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1|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE

CONTENTS

What are the Meadows of Paradise…………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede………3

Brief Synopsis of the Course…………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede………3

Who is this course for……………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede……3

What you will learn at the end……………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede4

Teachers………………………………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede5

What is a Hadith Qudsi………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede………


Fernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede6

Hadith Number One…………………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede7

Hadith Number Two…………………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede11

Hadith Number Three………………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede14
Hadith Number Four……………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede……17

Hadith Number Five…………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand


Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede……Fernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand
Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede19

Hadith Number Six……………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede……………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede24

Hadith Number Seven…………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede……………………………………


Fernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede28

Hadith Number EightFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede…………………………………………………………………Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede……32

2|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE


What are the Meadows of Paradise?

Meadows of Paradise are what the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) described as the

gatherings of knowledge and remembranceFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede When the seekers of
Paradise gather in their quest

for intellectual and spiritual nourishment the noble scribes descend there upon to seek

forgiveness for those aspiring to please their LordFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Organisers: Islamic Forum of Europe, East London Mosque, London Muslim Centre, Young

Muslim Organisation, and Muslimaat UFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeKFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

___________________________________________________________________________

Brief Synopsis of the Course:

This 8 week course will give an introduction to the terminology and concept of the corpus of

Hadith Qudsi (Scared Hadith) and their relation to the Qur’an and Hadiths of the ProphetFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede It

will introduce the participants to key sacred hadiths with their relevant commentary from

classical and contemporary sources thus providing the seeker a basic and comprehensive

understanding and nature of the Hadith Qudsi (Scared Hadith)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

___________________________________________________________________________
Who is this course for?

Students of Shari’ah who wish to further their knowledge of Hadith

People who want to develop and strengthen their relationship with Allah

Teachers who wish to learn the Divine methodology of disseminating knowledge

People who wish to take the next step in their journey to Allah and Islam

People who want to acquaint themselves with the various names and attributes of Allah

3|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE


At the end you willFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede

Know what a Hadith Qudsi is and the difference between a normal Hadith and Hadith

Qudsi

Know the difference between Hadith Qudsi and the Qur’an and how to differentiate

between them

Know some of the meanings of some selected sacred hadiths

Develop a deeper love for Allah

Earn the pleasure of Allah

___________________________________________________________________________

Some of the topics include:

Friends of Allah / The self sufficient / First to be judged / Shepherd’s prayer / First deed to be

Judged / Angels who hunt / Good and Bad deeds

___________________________________________________________________________
DATE/TIME

Session 1: 1st Oct: 7:00pm

Session 2: 8th Oct: 6:45pm

Session 3: 15th Oct: 6:45pm

Session 4: 22nd Oct: 6:15pm

Session 5: 29th Oct: 7:45pm

Session 6: 5th Nov: 7:15pm

Session 7: 12th Nov: 7:15pm

Session 8: 19th Nov: 7:15pm

4|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE


Teachers:

Shaykh Abdul Qayyum is the Imam and Khatib of the East London Masjid and has studied under the

Shuyuks of Riyadh which include the likes of Shaykh Ibn BaazFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He is an
experienced community leader

and has taught at the International Islamic University in Malaysia and Yusuf Islam's boys collegeFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He also

delivers Tafsir in the Benagli medium every Saturday evenings at the Mosque and occasionaly covers the

fathul bari of Imam Ibn Hajar AsqalaniFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Imam Abdul Qayyum also has
extensive da’wa experience in

Bangladesh as well as in the UFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeKFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He
specialises in fiqh and tafseer of the Qur’anFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He also hold an MFernand
Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeA in

the Arabic Language and has authored essays, articles and books on various issues pertaining to Islam
and

MuslimsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Ustadh Abdullah Hasan graduated with an Imam Diploma and BA in Islamic Studies from

the European College for Islamic Studies ( Wales )Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He holds a diploma
in Arabic from Zarqa Private

University ( Jordan ) and studied with the Scholars of Jordan including Shaykh Ahmad Hawwa [son of the

late Scholar Syed Hawwa , Syria ], Jamal Ud Din Basha as well as attending private classes of Shaykh

Mashur Hasan Salman and othersFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He is a founding director of Spring
Foundation (SF), which is a

scholarship charity for students of the Islamic sciencesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He was the
Director of Student Affairs and a

teacher of Islamic Studies at the European Academy for Islamic Studies (London, U,K)Fernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede He is a member

of the European Assembly of Imams and Spiritual Guides, and has been involved with Islamic Forum

Europe(IFE), a grassroots dawah organisation, since 1998Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Currently, he
teaches Islamic Studies at

London East Academy secondary school (East London), and is the Imam [Khateeb] of UFernand Feukeu
Ngassam SilfredeKFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeIFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeM Mosque
in Euston Square, and also pursuing post graduate course in Counselling Psychology, focusing on youth

counselling, and delivers fortnightly classes at the East London Mosque on subjects such as tafseer and

commentary of selected hadithsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Utadh Shafi al-Rahman began his Islamic studies in the UK under Shaykh Abdul Qayyum with whom

he studied Arabic, Fiqh, Tafseer and AqeedaFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He went on to study
Arabic grammar, Hanafi Fiqh and

Hadith under Shaykh Mohammad Akram Nadwi from whom he received IjazasFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

He then travelled abroad to study Shariah at the renowned Mahd al-Fath as well as with private teachers

in DamascusFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He is currently studying Hanafi Fiqh and Usul,
Comparative Usul, Mustalah Hadith,

advanced Arabic grammar, Balagha, Uloom al-Quran, and Aqeeda with notable Shuyukh in Egypt whilst

also studying Shariah degree at al-AzharFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Shafi al-Rahman holds an MSc with distinction in Addictive Behaviour and has over 15 years of

professional management experience as a director and consultant in the not-for profit sectorFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He is a

founding director of Angelwing Media and is currently translating several classical Arabic texts into

English including the forthcoming Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali’s ‘Bughyat al-insan fi wazaif RamadanFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede’

Ustadh Abdul Malik Abdur-Razzak studied Arabic and Shariah at the European College for Islamic

Studies, FranceFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He travelled to Syria and Jordan to study under notable
Scholars including Shaykh

Ahmad Hawwa [the son of the late Syed Hawwa, Syria]Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He is a member
Islamic Forum Europe and

European Assembly of Imams and Spiritual Guides, a founder director of Spring Foundation (SF), and

currently training to become a social worker at Goldsmiths University of LondonFernand Feukeu


Ngassam Silfrede
5|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE
What is a Hadith Qudsi?

A Hadith Qudsi (plural Ahadith Qudsiyyah) is a statement where Prophet Muhammad (peace and

blessings be upon him) reports a statement and he refers it directly to AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede The regular Hadith

or what is generally known as a Hadith Nabawi (Prophetic report) is a Hadith where one of the

Companions reports the Prophet's statements, his deeds, or things that happened in his presence

and he approved of themFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede There are more than one hundred Ahadith
QudsiyahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede They are very

beautiful and deal mostly with spiritual and ethical subjectsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

___________________________________________________________________________

What is the Difference between a Hadith (Prophetic statement) and Hadith Qudsi

(Sacred Hadith?)

The scholars of Hadith have mentioned five main differences between the Qur'an and the

Hadith Qudsi:

1Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Qur'an was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings be
upon him) verbatim, iFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede its

words and meanings are both from AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Hadith Qudsi was not a
verbatim revelation; its

words are from the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

2Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Qur'an was revealed via Angel Jibreel while Hadith Qudsi may
have been inspired by

other ways, such as in the form of a dreamFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede


3Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The words of the Qur'an are miraculous or inimitable (Mu’jizah)
while the words of the

Hadith Qudsi are not of this natureFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

4Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Qur'an is recited in formal prayers (Salah) but the Hadith Qudsi
cannot be recited in

prayersFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

5Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede One is not allowed to touch the Qur'an in the state of Janabah (post-
sexual impurity), while

there is no such prohibition for touching the books of Hadith QudsiFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede"

6|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE


Hadith Number one

‫ أ‬١ٌٚ‫بء هلال‬

The Friends of Allah (Awliya Allah)

ِٓٓ : ‫٘شػٓ أث‬


ٟ ٠‫لبيشح سض‬
ٟ ‫ػ‬ ٌٝ
ٍٝ ‫ هلال‬١ٍٗ ٚ‫ُ ٍُع‬:‫لبي ( ْإ هلال رؼب‬
ٕ ٗ ‫ هلال‬:‫ لبي سع‬ٛ‫ػي هلال ص‬
ٗ
‫ ٌأحت إ‬ّٟ‫افزشضز ػ ّـ‬ ‫ ِّب‬١ٍٗ ، ٚ‫ ِب‬٠‫ضاي‬
ّ ‫ػبد‬ٌٟٜ ٟ‫ ٌـ‬١ٌٚ‫آر ٗز ثبٌحشة‬
ٔ ‫ ب فمذ‬، ٚ‫ ٌِب رم ّشة إ‬ّٟ‫ ػجذ ّـ‬ٞ‫ء ثش‬ٟ
، ٗ‫ػجذ‬ٞ ٠‫ٌزم ّشة إ‬ّٟ‫ ثب ّـ‬ٌٕٛH‫افً حز‬ٝ‫ ّٗ ّٗ أُحج‬،‫ؼٌز‬ ٗ
‫أحججز ٕوذ ّع ٗ ا‬ ‫ فئرا‬ٞ ٠‫ ٗ ّغغ ث‬، ٚ‫ثصش اٌز‬ٞ
ٖ ٠‫جصش ث‬

