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SMK ST. LUKE, SRI AMAN


YEARLY PLAN FOR FORM THREE SCIENCE 2010

THEME : MANAGEMENT AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE


LEARNING AREA : 1. RESPIRATION

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

1 1.1 Observe the models or computer software to identify the A student is able to:  observing Being thankful to God.
Analysing the human structure of the human respiratory system which consists of • identify the structure of the human  identifying
breathing mechanism. the nasal cavity, trachea, bronchus, lungs, ribs, diaphragm respiratory system,  visualizing Being objective.
and the intercostals muscles. • identify the structure of the lung,
• describe the process of inhalation Thinking rationally.
Examine a model of a lung to identify the bronchus, and exhalation,
bronchiole and alveolus. • describe the breathing mechanism. Being responsible
about the safety of
Build a functional model of the human respiratory system to oneself, others, and
show the relationship between the air pressure in the environment
thoracic cavity and the exhalation.
NOTES.
Discuss the breathing mechanism.

2 1.2 View a video or computer software then gather and interpret A student is able to: Being thankful to God.
Understanding the data on ;the following: - describe the diffusion of oxygen from  Observing
transport of oxygen in the a) diffusion of oxygen from the alveoli into the blood the alveoli into the blood capillaries,  Communicating Being responsible
human body capillaries into the cells, about the safety of
- describe the transport of oxygen by
b) transport of oxygen by the red blood cells in the form of oneself, others, and
blood.
oxyhaemoglobin. environment
- describe the diffusion of from the
blood capillaries into the cells

2 1.3 Collect and interpret data on the following: A student is able to: Being thankful to God
Realizing the importance of a) substances that are harmful to the respiratory system, • List the substances which are harmful  Observing
a healthy respiratory i.e. nicotine and tar (from the smoke of cigarettes ), sulphur to the respiratory system.  Communicating Being responsible
system dioxide (from factories), and carbon monoxide (from the • Explain the effects of pollutants on  Defining about the safety of
smoke of vehicles) and haze, the respiratory system, operationally oneself, others, and
b) effects of harmful substances such as toxin and cinogen • List the diseases of the respiratory environment
on the respiratory system. system,  Observing
c) diseases of the respiratory system • Practice good habits to improve the  Inferring
quality of air.
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LEARNING AREA : 2 BLOOD CIRCULATION AND TRANSPORT

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

2 2.1 Understanding the Observe and study models, computer software or A student is able to :
transport system in videos on the structure of the heart and types of blood - describe the circulatory system as a  Observing Being objective.
humans. vessels (i.e. artery, circulatory system.) system of tubes with a pump and valves  Communicating Being thankful to God.
that ensure one-way flow of blood.
Examine a live specimen of a heart to identify its - state the function of the heart, NOTES.
structure. - identify the structure of the human heart.  Observing Teacher is encouraged to
- compare and contrast the structure of  Communicating use computer simulation to
Discuss the following: arteries, veins and capillaries. illustrate the heart
a) functions of the heart, - relate the characteristics of the blood
b) characteristics of the blood vessels and their vessels to their functions,  Communicating
functions. - compare and contrast oxygenated and
deoxygenated blood,  Classifying
Carry out and activity to compare and contrast - illustrate the path of blood flow in the  Sequencing
oxygenated and deoxygenated and blood. circulatory system,
- describe the role of the blood circulatory
Stimulate the flow of blood in the circulatory system in system in the transport of substances,
the transport of substances. - explain the importance of maintaining a
healthy heart
Invite a medical officer to give a talk on “Taking Care
of Your Heart.”

3 2.2 Analysing the human Invite physician to give a talk on the following: A student is able to: Being thankful to God.
blood. • state the constituents of blood and their  Communicating
a) the constituents of blood, i.e. plasma, red functions, Being kind-hearted &
blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and • state the blood groups, caring
their functions, • match the blood group of the donor to
b) the blood groups, i.e. A, B, AB and O, that of the recipient, Being cooperative.
c) the compatibility between the blood group of • justify the importance of blood donation,
the donor and that of the recipient, • describe how donated blood is stored Being responsible about
d) the importance of blood donation, and handled the safety of oneself and
e) the storage and handling of donated blood others.

NOTES.
Universal donor and
universal recipient should
be included.

