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Alemite Oil Mist

Application Manual
Oil Mist Application 1

Introduction particles. This mist is then thrust against a baffle that collects
and drops larger particles back into the reservoir. The
The Oil Mist principle was developed in the late 1930’s by a
lighter, airborne particles are then carried by the air stream
European bearing manufacturer. The problem that nurtured
through the distribution system to the various points of
this development was the inability to satisfactorily lubricate
application.
high-speed spindle bearings on grinders and similar
equipment. The speeds of those bearings were too high for
The efficiency of an Oil Mist System is dependent upon
grease lubrication, and the heat generated by fluid friction in
various designed lubrication fittings that serve as contact
liquid oil necessitated the use of costly re-circulating
points to the parts to be lubricated. These fittings serve two
systems. Continuous thin-film lubrication with Oil Mist
functions. They maintain balanced pressure in the system
provided a solution, and the purging of bearing housings that
preventing over or under lubrication of a bearing. They
accompanies this lubrication produced additional benefits.
regulate the amount of mist through the fitting orifices into the
bearings being lubricated.
Stewart-Warner Corporation purchased the rights to Oil Mist
in 1949. Since then, the Alemite Corporation has developed
a broad line of equipment and application techniques to
lubricate all kinds of machine elements, from the tiny, ultra-
high-speed parts of dentists’ drills to the huge gears and
bearings of steel rolling mills. With modern demands for
more and more complex machines running at higher and
higher speeds, and for greater reliability and economy, the
list of applications for Alemite Oil Mist Systems grows longer
and longer.

What it does
Oil Mist lubrication is an automatic, centralized system that
CONTINUOUSLY delivers fresh, clean oil to multiple, and
often widespread, machine elements. There are numerous
advantages to Oil Mist, in addition to the improvements in
safety, productivity, housekeeping, and lubrication that are
achieved by automatic centralized systems in general.

Continuous delivery, at rates closely approximating actual


bearing-surface needs, eliminates the overlubrication that is
necessary to insure adequate supply between periodic
applications. LUBRICANT CONSUMPTION can often be
reduced by as much as 80%.

In many cases, continuous lubricant delivery by Oil Mist


permits elimination of energy-wasting oil sumps. Reductions How to apply it
in POWER consumption of more than 25% are common. BASIC STEPS TO DESIGN AN ALEMITE
BEARING TEMPERATURES are often lowered dramatically,
not by actual cooling, but because most of the power OIL MIST SYSTEM
consumption reduction represents heat that is not generated 1. DESCRIBE each element to be lubricated and
in churning excess lubricant. CALCULATE its Oil Mist flow requirement in CUBIC FEET
PER MINUTE (CFM).
Pressurization of housings, with continuous outward air flow,
2. Select APPLICATION FITTING TYPES and determine
extends MACHINE LIFE by helping to exclude dirt and
their PLACEMENT and VENTING provisions.
corrosive atmospheres. Oil Mist is even used to protect
equipment on standby and in storage. 3. Select the DESIGN MANIFOLD PRESSURE (DMP).
4. Determine FITTINGS SIZES.
How it does it 5. Select an appropriate Oil Mist GENERATOR.
The heart of the system is the mist generator. Air from
6. ROUTE and SIZE air and mist distribution PIPING.
normal factory air supply passes over a venturi inside the
generator, which accelerates the flow. This creates low 7. Select FITTNGS CONFIGURATIONS that will be most
pressure and high velocity at the venturi discharge. As air convenient to install and connect to distribution system.
passes through the venturi it draws oil from the generator 8. Select ACCESSORIES.
reservoir into the high velocity air stream. The combination
9. Plan ELECTRICAL CIRCUITRY.
of low pressure and high impact explodes the oil into tiny
2 Oil Mist Application
FITTING DISCHARGE DIRECTION
Details of basic steps - SPRAY and CONDENSING FITTINGS work most efficiently
when discharging downward. However, discharge may be in
General: any direction BETWEEN DOWNWARD AND HORIZONTAL.