ٖ٠ٚ‫ذ اٌز‬ٟٖ ٠‫جطش ث‬ٙ‫ ب‬، ٚ‫سج اٌز‬ٟ ٍ ٗ ٠‫ثش‬ّٟ‫ ّـ‬ٙ‫ ب‬، ٚ‫طإْ عؤ‬ ٌٕٟ‫ ألػ ٌـ‬١ّٕٗHّ ٗ، ٚ‫ٌٔ ٓئ اعزؼبر‬ٟ‫ ألػ ٌـ‬١‫ ّّٗٔٔز ) س‬ٚ‫ا‬
ٞ ‫اٌجخبس‬Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

On the Authority of Abu Huraira who said the Messenger of Allah said: "Allah said, 'I will

declare war against him who shows hostility to a pious worshipper (walî) of MineFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede And the most

beloved things with which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined (farada) upon

him; and My slave continues to come closer to Me through performing nawâfil (praying or doing

extra deeds besides what is obligatory) till I love him, so when I love him I become his sense of

hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which he sees, and his hand with which

he grips, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he seeks My

protection (Refuge), I will protect him; (iFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede give him My Refuge)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

(Recorded by Bukhari)

Notes on Hadith:
1Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This hadith informs us that that there are among the believers
some who have been

elevated to become the friends of AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This is proven by definitive
text of the Shari’ahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

2Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Who is a Wali? Wali, plural is awliya, is an Arabic word meaning
naseer (ally, friend)

Awliya Allah, therefore, means Friends of Allah (jalla thana uh)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The
Shari’ah definition of

a Wali is given by Allah in the following verse: ‘’Those who believe and have the Taqwa

of Allah’’Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede From this verse there are two criterion of a Wali: 1) Iman,
2) TaqwaFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

3Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Supra-normal happenings (Khawariq al ‘adat) are those things that
are contrary to normal

happenings, these happenings occur only by the permission of Allah for certain wisdomsFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Supra-normal occurrences are of three types:

 ُِ ْ‫ِجضح‬
َ ‫ؼ‬Mu'jizah is the miraculous demonstrations by the Ambiyaa (AS)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede These

supernatural events are exhibited by the permission of Allah and they serve to establish

the authenticity of the Ambiyaa (AS)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Mu'jizah was not
demonstrated by the Ambiyaa

(AS) at willFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 ([ ) َ‫و َشا َِخ‬Mini Miracles): Karamat constitutes that supra-normal happening which

emanates from a person who is outwardly and inwardly righteous (a believer), follows an

apostle/Prophet and adheres to his Shari’ahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 ‫عز ْذ َساجْ إ‬Tricks


ِ that are enacted by a Kafir (disbeliever) or a fasiq (sinner)

7|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE


4Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Hadith warns all those who show enmity towards the friends of
AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This, of

course, is established due to him being a pious believer and not for any world reasonsFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede

There is mutual Mu’adat (showing enmity) but the believer only shows enmity for the

sake of AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And when Allah announces war on those who show
enmity to His friends,

He deploys His soldiers to devastate themFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede People of Nuh were
destroyed by water

which was a solider of AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The sound that destroyed the people of
Thamud was

among the soldiers of AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The wind that exterminated the people
of ‘Ad was among

the soldiers of Allah etcFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

5Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Hadith also informs us that Wilaya (to become a walî of Allah)
can be acquired by all

believers as long as they follow the commandments which Allah mentioned in the

HadithFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Firstly, to execute the obligatory duties and avoid the
prohibitedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And secondly,

one continues to draw close to Allah by performing the nafawil (extra non obligatory

deeds)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

6Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Hadith enlightens us the reward of drawing close to Allah – that
Allah will love him

if he performs the obligations and goes the extra mileFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede People exert
all their effort,

spending huge amounts of material wealth, spending time, and everything that they

possess so that a human, who cannot bring harm or benefit, would love themFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede How dare

a believer not endeavour to acquire the love of Allah by giving his soul, his wealth and

everything he possess?!

7Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The Hadith demonstrates that the reward of attaining the station of
love with Allah is

immaterial (ma’nawi), but not many people comprehend things that are immaterial
(ma’nawi), this is why Allah mentions the immaterial (ma’nawi) reward then He explained

it by stating : ‘’And when I love him, I become his sense of hearing with which he

hearsFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam


Silfrede’’Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede However, what does that mean? Some people have
interpreted this hadith

literally and have opined that if a servant continues to perform the obligatory duties and

then the non obligatory duties he unites with Allah and becomes one with Allah – in

other words he becomes Allah! They term this as wahjatul wujudFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
The correct position

on this matter is that there are two completely different groups in regards to wahjatul

wujud: 1) Those who forward that all of creation were originated with a single order of

creation and that a single law governs everythingFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This indicates to
the fact that its

creator is OneFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede 2) Those who believe in the unification of the
creation with the CreatorFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

This is major heresy which takes one outside the fold of IslamFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

8Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The wordings of the Hadith (pertaining to the limbs) are to be
understood in a figurative

mannerFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The apparent and literal meanings of these sections of the
Hadith conflict with

the established and sound Islamic creed (Aqeedah)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The scholars
propose the following

explanations:

A) There is a missing or hidden phrase (ellipsis in English) in these sections of the

HadithFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Take for example the dua (Ittaqillah) or ‘fear Allah’Fernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The apparent meaning of

the phrase is that you place a barrier and a protection between you and Allah, but this is

not the intent of the duaFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The meaning is ‘fear (or save yourself
from) the punishment of

AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede So the meaning in the Hadith would read here: I (Allah) will
protect his hearing

with which he hears, I will protect his sight with which he sees, I will protect his hand

with which he grasps, and I will protect his leg with which he walksFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
B) These phrases are allegorical (kinayat)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede They express the intense
love the servant has

for Allah and that he gives the utmost importance in fulfilling his Lord’s commandments

8|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE


to everyone and everything elseFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Such as the mothers saying in
Arabic: he/she is my eye,

my ear, my eyes, and my soulFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Meaning that she loves her children
abundantlyFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Similarly

the Wali (friend of Allah) loves Allah more than he loves his hearing, his sight etcFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede

C) When Allah says, ‘I will become his hearing with which he hears etcFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede This means that

Allah will aid him against his enemiesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Human beings are limited as
to what they can

achieve with their finite limbs; therefore Allah aids the Awliya (believers) with His power

and mightFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Sometimes when Allah helps a servant the event turns
into a mini-miracle

(Karamat), such as in the case of Umar ibn Al-Khattab, he saw (while doing a khutbah)

the Muslim army approaching the enemy in a faraway place while he was in Medinah and

informed them of the incoming threat, his speech reached the army and they were saved

from them and were victorious over their enemiesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Therefore, when
Umar saw the army

he did not see them with his sight but he visualised it thorough the power of AllahFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede This

is also true when the Prophet threw the pebbles at his enemies and they were all

destroyed by the power of AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

D) The meaning of these phrases according some is that the seeing of the Wali is

more astute and truthful than a normal personFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede A child, for example,
if he were to

hold a watch with alarms etcFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He will only see this gadget as a game,
but will not realise

or discern that it a watch that tells the time, days and months etcFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
Therefore a normal

person sees the universe with its sky, stars, planets, oceans, trees etcFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede He does not see

except the beautiful scenarios and surroundings etcFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede However, a
believer sees and is
reminded in all these creation the power, might and majesty of AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

Benefits from the Hadith:

 This is a powerful and profound Hadith Qudsi in which Allah informs and invites us to

be among His friends and alliesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 Showing enmity to the friends of Allah is among the enormities (Kabira sins)Fernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede

 Affirming that there are Awliya Allah among His slavesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This cannot
be deniedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 Affirming that Allah loves and that this is one of His attributes

 That pious deeds drives one closer to AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This is experienced by
anyone who performs

righteous actionsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 When Allah loves a person He gives him spiritual and physical strength

 When Allah loves a person He answers his prayers

 Affirming that Karamat (mini miracles) are real and only pious people have the potential

to experience them if Allah so wills

 All believers have the capacity and ability to become the Awliya AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

 Some sections of the Hadith are to be understood in a figurative mannerFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

 The Hadith demonstrates to us some of the most sublime characteristics of Allah, Al

Wadud, Al Rahman, Al Raheem, Al QawiiyFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

9|Meadows of Paradise: Tafseer of Sacred Hadith – ELM/IFE


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10 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
Hadith Number Two

