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Repair Manual

for
WKM
Model M Gate Valve

RP971837

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 21
Table of Contents
Bill of Materials ....................................................................................................... 1
Stage 1 — Disassemble the Valve ................................................................. 2
Recommended Tools ....................................................................................................................... 2
Isolate the Valve from Pressure ....................................................................................................... 2
Venting Trapped Pressure ............................................................................................................... 2
Removing the Bonnet and Gate Assemblies ................................................................................... 2
Removing Internal and external Body Components ......................................................................... 3
Disassasemble the Bonnet .............................................................................................................. 4
Stage 2 — Clean and Inspect All Components ............................................. 5
Stage 3 — Reassemble the Valve .................................................................. 7
Recommended Tools ....................................................................................................................... 7
Install the New Seats ....................................................................................................................... 7
Install the Gate Guides .................................................................................................................... 8
Install the Gate Assembly ................................................................................................................ 9
Reassemble the Bonnet ................................................................................................................. 10
Install the Bonnet Assembly ........................................................................................................... 12
Stage 4 — Drift the Valve .............................................................................. 14
Stage 5 — Test the Valve .............................................................................. 15
Hydrostatic Body Teat .................................................................................................................... 15
Hydrostatic Seat Test ..................................................................................................................... 15
Stage 6 — Grease the Valve ......................................................................... 16
Lubricant Selection Chart .......................................................... 17
Amount of Lubricant Required .................................................. 17

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 19
Bill of Materials

Handwheel Nut

Handwheel

Bearing Retainer
Locknut
Bearing Retainer

Bearing

Stem

Bearing

Bearing Sleeve

Packing Retainer

Packing Set

Bearing Grease
Fitting
Plastic Injection
Bonnet Nut
Fitting

Bonnet

Seat

Gate Guide

Gate Assembly
Bonnet Seal Bonnet Stud
Ring
Body

Body Lubrication
Fittings

RP971899

This manual details repair procedures for repair of the valve by replacement of components. To perform these repairs the valve
must not be under pressure and any pressure trapped within the valve body cavity must be released. For the purpose of this
manual, the valve will be treated as if it has been removed from the line and is out of service.

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 1
Disassemble the Valve
Recommended Tools
• Hammer Wrench
• 7/8" Wrench
• Slip Type Seat Removal Tool/ Drive Bar
• Bearing Retainer Removal/Installation Tool
• Rubber Mallet
• Sledge Hammer
• Pry Bar
Packing Fitting
Always ensure the equipment to be repaired is isolated from
all pressure. Also that any trapped pressure has been bled off
prior to disassembling.
Isolate the Valve from pressure Bonnet

1. Close off downstream equipment and bleed off all pres-


sure through upstream equipment.
2. Close off upstream equipment and monitor open needle
valve or pressure gauge to ensure valve has been isolated Gate Segment
(Pressure Side)
from pressure.
Venting Trapped Pressure
3. Once the valve has been isolated from all pressure or
removed from line, cycle the valve at least one time to Bonnet Seal Ring

release any trapped pressure inside the valve body. Gate Guide Seat
4. In the event the valve will not operate use a bleeder tool
and attach it to one of the two body grease fittings.
5. Carefully vent the pressure by turning the T handle on the
bleeder tool to the right until it offsets the ball check. Direction
Removing the Bonnet and Gate of Flow
(Pressure
Assemblies Side)

6. Once all pressure has been vented from the valve body
and the valve has been either isolated from pressure or
removed from the line, remove the Packing Injection
Fitting using a 7/8" wrench. RP971840

7. Remove the nuts from the bonnet bolts using an appropri-


ately sized hammer wrench.
8. Remove both the bonnet and gate assemblies from the
valve body and set aside.

