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Unit 1

1.1

Vocabulary

I. Study the list of the words and expressions.

1. according to someone – in someone’s opinion


2. appointment (n) – an arrangement to meet or visit somebody
3. avoid (v) – try not to do (avoid something; avoid doing something)
4. be busy doing something – to work hard on something
5. be late for something – to come later than arranged or necessary
6. chat (v) – to talk to somebody in a friendly way
7. daily (adj) – something that happens every day
8. enjoy something /doing something – to get pleasure from doing something
9. equal (adj) – to be the same in size number, etc.
10. fit (adj) – healthy and strong (e.g. Running keeps me fit)
11. focus (v) – to focus on something means to concentrate on it, to think constantly about
it
12. fun (n, uncountable) – pleasure, enjoyment (to have fun); fun (adj) – pleasant,
enjoyable
13. have an early/a late night – to go to bed earlier/later than usual
14. immediate (adj) – something that is happening now
15. in advance – before the time when it’s arranged or necessary
16. interested (adj) – to be interested in something means to show interest about something,
to want to know more about it or to take part in it
17. lifestyle (noun) – the type of life a person has (e.g. healthy lifestyle)
18. list (n) – a series of names, numbers, etc. that are written one bellow another (e.g.:
shopping list – a series of products you must buy, to-do list – a series of things you
must do)
19. lie-in (n) – a time when you stay in bed later than usual in the morning
20. miss someone/something – to feel sad about someone/something because they are not
with you any more
21. on one’s own – independently, without anybody’ help, alone (e.g. to do something on
one’s own / to be on one’s own)
22. relationship (n) – the way in which two or more people or things are connected
23. relative (n) – a member of your family
24. stay in (phrasal v) – stay at home or indoors, ant
25. spend time on something /doing something – use your time doing something; to spend
time with someone
26. successful (adj) – to be successful in something means to get a good result or a high
position in something
27. worry about something – to feel nervous or upset because you keep thinking about a
problem that you have or unpleasant things that may happen

II. A.Match the word combinations (a-r) with the correct verbs (1-8). Sometimes more
than one verb is possible.
a. housework
b. some exercise
c. time with relatives
d. the shopping
1. spend e. a to-do list
2. do f. out until late
3. stay g. an early night
4. make h. on a trip
5. eat i. future plans
6. have j. a family meal
7. go k. with friends online
8. chat l. to bed late
m. homework
n. a good time
o. healthy food
p. a lie-in
q. friends
r. money

III.
A. Complete the table with the words from the box.

appointment changes decision exercises homework


job mistakes nothing progress sport

do make

B. Use the collocations to fill in the gaps in the sentences. Some changes in the forms of
verbs may be necessary.
1. Avoid _____ the same _____ in you tests if you want to have a high score.
2. I don’t like _____ this _____, it’s hard and monotonous.
3. He is the laziest person I know, he can sit and _____ _____ for hours on end.
4. How often do I need to _____ these _____ if I want to keep fit?
5. I would like to _____ an _____ with the director for tomorrow at 15:30.
6. How long does it take you to _____ your chemistry _____ ?
7. If you want to _____ _____ in English you have to work every day.
8. You can choose how to spend your time; to _____ some _____ and to stay active or
to lay on the beach and for the whole day.
9. You should _____ your _____ about your future as soon as possible.
10. This programme allows you to _____ _____ in any document and save it in your
computer.

IV. Answer these questions orally.


1. Do you make to-do lists?
2. How much time do you spend online?
3. Is your lifestyle healthy?
4. What is healthy lifestyle for you?
5. How often are you late for appointments?
6. How often do you stay out until late?
7. Do you go to the dentist regularly?
8. Do you save money? What for?
9. Do you plan things in advance? Is it a good practice?
V. Complete the sentences with the prepositions where necessary.

1. Do you spend a lot of time _____ your family?


2. How much time do you spend _____ surfing the internet?
3. I am not very much interested _____ computer games.
4. Future people are usually more successful _____ work and study.
5. Hurry up, I don’t want to be late _____ the train because of you.
6. Do you worry _____ the future?
7. Do you enjoy _____ listening _____ music?
8. I prefer to stay _____ on such a cold day.
9. Don’t focus _____ this question now, you will have time for it later.
10. I like doing things _____ my own.

