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User Manual CityLink

B4008 Rev. M

Section I

:

Equipment Description

Section II

:

ODU Type I Installation

Section III

:

ODU Type II Installation

Section IV

:

ODU Type III Installation

Section V

:

IDU Installation

Section VI

:

Preparations for Operation

Section VII

:

Configuration with NEW-NMS

Section VIII

:

Fast Ethernet Configuration

Section IX

:

Troubleshooting

Section X

:

Appendices

© Nera Networks AS

Fast Ethernet Configuration Section IX : Troubleshooting Section X : Appendices © Nera Networks AS

CityLink

CityLink

This section applies only to CE marked equipment

CityLink This section applies only to CE marked equipment 0889 WARNING: Use of this equipment requires

0889

This section applies only to CE marked equipment 0889 WARNING: Use of this equipment requires a

WARNING:

Use of this equipment requires a separate license to be applied for by the operator.

DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY (INFORMAL)

English

Hereby, Nera Networks AS, declares that this CityLink is in compliance with the

Finnish

essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC. Nera Networks AS vakuuttaa täten että CityLink tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 1999/5/EY

oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien direktiivin muiden ehtojen mukainen. Dutch Hierbij verklaart Nera Networks AS dat het toestel CityLink in overeenstemming is met de essentiële eisen en de andere relevante bepalingen van richtlijn 1999/5/EG Bij deze verklaart Nera Networks AS dat deze CityLink voldoet aan de essentiële eisen en aan de overige relevante bepalingen van Richtlijn 1999/5/EC. French Par la présente Nera Networks AS déclare que l’appareil CityLink est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres dispositions pertinentes de la directive 1999/5/CE. Par la présente, Nera Networks AS déclare que ce CityLink est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres dispositions de la directive 1999/5/CE qui lui sont applicables.

Swedish Härmed intygar Nera Networks AS att denna CityLink står I överensstämmelse med de väsentliga egenskapskrav och övriga relevanta bestämmelser som framgår av direktiv

1999/5/EG.

Danish Undertegnede Nera Networks AS erklærer herved, at følgende udstyr CityLink overhold- er de væsentlige krav og øvrige relevante krav i direktiv 1999/5/EF

Hiermit erklärt Nera Networks AS, dass sich dieser CityLink in Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen und den anderen relevanten Vorschriften der Rich- tlinie 1999/5/EG befindet“. (BMWi) Hiermit erklärt Nera Networks AS die Übereinstimmung des Gerätes CityLink mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen und den anderen relevanten Festlegungen der Richtlinie 1999/5/EG. (Wien)

German

Refer to Declaration of Conformity for further details.

CityLink

CityLink

CityLink B4008 Rev. M 3

CityLink

CityLink
CityLink 4 B4008 Rev. M
CityLink

CityLink

CityLink B4008 Rev. M 5

CityLink

CityLink
CityLink 6 B4008 Rev. M
CityLink

CityLink

WARNING!

WARNING! DO NOT remove or insert the Transmitter Unit with DC power on. Power to the

DO NOT remove or insert the Transmitter Unit with DC power on.

Power to the OutDoor Unit (ODU) is carried on the coaxial cable between the InDoor Unit (IDU) and the ODU. Before connecting or removing the cable, ensure that the primary power to the IDU has been switched off.

CAUTION!

Exposure to strong high frequency electromag- netic fields may cause thermal damage to personnel. The eye (Cornea and lens) is easily exposed.

Any unnecessary exposure is undesirable and should be avoided.

In Radio-Relay communication installations, orderly setup for normal operation, the general RF radiation level will be well below the safety limit.

In the antennas and directly in front of them the RF intensity normally will exceed the danger level, within limited portions of space.

Dangerous radiation may be found in the neighbourhood of open waveguide flanges or horns where the power is radiated into space.

To avoid dangerous radiation the following precautions must be taken:

During work within and close to the front of the antenna; make sure that transmitters will remain turned off.

Before opening coaxial - or waveguide connectors carrying RF power, turn off transmitters.

Consider any incidentally open RF connector as carrying power, until otherwise proved. Do not look into coaxial connectors at closer than reading distance (30 cm). Do not look into an open wave- guide unless you are absolutely sure that the power is turned off.

WARNING!

WARNING! This equipment contains components which are sensitive to "ESD" (Electro Static Discharge). It is

This equipment contains components which are sensitive to "ESD" (Electro Static Discharge).

It is therefore essential that whenever disassem- bling the equipment and/or handling PC boards, special precautions to avoid ESD have to be made.

These precautions include personnel grounding, grounding of work bench, grounding of tools and instruments as well as transport and storage in special antistatic bags and boxes.

CAUTION!

CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT IEC825-2: 1993
CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT
IEC825-2: 1993

Use of controls or adjustments or perform- ance of procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous radiation exposure.

The Optical Interface must only be serviced by qualified personnel, who are aware of the hazards involved to repair Laser products.

When handling Laser products the following precautions must be taken:

Never look directly into an open connector or optical cable

Before disconnecting an optical cable, the power should be switched off. If this is not possible, the cable must be disconnected from the STM-1 output before it is discon- nected from the STM-1 input.

When the cable is reconnected it must be connected to the STM-1 input before it is connected to the STM-1 output.

CityLink

CityLink

List of Revisions

Rev.

Date

What is changed

C

01-10-05

ODU Type II Installation introduced

D

01-12-18

ODUTypeIIIInstallationintroduced

E

02-02-28

Section II; 13 & 15GHz ODU included. Section IV; Additional info on installation added. Section VII Chapter 5.2 Switch Criteria changed. Section IX: Additional info about connectors and interfaces in Appendix 1

F

02-05-07

FastEthernetintroduced Section VII; New subchapter 5.1.5 Reconfiguring a 1+0 IDU for use in Hot StandBy Configuration

G

02-09-18

21x2Mbit/s (CityLink ADM) introduced. Section VIII: Updated bitmaps in Ch. 16.6 and 16.8.

H

02-10-07

Frequency tuning of 13GHz Transceiver included (Section II

Chapter5.0).

I

Notused

J

02-12-19

Section V: New chapter 4.0 Installation of 21x2Mbit/s TributaryUnit

K

03-05-23

SectionII:Chapter5.0;newfrequency(TableII-5)

Installation of ODU Type I on Type III suspension introduced Section IV: New subchapter: Mounting the transceiver (without antenna) to a column. Section VIII: Changed bitmaps in Ch. 16.1, 16.2, 16.6 and 16.8, Changes in Ch. 8.9.1 and 8.9.2. New commands included in Ch. 3.0 and 4.0. Section X: New alarms in Alarm list

L

03-11-25

DMD IDU introduced. ADM STM-1 and DS3/E3 ext.boards introduced . New optical interfaces (2NYD5392A and

2NYD5368A)introduced.

