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GOVERNOR STABILTY & PRESSURE RISE CALCULATION

Project : Teesta III HEP


Basic Data
Rated MW MW 200
Rated speed N 375
Rated Head Hn(in meter) 780.33
Rated Discharge Q(Cumec) 28.80
Discharge dia of runner D3 3.02
Generator KVA with o/l KVA 222000.00
Turbine capacity in KW Pt 204081.63

Flywheel Effect WR2 As per USBR

Generator WR2 1078260.88 15000〔(KVA) / N^3/2〕^5 /4


Turbine WR 2
107826.088 5 to 10 % of Generator WR2
Total WR2 (Kgm2) 1186087
GD2 4744347.88 4 X Total WR2
Inertia Constant H 4.12 1.37 x 10-6 x GD2 x N2 / KVA
Unit Acceleration Time Tm 9.04 (WR2 X N2) / (9.038 X 104 x Pt)
(Tm > 5 sec. is recommended for ensuring governor performance of high quality.)
Flywheel Effect WR2 As per Choudary
Generator inertia (Kgm2) 1078260.88 15000〔(KVA) / N^1.5〕^1.25
Turbine inertia (Kgm2) 93565.2465 1446〔(KW) / N^1.5〕^1.25
Total intertia (Kgm2) I 1171826.13
GD2 4687304.52
Inertia constant H 4.07
Unit Acceleration Time Tm 8.85 I X N2/(91.2 X 10^6 X P (MW)
Flywheel Effect WR 2 As per TNEB Handbook
Generator WR2 1198738.57 16676〔(KVA) / N^3/2〕^5 /4
Turbine WR2 97784.6595 1047.2*(HP/N^1.5)^1.25
Total WR2 (Kgm2) 1296523.22
GD2 5186092.9 4 X Total WR2
Inertia Constant H 4.50 1.37 x 10-6 x GD2 x N2 / KVA
Unit Acceleration Time Tm 9.88 (WR2 X N2) / (9.038 X 104 x Pt)

Thus mean value of Inertia Constant as computed above= H 4.23 0

9.29
CorrespondingUnit Acceleration Time By back Calculation Tm
Corresponding GD2 = 4872582 Kgm2 ----------(1)

It is thus considered that the optimal GD 2 value shall be between 4872582 or #VALUE! Kgm2

Adopted average value of GD2= #VALUE! Kgm2 Corresponding Hopt= #VALUE! 0

Water Starting time, Tw Σ LV / gH

WCS-1
Penstock L3 677
Diameter D3 2.2
Velocity in L3 V3 7.58
L3V3 5129.16
L8 32.11
D8 1.60
V8 14.32
L8V8 460.00
L9 3.07
D9 1.07
V9 32.03
L9V9 98.33
Spiral casing L4 15.1
Velocity in L4 V4 22.261
L4V4 336.14

Draft tube, L5V5 L5V5 28.61


TRT-1 L6 0.00
Diameter D6 5.50
Velocity in L6 V6 1.21
L6V6 0.00
TRT L7 0
Diameter D7 9.5 Total L 692.10
Velocity in L6 V7 1.22 L/H 0.89
L7V7 0.00
Σ LV = L1V1 + L2V2 + L3V3 + L4V4 + L5V5+ L6V6+ L7V7 6052.23 5465.29
Tw' TM / TW
Water Starting Time Tw 0.79 0.71 11.73
(For good regulation, B.Hadley recommends Tm > 3 x Tw) O.K.

Annexure-IV 1 of 5 492781264.xls 09/29/2020


B.Pressure Rise due to simultaneous shutdown of units
1. Servomotor Closing Time(tc) 20 secs
2.Maximum Static Head(Hs(max) 780.33 m

3.K1=(summation (L*v)/(g*Hstatic (max)*tc)^2 0.0015627017

4. Pressure Rise (%Δp)=ΔH/Hs(max)=(K1/2+sqrt(K1+K1^2/2))*100 4 % Hence OK as per IS: 12837.

Annexure-IV 2 of 5 492781264.xls 09/29/2020


SPEED RISE CALCULATION ON FOULL LOAD REJECTION

ns C
20 0.98
1 Machine Maximum Rated Out put 20000 k VA 35 0.96
i.e 26809.65 hp 50 0.92
2 Corresponding Head 227.5 m 75 0.84
100 0.77
3 Speed 750 rpm 125 0.71
150 0.66
175 0.61
200 0.57

Formula used( As per Hydro Engineering by Guthrie & Brown)


Δn/n=√1+(CT(1+ΔH)^1.5/K)-1

K=WR2*n^2/(1.6*H.P*10^6) 1.2

Now
1
T=Governor Closing Time 20 secs f(x ) = 3.72699E-08 x ³ − 8.56474E -06 x² − 0.00207776 x
+ 1.03298
R² = 0.998264776677545
0.8
C= 0.959232466991 (from curve 1)
0.6

GD2 adopted #VALUE! kg-m2


0.4 Column
WR2 #VALUE! lb-ft2 H
Polynom
K= #VALUE! 0.2
ial
(Column
H)
ΔH 4 % Logarith
mic
(Column
0 H)

Speed Rise=Δn/n #VALUE! % 0 50 100 150 200 250

Hence OK as per IS: 12837.


USBR
2
Flywheel Effect WR
Generator inertia (Kgm2)
Turbine inertia (Kgm2)
Total intertia (Kgm2)
GD2
Inertia constant
Unit Acceleration Time
Choudary TNEB Handbook