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5G NR | RADIO ACCESS NETWORK (RAN)

5G FR1 NR Operating Bands (410 – 7125 MHz) LTE and 5G NR Architecture Subcarrier RBs Maximum Transmission BW (# of RBs) Radio Frame Structure
One Radio Frame = 10 Sub-frames = 10 ms
15 kHz 30 kHz 60 kHz 120 kHz 240 kHz
SCS 5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 UL Band DL Band LTE EPC 5G CORE 5G CORE FR1 Bands FR2 Bands
Band (kHz) BS receive/ BS transmit/ Duplex SCS SCS SCS SCS SCS
MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz Mode
UE transmit UE receive SCS 5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 SCS 50 100 200 400

Max. Freq. BW: 100 MHz (Nominal)

Max. Freq. BW: 200 MHz (Nominal)

Max. Freq. BW: 400 MHz (Nominal)

Max. Freq. BW: 400 MHz (Nominal)


(kHz) MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz (kHz) MHz MHz MHz MHz
• • • •

Max. Freq. BW: 50 MHz (Nominal)


15 Standalone RAN OPTION 1 OPTION 5 OPTION 2
n1 30 • • • 1920 – 1980 2110 – 2170 FDD Option 2 provides a new 5G 15 25 52 79 106 133 160 216 270 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 60 66 132 264 N/A
One Sub-frame = 1 slot = 1 ms
60 • • • user control plane and core
network architecture.
LTE LTE 5G NR 30 11 24 38 51 65 78 106 133 162 189 217 245 273 120 32 66 132 264
15 • • • • 60 N/A 11 18 24 31 38 51 65 79 93 107 121 135 15 kHz SC 14 symbols = 1 ms
n2 30 • • • 1850 – 1910 1930 – 1990 FDD
60 • • • Non-Standalone RAN
One Sub-frame = 2 slots = 1 ms
15 • • • • • • OPTION 3/3a OPTION 7/7a OPTION 4/4a
Resource Element Grid
Option 3/3a utilizes existing 30 kHz SC 14 symbols = 0.5 ms
n3 30 • • • • • 1710 – 1785 1805 – 1880 FDD
LTE RAN and core network as
60 • • • • • an anchor while aggregating
LTE 5G NR LTE 5G NR 5G NR LTE One Sub-frame = 4 slots = 1 ms
n5
15 • • • • 824 – 849 869 – 894 FDD
5G secondary carriers. Primary
Cell
Secondary
Cell
Primary
Cell
Secondary
Cell
Primary
Cell
Secondary
Cell 60 kHz SC 14 symbols
30 • • • One Sub-frame = 0.25 ms
15 • • • • • • • • One Sub-frame = 4 slots = 1 ms
n7 30 • • • • • • • 2500 – 2570 2620 – 2690 FDD 137

4G/5G Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS)


264
60 • • • • • • • 60 kHz SC 12 symbols
Extended CP = 0.25 ms
n8
15 • • • • 880 – 915 925 – 960 FDD 273
264 k = N †RB * N RB
SC
–1
30 • • • A single channel is shared between LTE and 5G NR. Spectrum is dynamically assigned
270
where K is the
One Sub-frame = 8 slots = 1 ms

n12
15 • • • 699 – 716 729 – 746 FDD to optimize performance based on traffic demand from the mixture of 4G and 5G devices RE SC position 120 kHz SC
30 • • on the network. 31
number in the
n14
15 • • 788 – 798 758 – 768 FDD
30 15
7
resource grid 14 symbols = 0.125 ms

29
30 28 14
One Sub-frame = 16 slots = 1 ms
3
• • •
LTE vs 5G NR
27
15 26 13 (example)
n18 815 – 830 860 – 875 FDD
30 • • 25
24 12
6 240 kHz SC

n20
15 • • • • 832 – 862 791 – 821 FDD
23
11
1
14 symbols = 0.0625 ms
14 symbols
• • •
22
30 Feature LTE 5G NR 21 5 into 1 slot
10
15 • • • • 50 MHz (@15 kHz), 100 MHz (@30 kHz),
20
19 2