2.3 Observe a wilted plant and discuss how it occurred. A student is able to:  Observing Being thankful to God.
4 Analysing the transport • describe how wilting occurs,  Communicating
system in plants Examine the epidermis of a leaf under a microscope to • describe what transpiration is,  Inferring Realizing that science is a
identify the stomata. • describe the function of stomata,  Communicating means to understand
• identify the factors affecting the rate of nature.
Carry out experiments to study the factors affecting the transpiration,
rate of transpiration. • describe how the factors affect the rate of Being honest
transpiration,
Carry out activities to study the following: NOTES.
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Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

a) transport of synthesized food substances via • describe the roles of transpiration, The transport of water and
the phloem, • investigate the pathway of water in a cut minerals in transpiration
b) transport of water from roots to the leaves stem using a suitable stains, should be emphasized.
via the xylem. • identify the location of xylem and phloem,
• describe the functions of xylem and
Examine cross-sections of root, stem and leaf to phloem.
identify the location of xylem and phloem.

Discuss the roles of transpiration in the transport of


water and minerals.

LEARNING AREA: 3. EXCRETION

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

3.1 Discuss what excretion is. A student is able to:  Observing Being objective.
4&5 Understanding human • Explain what excretion is,  Communicating
excretion Examine models, charts, or view computer software to • Identify the excretory organs in humans, Being thankful to God
identify the excretory organs, i.e. skin, lungs, and • State the excretory products of each
kidneys. excretory organ, Having critical and
• Explain the importance of excretion. analytical thinking.
Discuss the excretory products of each excretory
organ, i.e. water, carbon dioxide, minerals, salt and
urea.

Discuss the importance of excretion

5 3.2 Analysing the urinary Examine models, charts or view computer software of A student is able to: * Observing Thankful to God
system in human. the urinary system to identify the locations of kidneys, • Identify the locations of kidneys and other * Communicating
ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. parts of the urinary system, Thinking Rationally
• Describe the shape of the kidney,
Collect and interpret data on the functions of the • Identify the structures of the kidney. Appreciating the
kidney. • Describe the functions of the kidney, contribution of science and
• Explain the importance of maintaining technology
Examine a life specimen of a kidney to: healthy kidneys.
a) describe the shape of the kidney, NOTES:
b) identify the components of the kidney, i.e. the The structure and the
cortex, medulla and pelvis. function of the nephron is
not required
Discuss the following:
a) the importance of the kidneys, Describe the functions of
b) living with kidney failure. the kidney.

Explain the importance of


the kidneys.
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Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

5 3.3 Collect and interpret data on the following: A student is able to:
Analysing excretion in a) the ways plants eliminate their excretory • describe the ways plants eliminate their  Communicating Being objective.
plants. products, excretory products,
b) the excretory products of plants, i.e. carbon • identify the excretory products of plants.  Communicating Appreciating the balance of
dioxide, water, and complex waste products. nature.

LEARNING AREA: 4. REPRODUCTION

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

6 4.1 Understanding sexual Discuss the following: A student is able to: Classifying Being thankful to God
and asexual a) the importance and types of reproduction, • State the importance of
reproduction. b) the similarities and differences between reproduction.
sexual and asexual reproduction. • State the types of reproduction,
• State what fertilisation is,
Using charts, diagrams, videos, or computer software • Describe internal and external
to study the following: fertilisation,
a) fertilisation, • Compare and contrast sexual and
b) internal and external fertilisation, asexual reproduction,
c) the various ways of asexual reproduction, ie.
• Classify animals and plants
binary fission, budding, spore formation,
according to their ways of reproduction.
vegetative reproduction and regeneration.

Discuss and classify animals and plants according to


how they reproduce.

6 4.2 Analysing the male Identify the following parts of the male reproductive A student is able to : Observation Being flexible and open
reproductive system. system with the help of charts, models, videos, or • Identify the parts of the male minded
computer software: reproductive system,
a) The sexual organs, ie. testes, and penis • Describe the function of the different
b) The other related parts ie. the scrotum, parts of the male reproductive system,
urethra, sperm ducts and prostate gland. • State the role of sperm in reproduction,
• Describe the changes in male during
Discuss the following : puberty.
a) The functions of the different parts of the
male reproductive system.
b) The role of sperm in reproduction .
c) The physical, physiological and emotional
changes in male during puberty.
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Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

7&8 4.3 Analysing the female Identify the following part of the female reproductive A students is able to : Observation Being flexible and open
reproductive system. system with the help of diagrams, models, videos or • Identify the parts of the female minded
computer software: reproductive system
a) the sexual organ, i.e. ovaries and uterus. • Describe the function of the different
b) The other related parts, i.e. the fallopian parts of the female reproductive system
tube, vagina and cervix. • State the role of an ovum in reproduction
• Describe the changes in female during
Discuss the following : puberty
a) the function of the different part of the • Compare and contrast male and female
female reproductive system. gametes in terms of size, numbers and
b) The role of an ovum in reproduction mobility.
c) The physical, physiological and emotional
changes in female during puberty

Simulate the differences between male and female


gametes in terms of size, numbers and mobility.

