Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

Chapter IV

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter deals with presentation, analysis, and interpretation of the data

gathered in this study. The various results are presented in the succeeding tables with

corresponding discussions and explanations. It also answers specific problems stated in

the previous chapter.

The first part of the questionnaire used in this study indicated three (5) queries

that the researchers attempted to describe and discover the different indications or

basis for the students in order to be prepared in college. The research also determines

the role, function, benefits and impact of Senior High School to the students, teachers

and parents, together with the advantages of students that belong to the Academic

Track. In the second part of the questionnaire, the researchers will assess the

preparedness of Senior High School students under Academic Strand in terms of the

learning competencies in Philosophy as a core subject in Senior High School, before

entering Tertiary Level of Education or College.

1. Indications or Basis for the students in order to be prepared for College or

Tertiary Level of Education.

College is the level of education, wherein students will fulfill their desired goals in

life. This is the stage that will prepare and develop them to the wide world of their

chosen course that will serve as your role and function in the future. According to

Enilegna M. (2013), college is the institution that will enable students to determine their
role and function in the society. But, before entering college, there are different

indications or basis that must be considered by the students, because this is the level

that needs adequate preparedness.

First of it is the family income, it is one of the most important indications because

this will serve as the source of funds allocated for education. College level holds heavy

amount of expenses in terms of tuition fee, miscellaneous fees, books, uniform,

personal needs, rent transportation and many more, that’s why college funds for

education must be prepared in order to sustain and answer the different needs of the

student to ensure their learning and development.

Second is the field of interest, it must be considered because it will serve as the

basis and foundation for the student’s decision upon his/ her chosen course in college.

This fields of interest are being extracted on the different subjects being offered by the

Academic Strands of Senior High School. It is an important factor that needs to be

developed and improved by the Senior High School program in order for students to be

well- equipped with their skills and talent before entering college.

Third is the chosen course for college, among the different indications, this is the

most important to be considered because it is the main reason why a student will

pursue college education. Choosing the college course is one of the important decision

to be made in order to be prepared for college, it must be careful and requires a lot of

time. The fields of interest, skills and talent can be used as a basis upon deciding what

course to take. Upon all the indications, this is the one that must be first settled because

it is an essential basis for a student to be considered as prepared in college.


Fourth is the grades or performance of student inside the class. It doesn’t always

refer to numbers or the ranking of a student based on the subjects. Instead, it refers to

the behavior, attitude, character and performance of student inside the class together

with his/ her relationship to the teacher or instructor. It is an important basis because the

performance and grades of the student in college are strictly monitored and observed.

This factors and indications are the ones that needs to be considered by a student

before entering college or tertiary level of education.

2. Role and Function of Senior High School program

Senior High School program is being recognized as the pre- college level

wherein it serves as the preparatory stage for students before entering tertiary level of

education. Amon the educational reformations being made, this is the most

recognizable due to the two additional years. It develops students through the use of

higher level of teaching, broader and diverse lessons together with actual application of

learnings in real life. Senior High School program will equip learners with skills that will

better prepare them for the future, it may be in aspects of employment,

entrepreneurship skills development and college or higher education.

The SHS program offers core, applied and specialized subjects that will shape

and equip them on their fields of interest that re based on the strand they are belong to.

This subjects were extracted and are similar from college- level courses and serves as

an introductory phase for them in order to have insights and be familiar with it. In order

to make Senior High School effective, DepEd ensures that the programs being offered

are linked to the curriculum of Commission of Higher Education (CHED), at the end it is
expected for students to have the standard knowledge, skills, abilities and

competencies that are mostly needed not just in college but also on the global

workplace based on their work, career and profession for the future.

3. Benefits of the students from Senior High School program

Senior High School program offers a wide variety of benefits for the students

before entering college. First, is it provides global quality of education, in response to

globalization, Senior High School equips students to a new standard or system of

learning that can be applied in other countries. This can help them to adopt the

international workplace if they choose to work abroad based on their profession and for

the ones searching for better opportunities or higher salary.

DepEd expects that Filipinos will be globally competitive in terms of providing

service. Second, Senior High School provides On the Job Trainings (OJT) and activities

wherein they will apply what they’ve learned in real life. This can assess their

preparedness, skills and abilities according to their desired course. Third, are the broad

and diverse subjects or programs, wherein it consists of applied and specialized

subjects, assessments and workshops to shape their talents and knowledge that can be

used in the college level. Last is College preparation which is the main purpose of the

implementation of the program.

