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Foundations for Peace

Challenges and approaches

Lecture 4
Monday January 24 2011

PEACE ST 1A03: Introduction to Peace Studies


Dr Colin Salter, Centre for Peace Studies, McMaster University

1
Outline

• Root causes of injustice


• Differing perspectives on peace and justice
• Differing approaches to peace and justice

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Questions

• What are the cornerstones of peace?


• Is there a diversity or disparity of views on what
these cornerstones are?
• How can we work towards implementing these?

3
Speciesism and racism are both forms of prejudice that
are based on appearances—if the other individual looks
different [s]he is rated as being beyond the moral
pale... both forms of prejudice show a selfish disregard
for the interests of others, and for their sufferings.

Richard Ryder (1970) in David Nibert (2002)

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Whaling

• World-wide
moratorium in 1986
• How does Japan
continue to ‘legally’
catch whales
• Contentious

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Economic Disparity

• 30% of working families incomes below


subsistence level
• Figures for CEO compared to average wage:

- In 1970, 70:1

- In 1992 115:1
- In 2000, 450:1

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Summary

• Dehumanisation • Approaches
• Implications & • Foundations.
challenges

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Citations & further reading
The Colbert Report [TV Show], January 18, 2011. Comedy Central

Deb Ellis & Denis Mueller (2004) Howard Zinn: You Can't Be Neutral on a Moving Train
[DVD], First Run Features.

Meredith Forte, Mary Anne Mercer, & Oscar Gish (2004) Sickness and Wealth: The
Corporate Assault on Global Health, Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Alan Moore (1988) V for Vendetta [Graphic Novel] DC Comics.

James McTeigue (2006) V for Vendetta [DVD], Warner Home Video.

The Big Picture: The Human Behaviour Experiments [TV Show], September 13,
2006. CBC

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Image sources
Peace flag, original source unknown.

Marc Riboud. Jan Rose Kasmir, protest against the Vietnam War outside the Pentagon, Arlington County,
Virginia, Saturday, 21 October 21, 1967 — http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Rose_Kasmir

Elisa Iannacone. As leaders of the G20 nations gathered in Toronto, Canada, protesters took to the streets
[caption]. ‘G20 summit protests in Toronto :Your pictures’, BBC News, 27 June 2010 — http:// www.bbc.co.uk/
news/10427404

‘The U.S. vs. John Lennon’ reproduced from Jürgen Fauth’s Muckworld — http://jurgenfauth.com/2007/02/14/the-
us-vs-john-lennon/

Iceberg from Media for Peacebuilding — http://mediaforpeacebuilding.com/peace-media-2/1-peace-conflict-


theory/

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