For all Systems SPRAY FITTINGS may also be installed to discharge


UPWARD, in which case the CALCULATED CFM used to
1. The DESCRIPTIONS required to CALCULATE the mist select fittings sizes should be DOUBLED.
requirements of machine elements include type of element, Spray discharge should be approximately perpendicular to
dimensions, and various details of installation and the direction of motion of the sprayed surface.
operation. This information is used in simple formulas to MIST FITTINGS may be installed to discharge in any
calculate cfm of mist required. The formulas are based on direction.
the design standard oil/air ratio of 0.4 cubic inch (0.22
ounce) per hour per cfm. They assume that the elements VENTING
to be lubricated were properly selected for the intended VENTING must be provided for the escape of carrier air from
service and properly assembled and protected from closed housings.
contamination. They also assume the use of an oil with the MINIMUM VENT AREA is equal to twice the total flow area of
proper misting and lubricating qualities for the intended the application fittings supplying flow to that vent. Vent areas
application. (FORMULAS and other considerations for of this size will produce housing back pressures equal to
applying Oil Mist to SPECIFIC TYPES OF MACHINE about 20% of manifold pressure.
ELEMENTS are given in a later part of this manual:
PAGES 6-10.) Wherever possible, relative POSITIONS of VENTS,
APPLICATION FITTINGS, and LUBRICATED ELEMENTS
2.APPLICATION FITTING TYPES should produce forced flow from application fittings to
FITTING SELECTIONS are primarily based on the types of lubricated surfaces.
elements to be lubricated, but are often influenced by other
VENTING can be by means of approximately located
factors, such as machine configuration or speed. In
DRILLED HOLES or, frequently, by existing ports in the
general, use SPRAY FITTINGS and SPRAY NOZZLES for
housing. LABYRINTH SEALS will usually provide adequate
ROLLING MOTION elements, such as anti-friction
venting, although a small one might have insufficient
bearings, gears and chains. (SPRAY NOZZLES are just
clearances for this purpose, and require the addition of a
multiples of the largest Alemite spray fitting.)
drilled hole. CONTACT SEALS can be notched to provide
CONDENSING FITTINGS or SPRAY FITTINGS are used
venting, but this is not recommended because of the
for SLIDING MOTION elements, such as plain bearings,
likelihood that notching will not be provided when seals are
slides, and ways. MIST FITTINGS are used only for rolling
replaced.
element bearings operating in closed housings, under
particular types of loading, and above a minimum speed. VENT PORTS can often serve as OIL OVERFLOW OR
DRAIN ports. In an oil-sump application the vent can be
FITTINGS PLACEMENT placed just above the normal sump oil level to provide an
PLACE SPRAY FITTINGS to discharge close to the overflow path for any excess oil delivered by the Oil Mist
lubricated elements, preferably less than one inch away. system. Such vents should be located so that liquid oil will
not splash out through the port. For a dry-sump application
REMOTE POSITIONING of spray fittings is permissible if
the vent can be placed at the bottom of the housing to drain
their outputs are ducted to and flow through the lubricated
all liquids.
elements because of relative positions of fittings and vents,
and if passages downstream from the fittings are horizontal VENTS should generally be PROTECTED from outside
or sloped downward toward the elements. contaminants. Holes in the sides of housings should slope
downward to the outside. Vent ports in the tops of housings
TO SPRAY DIRECTLY on elements moving at speeds up
should have shielded vent fittings installed.
to about 1600 linear feet per minute, keep spacing between
spray fittings and moving surfaces under 1/20 inch per inch 3. DESIGN MANIFOLD PRESSURE (DMP) is the pressure
water column manifold pressure. At higher speeds, install drop across the application fittings at which the fittings sizes
spray fittings 1/8 to 1/4 inch from the moving surfaces and are selected. It is the intended output pressure of the Oil Mist
use higher mist pressures-40 in. H20 above 2000 lfm and generator. The ALEMITE STANDARD DMP IS 20 INCHES
up to 80 in. H20 at much higher speeds. WATER COLUMN. Occasionally, other pressures are
recommended to better meet specific application
From CONDENSING FITTINGS the oil flows by gravity
requirements. In general, lower DMP’s permit closer oil
directly to the grooves supplying the sliding surfaces. The
output control. Higher DMP’s are used to produce higher
fitting location should be as close to the grooves as
output velocities from spray type application fittings to
possible.
penetrate air barriers around high-surface speed elements
MIST FITTINGS may be installed in any location, providing (over 2000 linear feet per minute). Also, spray and
the mist flow envelops or passes through the elements to condensing fittings operate more efficiently with higher
be lubricated. pressure drops across them.
Oil Mist Application 3
4. Determine APPLICATION FITTING SIZES from the chart from the reservoir to the mist generating head. If it is
on PAGE 28. necessary to use a mist generator with a higher minimum
flow rating than the total of the flow ratings of the
A. In the TYPE column, locate the fitting type selected
application fittings, then that total must be increased. This
in Step 2.
can be accomplished by using the same fittings at a higher
B. In the section for that fitting type, go to the right to design manifold pressure or by using fittings with higher
the column under the DMP selected in Step 3. flow ratings. In most cases, the greater lubricant delivery
C. In the PRESSURE DROP column and type section will not even be noticeable. However, if this approach is
find the mist flow equal to or nearest to and higher objectionable, application fittings can be added to the
than the requirement calculated in Step 1. system, either by lubricating points not included in the
original plan, or by discharging spray or condensing fittings
D. On that flow line, go to the left to the second into a vented receptacle.
column, headed “NO.”, and read the “DASH
NUMBER” that represents the fitting size. Requirements for HEATERS are determined by referring to
the chart on PAGE 13. Use of the chart is explained on
E. The columns at the right side of the chart give the that page. The lowest two curves indicate whether oil
minimum vent size for each fitting size. Actually, (reservoir) and air heaters are REQUIRED. (Even though
the sizes given are those of standard drill bits they might not be required, these heaters are often used to
closest to calculated sizes and rounded to nearest stabilize the oil/air ratio with widely varying ambient
thousandth. temperatures.)
AN EXCEPTION to the above method of determining fitting The two curves pertaining to application fittings indicate
type, size and placement is for elements in a closed limits necessitated by the tendency of oils to coat the bores
housing that are lubricated from an oil sump by dipping into or passages of those fittings. As temperature falls, the
the oil or by oil rings, flingers, etc. Gear boxes and pump coating thickens. At FITTING TEMPERATURES above the
bearing housings are examples of such equipment to which limits, the system maintains good balance and output by a
Oil Mist is often applied to provide purging and to make up rise in manifold pressure, since, for a given input pressure,
oil losses from the sump. In the Hydrocarbon Processing the mist generator tends to act as a CONSTANT FLOW
Industries, this is referred to as PURGE-MIST application. device. However, at temperatures below the limits, the
Since, in a Purge-Mist application, the Oil Mist system does restrictions become too great for the system to maintain
not actually lubricate the machine elements, and, since good distribution balance. Systems that are to operate
sump losses cannot be calculated, there are no under such conditions should utilize mist generators with
calculations to determine application fitting size. Alemite Thermo-Aire. The temperature of the application fittings
recommends simply starting with a -8 SPRAY FITTING (or can then usually be kept above the critical levels by
-1 spray nozzle) for each housing, and changing sizes as insulating the mist distribution system. Occasionally, it
indicated by housing oil levels and/or overflow rates. A 1/8 might be necessary to provide some HEATING for the
inch diameter hole at the top of the sump oil level can act FITTINGS.
as VENT and as overflow to prevent raising sump level. If RESERVOIR REFILL INTERVAL is a matter of concern,
If a CONSTANT LEVEL OILER is used to control sump oil consult the chart on PAGE 14. The 0.6 cubic inches of oil
level, it must be modified by drilling an approximately 3/16 per hour per CFM of mist is the approximate maximum
inch diameter hole in the side of the surge chamber about oil/air ratio for Alemite Oil Mist generators operating without
1/4 inch above the operating oil level. This is to provide an heaters at normal plant ambient temperatures. Oil/air ratio
overflow for any excess oil delivered by the mist system. is a function of the setting of the oil flow adjustment screw
To prevent depressing of the sump oil level, the housing in the mist generating head, the type and viscosity of oil
must be VENTED to an internal pressure no greater than used, as well as the air and oil temperatures. If all of these
1/10 inch water column. An Alemite 385608 vent fitting is were acting to maximize the oil/air ratio, the required refill
recommended to accomplish this. intervals could be as short as about one-half of those given
5. Oil Mist GENERATOR selection is based on flow capacity on the chart. With all factors combining to minimize oil/air
and air heater requirements and, in some cases, on ratio, the intervals could be lengthened to five or six times
desired reservoir refill interval. those shown. However, REMEMBER that changing oil/air
ratio also changes lubricant delivery. Reducing the ratio to
The required MIST GENERATING CAPACITY is its minimum means reducing lubrication to about one-fourth