8 4.4 Analysing the menstrual Discuss the following : A students is able to : Interpreting data Being kind-hearted and
cycle a) menstruation and the menstrual cycle. • Describe the meaning of menstruation caring
b) The changes in the uterus wall during • Describe the menstrual cycle
menstrual cycle • Describe the changes in the uterus wall
c) The relationship between the fertile phase of during menstrual cycle
the menstrual cycle and fertilisation • Relate the fertile phase of the menstrual
d) The importance of personal hygiene during cycle to fertilisation
menstruation • Explain the important of personal
hygiene during menstruation.

9 4.5 Analysing fertilisation Discuss the following with the help of diagram, charts, A students is able to : Predicting Being kind-hearted and
and pregnancy models, videos or computer software : • describe fertilization in human caring
a) the location of implantation of embryo • identify the location of implantation of
b) the development of zygote into an embryo embryo
and subsequently into a fetus until birth. • describe the development of a zygote
into an embryo and subsequently into a
foetus until birth

4.6 Organize an exhibition or a multimedia presentation on A student is able to:  Interpreting data Being responsible about
9 Understanding the the following: • Relate the importance of taking nutritious  Communicating the safety of oneself,
importance of pre-natal a) the importance of taking nutritious food during food to the health of both mother and  Predicting others, environment.
care pregnancy, foetus during pregnancy,
b) the effects of smoking and the taking of certain Practicing clean and
• Explain the importance of avoiding the healthy living.
substances such as drugs and alcohol on the intake of substances that are harmful the
embryo and foetus foetus.
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Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

4.7 Collect and interpret data A student is able to:  Interpreting data Being thankful to God
9 & 10 Evaluating the importance on the following : • state the meaning of sterility,  Communicating
of research in human c) the meaning of sterility, • describe ways to overcome sterility, Appreciating the
reproduction d) ways to overcome sterility, i.e. nutrition, hormone • describe the methods of birth control, Contribution of science and
treatment, surgery and • present argument against the abuse of technology.
in vitro fertilization (IVF), birth control and its effects on the
e) birth control, i.e. rhythm community,
method, the use of condom, contraceptive pills, • explain the importance of research on
intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD), human reproduction.
spermicides, vasectomy and ligation.

Debate on birth control and its effects on society.

Discuss the importance of research on human


reproduction.

4.8 Examine flowers to identify the following parts: A student is able to:  Observing Having an interest and
12 Analysing the sexual a. petal and sepal, • identify the different parts of a flower,  Classifying curiosity towards the
reproduction system of b. the male part, i.e. the stamen which consist of • identify the male and female reproductive  Communicating environment.
flowering plants the filament, anther and pollen grains, parts of a flower,  Manipulative
c. the female part, i.e. the pistil which consists of • identify the male and female gametes, skill Realizing that science is a
the stigma, style, ovary and ovules. • describe the functions of the male and means to understand
female reproductive parts of a flower in nature.
Use a microscope or hand Lens to observe the sexual reproduction.
following:
a. the cross-section and longitudinal section of an
ovary to identify the ovules,
b. pollen grains.

Discuss the functions of the following:


a. flowers in reproduction,
b. male reproductive parts of the flower,
c. female reproductive parts of the flower.