M

04-10-26

New Version of NEW. (Section VII and VIII) Added info about System Configuration (Section I) Added info about IP Routing (Section VII) Section X: Improved description of Power Connector

CityLink

CityLink

Table of Contents

SECTION I Equipment Description

21

1.0

Introduction

22

2.0

IDU

24

2.1

IDU Description

24

2.2

Hot Standby IDU Description

26

2.3

Line Interface Boards

28

2.4

Service Telephone

28

2.5

21x2Mbit/s Extension Board (option)

30

2.6

ADM STM-1 (X-Connect) Extension Board (option) 30

2.6

3xDS3/E3 and DS1 Extension Board (option)

32

2.6

Ethernet Extension Board (CityLink Fast Ethernet) 33

3.0

ODU

34

3.1

ODU Type I Description

34

3.2

ODU Type II Description

36

3.3

ODU Type III Description

38

4.0

Management

40

5.0

System Configurations

40

5.1 1+0Configuration

41

5.2 Hot Standby Configuration

42

5.3 1+1 Frequency Diversity

42

5.4 Hot Standby Configuration – Dual Antenna

43

5.5 Hot Standby Configuration – Dual Baseband

44

5.6 2+0 Configuration

45

5.7 Space Diversity

46

5.8 Hybrid Space Diversity

46

5.9 Radio Terminal Configurations

48

5.10 Radio Repeater Configurations

48

5.11 Radio Channel Identification

48

CityLink

CityLink

SECTION II Installation of ODU Type I and Antenna

49

1.0

General

50

1.1 Packing

50

1.2 Marking

50

1.3 Transportation

50

1.4 Radio Equipment Inventory Check

51

1.5 Preparation for Installation

51

1.6 Handling & Storage

51

2.0

Installation Equipment required

52

2.1

Tools

52

2.1.1

Tools for Antenna Installation

52

2.1.2

Tools for IDU- ODU Cable /Connector Mounting. 52

2.2

Equipment external to the Radio Equipment

53

3.0

ODU / Antenna Installation, 1+0 Equipment

54

3.1

Installation of 0.6m and 0.45m Antenna

54

3.1.1

Preparing the Suspension for ODU Mounting

54

3.1.2

Mounting the Antenna to the Suspension

55

3.1.3

Mounting the Branching Support Bracket

56

3.1.4

Mounting the Rear Travers

57

3.1.5

Mounting the Suspension Support Bracket

57

3.1.6

Mounting the Bend on the Branching Unit

58

3.1.7

Installation of the Branching Unit

59

3.1.8

Attachment of the Sunshield Support

59

3.1.9

Installation of the Flexible Waveguide

60

3.1.10

Installation of the Sunshield

61

3.1.11

Mounting the Suspension/Antenna to a Column or a Wall

62

3.1.12

Mounting the ODU to the Antenna Assembly

65

3.1.13

Pole Mount

67

3.2

Installation of 1.2m Antenna

68

3.2.1

Assembly of Branching Support Bracket

68

3.2.3

Installation of Branching Unit, Sun-shield and Flexible Waveguide

69

4.0

ODU / Antenna Installation, Hot Standby Equipment and 2+0 Equipment

70

CityLink

CityLink

4.1

0.45m and 0.6m Antenna

70

4.1.1

Installation of Hot Standby (HSB) and 2+0

Dual Frequency Single Polarization Equipment . 70

4.1.1.1

Preparing the Suspension for ODU Mounting and Mounting the Antenna to the Suspension . 70

4.1.1.2

Mounting the Branching Support Bracket

70

4.1.1.3

Mounting the Rear Travers, Mounting the Suspension Support Bracket and Mounting the Feed on the Branching Unit

71

4.1.1.4

Installation of the HSB Branching Unit

71

4.1.1.5

Installation of the Flexible Waveguide

72

4.1.1.6

Installation of the Sunshield Support Bracket

73

4.1.1.7

Installation of the Sunshield

73

4.1.1.8

Mounting the Suspension/ODU to a Column or a Wall

74

4.1.1.9

Mounting the ODU to the Antenna Assembly

74

4.1.1.10

Pole Mount

75

4.1.2

Installation of 2+0 Equipment (Single Frequency Dual polarity)

76

4.1.2.1

Preparing the Suspension for ODU Mounting

and Mounting the Antenna to the Suspension . 76

4.1.2.2

Mounting the Branching Support Bracket, the Rear Travers, the Suspension Support Bracket

and the Feed on the Branching Units

76

4.1.2.3

Installation of the Branching Units

76

4.1.2.4

Installation of the Flexible Waveguide

77

4.1.2.5

Installation of the Sunshield

78

4.1.2.6

Mounting the Suspension/ODU to a Column or a Wall

79

4.1.2.7

Mounting the ODU to the Antenna Assembly

79

4.1.2.9

Pole Mount

80

4.2

1.2m Antenna

81

4.2.1

Assembly of Branching Support Bracket

81

4.2.2

Installation of Branching Unit, Sun-shield and Flexible Waveguide

82

4.2.2.1

Hot Standby and 2+0 Dual Frequency Single Polarization

82

4.2.2.2

2+0 Single Frequency Dual Polarization

83

CityLink

CityLink

5.0

Frequency Tuning at 13GHz &15GHz Transceiver

84

6.0

Cable Connections

90

7.0

Antenna Alignment

90

SECTION III

Installation of

ODU Type II and Antenna

91

1.0

General

92

1.1 Packing

92

1.2 Marking

92

1.3 Transportation

92

1.4 Radio Equipment Inventory Check

93

1.5 Preparation for Installation

93

1.6 Handling & Storage

93

2.0

Installation Equipment required

94

2.1

Tools

94

2.1.1

Tools for Antenna Installation

94

2.1.2

Tools for IDU- ODU Cable /Connector Mounting. 94

2.2

Equipment external to the Radio Equipment

95

3.0

ODU Installation

96

3.1 Mounting the ODU to the Pole

96

3.2 Cable Connections

97

4.0

Antenna and Waveguide Installation

98

4.1 0.6m Antenna

98

4.2 1.2m Antenna

99

4.3 2m Antenna

100

4.4 2.4m

101

4.5 3m

102

CityLink

CityLink

SECTION IV Installation of ODU Type III and Antenna

103

1.0

General

 

104

1.1 Packing

104

1.2 Marking

104

1.3 Transportation

104

1.4 Radio Equipment Inventory Check

105

1.5 Preparation for Installation

105

1.6 Handling & Storage

105

2.0

Installation Equipment required

106

2.1

Tools

106

2.1.1

Tools for Antenna Installation and Adjustment

106

2.1.2

Tools for IDU- ODU Cable /Connector Mounting. 106

2.2

Equipment external to the Radio Equipment

107

3.0

ODU / Antenna Installation, 1+0 Equipment

108

3.1 Mounting the Antenna to the Suspension

108

3.2 Mounting the Sunshield

109

3.3 Mounting the Suspension/Antenna to

 

a

Column by using the U-bolts

110

 

3.4 Mounting the Suspension/Antenna to

 

a

Column by using the Clamps

111

 

3.5 Mounting the Transceiver (without Antenna) to a Column

112

3.6 Mounting the Suspension/Antenna to a Wall

117

3.7 Mounting the ODU to the Antenna Assembly

118

4.0

ODU / Antenna Installation, HSB and 2+0 Equipment 121

4.1

Preparing the Suspension

121

4.2

Mounting the Antenna to the Supension

122

4.3

Mounting the Hybrid Frame to the Antenna

123

4.3

Mounting the CityLink III ODUs to the Antenna Assembly

125

4.4

Mounting the Transceiver (without Antenna) to the Column

126

4.5

Mounting the Suspension/Antenna to a Wall

126

CityLink

CityLink

5.0

Cable Connections

127

6.0

Antenna Alignment

128

6.1 Azimuth and Elevation Adjustment

128

6.2 Coarse adjustment

128

6.3 Fine adjustment

128

6.4 Final Control

129

6.5 Polarisation alignment

129

SECTION V

IDU Installation

131

1.0

General

132

1.1 Packing

132

1.2 Marking

132

1.3 Transportation

132

1.4 Radio Equipment Inventory Check

133

1.5 Preparation for Installation

133

1.6 Handling & Storage

133

2.0

IDU Installation

134

2.1.