determined by adding together the flow ratings, at design of the amount the system was designed to deliver, and
manifold pressure, of all of the APPLICATION FITTINGS adds the danger of a complete loss of lubrication due to a
that are to be supplied from the mist generator. Select a small drop in oil and/or air temperature, or to slightly
generator (see PAGES 11-12 ) for which this total is within different misting characteristics of a new supply of oil. All
the operating range, preferably near the center of that of which means: DO NOT plan to adjust system operating
range. DO NOT plan to operate a system outside the conditions to achieve a desired refill interval. To the extent
specified flow limits of the mist generator, especially at the possible, select a mist generator that will fit into the desired
low end. Flows less than the minimum specified for a schedule and, if necessary, adjust the schedule or consider
generator will not reliably draw an adequate supply of oil using an automatic refill system.
4 Oil Mist Application
6. PIPING refers to the systems used to supply air to the Oil reclassified oil away from housings. If such lines are also
Mist generator and to distribute the Oil Mist from the acting as vents, they should follow the same criteria as
generator to the application fittings. It includes piping, mist distribution piping, regarding flow velocity and
tubing, hose, and connectors. avoidance of traps.
In GENERAL, air and mist piping should be free of dirt, In ROUTING MIST PIPING, the main consideration is
scale, or other contaminants. Internal diameters should be AVOIDANCE OF TRAPS - low spots in which oil could
of sufficient size to avoid excessive pressure drop. collect. All parts of the distribution systems MUST DRAIN
Materials should be compatible with internal fluids, and by gravity. The main manifold should be sloped downward
resistant to external abuse, chemical attack and ambient toward the Oil Mist generator wherever possible. It is
temperature. especially important to slope the first part of the main
manifold toward the generator for a distance equal to 300
For AIR PIPING, galvanized or copper pipe; copper,
times the pipe ID, since most of the oil wetting-out occurs
stainless steel or anodized aluminum tubing; rubber hose
within that distance. The TABLE at the TOP of PAGE 16
or synthetic tubing are recommended. The TABLE at the
shows the RECOMMENDED SLOPE of manifold for proper
TOP of the PAGE 15 gives pressure drops, at various air
drainage back toward the generator.
flows, through 100 feet of pipe.
Branch lines, if sloped toward the main manifold, should be
The plant main supply pipe must be larger than the branch
connected to the top or sides of the manifold, to avoid liquid
supplying air to the Oil Mist generator. The plant supply
oil traps.
pipe pressure, at the inlet to the branch, must be at least
equal to the sum of the generator regulated air pressure Where drainage provisions allow liquid oil and mist to flow
and the pressure drop through the branch and the air in the same direction, horizontal runs do not require any
accessories, such as air solenoid valve, water separator, slope. Horizontal runs which are not sloped should have
and air pressure regulator. If the strainers in the water drainage points not farther apart than 300 times the
separator and the air regulator become clogged, the manifold ID. The drainage may be to points of lubrication,
pressure drop will increase. or to a standpipe or sump having provision for periodic
dumping of collected oil.
For MIST PIPING, any manifold material meeting the
GENERAL requirements above can be used. Black pipe Where oil traps are unavoidable, a 3/64 inch diameter hole
and plain steel tubing can be used if protected from or a -3 spray fitting should be provided at the lowest point
external corrosion by paint. The bore of black pipe should of the trap to drain oil. If dripping is objectionable, run a
be coated with preservative oil to prevent corrosion prior to drain tube to a suitable receptable, vented with a 1/16 inch
the introduction of Oil Mist. Mist piping should permit mist diameter hole.
flow with minimum “wetting out” of oil, and provide for
drainage of any oil that is deposited, without creating
obstructions to the mist flow. Since the mist system
7. Select APPLICATION FITTINGS CONFIGURATIONS
that will be most convenient to install. Refer to types and
operates at very low pressure, the use of pipe dope or
sizes previously determined (Step 4), and select from
other thread sealants is not necessary and not
fittings described on PAGES 17-21, and in Oil Mist
recommended. Improperly used, these sealants can
Catalog.
contaminate the mist piping. Flushing of the manifold is
recommended during installation to eliminate scale and dirt The complete fitting part number consists of a six-digit
which can plug the small bores of the application fittings. number, designating type and style, followed by the “dash
number”, indicating size.
MIST PIPING SIZES are selected primarily to limit mist
flow velocity. The TABLE at the BOTTOM of PAGE 15
shows the CFM that a given pipe, tube, or hose size 8. ACCESSORIES
carries at various flow velocities. The MAXIMUM
VELOCITY of mist in the distribution system should be 24 The basic Oil Mist system components are:
fps (feet per second). Higher velocities will cause a. An air line filter/water separator to assure a clean air
excessive wetting out of oil from the mist. The GENERAL supply to the Oil Mist generator. (INCLUDED with some
RECOMMENDATION is to select distribution piping sizes models of Alemite Oil Mist generators, purchased
to limit flow velocity to 18-20 fps. This will keep wetting out separately for others).
of oil to an acceptable minimum and will permit some b. An air pressure regulator to control the atomizing air
increase in system flow, if required, without exceeding the pressure to the generator - the BASIC SYSTEM
maximum rate. For ROLLING MILL application, 15 fps ADJUSTMENT. (INCLUDED with some models of
should be the maximum flow velocity. For systems Alemite Oil Mist generators, purchased separately for
designed to operate at manifold pressures between 16 others).
inches and 6 inches water column, use 12 fps as design
velocity. The use of OVERSIZE mist lines is c. An Oil Mist generator which includes a venturi nozzle, oil
PERMISSIBLE but UNDERSIZE piping should NOT BE life tube, reservoir, and oil flow adjusting screw.
USED. d. Mist distribution system to convey the Oil Mist to the
In some installations, drain lines are provided to carry application fittings.
Oil Mist Application 5
e. Mist, spray or condensing application fittings to meter system. It simplifies and improves the accuracy of
and reclassify the Oil Mist at each lubrication point. system adjustment and provides valuable information on
ACCESSORY Oil Mist system components include: system operation, especially during start-up and if trouble
shooting is required.
a. An air supply on-off valve. A solenoid valve is often used
and is INCLUDED with some models of Alemite Oil Mist f. A mist manifold pressure switch to signal high or low
generators. The use of a solenoid valve permits remote manifold pressure. SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN
control or the interlocking of mist system operation with THERMO-AIRE SYSTEMS, wired to shut off air heater
that of the lubricated machine. under alarm conditions, to protect heater element. See
circuit diagrams in section 9.
b. An oil heater to maintain the oil in the generator reservoir
at the proper viscosity for good mist generation g. An Oil Mist detection unit (“Mist Monitor”) to signal high
(INCLUDED with all generators supplied with air heater or low density of oil particles in the mist. With reservoir
and with some sales models of most other generators.) oil level, manifold pressure, and air temperature all within
normal limits, it is still possible that a mist generator will
c. An air heater (“Thermo-Aire”) to stabilize oil/air ratio, at not produce mist, due to improper oil in the reservoir or
varying ambient temperature, or to mist heavy oils which to blockage of oil flow to the mist head. The Mist Monitor
will not properly atomize at the prevailing ambient continuously monitors mist density, photoelectrically, and
temperature. signals any serious deviation from the calibration level.
INCLUDED with some sales models of all generators for 9. Some suggested ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS are shown on
which available. NOT AVAILABLE for 12 ounce or one PAGES 23-26. Terminal or wire numbers for electrical
gallon generators). components are given on PAGE 22. Of course, the user
d. An oil level switch to signal low oil level in the reservoir may use these components as desired, within their ratings.
and/or to control automatic reservoir refill. NOTE that circuits involving Thermo-Aire (air heaters)interlock
e. A mist manifold pressure gauge (manometer) for visual the heater with the mist pressure switch. This is to protect the
indication of manifold pressure. Although not necessary heater by preventing application of power without air flow
for system operation, it is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED through the unit.
that a mist pressure gauge be included in every Oil Mist
6 Oil Mist Application
Applying Oil Mist to specific location is used advantageously on single row, moderate
service, ball bearings on shafts under four inches in diameter,
types of machine elements operating over 200 lfm. Bearings in this category, mounted in
the wall of a machine housing containing a mist atmosphere,
can be mist lubricated if BOTH SIDES of the bearing are freely
ROLLING ELEMENT BEARINGS exposed to the mist. A drilled hole or undercut with a minimum
area of 0.049 square inches in the outer race support is used to
expose the outboard side of a bearing in a blind wall mounting
to the mist in the housing. The windage created by the rotating
parts of the bearing assembly will create sufficient flow of mist
through the rolling elements. The cfm requirement for each
such bearing should be included in the calculated mist input for
the housing.