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 2 Gate Valves
Disassemble the Valve
Removing Internal and Extracting A Seat
External Body Components Drive Bar

9. Remove both Body Lubrication Slips


Fittings.
10. Remove the Bonnet Seal Ring tak-
ing care not to damage the gasket
seal area in the valve body.
11. Remove the gate guides from the
seats by first dislodging the ring
from the top of the seat and then by
unhooking the gate guide from un-
der the bottom of the seat. Remove
the gate guides from the valve body.
NOTE: In step 11 it may be beneficial to
turn the valve up on one outlet and
then the other to remove the seats.
12. With one hand insert the seat re-
moval slips into the top outlet, big
end first. RP971839
13. Insert the other hand into the valve
body cavity and position it directly 16. Insert a bar into the exposed outlet 18. Remove the old seat and seat re-
below the outlet. and land it between the two slip moval tool from the body cavity and
halves, remove the free hand from inspect the tool for damage.
14. Drop the Seat removal slips into the
the valve body cavity. 19. Flip the valve body over onto the
outlet and catch them with the free
hand 17. Using a sledge hammer firmly strike other outlet and repeat steps 10
the bar thus driving the seat out of through 16 on the opposite seat.
15. Adjust the slips so that they will bite
the pocket. NOTE: Seats will not always knock out
thwe bore of the seat and will not
bite the bore of the valve. Improper on the first try and the process of
positioning may result in severe WARNING: Do not strike the flange face removing the seats may need to be
damage to the seat pocket. as this may cause damage to the repeated a few times.
ring groove.

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 3
Disassemble the Valve
Disassemble the Bonnet
20. Remove the gate assembly from
the stem using right hand rotation.
21. Remove the Handwheel. Handwheel
Nut
22. Using the Bearing Removal/Instal-
lation Tool, remove the bearing
retainer locknut and bearing retainer
with left hand rotation.
23. Remove the stem from the bonnet Handwheel
by pulling it straight out of the top of
Bearing Retainer
the bonnet. Locknut
NOTE: In most cases when the stem is
removed both of the bearings, bear- Bearing Retainer
ing sleeve, packing retainer and top
three pieces of packing will remain Bearing Sleeve

attached and come out with it.


Bonnet Assembly
24. Remove all internal components of Upper Bearing
the bonnet including two bearings,
bearing spacer, packing retainer,
one set of chevron packing, and Bearing Flange
teflon impregnated plastic packing.
25. Remove the bearing grease fitting
with right hand rotation.
Stem
Bulk Packing
Bearing Retainer/ Separates Upper
Removal Tool and Lower
Packing Rings

1-1/4" Hex Lower Bearing

Packing Retainer

Open lips of
Bonnet Packing Rings Upper Packing
Seal Area Face Pressure Rings

Lower Packing
Stem Recess Rings

Bearing Grease Fitting

Bonnet

RP971844

RP971842

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 4 Gate Valves
Clean and Inspect
The inspection process is criticle in determining the repairabil-
ity of the valve before any replacement parts are installed.It is
also important in determining wether the valve body and
bonnet are capable of withstanding test pressures. In deter-
mining these factors always use the guidelines set forth by the
Cameron quality department.
Handwheel
1. Thoroughly clean the entire valve body, bonnet and all Nut Threads
internal components, removing any grease or other de-
bris from all pieces
2. Hand clean the seat pockets of the valve body and
packing box of the bonnet using a degreaser or other
approved cleaning agent.
3. Inspect the seat pockets of the body and bonnet seal ring
area of the body and bonnet for any damage.
4. Gauge all threads of the bonnet and body.
NOTE: WKM valves are serialized with a 7 digit number and
what is refered to as a 'Dash Number' which indicates seat
size. Due to the fact that these valves may have been
previously repaired or machined it is necessary to include
Step 5.
5. Measurethe seat pocket of the valve body to verify the size Bearing Flange

of the seat that is called out in the serial number.


6. Inspect the stem for signs of damage to the gate threads
or packing seal area.
Packing
Area

Seat

Operating
Threads

Dia.

RP971860

Teflon
Insert

RP971845

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 5
Clean and Inspect
7. Inspect bearings for signs of corro-
sion and for free movement.
8. Inspect the packing retainer for any
damage. Stem
9. Inspect the bearing retainer and Threads
bearing retainer locknut for signs of
damage to threads or ID finish.
10. Inspect gate for signs of damage to
either face or internal stem threads.
11. Inspect gate guides for corrosion or
if they may be bent.
12. Measure flange conections to API
standards.
13. Replace parts as necessary.
NOTE: It is not necessary to inspect the Gate Spring
seats as they are damaged when
removed.