4. Advantages of students that belong to the Academic Strand


Among all the Senior High School tracks, the students that belong to the

Academic strand are the ones that will mostly benefit from the courses and programs

being extracted and adopted from college.

The emphasized advantages of Academic Senior High School students are the

broad and diverse subjects. Every Academic Strand have their own uniqueness, they

differ from the major subjects they offer, this were classified as applied and specialized

subjects that will guide and lead students based on their chosen course for college.

These subjects are being adopted and extracted from college level courses that can

provide them insights in order to be prepared enough. Other benefits are having the

capacity to understand wide aspects of life, the ability to acquire wide variety of lessons

and having the high level of guidance and monitoring from teachers.

5. Effects of Senior High School to the Lives of students

Senior High School program have two effects, it may be positive or negative,

based on the perception of students. But, as we look beneath its roles, functions,

benefits and impact, it is indeed a positive reformation in the sector of educational

system in our country. SHS Program serves as a training level for students to be

prepared before entering college/ tertiary level of education. It equips them with broad

and diverse subjects that have direct link for college, trainings, workshops, assessments

and programs, on the job trainings and many more. It is also seen as the tool to shape

and mold students to be competitive in their chosen workplace within the borders of our

country or even abroad. Due to the positive effects of Senior High School program, it is

the most effective among the educational reformations throughout the Philippine history.
Distribution of Respondents According to the Academic Strands

10 10

Accountancy Business and Management


Humanities and Social Sciences
Science, Technology, Engineering
10 and Mathematics

Pie Graph No. 1- Distribution of Respondents According to Senior High School

Strand

The above pie graph presents the distribution of respondents according to the

three (3) Senior High School Academic Strands namely: Accountancy Business and
Management (ABM), Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS) and Science,

Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).

Convenient sampling was applied upon the selection and distribution of

questionnaires and the respondents were is equally divided into three (3) and every

strand holds a total of ten (10) respondents for equal representation of the general

interests of the students that were enrolled under such particular Academic Strand.

Table No. 3 Chosen Course for College of Senior High School Students under

Academic Strand

College Course Frequency Percentage Rank

Accounting 9 23.68% 1

Architecture 1 2.63% 10

Business Management 1 2.63% 10

Criminology 6 15.79% 3

Education 6 15.79% 3

Engineering 2 5.26% 6.5

Law 1 2.63% 10

Marketing 6 15.79% 3

Political Science 2 5.26% 6.5

Psychology 2 5.26% 6.5

Others 2 5.26% 6.5

TOTAL 38 100%
The table above presents the chosen courses of the Senior High School

Students under Academic Strands for College. According to the final results, a large

percentage of Academic SHS students chose Accounting that has a 23.68%

percentage, followed by Criminology, Education, and Marketing tying for having

15.79%, while Architecture, Business Management, and law also tied at the least

chosen college course for having only 2.63%. The courses indicated were extracted

from the programs offered by each academic strand. ABM is consisted of Accounting,

and Business Management, while HUMSS consisted Communication, Education, Law,

Political Science and Psychology, and finally STEM consisted of Engineering, and

Medicine.

Even though there are only thirty (30) respondents, still the data on the table

above shows that there are thirty nine (38) total responses. Such is attributed to the

multiple choices of the respondents in their preferred college course. The result simply

shows that some Senior High School students are still confused or undecided for what

specific course they will enter in college that can be related to unpreparedness.

With the total number of thirty (30) respondents, nine (9) of them chose

Accounting, one (1) chose Architecture, another one (1) chose Business Management,

six (6) for Criminology, another set of six (6) for Education, two (2) for Engineering, only

one (1) chose law, six (6) for Marketing, two (2) for Political Science, two (2) for

Psychology while two (2) other respondents chose courses that doesn’t belong to the
choices. Overall, there were thirty eight (38) gathered responses over the 30

respondents.

Questions that assess the respondents for their chosen course in college is an

effective way to determine their preparedness before entering college because it is one

of the important basis or indications that must be considered by a pre-college student.

Table No. 4 – Monthly Income of the Family

Monthly Income Frequency Percentage Rank

₱10,000.00-lower 17 56.67% 1

₱11,000.00-₱15,000.00 10 33.33% 2

₱16,000.00-₱20,000.00 3 10% 3

Total 30 100%

The table above presents the monthly family income of thirty (30) respondents.