• • •
9
n25 30 1850 – 1915 1930 – 1995 FDD Maximum Bandwidth (per carrier) 20 MHz 18
200 MHz (@60 kHz), 400 MHz (@120 kHz) 17 4
One RB = 12 Subcarriers
60 • • • Maximum Component Carriers 6 16
16 8

UL/DL Configuration
15

n28
15 • • • • 703 – 748 758 – 803 FDD Subcarrier Spacing 15 kHz 15, 30, 60, 120, 240 kHz
14
7
3
• • •
13
30 12
6 Resource Element (RE)
1

n29
15 • • N/A 717 – 728 SDL
Maximum Number of Subcarriers 1200 3300 11
10
5
Symbol Number in a Slot

2
30 Latency (Air Interface) 10 ms (5 ms proposed) 1 ms 9
8
4

• •
0 Format 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
15 Slot Length 7 symbols in 500 us 14 symbols (duration depends on Subcarrier) 7 3
n30 2305 – 2315 2350 – 2360 FDD 6 0 D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
30 • Spectrum Occupancy Up to 90% of Channel Bandwidth Up to 98% of Channel Bandwidth
5 2
1
1 U U U U U U U U U U U U U U

4
n34 15 2010 – 2025 2010 – 2025 TDD 3 1
0 2 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
15 • • • • 2
1 0
0
3
4
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
X
X
X
n38 30 • • • 2570 – 2620 2570 – 2620 TDD
5G Numerology
0
5 D D D D D D D D D D D X X X
60 • • • 6 D D D D D D D D D D X X X X
15 • • • • • • • 7
8
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X U
X

n39 30 • • • • • • 1880 – 1920 1880 – 1920 TDD Subcarrier


# of # of # of
Supported Supported 9 X X X X X X X X X X X X U U
60 • • • • • •  Spacing Cyclic
Symbols Slots per Slots per
for Sync for Data 10 X U U U U U U U U U U U U U
15 • • • • • • • • Parameter (Frequency)
∆f = 2 * 15 kHz
Prefix
per Slot Sub-frame Frame
(PSS, SSS,
PBCH)
(PDSCH,
PUSCH, etc.)
k=0
11
12
X
X
X
X
U
X
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
n40 30 • • • • • • • • • • 2300 – 2400 2300 – 2400 TDD 13 X X X X U U U U U U U U U U
60 • • • • • • • • • • 0 15 kHz Normal 14 1 10 < 6 GHz < 6 GHz 14 X X X X X U U U U U U U U U
15 • • • • • • 1 30 kHz Normal 14 2 20 < 6 GHz < 6 GHz Symbol # =0 = 13 for † = 0
15
16
X
D
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
U
X
U
X
U
X
U
X
U
X
U
X
U
X
U
X
n41 30 • • • • • • • • • • • 2496 – 2690 2496 – 2690 TDD
Normal 14 < 6 GHz and
= 27 for † = 1 17 D D X X X X X X X X X X X X
60 • • • • • • • • • • • 2 60 kHz
Extended 12
4 40 No
> 6 GHz = 55 for † = 2
18 D D D X X X X X X X X X X X
15 • • • • • • 3 120 kHz Normal 14 8 80 > 6 GHz > 6 GHz = 111 for † = 3
19
20
D
D
X
D
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
U
U
n48 30 • • • • • • • • • 3550 – 3700 3550 – 3700 TDD
= 223 for † = 4
21 D D D X X X X X X X X X X U
60 • • • • • • • • • 4 240 kHz Normal 14 16 160 > 6 GHz No 22 D X X X X X X X X X X X U U
15 • • • • • • • 23
24
D
D
D
D
X
D
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
U
U
U
U
n50 30 • • • • • • • • 1432 –1517 1432 – 1517 TDD
RAN Measurements Acronyms Synchronization Signal Block
25 D X X X X X X X X X X U U U
60 • • • • • • • • 26 D D X X X X X X X X X U U U
n51 15 • 1427 – 1432 1427 – 1432 TDD
BS Base Station
27
28
D
D
D
D
D
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
D D
X U
D
U
X
U
U
15 • • • • The SSB is a single data block inside the 5G frame 29 D D D D D D D D D D D X X U
Received Signal Strength Indicator is the linear average of the total received power observed only in CSI Channel State Information
n65 30 • • • 1920 – 2010 2110 – 2200 FDD
PSS-RSSI [dBm] the OFDM symbols containing Primary/Secondary Synchronization Signal, in the measurement DL Downlink
comprised of the PSS, the SSS and the PBCH DMRS. 30 D D D D D D D D D D X X X U
60 • • • SSS-RSSI [dBm] bandwidth, over the PSS/SSS resource blocks from all sources, including co-channel and adjacent
DMRS Demodulation Reference Signal
31
32
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
X
X
X
U
U
U
U
15 • • • • • channel interference, thermal noise, etc.
EPC Evolved Packet Core 33 D D D D D D D D D X X X U U