Pressure
Side

Tab

Gate
Segments
RP971861

RP971862

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 6 Gate Valves
Reassemble the Valve
Recommended Tools
• Hammerwrench
• 7/8" wrench
• Press Plate
• Drive Bar
• Rubber Mallet

Install the New Seats


1. Place the valve body in the seat press.
2. Turn the valve up on the outlet.
3. Ensure the seat pocket is clean and free of any debris.
4. Examine the Seat to be installed in the seat pocket. Verify
the following.
• seat is correct size for the valve in which it will be used
• teflon insert is properly installed and undamaged
• OD is free of burrs that may cause damage to valve
5. Lightly grease the OD of the seat to be installed.
6. Orient the seat with the teflon insert facing up.
7. Place the seat in the seat pocket until it stops, ensuring it
RP971863
is level.
NOTE: The seat will only fit into the pocket slightly because of
the press fit tolerance between the seat and the body.
8. Examine the Press Plate. Verify the following
• face of the plate is clean and free of any foreign
matter
• alignment hole is clean and free of debris
9. Orient the Press Plate with the alignment hole facing up.
Drive Bar
10. Insert the press plate into the valve body cavity and center
it on the seat.
11. Examine the Drive Bar. Verify the pin is intact and secure.
12. Orient the Drive Bar with the pin end down.
13. Insert the Drive bar into the exposed outlet and into the
Press Plate.
Press Plate

RP971864

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 7
Reassemble the Valve
14. Ensure the pin is inserted into the alignment hole of the
Press Plate.
15. Gently tap the end of the bar to start the seat into the seat
pocket, then check to ensure the seat is still level in the
pocket. If the seat becomes tilted in the seat pocket
remove the bar and gently tap the high side of the press
Plate until the seat levels up.
16. Using the Seat press apply up to 5,000 psi to install the
seat into the seat pocket. Hold the pressure approximately
one minute and release pressure.
NOTE: Wile the valve is held firmly in place, install the body
lubrication fittings into the 1/2" npt ports on the front of the
valve body.
17. Remove the bar and press plate andverify that the seat is
level, ensure the teflon insert is undamaged.
18. Flip valve onto opposite outlet and repeat process for
other seat.
Install the Gate Guides
19. Remove the valve from the seat press and set the valve
upright.
20. Examine the Gate Guides. Verify the following:
• guides are proper size RP971846
• are not bent or otherwise disfigured
21. Orient the gate guide with the edges facing away from the
seat pocket.
22. Insert the gate Guide into the body cavity and hook the
tongue under the bottom side of the seat.
23. Fit the top of the gate guide seat opening over the top of
the seat until it fits snugly and the face of the guide is flush
with the face of the seat.
24. Repeat this process for the other gate guide on the
opposite seat.

Seat
Tounge

Gate Guide

RP971847

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 8 Gate Valves
Reassemble the Valve
Install the Gate Assembly
25. Examine the Gate Assembly. Verify
the following:
• Internal stem threads are clean,
free of debris and undamaged
• bore is clean and free of debris
• both faces are free of any mars
or pits that may prevent sealing
26. Unless the valve body is otherwise
marked, orient the pressure side
face of the gate to be installed to
face the right side of the valve.
27. Grease both faces of the gate with a
light oil or grease to aid in the instal-
lation.
28. Carefully slide the gate in between
the Gate Guides and seats into po-
sition with the bore of the gate ap-
proximately even with the bore of
the valve.
NOTE: Sometimes the gate may fit rather
tight, in these events it may become
necessary to use a rubber mallet to
force the gate into position.

WARNING: Do Not marr the face of the


gate or the seat during this opera-
tion or the assembly may not seal.

RP971865

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 9
Reassemble the Valve
Reassemble the Bonnet Handwheel
29. Examine the bonnet. Verify the following: Nut

• bore is clean and free of debris


• threads are clean and undamaged
• packing box is clean with no marrs or pitting
• seal ring area is clean and in good condition with no Handwheel
pits or marrs Bearing Retainer
30. Orient the bonnet with the flange down. Locknut
31. Prepack both the bonnet bearings with a lightweight
Bearing Retainer
lithium based grease prior to installation.
32. Slide one bearing onto the stem, over the operating Bearing Sleeve
threads, until the race comes in contact with the bearing
flange. Upper Bearing
33. Install the packing retainer in the same manner until the
flat bottom contacts the bearing. Bearing Flange
34. There are six pieces of chevron packing in a set of a model
M valve. They are a bottom male piece four Vee packing
and a top female piece. Lower Bearing
35. Split the packing in half with the male piece and two Vee
packing in the bottom half and the female piece and two
Vee packing in the top half. Packing Retainer
36. Slide the top half of the packing set onto the stem with the
flat surface of the female piece against the packing Packing
retainer and the two vee packing pieces cupped against
the female piece.
NOTE: Do Not attempt to thread the chevron packing onto the Stem
stem, this will only damage the ID of the packing.