Mounting the IDU in an ANSI (19") or an ETSI Rack

134

2.2

Cable Installation

135

3.0

Hot Standby IDU Installation

136

3.1 Mounting the Hot Standby IDUs in a Rack

136

3.2 Interconnections in a Hot Standby System

137

4.0

Installation of Optional Extension Boards

138

5.0

IDU/ODU Cable Installation

141

6.0

Change of Fan-Cassette

146

SECTION VI

Preparations for Operation

147

1.0 General

148

CityLink

CityLink

 

1.1 Equipment required

148

1.2 Connections

148

2.0

Power on

148

2.1

NEW-NMS/NEW-Configurator Startup and connecting to Network Elements

149

2.1.1

Starting NEW-NMS/NEW-Configurator with Serial Connection (RS-232/

149

2.1.2

Starting NEW-NMS/NEW-Configurator with TCP/IP

150

2.2

Initial configuration

150

SECTION VII Configuration by NEW Configurator 151

1.0

General

152

2.0

Element Node

154

2.1 Element Id

154

2.2 Available Functions

156

2.3 Notifications

157

2.4 NE Clock Page

159

2.5 Software Download

160

2.6 Software Versions

161

3.0

Transmission Node

163

3.1

Section Termination

163

3.1.1

Section Termination, SW-version < R2A00

163

3.1.2

Section Termination, SW-version ³ R2A00

164

3.1.3

SSM - Synchronization Status Message

172

3.2

Alarm Indication Signal Insert

173

3.3

Path Trace

176

4.0

Equipment Node

178

4.1

Network Routing

178

4.2

IP Routing

181

4.2.1

General Settings

182

4.2.2

Active Routes

184

CityLink

CityLink
 

4.2.3

Static Routes

185

4.2.4

RIP Interfaces

186

4.2.5

OSPF Interfaces

187

4.2.6

OSPF Areas

188

4.3

Communication Ports

189

4.3.1

DCC (Data Communication Channel)

189

4.3.2

NI (Network Interface)

191

4.3.3

LCT

193

4.3.4

Ethernet

194

4.3.5

IP Settings

195

4.3.6

IP Tunneling

196

4.3.7

OSI TP4 Tunneling

197

4.4

Looping

198

4.4.1

Main Looping

198

4.4.2

64 Kbit/s Looping

200

4.4.3

2 Mbit/s Wayside Looping

202

4.4.4

21x2Mbit/s Looping

205

4.4.5

DS3/E3 Looping

207

4.5

In Door Unit (IDU)

210

4.5.1

IDU Production Data

210

4.5.2

64 kbit/s Channels

211

4.5.3

2 Mbit/s Wayside Channel

213

4.5.4

SOH X-Connect

215

4.5.5

Error Pulse Output

216

4.5.6

Auxiliary Output Configuration

217

4.5.7

Diagnose

219

4.5.8

Self Test

220

4.5.9

BER Thresholds

220

4.5.10

OSI Configuration

222

4.5.11

Laser Control

227

4.5.12

IDU Replace Unit Wizard

229

4.6

Out Door Unit (ODU)

230

4.6.1

Type I ODU

230

4.6.2

Type II ODU

235

4.6.3

Type III ODU

247

4.6.4

Antenna Data

252

4.6.5

ODU Replace Unit Wizard

253

5.0

CityLink ADM

254

CityLink

CityLink

 

5.1

21x2 Mbit/s Extension Board

254

5.1.1

Drop or Continue

254

5.1.2

PRBS Test - Check

258

5.1.3

PRBS Test - Generators

260

5.1.4

Production Data - 21x2Mbit/s Extension board

262

5.2

DS3/E3 Extension Board

263

5.2.1

DS3/E3 Configuration

263

5.2.2

DS3/E3 Frame Structure Configuration

265

5.3

ADM STM-1 Extension Board (X-Connect)

267

5.3.1

X-Connect Frame Structure Configuration

267

5.3.2

X-Connect Configuration

268

6.0

Hot Standby

270

6.1

General

270

6.1.1

Functionality

270

6.1.2

Element ID

271

6.1.2

Looping Configuration

273

6.1.3

Hot Standby Configuration

275

6.1.4

Hot Standby Switching Criteria

276

6.1.4

Reconfiguring a Hot Standby IDU for use in 1+0 Configuration

278

6.1.5

Reconfiguring a 1+0 IDU for use in Hot StandBy Configuration

278

SECTION VIII CityLink Fast Ethernet Configuration 279

Hyperterminal & Telnet

280

1.0

Hyperterminal & Telnet Commands

280

2.0

How to get this link alive

281

2.1 How to get this link alive, parameters

281

2.2 Testing

281

3.0

Top Level Commands

282

3.1

Top Level Commands, Example

283

CityLink

CityLink

4.0

Submenu Commands

284

4.1

EEB Submenu

284

4.2

Baseband Submenu

285

4.3

Modem Submenu (part of IDU)

286

4.4

Radio Submenu (part of ODU)

287

4.4.1

Radio Status, Example

288

4.4.2

Radio Commands, Example of Error Message

288

4.5

SU Submenu (part of IDU)

289

4.6

Security Submenu

289

4.7

Performance Submenu

290

4.8

Configuration Submenu

290

4.8.1

Management Settings

291

4.9

Test & Fault Submenu

291

4.10

Q1module Submenu

292

5.0

Software Upgrade Procedure for

the CityLink Fast Ethernet Device

293

5.1

How to download a file to the IDU:

294

5.1.1

Using the Console FTP Client

294

5.1.2

Using the Internet Explorer

295

5.2

How to download a file to the ODU

296

NEW Network Management System

297

6.0

Start NEW-NMS & Connect

297

7.0

Network Element Configuration

300

8.0

Element Node

302

8.1

Element Id

302

8.2

NE Clock

303

8.3

Software Versions

304

8.4

Production Data

305

8.5

SNMP Agent(s) Settings

306

8.6

Trap Table

308

8.7

MIB II - System Group

309

8.8

MIB-II SNMP Group

311

8.9

Looping

312

8.9.1

Main Traffic Loops

313

CityLink

CityLink

 

8.9.2 Wayside Loops

315

8.9.3 64 kbit/s Loops

316

9.0

In Door Unit (IDU)

317

9.1

64 kbit/s Channels

317

9.2

Ethernet Extension Board

317

9.2.1

Ethernet Ports

318

9.2.2

2 Mbit/s Ports

319

9.3

Wayside Channel

320

9.4

Auxiliary Output

321

9.5

BER Thresholds

323

9.6

Laser Control

325

10.0

Out Door Unit (ODU)