For radially mounted bearings designed to carry THRUST
LOADS (Heavy Service), such as angular contact ball or
tapered roller bearings, spray fittings and vents should be
located so the flow through the bearing is opposite to the
direction of thrust from the shaft. This is not necessary if an oil
sump or bath is maintained.
MODERATE SERVICE TAPERED ROLLER BEARINGS, operating with light preloads,
CFM = 2x1/40=0.05 are best lubricated from the small end of the rollers. On
HEAVILY PRELOADED tapered roller bearings, two spray
CFM CALCULATIONS fittings per row can be used to advantage, especially in critical
Moderate Service cfm=DR/40 applications such as precision machine tool spindles. For these
Heavy Service cfm=DR/20 installations use the HEAVY SERVICE or even the MILL
SERVICE formula. On the upstream side of the bearing use a
Rolling Mill Service cfm=DR/14 spray fitting sized to deliver about one-third of the calculated
Where D = Shaft diameter in inches requirement, and on the vent side use a spray fitting that will
deliver about two-thirds of the calculated value. On the vent
R = Number of rows of rolling elements
side, place the fitting as close as possible to the bearing and try
The HEAVY SERVICE formula is used for: to direct its output toward the bearing and away from the vent.
All constantly thrust loaded bearings. VENTS and APPLICATION FITTINGS should generally be
All preloaded bearings located so the calculated cfm for each row of rolling elements in
HEAVY SERVICE flows through that row before exhausting
All bearings on shafts transmitting more than 40 horsepower.
through the vent. For bearings in MODERATE SERVICE, such
All bearings subjected to high inertial loads, either by forced flow can be through two consecutive rows, if necessary.
frequent hard starting and stopping or by unbalanced shaft With the EXCEPTION noted previously, forced flow through
designs. bearings is necessary when using mist fittings. In direct spray
The ROLLING MILL SERVICE formula is used for work roll and applications, with spray fittings discharging close to lubricated
backup roll bearings in ferrous and non-ferrous rolling mills. elements, the vents and fittings need not be on opposite sides
of the bearings.
MODERATE SERVICE is any not included in the other service
definitions. OIL SUMPS are recommended for ALL HEAVY SERVICE
BEARINGS and for all moderate service bearings mounted on
SPRAY FITTINGS OR NOZZLES are preferred for rolling shafts four inches or larger in diameter. A DEPTH of oil
element bearings. sufficient to cover the inside diameter of the bearing cup is
MIST FITTINGS are used for moderate service rolling element recommended for tapered roller bearings. For other bearing
bearings in closed housings where it is not practical to place a types the depth of oil should be to the mid-height of the rolling
spray fitting close to each bearing. Because most of the output element at the bottom of the bearing. Vent locations can be
of a mist fitting will remain air-borne until carried into the used to maintain the proper oil level. For high speed bearings,
turbulent region of a bearing, mist fittings can be installed vents used to control the sump level should be located so the
remotely from the bearings they are to lubricate. Several churning effect of the rolling elements does not throw sump oil
bearings in a housing can be served by one mist fitting. To out of the vent ports.
utilize the output from mist fittings, bearings must be operating Bearing housings with DOUBLE LIP SEALS require spray inlets
at speeds no lower than 200 linear feet per minute and and vents located to maintain an oil sump in the area between
preferably above 1000 lfm, at the mean diameter of the bearing. the contacting lips. The CFM seal requirement is equal to a
VENTS must be positioned and sized to proportion positive mist row of elements on the same shaft in moderate service
flow through each bearing. (cfm=D/40).
AN EXCEPTION to the forced flow principle of inlet and vent Means of sighting sump oil level are recommended.
Oil Mist Application 7
8 Oil Mist Application
PLAIN BEARINGS circumferential secondary groove with a single
application fitting supplying all grooves. On large
bearings of this type, a fitting should be used for each
longitudinal groove.
B. Groove volumes should be kept to a minimum. With a
constant source of lubricant input, large volume grooves,
acting as reservoirs, are not required. Large volume
grooves can be a disadvantage on machine start-up, if
oil has completely drained from the groove volume
during a shutdown period. For this reason, application
CFM CALCULATIONS fittings should not be spaced further than FIVE INCHES
Moderate Service cfm=LD/100 apart in bearings over five inches long.
Heavy Service cfm=LD/60 C. All groove edges or housing parting line edges facing
the oncoming sliding surface should be rounded or
Heavy Service, High Loss cfm=LD/30
chamfered to prevent scraping the oil from the shaft.
Where D = Shaft Diameter in Inches D. Grooves should be in the unloaded zone of
L = Sleeve Length in Inches hydrodynamically lubricated bearings. On large
MODERATE SERVICE BEARINGS are: bearings of this type the groove should be close to the
area where the shaft enters the load zone.
Rotating bearings on horizontal shafts where the load zone
is always in the lower half of the bearing. The RULES FOR VENTING plain bearings are:
Bearings mounted in any position where the oil is retained A. Grooves are also used to vent plain bearings. For this
in the bearing by contact type seals. purpose, longitudinal grooves should extend to within
1/4” from the end of the sleeve in horizontal bearings.
Bearings with porous bushings or synthetic “frictionless”
Circumferential grooves in vertical sleeves should be in
sleeves.
the upper third of the sleeve and a longitudinal groove
HEAVY SERVICE BEARINGS are: extending upward from this groove to the END of the
Oscillating bearings on horizontal shafts where the load sleeve is preferred for venting and should be opposite
zone is always in the lower half of the bearing. the application fitting inlet.
Unsealed bearings subjected to shock loading where the B. Bearings with very close tolerances or with contact seals
load zone constantly shifts, but boundary lubrication is require a vent passage connected to the top of the
permissible, such as king pins and spring pins on trucks. internal grooving. The inlet and vent passages may be
Small rotating bearings not mounted on horizontal shafts. combined.
HEAVY SERVICE, HIGH OIL LOSS BEARINGS are:
Rotating bearings or bearings oscillating rapidly where the SLIDES AND WAYS
load zone shifts more than 180°, such as crankshaft and
crankarm bearings. Applications where these bearings CFM CALCULATIONS
operate over 600 lfm should be referred to the factory. Application fittings installed in SLIDE:
Large bearings without seals that are not mounted on cfm=A/800
horizontal shafts. Application fittings discharging ONTO WAYS:
CONDENSING OR SPRAY FITTINGS are recommended for cfm=A/400
plain bearings with 360° sleeves. SPRAY FITTINGS are Where A = TOTAL contact area in square inches
recommended for half-sleeve bearings.
Generally, CONDENSING FITTINGS are used to deliver
On 360° bearings, fittings are installed so their outlets are
lubricant through holes in slides. SPRAY FITTINGS are
above the bearing housing. On HALF BEARINGS, spray
used to supply oil to ways.
fittings are installed to spray on the shaft near its line of entry
into the bearing. For SLIDES, provide at least one application fitting for each
The following general RULES FOR GROOVE LOCATIONS six inches of slide width and four inches of slide length, or
in Oil Mist lubrication bearings are consistent with accepted fractions thereof. Thus, a slide seven inches wide by nine
grooving practice for oil lubricated plain bearings, regardless inches long should carry six application fittings - two across
of the method of oil application: by three lengthwise. Fittings should discharge into
TRANSVERSE GROOVES extending 90% of slide width.
A. Grooves should be located so that 90% of the surface
Grooves should be VENTED or inlets and vents may be
area of the ungrooved surface (usually the shaft) passes
combined as illustrated for plain bearings.
over one oil groove during each cycle of motion. This
rule is best represented by a longitudinal groove For WAYS, provide at least one application fitting for each six
extending 90% of the sleeve length in a rotating bearing. inches of contact width.
Following this rule, OSCILLATING BEARINGS may Where MULTIPLE FITTINGS are used, DIVIDE the
require several longitudinal grooves. In small oscillating calculated CFM EQUALLY among them.
bearings these primary grooves can be connected by a
Oil Mist Application 9
10 Oil Mist Application
GEARS CHAINS
CFM CALCULATIONS CFM CALCULATIONS
PDR 3
Spur, bevel, helical, etc:
unidirectional cfm = F(D1 + D2 + D3 +...)/160
ROLLER Chain, power transmitting cfm =
320 (100S )
reversing cfm = F(D1 + D2 + D3 +...)/110
cfm = WD S 3
Worm gears, unidirectional cfm = F(2D1 + D2)/160
reversing cfm = F(2D1 + D2)/110
SILENT Chain 600 100( )
Where P = Pitch of chain or sprocket, in inches
Where F = Gear face width, in inches D = Pitch diameter of small sprocket, in inches
D1 = Pitch diameter of small gear or worm, in inches R = Number of rows of chain rollers
D2 = Pitch diameter of large gear, in inches W = Width of chain in inches
D3, etc = Pitch diameters of additional gears, in S = rpm of small sprocket
inches CONVEYOR Chain cfm = 3DW + 0.1LW
500
If D2, D3 or any gear is LARGER THAN 2D, (except worm), in Where D = Diameter of drive sprocket, in inches
place of that larger gear USE 2D1. W = Width of chain, in inches
SPRAY FITTINGS OR NOZZLES are used to spray directly L = Length of chain, in inches
on gears. SPRAY FITTINGS are used for chain lubrication.
Provide a spray fitting for each TWO INCHES OF FACE For ROLLER and CONVEYOR chains, direct spray onto
WIDTH or fraction thereof. edges of link plates. For single strand roller and for conveyor
Where MULTIPLE FITTINGS are used across a WIDE GEAR chains, apply about one-half of the calculated cfm to each
FACE, DIVIDE the calculated CFM EQUALLY among them. row of link plates.