‫رزوش هلال‬

Remembering God

:ََُ ‫ٍعه‬

ََٚ ١ٌٚ ِٗ ‫ه‬ ‫َ ٍََػ‬١ْ


ُ‫صه‬
ٍ ٝ ‫هلال‬
َ ُّٟ ِ ‫ه‬ ‫َػ ُْْٕٕٗٗ ٍُ لَب َي‬:‫لَب َي ٌٕاهج‬
ُ‫ ض‬َٟ‫ َـ‬ٟ ‫هلال‬
َِ ‫ ٘ ُ َش‬٠ْ‫َ َشح‬ ‫س‬
‫ْْ َْْٓٓ َػ‬ ‫أَث‬ِٟ‫ِـ‬
ِّٓ ‫ َٔأََٔب ِػ ْٕ َذ‬ٞ‫ ث‬ِٟ‫ِـ‬،ٟ َ‫ش‬
ِٟ ‫َهلالُ َر َؼب‬:ٌََٝٝ ‫ظَٓ َ ػْج ِذ‬ َٔ
ِ‫ِـأََٔب َِ َ ُٗ ُـإ‬،ِٟٟٔ ‫ف ِـ فَ ِْْئ َر َو َش‬
َٚ َ ‫ٗؼ َرا َر َو‬ ِٟٔ ِٟ‫ِ ََٔٔ ْف ِـ‬ َٚ َ ‫ٔف ِـ ْإِْ َر َو‬ِٟ
‫غ‬ٟ،َ‫ش‬
ِ ََٔٔ ْ ‫ِٗ غ‬،ٗ‫َر َو ْش ُٗ ٍُُٗر ِف‬ٟ ‫ف‬
٠‫ َهٍُم‬َُٛ ‫"ُي‬

ِٟٔ‫ش ْج ٍش‬،‫هشث ُذ إ‬ ً ‫ ِٗ ِر َسا‬، َ‫ه‬َٚ ٌَ‫ػ ْإِْ َر َم هش َة ِإ‬


ْ ‫ ٌََِ َر َم‬١ْ‫ػب‬ ْ ‫ ٌََِ َر َم‬١ْ‫ػب‬
ٟ‫ ِر َسا ًب‬،‫هشث ُذ إ‬ َٚ ‫ْْإِ أَ َر‬
ً ‫بَ ِٗ ثَب‬

ِ ِ ‫ َر َو ْش ُٗ ٍُُٗر‬ِٟ‫ َِ َ ٍَل َخ ِـ‬١ْ‫ ٕ ْْٕ ِ ٌش‬ٍُٙ ُٙ ُ،ْ َ‫ه‬َٚ ٌٌََِ‫ث ِْْإ َر َم هش َة ِإ‬
ٟ
‫َِ َ ٍَل‬،‫ف‬
ُٗ
" ًٌَ ٘ ‫خَ ٍُُٗز‬َٚ
٠َ ّْ ِ ‫ش‬ٟ،‫ َ أَر‬١ْ‫ََْش‬

On the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“I am as My servant thinks I amFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede I am with him when he makes mention
of MeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede If he

makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes


mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than itFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede And

if he draws near to Me an arm’s length, I draw near to him a fathom’s lengthFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede And if he

comes to Me walking, I go to him at speedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede”

(Recorded by Bukhari)

Notes on Hadith

“I am as My servant thinks I am”

This hadith firstly directs us to be optimistic towards life in general and towards Allah subhana

wa ta’ala in particularFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The scholars have said that zanni abdi (as my
servant thinks) here means

that Allah subhana wa ta’ala is able to deal with his servant the way the servant thinks Allah

subhana wa ta’ala will deal with himFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Also there is a subtle indication
that Hope should be

preferred over fear because whoever of sound intellect comes to know this Hadith will hold a

good opinion of his Lord and expect His reward and forgiveness rather than having a bad

opinion of His Lord expecting His Anger and punishmentFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

“I am with him when he makes mention of Me”

Meaning I am with him in My knowledgeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Zikr (remembrance) can be
with the tongue or the

heart or bothFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Also it could be by following His orders and abstaining
from His prohibitionsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

The Hadith also points to the huge importance and benefits of zikr (remembrance of Allah)Fernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
Allah is with you when you mention HimFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede What else can one ask for in
terms of comfort for the

weak, the oppressed, the depressed, the lonely, the lost, the misguided, the bewildered, the

traveller, and the sick? Whatever your situation, whatever your need Allah is there when you

remember HimFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself;

11 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
Meaning if he makes mention of Me (Allah) with reverence and sanctity I will remember him

with reward and favoursFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly

better than itFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Meaning in a higher gathering (possibly with Angels) where Allah subhana wa ta’ala is presentFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

And if he draws near to Me an arm’s length, I draw near to him a fathom’s lengthFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede And if

he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede”

Meaning if he draws near to me even with a few good deeds I will reward him in abundance and

if he increases in his good deeds I will increase his rewardsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Lessons from the Hadith

1] Always have a good opinion of Allah subhana wa ta’ala, never be pessimistic or despair of his

MercyFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Know that He will reward you for your deedsFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede Hope is preferred over fear whilst both

should be presentFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

2] Importance and benefits of Zikr in all situations of our livesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The
different types of Zikr and

how we are honoured when we honour Allah ta’alaFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

3] Remembering that Allah subhana wa ta’ala always rewards our deeds generously beyond our

imaginationFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede


4] Allah subhana wa ta’ala is encouraging us to keep struggling to draw close to Him through our

deeds, because when we make the effort to draw close He will assist us and make it easy to find

HimFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He wants to make it easy for us, forgive us and shower His mercy
upon usFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This is a

tremendous bounty and mercy from Allah subhana wa ta’ala because we are in complete need of

Him whilst He is absolutely free of any needsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

5] The combination of having a good opinion of Allah subhana wa ta’ala, remembering Him and

constantly making an effort throughout our lives to draw near to HimFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

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13 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
‫‪Hadith Number Three‬‬

‫بءُ‪ ٠‬اٌش‪٠‬رحش‬

‫‪Prohibition of Show-off‬‬

‫َُ‪ٛ‬يٍَُم‪ٍ ُ ٠‬عه ‪:‬‬

‫صهٗ ‪ ََٚ ١ٌٚ‬‬


‫ػ ٍ‬
‫ٍَ‪ ١‬هلال َ ‪ٝ‬‬
‫ػلَب ‪َٟ‬يضَ ِ َ‬
‫َ هلال ٗ َٕ‬ ‫ي هلال‪ٛ‬ع‬
‫ِ َشح َس‪َ ُ ٘ ٠‬ش ِـِ‪ٓ َ ٟ‬‬
‫ػ أث ُ‬ ‫ع ِّؼ ُذ َس‬

‫ْ ُعزْ سجٌ ًًٌ ا ُِٗٗ ْ‪ٍَ ١‬ب َِ ِخ ػِ‪ٌْ َ ١‬اْ م‪ٝ ْ ٠ٛ‬ض َ ‪:‬‬ ‫ثَ ِ فَؤُر‪َ ،‬ذِ‪ ٙ‬ش‬ ‫ُٗ ٍَُٗ‬
‫هشف ِٔٔ ْؼ َّز‪َٝ ِ ِٗ ٗ،‬‬ ‫بَ َ فَ َؼشف‪ َُُٗ َٗ ،‬فَؼ‬
‫ب ؟ لَب َي‪ ١ِٙ‬فَ َّب َػ ٍِّْْ َذ ف‪ :‬لب َي‪َٙ ،‬‬
‫ُ ْم‪ ٠‬ط‬
‫يَ ِ‬
‫ٌٕاهب‪ٚ‬إْه أ ه‬
‫أُ ٌْْ م‪َ ِٗ ٝ‬حزهِ‪َٚ ْ ٙ‬جَ ٍَ‪ٍَ ٝٝ‬غ ِح َت ػ ِ َ‪ٝ‬‬
‫ْ ُعزْ ا‪ٝ‬هَ َحزه َ ُ‬ ‫ث ِٗ ف‪ ١ِ ًَ ،‬فَ َم ْذ ل‪ُٞ ،‬ءٍُمب َي َج ِش‪ٕ ِ ٌََْْ ٠‬ىههَ لَبرْ ٍْ َذ أ َ‪ٚ‬لَ ‪ ،‬لب َي َو َز ْثذ‪ُْ :‬ذدِ‪ ٙ‬ش‬
‫ث هُ أُ ِ َش ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‪١‬لَب َرْ ٍْ ُذ ف‬

