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Aim : Installing Wordpress Locally


1) Install Wamp

This tutorial is designed to Wamp but it could work perfectly with any other local server
including PHP and MySQL.

If your site should use seo-friendly permalinks, with the option /%postname%, they will not
work locally unless the rewrite module is enabled.
To activate it, open the Wamp menu, open Apache, Apache modules and check on

2) Install Wordpress

Unpack the Wordpress archive in /wamp/www/wordpress

It is also possible to use virtualhost to install multiple sites, but that is another matter.

3) Create a database

For this, we enter in phpMyAdmin from the Wamp menu in the taskbar, and in
phpMyAdmin, we click on the "Create a database" link after entering the name chosen for the
base in the input field below the link.

4) Fill wp-config.php

// ** MySQL settings ** //
define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress');
define('DB_USER', 'root');
define('DB_PASSWORD', '');
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');
define('DB_COLLATE', '');

// You can have multiple installations in one database if you give each a unique
$table_prefix = 'wp_'; // Only numbers, letters, and underscores please!

// Change this to localize WordPress. A corresponding MO file for the

// chosen language must be installed to wp-content/languages.
// For example, install to wp-content/languages and set WPLANG to 'de'
// to enable German language support.

define ('WPLANG', 'fr_FR');

/* That's all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */

define('ABSPATH', dirname(__FILE__).'/');

This file is at the root of wordpress. Rename wp-config-example.php in wp-config.php.

The name of the database (DB_NAME): it is that you created with phpMyAdmin.
"wordpress" is an example.
The username (DB_USER): root
The password: none.
The server (DB_HOST): localhost.
The charset: you choose, the default is utf8.
The language you choose, nothing for English otherwise enter the code, for example fr-FR
and install the corresponding mo file into /wp-includes/languages/.
The revisions: disable them is your site does not work as a wiki, to avoid to overload the

5) Start

Click on localhost in the Wamp menu. Click on wordpress. An error message appears, you
must specify the full path:


This can be done directly by typing this URL in the navigation bar of the browser.



Then click on install, and it is finished.

Importing the content of a blog

If you already have a blog online, you can retrieve its content with the export command on
the site, and import it locally. This can be particularly useful to verify the compatibility of a
new version of Wordpress with the database before installing it.

In this case, you have to increase the memory size allowed to PHP in the php.ini file in the
php subdirectory of Wamp:

memory_limit = 64M ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (8MB)

Aim : Installing Joomla Locally


1. Create a new folder called joomla within the WWW folder of your wamp server ( The
www folder on your wamp server is where all your new project folders and files must be put).

2. Extract all the files from the downloaded joomla zip folder and insert them into the newly
created joomla folder within the WWW wamp folder or directory.
3. Edit the configuaration.php-Dist file within the extracted joomla file ( You will see this file
by just opening up the joomla folder within the WWW wamp folder ) and delete everything
in this file and rename it configuration.php

4. Left click on your wamp icon and click on the localhost panel.Within the projects section
you will see your joomla folder and by just clicking on it this will bring up the joomla

5. Joomla installation steps (a) select language,click on english and then click next (b) pre-
installation check,just leave as it is and click next (c) license,just click next (d) database
configuration ( this will be the same as that used in configurating your database within the
phpMyAdmin panel within wamp see step 6 above ) for example my
sql,hostname=localhost,username=what you created,password=what you created,database
name=what you created and then just click next (e) FTP configuration,just leave as it is and
click next.(f) Main configuration,sitename : can be any name that you want, --- confirm email
and password : use the email that you used to install the wamp server and create an admin
password for accessing your joomla control panel.(g) Load sample data,tick install sample
data and click next.You have now successfully completed your installation.

6. The final step involves deleting the entire contents of the joomla installtion folder.Just
navigate to the WWW directory or folder and open up the joomla folder and delete its
installation folder.Thats it,you are finished.



Aim : Develop a simple web service to display “Hello World”.
Description :

Creating Apache Axis2 Web Services on NetBeans IDE

This experiment shows you how to create and deploy an Apache Axis2 web service from a
Java class. You also learn how to set up the Tomcat and the GlassFish servers bundled with
NetBeans IDE to deploy Axis2 web services. The tutorial also shows how to configure the
Axis2 options in the IDE so that the IDE deploys Axis2 web services correctly.

Apache Axis is an implementation of the SOAP (Simple Object-Access Protocol) submission

to the W3C. Apache Axis2 is a more efficient, more modular and more XML-oriented
version of Axis. Axis2 not only supports SOAP 1.1 and SOAP 1.2, but it also has integrated
support for RESTful web services. The same business logic implementation can offer both a
WS-* style interface as well as a REST/POX style interface simultaneously. For more
information about Axis2, please see the website.

