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US007159502B1

(12) Ulllted States Patent (10) Patent N0.: US 7,159,502 B1


Hulsewis et a]. (45) Date of Patent: Jan. 9, 2007

(54) SLIDING BLOCK BREECH MECHANISM WO DE 242 131 C 12/1911


FOR A CANNON

(75) Inventors: Hans Hulsewis, Duisburg (DE); Primary ExamineriMichael J. Carone


Eclfehard Bohnsacks Umel'luss (DE); Assistant Examiner4Gabriel J. Klein
Helm-Gunter Breuer’ Dulsburg (DE) (74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiKlaus P. Sto?el; Wol? &
_ _ _ _ Samson PC
(73) Ass1gnee: Rhelnmetall Wa?e Munltlon GmbH,
Dusseldorf (DE) (57) ABSTRACT
(*) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is eXIended O1‘ adjusted under 35 The invention concerns a sliding block breech mechanism
U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days. for a cannon With a breech ring arranged at the rear end of
a cannon barrel and With a sliding breech block that slides
(21) APP1~ NOJ 11/286,186 perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the cannon barrel
(22) F11 e d : N 0v. 23 , 2005 in a cavity of the breech ring.
To achieve an improved distribution of force inside the
(51) /00 (2006 01) breech ring When the cannon is ?red compared to previously
' known sliding block breech mechanisms and thus to opti
(52) US. Cl. ........................................................ .. 89/24 miZe the maximum Stress loads the invention proposes to
(58) Field of Classi?cation Search .................. .. 89/24, provide a Sliding block breech mechanism Whose Sliding
_ _ 39/42’ 26 breech block has at least tWo lugs arranged axially one
See aPPhCaUOn ?le for Complete Search hlstory- behind the other, Wherein the pressure ?anks of the ?rst lugs,
(56) References Cited i.e., the lugs closer to the cannon barrel, have a positive
direction of mclmat1on, and the pressure ?anks of the second
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS lugs have a negative direction of inclination. The directions
5,014,592 A 5/1991 ZWeig et a1‘ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ “ 89/24 ofinclination of the pressure ?anks of the roots of the Walls
5 604 325 A 21997 Balbo et 31 89/24 of the breech ring, Which roots correspond to the lugs,
2003/b05i600 A1 3/2003 Breuer et al. ‘I: ......... "Q9/3714 correspond to the directions of inclination of the Pressure
?anks of the tWo lugs of the sliding breech block.
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
WO DE 24 611 C 11/1883 5 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets
U.S. Patent Jan. 9, 2007 Sheet 1 of2 US 7,159,502 B1
U.S. Patent Jan. 9, 2007 Sheet 2 of2 US 7,159,502 B1
US 7,159,502 B1
1 2
SLIDING BLOCK BREECH MECHANISM It Was found to be advantageous for the angles of incli
FOR A CANNON nation of the pressure ?anks of the lugs of the sliding breech
block to be 8*12°.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In one embodiment of the invention, the angles of incli
nation of the pressure ?anks of the tWo lugs of the sliding
The invention concerns a sliding block breech mechanism breech block and the angles of inclination of the pressure
for a cannon With a breech ring arranged at the rear end of ?anks of the roots are selected in such a Way that When the
a cannon barrel and With a sliding breech block that slides cannon is ?red, ?rst the pressure ?anks of the second lugs
perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the cannon barrel in and the pressure ?anks of the corresponding roots of the
a cavity of the breech ring. breech ring come into contact, and then the pressure ?anks
A sliding block breech mechanism of this type is of the ?rst lugs and the pressure ?anks of the corresponding
described, for example, in US. Ser. No. 898,840 and DE 198 roots of the breech ring come completely into contact over
23 785 A1. In this regard, the opposite side surfaces of the their entire surfaces due to elastic deformation during further
sliding breech block (as vieWed in the direction of the loading under the action of the ?ring of the cannon.
longitudinal axis of the cannon barrel have several succes In another embodiment of the invention, the Walls of the
sive lugs of buttress form, Which engage corresponding breech ring cavity are rigidly joined at the rear by a tie bar
roots of the Walls of the breech ring cavity, so that When the in order to reduce expansion of the Walls of the breech ring
cannon is ?red, the ?anks of the lugs of the sliding breech immediately upon the introduction of force into the Walls