For moderately loaded GEAR TRAINS, sprays directed at For MULTIPLE STRAND roller chain, divide the calculated
every second or third gear in the train will generally suffice. cfm by the number of rows of rollers to find the spray
Using the formula, calculate the total cfm requirement for the FITTING SIZE for the inner rows of link plates. For the two
train. Proportion this by “eyeball estimate” to the lubrication outer rows of link plates, divide calculated cfm by two times
points selected. Use more or larger fittings on larger gears or the number of roller rows.
on those with more mesh points. For SILENT chain, provide one spray fitting for each 1/2 inch
For HEAVILY LOADED GEAR TRAINS, provide sprays for of width, starting 1/4 inch from outside edges. To SIZE
all mesh point, estimating proportioning to determine number fittings, divide calculated cfm by twice the chain width.
or sizes of fittings. For best results, position fittings to spray on the INSIDE OF
For UNIDIRECTIONAL operation, direct spray at load side of THE SLACK STRAND.
gear teeth. If spraying the SLACK STRAND, direct the spray slightly
For REVERSING service, direct spray toward gear axis: AGAINST the chain motion.
If spraying the WORKING STRAND, point the spray slightly
in the direction of chain motion.
Oil Mist Application 11

MIST GENERATOR FLOW CHARACTERISTICS


12 Oil Mist Application
MIST GENERATOR FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
Oil Mist Application 13
SELECTION OF Oil Mist GENERATING COMPONENTS
TO OBTAIN OIL/AIR RATIO OF 0.4 CUBIC INCH OIL/HOUR/CFM AIR
The minimum ambient temperature and the oil viscosity for any intended application are used to locate a point on this chart.
The location of this point provides information used to determine the Oil Mist equipment requirements for the intended
application.
CERTAIN OIL ADDITIVES CAN AFFECT THE OIL/AIR RATIO, OR STOP THE GENERATION OF MIST.

OIL VISCOSITY RATING VS. ESTIMATED MINIMUM AMBIENT TEMPERATURE


14 Oil Mist Application
RESERVOIR REFILL INTERVAL
The chart relates mist flow and intervals at which various Alemite Oil Mist reservoirs will require refilling.
Curves are based on a mist density of 0.6 cubic inches of oil per hour per cfm of mist.
Curves are labeled with nominal reservoir capacities, but are based on actual usable cubic inches from FULL mark to nozzle
starvation.
Ranges covered by curves are those available with Alemite standard reservoir and mist head combinations.
Oil Mist Application 15
AIR PIPING
PRESSURE DROP PER 100 FEET OF PIPE-psi
AIR FLOW
@100psi PIPE SIZE
@75F 1/8” 1/4” 3/8” 1/2” 3/4”
(cfm) .269”I.D. .364”I.D. .493” I.D. .622” I.D. .824” I.D.
2 2
4 5 1
7 16 3 1
15 13 3 1
20 23 5 2
35 14 4 1
45 23 7 2
100 33 8

MIST PIPE SIZING

MIST FLOW–SCFM

SIZE ID-in AREA-in2 @12fps @15 fps @18fps @20fps @24fps

1/4 tube 0.194 0.030 0.148 0.185 0.222 0.246 0.296


3/8 tube 0.305 0.073 0.365 0.457 0.548 0.609 0.731
1/2 tube 0.444 0.155 0.774 0.968 1.161 1.290 1.548

1/8 pipe 0.269 0.057 0.284 0.355 0.426 0.474 0.568


1/4 pipe 0.364 0.104 0.520 0.650 0.780 0.867 1.041
3/8 pipe 0.493 0.191 0.954 1.193 1.432 1.591 1.909