‫يَ ِ‪ ١‬ف َّب ػ ِّْ ٍْ َذ ف‪ :‬لب َي ُ‬ ‫ؼه ّّْْ ذ‪ :‬ب ؟ لب َ َ‪ٙ‬‬ ‫ثَ ِ ‪َ Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede‬ر ٍ‬ ‫ُٗ ٍَُٗ‬
‫هشفٔ ِٔ َ ُٗ ُّٗـؼفَ َؼ َشف‪َٝ ِ ِٗ ٗ،‬‬ ‫َ‪ٙ‬‬
‫بَ َ فَ َؼ‬
‫ؼهُ ٌْاْ ِؼََ‪ٚ‬‬ ‫َُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َّٗ‬ ‫ٌْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ٌٕا‬
‫ػه‪َ ٍّ َ ُٚ‬س ُ ًج َر ٍ‬ ‫ِسف ‪ Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede‬فَؤر‪َ َ ،‬ل َشأ اْ ُم ْشآ‪ٍ َ َٓ ُٗ، ٚ‬‬ ‫هب ‪ٟ‬‬
‫َزثذ‪ :‬لَب َي‪َ َْ ،‬ه ٌْاْ مشآِ‪١‬ل َشأ ُد َ‪ُٗ َ ٚ‬‬ ‫ُٗ‬
‫ف ‪ٍ َ ٍُُٗ ،‬‬
‫ػه ّّْْ َ‪ٚ‬زَ ََُُ ٍْ ٌْاْ ِؼ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ؼ ‪َ َ ،‬و ْ‬
‫ؼه ّْْ ّذ ٌْاْ ِ ‪ٚ‬‬ ‫فَ َم ْذ‪ٌ ،‬ء‪ ٜ‬لَب ِس‪ : ٘ٛ‬مب َيٌِ‪َ ْ ١‬ل َشأ ُد ٌْاْ مشآ‪ٍ َ ٍُُٗ ، ٚ‬‬
‫ػه ّّْْ َ‪ٚ‬زَ ََُُ ٍْ ٌ ِ ٕىهه َر َ ٍ‬
‫ث ِٗ فَؼ هشفِ‪ ٝ‬فَؤ ُر‪ ،‬بف اٌ َّبي َُٗ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ ف‪ُ ،‬‬
‫ث ه ُ َٕ ِ‬ ‫ف ِ أُ ٌْْ م‪َ ِٗ ٝ‬حزهِ‪َٚ ْ ٙ‬جَ ٍَ‪ ٍَٝ ٝ‬غ ِح َت ػ‬
‫ِس َ‪َ ٝ‬‬
‫ع َغ ه ه‪َ ًٌ ٚ‬س ُ َ‪ٚ‬جَ ‪ٌٕ ،‬اهب ‪ٟ‬‬ ‫ب ِِْْٓٓ أ َ‪ٚ‬‬
‫صَ ‪ٍَ َ١ْ ِٗ ٗ،‬هلال َػ‬ ‫أ ْػطَ ٖ‬
‫أ ِ َش‪١ِ ًَ ،‬ل‬
‫َ ِِِٓٓ ُ ِب رشوذ‪Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede :‬و ْ‬
‫َزثذ‪ :‬لَب َيَ َ ‪،‬‬ ‫ب ٌَه‪١ٙ‬ب إاله أْٔفَ ْم ُذ َ‪ٙ‬‬
‫فَ ‪١‬ك ف‬
‫بَ َ فَ َؼ َشف‪َُٔٓ َُّٗٗ ،‬ؼ ‪Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede‬ب ؟ لبي‪ ١ٙ‬فَ َّب َػ ِّْ ٍْذ ف‪ :‬لبي‬
‫َ‪ٙ‬‬

‫ف‪ُ ًًٍٍ ْْ ٠‬ر ِح ُّت أ‪ٕ ١‬‬


‫عجْ َُ َ‬
‫ث ِٗ ف‪١ ًَ ،‬ا ٌد فَ َم ْذ َ‪ٛ‬لَ َج‪َ ُ : ٘ٛ‬مب َيٌ‪ٕ ِ ٌََ ١‬ىه َه فَ ٍُ‬ ‫َُ ُ‬
‫ث هُ أ ِ َش ِ‬ ‫ْ ٍَ‪ ََٝ ٝ‬غ ِح َت َػ‬ ‫ث هُ ٌْأْ مِ‪ٚ ٙ‬‬
‫ج‬ ‫بس َ‪ٝ‬‬
‫فَ ِ ِٗ ُ‬ ‫ٖا ِغ‪ ٚ‬س‪ٌٕ -‬ا ‪ٟ‬‬
‫َؼْ ٍْذ‪ٚ‬‬
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: I heard the

Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “The first of people

against whom judgment will be pronounced on the Day of Resurrection will be a man

who died a martyrFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He will be brought and Allah will make known to
him His favours

and he will recognize themFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede [ The Almighty] will say: And what did you
do about them?

He will say: I fought for you until I died a martyrFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He will say: You have
lied - you did

but fight that it might be said [of you]: He is courageousFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And so it was
saidFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Then he

will be ordered to be dragged along on his face until he is cast into Hell-fireFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede [Another]

will be a man who has studied [religious] knowledge and has taught it and who used to

recite the QuranFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He will be brought and Allah will make known to his
His favours and

he will recognize themFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede [The Almighty] will say: And what did you do
about them? He

will say: I studied [religious] knowledge and I taught it and I recited the Quran for Your

sakeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He will say: You have lied - you did but study [religious]
knowledge that it might

be said [of you]: He is learnedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And you recited the Quran that it might
be said [of you]:

He is a reciterFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And so it was saidFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
Then he will be ordered to be dragged along on his

face until he is cast into Hell-fireFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede [Another] will be a man whom Allah
had made rich

and to whom He had given all kinds of wealthFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He will be brought and
Allah will make

known to his His favours and he will recognize themFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede [The Almighty] will
say: And what

did you do about them? He will say: I left no path [untrodden] in which You like money

to be spent without spending in it for Your sakeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He will say: You have
lied - you did but
do so that it might be said [of you]: He is open-handedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And so it was
saidFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Then he will

be ordered to be dragged along on his face until he is cast into Hell-fire”Fernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

It was related by Muslim (also by at-Tirmidhi and an-Nasa'i)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

14 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
Lessons:

 This hadith contains severe warning against pretention and showing-offFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede Actions alone

are not enough to guarantee a person’s entry into paradiseFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The
hadith teaches us that all

actions have to be done with sincerity for Allah’s sakeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This is the
meaning of Allah’s

statement:

ْ ُ‫صالَ َج ََو ُْْ ٍُؤذ‬


َ ِ‫َماج َو َرى‬
َ ‫ىا ٱى َّض‬
‫ُِِص ىَهُ ٱى ِّ َََِِذ ُ ََْْحفَآ َء ََُوق‬ ُ
َِ َُ ُ َُ ْ ِّ َ ‫ل ِ ٍَُُِِد ٱى‬
‫ق َ ِح‬
َّ ‫للُ ٍُ ْخي ْ َوَ ٍَآ أُِ ٍِش ُۤۤ ٍُو ْا‬
َ َّ‫ِ ِٱ‬ ‫ىا ٱى‬
‫ُِى ْؼثُذ‬
ٍََُُِ ‫إِا َّل‬

َّ ُ‫وا‬

"And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship

none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform

As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, and that is the right religionFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede'' (Surah

Al-Bayyinah: 5)

 We learn that Allah will first of all bring those who used to show-off to account for their

pretentionsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede No virtue will be accepted without sincerity, no


matter how great it may beFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

A pretender who does good deeds for mere show will be consigned to Hell rather than

being rewarded with ParadiseFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede That’s why Allah says:
ُ ِ‫ى ِ ٌز َُ ْْف‬
َّ ‫ت ْٲى َِِّ َوٱأ َل َر ٰي َمٲ‬
ِ ‫ص َذ ٰقَ ِر ٌُن‬
ِ َّْ‫قَ ٍَاىَهُ ِسئَآ َء ٱى‬
‫ْ ُىا ا َل ُذ ْث ِطي‬ ‫اط‬
َّ ‫ْ ٍٍََُُْْ َٰٰ َ َُّؤهَا ٱ‬
َ ‫ى ََِ َِِز آ‬ ‫ىا‬

“O you who believe cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by

injury,- like those who spend their substance to be seen of people” (Surah al-

Baqarah: 264)

 Finally the hadith teaches us that insincere actions and pretentious devotions are forms

of minor or hidden Shirk (polytheism) which can destroy a personFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
That is why the

Messenger of Allah (May Allah be pleased with him) said:

َ ُ‫ إُ أخ َىفَ ٍَا أ َخ اف‬،‫ قَاىُىا‬:‫وَ ٍَا اى ِّششك األصغَش ؟‬


َ‫ػ ُي ٌُن اى ِّششك األص َغش‬
َّ

: ‫ب َرىِل َى ًًََ اىِقٍُُِاَ ٍَ ِح إرا َجاصي ا َّْْىَٓاط‬

ِ ‫ألصحا‬
َ َ ‫قُىه هلال‬
َ‫ قَا َه اى َِّ َِٓشاء‬،‫ػض َو َج َّو‬

‫ف اى ُُّّذا‬
ٍ ‫ى اى ِّزَ ِ ُ ْم ٌُُر َذشاء ُو‬ ْ ِ ‫فَاّظُشوا هَو ذِ ََِج ُذ ُو‬
ً ‫ ارهَثىا إ‬،‫ػَذُهٌُ َجضاء‬

“The thing I fear for you most is ash-shirk al asghar (the minor shirk)"Fernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede The
companions asked: "Oh Messenger of Allah what is ash-shirk al asghar?"Fernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede He

replied: Ar-riya (showing off), for verily Allah will say on the day of resurrection

when people are recieving their rewardsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede "Go to those for
whom you were

showing off in the world and see if you can find any reward from themFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

Reported by Ahmad and authenticated by Al-Albani

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Hadith Number Four

ٟ ٌ‫ا‬
ََُٕ ‫َغصالح َسا ِػ‬

The Shepherd’s Prayer

: ‫ ُ ٍع ُه‬٠‫يٍَُم‬َُٛ

َ ٚ١ٌٚ ٗ‫ ض‬َٟ‫ػبي ع َُ ِْػ ُذ َس َـ‬


َ‫ُ هلال ُٗ َُٕٗـٕل‬ ٍ ‫ػ‬
‫صه‬ ٝ َ ‫ هلال‬١ٍَ
َ َ‫ػب ِش َس‬ ِ ٓ ‫ػم َجخ‬
َ ‫ث‬ ُ ٓ‫ػ‬
َ ِ ‫ع‬ٛ‫ي هلال‬

