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Rome and Christianity

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1. What is the name of the river on which Rome was founded?


Forum Rubicon Romulus Tiber

2. The Romans adopted the gods of the _____________ but gave them Roman names.
Greeks Etruscans Latins Greeks

3. Rome's first written laws were called the


Consuls. Triumvirates. Twelve Tables. Gravitas.

4. Which of these occurred FIRST in Roman history?


Punic Wars sole rule by Augustus
settlement by the Etruscans dictatorship of Julius Caesar

5. A Northern African city that fought three wars against Rome was named
Spartacus. Carthage. Rubicon. Punic.

6. During the early years of the Roman Republic, which two groups fought for power in the Roman government?
Greeks and Etruscans plebians and patricians
tribunes and consuls dictators and senators

7. What was the name of the general who invaded Italy in 218 B.C. with an army of 60 elephants?
Hannibal Sulla Caesar Tiberius

8. The brothers who attempted to reform Rome's government were named


Romulus and Remus. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus.
Brutus and Cassius. Scipio Africanus and Scipio Aemilianus.

9. What Roman leader was appointed dictator in 44 BC and assassinated the same year?
Brutus Caesar Octavian Sulla

10. The first Roman to rule the Roman state as an empire, not a republic, was
Marc Antony. Brutus. Octavian. Tiberius.

11. What new building material did the Romans discover?


bricks iron concrete marble

12. The name of the first Roman emperor, who ruled from 27 B.C. to A.D. 14 was
Tiberius. Julian. Augustus. Epicurus.

13. The epic poem called the Aeneid was written by the Roman poet
Virgil. Tiberius. Livy. Epicurus.

14. Which of the events occurred LAST in Roman history?


death of Augustus reforms of Diocletian
birth of Jesus rule of the Five Good Emperors

15. The city that Constantine selected to be the new capital of the Roman Empire was
Praetoria. Athens. Jerusalem. Byzantium.

16. The emperor who divided the Roman empire into an eastern and a western part, each with its own emperor was
Caesar. Augustus. Diocletian. Constantine.

17. The emperor who ended the persecution of the Christians in A.D. 313 was
Augustus. Diocletian. Constantine. Epicurus.

18. The peoples who overran Italy and Rome spoke ______________ languages.
Germanic French Italian Latin

19. In the early part of the Roman Republic, which was the only group that could command armies, serve as priests, or high political offices?
mercenaries plebians patricians tribunes

20. Which of these events occurred last in Roman history?


Augustus ruled Rome. Hannibal invaded Italy.
Greece was conquered. Tiberius Gracchus was assassinated.

21. The Roman government in which the voting citizens chose their leaders is called a(n)
republic. aristocracy. tyranny. democracy.

22. The Punic Wars were fought between Rome and


Alexandria. the Gauls. the Greeks. Carthage.

23. Hannibal's strategy for defeating Rome was to


defeat the Roman navy. invade Italy by sea.
invade Italy by crossing the Alps. fight the Roman army in Africa.

24. The period of peace that lasted from Augustus's reign until A.D. 180 is known as the
civis Romanus. Second Triumviriate.
Pax Romana. latifundia.

25. One major weakness of Rome's imperial government was the problem of
replacing the Julian emperors. collecting taxes.
selsecting a new person to become emperor. controlling the army.

26. The lifestyle of wealthy Romans was noted for its emphasis on
public service. simplicity and moderation.
extravagance and luxury. concern for the proletariat.

27. Which of the following best describes the government of the Roman republic
All Roman citizens could vote.
Rule was orderly and peaceful.
The idea of a king was popular.
Citizens with the right to vote chose the leaders.

28. To gain political power, Julius Caesar used all the following EXCEPT
becoming popular with the Romans. leading the Roman army in Gaul.
ruling Rome in the First Triumvirate. declaring himself emperor.

29. The achievements of Augustus included all of the following EXCEPT


building a system of roads. solving the succession problem.
creating a long-lasting system of government. setting up a civil service.

30. The effect of Constantine's moving his capital was


to unite the eastern and western empires.
to weaken the ruler of the western part of the empire.
to strengthen the eastern empire.
to make the new campital the head of the Christian Church.

31. In A.D. 455, Rome was completely ransacked by the


Vandals. Visigoths. Huns. Byzantines.

32. During the Pax Romana, Romans did all of the following EXCEPT
build the Colisseum and Circus Maximus.
trade with distant places such as China and Britain.
build a series of stone water channels called aqueducts.
adopt a new calendar based on the Egyptian year of 365 1/4 days.

33. In 53 B.C., Julius Caesar began a civil war by


crossing the Alps with troops and elephants. leading his troops across the Rubicon River.
adopting the Julian calendar. driving Pompey out of Italy.

34. In 60 B.C., Caesar, Pompey, and Crasus formed a governing group called
a trimvirate. the Republic. the Dictatorship. a legion.

35. In 451 B.C., the patricians finally


put Roman law into writing.
eliminated the Assembly of Tribes.
eliminated the Assembly of Centuries.
allowed intermarriage between plebians and Etruscans.

36. The first emperor of Rome took the title


Julius Caesar. Proconsul. Claudius. Augustus.