48 SCS
• • • •

PBCH
(4 RBs)
n66 30 1710 – 1780 2110 – 2200 FDD 34 D X U U U U U U U U U U U U
FDD Frequency Division Duplex
60 • • • • PSS-RP [dBm]
Primary/Secondary Synchronization Signal Received Power is the linear average over the power
gNB NR Node B, aka (next) Generation Node B
35
36
D
D
D
D
X
D
U
X
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
15 • • • • • SSS-RP [dBm]
contributions of the resource elements that carry Primary/Secondary Synchronization Signal divided
RE] = 127. These elements are reported per beam.
by the number of RE within this allocation: [NSS LTE Long Term Evolution 37 D X X U U U U U U U U U U U
n70 30 • • • • 1695 – 1710 1995 – 2020 FDD 38 D D X X U U U U U U U U U U

240 SCS (20 RBs)


mm Millimeter (Band)

144 SCS (12 RBs)


60 • • • • Primary/Secondary Synchronization Signal Received Quality is the ratio: NR New Radio
39
40
D
D
D
X
D
X
X
X
X
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
• • • •

127 SCS

PBCH

PBCH
15 OFDM Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing

PSS

SSS
] * PSS-RP ; SSS-RQ = [NRE] * SSS-RP, where NRE 41 D D X X X U U U U U U U U U
n71 663 – 698 617 – 652 FDD PSS-RQ [dB] PSS-RQ = [NRE SS is defined in PSS-RP or SSS-RP.
30 • • • SSS-RQ [dB]
SS
PSS-RSSI SSS-RSSI
SS
PBCH Physical Broadcast Channel 42 D D D X X X U U U U U U U U
15 • • • • The measurements in the numerator and denominator are made over the same set of resource blocks. PDCCH Physical Downlink Control Channel
43
44
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
X
D
X
D
X
X
X
X
X
X
X U
X U
U
n74 30 • • • 1427 – 1470 1475 – 1518 FDD PDSCH Physical Downlink Shared Channel 45 D D D D D D X X U U U U U U
60 • • • PSS-CINR [dB] (Primary/Secondary) Synchronization Signal Carrier/Signal to Interference and Noise Ratio is defined PRACH Physical Random Access Channel 46 D D D D D X U D D D D D X U
15 • • • • SSS-CINR [dB] as the ratio between the (Primary/Secondary) Synchronization Signal Received Power and the PSS Primary Synchronization Signal 47 D D X U U U U D D X U U U U

48 SCS
48 D X U U U U U D X U U U U U

PBCH
• • • SS-CINR [dB] interference plus noise from the same synchronization signal set. This element is reported per beam.