1/2 pipe 0.622 0.304 1.519 1.899 2.279 2.532 3.039


3/4 pipe 0.824 0.533 2.666 3.333 3.999 4.444 5.333
1 pipe 1.049 0.864 4.321 5.402 6.481 7.202 8.643

11/4 pipe 1.380 1.496 7.479 9.349 11.218 12.464 14.957


11/2 pipe 1.610 2.036 10.179 12.725 15.267 16.965 20.358
2 pipe 2.067 3.356 16.778 20.974 25.165 27.963 33.556

21/2 pipe 2.469 4.788 23.939 29.925 35.905 39.898 47.878


3 pipe 3.068 7.393 36.963 46.207 55.440 61.601 73.927

3/16 hose 0.188 0.028 0.138 0.174 0.207 0.231 0.276


1/4 hose 0.250 0.049 0.245 0.307 0.368 0.409 0.491
3/8 hose 0.375 0.110 0.552 0.690 0.828 0.920 1.104

1/2 hose 0.500 0.196 0.982 1.227 1.473 1.636 1.964


3/4 hose 0.750 0.442 2.209 2.761 3.313 3.682 4.418
1 hose 1.000 0.785 3.927 4.909 5.890 6.545 7.854

11/4hose 1.250 1.227 6.136 7.670 9.204 10.227 12.272


11/2hose 1.500 1.767 8.836 11.045 13.254 14.726 17.672
16 Oil Mist Application

SLOPE OF MIST MANIFOLD TOWARD GENERATOR


OIL VISCOSITY MINIMUM AMBIENT OR MANIFOLD TEMPERATURE
(SSU@100F) 0F 32F 50F 75F 100F
100 5.3 3.7 3.0 2.4 2.1
180 8.8 5.4 4.1 3.0 2.5
300 10.5 6.1 4.6 3.7 2.9
500 12.2 7.2 5.5 4.4 3.5
800 18.0 8.5 6.5 5.1 4.0
1500 – 11.0 8.8 6.1 4.9
2500 – 15.0 10.4 7.1 5.4
5000 – – 14.4 9.0 6.
*PERCENT SLOPE OF MANIFOLD

*2% slope equals 2” drop every 100” of manifold

Table Notes:
1. Table is for manifold where condensed oil flow is opposite the mist flow.
2. Table is for installations in continuous operation. For systems operating one or two shifts daily, divide slope in Table by 2.
Oil Mist Application 17
MIST APPLICATION FITTINGS
Mist fittings are metering orifices which deliver mist, with minimum condensation, to machine elements.
The mist must be converted to liquid oil by the machine element.
The fittings are made of brass. Color - black.
The air flow graph shows average output.


–INLET 1/8 NPTF (FEMALE) †
–INLET 1/4 OD
TUBE FTG ORIFICE

OUTLET OUTLET OUTLET DIAMETER LENGTH FLOW


1/8 PTF* (m) 1/4 NPTF (m) 1/8 PTF* (m) AREA
380791-2 381290-2 .032 .44 .00078
380791-4 381303-4 381290-4 .045 .44 .00159
380791-6 381303-6 381290-6 .055 .44 .00237
381303-10 381290-10 .078 .44 .00484
381303-16 381290-16 .089 .44 .00622

*SAE Special Short.



–PREFERRED ARRANGEMENT.
INLET AND OUTLET CAN BE
INTERCHANGED
WHERE NECESSARY.

†PART NO. INCLUDES:


381289-2,-4,-6,-10, OR -16 FTG
328301-4 COMP. NUT
328302-4 COMP. SLEEVE
18 Oil Mist Application
CONDENSING APPLICATION FITTINGS
Condensing fittings are metering elements which convert mist to liquid oil within the fitting. The condensed oil flows by gravity to
the machine element.
The fittings are made of brass. Color - silver.
The air flow graph shows average output.

INLET 1/8 NPTF (f) †–INLET 1/4 OD TUBE FTG ORIFICE (BAFFLED)
OUTLET 1/8 PTF * (m) OUTLET 1/8 PTF *(m) SIZE LENGTH FLOW AREA
381281-06 SLOT .014 R .38 .0003
381281-1 381282-1 SLOT .020 R .38 .0006
381281-2 381282-2 2 SLOTS .020 R .38 .0012
381281-3 381282-3 3 SLOTS .020 R .38 .0018
381281-4 381282-4 5 SLOTS .020 R .38 .0030
381281-5 381282-5 6 SLOTS .020 R .38 .0036

*SAE Special Short.


–PREFERRED ARRANGEMENT.

INLET AND OUTLET CAN BE INTERCHANGED WHERE NECESSARY.
Oil Mist Application 19
SPRAY APPLICATION FITTINGS
Spray fittings are metering orifices which convert a high percentage of mist to an oil spray.
The fittings are made of brass. Color - olive drab.
The air flow graph shows average output.

INLET 1/8 NPTF INLET 1/4 OD TUBE FTG ORIFICE


OUTLET 1/8 NPTF OUTLET 1/8 NPTF DIAMETER LENGTH FLOW AREA
381283-1 381288-1 .024 1.38 .000452
381283-2 381288-2 .035 1.38 .000962
381283-3 381288-3 .042 1.38 .00138
381283-5 381288-5 .055 1.38 .00237
381283-8 381288-8 .067 1.38 .00352
20 Oil Mist Application
SPRAY NOZZLE APPLICATION FITTINGS
Spray nozzles contain one or more metering orifices which convert a high percentage of mist to an oil spray. The capacity of
each metering orifice is nearly equal to that of one -8 spray fitting.
The nozzles are made of brass.

NO. OF TOTAL
ONE END THREADED BOTH ENDS THREADED ORIFICES FLOW
.067 DIA. AREA
1/2 NPTF (m) 3/4 NPTF (m) 1/4 NPTF (m) 1/2 PTF*(m) 1.38 LG. SQ. IN.
326370-1 383588-1 384280-1 1 .00352
326370-2 383588-2 384280-2 2 .00704
326370-3 383588-3 384280-3 3 .01056
326370-4 383588-4 384280-4 4 .01408
326370-5 383588-5 384280-5 5 .01760
326370-6 383588-6 384280-6 6 .02112
326370-7 383588-7 384280-7 7 .02464
326370-8 384280-8 8 .02816
326370-9 384280-9 9 .03168
32670-10 383617-10 384280-10 10 .03520
383617-11 11 .03872
383617-12 12 .04224
383617-13 13 .04576
383617-14 14 .04928

*SAE Short
Oil Mist Application 21
SPRAY NOZZLE APPLICATION FITTINGS
(continued)
Dash number for each curve indicates number of .067 diameter orifices in nozzle and is used as suffix of nozzle part number.
The flow through one .067 diameter orifice is .56 cfm at a pressure drop of 60 inches water column, and .68 cfm at 80 inches
water column.
The nozzle air flow graph shows average output.
22 Oil Mist Application
BASIC OIL MIST GENERATOR ELECTRICAL INTERCONNECTION DIAGRAM

