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# Worksheet Impedance Scaling

## Z new (s)  K m Zold (s) .

(b) Z new (s)  K m Zold (s) is achieved by impedance scaling the individual circuit

1 Km 1
elements by K m : Rnew  K m Rold ,   , and Lnew s  (K m Lold )s .
Cnew s Cold s Cold
s
Km

## 3. Consider the series RLC circuit below.

s2 Ê Ês  Ê
(a) Zin (s)  ÊÊ
___________________
Ês

## (b) Impedance scale each circuit element by K m . Then

s2 Ê Ês  Ê
Zin,new (s) ÊÊÊ ÊÊÊÊÊ  Zold (s)
___________________
Ês

## (c) Compute Transfer function without impedance scaling:

Vout (s)
H (s)  
Vin (s)
ÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊ__________________________________

## (d) Compute Transfer function with impedance scaling:

Vout (s)
H new (s)    H old (s)
Vin (s) ________________________________

## Worksheet on Frequency Scaling

s
1. (a) Frequency scaling by a factor K f : s  .
Kf

s
2. s  achieved by frequency scaling each of the circuit elements:
Kf

1
(a) If ZC (s)  then frequency scaling by K f means:
Cs

 s 
ZC ,new (s)  ZC ,old   implies Cnew  _________ Cold .
 Kf 

## (b) If Z L (s)  Ls then frequency scaling by K f means:

 s 
Z L,new (s)  Z L,old   implies Lnew  _________ Lold .
 f
K

## (c) If Z R (s)  R then frequency scaling by K f means:

 s 
Z R,new (s)  Z R,old   means Rnew  _________ Rold .
 f
K

## 3. Consider the series RLC circuit below.

s2 Ê Ês  Ê
(a) Zin (s)  ÊÊ
___________________
Ês

(b) Frequency scale each circuit element by K f . Then using the frequency scaled

## parameter values to obtain:

2
 s   s 
s Ê
2
Ês  Ê   Ê Ê   Ê
 ÊÊÊÊ  ÊÊÊÊ
Zin (s) ÊÊ ÊÊ
 s 
Ês Ê 
 ÊÊÊÊ

## (c) Without any scaling

Vout (s)
H (s)  
Vin (s)
ÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊ__________________________________

## (d) With individual element frequency scaling

Vout (s)
H new (s)  
Vin (s)
ÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊ________________________________

s
(e) With frequency scaling by s 
Kf

 s 
H new (s)  H old  
 Kf 
ÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊ________________________________

## For each question below, write down the "correct" answer.

1
1. If ZC (s)  then frequency scaling by K f and magnitude scaling by K m means
Cs
that Cnew  _________ Cold .

_______________