327

10.1 Antenna Data

327

10.2 Power Settings

328

10.3 Frequency Settings

330

11.0

Performance

332

11.1

G826 Performance

332

11.2

Port Performance

334

11.3

Repeater Performance

335

12.0

Fault

336

12.1

NE Alarm Log

336

13.0

Security

337

13.1

Security Log

337

SNMP & MIB Description

338

14.0

General

338

15.0

Supported MIB’s

338

16.0

MIB Overview

339

16.1 Unit

340

16.2 IDU

341

CityLink

CityLink

16.3 ODU

342

16.4 Test Manager

343

16.5 Performance Manager

344

16.6 Fault Manager

345

16.7 Analogue Value

346

16.8 Security Manager

346

SECTION IX

Troubleshooting

347

1.0

General

348

2.0

Description of Alarm LEDs

348

2.1 IDU Alarm LEDs

348

2.2 HSB-IDU Alarm LEDs and Switch Indicators

348

2.3 LEDs on Line Interface Plug-in Boards

349

3.0

Troubleshooting by NEW-NMS Configurator

349

3.1

Introduction

349

3.2

Information Acquisition

349

3.2.1

Polling

349

3.2.2

Event Notification

350

3.3

Alarm Presentation

350

3.4

Visual Alarm Notification

351

3.4.1

Alarms on a Tree node/leaf in the Explorer view . 351

3.4.2

Alarms on a Node symbol in the Map view

352

3.4.3

Viewing Alarms in the Current Alarms View

353

SECTION X

Appendices

355

Appendix I: IDU / HSB-IDU Interface Description

356

Appendix II: ODU Interface Description

370

Appendix III: Alarm List & Alarm Description

371

Equipment Description S ECTION I Equipment Description B4008 Rev. M 2 1

Equipment Description

SECTION I

Equipment

Description

CityLink

CityLink

1.0

Introduction

CityLink is a super compact SDH radio-relay transmission system with STM- 1 capacity. The equipment is split mounted with one single coaxial cable between the InDoor Unit (IDU) and the OutDoor Unit (ODU). The ODU and antenna can be located up to 300 meter apart from the IDU. The equipment is available in 1+0 (single), 2+0 or 1+1 hot standby configurations. Various line and tributary interface options are available as plug-in modules. The equipment is also prepared for 21x2Mbit/s terminal multiplexer functionality.

The network applications foreseen for this equipment are mainly for in- creased connectivity in urban area as well as closure of fiber optic rings. Additionally, in the fixed part of mobile networks, this equipment is suitable.

Built-in supervision enables easy installation and configuration, and sys- tem status and availability data may be recorded. Advanced management with standardized use of the Embedded Control Channel (ECC) allows for easy access to this equipment. Broadband RF design enables easy channel selection.

Key features Equipment Description • Easy installation • Frequency agility • 155 Mb/s Line interface

Key features

Equipment Description

Easy installation

Frequency agility

155 Mb/s Line interface plug-ins available:

Unbalanced 75coaxial Balanced, Category 5 UTP, 100 Single Mode fiber optic Multi Mode fiber optic

SW managed configuration of 32, 64 and 128 TCM modulation

SW managed configuration of STM-0 or STM-1 capacity

21x2Mbits/s terminal multiplexer option

3xDS3/E3 and DS1 option

ADM STM-1 option (STM-1 cross-connect)

Fast ethernet radio option

64kbit/s and 2Mbit/s insert channels

Service Channel / Engineering Orderwire

Line extensions (2) for Service Channel

Built-in diagnostics with local and remote loopback

Available Configurations:

1+0(Unprotected) (STM-1&STM-0) 1+1 (Hot Standby) (STM-1&STM-0) 2+0Dualfrequency,SinglePolarisation(DF-SP) (2xSTM-1&STM-0) 2+0Singlefrequency,DualPolarisation(SF-DP) (2xSTM-1&STM-0)

High system gain

Automatic/Manual Transmitter Power Control (ATPC/MTPC)

Standardized use of the ECC

Embedded SNMP (Option)

14, 28, 50 & 55 (56) MHz channel arrangements

2MHz synchronization interfaces (SETS)

Interface for local and subnetwork management (LAN or RS-232)

CityLink

CityLink

2.0

IDU

2.1 IDU Description

Figures X-1 shows the IDU front layout. All the connectors are located on the front

Figures X-1 shows the IDU front layout. All the connectors are located on the front for easy operation. In addition to the All the connectors are located on the front for easy operation. In addition to the line interface, 2Mbit/s wayside and 64kbit/s data channels are available. As options, a 21x2 Mbit/ s terminal multiplexer, ADM STM-1 (X-Connect) or DS3/E3 can be config- ured by adding a second circuit board. The IDU is equipped with an integrated supervisory system for local and remote configuration and control. The supervisory system communicates with the ODU by use of an FSK modulated channel on the coaxial cable. The same coaxial cable also carries power to the ODU. For configuration and management purposes the IDU is equipped with two LCT interfaces for connection to the PC, one with RS-232 interface and one LAN TP interface. In addition NI interfaces for connection to other IDUs or other Nera equipment are provided. A SETS function is incorporated into the unit, conforming to ITU-T rec. G.823 with balanced 120interface. The IDU has a connector for alarm input/output functionality (ALM/AUX). Alarm and warning LEDs are located on right hand side of front. Located close to the power connector is a power indicating LED.

Figure I-1 shows a block schematic view of the IDU with various optional line interface

Figure I-1 shows a block schematic view of the IDU with various optional line interface plug-in boards and also a 21x2 Mbit/s of the IDU with various optional line interface plug-in boards and also a 21x2 Mbit/s Extension Board. In radio transmit direction, the 155 Mb/s input signal from the line interface board is fed to the “SORP” ASIC. It performs all the SOH processing and radio scrambling. Then, the TX FPGA encodes the signal by use of a convolution code and an optional Reed Solomom code. The signal is then mapped into

a “32TCM”, “64TCM” or “128TCM” constellation, as required. It also

performs the necessary pulse shaping by use of a digital FIR-filter. The signal

is then digitally I-Q modulated, and the 350MHz IF signal is fed to the ODU

interface and applied to the IF coaxial connector. In receive direction the 140MHz IF from the ODU will interface the IDU on the same connector. The

necessary cable equalizing functions are provided in the ODU interface and the equalized IF is presented to the coherent demodulator. From the demod- ulator the signal is fed to the RX FPGA, which perform slope equalization and receive filtering. Then the “ATDEC” ASIC, performs Trellis decoding, by use of soft decision and the “Viterbi” algorithm for error correction. The optional Reed Solomon decoding is performed in the RX FPGA. The decoded signal

is then fed to the SORP ASIC for radio descrambling and SOH processing,

and is finally fed to the line interface board.

Equipment Description 21x2 Mb/s LINE INTFC./ADD-DROP EXTENSION BD. ASIC's TRIBUTARY DATA FPGA MAPPER 1 NO.

Equipment Description

21x2 Mb/s LINE INTFC./ADD-DROP EXTENSION BD. ASIC's TRIBUTARY DATA FPGA MAPPER 1 NO. 1 TRIBUTARY
21x2 Mb/s LINE INTFC./ADD-DROP EXTENSION BD.
ASIC's
TRIBUTARY
DATA
FPGA
MAPPER
1
NO. 1
TRIBUTARY
21x2 Mb/s
INTERFACE
G.703
BLOCK
21
NO. 2
TRIBUTARY
DATA
MAPPER
NO. 1
"E1"
4x
87.5 MHz
3x
OSC.
FPGA
2MHz SYNC
SYNC.
SOURCE
G.703
TX:
INTERPOLATION
INTERFACE
ENCODER
MODULATION
MAPPER
D/A CONVERSION
Optical MMF ~2Km
or Optical SMF ~15Km
or Optical SMF ~40Km
or Optical SMF ~80Km
or Electr. CAT5 UTP
or Electr. G.703
FILTER
UPCONVERSION
ASIC
"SORP"
ODU
155 Mb/s
STM-1
ODU
OVERHEAD
INTERFACE
LINE
AND
FPGA
INTERFACE
RADIO
RX:
"H2"
PROCESSOR
CARRIER REC.
DOWNCONVERSION
CLOCK REC.
A/D CONVERSION
HSB IDU INTFC.
DEMAPPER
2Mb/s WAYSIDE
DECODER
DCC
2x
SVCE
V11/G.703
ASIC
PHONE
2 x 64 Kb/s
INTERFACE
"ATDEC"
93.3 MHz
INTERFACE
OSC.
TRELLIS
PHONE
SOURCE
DECODER
2 x PHONE EXT.
MODEM TRANSCEIVER COMMUNICATION
ALM/AUX
ALARMS
SUPER-
INTFC.
VISORY
SYSTEM
LCT
LAN (10BASE-T)
FIFO BUS
2 x NI
REGULATED
48V DC
DC / DC
OUTPUTS
MAIN BD.
File: IDU-HRQI.DSF