4.9 Discuss the following with the help of models, charts, A student is able to:  Interpreting Appreciating the
12 & 13 Analysing pollination. videos or computer software: • describe what pollination is,  Classifying contribution of science and
a) pollination, • relate the characteristics of  Inferring technology.
b) types of pollination flowers to their agents of pollination,
c) similarities and differences of self- pollination and • state the types of pollination,
cross-pollination, • compare and contrast self-
d) advantages of cross- pollination, pollination and cross-pollination,
e) uses of cross-pollination in agriculture. • explain the advantages of cross-
pollination,
Carry out an activity to study the various types of
flowers to identify their pollinating agent • explain with the examples the uses
of cross-pollination in agriculture.
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Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

4.10 Use a microscope to observe the development of A student is able to :  Manipulative Being objective
13 Understanding the pollen tubes in different percentage of sucrose solution • identify the location where skill
development of fruits and ( 5% - 10 % ) fertilisation occurs in flower,  Observing Being cooperative
seeds in plants. Draw annotated diagrams of the following: • describe fertilisation in plants,  Communicating
d. the fertilisations process in plants, Thankful to God
• describe the formation of fruits and
e. the formation of fruits and seeds
seeds.
Discuss the following:
a. the location where fertilisations occurs in
flower
b. fertilisation in plants
c. formation of fruits and seeds

4.11 Dissect a seed longitudinally and identify its structure A student is able to:
14 Synthesising the concept of using hand lens or microscope. • identify the structure of a seed
germination of seeds • explain the functions of the different parts
Collect and interpret data on the following: of a seed
• describe the physical changes of
a) functions of the different parts of a seed , i.e , the seedlings during germination
embryo (radicle, plumule and cotyledons) and • make hypotheses on the condition
testa, protected by the pericarp (fruit wall) required for the germination of seeds
• design an experiment to study the
b) physical changes of seedlings in terms of the condition required for the germination of
development of radicle , plumule and cotyledon. seeds
Carry out small group discussions to: • carry out the experiment to study the
condition required for the germination of
a) identify the variables related to the germination of seeds
seeds • draw conclusions on the condition
required for the germination of seeds
b) formulate hypotheses about the conditions required
for the germination of seeds.

Design and carry out experiments to determine the


conditions required for the germination of seeds.

4.12 Carry out a study of the vegetative reproduction of A student is able to:
14 Application of vegetative various plants in a nursery to identify the types of • explain with examples the meaning of
production in flowering vegetative reproduction. vegetative reproduction
plants • state the parts of the plants that can
Discuss what vegetative reproduction is. reproduce vegetatively
• classify flowering plants according to the
Discuss the application of research carried out in parts that can reproduce vegetatively.
vegetative reproduction in agriculture. • Describe the application of research
carried out in vegetative reproduction in
agriculture.
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LEARNING AREA: 5. GROWTH

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

5.1 Discuss the following: A student is able to:


15 Analysing the pattern of a) characteristics used to measure growth rate such • describe what growth is
human growth as height and weight. • identify the characteristics used to
b) meaning of growth measure growth rate
c) growth pattern in male and female • analyze the growth curve for male
d) effects of nutrition on the development of physical and female
and mental well being of children • compare and contrast between the
growth rate in male and female
Carry out activities to interpret the growth curve for • describe the effects of nutrition on
male and female from infancy to adulthood the growth in children

THEME: MATTER IN NATURE


LEARNING AREA: 1. LAND AND ITS RESOURCES

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

1.1 Analysing the various Discuss what a mineral is A student is able to: • Communicating Having an interest and
16 minerals found in the Earth • describe what a mineral is, • Observing curiosity towards the
crust Collect and interpret data on the various types of • explain through examples that minerals • Interpreting data environment.
minerals that exist in the Earth crust: exist in the form of natural elements or
a) natural elements i.e gold and silver, natural compounds, Realizing that science is
b) natural compounds i.e oxides, carbonates, • identify the elements in natural a means to understand
sulphides and silicates. compounds, nature
• describe the properties of minerals,
Discuss and identify the elements in a few natural • write equations in words to show the
compounds. effect of heat on the minerals.
Carry out activities to study the following :
a) hardness of minerals
b) solubility of minerals in water,
c) the effect of heat on some metal carbonates,
oxides and sulphides.

16 & 17 1.2 Understanding the Brainstorm and discuss the following : A student is able to: • Communicating Being thankful to God
reactions between metals a) examples of metals • state examples of metal and non- • Classifying
and non- metals. b) examples of non- metals. metals. • Defining Appreciating the
• Describe the reactions between operationally contribution of science
Carry out activities to study the reaction of some metals and non-metals, and technology
metals, i.e magnesium, aluminium, zinc and iron with • Write equations in words for the
the following non- metals: reaction between metals and non-metals.
a) oxygen
b) sulphur
• State that metals react with non-
metals at different rate.
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Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

17 1.3 Understanding silicon Collect and interpret data on silicon compounds that A student is able to:
compounds exist in the form of silica and silicate. • state the different forms of silicon
compounds,
Carry out activities to study the properties of silica and • state examples of silica,
silicate as follows; • state examples of silicate,
a) solubility in water, • relate the properties of silicon
b) reaction with hydrochloric acid, compounds to their stability,
c) effects of heat. • explain through examples the uses of
silicon compounds in our daily life.
Visit factories to learn about the process of making
glass, ceramic, electronic chips and fiber optics.