Axis2 web services are interoperable with Metro. You can create a JAX-WS client for an
Axis2 web service, although some more complicated Axis2 WSDL operations may not be

Software or Resource Version Required

NetBeans IDE Java download bundle

version 6 or version 5
Java Development Kit (JDK)
Warning: NetBeans IDE 6.9 requires JDK 6

Apache Axis 2 version 1.3 or later, WAR distribution

Tomcat web server 6.0 and/or

Java EE-compliant web or application
GlassFish Server Open Source Edition 2.1 or

Both Tomcat and the GlassFish server can be installed with the Java Web distribution of
NetBeans IDE. Alternatively, you can visit the the GlassFish server downloads page or the
Apache Tomcat downloads page.

Setting Up Axis2 and NetBeans IDE

In this section you learn how to download an Axis2 WAR file, embed it in either an Apache
Tomcat or the GlassFish server, and configure NetBeans IDE to upload AAR files to the

Downloading the Apache Axis2 WAR file

Apache Axis2 can be downloaded here. Download the WAR (Web Archive) distribution, so
you do not have to build the WAR file yourself. The download is in the form of an archive
file. Later you unpack the archive to your server.

Installing the Axis2 Support Plugin

This tutorial requires the Axis2 Support plugin for the NetBeans IDE. In the IDE, go to the
Plugin Manager, under the Tools menu, and check whether Axis2 Support Plugin is installed,
under the Installed tab. If it is installed, check whether an update is available in the Updates
tab. If the Axis2 support is not installed, install it from the Available Plugins tab, as shown

Setting Up Axis2 Options for Tomcat

Axis services run faster on Tomcat than on the GlassFish server, but the setup is slightly
more complicated. You can easily deploy the same service to both Tomcat and the GlassFish
server by first deploying to one server, then changing the Axis2 options and finally deploying
to the other server.

If you want to deploy to the GlassFish server instead of Tomcat, go to Setting Up Axis2
Options for the GlassFish server.

To set up Axis2 options for Tomcat:

1. Unpack the downloaded archive file containing axis2.war to your Tomcat

CATALINA_BASE/webapps directory. If you do not know where your
CATALINA_BASE is, start the IDE and open the Services tab. Expand the Servers
node. Right-click the Tomcat 6.0.x node and select Properties from the context menu.
The Catalina Base location is visible in the Connection tab.

If there is no CATALINA_BASE, you have not run your Tomcat before. Start and
stop Tomcat and CATALINA_BASE will be generated.

2. Start or restart the Tomcat server. Tomcat unpacks the axis2.war file into an axis2

folder in CATALINA_BASE/webapps.

3. From the top menu bar in the IDE, choose Tools > Options. The Options dialog

4. Click the Axis2 icon. The Axis2 deployment options page opens.

5. Set the target location for Axis2 AAR files to your CATALINA_BASE (not

TOMCAT_HOME)/ webapps/axis2 directory.

6. Make sure the Axis2 URL field contains the correct port number for your Tomcat

server. To check the port number, start Tomcat (from the Services tab or from Tools

-> Servers) and see what port Coyote HTTP/1.1 uses.

7. For convenience, select Use Tomcat Manager for Deployment. This function means

that the IDE will launch Tomcat Manager in the background and run the reload
command on axis2.war every time you make a change to axis2.war. If you do not
select Use Tomcat Manager for Deployment, you will have to manually run Tomcat
Manager or use other Tomcat tools to reload axis2.war every time you make a change
to it.

The default Tomcat Manager username and password varies. You can find this
information in the Properties page for the Tomcat server To double-check that Tomcat
Manager is deployed and has the default manager role username and password, open
CATALINA_BASE/conf/tomcat-users.xml. The manager role should be defined and
it should have a username and password assigned to it, as in the following version of
the file. (You can copy and paste this file if necessary.)

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>

<role rolename="manager"/>
<role rolename="admin"/>
<user username="ide" password="JTtrQw99" roles="manager,admin"/>

Setting Up Axis2 Options for the GlassFish server

You can deploy Axis2 web services to the GlassFish Server Open Source Edition. You can
easily deploy the same service to both Tomcat and the GlassFish server by first deploying to
one server, then changing the Axis2 options and finally deploying to the other server.

If you want to deploy to Tomcat instead of the GlassFish server, go to Setting Up Axis2
Options for Tomcat.

To set up Axis2 options for the GlassFish server:

1. Unpack the downloaded archive file containing axis2.war to

GLASSFISH_HOME/domains/DOMAIN_NAME/autodeploy. To find the
GLASSFISH_HOME and the name of your domain, start the IDE and open the
Services tab. Expand the Servers node. Right-click the GlassFish server 2.1 or 3.0.1
node and select Properties from the context menu. The Domains folder location and
the name of the domain are visible in the Connection tab. For example, from the
following image, you know to copy axis2.war to G:\GlassFish-


2. Start the IDE. From the top menu bar, choose Tools -> Options. The Options dialog

3. Click the Axis2 icon. The Axis2 deployment options page opens.

4. Set the target location for Axis2 AAR files to the axis2.war file you unpacked into the

GlassFish server autodeploy directory.