(4 RBs)
n75 30 N/A 1432 – 1517 SDL PT-RS Phase Tracking Reference Signal 49 D D D D X X U D D D D X X U
60 • • • Physical Cell Identifier (PCI):
PUCCH Physical Uplink Control Channel 50 D D X X U U U D D X X U U U
n76 15 • N/A 1427 – 1432 SDL PCI
PCI - 3 * N(1) + NID
(2) where N(1) {0,1,...,335} and N(2) {0,1,2}.
PUSCH Physical Uplink Shared Channel
4 symbols
51
52
D
D
X
X
X
X
U
X
U
X
U
X
U
U
D
D
X
X
X
X X
U
X
U
X
U
U
U

15 • • • • • • ID ID ID RB Resource Block 53 D D X X X X U D D X X X X U
RE Resource Element
n77 30 • • • • • • • • • • • 3300 – 4200 3300 – 4200 TDD SSB-IDX SS/PBCH Beam Index Number {0,1,...,63}.
RS Reference Signal
54 X X X X X X X D D D D D D D

60 • • • • • • • • • • • 55 D D X X X U U U D D D D D D

SSB Burst (15 kHz SCS Example)


56-255 Reserved
SCS Subcarrier Spacing
15 • • • • • • RSPBCH-RSSI PBCH Demodulation Reference Signal Received Signal Stregth Indicator is the linear average of the
SDL Supplementary Downlink *In a slot in a downlink frame, “flexible” symbols can be used for downlink.
n78 30 • • • • • • • • • • • 3300 – 3800 3300 – 3800 TDD [dBm] total received power over the measurement bandwidth of the synchronization signal blocks.
SRS Sounding Reference Signal In a slot in an uplink frame, “flexible” symbols an be used for uplink.
60 • • • • • • • • • • • SSB Synchronization Signal Block
20 msec (SS Burst Set Periodicity: 2 frames)
15 • • RSPBCH-RP
PBCH Demodulation Reference Signal (DMRS-PBCH) Received Power is the linear sum of the power
SSS Secondary Synchronization Signal 5 msec (SS Burst Set 1/2 frames) KEY
n79 30 • • • • • 4400 – 5000 4400 – 5000 TDD [dBm]
contributions of the resource elements (REs) that carry DMRS-PBCH divided by the number of RE
subcarriers NDMRSPBCH
RE =120 for a total of two symbols. This element is reported per beam. SUL Supplementary Uplink
60 • • • • • TDD Time Division Duplex SS Burst D Downlink transmission symbol
15 • • • • • • PBCH Demodulation Reference Signal (DMRS-PBCH) Received Quality is the ratio UE User Equipment 15 kHz SCS Sub-frame 0 Sub-frame 1 Sub-frame 2 Sub-frame 3 Sub-frame 4 Sub-frame 0 U Uplink transmission symbol
n80 30 • • • • • 1710 – 1785 N/A SUL RSPBCH-RQ [dB]
RSPBCH-RQ = (NDMRSPBCH
RE *RSPBCH-RP)/(RSPBCH-RSSI). This element is reported per beam. UL Uplink X Flexible*
• • • • • L=8