37. More than 150,000 spectators could watch charioteers race in


the Colisseum. the Forum.
the Circus Maximus. the Pantheon.

38. The Roman Empire came to an end in the late


A.D.100s. A.D.300s. A.D.400s. A.D.700s.

39. In 32 B.C., Octavian became Rome's undisputed leader only after the
suicides of Antony and Cleopatra. assassination of Julius Caesar.
defeat of Pompey's armies. death of Romulus and Remus.

40. When was a dictator chosen to rule in the Roman Republic?


during the event of war when the plebians rioted
at all times when the senate disbanded

41. Which statement DOES NOT describe how Romans treated the people it conquered?
Some were granted full citizenship.
They were often allowed to keep their own customs and local government.
They were forced to pay taxes and acknowledge Roman citizenship.
All conquered people were sold into slavery.

42. Which of the following in not one of the common basic principles of law developed by the Romans?
The accused should be allowed to face his accuser.
A person must be tried before a jury of peers.
People of the same status are equal before the law.
An accused person is innocent until proven guilty.

43. The fall of Rome was


a rapid, cataclysmic event.
due entirely to military failures.
not a singular event, but a long process of change.
the end of Roman civiliation.

44. In Roman government, who represented the rights of the plebians?


senators patricians tribunes consuls

45. The Pax Romana ended in A.D. 180, after the death of
Julius Caesar. Constantine. Diocletian. Marcus Aurelius.

46. Roman art and literature blended Roman civilization with that of
Gaul. Aisa Minor. Carthage. Greece.

47. Which of the following was not related to the fall of Rome
Germanic invasions the assassination of Julius Caesar
corrupt officials heavy taxes

48. Who tried to restore order to the Roman empire?


Caligula and Nero Attila and Odoacer
Diocletian and Constantine Hannibal and Marc Antony

49. What failure on the part of Augustus Caesar created problems for the empire?
He did not devise a law for selecting later emperors.
He did not select someone to become emperor after his death.
He did not require people in the provinces to pay taxes.
He did not pay attention to conditions in the provinces.

50. Which list below includes only languages that are based on Latin?
Italian, Greek, Spanish, Turkish Italian, French, Spanish, Greek
Italian, French, German, English Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese

Jesus and Chritianity


51. Which of the following statements generally describes Rome's attitude toward the Jews of Palestine?
Romans tolerated the Jews' relgion.
Romans forced the Jews to convert to Christianity.
Romans insisted that Jews worship Roman gods.
Romans forbade Jews to worship.

52. The apostle who did the most to spread the teachings of Jesus was
Zeno. Pilate. Julian. Paul.

53. The disciple who acted as first bishop of Rome was


Peter. Pilate. Tacitus. Paul.

54. Which of the following statements is NOT true of Jesus' beliefs?


His teachings contained many ideas from Jewish tradition.
He stressed the principles of the Ten Commandments.
He believed that people should treat others as they themselves wished to be treated.
He worshipped Greek and Roman gods.

55. Christians stirred Roman opposition in all of the following ways EXCEPT by
refusing to honor the emperor as a god.
refusing to serve in the military.
rejecting the Roman belief in a messiah.
a regarding their religion as the only true faith.

56. The chief work of the apostle Paul was


to resist Roman rule in Judea.
to spread Christianity in the eastern Roman empire.
to aid Jews against Roman rule.
to establish Christianity in Rome.

57. Christos was the Greek word for


messiah. rebel. religion. Jews.

58. What, according to Jesus, was his mission?


to start a new religion
to spread Judaism throughout the world
to bring salvation and eternal life to anyone who believed in him
to lead a revolt against the Roman empire

59. Christianity was adopted as the official religion of the Roman Empire by
Theodosius. Constantine. Claudius. Augustine.

60. How did Christianity grow from a sect of Judaism into a world religion?
Emperor Nero mandated that all citizens become Christians.
All Jews adopted the new religion, converting to Christianity.
Jesus traveled to Mesopotamia to Rome spreading Christianity.
Chritianity spread through the work of missionaries like Paul.

61. What was the Roman attitude toward Christianity before the A.D. 300s?
They ignored the Christians. They tolerated Christianity.
They embraced Christianity. They persecuted Christians.

62. The writings of Paul and other early Christians are collected in
the Talmud. the New Testament.
the Torah. Meditations.

63. Which of the following was not a role women played in the spread of Christianity?
They served as teachers. They supported Christian communities.
They became Church officials. They won converts to Christianity.

64. What ended the persecution of Christians?


the New Testament. the collapse of the Roman empire.
Constantine's Edict of Milan. the spread of Roman civilization.

65. All of the following can be said of Jesus EXCEPT that he


used parables and symbolic stories. was arrested as a political rebel.
excited controversy among Jews. was singled out for an unusual form of execution.

66. Constantine did all of the following EXCEPT


defend the right of everyone in his empire to worship freely.
make Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire.
credit the Christian God with bringing him victory in battle.
order churches built in Rome and Jerusalem.

67. What ended the persecution of Christians?


the New Testament. the collapse of the Roman empire.
Constantine's Edict of Milan. the spread of Roman civilization.

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