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TAMBULIG NHS – LOWER TIPARAK ANNEX SCORE

4th Grading Examination :


CORE SUBJECT: Statistics and Probability ____
40

Family Name, Given Name Middle Name Learner Reference Number (LRN)
Technical – Vocational – Livelihood (TVL) FOOD ( FISH ) PROCESSING
Track and Strand Specialization
I. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Shade the circle that correspond the letter of your answer.

1. Which of these values is a parameter?


A) X́
B) X
C) μ
D) z
2. The portion of the universe that has been selected for analysis is called a
A) sample
B) population
C) parameter
D) statistic

For numbers 3 to 6, identify the figure that represents the following estimators based on their
accuracy and precision.

Choices for numbers 3 to 6:

A) B)

C) D)

3. It is the estimator that is precise but not accurate. D


4. It is the estimator that is accurate but not precise. B
5. It is the estimator that is both accurate and precise. A
6. It is the estimator that is neither accurate nor precise. C

For numbers 7 to 8, refer to the situation below.

The school principal wants to test if it is true what teachers say – that high school juniors use the
computer an average 3.2 hours a day.

7. What is the null hypothesis (H0) based on the given situation?


A) The high school juniors use the computer for 3.2 hours a day.
B) The high school juniors use the computer for not equal to 3.2 hours a day.
C) The high school juniors use the computer for less than 3.2 hours a day.

D) The high school juniors use the computer for greater than 3.2 hours a day
8. What is the alternative hypothesis (Ha) based on the given situation?
A) The high school juniors use the computer for 3.2 hours a day.
B) The high school juniors use the computer for not equal to 3.2 hours a day.
C) The high school juniors use the computer for less than 3.2 hours a day.

D) The high school juniors use the computer for greater than 3.2 hours a day

For numbers 9 to 10, refer to the situation below.


At the Chrysler manufacturing plant, there is a part that is supposed to weigh precisely
19 pounds. The engineers take a sample of parts and want to know if they meet the weight
specifications.

9. What should be the null hypothesis (H0) based on the given situation?
A) H0: μ = 19
B) H0: μ < 19
C) H0: μ > 19
D) H0: μ ≠ 19
10. What should be the alternative hypothesis (Ha) based on the given situation?
A) H0: μ = 19
B) H0: μ < 19
C) H0: μ > 19
D) H0: μ ≠ 19

11. When does a Type I error occur?


A) It occurs when the null hypothesis is wrongly rejected.
B) It occurs when the null hypothesis is wrongly accepted.
C) It occurs when the null hypothesis is not accepted when it is in fact false.

D) It occurs when the null hypothesis is not rejected when it is in fact false.
12. In hypothesis testing, a Type 2 error occurs when
A) The null hypothesis is not rejected when the null hypothesis is true.
B) The null hypothesis is rejected when the null hypothesis is true.
C) The null hypothesis is not rejected when the alternative hypothesis is true.

D) The null hypothesis is rejected when the alternative hypothesis is true.


13. Which of the following is the CORRECT pair of null and alternate hypotheses?
A) H0: p = 0.50; Ha: p > 0
B) H0: p = 0.65; Ha: p ≥ 0.65
C) H0: μ = 54; Ha: μ < 54
D) H0: p < 0.30 ; Ha: p = 0.30
14. A randomly selected sample of 1,000 college students was asked whether they had ever used
marijuana. Sixteen percent (16% or 0.16) of the 1,000 students surveyed said they had.
Which one of the following statements about the number 0.16 is correct?
A) It is a population proportion.
B) It is a sample proportion.
C) It is a margin of error.
D) It is a randomly chosen number.
15. Null and alternative hypotheses are statements about:
A) population parameters.
B) sample parameters.
C) sample statistics.
D) sometimes population parameters and sometimes sample statistics.
16. For a random sample of 9 women, the average resting pulse rate is x= 76 beats per minute, and the
sample standard deviation is s = 5. What is the standard error of the sample mean?
A) 0.557
B) 0.745
C) 1.667
D) 2.778
17. Which of the following would be an appropriate null hypothesis?
A) The mean of a population is equal to 50.
B) The mean of a sample is equal to 50.
C) The mean of a population is less than 50.
D) The mean of a population is greater than 50.
18. Which of the following would be an appropriate alternative hypothesis?
A) The mean of a population is equal to 50.
B) The mean of a sample is equal to 50.
C) The mean of a population is less than 50.
D) The mean of a population is greater than 50.