Discuss the uses of silicon compounds in our daily life.

17 & 18 1.4 Analysing calcium Collect and interpret data on calcium carbonate. A student is able to:
compounds. • state the elements in calcium carbonate,
Carry out activities to study the following: • identify the various forms of calcium
a) the properties of calcium carbonate in terms carbonate,
of its reaction with acid, solubility in water • describe the properties of calcium
and the effects of heat, carbonate,
b) the formation of calcium oxide (quicklime) • write equations in words for the reactions
and calcium hydroxide (slaked lime). of calcium carbonate,
• describe the formation of calcium oxide
Discuss the following: and calcium hydroxide
a) uses of calcium compounds, i.e. calcium a) relate the properties of calcium
carbonate, calcium oxide and calcium compounds to their uses
hydroxide,
b) properties of calcium compounds with
reference to their uses.

18 1.5 Analysing natural fuel Access websites or visit PETROSAINS, National A student is able to: • Making hypothesis Being confident and
resources and their Science Centre or an oil refinery to collect information • list the natural fuel resources, • Communicating independent
importance. on the formation of natural fuel resources found in • explain the formation of natural fuel • Experimenting
Malaysia. resources, Being responsible about
• describe the fractional distillation of the safety of oneself,
Carry out an activity to study fractional distillation of petroleum others, and the
petroleum. • describe the characteristics of the environment.
various fractions from the fractional
Discuss the following: distillation of petroleum,
a) characteristics and uses of the various • describe the uses of the various
fractions of petroleum, fractions of petroleum,
b) contributions of petroleum and natural gas
• explain the contributions of
industry to the economic development of our
petroleum and natural gas industry
country,
to the economic development of our
c) efficient ways of using petroleum and other
country,
natural fuel resources.
10

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

• generate ideas on how to use


natural fuel resources efficiently.
THEME: ENERGY IN LIFE
LEARNING AREA: 1. ELECTRICITY

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

1.1 Carry out the following activities : A student is able to:  Observing Being thankful to God.
19 Understanding a) producing static electrical charges in materials • describe what electrostatics is,  Communicating
electrostatics. through friction, • state the types of static electrical  Defining Being objective.
charges, operationally
b)detecting static electrical charges using an • state the properties of static electrical Thinking rationally.
electroscope, charges

c) observing what happens when two objects with


• describe how static electrical charges
the same or opposite charges are brought near can be produced in some materials,
to each other and making conclusions about static • describe ways to detect static electrical
electrical charges. charges,
• explain everyday phenomena caused by  Observing
Discuss the following: static electrical charges,  Communicating
a) what electrostatics is
b) types of static electrical charges
• state the safety measures to be taken
c) properties of static electrical charges when dealing with static electricity
d) examples of material that are easily charged, i.e.
acetate and polythene
e) everyday phenomena related to static electrical
charges, e.g. lightning
f) safety measures to be taken when dealing with
electrical charges, e.g. the use of lightning
conductor

1.2 Collect and interpret data on the sources of electrical A student is able to: Being thankful to God.
20 Understanding electricity energy used in everyday life. • give examples of sources of electrical  Observing
energy used in everyday life,  Communicating Being responsible about
Carry out an activity to observe the flow of electric • state what electric city is,  Defining the safety of oneself,
current using a Van de Graff generator and a • state what voltage is, operationally others, and environment
galvanometer. • state what resistance is,
• describe the directions of current and  Observing
Discuss the following: electron flow in an electric circuit.  Communicating
a) electricity,
b) current,
 Inferring
c) voltage,
 Communicating
d) resistance,
e) directions of current and electron flow in an
electric circuit.