Bonnet
Bearing
Retainer
Threads
Packing

Bearing RP971843
Grease
Fitting

Packing
Box

Plastic
Injection
Fitting
Port

Bonnet
Seal Area

RP971866

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 10 Gate Valves
Reassemble the Valve
37. Install the bottom half into the bon-
net with the flat side of the male
piece against the bottom of the pack-
ing box and the two Vee pieces
cupping it.
38. Wrap the stem just below the chev-
ron packing with teflon impregnated Bonnet Assembly
strip packing.
NOTE: Do Not let the Strip of packing
overlap the chevron packing or be
larger than the OD of the packing.
39. Install the other bearing over the
other end of the stem until the race
contacts the bearing flange.
40. Slide the Bearing Sleeve over the
two bearings, it will land on the
bottom of the packing retainer.
41. Insert the stem into the bonnet, op-
erating threads first, passing it
through the chevron packing in the
bottom of the bonnet packing box. Bulk Packing
42. Using a rubber mallet lightly tap the Separates Upper
stem until it seats fully into the bon- and Lower
net. Packing Rings Open lips of
43. Install the bearing retainer into the
bonnet and tighten fully. Packing Rings
NOTE: The bearing Retainer will coun- Face Pressure
tersink into the bonnet approximately
3/16".
44. Install the bearing retainer locknut
over the bearing retainer and tighten
to refusal.
NOTE: The bearing retainer locknut
should be close to flush with the top
of the bonnet body.
Bonnet
45. Install the bearing grease fitting.
Seal Area RP971867

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 11
Reassemble the Valve
Install the Bonnet
Assembly
46. Thoroughly grease either the inter-
nal threads of the Gate Assembly or
the operating threads of the stem.
47. Install the Bonnet Seal Ring onto
the seal shoulder of the valve body.
NOTE: Since this is a deformation seal
it may be necessary to tap the Bon-
net Seal Ring into position with a
rubber mallet.
48. Orient the bonnet assembly with the
flange down.
49. Ensure the seal area of the bonnet is
clean.
50. Insert the operating threads of the
stem into the threads of the gate and
using left handed rotation make up
the connection fully.
51. Orient the packing fitting port and
allemite fitting to the front of the
valve.
52. Install the bonnet nuts onto the studs
hand tight only.
53. Fully open the valve to prevent the Bonnet
gate from bottoming out on the body Seal Ring
during the tightening of the bonnet.
54. Tighten the bonnet bolts in an alter-
nating cross pattern until the bonnet
and body come face to face.

RP971868

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 12 Gate Valves
Reassemble the Valve
55. Install plastic injection fitting into it's
respective port and tighten.
56. Energize the bonnet packing by re-
moving the packing plunger, insert-
ing a small amount of plastic pack-
ing and reinserting the plunger.
Continue this process until the
handwheel operates at a comfort- Packing
able amount of friction but not too Plunger
tight.

RP971869

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 13
Drift the Valve

Drift the Valve


The drift of all gate valves is essential,
Drift Bar
especially in the run of a Christmas tree
assembly to ensure that all future down-
hole equipment is able to pass through
the bore of the tree.
1. Fully open the Gate valve. RP971870

2. Visually inspect the bore to ensure


the gate and seats are properly
aligned.
NOTE: If the gate and seats are not
properly aligned it may be neces-
sary to 'Jam' the valve shut very
tightly or back off the gate 1/4 to 1/2
turn to let the bore line up.
3. Select the appropriately sized drift Drift Bar

by referring to the latest API 6A


manual.
4. Drift in accordance with the above
referenced API manual.
NOTE: Drift all valves in both directions
to ensure full compliance and prod-
uct quality.