Grammar

VI. Complete the sentences with the question words from the box.
How many How long How much How often What kind What time When
Where Who Why
1. ____________do you do exercises?
2. ____________of sport would you like to try?
3. ____________do you go to bed at weekends?
4. ____________sugar do you eat every day?
5. ____________cups of coffee do you drink every week?
6. ____________ did you learn to ride a bicycle?
7. ____________ is the most successful footballer?
8. ____________ does it take you to get to the University?
9. ____________ do you want to go today?
10. ____________ are you late for the appointment?

VII. Write questions using the words given.


1. you / do / what / do / fit / to keep
2. much time / relatives / spend / you / do / your / with
3. that topic / why / interested / you / are / in
4. now / you / busy / are
5. running / enjoy / you / do
6. like doing / do / what / you / at weekends
7. miss / most / you / do / who
8. your family / spend / much / food / on / how / does
9. is / favorite / your / what / of / kind / food
10. to get / does / here / it / long / take / you / how

Translation

VIII. Translate into English. Use your active vocabulary from ex. I for the underlined
words and word combinations.
1. Давай заранее составим список дел.
2. Как часто вы устраиваете семейные ужины?
3. По мнению социологов, успешные люди не избегают ошибок, а учатся на них.
4. У меня дружеские отношения с родителями. Мы часто болтаем по вечерам. Я
знаю, что могу рассказать им все, что происходит в моей жизни, и все, чем я
интересуюсь.
5. - Как часто у вас проходят встречи в офисе? - Каждую неделю. Мы с коллегами
обсуждаем повседневные задачи и строим планы на будущее. Но я не люблю эти
встречи и всегда опаздываю на них.
6. Не фокусируйся на сиюминутных задачах, сначала составь общий план
действий.
7. Сегодня ужасная погода. Давай останемся дома и пораньше ляжем спать.
8. Зачем ты покупаешь эту ежедневную газету? Ты интересуешься политикой?

1.2
Vocabulary

I. Study the list of the words.

1. achieve (v) – to succeed in doing or having what you planned


2. at least – at the minimum
3. beat (v) – to defeat someone in a game, competition; to do better than someone; to win
4. camping (n) – the activity of spending a holiday living in a tent
5. catch up on something (idiom) – to learn about something, usually recent news
6. chess – a game for two people, played on a chessboard, each player has 16 pieces,
including a king. The aim is to move your pieces so that to take your opponent's
king.
7. complete (v) – to finish something
8. frequency (n) – how often something happens during a definite period of time
9. frequency expressions:
10. occasionally (adv) = from time to time = every now and then = sometimes
11. rarely (adv) – not often, seldom
12. once (adv) – one time
13. twice (adv) – two times
14. go out (phrasal v) – to leave your house to go to a social event, e.g. to go out for a
dinner/a party
15. gym (n) – a club, building, or large room, where people go to do physical exercise and
get fit
16. hardly (adv) – almost not/no (e.g. He hardly ever visits us. = He almost never visits us.)
The word hardly is not related to the word hard.
17. indoors (adv) – inside a building; antonym – outdoors
18. look after (phrasal v) – to take care of something (e.g. You should look after your
health.)
19. most (determiner) – majority of something (e.g. most days)
20. nearly (adv) – almost
21. the same – identical, not different
22. talk (v) – to communicate, to have a conversation; synonym: speak. Say and tell mean
to give information or to pronounce something. Note: Say is mostly used with a clause,
e.g. She said that… Tell is usually used with personal object, e.g. She told me…

II. Fill in the gaps with do, go or play.

1. ____________ aerobics 8. ____________ swimming


2. ____________ for a walk 9. ____________ karate
3. ____________ tennis 10. ____________ exercise
4. ____________ golf 11. ____________ camping
5. ____________ yoga 12. ____________ basketball
6. ____________ out for a meal 13. ____________ to the gym
7. ____________ chess 14. ____________ aerobics
15. ____________ out for a coffee 16. ____________ abroad on holiday
III. Choose the correct option.