1.4 Design and carry out an experiment to study the A student is able to:  Observing Being thankful to God
20 & 21 Synthesising the following : • design an experiment to study the  Communicating
11

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

relationship between a) effects of the change in resistance on current, relationship between resistance and  Defining Being responsible about
current, voltage and b) effects of the change in voltage on current, current, operationally the safety of oneself,
resistance. • carry out the experiment to study the  Inferring others, and environment
Discuss the following: relationship between resistance and  Measuring and
a) relationship between voltage , current and current, using numbers
resistance, • describe the effects of the change in  Interpreting data NOTES:
b) Ohm’s Law resistance on current,  Controlling Interpretation of graphs
• design an experiment to study the variables should be emphasized
relationship between voltage and current,  Hypothesizing
• carry out the experiment to study the  Experimenting
relationship between voltage and current,
• describe the effect of the change in
voltage on current,
• state Ohm’s Law

1.5 Match the components found in an electric circuit to A student is able to: Being thankful to God.
22 Synthesising the concept of their symbols. • Identify the components of an electric
parallel and series circuit circuit and their symbols,  Observing Being objective.
Draw the following circuit diagrams and assemble the • Draw a diagram of a complete circuit,  Communicating
circuits: • Build a complete electric circuit,  Defining Thinking rationally.
a) a complete circuit, • Build a series circuit, operationally
b) a series circuit, • Build a parallel circuit, Being responsible about
c) a parallel circuit.  Observing the safety of oneself,
• Compare and contrast the arrangement
 Communicating others, and environment
of components in a series circuit and a
Discuss the similarities and differences between a
parallel circuit.
series circuit and a parallel circuit with the help of NOTES.
illustrations. The five sensory organs
have been introduced in
Primary Science.

1.6 Carry out activities to study current, voltage and A student is able to:  Observing Being thankful to God.
22 Analysing current, voltage resistance in a series circuit. • describe the current flowing through the  Communicating
and resistance in a series components in a series circuit,  Defining Realizing that science is
circuit. Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of a series • describe the voltages across the operationally a means to understand
circuit. components in a series circuit, nature.
• describe the resistance in a series circuit ,  Observing
• explain the advantages and the  Communicating Being responsible about
disadvantage of a series circuit. the safety of oneself,
others, and environment
 Inferring
 Communicating NOTES.
The structures of the
receptors are not
required.

1.7 Carry out activities to study the current, voltage and A student is able to:
12

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

22 Analysing current, voltage resistance in a parallel circuit.


and resistance in a parallel • describe the current flowing through
circuit. Discuss the following: the components in a parallel circuit ,
o advantage and disadvantage of a • describe the voltage across the
parallel circuit components in a parallel circuit.
o similarities and differences • Describe the resistance in a parallel
between series and parallel circuits in terms of circuit,
current, voltage and resistance . • Explain the advantages and the
disadvantage of a parallel circuit ,
• Compare and contrast a series
circuit and a parallel circuit in terms of
current , voltage and resistance.

23 & 24 SCHOOL HOLIDAYS ( 6 – 20 JUN 2010 )

25 1.8 Carry out the following activities : A student is able to: Being thankful to God
Understanding magnetism. o use iron fillings to study the magnetic field of a • describe what a magnetic field is,  Observing
bar magnet, • draw the magnetic field of a bar magnet,  Communicating Being responsible about
o use compass to plot the directions of the • draw the directions of the magnetic field,  Defining the safety of oneself,
magnetic field. • relate magnetic field lines and strength of operationally others, and environment
magnetic field,
Discuss the following: • explain the use of a magnetic in a  Observing
a) magnetic field, compass.  Inferring
b) relationship between magnetic field lines and
strength of magnetic field.

Study and discuss the use of a magnet in a compass.

25 1.9 Carry out an activity to study the magnetic field A student is able to:
Understanding produced by a straight wire carrying electric current. • relate the current flow through a  Observing Being objective.
electromagnetism. conductor with magnetism,  Communicating
Discuss the meaning of electromagnetism and • describe what an electromagnet is. Being thankful to God.
electromagnet. • describe how we hear.
NOTES.
Observe and identify the structure of the human ear. Teacher is encouraged
to use computer
Discuss the function of each part of the ear. simulation to illustrate
the hearing mechanism.
Discuss the hearing mechanism.

