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CAT G3520C

CAT G3520C OPERATION

Check Before Starting Engine:


CAT G3520C OPERATION
1、Check Cooling System:
 Inspect the cooling system for
leaks or loose connections.
Inspect the condition of all the
hoses and pipes for the cooling
system. Ensure that the
connections are properly
clamped.
 Inspect the water pumps for
evidence of leaks.
 Check the coolant level. Add
coolant, if necessary.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
2、截止阀在打开位置/Check to confirm the globe valve is open
CAT G3520C OPERATION
3、检查确定低温水冷却管路截止阀在开启位。Check to confirm the low
temperature cooling water pipe line globe valve is open in 。
CAT G3520C OPERATION
4、检查确定降噪箱控制箱24VDC电源在/ON/位;风机总电源380VAC在
/ON/位;四个风机电源开关在/ON/位;220VAC照明开关在ON位。
Check to confirm that the sound attenuation container control box 24VDC
power supply button is in / ON / position; the fan main power switch is
380VAC in / ON / position; the four fans power switch is in / ON / position;
220VAC lighting switch is in ON position
CAT G3520C OPERATION
5、 Lubrication System

Check the engine crankcase oil level. Maintain the oil level between the
"ADD" and "FULL" marks on the "ENGINE STOPPED WITH OIL COLD"
side of the oil level gauge.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
6、CHECK AIR INLET SYSTEM
 Ensure that the air inlet piping and the air filters are in place and clean.
 Ensure that all clamps and connections are secure.
 Inspect the air cleaner service indicator (if equipped). Service the air cleaner filter
element when the yellow diaphragm enters the red zone, or the red piston locks in
the visible position.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
7. Starting System:
Electric Starting Motor:
 Disconnect any battery chargers that are not protected against the high current drain
that is created when the electric starting motor engages.
 Inspect the wiring, the electrical cables, and the battery for the following conditions:
 Loose connections
 Wires that are worn or frayed
 Corrosion
CAT G3520C OPERATION
8. 检查控制系统连接正确,各传感器连接正确牢固。Check the control system
is connected correctly, the instrument connection is correct and tightened.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
9. 确定“EMERGENCY STOP” BUTTON没有在关断位置。 Make sure
"EMERGENCY STOP" BUTTON is not in the off position
CAT G3520C OPERATION
10. Electrical System:
Inspect the wiring for the following conditions:
Loose connections
Wiring that is worn or frayed
Inspect the gauge panel and the control panel for good condition. Reset any shutoff or
alarm components.
Kay and switch is ‘ON’.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
11.Fuel System
Check the fuel lines for leaks with a gas detector.
Inspect the fuel lines for loose fittings and leaks. Ensure that the fuel lines are properly
clamped.
Ensure that the fuel is supplied to the engine at the correct pressure for the engine.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Manual Starting:
NOTICE :
Do not engage the starting motor when flywheel is turning. Do not start
the engine under load.
If the engine fails to start within 30 seconds, release the starter switch or
button and wait two minutes to allow the starting motor to cool before
attempting to start the engine again. CONTROL SWITCH
AT MANUAL
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Automatic Starting
 If the engine control switch is in the "AUTO" position, the engine will automatically
start when the remote start/stop initiate contact closes.

When the engine is in the AUTOMATIC mode, the engine can start at any moment. To
avoid personal injury, always remain clear of the the engine when the engine is in the
AUTOMATIC mode.
CONTROL SWITCH
AT AUTOMATIC
CAT G3520C OPERATION
After Starting Engine
 For new installations and engines that are recently rebuilt, carefully monitor the
engine in order to detect any unusual engine performance.
 After all systems are stabilized and normal, the engine rpm can be increased from
low idle rpm to rated rpm.
 It may be necessary to apply some load in order to attain normal operating
temperatures.
Engaging the Driven Equipment
Increase the engine speed to rated rpm.
Ensure that the operating parameters are in the normal ranges for the engine load.
Close the main circuit breaker in order to apply the load.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Engine Operation:
Proper operation and maintenance are key factors in attaining the maximum service life
and economy for the engine. Follow the instructions in this Operation and Maintenance
Manual in order to minimize operating costs and maximize the service life of the
engine.
Observe the gauges frequently while the engine is operating. Record the data from the
gauges in a log. Include the parameters that are listed in Table 1. Average the data that
is recorded during operation and record the average values for each day. Compare the
data to the specifications for normal engine operation. Comparing the data over time
will help to detect trends in engine performance.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Table 1
Engine Performance
Investigate any significant
change in the gauge
Operator Date readings. Monitor the
Engine serial number Hour meter engine operation and take
Load RPM action when discrepancies
Coolant temperature Oil pressure are found.
Oil filter Air filter
differential pressure differential pressure
Inlet Inlet
manifold pressure manifold temperature
Exhaust Exhaust
temperatures pressure