Figure I-1

Block schematic view of the IDU

CityLink

CityLink

2.2 Hot Standby IDU Description

CityLink 2.2 Hot Standby IDU Description Figure X-2 shows the HSB IDU front layout. The connectors

Figure X-2 shows the HSB IDU front layout. The connectors on the front are identical to the ones used on the IDU and The connectors on the front are identical to the ones used on the IDU and is therefore not further described here. Additionally, a second power connector is added for power redundancy enabling separate battery courses. Figure I-2 shows a
Additionally, a second power connector is added for power redundancy enabling separate battery courses. Figure I-2

block schematic view of the IDU with various optional line interface plug- in boards. Interconnection of data and control signals between IDUs (A and B) and HSB IDU is by means of a connector and special split cable. This cable is part of the HSB cable kit. In a 1+1 HSB system, all the customer interfaces are towards the HSB IDU. These signals are disabled on the IDU in such a configuration. The same alarm and warning LEDs used on IDU is also used here. Additionally, a second power indicating LED is located close to the redundant power connector. Also, an array of four LEDs, located on the right hand side in close proximity to the alarm/warning LEDs, indicates switching status in transmit and receive direction.

Equipment Description 3xE3/DS3 EXTENSION BD. ASIC's TRIBUTARY DATA FPGA MAPPER NO. 1 TRIBUTARY INTERFACE
Equipment Description
3xE3/DS3 EXTENSION BD.
ASIC's
TRIBUTARY
DATA
FPGA
MAPPER
NO. 1
TRIBUTARY
INTERFACE
3x34/45 Mb/s
BLOCK
G.703
TRIBUTARY
DATA
1.5 Mb/s WAYSIDE
PHY
MAPPER
NO. 1
"E1"
SYNC.
2MHz SYNC
INTERFACE
G.703
Optical MMF ~2Km
or Optical SMF ~15Km
or Optical SMF ~40Km
or Optical SMF ~80Km
or Electr. CAT5 UTP
or Electr. G.703
ASIC
"SORP"
155 Mb/s
SDH
OVERHEAD
LINE
AND
INTERFACE
RADIO
"H1"
PROCESSOR
IDU A INTFC. (R)
IDU B INTFC. (P)
DCC
2Mb/s WAYSIDE
SVCE
V11/G.703
PHONE
2 x 64 Kb/s
INTERFACE
INTERFACE
PHONE
2 x PHONE EXT.
ALM/AUX
ALARMS
SUPER-
INTFC.
VISORY
SYSTEM
LCT
LAN (10BASE-T)
FIFO BUS
2 x NI
REGULATED
48V DC
DC / DC
OUTPUTS
MAIN BD HSB IDU.
File: HSBIDU-HRQE.DRW

Figure I-2

Block schematic view of the HSB IDU (shown here with DS3/E3 Extension Board)

CityLink

CityLink

2.3 Line Interface Boards

Six different versions of 155 Mb/s line interface boards are presently available as plug-in modules. These are:

Electrical, 75unbalanced interface bd. according to ITU-T rec. G.703.

CAT-5 UTP electrical interface bd. according to ATM Forum rec. af-phy-0015.000.

Multimode Fiber optical interface bd. according to ANSI rec. T1.646 and T1.105.06 type “SR-0”.

Singelmode Fiber optical interface bd. according to ITU-T rec. G.957, type “S-1.1”.

Singelmode Fiber optical interface bd. according to ITU-T rec. G.957, type “L-1.1”.

Singelmode Fiber optical interface bd. according to ITU-T rec. G.957, type “L-1.2”.

In a 1+1 HSB system, the line interface board will only be used on the HSB

IDU. All the interface boards have an input signal indicating LED.

2.4 Service Telephone

A service telephone with collective call is provided in both the IDU and

HSB IDU. In a 1+1 HSB system, the customer interface connection must

be towards the HSB IDU.

customer interface connection must be towards the HSB IDU. External connection to two other similar equipment

External connection to two other similar equipment can take place via two RJ-45 ports on the front. Refer to Appendix I for connector pin-out and description and Figure I-3 for circuit diagram of the service channel interface. The balanced interfaces have a nominal level of -6dBm and 600impedance. Connect OUT to INP and vice versa.

Service channel signalling is based on collective call. The DTMF-star sequence is used as collective call to interface with other Nera equipment.

If other equipment connected have a different calling system than DTMF-

star, they may use CALL INP/CALL OUT. Station ground connected to CALL INP will start transmission of DTMF-star as well as activating a buzzer. A detected DTMF-star will activate the CALL OUT by opening an optocoupler to station ground.

For Nera PDH-radio equipped with Service Board 2NF467A, CALL INP has to be connected to CALL OUT and vice versa.

Equipment Description A control signal can be transferred over the radio hop. Station ground connected

Equipment Description

A control signal can be transferred over the radio hop. Station ground connected to CTRL INP will set a signalling bit which is detected on the other side and activates CTRL OUT by opening an optocoupler to station be transferred over the radio hop. Station ground connected to CTRL INP will set a signalling

ground. See Figure I-3. The control signal is used to control PABX- adapters and to switch off loudspeakers on Nera service boards with selective call (e.g. 2NF4688, 2NF533B and 2KNF232A). The control signal is transferred only if SOH-byte “E1”, “E2” or “F1” is used for transmission of service channel.

For setup by NEW, refer to Section VII.or “F1” is used for transmission of service channel. 1k +5V 2 1 2 3 16

1k +5V 2 1 2 3 16 1 BYM122 CALLOUT/ 2 3 10k CTRLOUT 1
1k
+5V
2
1
2
3 16
1
BYM122
CALLOUT/
2
3
10k
CTRLOUT
1
PC3Q66Q
2
1
2
CALL_OUT/
1 BSR19A
CTRL_OUT
15
2
BSR19A
1
CALL_INP/
CALLINP/
10k
CTRL_INP
CTRLINP
1
2
1
3
14
10k
1k
+3.3V
1
2
PC3Q66Q
2
4
13
-48V
BAS16
1
2
3

Figure I-3

“Service Channel CALL" Circuit Diagram

CityLink

CityLink

2.5 21x2Mbit/s Extension Board (option)

CityLink 2.5 21x2Mbit/s Extension Board (option) In Figure I-4, a block schematic depiction of a 21x2Mbit/s

In Figure I-4, a block schematic depiction of a 21x2Mbit/s Extension Board function are given. This function enables twenty-one 2Mbit/s channels to be multiplexed/demultiplexed, enabling a terminal multiplex function. It is possible to configure the unit to drop a certain number of 2Mbit/s channels while delivering the rest as a part of the STM-1 payload in a “drop-and- continue” configuration. In a standard terminal multiplexer configuration, the plug-in line interface board is omitted. The 2Mbit/s channels conform to ITU-T rec. G.703, balanced 120. Also provided on the same circuit board is the option of using one of the 2Mbit/s channels as SETS reference clock input/output, according to ITU-T rec. G.823.