By placing axis2.war into autodeploy, you enable the GlassFish server to

automatically redeploy axis2.war every time you alter the file. On the GlassFish
server 3.0.1 Prelude, however, you cannot redeploy the WAR file while the server is
5. Make sure the Axis2 URL field contains the correct port number for your GlassFish

server. To check the port number, start the GlassFish server (from the Services tab or
from Tools -> Servers) and see what 80xx port HTTP 1.1 uses. The default port
number is 8080. In the following image, the correct port number is 8081 (because

another server already uses 8080).

Note: If you are using Windows Vista, have the GlassFish server installed to Program Files,
and have User Access Control enabled, you will not be able to make changes to the axis2.war
file from the IDE. Either install the GlassFish server to a different location or disable UAC.

Developing an Axis2 Web Service

In this section, you use NetBeans IDE to create, deploy, test, and modify an Axis2 web

Creating an Axis2 Web Service

With NetBeans IDE, you can create an Axis2 web service from a Java class. You can only do
this from a Java application or Java library project. In this tutorial, you create a Java library
project (because you do not need a main method), create an Axis2 web service in that project
(creating the Java class at the same time) and deploy the Axis2 web service to a server.

You can only create an Axis2 web service from a Java or Java Library project. This is
because the axis.aar file (the deployable archive into which web services and Axis

configuration files are packed) is neither a WAR nor an EAR and cannot be deployed
normally as a web (EAR) application.

To create an Axis2 web service:

1. Click the New Project icon or File -> New Project. The New Project wizard opens.
From the Java category, select a Java class library project. Click Next.

2. Name the project AxisHello. Check that you are using the project folder name and

location that you want. It is up to you whether to share the project. Click Finish, and
the IDE creates the project.

3. Right-click the project node. The context menu opens. In the context menu, choose

New -> Other. The New File wizard opens. From the Web Services category, choose

Axis2 Service from Java and click Next.

4. The Service Type Selection page of the New File wizard is now open. You do not
have any Java classes in the project, so select "Create an Empty Web Service." If you

had already coded a Java class, you would have selected Create a Web Service from
an Existing Java Class. If you wanted to edit the WSDL of the web service, for
example to add or change namespaces, you would select Generate a WSDL from Java
Source Code. Editing WSDL is outside the scope of this tutorial, so leave this
unselected. The wizard should look like the following image.

5. Click Next. The Name and Location page opens. Name the Java class
HelloAxisWorld. Name the package axishello. Leave Generate Sample Method
selected. This generates a method in the Java class that returns "Hello, World."

6. Click Finish. The IDE generates a class in the axishello source
package and a HelloAxisWorld Axis2 web service that mirrors this Java class. You
can see that both the Java class and the Axis2 web service have a hello:String
operation, shown in the Navigator tab and as a node of the Axis2 web service,


Deploying and Testing an Axis2 Web Service

Once you have created an Axis2 web service, you need to deploy it to a server. Actually,
deployment to a server involves two steps:

1. Copying the Axis2 web service to the axis2.war file used by the server. This step can
be taken with the server offline.

2. Redeploying the updated axis2.war file to the server.

If you are deploying to Tomcat with the Use Tomcat Manager for Deployment option
enabled (see Setting Up Axis2 Options for Tomcat), or you are deploying to the GlassFish
server and axis2.war is in the GLASSFISH_DOMAIN/autodeploy folder (see Setting Up
Axis2 Options for the GlassFish server), the updated axis2.war is automatically redeployed to
the server. Otherwise, you have to redeploy axis2.war manually, using application server
tools. In this tutorial we assume you have set up the Axis2 options so redeployment is

To deploy an Axis2 web service to the server:

1. Right-click the web service's node. The context menu opens. Select Deploy to Server.
The IDE compiles an Axis2 AAR file and copies it to the axis2.war file used by the
application server.

2. If you have enabled automatic deployment, the web service is deployed to the server.
If the server is not running, start it and the web service is automatically deployed.

3. To test the service, expand the web service node to reveal the operations. Right-click
the hello:String node and select Test Operation in Browser.

4. Your browser opens with a test value of your variables. The test value is appended to

the URL.

5. Change the variable value in the URL and press Enter. The test result changes as well.

Changing the Web Service's Operations

To change the web service operations, edit the Java file in the project. The operations in the
web service change simultaneously. Add a simple add method to, as

public class HelloAxisWorld {

/** Sample method


public String hello(String name) {
return "Hello "+name;
public int add(int x, int y) {
return x+y;

Save the Java file, and the operation appears as a subnode of the web service.

Redeploy the web service and test it as described in Deploying and Testing an Axis2 Web