TABLE OF COMPONENTS
CODE COMPONENT
SOL A SOLENOID AIR SHUT-OFF VALVE
TS-2 OIL HEATER THERMOSTAT
OH OIL HEATER
HPS MIST HIGH PRESSURE SWITCH (NO.2)
LPS MIST LOW PRESSURE SWITCH (NO.1)
LLS LOW LEVEL SWITCH
ON “THERMO-AIRE” GENERATORS ONLY
TS-1 AIR HEATER THERMOSTAT
TS-3 LOW AIR TEMPERATURE SWITCH
AH AIR HEATER
**CAP. CAPACITOR
AUTOMATIC REFILL KIT
RSS REFILL AND SIGNAL SWITCH
SOL R SOLENOID OIL REFILL VALVE

NOTES:
1. This is the interconnection diagram for Oil Mist generators, but most models do not incorporate all the electrical
components.
2. Terminal boxes having the same terminal strip numbering are recommended for Modular Design Generators.
3. These terminal numbers are used in the recommended elementary diagrams (in this section) for all Oil Mist Units, even
though most models do not incorporate all the electrical components.
4. The recommended elementary diagrams in this section are intended to be representative of the majority of desired
hookups. Where feasible, likely alternatives are shown.
5. Some circuits will require removal of jumpers 2-5, 5-6 and/or 9-10.
**High volume Thermo-Aire Generators only.
Oil Mist Application 23
RECOMMENDED ELEMENTARY WIRING DIAGRAMS FOR OIL MIST SYSTEMS
WITHOUT OIL HEATERS
These wiring diagrams are recommended for Oil Mist systems integral with a single machine. CR relay (5) can be used to
interlock machine start and stop with Oil Mist system operation. DS-1(1) can be omitted if machine is equipped with a power
disconnect.

Sequence of Operation (upper diagram):


1. Manually closing DS-1 (1) energizes the air solenoid (4), allowing air to flow to the Oil Mist generator. Closing DS-1 also
energizes the red light (6) and CR(5); therefore, CR contact (2) is open, and machine cannot be started.
2. When sufficient manifold pressure is attained, LPS (5) opens, de-energizing CR and the red light. The machine can now be
started by closing PB-1.
Function of CR Contacts:
1. With CR contacts in location #1, machine cannot be started without Oil Mist system, and will shut down when there is low
oil level, low manifold pressure, or high manifold pressure.
2. With CR contacts in location #2, machine cannot be started without Oil Mist System, but once machine is started, failure of
the Oil Mist system will energize red light, but will not shut down the machine.
Sequence of Operation (lower diagram):
1. Manually closing DS-1(1) starts the Oil Mist system simultaneously with the machine, and failure of the Oil Mist System will
only energize the red light (5).
24 Oil Mist Application
RECOMMENDED ELEMENTARY WIRING DIAGRAMS FOR OIL MIST SYSTEMS WITH
OIL HEATERS AND SIGNALS
These wiring diagrams are recommended for Oil Mist systems integral with a single machine. CR relay (3) can be used to
interlock machine start-and-stop with Oil Mist system operation.
An alternate relay CR-2(7) can be wired in series with DS-3, and CR omitted.
Where DS-1(1) is operated just prior to machine start, the oil heater should be wired upstream of DS-1. DS-1 can be omitted
if machine is equipped with a power disconnect.

Sequence of Operation (upper diagram):


1. Manually closing DS-1(1) energizes the oil heater (2) and the red light(5) indicating power on.
2. Manually closing DS-2(8) energizes the air solenoid, allowing air to flow to Oil Mist generator.
3. When sufficient manifold pressure is attained, LPS(4) de-energizes the green light (4) and optional relay coil CR(3).
4. If CR is used, machine can now be started.
Also, DS-3(6) may now be closed to lock in howler H for annunciation of system fault.
Sequence of Operation (lower diagram):
1. In diagram below, WS Light Signal unit 380745 is used in place of the individual red and green lights above.
In case of malfunction, the red light and howler H, if used, will be energized.
Sequence of operation is the same, except there is no indication when DS-3 can be closed without energizing the red light
and howler.
Also, there is no indication of power-on when DS-1 is closed to energize the oil heater; instead, the green light indicates the
air solenoid is energized.
Oil Mist Application 25
RECOMMENDED ELEMENTARY WIRING DIAGRAMS FOR OIL MIST SYSTEMS WITH
AIR AND OIL HEATERS AND SIGNALS
These wiring diagrams are recommended where Oil Mist is lubricating a machine segment of a multiple-machine operation.
Malfunction of the Oil Mist system energizes the warning signals, but does not stop the machine.
WS alarm signal units are interchangeable in either circuit arrangement.
Upper circuit shows air heater on same power input as control circuits.
Lower circuit shows air heater on separate power input.
Upper circuit can include 2CR relay (4) for interlocking machine start with proper Oil Mist system operation.
When 2CR is used, 2CR contacts in start circuit are normally open.
Upper circuit, as shown, is for MODULAR SERIES Thermo-Aire generators. For HIGH VOLUME units (2000 watt air heater),
replace TS-1 and AH(3)with Heater Control Relay (HCR) coil, and connect TS-1, AH and HCR contacts as shown in lower diagram.

Sequence of Operation (upper diagram):


1. Power across the input lines energizes the oil heater (1).
2. Manually closing DS-1(2) starts the Oil Mist system.
3. When Oil Mist system is stabilized, DS-2(6,8) is closed to lock in WS alarm, (Light Signal 380745), H Howler 380732, and
optional 2CR relay.
Sequence of Operation (lower diagram):
WS light signals (lamp 60 watts maximum) are shown in place of the alarm circuit shown above, and DS-2 is not required.
2CR relay cannot be used in circuit below, unless the WS alarm system shown in upper diagram is used.
1. Manually closing DS-1(1,5) starts the Oil Mist system.
2. When the Oil Mist system is stabilized, all warning lights are de-energized.
26 Oil Mist Application
RECOMMENDED WIRING DIAGRAMS FOR OIL MIST SYSTEMS WITH OIL AND AIR
HEATERS AND INDIVIDUAL SIGNALS
This wiring diagram is recommended where Oil Mist is lubricating a machine segment of a multiple-machine operation, and
neon pilot lights are used (with master warning signals) to indicate the cause of malfunction.
Malfunction of the Oil Mist system energizes the warning signals, but does not stop the machine. The circuit shows air heater
on a separate power input.
The circuit can include 4 CR relay (15) for interlocking machine start with proper Oil Mist system operation. When 4 CR is
used, 4 CR contacts in the start circuit are normally open.
Oil Mist Application 27
TYPICAL OIL-MIST SYSTEM PIPING SCHEMATIC
28 Oil Mist Application
NOTES ON USE OF APPLICATION FITTING SELECTION CHART
1. Basic Design Manifold Pressure is 20 inches water column.
2. Minimum recommended vent area equals twice the application fitting orifice area.
3. Minimum recommended manifold pressure for mist fittings is 2” H20.
4. Minimum recommended manifold pressure for spray fittings is 8” H20.
5. Minimum recommended manifold pressure for condensing fittings is 12” H20.
6. Design manifold pressure of 40” H20 is recommended for:
a. Direct spray applications over 2000 fpm.
b. Applications where the ambient temp. at the fittings is close to the minimum recommended.