In a 1+1 HSB system, this interface board will be mounted in the HSB IDU.
In a 1+1 HSB system, this interface board will be mounted in the HSB IDU.
In a 1+0 system it will be included in the IDU.
21x2 Mb/s LINE INTFC./ADD-DROP EXTENSION BD.
ASIC's
TRIBUTARY
DATA
To/from
ASIC
MAPPER
the
1
NO. 1
IDU's
TRIBUTARY
SDH
21x2 Mb/s
INTERFACE
Overhead
G.703
BLOCK
21
and
NO. 1
Radio
TRIBUTARY
Processor
DATA
(SORP)
MAPPER
NO. 1

Figure I-4

Block schematic view of the 21x2Mbit/s Extension Board

2.6 ADM STM-1 (X-Connect) Extension Board (option)

The Extension Bd. ADM STM-1, which is a part of the Indoor unit in the NERA CityLink, is an optional ITU-T standard STM-1 interface implemented for 155 Mbit/s signal entry and exit in a ring topology. The STM-1 entry signal into the ring is split and transmitted to line and radio side in parallel. Signals exiting the ring are received from line and radio side. These are up to 63xVC- 12s from either side and they are protected, i.e. they shall be switched individually if a break somewhere in the ring occurs. Also, the system will handle any allowed combination of VC-3s and VC-12s.

In Figure I-5, a block schematic of the STM-1 Extension Board functions is shown. The STM-1Extension Board will interface one STM-1 line signal in Tx- and Rx-direction. The STM-1 interface is interchangeable in the following

Equipment Description way: In a slot in the STM-1Extension Board, a line interface board is

Equipment Description

way: In a slot in the STM-1Extension Board, a line interface board is inserted. Presently one type of board is implemented: The plug-in board compliant with ITU-T G.703 CMI encoded 155 Mbit/s customer interface; 2LN24C. A green LED, located on the front of the board indicates presence of an input signal. The line interface board is mounted on the extension board prior to this being mounted within the IDU cabinet. This means that the line interface board will not be used as a plug-in type board in this application.

SOH processing and line scrambling /descrambling on the STM-1 interface are performed by the SORP ASIC. The TDM1 ASICs perform insertion, extraction, signal processing and cross-connection of data in the payload of the STM-1 frame and also make error and performance measurements on VC-3 and error measurements on VC-12. The PLD14 FPGA makes perform- ance measurements on VC-12s embedded in the STM-1 datastreams from two TDM1 ASICs. The measurement results are used to choose individual VC-12s from the two datastreams in TDM1 ASIC no.1 and TDM1 ASIC no.2. The selection is done by the SU in TDM1 ASIC no. 3. See Figure I-5.

TDM1 ASIC no 1——PLD14 FPGA———————TDM1 ASIC no 3 ————————

TDM1 ASIC no 2 ————————-

SORP ASIC no 2 —————————

Line Interface Board ———————-

IDU CONN TDM1 PLD14 TDM1 RADIO FPGA LINE TDM1 LINE EXTENSION BOARD SORP EXT BOARD
IDU CONN
TDM1
PLD14
TDM1
RADIO
FPGA
LINE
TDM1
LINE
EXTENSION
BOARD
SORP
EXT BOARD
LINE
INTERFACE
CARD

Figure I-5 Block schematic view of the ADM STM-1 Extension Board

CityLink

CityLink

2.6 3xDS3/E3 and DS1 Extension Board (option)

DS3 is a 45Mbit/s PDH standard used for the North American marked, E3 is 34Mb/s PDH standard used for the European marked and the DS1 is a 1.5Mbit/s PDH standard used for the North American marked. The 3xDS3/ E3 and DS1 Ext. Bd., which is a part of the Indoor unit in the NERA CityLink, will perform add-drop of 3xDS3/E3 PDH channels to-from a STM-1 frame. In additional it will perform insertion and extraction of 1.5 Mbit/s wayside (DS1/

T1).

In Figure I-6, a block schematic of the 3xDS3/E3 and DS1 Ext. Bd. functions are shown. The 3xDS3/E3 and DS1 Ext. Bd. will interface three DS3/E3 and one DS1 line signal in Tx- and Rx-direction. The line interface circuit includes; cable equalizer, line coding and pulse shaping functions. This is performed by two Line Interface Unites (LIU), one for DS3/E3 an one for DS1. SOH overhead and radio processor is located oh the motherboard in the IDU.

The PLD15 FPGA maps the 3xDS3/E3 into three VC3s, then into a VC4 and then into a STM-1 signal and de-maps in the opposite direction. The STM- 1 signal is locked to a 2.048 MHz input (SETS) coming from the motherboard. The TDM1 ASIC performs insertion, extraction and cross-connection of data in the payload of the STM-1 frame. Together, the two TDM1s and PLD15 implement the core of a DS3/E3 add-drop multiplexer. The 1.5 Mbit/s Wayside (DS1/T1) function is implemented in PLD15 and is independent of the TDM1 ASICs.

3xDS3/E3 and T1 EXT. BOARD IDU CONNECTOR TDM1 48 V No. 1 DC/DC LINE PLD15
3xDS3/E3 and T1 EXT. BOARD
IDU CONNECTOR
TDM1
48 V
No. 1
DC/DC
LINE
PLD15
TDM1
+3.3 V
No. 2
+1.5 V
RADIO
T1 LIU
3xDS3/E3

Figure I-6 Block schematic view of the 3xDS3/E3 Extension Board

Equipment Description 2.6 Ethernet Extension Board (CityLink Fast Ethernet) In Figure I-7 , a block

Equipment Description

2.6 Ethernet Extension Board (CityLink Fast Ethernet)

2.6 Ethernet Extension Board (CityLink Fast Ethernet) In Figure I-7 , a block schematic description of

In Figure I-7, a block schematic description of an Ethernet Extension Board (EEB) is given. This function enables 4 separate Ethernet channels 10BASE- T/100BASE-TX and 4 separate 2Mbit channels conforming to ITU-T rec. G.703. The EEB will treat all 8 channels separately, meaning that all data entering on one channel will leave on the same channel on the other side of the radio hop. All channels are full duplex. The four Ethernet and four 2Mbit/ s channels shares the STM-1 data capacity. The 2Mbit channels, if enabled, will always be guaranteed full bandwidth. The 4 Ethernet channels can be configured to either equally share the STM-1 data frame, or one channel can be given priority. The EEB has a limited on board Ethernet package buffer capacity. This gives the ability to handle short time 100Mbit/s bursts on all four channels without package loss. Also the EEB supports flow control, making it possible to configure a 400Mbit full duplex network without package loss, even though the radio hop is limited to STM-1 data rate.

4x RJ45

Ethernet

4x RJ45

2Mbit

Ethernet to/from STM1 and 2Mbit/s mapper/demapper

Ethernet to/from STM1 and 2Mbit mapper/demapper

Ethernet Interface
Ethernet
Interface

To from IDU main board

mapper/demapper Ethernet Interface To from IDU main board 2 Mbit/s 2/1.5Mbit Interface Interface Figure I-7 Block
2 Mbit/s 2/1.5Mbit Interface Interface
2 Mbit/s
2/1.5Mbit
Interface
Interface

Figure I-7 Block schematic view of the Ethernet Extension Board

CityLink

CityLink

3.0

ODU

3.1 ODU Type I Description

The ODU Type I is an assembly of branching unit and transceiver unit mounted behind the antenna or on a mounting frame on a pole/column. The ODU is connected to the IDU with a single coaxial cable. The coaxial cable

provides Tx-IF, Rx-IF, signalling and power supply. For flexibility and easy installation, the coaxial cable is con- nected to the transceiver through the branching unit. The transceiver is at- tached to the branching with a snap on system. With this solution, the coaxial cable may remain connected during

transceiver replacement. In 1+0 con- figuration the branching unit is for a single transceiver and in Hot Standby configurations the branching is for dual transceivers. The ODU and the antenna are assembled very closely together making it very compact. Nevertheless the antenna can be separated from the ODU by use of a flexible waveguide.

be separated from the ODU by use of a flexible waveguide. The branching unit contains RF

The branching unit contains RF channel filters, circulators and overvoltage protection. The Hot Standby branching contains in addition a RF switch for transmit direction and a RF power splitter for the receive direction.