block that face aWay from the cannon barrel and that are When the cannon is ?red. In this regard, strain on the tie bar
formed as contact surfaces (known as pressure ?anks) are 20 is relieved by the use of the negative inclination of the
supported on corresponding pressure ?anks of the roots of pressure ?anks of the second lugs and the pressure ?anks of
the Walls of the breech ring cavity. The pressure ?anks of the the roots.
individual lugs of the sliding breech block and the pressure Additional details and advantages of the invention are
?anks of the corresponding roots of the Walls of the breech explained beloW With reference to the speci?c embodiments
ring in these previously knoWn sliding block breech mecha 25 illustrated in the draWings.
nism basically all have the same direction of inclination.
In addition, US. Pat. No. 5,014,592 discloses a sliding BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
block breech mechanism Whose sliding breech block has
three lugs of a modi?ed buttress form, Which are arranged in FIG. 1 shoWs a perspective vieW of the breech ring of a
such a Way With respect to the corresponding pressure ?anks 30 large-caliber cannon With a sliding block breech mechanism
of the roots of the Walls of the breech ring that When the of the invention Without the sliding breech block.
cannon is ?red, the contact surfaces (pressure ?anks) of the FIG. 2 shoWs the sliding breech block designed for use in
tWo opposing rear-end lugs of the sliding breech block rest the sliding block breech mechanism illustrated in FIG. 1.
on the corresponding contact surfaces of the breech ring, and FIG. 3 shoWs an enlarged longitudinal section of the
the contact surfaces of the other lugs press against the 35 sliding block breech mechanism illustrated in FIG. 1 With its
corresponding contact surfaces of the breech ring only When sliding breech block before a pressure load is applied.
the pressure increases. To this end, the contact surfaces of
the lugs that are arranged side by side have different ?ank DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE
angles, Which, hoWever, are the same as the ?ank angles of INVENTION
the corresponding contact surfaces of the roots of the breech 40
ring. In this sliding breech block as Well, the individual lugs FIG. 1 shoWs a cannon barrel 1, on Which a breech ring
basically all have the same, namely, positive, direction of 2 is mounted at the rear in a manner that is already Well
inclination (When vieWed along the longitudinal axis of the knoWn. The breech ring 2 is shaped like a fork toWards the
cannon tube toWards the muZZle of the cannon barrel. rear and has tWo Walls 3, 4, Which are rigidly joined by an
Furthermore, US. Pat. No. 5,014,592 discloses a sliding 45 upper tie bar 5 or a loWer tie bar 6 (indicated by broken
breech block, on Which a tie bar is mounted, Which can be lines). The Walls 3, 4 and the tie bar 5 or 6 of the breech ring
slid into the breech ring at the rear end. The tie bar joins the 2 bound a cavity 7, in Which a sliding breech block 9 (FIG.
tWo Walls of the breech ring and prevents expansion When 2) can be arranged in such a Way that it can move perpen
the cannon is ?red. dicularly to the longitudinal axis 8 of the cannon barrel 1.
50 Each of the side surfaces 10, 11 of the sliding breech block
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION 9 has tWo laterally projecting lugs 12, 13 Which are arranged
one behind the other (as vieWed in the direction of the
Proceeding from the prior art of US. Pat. No. 5,014,592, longitudinal axis 8) and engage corresponding roots 14, 15
the objective of the invention is to achieve an improved of the Walls 3, 4 of the breech ring 2. Therefore, When the
distribution of force inside the breech ring When the cannon 55 cannon is ?red, the ?anks of the lugs 12, 13 of the sliding
is ?red compared to previously knoWn sliding block breech breech block 9, Which face aWay from the cannon barrel and
mechanisms and thus to optimiZe the maximum stress load. are designed as contact surfaces (knoWn as pressure ?anks),
The invention is based essentially on the idea of providing are supported on corresponding pressure ?anks 18, 19 of the
a sliding block breech mechanism Whose sliding breech roots 14, 15 of the Walls 3, 4 of the breech ring 2. In this
block has at least tWo lugs arranged only behind the other in 60 regard. The pressure ?anks 16 of the ?rst lugs 12 of the
the axial direction, Wherein the pressure ?ank of the ?rst lug, sliding breech block 9, i.e., the lugs closer to the cannon
i.e., the lug closest to the cannon barrel, has a positive barrel 1, and the pressure ?anks 18 of the corresponding ?rst