LEARNING AREA : 2. GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

26 2.1 Understanding the Explore websites or visit a power station to collect and A student is able to: Having curiosity towards
generation of electrical interpret data on the following: • List the various types of generators,  Observing the environment.
13

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

energy a) various types of generators, i.e. thermal, • Describe the generation of electrical  Communicating
hydroelectric, diesel, nuclear and gas turbine, energy in various types of power Being responsible about
b) generation of electrical energy in various types of stations, the safety.
power stations, • Compare and contrast the generation of
c) alternative sources of energy, e.g. solar energy electrical energy in various types of Realising that science is
and biomass. power stations, very meant.
• Give examples of alternative sources of  Classifying
Discuss the similarities and differences in the energy. Appreciating the
generation of electrical energy in various types of  Observing contribution of S & T.
power stations.  Communicating
 Inferring
Carry out an activity on the utilization of solar energy
 Defining
using devices such as solar box or solar cell
operationally
(photovoltaic cell)

26 2.2 Understanding Build a simple transformer and study its physical A student is able:  Observing Appreciating the
transformer structure. • Identify the different parts of a  Communicating contribution of S & T
transformer,
Carry out an activity to show the function of the simple • Describe how a transformer works,  Classifying Being systematic
transformer. • Compare and contrast a step-up
transformer and a step-down  Observing Being objective
Collect and interpret data on the working principle of a transformer,  Communicating
step-up transformer and step-down transformer. • Describe the roles of transformer in the  Defining
transmission and distribution of operationally
Discuss step-up and step-down transformer in terms electricity.
of:
a) similarities and differences
b) their uses in the transmission and distribution of
electricity

26 2.3 Analysing the Observe a model or a chart and discuss the electrical A student is able:  Observing
electricity transmission and transmission and distribution system which includes • Arrange in order the components in the  Communicating Appreciating the
distribution system the National Grid Network, transformer stations, switch electricity transmission and distribution  Defining contribution of S & T
zone, main sub-station and its branches. system, operationally
• Describe the functions of the Being systematic
Collect and interpret data on the National Grid Network components in the electricity
in Malaysia. transmission and distribution system, Being flexible and open-
• Describe how electricity is transmitted minded
and distributed from power stations to
consumers.

27 2.4 Understanding the Collect and interpret data on electrical energy supply A student is able to:
electrical supply and wiring at home. • State the value of the main voltage, Notes:
system at home • State the types of current,
Study and discuss the following: • Identify the type of electric current Types of wiring include
a) electrical wiring system at home including fuse supplied to homes, single-phase and
box, mains switch, circuit breaker, live wire, • State the types of electrical wiring, three-phase wiring
neutral wire, earth wire and electric meter,
14

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

b) international colour code. • Identify the parts in an electrical wiring Explain briefly when
system, three-phase wiring is
Carry out an activity to: • Describe the functions of the parts of an required
a) study the structure and design of a 3-pin plug, electrical wiring system,
b) complete the wiring of a 3-pin plug. • Describe the wiring in a 3-pin plug

27 & 28 2.5 Examine various hone appliances to collect and A student is able to: Notes:
Analysing the cost of interpret data on the power, voltage and current • State the power and voltage rating Introduce the following
electrical energy usage. ratings, of home electrical appliances formulae:
• Calculate the amount of current
Calculate the amount of current flowing through home flowing through an electrical appliance: Power =
electrical appliances. • Recall the relationship between Voltage x Current
electrical energy usage , power and time
Discuss the relationship between electrical energy P= V x I
usage, power and time
• Solve problem by calculating the
cost of electricity used Energy (kWh) =
Carry out a home electrical energy usage audit to Power (kW) x
determine the cost of electrical energy per month Time (h)

28 2.6 Discuss the following: A student is able to:


Understanding the a) types of fuses • identify the types of fuses
functions of fuse and earth b) ratings of fuses • state the ratings of fuses
wire c) function of fuse in electrical wiring system
d) the role of earth wire in electrical wiring
• describe the function of fuse in electrical
wiring system
system
• determine the suitable rating of a fuse for
Carry out an activity to study the occurrence of a short an electrical appliance
circuit • describe the role of earth wire in electrical
wiring system,
Carry out activities to determine the suitable ratings of
fuses for different electrical appliances

28 2.7 Collect and interpret data on the following: A student is able to: Notes:
Evaluating the importance a) causes of electrical accidents, • state the safety measures to be taken
of safety precaution in the b) steps to be taken if electrical accidents occur, when using electricity. Mention the following
use of electricity c) safety features at home to prevent electrical • describe the steps to be taken when safety features:
accidents. accidents involving electricity occur, i. Miniature Circuit
• justify the need for having safety Breaker (MCB)
Discuss the need to take safety precautions when precautions and safety features at home ii. Earth Leakage
using electricity. to prevent electrical accidents. Circuit Breaker (ELCB)

28 2.8 Collect and interpret data about activities that cause A student is able to: Notes:
Evaluating the importance electricity wastage. • identify the activities that cause electricity
of conserving electricity wastage, Introduce energy
Discuss the ways to conserve electricity. • describe ways to conserve electricity, labeling of appliances
• justify the needs for conserving to improve energy
Carry out a project on energy efficiency. efficiency.
15

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

electricity,
Discuss and justify the needs for conserving electricity. • predict problems our country would face
if there was a shortage of electricity.
Brainstorm the problems faced by the country if there
was a shortage of electricity.