RP971871

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 14 Gate Valves
Test the Valve
During the testing of any equipment, it is of the utmost
importance to use any and all safety precautions available. All
gate valve testing shall be done in accordance with the latest
API 6A manual.
Hydrostatic Body Test
1. Secure the valve to avoid any unnecessary movement
during the test procedure.
To Test
Pump

2. Attach the appropriate test apparatus to the outlets of the


valve and tighten fully.
NOTE: Always apply test pressure from the pressure side of
the valve.
3. Open the valve approximately half way. This will allow the RP971872

valve body to fill completely with water for the body test.
4. Attach the test pump to the pressure side of the valve.
5. Slowly apply pressure to the API specifications found in
table 7.9 on page 7-16 of the above referenced manual.
6. Follow generally accepted test inspection practices when
searching for possible sources of leaks.
7. If a leak occurs, carefully bleed all pressure of valve and
test equipment.
8. Cycle valve fully open then fully closed to ensure there is
no trapped pressure in the body.
To Test
Pump

9. Repair as necessary.
10. Retest in accordance with API.
Hydrostatic Seat Test
11. Once a satisfactory series of body tests are completed
and all test pressure has been bled off the valve and test
equipment, remove the test apparatus from the non- RP971873

pressure side of the valve.


12. Close valve completely and 'jam' shut.
13. Thoroughly clean the exposed face of the valve gate,
removing any residual grease and water.
14. Slowly apply test pressure to opposite side of valve in
accordance with the above specified API manual.
15. Using generally accepted test practices verify that there is
no water leakage past the gate or from between the seat
and valve body.
16. If a leak is observed, carefully bleed off test pressure from
both valve and test equipment.
17. Cycle valve fully open to ensure any trapped test pressure
is completely bled off.
18. Repair as required.
19. Retest in accordance with API.

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 15
Grease the Valve
1. Once a satisfactory test has been achieved and all test
pressure is completely bled off, locate the two body
grease fittings on the front of the valve body,
2. Remove the dust cap from each fitting.
3. Attach a bleeder tool to either of the fittings and open tool.
4. Attach the greasing apparatus to the other fitting.
5. Fully open or fully close the valve to prevent grease from
bleeding into the bore before fully filling valve body. Attach
6. Inject the grease into the valve body until a constant Bleeder
Tool
stream flows from the bleeder tool. Refer to the charts on
page 18 for the type and amount of grease to inject.
7. Stop injecting grease while leaving bleeder tool open to
prevent any pressure from building inside valve body.
8. Remove grease injecting apparatus.
9. Remove bleeder tool.
10. Clean any excess grease from valve body and fittings.
11. Reinstall dust caps to body grease fittings.
12. Open valve fully.
NOTE: The valve is opened after greasing to prevent any
possible damage to gate faces during storage. Remove
Dust Cap
and Inject
Grease

OM-029-R WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
December 1997 2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure
Page 16 Gate Valves
Lubricant Selection

SERVICE LUBRICANT OPERATIONAL PROPERTIES SOLVENT QUANTITIES (by part number)


NAME Available on a standard order basis

With H2S (Sour Crude or Gas)

With Gas Well Condensates


High Temp RT to +650° F
Low Temp to -75° F
Standard Crude

Very High CO2

125 lb Drum

400 lb Drum
(per pound)

25 lb Pail
5 lb Can
Diesel

CI-14 or Mineral
Standard E P P P F F P 700149 700667 770668 770669 770670
TF-41 Spirts
Mineral
Artic NS-14 E E P P F F P Spirts 700123 770671 770672 770673 770674

SS-14 or Alcohol
Standard E P E P G G G 700150 700675 770676 770677 770678
TS-41
Mineral
Standard HT-14 G F P E F F P 700217 700679 770680 770681 770682
Spirts
Mineral
Standard Moly 101 G P P E G F P 700194 700679 770680 770681 770682
Spirts

E=Excellent F=Fair

G=Good P=Poor Example for Ordering: Order Part Number 700672 for 25 lb Pail of NS-14

Amount of Lubricant Required

Bore Size Pressure rating Lubricant Volume Required Lubricant Weight Approximate Follwer Plate Travel
(inches) (psi) (cubic inches) (pounds) (inches)
2-1/16 to 5000 43 1.7 .7

2-9/16 to 5000 79 3.2 1.3

3-1/8 to 5000 114 4.6 1.9

4-1/8 to 5000 245 9.8 4.2

5-1\8 to 5000 312 12.5 5.3

6-1/8 to 5000 583 23.3 9.9

6-3/8 to 5000 583 23.3 9.9

WKM Model M Repair Procedure


Covering 2-1/16", 2-9/16" & 3-1/8"
OM-029-R
2,000, 3,000 & 5,000 psi Working Pressure December 1997
Gate Valves Page 17