، َ٘‫فص‬ َُٛ ‫هَ ًي هلال َػ ه‬َٚ ‫ً َج‬:‫إ (أٔظُ ُش‬ٚ ‫ِذا‬ٌٝ ‫ػج‬
ِّ ٍِّٟ‫ ٍِـ‬١َ‫ضٍَُم‬ َ ٞ‫زا‬

َ ُ‫ ًِ ٍجج‬٠ُ ِّ ‫ صال ِح‬، ٠َٚ


‫فت َسثّهَ ِٓ َسا ِػ‬ٟ ٍُ ‫ٕغ‬
ََٕ َ ٟ‫ش ِظ ِ َسأ‬١‫َِ ٌِ ّ ِخ‬ ‫ؤ ٍُُْْر ثِبٌ ه‬
َ ‫ُ ؼج‬ ‫ط‬
َ َ٠

ٟ‫س‬ٚ‫ا أث‬ٖٛ ‫ دا‬ٚ‫ د‬ٚ‫ٌٕاغبئ‬Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfredeَ ‫اٌ ٕجهخ‬
٠‫ ِِِٕٕ ُ ََْْخ اف‬ِّٟ‫ ّـ‬ٟ ،‫ لَذ َغفَش ُد ٌِ َؼج ِذ‬ٞ َ َٚٚ َ
َ ُُٗ٠ُ ِّ ‫ َصالح‬، َ ‫أد ٍخ ز‬
ُ ‫ ُْؤر‬٠َٚ‫ ِم‬١ُ‫اٌ ه‬

On the authority of ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Amir (May Allah be pleased with him), who said: I heard the

messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say:

Your Lord delights at a shepherd who, on the peak of a mountain crag, gives the call to

prayer and praysFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Then Allah (glorified and exalted be He) say: Look at
this servant of

Mine, he gives the call to prayer and performs the prayers; he is in awe of MeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede I have

forgiven My servant [his sins] and have admitted him to ParadiseFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

It was related by Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i


Lessons:

 The word used in this hadith is ُ َ‫ؼ َجة‬which literary means to be surprised or astonishedFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

However it is impossible for Allah to become surprised or astonished at something as

nothing is hidden from HimFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Therefore the intended meaning here
is that Allah is

delighted and pleased with such personFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede That is because such a
person remembers Allah

and fears Him and hopes for His mercy despite being alone and isolated:

ُِ ٍُ ‫ْغف َش ٌج َوأَجْ ٌش‬


‫َمِث ٌش‬ ِ ٍٍََّّ ٌُ‫ة ىَُه‬
ْ ‫إِ َُّ ٱى َّ ََِ َِِز َ ْخ‬
ِ ٌُ‫َشى َُ َُ َستَُّه‬
ِ ُْ ‫ت ْٲى َغ‬

“Verily those who fear their Lord in secret, theirs will be forgiveness and a great

reward”Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede (Surah al-Mulk: 12)

 Allah calls out to the angels: “Look at this servant of Mine, he gives the call to

prayer and performs the prayers; he is in awe of Me” This again is done out of love

and honour for the person and the implication is that the angels too become pleased with

himFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 Lastly in the hadith there is proof that Allah wipes out bad deeds with good deeds: “I

have forgiven My servant [his sins] and have admitted him to ParadiseFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede
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Hadith Number 5

‫اإلِزحبْ ثبٌّصبئت‬

meTt mhlaC h uhrhTstseT

ٟ ٠‫شح ْأه سع‬ٛ‫ػي هلال ص‬


ِٓ ٗ‫٘شػٓ أث‬ ٌٝ ‫ ِب ٌؼ‬ٞ‫ػذ‬
ٍُ ٠‫م‬ٛ‫جذي هلال رؼب‬
ٍٝ ‫ هلال‬١ٍٗ ٚ‫ع لبي‬ ٕ ‫ اٌّ ٓ ِؤ‬ٞ‫ جضاء إرا لجضذ صف‬١‫ه‬
ٞ‫ س‬ٚ‫ا اٌجخبس‬Fernand
ٖ Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede ‫ ً٘٘أً اٌذ‬١ُّٔ‫احزغج إال اٌ ٕجهخ‬
ٗ ُ‫ب ث ه‬

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah

(peace be upon him)said: "Allah, the Exalted, says: “I have no reward except Jannah

for a believing slave of Mine who shows patience andanticipates My reward when I take

away his favourite one from the inhabitants of the worldFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede''

(Recorded by Bukari, Book of Riqaq - Sixth Chapter, Hadith Number 6424)

Fiqh al Hadith (Notes on the Hadith):

Firstly:

This hadith reminds us of a divine test which we may encounter in this world: The test of

Allah through misfortunes or calamitiesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 Misfortunes and calamities are from the sunan of Allah:

َٓ‫ث ِش‬
ِ ‫صب‬٠
‫ش ِش ٱٌ ه‬
َٛ ِ ‫فَ ا‬
ِّ َ‫يَِ ََِ َص َِٓ َِِّٓ ٱأل‬ َٚ َٔ‫ِ ُٱأل‬ َٚ
‫ثَ د‬
ِ ‫جَ ف‬َٚ ُ ْ‫ِ ٌْٱ‬ ‫اَ ظ‬َٚ ‫ٱٌثه َّ َش‬
ٍ َََٟٔٔ‫ ٍء ََِِِّٓٓ ٌْٱْ َخْـ‬ْٛ ْٛ ِ ٛ‫مَ ع‬َٚ
ْ َٔ‫ج‬َٚ ْ ٌٌٍٍَََُٕ ٍَُٕ َ‫ش‬
َٛ ِ‫ه ُى ُْْ ٍُ ث‬

“Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives

or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere”(2:155)

Secondly:

 The purpose of misfortune and calamity is not necessarily for revenge, punishment or

humiliation:

ََٚ َ ‫َ ٍَأَ ِهآ إِ َرا َِب ٱ ْث َزا ُٖ ٍَُٖل فَ َم َذ َس‬١ْ‫ ِٗ ِس ْص ُٗ ٍَُٗل ف‬١َ‫ثٍَُم‬َُٛ ‫ۤ ِّ ُي َس‬ٟ‫َ٘أََ٘ب‬
ِٓ َٔ ‫ػ‬

But when He tries him, restricting his subsistence for him, then he says(in despair), "My

Lord has humiliated me!" (Fajr:16)

 Calamities and misfortunes are often test from AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede There are
many wisdom in such

test, in fact there are wisdom in everything Allah doesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

The following are some of the wisdoms which thescholars have mentioned:

1Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Establishment of Allah‟s proof: Allah does not reprehend a people
unless they, out

of their own will and deed, deny the proofs of Allah after it has been made clear to

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themFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This is also a proof of Allah‟s justice that He does not punish
a people without

giving them the opportunity to choose the right pathFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

2Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Thorough examination (tamhis):Difficulties unveil the true nature of
people by

sievingout the good from the bad, the righteous from thewicked and the believer

from the hypocriteFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Suchthorough examinations are of great benefit
for theMuslim

community Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede For example the defeat of theMuslims in battle of
Uhud was not entirely

a bad thingas it revealed the true believers from the hypocritesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

3Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Cancellation of Sins (Takfir al-Dhunub): Allah may decide to a
punish a person for

his sin in this world rather than in the hereafterFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede There is no doubt
that the punishment

of this world despite its magnitude is nothing compared to the punishment of the

hereafter:

ْٛ ‫ٔاٍُ َو‬ُٛ ْ ٠‫ؼ‬


َُّْٛ ٍََ ْ‫بْ ٌََ اة االٌّ ِخ َش ِح أَ ْو َج ُش‬
ُ ٌَ َ‫َز‬َٚ َ ‫ؼ‬

“But truly, the punishment of the Hereafter is greater if they but knew” (Al-Qalam:33)

4Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Elevation of ranks (Raf‟ al-Darajat): This is from the apparent
meaning of the
hadithFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede If a believer after being afflicted by a misfortune or hardship
patiently

perseveres his sins are forgiven and he is raised up in ranksFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

In a Hadith Qudsi the Prophet said that Allah said:

ِٕٙH ‫ب اٌ ٕج‬
ّ‫إرا اث‬١ٍ‫ذ ػجذ‬ٞ‫ ثحج‬١‫جز‬١‫ٗ فصجش ػ‬ٛ‫خ ٗض‬

“When I affect my slave in his two dear things(iFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeeFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede, his eyes), and he endures patiently,

heshall be Compensated with Paradise”Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede (Bukhari)

5Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Admonition for the negligent and a warning :

ٍ َ ٌَ ‫ ض هشآ ِء‬ٍُٙ ُٙ ُْ ٠‫ز‬


َ َ‫ؼه‬
َٰٝ ُ ََٰٔ ٰ ُٙ ٌْ ُْ
ََُْٛ‫ْج َه فَ َؤ َخ ْ ٰزََ ٌَِ ٍَٕٕ َعآ إ‬ ٍِ ‫َ ْ ٍُْ ثِٱْ َجؤٍُ َٔ أ َِ ٍُ ِِّٓ َل‬ ‫ض هشػ‬
َٚ ْ َ‫َ ٌَ َم ْذ أ‬
َ‫س‬ ‫هَ عآ ِء‬َٚ ٌ‫ٱ‬