1. Can you tell/say me something about your last holiday?


2. I sometimes tell/speak with Simon when I see him in the office.
3. She tells/says that she knows the answer.
4. I think you should talk/say to someone who knew Tony personally.
5. Please, tell/say me the truth
6. Pleas, tell/say that it’s not true.
7. Could you tell/say me your name again?
8. When they came into the room everybody stopped telling/talking.
9. Tom tells/says he is leaving, I think you should go and tell/say him goodbye.
10. Tell/Say yes or no.

Grammar

IV. Put the frequency expressions in the correct place.

1. My friend goes running. (every day)


2. My mum doesn’t make cakes. (often)
3. Mike does exercises. (every now and then)
4. I drink coffee. (hardly ever)
5. My friend does yoga. (never)
6. Does your family visit different museums? (always)
7. I don’t go to the swimming pool. (usually)
8. Do the students go to the park? (sometimes)
9. I play football with my brother. (occasionally)
10. They do not come here. (every day)

V. Correct mistakes in each question.

1. Are we speaking about him a lot, aren’t we?


2. Has she this book?
3. Who are there with you?
4. You like oranges or bananas?
5. Who does do this work?
6. Who is this car?
7. Did he write this article, didn’t he?
8. Who with are you speaking? .
9. How did it take you to complete this task?
10. Who did say this?

VI. Ask questions to the underlined words.


11. Peter plays football with his son every weekend. (general question)
12. The Smiths went to the Maldives last summer.
13. John gets up early every day.
14. The students always work hard.
15. Luke is late because there was a traffic jam.

Translation
VII. Translate into English. Use your active vocabulary from ex. I for the underlined
words and word combinations.
1. Я занимаюсь каратэ и теннисом два раза в неделю и хожу в спортзал время от
времени, а еще я играю в шахматы.
2. - Почему ты редко ходишь с нами в походы? - Я не люблю природу, предпочитаю
проводить время в четырех стенах.
3. Я хочу выйти за кофе. Хочешь пройтись (take a walk) со мной?
4. Какие занятия на открытом воздухе предлагает ваш отель?
5. Он почти никогда не выходит из дома.
6. Он профессиональный теннисист, поэтому он почти всегда обыгрывает тебя. Не
расстраивайся, просто получай удовольствие от игры.
7. Каждый раз, когда я прихожу сюда, я испытываю одно и то же чувство.
8. Я занимаюсь боевыми искусствами (martial arts), по меньшей мере три раза в
неделю, а что делаешь ты, чтобы поддерживать себя в форме?
9. Я хочу поговорить с тобой и узнать последние семейные новости.
10. Большинство людей говорят, что о не следят за здоровьем и почти никогда не
посещают спортзал.

1.3
Vocabulary

I. Study the list of the words.


1. actually (adv) – in fact; used to indicate what is really true or really happened (e.g.
There is a big difference between saying you will do something and actually doing it)
2. event (n) – a thing that happens, especially something important
3. exhibition (n) – a public event at which pictures, sculptures, or other objects of
interest are shown, for example at a museum or art gallery
4. experience (n) – knowledge or skill from doing, seeing, or feeling things
5. film (v) – to record moving pictures with a camera
6. guess (v) – you give an answer or an opinion which may not be true because you do
not have all the facts and so cannot be certain that you are correct
7. heading (n) – a title of a text; subheading – a title that divides a text into shorter
sections
8. have a look – to look at something, usually for a short time
9. key (adj) – the most important
10. live (adj) – something that is broadcast, recorded, or seen while it is happening
11. move on (phrasal v) – to go on to a different place, subject or activity
12. poor (adj) – very bad (about quality, weather, health, etc.)
13. predict (v) – to say what will happen in the future
14. record (v) [rɪˈkɔːd] – to make an electronic copy of sounds or images; record (n)
[ˈrekɔːd] – information kept about something that has happened
15. reason for – the fact that explains why something happened
16. stage (n) – the area in a theatre where actors or singers stand on when they perform
17. terrible (adj) – very unpleasant or frightening
18. tiny (adj) – very small
19. take a photo – to photograph
20. text (n) – a short message that you send or receive on a mobile phone; text (v) – to
send a text message on the mobile phone
21. trip (n) – a journey that you make to a particular place. (e.g. to go on a trip)
22. within (prep) – inside (about objects or distances) or during (about a period of time)