APPLICATION FITTING SELECTION CHART


APPLICATION FITTING APPLICATION FITTINGS STANDARD CFM MIN. VENT
ORIFICE PRESSURE DROP-- INCHES WATER
TYPE NO. SIZE LENGTH FLOW AREA 2 5 8 12 20 30 40 DIA. AREA
-2 .032 DIA .44 .00078 .018 .033 .047 .030 .079 .095 .110 .047 .00173
-4 .045 DIA .44 .00159 .036 .067 .096 .122 .161 .195 .224 .064 .00322
MIST -6 .055 DIA .44 .00238 .048 .100 .143 .184 .240 .290 .334 .087 .00477
-10 .078 DIA .44 .00478 .100 .210 .295 .380 .495 .615 .715 .111 .00968
-16 .089 DIA .44 .00622 .120 .280 .400 .520 .680 .830 .960 .125 .012??
-05 SLOT .014R .38 .0003 .013 .018 .024 .029 .028 .00062
-1 SLOT .020R .38 .0006 .031 .042 .055 .065 .040 .00126
-2 2 SLOTS .38 .0012 .062 .083 .109 .131 .055 .00238
CONDENSING - 3 3 SLOTS .38 .0018 ..091 .125 .164 .195 .070 .00385
-4 5 SLOTS .38 .0030 .149 .206 .271 .321 .089 .00622
-5 6 SLOTS .38 .0036 .178 .246 .312 .368 .096 .00724
CONDENSED 6 SLOTS & .38
SPRAY -6 .067 DIA .97 .0036 .132 .185 .236 .277 .096 .00724
-1 .024 DIA 1.35 .00045 .018 .022 .029 .035 .040 .035 .00096
SPRAY -2 .035 DIA 1.38 .00096 .030 .038 .052 .066 .078 .052 .00212
FITTING -3 .042 DIA 1.38 .00138 .040 .060 .078 .095 .112 .060 .002??
-5 .055 DIA 1.38 .090 .118 .159 .198 .230 .078 .004??
-8 .067 DIA 1.38 .00353 .180 .230 .300 .370 .420 .096 .00724
-1 .067D(1) 1.38 .00353 .190 .240 .310 .380 .460 .096 .00724
-2 .067D(2) 1.38 .00705 .380 .480 .620 .760 .920 .136 .01453
-3 .067D(3) 1.38 .01058 .570 .720 .930 1.14 1.38 .166 .02164
-4 .067D(4) 1.38 .01410 .760 .960 1.24 1.52 1.84 .191 .02865
-5 .067D(5) 1.38 .01763 .950 1.20 1.55 1.90 2.30 .213 .03563
-6 .067D(6) 1.38 .02115 1.14 1.44 1.86 2.28 2.76 .234 .04301
SPRAY -7 .067D(7) 1.38 .02468 1.33 1.68 2.17 2.66 3.22 .250 .04909
NOZZLE -8 .067D(8) 1.38 .02820 1.52 1.92 2.48 3.04 3.68 .266 .05557
-9 .067D(9) 1.38 .03173 1.71 2.16 2.79 3.42 4.14 .290 .06605
- 10 .067D(10) 1.38 .03526 1.90 2.40 3.40 3.80 4.60 .302 .0716?
- 11 .067D(11) 1.38 .03878 2.09 2.64 3.41 4.18 5.06 .313 .07???
- 12 .067D(12) 1.38 .04231 2.28 2.88 3.72 4.56 5.52 .328 .08???
- 13 .067G(13) 1.38 .04583 2.47 3.12 4.03 4.94 5.98 .344 .09294
-14 .067D(14) 1.38 .04936 2.66 3.36 4.34 5.32 6.44 .358 .10066
Oil Mist Application 29

SUMMARY OF CALCULATIONS FOR CFM INPUTS TO MACHINE ELEMENTS


based on oil/air ratio of 0.4 cubic inch oil/hour/cfm air

ROLLING ELEMENT BEARINGS (ANTI-FRICTION) Spray and mist fittings are used.
A. Moderate Service cfm = DR/40 D = shaft diameter in inches
B. Heavy Service cfm = DR/20 R = number of rows of elements
C. Rolling Mill Service cfm = DR/14

PLAIN BEARINGS Condensing and spray fittings are used.


A. Moderate Service cfm = LD/100 L = bearing length in inches
B. Heavy Service cfm = LD/60 D = shaft diameter in inches
C. Heavy Service, High Loss cfm = LD/30

Condensing fittings are used.


SLIDES AND GIBS cfm = A/800
WAYS cfm = A/400 A = maximum contact area in square
inches

Spray fittings are used.


GEARS
REVERSING GEARS cfm = F(D1 + D2 + D3, etc.)/160 F = gear face width in inches
cfm = F(D1 + D2 + D3, etc.)/110 D1 = pitch diameter of small gear or worm
gear inches
WORM GEARS cfm = F(2D1 + D2)/160 D2 = pitch diameter of large gear in inches
REVERSING WORM GEARS cfm = F(2D1 + D2)/110 D3, etc. = pitch diameter of additional gears
If D2, D3, or any gear is larger than 2D1, in place of the larger gear, use 2D1

Spray fittings are used.


ROLLER CHAIN, POWER TRANSMITTING

cfm = PDR (S/100)3 P = pitch of chain or sprocket in inches


320 D = pitch dia. of small sprocket in inches
R = number of rows of chain rollers
SILENT CHAIN cfm = WD (S/100)3 W = width of chain in inches
600 S = rpm of small sprocket

Spray fittings are used.


CONVEYOR CHAIN cfm = 3DW + 0.1 LW D = diameter of drive sprocket in inches
500 W = width of chain in inches
L = length of chain in inches

Spray fittings are used.


CAMS cfm = FD/400 F = face width of cam in inches
D = maximum diameter of cam in inches

Spray and mist fittings are used.


RECIRCULATING ROLLING ELEMENT NUTS D DR D = pitch diameter of nut
(ANTI-FRICTION BALL NUTS) CFM = 30 + 300 R = number of rows of elements

For heavy-duty bearings, with oil sumps, very lightly loaded: cfm = DR/80. Double-lip seals: D = D/40.
NOTES
NOTES
NOTES
Alemite Oil Mistual
Application Manual

7845 Little Avenue,


Charlotte, NC 28226
Phone: 704-542-6900
Toll-Free US/Canada: 866-4-Alemite
Fax US/Canada: 800-648-3917
w w w. a l e m i t e . c o m

02/04