“Before you We sent (messengers) to many nations,and We afflicted the nations with

suffering andadversity, that they might learn humility” (An‟am:42)

6Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Destruction which serves as a punishment for those that were
warned but did not

heed the warning and persisted upon committing sins:


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Allah says:

ُْ ِٙٙ ِ‫زٍُ ٰ َََٰٕٕ فَ َؤ ٍَ٘ ٍَْْ٘ ْى‬ُٙ ُ ‫ث‬ ُٔٛ


ِ ٍُ ُْْ ٍُ‫ث‬

“Fernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam


SilfredeFor their sins We destroyed themFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (An’am:6)

7Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede A reminder of Allah‟s favours upon mankind:That is because
man who has been

created with the faculty of sight, for example, often forgets the fortune of being able

to seeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede If Allah was to temporarily take away his sight he would
then realise the value

of this fortuneFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

8Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Lessen people‟s attachment to the Dunya: If the dunya was free
of any hardship

and misfortune then people would have even been more attached to it

9Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Strengthening the personality of the believer (Saql Shakhsiya al-
Mu‟min):

Through hardship and difficulties Allah makes firm the hearts of the believersFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede

10Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Sometimes a hardship can be a blessing in disguise:

َٰٝ
ُ َ‫ ْأَ ُر ِح ُّ ٰج‬ٛ‫َ ْا‬
ُْ ‫غ‬ ‫ ُٱَّلل‬٠‫زَ ُُ ٍَََ ْؼ‬َٚ َْٔ‫أ‬
َٰٰٝ
‫شَ غ‬ َ ‫٘اٍُ ْأَ َر ْى‬ُٛ ْ َ َٛ ُ ‫ َه ُْ ش ٌَّش ٌه‬َٚ
‫ ش‬١ْ‫ ً ئب‬َٚ َٚ ٍُ ُ٘٘ َ‫ى‬
َ َ‫ ُى ُُ ٱ‬َٚ َٚ ٍُ٘ ُ٘ َ‫ى‬ ٌٖ ‫ػ ُْ ُو‬
َٛ ُ ‫ْٖش ٌه‬ َ َٚ َ َ ‫ ش‬١ْ‫ َ ً ئب‬َٚٚ ٍُ٘ ُ٘ َ‫خ‬َٛ َ ١ْ‫ػَ ُْ ٌش ٌه ُى‬
َٚ
ِ ٍَُ َ١ْ‫ٌْ ِمزَب ُي‬
‫وز َت َػ‬
َ َ
َُّْٛ ٍَ‫ال ر ْؼ‬

“Fighting is prescribed for you, though youdislike itFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede But it is possible
that you dislike a

thingwhich is good for you, and that you love a thingwhich is bad for youFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede But Allah

knows, and youknow not”Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede (Baqarah:216)

Thirdly:

Abundant trials and tribulations in this world is not the sign of one‟s disbelief or Allah‟s

displeasure upon himFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

“Fernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu


ٍٝ ‫ هلال‬١ٍٗ ٚ‫ٍُع‬:ُ‫ أ‬ٞ‫ ٌٕابط أشذ ثالء؟ لبي‬:‫ األٔج‬١‫ث فبألِث‬
Ngassam SilfredeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfredeً ‫ػي هلال‬ ُ ‫بء‬
ً ِ‫ث األ‬
‫”ع ًئ سع‬ٛ‫ص‬

Fourthly:

A believer can turn a misfortune into a good fortune:

ْ ْ‫عشاء شىش ؛ فىب‬١‫ٗ ًشا‬،ٌٗ ٚ‫إ‬


‫خ‬
ّ ٗٗ ‫ش ٗ ٍو ٗ ٌ خ‬
ٖ ِ‫ػججب ألِش اٌّ ٓ ِؤ ْإ أ‬١‫ ش‬، ١ٌٚ‫ظ ران ألحذ إال ٌ ٓ ٍِّؤ ؛ ْإ أصبثز‬
ٍُ‫ س‬ٚ‫ا ِغ‬Fernand
ٖ Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede ٌٗ ً‫أصبثز ض ّشاء صجش ؛ فىبْ خ‬
ٗ ١‫شا‬

"How amazing is the affair of the believerFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeEverything is good for him -
and that is for

noone but the believer: If he is afflicted by any good,he is thankful and that is good for

him, and if he isafflicted by any hardship, he is patient and that isgood for himFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede“ (Muslim)
Fifthly:

Success in this test depends on a person‟s Sabr (Patience) Rida (Contentment) and Shukr

(Gratitude): People who are tried by Allah have four states:

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 Impatient: They are the ones who struggle to overcome difficult situations through

unlawful meansFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 Patient: They are the ones who seek to avert difficulties through lawful meansFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede Sabr

is three types:

1Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Patience in trying carry out the commandments of AllahFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

2Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Patience in trying to avoid sins as the self is very often inclined
towards sinsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

3Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Patience in times of trials and tribulationsFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

 The third state is, to be content with Allah‟s DecreeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede This a higher
station then SabrFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

This when a person becomes content and does not exert himself to get rid of the

misfortuneFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede However this should not be the state of the believer in
every situationFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Some situation requires us to work hard to change it or else we will be sinfulFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede We

cannot be content with evilFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 The fourth stage is higher than both Rida and Sabr: It is to show gratitude despite the

difficultiesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Khansa expressed gratitude after her four sons became
shahid in the battle

of QadisyaFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

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Hadith Number 6

ً ‫عجإٔفبق ف‬
ٟ ١‫هلال‬

Spending in Charity

َ ‫َّ اََّل‬ ََّ


‫س َ َقال‬
َ َ ِ ََّّ‫َّ َ َسل‬ ‫لال ُ َ َع ْي‬
َ َََِِّّ‫َرض َي‬
ِ ‫َّ الز َنا ِد ع َْن ْْا َل ْع َرج ع َْن أَ ِبي ه َُر ْي َر َة‬ ‫لال‬
ُ ََّّ ُ ‫َعن أَ ِبي ٌ ِ َح َّد َث َنا إِ ْس َما ِعيل‬
ْ ‫ِّ ك‬ ‫لال ُ َع ْن ُهأ َ َّن َر‬
‫َقال َ َح َّد َثنِي َمال‬-

َّ َ َ‫قال‬
َّّ ‫لال ُ أَ ْنفِ ْق َيا ا ْبنَ آ َد َ أ ُ ْنفِ ْق َ َع‬
‫ْي َك‬

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and

blessings of Allah be upon him), who said:

“Allah (mighty and sublime be He) said: ‘Spend (on charity), O son of Adam, and I shall spend on

youFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede’” (It was related by al-Bukhari)

The first part of the Hadith is a command to spend and the second part is the result of that

command which is that Allah subhan wa ta’ala will spend on you – in other words He will replace and

repay whatever you spend for His sakeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
As Allah subhana wa ta’ala says

َ‫َ ْشا ُء ِم ْن ِع َبا ِد ِه َ َي ْق ِد ُر َل ُ َ َما أَ ْن َف ْق ُت ْ ِمن‬ ‫الر ِازقِين‬


َّ ‫ش ْي ٍء َف ُه َ ُي َِْخفُ ُ َه َََُُ َخ ْي ُر‬
‫ِّ س ُط‬
َ ُ ‫ق لِ َم ْن َي‬
َ ‫الر ْز‬
‫قُلْ إِ َّن َر ِّبي َي ْب‬Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Say, "Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for

himFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] - He will compensate
it; and He is the best of

providersFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede" (34:39)

And Allah subhana wa ta’ala says

24 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows

seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grainsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And Allah multiplies [His
reward] for whom He willsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

And Allah is all-Encompassing and KnowingFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede (2:261)

Those who spend their wealth [in Allah 's way] by night and by day, secretly and publicly - they will

have their reward with their LordFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And no fear will there be concerning
them, nor will they grieveFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

(2:274)

Allah will destroy Riba (usury) and will give increase for Sadaqat (deeds of charity, alms, etcFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede) And

Allah likes not the disbelievers, sinnersFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Hadith

Abu Hurairah (rFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeaFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede) narrated that the
Prophet (sFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeaFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredewFernand Feukeu
Ngassam SilfredesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede) said, “Every day two angels come down from

Heaven and one of them says, ‘O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in Your cause’, and

the other (angel) says, ‘O Allah! Destroy every miserFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede’” (Bukhari,
VolFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede 2, Hadith 522)
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Lessons from Hadith Qudsi

 Importance of charity in Islam

 Sadaqa comes from the root word of sdq which means to be truthful – so spending in charity

is a sign of your being true to your imanFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 Everything that you spend in charity Allah will replace it

 Allah subhan wa ta’ala is in total control of everyone’s sustenance – nobody can earn or lose

any wealth without Allah’s permissionFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

 The reward of charity is mulitiplied manifold

 The Angels make dua for those who spend in charity

 The Angels curse those who are misery / stingy

 Fear and Grief is removed from those who spend in charity

 Reflect on our context in the West where we are all relatively wealthy – how much charity

do we give?