The transceiver unit contains a microwave Tx/Rx module, a synthesised local oscillator and a transceiver main board, all in a waterproof housing. The transceiver is based on dual frequency conversion in the transmitter and triple conversion in the receiver. This radio architecture with high IF frequencies allows for use of wide band branching filters while still maintaining excellent spectrum purity in transmitter and high selectivity

in receiver. The use of wide band branching filters allows for a wide choice

of remote channel frequency selection without changing hardware.

The microwave module is an integrated multi-chip module with GaAs HEMT MMICs for Power Amplifier and Low Noise Amplifier. The

necessary LO frequencies for the frequency converters are generated in

a low phase noise synthesiser unit. The channel frequency is remotely

programmed from the indoor unit. Transmit/receive IF-chain, control- circuits, signalling and power supply are integrated on the transceiver main

board.

Equipment Description TRANSCEIVER UNIT BRANCHING ANTENNA UNIT UNIT TRANSCEIVER MAIN BOARD MICROWAVE MODULE 350 MHz

Equipment Description

TRANSCEIVER UNIT BRANCHING ANTENNA UNIT UNIT TRANSCEIVER MAIN BOARD MICROWAVE MODULE 350 MHz 350 MHz
TRANSCEIVER UNIT
BRANCHING
ANTENNA
UNIT
UNIT
TRANSCEIVER MAIN BOARD
MICROWAVE MODULE
350 MHz
350 MHz
CAB.
PRE-
EQ.
DIST
SYNTHESIZER
UHF LO
DUPLEX
IF
IF LOOP
FREQ
IN /
OUT
2 GHz
SYNTH
210 MHz
7 GHz
XN
FIXED
UHF LO
UHF
IF
140 MHz
350
MHz
IF
CTRL / M/T COM / POWER
PWR
M
IN / OUT
/ T COM
DC PWR

Figure I-8

Block schematic view of the ODU Type I, 18GHz, in 1+0 configuration

CityLink

CityLink

3.2 ODU Type II Description

The Type II of the ODU consists of a weatherproof box containing the branching system. The ODU box is mounted on a pole/column behind the anten- na. The Transceiver unit is a plug-in unit mounted in the box. In 1+0 configuration the ODU box con- tains a 1+0 branching unit for a single transceiver and in Hot Standby configurations the ODU box contains a Hot Standby branching unit and dual transceivers. The branching unit contains RF chan- nel filters and the diplexer. The Hot Standby branch- ing contains in addition an RF switch for transmit direction and an RF power splitter for the receive direction.

and an RF power splitter for the receive direction. The transceiver unit contains 7 modules/sub-units; a

The transceiver unit contains 7 modules/sub-units;

a microwave transmitter module, a receiver mod-

ule, 3 local oscillators, an IF &controller board and a detector board. The

transceiver is connected to the modem/IDU with a single coaxial cable that carries Tx-IF, Rx-IF and signalling (MTcom). Power is supplied through

a separate connector (D-sub), and for the split mount case this power is separated from the coaxial cable in the ODU container (box).

separated from the coaxial cable in the ODU container (box). The transceiver utilises a single conversion

The transceiver utilises a single conversion scheme in the transmitter and

a dual conversion in the receiver. In order to obtain an optimum spectrum

mask, the transmitter chain contains predistortion circuitry at IF before the microwave upconverter and power amplifier. Narrow channel filters in the branching unit further reduces the spectrum mask. The second convert- er in the receive chain allows for an IF loop-back facility for diagnostics purposes. LO frequencies for the microwave frequency converters are generated in synthesised DROs. The oscillators are by nature fixed in frequency, i.e. they can only be remotely programmed within a narrow range. When necessary, the oscillators can be adjusted within a range of approx. 200 MHz with a mechanical screw (see Section VII Chapter 4.5.2.3 for guidance). Power supply, transmit/receive IF-chain, signalling and controller (DSP) for the transceiver are integrated on the IF &control- ler board.

The branching unit contains narrow RF channel filters and circulators.

RF out

RF in

FLTR &

IF loop

AGC

AGC & Cable equalizer

140 MHz

350 MHz

IF&CTRL Bd.

DC/DC

Multi- plexer

Com.

MT-

48V

MHz

MHz

MTcom

Rx IF

Tx IF

350

140

Multi- plexer Com. MT- 48V MHz MHz MTcom Rx IF Tx IF 350 140 Equipment Description

Equipment Description

XMTR Module SSB Predistortion & Power Upconverter AGC Amplifier LO, IMD mxr Synthesizer Unit 350
XMTR Module
SSB
Predistortion &
Power
Upconverter
AGC
Amplifier
LO, IMD mxr
Synthesizer Unit
350
MHz
Tx LO
IF-
Tx-
Synt.
Synt.
IMD
LO
Det.
Det.
Rx LO
Rx-
Synt.
210 MHz
350
140 MHz
MHz
DSB
FLTR &
Low Noise
IMR
Mixer
AGC
Amplifier
Mixer
RCVR Module

Figure I-9

C T R L

CTRL

Block schematic view of the ODU Type II, 7GHz, in 1+0 configuration

CityLink

CityLink

3.3 ODU Type III Description

Type III of the ODU consists of a single ODU (in 1+0 configuration) mounted behind the antenna and attached to the antenna by means of four snap-on clamps. The ODU is connected to the IDU via a single coaxial cable which carries transmitter IF, receive IF and control and monitoring signals, as well as DC power. In 2+0 and 1+1 hot stand- by configurations both ODUs are at- tached by the same snap-on clamps to a branching hybrid. This hybrid can ei- ther be bolted directly to the antenna or via a short length of flexible waveguide. The branching hybrid contains an RF splitter and combiner.

The branching hybrid contains an RF splitter and combiner. The ODU consists of a weatherproof housing

The ODU consists of a weatherproof housing containing a microwave transmit/receive module, a synthesised local oscillator module and an IF and control transceiver main board. The transceiver is based on a dual up- conversion and triple down-conversion scheme, which allows the use of wide-band duplex filters and therefore a wide choice of remote channel frequency selection. To optimise the transmitter spectrum the transmitter employs pre-distortion at IF as well as cable equalisation to correct for variable loss and slope in the cable.

The microwave transmit/receive module consists of a multi-chip module using a set of GaAs HEMT MMICs, both for the transmitter power amplifier and the low-noise receiver. The required local oscillator signals are fed from the synthesised local oscillator module and up-converted using a diode multiplier. The channel frequency is remotely selected via the IDU. Transmit/receive IF multiplexing, control and monitoring and power supply functions are all integrated on the transceiver main board.