II. Match the words from left and right columns to make collocations.

a photo
a record
a look
do some experience
make a dream
have a post
take a film
play a plan
write a list
a blog
a promise
yoga

III. Complete the sentences with the prepositions where necessary.

1. The whole family went _____ a trip to Brazil.


2. The police didn’t ask me the reason _____ my visit.
3. Can you catch me up _____ everything that happened here?
4. Now, we can move _____ to the next point on our list.
5. He is the best candidate because he has 10 years’ experience _____ the job.
6. Tell _____ us about your speech at the conference.
7. There are _____ least ten different sorts of fish in the menu.
8. We visited the old man _____ time _____ time when he lived here.
9. Can you look _____ my goldfish for a couple of weeks?
10. We can complete the deal _____ two days.

Grammar

IV. Write questions using the verbs from the box in the correct form.

drive found happen invent (2) live paint write (3)

Who / at 10 Downing street?


Who lives at 10 Downing street? The British Prime Minister.
2. What / Tim Berners-Lee?
____________________? The World Wide Web.
3. Who / War and Peace?
____________________? Leo Tolstoy.
4 What / J K Rowling?
____________________? The Harry Potter books.
5. What / in Rio every February or March?
____________________? The Carnival.
6. Who / the diesel engine?
____________________? Rudolf Diesel.
7. Who / the song “Yellow Submarine”?
____________________? The Beatles.
8. What / Steve Jobs?
____________________? Apple.
9. Who / Sunflowers?
____________________? Vincent Van Gogh.
10. Who / on the left side of the road?
____________________? British and Japanese people.

V. Ask questions to the underlined words.


1. The weather is terrible here.
2. We predict all changes.
3. It is an important event.
4. She wants to record a new song.
5. He goes camping every June.

Translation

VI. Translate into English. Use your active vocabulary from ex. I for the underlined words and
word combinations.
1. - У тебя есть запись того концерта? - Нет, я почти никогда не записываю концерты.
2. На этом сайте театр иногда транслирует (broadcast) представления в прямом эфире.
3. У него есть опыт съемки спортивных мероприятий?
4. Они хотят экранизировать этот ужасный рассказ.
5. Ей не нравится эта площадка (venue), она говорит, что здесь крошечная сцена и качество
звука очень низкое. Но я не согласен с ней.
6. В пределах нашего выставочного комплекса мы можем разместить (размещать – place) до
(up to) пяти выставок одновременно.
7. Что является самым главным элементом любого успешного мероприятия?
8. Давай перейдем к следующему вопросу. Ты пишешь посты о повседневной жизни чаще
чем о каком-то уникальном опыте?
9. Прочтите заглавие текста и попытайтесь догадаться о его содержании.
10. Наш огромный опыт позволяет нам предсказывать многие экономические события в
пределах нескольких месяцев или даже года.
1.4 – 1.5

Vocabulary

I. Study the list of the words.


1. damp (adj) – slightly wet
2. humid (adj) – about weather: wet and hot
3. extremely (adv) – very
4. light (adj) – not great or serious
5. mild (adj) – about weather: not very cold or not as cold as usual
6. snowfall (n) – a period of time when it snows
7. heavy (adj) – about rain: worse than usual
8. shower (n) – a short period of rain
9. thunderstorm (n) – a storm with thunder and lightning and usually heavy rain
10. thunder (n) – loud noise that you hear from the sky during a storm
11. lightning (n) – a flash of light in the sky which is produced by electricity moving
between clouds or from clouds to the ground
12. below (prep) – under or less than (e.g.: ten degrees below zero = minus ten degrees)
13. above (prep) – higher or more (e.g.: ten degrees above zero)
14. nasty (adj) – bad or very unpleasant
15. be keen on something = be into something – to be interested in something
16. mind (v) – to worry, object or to be upset, e.g.: I don't mind the rain’ = It’s OK for me;
mind is used in questions to ask permission e.g.: Do you mind if I turn on the radio?
17. prefer something/doing something – to like somebody or something more than another
person or thing (e.g. I prefer surfing to swimming = I like surfing more than
swimming.)
18. stand (v) – to accept something especially unpleasant, e.g.: I can’t stand that smell = I
hate that smell.
19. be popular with someone – be liked or enjoyed by someone
20. crowd (n) – a large group of people
21. facility (n) – buildings, services, equipment, etc. for a definite purpose (e.g. sports
facilities, banking facilities, etc.)
22. distance (n) – the length of the space between two points
23. peak (n) – a top of a mountain
24. rapid (n) – a fast-flowing and turbulent part of a river; rapid (adj) - quick
25. slope (n) – a piece of ground that has one end higher than the other.
26. hike (n) – a long walk or walking tour, hike (v), – to hike up the volcano, hike down the
slope
27. climb (v) – to go up, or to go to the top of something (e.g. mountain); climbing (n) -
the sport of climbing rocks or mountains
28. sailing (n) – activity or sport of sailing boats
29. waterskiing (n) – a sport in which you are pulled along the surface of the water by
a boat, while you are balancing on a pair of skis
30. scuba-diving (n) – is the activity of swimming underwater using special equipment
31. kayaking (n) – the activity or sport of travelling in a kayak
32. fishing (n) – activity of catching fish

