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Foundations for Peace

Challenges and approaches

Lecture 4
Monday January 24 2011

PEACE ST 1A03: Introduction to Peace Studies

Dr Colin Salter, Centre for Peace Studies, McMaster University


• Root causes of injustice

• Differing perspectives on peace and justice
• Differing approaches to peace and justice


• What are the cornerstones of peace?

• Is there a diversity or disparity of views on what
these cornerstones are?
• How can we work towards implementing these?

Speciesism and racism are both forms of prejudice that
are based on appearances—if the other individual looks
different [s]he is rated as being beyond the moral
pale... both forms of prejudice show a selfish disregard
for the interests of others, and for their sufferings.

Richard Ryder (1970) in David Nibert (2002)


• World-wide
moratorium in 1986
• How does Japan
continue to ‘legally’
catch whales
• Contentious

Economic Disparity

• 30% of working families incomes below

subsistence level
• Figures for CEO compared to average wage:

- In 1970, 70:1

- In 1992 115:1
- In 2000, 450:1


• Dehumanisation • Approaches
• Implications & • Foundations.

Citations & further reading
The Colbert Report [TV Show], January 18, 2011. Comedy Central

Deb Ellis & Denis Mueller (2004) Howard Zinn: You Can't Be Neutral on a Moving Train
[DVD], First Run Features.

Meredith Forte, Mary Anne Mercer, & Oscar Gish (2004) Sickness and Wealth: The
Corporate Assault on Global Health, Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Alan Moore (1988) V for Vendetta [Graphic Novel] DC Comics.

James McTeigue (2006) V for Vendetta [DVD], Warner Home Video.

The Big Picture: The Human Behaviour Experiments [TV Show], September 13,
2006. CBC

Image sources
Peace flag, original source unknown.

Marc Riboud. Jan Rose Kasmir, protest against the Vietnam War outside the Pentagon, Arlington County,
Virginia, Saturday, 21 October 21, 1967 — http://

Elisa Iannacone. As leaders of the G20 nations gathered in Toronto, Canada, protesters took to the streets
[caption]. ‘G20 summit protests in Toronto :Your pictures’, BBC News, 27 June 2010 — http://

‘The U.S. vs. John Lennon’ reproduced from Jürgen Fauth’s Muckworld —

Iceberg from Media for Peacebuilding —


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