For numbers 19 to 21, refer to the situation below.


A company that manufactures electronic calculators uses a certain type of plastic. An
alternative plastic material is introduced in the market and the manager of the company is thinking of
shifting to this material. He will decide to shift if the mean breaking strength of the new material is
greater than 155. It is known that the breaking strengths of the new plastic material follow the normal
distribution and have a standard deviation of 10 psi (pounds per square inch). Six samples of the
new plastic materials were randomly selected and their breaking strengths were determined. The
data obtained were 156, 154, 168, 157, 160 and 158.

19. What is the estimated value of the parameter based on the situation?
A) 6
B) 10
C) 100
D) 155
20. What is true mean breaking strength of the new plastic material?
A) 158.33 psi
B) 158.38 psi
C) 158.83 psi
D) 158.88 psi
21. What is the measure of precision of this estimate?
A) 4.02 psi
B) 4.04 psi
C) 4.06 psi
D) 4.08 psi

For numbers 22 to 24, refer to the situation below.


Assume the cholesterol levels in a certain population have mean μ= 200 and standard deviation
σ = 24. The cholesterol levels for a random sample of n = 9 individuals are measured and the sample
mean X́ is determined. The sample mean X́ = 180.

22. What is the estimated value of the parameter based on the situation?
A) 9
B) 24
C) 180
D) 200
23. What is the standard error or measure of the precision of this estimate?
A) 6
B) 7
C) 8
D) 9
24. What is the z-score of this given problem?
A) – 3.75
B) – 2.5
C) – 0.83
D) 2.50
25. The universe or "totality of items or things" under consideration is called a
A) sample
B) population
C) parameter
D) statistic
26. The portion of the universe that has been selected for analysis is called a
A) sample
B) population
C) parameter
D) statistic
27. It is a very informative tool for determining the association between two variables.
A) correlation
B) regression
C) scatterplot
D) coefficient
28. It is a unit-free measure of linear association between two variables.
A) correlation
B) regression
C) scatterplot
D) coefficient

29. Ms. Ochoa recorded the age and shoe size of each student in her Physical Education class. The
graph below shows her data.

Which of the following statements about the graph is true?


A) The graph shows a positive trend.
B) The graph shows a negative trend.
C) The graph shows a constant trend.
D) The graph shows no trend.

30. Which graphical presentations is an example of a scatter plot?

A) B)

C) D)
31. The graph shown below shows the relationship between average heart rate (in beats per minute) of
several mammal species and their life expectancy (in years).

What is the best description of this relationship?


A) positive linear correlation
B) negative linear correlation
C) no correlation
D) nonlinear regression

32. Aubree wanted to see if there is a connection between the time a given exam takes place and the
average score of this exam. She collected data about all the exams from the previous year
and arranged the average scores of the exams according to the period they took place, as shown
below.

What is the best description of this relationship?


A) positive linear correlation
B) negative linear correlation
C) no correlation
D) nonlinear regression

For numbers 33 – 40, construct a scatter plot then identify its bivariate relationships in terms of its
form, direction, or strength.

A. Maxwell measured the height and petal length (in centimeters) of all the flowers in his garden.

2 1 1
Height (cm) 30 35 40
0 5 0

Petal
3 2 3 4 2 5
length (cm)

33 – 34. Plot the data in scatter plot.

35 – 36. Form: ________________________

37 – 38. Direction: ________________________

39 – 40. Strength: ________________________


GOOD LUCK!  Sir REYGIE L. FABRIGA