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27 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
‫‪Hadith Number 7‬‬

‫فضل َحق الذكر‬

‫‪The Excellence of Gatherings in which Allah is remembered‬‬

‫صلَّى هلال َع ٌل ِه َو َسلَّم َقا ‪:‬‬


‫َل‬
‫ًََِِ َ‬
‫ن ال َّنب‬

‫ُهر ٌ َر ة ع ِ‬
‫عَن أِبً ًِ َ‬

‫ُّ َ ‪،‬‬ ‫ِّ‬ ‫َ َّ َ فإذا َو َج ُدوا قوما ً ٌَذ ُك ُرون‪،‬كر‬ ‫هلُّ ٌّموا إلى َح ا َج تِكم‪:‬هلال َع َّز َو َج َّل َتنادوا‬
‫الئ َكة‬‫إن ِ ََّّّ لِ ِل َتعالى َم ِ‬
‫ُ ٌ َّ‬ ‫ًَطوفُونَ ف‬
‫الطرُق ٌَلت ِم ُسونَ أه َل الذ ِ‬
‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫َنك‪ َ،‬قولونَ ُ ٌُ َس ِّبحُو َنك‪َ :‬م ٌَاَ قو ُل ِعبَا ِدي؟ َقال‪ :‬فٌَسألهم ربهم َوهُو أعل ُم‪،‬حفّو َنهٌم ِبأجنِ َح ت ِهم إلى ال َّس َماء ال ُدنٌاِ‬
‫ٌَ‬ ‫وٌ َح َم ُدو َنك‪ ،‬وُ ٌُ َك ِّبرُو‬
‫َ‬
‫فَ ٌَ ِ‬
‫َّ ك ِعبا َد ًة َوأ َش َّدَ َ ل‬
‫َ د‬
‫ُ ش أ وا‬
‫ن اكَ ك أو َو‬

‫َ‪ ٌ :‬ونَ ر ل ُ ل و ُ ق َ َ‬

‫ل اقَ أونً ؟َ ٌَفَ روَ ل‬ ‫َ ‬

‫ُ‪ :‬ك‬

‫ٌ ل ُو ق‬
‫ََ‬
‫ف‬ ‫َ‪،‬‬
‫أو َر َا‬ ‫ك‬

‫‪ :‬م هلالو َ ال‬ ‫ُ ‬

‫َ ونلو ُ قٌ َ‬
‫ف‬
‫َر َل ه ‪:‬ول ُ قٌَ‬ ‫َ أونً ؟‬

‫َ ف ‪،‬ك‬

‫ُ ن و‬

‫د ِّج ََََُُوٌم‬
‫َ ِِِّّّ‬ ‫َلَ قُولُون‪َ ُ:‬فَ ٌَقُول‪ً،‬سبٌحا‬
‫الج َّنة‪َ َ :‬فماذا ٌَسألُونَ ؟ َقا ٌَ‬
‫ال َوهلال ٌَا ر‪ٌَ َ:‬قُولُون‪َ :‬و َهل َر أوهَا؟ َقال‪ٌَ َ:‬قُول‪َ َ:‬قال‪ٌَ ،‬سألُو َنك َ‬
‫ً‬
‫ِ ك َت َ َجٌدا ِوأك َثر ل ِ ك ت َم َ َل‬
‫ً َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ ً‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َ‬

‫لو أنهُم َر أوهَا كانوا أش َّد َعلٌها ِحرصا َوأش َّد لهَا طلبا َوأعظم ِفٌِها َر غبَة‪ ٌَََ :‬قولون‪ َ:‬ف ٌكفَ ‪Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede‬قال َ‪:‬‬
‫ُ َما َر أوهَاُ‪Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede‬لو َر أوهَا؟ قال‪ٌَ َ:‬قول‪ :‬قال‬ ‫َ ‬ ‫َ ‬ ‫َ َ ‬ ‫ُ ‬ ‫َ ‬

‫َ‬ ‫ال َما َر أوها‪ ٌَََ :‬قُولُون‪َ َ:‬وهَل َر أوها؟ َقال‪ٌَ ُ:‬‬
‫َفَ قُول‪َ َ:‬قال‪،‬وذونَ ِمن ال َّنار‬ ‫ف َ ٌكفَ لَو َر أوها؟‪َ :‬فٌَقول‪َ ،‬‬
‫ال َو هل ِ‬
‫ُ َف ِم ٌَ‬
‫َّمَ َت َع‬ ‫ُ ٌ َت َع‪َ َ :‬وذونَ ؟ َقا َلَ ٌَقُولُون‬

‫‪Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede‬قُو ُل َمل‪َ َ:‬قالٌََ ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫رت لَهُم ُ شه ُد ُكم أنً َقد َغ َف‬
‫َ لَو َر أوها َكا ُنوا أ َش َّد ِمنها فِراراً َوأ َش َّد لَها‪ٌَ ََ :‬قُولُون‪َ:‬قال‬ ‫ً‬

‫ِ فأ‪َ :‬فٌقُول‪َ َ:‬قال‪،‬مخافة‪:‬‬ ‫ك ِمنَ ال َم الئكة‬

‫ال ٌَشقى بِهم َج ِلٌِسُهم – متفق علٌه‪َ َ:‬قالِ‪ٌِ،‬هم فُالن َلٌَ َ‬


‫س ِمنهُم إن َما َج‬ ‫هُم ال ُجلَ َساء َ‬
‫اء لِ َح ا َج ة‬
‫َ‬
‫فِ‬
On the authority of Abu Harayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (Allah's peace

ad blessings be upon him), who said:

Allah, the Exalted, has teams of angels who go about on the roads seeking those who remember

AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede When they find some people remembering Allah they call to one
another and say, `Come to

what you are looking for;' and they surround them with their wings till the space between them

and the lowest sky is fully coveredFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, asks
them (although He is best

informed about every thing): `What are my slave saying?' They say: `They are glorifying Your

(Tasbih), praising You (Tahmid), exalting You (Takbir), extolling You (Tamjid),' He asks: `Have they

seen Me?' They reply, `No, indeed, they have not seen YouFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' He asks:
`How would they act if they

were to see Me?' Thereupon they reply: `If they were to see You, they would engage more

earnestly in worshipping and glorifying You and would extol You moreFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede'
He would say: `What do

they beg of Me?' They say, `They beg You for Your JannahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' Allah says,
`Have they seen My

Jannah?' They say, `No, our LordFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' He says: `How would they act if they
were to see My Jannah?'

They reply, `Were they to see it, they would more intensely eager for itFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede' They (the angels) say,

`They seek Your ProtectionFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' He asks, `Against what do they seek My
Protection?' They (the angels)

say, `Our Lord, from the fire of HellFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' (He, Allah) says, `Have they seen
the fire of Hell?' They say,

`NoFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede By Your Honour, they have not seen itFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede' He says: `How would they act if they were to see My
Fire?' They say: `If they were to see it, they would more earnest in being away from it and fearing

28 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
itFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede They beg of Your forgivenessFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' He
says: `I call you to witness that I hereby grant pardon to them

and confer upon them what they ask for; and grant them protection against what they seek

protection fromFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' One of the angels says: “Our Lord, there is amongst
them such and such slave

who does not belong to the assembly of those who are participating in Your remembranceFernand
Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He

passed by them and sat down with themFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede' He says: `I also grant him
pardon because they are the

people by virtue of whom their associates will not be unfortunate'Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede”

It was related by Al-Bukhari (also by Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, and An-Nasa'i)Fernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede

Benefits of this Hadith:

This hadith explains and highlights the virtues of Allah‟s remembrance (Dhikr) and the status

of those who remember Him cnstantlyFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede The remembrance of Allah
incorporates all acts of

servitude and devotion such as Salah, recitation of the Qur‟an, supplication, seeking of

knowledge etcFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Lessons:

 Dhikr is not merely restricted to invocations and supplications rather all acts of

devotion done for the sake of Allah is part of His remembranceFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede
Sa'id ibn Jubayr said:

ٍُُِِ‫ػاِ ٍِو ِ َّ َّل ِل تِطَا َػ ٍح فَه َُى َرا ِم ٌش َِ َّّلل‬


َ ُّ‫مو‬

“Anyone engaged in obeying Allah is in fact engaged in the remembrance of

AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede"

Likewise Imam al-Qurtubi said that:

ِ ‫اىِر َُز َمش ِفٍُُِها َما ًل هلال و ُ ّّْْعح َسع‬


،ٍُُِِ‫ُش‬،‫ُىى ِه‬ َ ‫ َو ٍه‬،‫ِ َوأخثَاس اىغ‬
ٍِ ‫اى َجاىِظ‬ ‫اىصاى ِح‬
‫ٍ مش َ ـٍْ ٍََ ٍـ‬
َ ََّّ‫ْؼِجيظ ِػيٍ ٌٍ َوذز ِم‬ ‫يف‬
ٍ ٍ‫ج ِىظُ ِر‬
َ
َْ ُّْ
‫ْصُّ غ َواىثِذع َواى ََُْ َُ َضهَّح‬
َ َّ ‫َِ راى‬
‫ٍُِِّ ػ اىَثشأج‬
‫ُ ذ َ قُ رَاى ادَّ ه‬
َ‫ض اى َحِ ئاأل ًمالو‬