II. Choose the correct word.


1. There was a bit of sunshine between the showers/lightning.
2. Do you like watching the lightning/thunder when it’s stormy?
3. Humid weather is very pleasant/uncomfortable.
4. The air in the Sahara Desert is dry/humid, and it’ very hot/cool at midday.
5. Showers usually last a few days/minutes.
6. In cold, wet weather your clothes get damp/humid.
7. We had a heavy wind/rain yesterday.

III. Write as many sentences as possible using words from each column.
It’s not really interested snowboarding.
I really into city.
I’m doesn’t mind film is ‘The Avengers’.
They are favorite watching TV.
She a terrible in politics.
He hate on sailing?
My sister prefers reading fishing.
Are you keen summer.
He is can’t stand to writing.

IV. Fill in the gaps with the prepositions where necessary.


1. I am keen ___parachuting. I joined the parachuting club 2 years ago.
2. She is very interested ___ scuba diving. - So am I!
3. I want to live some time ___ my own.
4. Jack is really ___ waterskiing. He has made some progress.
5. My elder brother prefers fishing ___ any other sports.
6. How much do you usually spend _____ eating out?
7. Water boils ___ 100 degrees centigrade.
8. Climbing is popular _____ your students.
9. I come here twice _____ a week.
10. The average winter temperature here is 10 degrees ___zero.

Grammar

V. Ask questions to the underlined words.


1. He needs our help.
2. I have two tickets for the exhibition.
3. I’m ready for the conversation.
4. Let’s go out for lunch. (tag question)
5. This place is popular with students.
6. It rains sometimes.
7. The climate is humid here in summer.
8. I’m really into surfing. (general question)
9. They usually organise that sort of events.
10. I am smart. (tag question)

Translation

VI. Translate into English. Use your active vocabulary from ex. I for the underlined words and
word combinations.
1. Я не очень люблю грозы, но я часто снимаю на видео и фотографирую молнии.
2. Такая противная жаркая и влажная погода типична для этого региона?
3. Климат здесь умеренный, никогда не бывает слишком холодно или жарко.
4. Он ненавидит сидеть дома, а все его любимые занятия связаны с водой: он обожает водные
лыжи и подводное плавание.
5. Осенью здесь становится холоднее, часто идут короткие дожди. По ночам температура
падает до -1. Но я не против такой погоды, и толпы туристов редеют (thin out).
6. Терпеть не могу зиму, даже умеренную. Здесь на Атлантическом побережье снегопады
чрезвычайно редки, но погода очень неприятная: постоянно идут дожди и время от
времени дуют холодные ветры.
7. Этот пеший тур очень популярен среди наших туристов. Вы увидите несколько горных рек
с множеством порогов, живописные (picturesque) склоны и снежные пики Анд.
8. Все спортивные объекты находятся на небольшом расстоянии от главного здания.
9. - Снегопады тут часты? – Нет, здесь снег идет редко, один-два раза за сезон, а в горах снег
идет почти каждый день.
10. Давайте поднимемся по этому склону, а?