Secondary transformer voltages Exhaust emissions

Throttle position Fuel valve position


CAT G3520C OPERATION
Partial Load Operation:
Extended operation at low idle or at a reduced load will cause increased oil
consumption and carbon buildup in the cylinders.
Carbon buildup results in the following effects:

 Narrow margin for detonation

 Power loss

 Poor performance

 Accelerated wear of components


CAT G3520C OPERATION
Partial Load Operation:
Caterpillar Engines can be operated at very light loads for limited times with no harmful
effects. Table 2 lists the limits for hours of operation at various loads.

Table 2
Time Limits For Low Load Operation
Engine Load Time Limit
0 to 30 percent 1/2 hour
31 to 50 percent 2 hours
51 to 100 percent Continuous (1)

(1) For continuous operation, the manifold air pressure must be greater than the atmospheric pressure
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Partial Load Operation:

 After the time limit for reduced load operation has expired, operate the engine for a
minimum of two hours at a load that is more than 70 percent of the rated load.

 For example, an engine is operating at 20 percent of the rated load. The engine may
be operated at this load factor for a maximum of one-half hour. After the one-half
hour, operate this engine for at least two hours at a load factor of more than 70
percent.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Emergency Stopping:
NOTICE
Emergency shutoff controls are for EMERGENCY use ONLY. DO NOT use
emergency shutoff devices or controls for normal stopping procedure.

Pressing the Emergency Stop Button may cause unburned gas to remain in the air inlet
and in the exhaust manifold.

 Unburned gas in the air inlet and exhaust system may ignite when the engine is
started. Personal injury and/or property damage may result.
 Before starting an engine that may contain unburned gas, purge the unburned
gas from the air inlet and exhaust system. Refer to the topic on purging
unburned gas in the "Starting the Engine" section.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Emergency Stopping:
Emergency Stop Button:
The emergency stop button is in the OUT position for normal engine operation. For an
emergency stop, press the emergency stop button. This shuts off both the fuel and the
ignition.

Ensure that any system that provides external support to the engine is secured after the
engine is stopped.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Emergency Stopping:
NOTICE
Do not start the engine until the problem necessitating the emergency stop has been
located and corrected.
The engine will not restart when the button is locked. To reset the button, pull the
button or turn the button clockwise. The spring-loaded button will return to the OUT
position.
The control system must also be reset before the engine will start. Turn the engine
control switch to the "OFF/RESET" position.

The customer may also provide a remote connection for emergency stopping.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Purging Unburned Gas:(未燃烧的燃气)
The following events cause unburned gas to remain in the air inlet and in the exhaust
manifold:
Emergency stop
Engine overspeed
The engine control is set to the STOP mode and the gas shutoff valve does not close.
Unsuccessful successive attempts to start the engine
Unburned gas may remain in the air inlet and exhaust system after several unsuccessful
attempts to start the engine. The unburned gas may increase to a concentration that may
ignite during a successive attempt to start the engine.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
Purging Unburned Gas:(未燃烧的燃气)
 Perform the following procedure in order to purge the unburned gas:
1. If the Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) is not connected to the engine, connect
Cat ET to the engine.
2. Verify that the value of the "Engine Purge Cycle" parameter is equal to ten seconds
less than the value of the "Crank Cycle" parameter.
3. Set the engine control to the START mode. The engine will crank for the "Engine
Purge Cycle" time. Then, the gas shutoff valve will be energized and the ignition
will be enabled. The engine will start.
4. Continue with your previous procedure.
CAT G3520C OPERATION
After Stopping Engine
 Check the engine crankcase oil level. Maintain the oil level between the "ADD" and
"FULL" marks on the "ENGINE STOPPED" side of the oil level gauge.
 If necessary, perform minor adjustments. Repair any leaks and tighten loose bolts.
 Note the service hour reading. Perform the maintenance that is scheduled in this
Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Maintenance Interval Schedule" (Maintenance
Section).
 Allow the engine to cool. Check the coolant level.
 If freezing temperatures are expected, check the coolant for protection against
freezing. The cooling system must be protected against freezing to the lowest
expected outside temperature. Add the proper coolant/water mixture, if necessary.
 Perform all required periodic maintenance on all driven equipment. Refer to the
instructions that are provided by the OEM of the driven equipment.