According to the results, a very large percentage of Senior High School Students have

monthly family income range of ₱10,000.00-lower for having 56.67% while the income

range of ₱16,000.00-₱20,000.00 is the least. The monthly family income of respondents

is an important indication or basis that needs to be considered for college

preparedness, because the educational funds must be prepared in order to pay all of

the requirements that the students will face when they enter college.

From the total number of thirty (30) respondents, seventeen (17) of the Senior

High School Students have an income range of ₱10,000.00-lower, ten (10) have

₱11,000.00-₱15,000.00, and only three (3) have the ₱16,000.00-₱20,000.00 monthly

family income range.


The data of the table above further shows that a very large percentage of Senior

High School Students have the minimal amount of funds and are financially challenged

to handle the different college requirements or needs.

Table No. 5 Field of Interest of Senior High School students

Field of Interest Frequency Percentage Rank

Arts and Design 8 20.51% 3.5

History and Politics 1 2.56% 5.5

Language and
1 2.56% 5.5
Communication

Mathematics 9 23.08% 2

Reading and Writing 8 20.51% 3.5

Science 12 30.77% 1

Total 39 100%

The above table presents the different fields of interest of Senior High School

Students based on their different subject or programs. According to the results, the

largest percentage of Academic Senior High School Students are interested in fields of

Science with 30.77%, while fields of History and Politics and Language and

Communication have the least with 2.56%.

Identifying the fields of interest of student is one of the important basis or

indication upon choosing a course for college. Also, from the results of the data, it can

be concluded that due to the interest of students to fields of Mathematics most of the

courses they will take are inclined with Accounting, Business Management and

Engineering whom are ABM and STEM students.


Inferred from the total of thirty (30) respondents, the data on the table presents a

total of thirty nine (39) responses. Hence, it can be deduced that some respondents

have multiple fields of interest and it was shown that eight (8) respondents chose Arts

and Design, only one (1) for both History and Language, nine (9) for Mathematics, eight

(8) for Reading & Writing, while twelve (12) of them chose Science.

Table No. 6 Importance of College/ Tertiary Level of Education to SHS Students under

Academic Strand

Importance of Frequency Percentage Rank


College/Tertiary Level
of Education

Essential 10 33.33% 2

Important 18 60% 1

Insignificant 1 3.33% 3.5

Unimportant 1 3.33% 3.5

Total 30 100%

The table above presents the perception of Senior High School Students to the

level of importance of College or Tertiary Level of Education. According to the results of

the table above, large percentage of students view college education as important for

having 60%while others view it as essential for having 33.33%.

With the total number of thirty (30) respondents, one (1) of them recognized

college as insignificant and another one (1) found it to be unimportant to their future.

However, overall, this result can be seen as a positive feedback from the Senior High
School students. It means that the overwhelming majority are determined to enter

college to pursue their goals.

Table No. 7 Student Performance Inside the Class

Student Performance Frequency Percentage Rank


Inside the Class

Listens attentively to the


23 29.49% 1
teacher or instructor.

Submits activities and


requirements on every 16 20.51% 2
subject.

Participates actively on 13 16.67% 4


class discussions.
Attends classes on time. 12 15.38% 5

Aware and conscious to


the duties and
14 17.95% 3
responsibilities of being a
student.

Total 78 100%

The table above presents the different performance of a student inside the class.

According to the results of the table above, a large percentage of Senior High School

students are listening attentively to the teacher or instructor inside their classes with

29.49%, while attending classes on time is the least with 15.38%.

From the total number of thirty (30) respondents, the table above presents a total

of seventy eight (78) responses that means that some Senior High School students

have multiple habits and performances inside the class. It shows that twenty three (23)

of the SHS students listen attentively to their teachers or instructors, sixteen (16) submit
activities and requirements, thirteen (13) participate actively on class discussion, twelve

(12) attend classes on time and fourteen (14) are aware and conscious to their duties

and responsibilities.

Upon the determination of the respondent’s behavior and habits inside the class,

the researchers can have an effective way to measure their preparedness for college

environment. Also, these attitudes can be used as a reflection to their grades and

performances that are strictly monitored in the tertiary level.

Table No. 8 Roles and Function of Senior High School for Students
Roles and Functions of Frequency Percentage Rank
SHS for Students

Provides guidance and


direction to my college
course, based on the 19 33.33% 1.5
trained competencies and
skills under the program.