direction of inclination, and the pressure ?ank of the second roots 14 of the Walls both have a positive inclination With
lug has a negative direction of inclination. The directions of angles of inclination (x1 and [31, respectively (on the order
the pressure ?anks of the roots of the Walls of the breech ring 65 of, e.g., 10°). The pressure ?anks 17 of the second lugs 13
that correspond to the lugs are the same as the directions of of the sliding breech block 9 and the pressure ?anks 19 of
inclination of the pressure ?anks of the tWo lugs. the corresponding second roots 15 of the Walls 3, 4, on the
US 7,159,502 B1
3 4
other hand, both have a negative inclination With angles of the Walls of the breech ring, the lugs including ?rst lugs and
inclination (X2 and [32, respectively (of, e.g., also about 10°). second lugs, the ?rst lugs being closer to the cannon barrel
As FIG. 3 shoWs, the angles of inclination (X1 and [32 of than the second lugs, the pressure ?anks of the ?rst lugs of
the pressure ?anks 16, 17 of the lugs 12, 13 of the sliding the sliding breech block and the pressure ?anks of the
breech block 2 and the angles of inclination [31 and [32 of the corresponding ?rst roots of the Walls both having a positive
pressure ?anks 18, 19 of the roots 14, 15 are different in the angle of inclination, and the pressure ?anks of the second
illustrated embodiment, so that in the load-free state, only lugs of the sliding breech block and the pressure ?anks of
linear contact is present betWeen the pressure ?anks 16, 17 corresponding second roots of the Walls both having a
of the lugs 12, 13 and the corresponding pressure ?anks 18, negative angle of inclination.
19 of the roots 14, 15. Only With an increasing load upon the 2. The sliding block breech mechanism in accordance
?ring of the cannon are the corresponding pressure ?anks With claim 1, Wherein the angles of inclination of the
16, 17, 18, 19 ofthe lugs 12, 13 and roots 14, 15 uniformly pressure ?anks of the lugs of the sliding breech block are
pressed against each other, so that linear contact pressure is 8*l2°.
avoided under a load and thus the risk of Wear is reduced. 3. The sliding block breech mechanism in accordance
In addition, it can be provided that the pressure ?anks 17 With claim 1, Wherein the angles of inclination of the
of the second lug 13 under a load ?rst come into contact With pressure ?anks of the lugs of the sliding breech block and the
the complementary pressure ?anks 19 of the second root 15 angles of inclination of the pressure ?anks of the roots are
of the breech ring 2, and then the pressure ?anks 16 of the different.
?rst lug 12 come completely into contact With the comple 4. The sliding block breech mechanism in accordance
mentary pressure ?anks 18 of the ?rst root 14 of the breech 20 With claim 1, Wherein the angles of inclination of the
ring 2 over their entire surfaces due to elastic deformation pressure ?anks of the lugs of the sliding breech block and the
under the additional load upon the ?ring of the cannon. angles of inclination of the pressure ?anks of the roots are
The invention claimed is: selected so that When the cannon is ?red, ?rst the pressure
1. A sliding block breech mechanism for a cannon, ?anks of the second lugs and the pressure ?anks of the
comprising: a breach ring arranged at a rear end of a cannon 25 corresponding second roots of the breech ring come into
barrel and de?ning a cavity; and a sliding breech block that contact, and then the pressure ?anks of the ?rst lugs and the
slides perpendicularly to a longitudinal axis of the cannon pressure ?anks of the corresponding ?rst roots of the breech
barrel in the cavity of the breech ring, the sliding breech ring come completely into contact over their entire surfaces
block having at least tWo laterally projecting lugs, Which are due to elastic deformation during further loading under
arranged one behind the other as vieWed in the direction of 30 action of the ?ring of the cannon.
the longitudinal axis of the cannon barrel and engage 5. The sliding block breech mechanism in accordance
corresponding roots of Walls of the cavity of the breech ring, With claim 1, and further comprising a tie bar arranged at a
so that When the cannon is ?red, pressure ?anks of the lugs rear of the Walls so as to rigidly join the Walls of the cavity
of the sliding breech block, Which face aWay from the of the breech ring.
cannon barrel and are designed as contact surfaces, are 35
supported on corresponding pressure ?anks of the roots of