SSB 0 SSB 0

SSB 1 SSB 1

SSB 2 SSB 2

SSB 3 SSB 3

SSB 4

SSB 5

SSB 6

SSB 7
60

SSB 0 SSB 0

SSB 1 SSB 1
3 GHz – 6 GHz
n81
15 • • • • 880 – 915 N/A SUL RSPBCH-CINR
PBCH Demodulation Reference Signal (DMRS-PBCH) Carrier/Signal to Interference and Noise Ratio
• • •
SSB Beams
30 is the ratio between the DMRS-PBCH and the interference and noise from the same synchronization L=4
[dB] < 3 GHz
n82
15 • • • • 832 – 862 N/A SUL
signal set. This element is reported per beam.
30 • • • “L” is defined as the possible number of
15 • • • • Synchronization Signal Block (SSB) Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) is the linear average
SSB Beams within an SSB Burst Set.
Physical Channels & Reference Signals
n83 703 – 748 N/A SUL SSB-RSSI [dBm] of the total received power observed across all 240 resource elements of the Synchronization Signal
30 • • • SSB-RSS_2 [dBm] Burst. For FR1 measurement there is only one SSB_RSSI report. For FR2 measurement since the
15 • • • • scanner collects from two ports, two power values are reported, one for each RF port. SCS2 Frequency SSB Beams (L)
n84 30 • • • 1920 – 1980 N/A SUL
< 3 GHz L=4
60 • • • Synchronization Signal Block (SSB) Delay Spread is determined by the time difference between the 15 kHz Beamformed Signals DL Reference Signals (RS) are used for cell search, channel estimation and neighbor
15 • • • • • SSS-Delay Spread arrival of the first multi-path SSS component to the arrival of the last multi-path component (inside 3 GHz - 6 GHz L=8 cell monitoring. In 5G NR, all except the PBCH DMRS are UE-specific. The Primary
n86 30 • • • • 1710 – 1780 N/A SUL [Ts] the search window) which are at or above the internally set Measurement Threshold. The reported
30 kHz
< 3 GHz L=4 Beam sweeping is supported in 5G NR. and Secondary Synchronization signals convey network timing information.
60 • • • • values range in units of Ts is from 0 to 140 Ts where 1 Ts is defined as 1/(30.72 MHz) or 32.552 ns.
3 GHz - 6 GHz L=8 It is used to cover a spatial area with DL Physical Channels PBCH, PDCCH, PDSCH
n89
15 • • • • 824 – 849 N/A SUL Synchronization Signal Block (SSB) Received Power is the linear sum of the power contributions of the 120 kHz > 6 GHz L = 64 beams transmitted and/or received in a
30 • • • resource elements that carry PSS, SSS and DMRS-PBCH signals within the considered measurement
DL Synchronization Signals PSS, RSS
15 • • • • • • SSB-RP [dBm]
frequency bandwidth, divided by the number of RE sub carriers within this allocation. This element is
240 kHz > 6 GHz L = 64 predetermined way during a time interval. PBCH DMRS, PBCH, DMRS, PDCCH DMRS, PDSCH DMRS,
DL RS
n90 30 • • • • • • • • • • • 2496 – 2690 2496 – 2690 TDD reported per beam.
2
60 kHz SCS is not valid for synchronization and is only used for data PDSCH PT-RS, CSI-RS
60 • • • • • • • • • • • UL Physical Channels PUCCH, PUSCH, PRACH
SSB Signal Received Quality is the ratio:
SSB_RQ = NRE *SSB-RP ; where NRE = 127 + 127 + 120 is the number of RE sub carriers within the UL RS PUCCH DMRS, PUSCH DMRS, PUSCH PT-RS, SRS

5G FR2 NR mm-Bands (24250 – 52600 MHz)


SSB SSB
SSB-RQ [dB]
SSB-RSSI
SSB that carry PSS, SSS and DMRS_PBCH. This element is reported per beam.
5G NR | RAN Solutions
SCS 50 100 200 400 UL Band BS DL Band BS
Band Duplex Mode
kHz MHz MHz MHz MHz receive/UE transmit transmit/UE receive Synchronization Signal Block (SSB) Carrier/Signal to Noise Ratio is the ratio between the SSB
n257
60 • • • 26500 – 26500 – SSB-CINR [dB] Received Power and the interference and noise from the same SSB signal set. This element is
120 • • • • 29500 MHz 29500 MHz TDD
reported per beam.

n258
60 • • • 24250 – 24250 – T: +1 301 515 0036 | pctel.com
120 • • • • 27500 MHz 27500 MHz TDD
SSB repetition Synchronization Signal Block (SSB) repetition pattern reports the SSB repetition pattern as defined

n260
60 • • • 37000 – 37000 – pattern in 3GPP TS 38.213 chap 4.1. It can be SSB repetition pattern case A, B, C, D or E.
• • • • TDD ©2019 PCTEL. Inc. All rights reserved. Specifications subject to change without notice. PCTEL®, IBflex , MXflex®, SeeHawk®, TM

120 40000 MHz 40000 MHz IB ®


MX ®
HB ™
Signal Analyzer SeeHawk® Touch SeeWave® Interference
• • • Time Offset is reported as the time offset from the PCTEL scanning receiver’s internal GPS clock and SeeWave® are trademarks or registered trademarks of PCTEL, Inc. Other trademarks are property of their respective
60 27500 – 27500 – Time Offset [Ts] Locating System owners. Rev. C (December 2019)
n261
120 • • • • 28350 MHz 28350 MHz TDD to the beginning of the 5G NR frame in units of 1/(30.72 MHz) or 32.552 ns.