Develops my skills and


19 33.33% 1.5
talents based on my
interests.
Prepares me for the 6 10.53% 4
international workplace.
Equips me with the
appropriate programs
and actual trainings in 8 14.04% 3
order to be globally
competitive.

Helps me adopt/acquire
global quality and 5 8.77% 5
standard of education.

Total 57 100%
The above table presents the different roles and function of Senior High School

to students. Based on the gathered and summarized results, a large percentage of the

respondents affirmed that the SHS program had provided guidance and direction to

their college course, based on the trained competencies and skills under the program

as well as developed their skills and talents based on their interests as it both gained

33.33%, while on the other side, the least number of the students identified that SHS

helped them adopt or acquire global quality and standard of education for having only

8.77%.

From the total number of thirty (30) respondents, the result shows that it gained a

total of fifty seven (57) responses. As such, it can be concluded that there are multiple

roles and functions the SHS has to every respondent.

Overall, nineteen (19) students affirmed that SHS provides them guidance and

direction to college, another nineteen (19) indicated that they achieved the development

of skills and talent, six (6) claimed that it prepared them for the international workplace,

eight (8) believed that it equipped them with appropriate programs and actual trainings,

while five (5) felt that it helped them adopt or acquire global education.

Discovering the student’s perception about the roles and function of Senior High

School can help us determine on how the program shaped them to be prepared before

entering college.

Table No. 9 Benefits of Students from Senior High School


Benefits of Students Frequency Percentage Rank
from SHS

Global quality of
10 20.41% 3.5
education.

On-the-job (OJT)/Actual
17 34.69% 1
Trainings (Immersions).

Broad and diverse 10 20.41% 3.5


subjects or programs.
College-ready
12 24.49% 2
competencies.

Total 49 100%

The above table presents the different benefits of students from Senior High

School Program. According to the results, a large percentage of students believed that

SHS gave them substantial exposures to the jobs they’ll be having through the on-the-

job (OJT) or Actual Trainings (Immersions) by having 34.69% while the least number of

students believed that SHS provided global quality of education together with giving

broad and diverse subject or programs.

From the total number of thirty (30) respondents, the result shows that it gained

forty nine (49) responses. This concluded that some respondent received multiple

benefits from the SHS program.

Overall, ten (10) respondents believed that SHS program provided them global of

education, seventeen (17) for on the job actual trainings, ten (10) for broad and diverse

subjects or programs while twelve (12) received college preparation.


Understanding and probing student’s perception about the benefits of SHS

program can help the researchers determine the effects and impacts of such program to

the students.

Table No. 10 Advantages of Students Under the Academic Strand

Advantages of Students Frequency Percentage Rank


Under the Academic
Strand

Having applied and


specialized subjects that
20 51.28% 1
have direct link to college
courses.

Having the capacity to


10 25.64% 2
understand wide aspects
of life.
Having the ability to
8 20.51% 3
adopt wide variety of
lessons.
Having the high level of
guidance and monitoring 1 2.57% 4
of teachers.

Total 39 100%

The above table presents the different advantages of students under Academic

Strand of Senior High School program. As inferred from the results, a larger percentage

of students said that being in the Academic Strand provided them Applied and

Specialized subjects that have direct link to college courses for having 51.28% while

having the high level of guidance and monitoring of teachers became the least for only

having 2.57%.
From the total number of thirty (30) respondents, the table above had shown

thirty nine (39) responses. It can therefore be deduced that some respondents received

multiple benefits of being a part of Academic Strand.

Overall, twenty (20) students said that they received applied and specialized subjects,

ten (10) have the capacity to understand the wide aspects of life, eight (8) have the

ability to adopt wide variety of lessons and one (1) for having the high level of guidance

and monitoring of teachers.

Table No. 11 Effects of Senior High School to the Lives of Students

Effects of Senior High Frequency Percentage Rank


School to the Lives of
Students

Positively, because it
helps me explore a global
quality of education in
order to be prepared for
the international
29 96.67% 1
workplace, it further
develops my talents and
skills, as it also guides
and directs me to my
chosen course in college.

Negatively, because it 1 3.33% 2


just contributes additional
burden to my family’s
expenses, also the
government is still
unprepared for such
educational system shift
due to the limited number
of teaching personnel,
modules, books,
classrooms, other school
materials and facilities
that largely affects the
students’ learnings and
developments.
Total 30 100%

The table above presents the effects of Senior High School program to students.