Equipment Description SLOPE PRE- DIST EQUALISER UHF LO1 (LO2) DUPLEX FREQ. DIPLEXERDIPLEXER SYNTHEZISER 7-9 GHz

Equipment Description

SLOPE PRE- DIST EQUALISER UHF LO1 (LO2) DUPLEX FREQ. DIPLEXERDIPLEXER SYNTHEZISER 7-9 GHz 210MHz UHF
SLOPE
PRE-
DIST
EQUALISER
UHF LO1 (LO2)
DUPLEX
FREQ.
DIPLEXERDIPLEXER
SYNTHEZISER
7-9 GHz
210MHz
UHF LO2 (LO1)
MAIN BOARD
MICROWAVE CONVERTER
TRANSCEIVER
ANTENNA

Figure I-10

Block schematic view of the ODU Type III

CityLink

CityLink

4.0

Management

An integrated supervision system makes the CityLink capable of function- ing as a Network Element (NE) in a managed SDH transmission network. Management and supervision of the CityLink can be performed in various ways from very simple alarm monitoring to standardised management through optional built-in NE agents. Standardised use of Q ECC , according to ITU-T Rec. G.784, is provided.

As an option, the CityLink also supports embedded SNMP agent that can be controlled by SNMP based manager supplied by the service provider.

For element and network management the NEW-NMS (Nera Element vieW - Network Management System) software provides the full range of manage- ment functionality; Fault, Performance, Security and Configuration.

The integrated SNMP agent provides interface to higher level Network Management Systems.

interface to higher level Network Management Systems. The alternative interfaces available at the IDU are

The alternative interfaces available at the IDU are described in Appendix I; IDU Interface Description.

5.0 System Configurations

CityLink is available in the following configurations:

Frequency Band

L6 – 11 GHz

13 – 15 GHz

18 – 23 GHz

26 – 38 GHz

1+0 (Unprotected)

 

OK

1+1 (Hot Standby)

 

OK

1+1 Frequency Diversity

 

OK

NA

1+1 (Hot Standby) – Dual Baseband

OK

OK

OK

NA

1+1 (Hot Standby) – Dual antenna

TBD

TBD

TBD

OK

2+0 Dual frequency – Single polarisation (DF-SP)

 

OK

2+0 Single frequency – Dual Polarisation (SF-DP)

NA

NA

32 TCM only

32 TCM only 1

2+0 Alternating Polarisation (AP)

 

OK 1

1+0 prepared for 2+0

 

OK

Table I-1

System Configurations

Equipment Description Space Diversity and Hybrid Space Diversity is available as specified in the table

Equipment Description

Space Diversity and Hybrid Space Diversity is available as specified in the table below.

Frequency Band

L6 – 11 GHz

13 – 15 GHz

18 – 23 GHz

26 – 38 GHz

Space Diversity with IF combining 1+0,1+1 FD, HSB

OK

NA

NA

NA

Hybrid Space Diversity (HSB)

OK

NA

NA

NA

Hybrid Space Diversity (1+1 FD)

OK

OK

OK

NA

5.1

Table I-2

Space Diversity Configurations

1+0Configuration

This system consists of one indoor unit and one outdoor unit interconnected with a single coaxial cable.

Figure1-11 shows a 1+0 system overview. Each of the shaded area represents a function or unit. The IDU is a single unit with plug-in STM-1 line interface and the optional Multiplexer Unit. The ODU is assembled by transceiver and branching.

 

155 Mb/s

STM-1/OC-3

 

Optional

 
Plug-in Plug-in  
Plug-in Plug-in  

Plug-in

Plug-in

 
 

Line Interface

Multiplex Unit

 

Aux

SDH/SONET Processing Management & SNMP Agent
SDH/SONET Processing Management & SNMP Agent
SDH/SONET Processing
SDH/SONET
Processing
Management & SNMP Agent
Management
&
SNMP Agent
 

feeding

 
traffic Modulator Demodulator   protection

traffic

Modulator

Demodulator

 

protection

Management

Management

overvoltage

& power

   

DC

Management overvoltage & power     DC Coaxial cable (up to 300 m) Indoor unit (IDU)

Coaxial cable

(up to 300 m)

Indoor unit (IDU)

Figure I-11

1+0 System Overview

Transceiver Branching
Transceiver
Branching

Antenna

CityLink

CityLink

5.2 Hot Standby Configuration

In Hot Standby configuration the IDU, the transceiver unit, and the coaxial

cable between IDU and ODU are duplicated. The two transceivers share the same branching unit/hybrid. A switch at radio frequency level, included in the branching unit 1 , allows for switching between the two transmitters. A Switching Unit is placed between the two IDUs and performs hitless switching in the receive direction. The STM-1 line interface and Multiplex plug-in modules are mounted in this switching unit. Signal interconnection between the IDUs and the switching unit is by a multi connector and a split cable.

1) Some ODU types use a passive combiner/splitter at RF level.

SDH/SONET Processing Management Coaxial cable (up to 300 m) Transceiver Unit 155Mbit/s STM-1/OC-3 Optional
SDH/SONET
Processing
Management
Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)
Transceiver
Unit
155Mbit/s
STM-1/OC-3
Optional
Plug-in
plug-in
Branching
Line Interface
Multiplex Unit
Aux
Unit
traffic
Management
SDH/SONET
&
Management
Processing
SNMP Agent
Transceiver
Unit
SDH/SONET
Outdoor unit (ODU)
Processing
Management
Modulator
Modulator
Demodulator
Demodulator
DC
feeding
DC
feeding
& power
overvoltage
& power
overvoltage
protection
protection

Antenna

unit

Figure I-12

Indoor unit (IDU)

1+1 Frequency Diversity and Hot Standby System Overview

5.3 1+1 Frequency Diversity

A 1+1 Frequency Diversity system contains duplicated IDU and ODU and

a 1+1 FD branching. (Dual polarised branching can also be used.). A

switching Unit is placed between the two IDUs and performs hitless switching in the receive direction. The interface units are mounted in the switching unit. Signal interconnection between the IDUs and the switching unit is by a multi connector and a split cable.

Equipment Description 5.4 Hot Standby Configuration – Dual Antenna The Hot Standby configuration is for

Equipment Description

5.4 Hot Standby Configuration – Dual Antenna

The Hot Standby configuration is for 26-38 GHz also available with duplicat- ed antenna. There is no Tx-switch at radio frequency level and the standby transmitter is muted. Both receivers are active and selection of receive signal is performed by the IDU-switch. This configuration gives better system gain as no HSB-hybrid loss is added.

SDH/SONET Processing Management Transceiver Unit Coaxial cable (up to 300 m) 155Mbit/s Branching STM-1/OC-3
SDH/SONET
Processing
Management
Transceiver
Unit
Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)
155Mbit/s
Branching
STM-1/OC-3
Optional
Unit
Plug-in
plug-in
Line Interface
Multiplex Unit
Aux
traffic
Management
SDH/SONET
&
Management
Processing
SNMP Agent
Branching
Unit
SDH/SONET
Transceiver
Processing
Unit
Management
Outdoor unit (ODU)
Modulator
Modulator
Demodulator
Demodulator
DC
feeding
DC power feeding
& power
overvoltage
& protection
overvoltage
protection

Figure I-13

Indoor unit (IDU)

Hot Standby-Dual Antenna System Overview

Antenna

unit

Antenna

unit

CityLink

CityLink

5.5 Hot Standby Configuration – Dual Baseband

A special variant of the Hot Standby system is the Dual baseband option. In this
A
special variant of the Hot Standby system is the Dual baseband option.
In
this configuration both IDUs are equipped with STM-1 line interface units.
The switching unit is not used in this configuration. The feature enables line
protection when used with muxes with dual/protected interfaces
STM-1/OC-3
155
Mb/s
Plug-in
Line Interface
Aux
SDH/SONET
traffic
Processing
Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)
Transceiver
Management
Unit
Management
&
SNMP Agent
Branching
Antenna
Unit
unit