THEME: ASTRONOMY AND SPACE EXPLORATION


LEARNING AREA: 1. STARS AND GALAXIES

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

1.1 Collect and interpret data on the following: A student is able to:
29 Analyzing the Sun. a) Characteristics of the Sun i.e. size, mass, density • Describe the characteristics of the sun Auroras, frequently
relative to the Earth and surface temperature. • Identify the structures of the Sun. associated with flares
b) Structures of the Sun i.e the corona, • Identify the phenomena occurring on the should be introduced
chromospheres and photosphere. surface of the Sun.
c) Phenomena occurring at the surface of the Sun • Explain the effects of the phenomena on
i.e prominences, flares and sunspots. the surface of the Sun on Earth
d) Effects of the phenomena on the surface of the • State how energy is generated by the
Sun on Earth. Sun
e) Generation of energy by the Sun.

29 1.2 Discuss the following A student is able to:


Understanding the stars a) The definition of a star, • Define what a star is
and the galaxies in the b) The Sun as a star • Identify the Sun as a star,
Universe • Identify the bright stars in the sky
Visit the National Planetarium or National Science • Compare and contrast the stars based on
Centre to collect and interpret data on the following: certain characteristics,
a) Bright stars such as the Sirius and Rigel. • Describe the formation of stars,
b) The Sun as a star,
• Describe the death of stars,
c) Various types of stars based on temperature, size
• State the types of galaxies,
and brightness,
d) Formation of stars, • Describe the Milky Way,
e) Death of stars leaving behind the white dwarf, • Describe the universe,
neutron star and the black hole, • State the position of the Solar System in
f) Types of galaxies i.e. elliptical, spiral and the Universe
irregular,
g) The Milky Way,
h) The Universe

Take part in star watch activities.


View computer software or videos to gather
information about the topics in this learning area.

1.3 Write a poem or haiku about the uniqueness, A student is able to: Haiku is Japanese
29 Thankful for the existence orderliness, beauty and harmony of the Universe as a • Appreciate the uniqueness, poems that comprise
of the Universe as a gift sign of the glory of God. orderliness, beauty and harmony in the three lines. The first
from God. Universe as a sign of the glory of God. and third is made up of
16

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

Discuss the following: • Describe the expanse of the five syllables while the
a) The expanse of the universe, Universe compared to Earth, second line is made up
b) All that exists in the Universe is not permanent, • State that all that exists in the of seven syllables. The
c) The importance of the Sun and the Moon to life Universe is not permanent, theme and message of
on Earth • Explain the importance of the Sun the poem is often
and the Moon to life on Earth. associated with nature.

THEME: ASTRONOMY AND SPACE EXPLORATION


LEARNING AREA : 2. SPACE EXPLORATION

Weeks Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes SPS Noble Values

30 2.1 Surf the internet, visit the Planetarium or the National A student is able to: Include the applications
Understanding Science Centre to collect and interpret data on the • describe the developments in the field of of remote sensing e.g.
developments in the field of following: astronomy, in geology, agriculture,
astronomy and space a) developments in the field of astronomy, • describe the developments in space forestry, disaster
exploration. b) applications of technology related to space exploration, management, national
exploration and astronomy, e.g. remote sensing, • explain with examples the applications of security management
c) developments in space exploration, e.g. technology related to space exploration etc.
launching of rockets, satellites, probes as well as and astronomy,
man’s landing on the Moon. • justify the need to continue space Malaysian Centre for
exploration. Remote Sensing
Debate on the need to continue space exploration. (MACRES) is
responsible for the
Carry out a multimedia presentation on the remote sensing
developments in the field of astronomy and space projects in the country.
exploration.

31 - 44 REVISION

PMR EXAMINATION

Prepared by;

……………………………………..
ENCIK ABDUL RAHMAN NARAWI
SCIENCE TEACHER
SMK ST LUKE, SRI AMAN