According to the table, large percentage of SHS students have positive perception and

views on its effects and impacts for having 96.67% while there is still a small percentage

among the respondents that view it negatively 3.33%.

From the total number of thirty (30) respondents twenty nine (29) of them view of SHS

program positively while only one (1) view it negatively.

The part two (2) of the questionnaire assessed the focal factor and indicator of

the Senior High School students’ college preparedness through the evaluation of their

competencies in Philosophy as a core subject. The researchers utilized a self-made

questionnaire based on DepEd Curriculum Guide to determine the level of academic

performance of students based on their developed and mastered competencies in

Philosophy.

Weighted Verbal
Competencies
Mean Interpretation
I. Evaluates how well you understand the meaning
and method of doing Philosophy.
1. Distinguish a holistic perspective from a partial
2.30 Highly Competent
point of view.
2. Recognize human activities that emanated from Very Highly
1.40
deliberate reflection. Competent
3. Realize the value of doing philosophy in obtaining
2.23 Highly Competent
a broad perspective on life.
4. Do a philosophical reflection on a concrete
2.13 Highly Competent
situation from a holistic perspective.
5. Distinguish opinion from truth. 2.40 Highly Competent
6. Analyze situations that show the difference
2.13 Highly Competent
between opinion and truth.
7. Realize that the methods of philosophy lead to 2.06 Highly Competent
wisdom and truth.
8. Evaluate opinions. 2.12 Highly Competent
9. Recognize own limitations and possibilities. 2.01 Highly Competent
10. Evaluate own limitations and the possibilities for their
2.13 Highly Competent
transcendence.
11. Recognize how the human body imposes limits and Moderately
3.31
possibilities for transcendence. Competent
12. Distinguish the limitations and possibilities for
2.07 Highly Competent
transcendence.
13. Notice disorder in an environment. Moderately
2.63
Competent
14. Notice things that are not in their proper place and
2.33 Highly Competent
organize them in an aesthetic way.
15. Show that care for the environment contributes to
2.30 Highly Competent
health, well-being and sustainable development.
16. Demonstrate the virtues of prudence and frugality
2.28 Highly Competent
towards environments.

Weighted Verbal
Competencies
Mean Interpretation
II. Evaluates how well you understand Human
Living.
1. All actions have consequences. 1.66 Highly Competent
2. Should evaluate and exercise prudence in choices. Very Highly
1.48
Competent
3. Choices have consequences. 2.07 Highly Competent
4. Some things are given up while others are obtained in
1.66 Highly Competent
making choices.
5. Believe in situations that demonstrate the freedom of
Very Highly
choice and that there are consequences of their 1.34
Competent
choices.
6. Intersubjectivity requires accepting differences and Very Highly
1.31
not to imposing on others. Competent
7. We should appreciate the talents of persons with
Very Highly
disabilities and those from the underprivileged sectors 1.28
Competent
of society and their contributions to society.
8. Authentic dialogue means accepting others even if
2.30 Highly Competent
they are different from themselves.
9. We should perform activities that demonstrate the
talents of persons with disabilities and those from the 1.73 Highly Competent
underprivileged sectors of society.
10. We should recognize how individuals form societies
1.9 Highly Competent
and how individuals are transformed by societies.
11. Should be able to compare different forms of
societies and individualities (eg. Agrarian, industrial 1.66 Highly Competent
and virtual).
12. Human relations are transformed by social systems. 1.67 Highly Competent
13. Believes in the transformation of human relationships
by social systems and how societies transform 1.9 Highly Competent
individual human beings.
14. Believes in the value and the meaning of one’s own 1.75 Highly Competent
life.

As shown on the tables above, the students are on the average Highly

Competent already in the required understanding of the Philosophy as a core subject in

Senior High School and can be logically be deduced as college-bound ready. Though

there are noticeable Very Highly Competent and Moderately Competent verbal

translation and interpretation of the responses made by the respondents, it can be

noted that an overwhelming recurring of the Highly Competent descriptions is the best

collective reflection of the developed competencies of the students for the given subject.

Under the premise that Philosophy is the cradle of education, the Senior High

School students are now believed to be equipped of logical knowledge to be ready for

deeper probing and in-depth analysis of subjects and disciplines that are required in the

mastery of college education.