َ ِ َ ِ ‫اىشدَح واىطَّ َغ‬


‫ػاى َق‬
َ ‫اصذ‬

“Gatherings of dhikr are the gatherings for knowledge and admonition, those in

which the Word of Allah and the sunnah of His Messenger, accounts of our

righteous predecessors, and sayings of the righteous scholars are learned and

practised without any addition or innovation, and without any ulterior motives

or greedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Cited in Fiqh as-Sunnah ArFernand Feukeu


Ngassam Silfrede volFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede2, pFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede70)
 The purpose of Dhikr is the purification of the self, cleansing of the hearts and

awakening of the consciousFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede That is why the scholars say that
unlike the different acts

of obligatory worship Allah did not place any numbers or limits to Dhikr:

29 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
ِ ‫ٱأل ْىثَا‬
َ ‫ِى‬ٍ ْ‫خ ألُو‬
‫ِ ْخ َوٱألَس‬ ‫ى ِو َوٱ َّْْىَٓه‬
َُّ ‫ٍ اس َِ ََِا ِ َف ٱ‬ ‫ب‬
ْ ‫ض َو‬
ًٰ ٍُ َ َّ‫ِ ق ٱى َّغ ٰ َ ٰ َى ِ ٱ‬
ٍِ َُّ ِ‫لل ُِقََُِاٍا ً َوقُ ُؼىداً َو َػ َي ًٰ إ‬
ِ َ‫ِف َخ ْي‬ ‫ٱخرال‬
ِ
َّ َُ‫ى ََِ َِِز َ ْز ُم ُشو‬
َّ ‫ٱ‬
‫َّ اس‬
ِ ْ‫َ اب اى‬ َ
َ ‫ل ف َِْْقَِا َػز‬ ً ْ َ
َ ََّّ‫َ ض َس َْتََّْآَ ٍَا َخ يق َد هَزا تَا ِطال ُعث َْحا‬
ِ ْ‫خ َوٱألس‬ ٰ ٰ
ِ ‫ْ ق ٱى َّغ َ َى‬ َّ َ

ٍِ ‫ت ٌِْهْ ََو َرفن ُش ََُُو‬


ِ ُ‫ِف َخي‬ ِ ‫ُ جْ ى‬

“Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of

night and day, there are signs for the people of wisdom,who remember Allah

standing and sitting, and (lying) on their sides, and ponder on the creation of the

heavens and the earth (and say) “Our Lord, You have not created all this in vainFernand Feukeu
Ngassam Silfrede

We proclaim Your purityFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede So, save us from the punishment of
FireFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Aal-Imran:

190-191)

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31 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
Hadith Number 8

‫ػبي اٌصبٌحخ‬
ّ ‫ أ‬ٚ‫ اٌغ‬١‫ئخ‬

Good and Bad Deeds

ٓ ٓ‫ػ‬ٟ‫ هلال ػ‬ٕٙH‫ ّب‬،‫ ػٓ سع‬ٛ‫ػي هلال ص‬


‫اث ػجبط سض‬ ٍٝ ‫ هلال‬١ٍٗ ‫ف‬ ٍُ ١‫ ّب‬٠‫ش‬٠ٚ‫سث رجبسن‬
ٚ ‫ع‬ ٌٝ :‫ْإ هلال‬
ٗ ٓ‫ ٗ ػ‬ٚ‫لبيرؼب‬

ٕ ٌ‫ وزت ا‬ٚ‫اٌغ‬١‫ث ث‬
‫حغبد‬ ُ ‫ئبد‬١ّ ّٓٓ :‫ثحغخ ف‬ ّٓ ٍُُ ٠‫جٍّؼ‬ٍّٙ ‫ب وز‬ٙ‫حغخ وِبٍِخ‬
ٕ ُّ ٘ ‫ف‬ ٕ ‫ػذ‬ ٙ ‫جٍّب ف‬ٍّٙ ‫ب وز‬ٙ‫ب هلال‬
ٖ ٕ ‫ ب هلال‬، ٚ‫ؼإْ ٘ ُّ ث‬
ٖ ٕ ‫ف‬ٌٝ ‫ عج ّؼئخ ضؼ‬، ‫غ‬ٚ ‫ ْإ ٘ ُّ ث‬١‫ُ ٍُئخ ف‬٠‫جٍّؼ‬ٍّٙ ‫ب وز‬ٙ‫حغخ وِبٍِخ‬
ٕ ‫ػذ ػشش‬
‫حغبد إ‬ ٕ ‫ػذ‬ ٙ ‫جٍّب ف‬ٍّٙ ‫ب وز‬ٙ‫ب‬
ٖ ٕ ‫ ب هلال‬، ٚ‫ؼإْ ٘ ُّ ث‬
‫هلال ع‬١‫ ئخ‬ٚ‫احذح‬

On the Authority of Ibn Abbas (R) that the prophet (pbuh) said, “Allah has written down the

good deeds and the bad onesFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Then He explained it [by saying that] he
who has intended a

good deed and has not done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if

he has intended it and has done it, Allah writes it down with Himself from ten good deeds to

seven hundred times, or many times overFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede But if he has intended a bad
deed and has not

done it, Allah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he has intended it and

has done it, Allah writes it down as one bad deedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Bukhari)

So, one intended good deed not acted out equals one good deedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

One intended good deed acted out equals ten to seven hundred times or many times

overFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

One intended bad deed not done equals one good deedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
One intended bad deed acted out equals one bad deedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

Over and over in the Qur‟an the believers are mentioned with acts of good

deeds/righteous behaviourFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede How do we know what kind of fruit tree is
before us? By the

fruit it bears, sweet, tasteless, bitter, or sour and so are our deeds according to our

intentionsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede May we choose the sweet deed with the pure intention and
may Allah Most High

forgive us for our tasteless, bitter and sour deeds

Our personal autobiography has been caught on film from puberty till this day with our

intentions and thoughts displayed on the screenFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede Allah Most High tells
us, “And We have

already created man and know what his soul whispers to him and We are closer to him than

[his] jugular vein when the two receivers [iFernand Feukeu Ngassam SilfredeeFernand Feukeu Ngassam
Silfrede recording angels]receive [record each word and

deed] seated on the right and on the leftFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede He does not utter any word
except that with him is

an observer prepared [to record]Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede (Qur‟an 50:16-18) “And indeed,
[appointed] over you are

keepers (angels who preserve the deeds of men in records) noble and recording, they know

whatever you doFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Qur‟an 82:10-12)

In the court of Allah Most High we will not only receive our book with our deeds

present but our body organs will testify against us on that dayFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede “On a
Day when their

tongues, their hands and their feet will bear witness against them as to what they used

to doFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Qur‟an 24:24) “Until, when they reach it (Hell-Fire) their
hearing and their

32 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E
eyes and their skins will testify against them of what they used to doFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede
And they will say

to their skins, „Why have you testified against us?” They will say, “We were made to

speak by Allah who has made everything speak; and He created you the first time and

to Him you are returnedFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And you were not covering [iFernand Feukeu
Ngassam SilfredeeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede protecting] yourselves, lest

your hearing testify against you or your sight or your skins, but you assumed that Allah

does not know much of what you doFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede And that was your assumption
which you

assumed about your LordFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede It has brought you to ruin, and you have
become among the

losersFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Qur‟an 41:20-23)

What about the disbelievers, idolaters and the hypocrites? “Say, “Shall we inform you of

the greatest losers as to [their] deeds?” [They are] those whose effort is lost in worldly life,

while they think that they are doing well in workFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” Those are the ones
who disbelieve in the

verses of their Lord and in [their] meeting Him, so their deeds have become worthless; and

We will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection any weight [iFernand Feukeu Ngassam
SilfredeeFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede importance]Fernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede ( Qur‟an

18:103-105) “For those [polytheists], their deeds have become worthless, and in the Fire they

will abide eternallyFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Qur‟an 9:17) “And Allah has promised the
hypocrite men and women

and the disbelievers the fire of Hell, wherein they will abide eternallyFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede”
(Qur‟an 9:68)

The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Save yourselves from the fire of Hell even if it be by giving

away a bit of a date or by uttering a good wordFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Bukhari)

The Prophet (pbuh) said to „Aishah, “O „Aishah, abstain from the sins which are looked

upon as trivial, for they too will be enquired about by AllahFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Ahmad)
Also another saying,
“Beware of minor sins, for they will gather together on man so much so that they will kill

himFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede” (Ahmad)

END

NB: The Meadows Team may organise Hadith Qudsi Course Part 2 to cover 8 more Sacred
HadithsFernand Feukeu Ngassam Silfrede

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East London Mosque & London Muslim Centre

46-92 Whitechapel Road London E1 1JX

Tel: +44 (0) 20 7650 3000 | +44 (0) 20 7650 3000

Contact:

Islamic Forum of Europe

3rd Floor,

West Wing, London Muslim Centre,

38 - 44 Whitechapel Road,

London E1 1JX

Tel: 020 7456 1062 | 020 7456 1062

Fax: 020 7456 1063

35 | M e a d o w s o f P a r a d i s e : T a f s e e r o f S a c r e d H a d i t h – E L M / I F E