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PILLAR, PATRICIA GERICKA A.

Reflective Paper 5: Based on the Filipinos experiences with the West, are they capable of preserving
their culture in these changing times?

Philippine at present is a self-conscious country. This is brought by long years of subordination


to different countries, primarily from Spain and the United States of America. Although Philippine’s pre-
Spanish culture still has a place in the Filipino identity today, nevertheless it is irretrievable. Irretrievable
in a sense that the Philippine can no longer go back to its original state. It cannot wash off years of
influences with its colonizers. Although Philippines is an Asian country, it is also adopted major Western
values. The major impact of Spain to the Philippine is converting it into a devoted Catholic country. On
the other hand, the major influence of America in the Philippines is education and government
structure.

Filipino identity is intertwined with the Catholic Church. In fact, the Catholic Church still has
ample significance and say in the Philippine society. It enforced values of conservatism, patriarchy, and
devotedness. This is different from the pre-Spanish disposition of Philippine where accounts suggests
that Philippines was an open society, one where both men and women were valued fairly. When it came
to the American period, the Americans established an education system for all. Unlike Spain who barely
afforded education to Filipinos, much less women. In addition, Spain and America taught the importance
of sanitation which was also different from the pre-Spanish attitude of Filipinos where sanitation is
barely addressed. Their education was substantial for the government structure introduced by America,
which is a democratic rule. Through democracy, the people were allowed to fill in a role in nation
building.

Ultimately, colonization is never justified despite of the modernization it brought to the


Philippines. The atrocities of subjugation and war has put a dent on the original or untainted identity of
Filipinos. Even though Philippines can no longer purely preserve its original culture, the experiences and
adapted culture are now part of the Filipino identity.

References:

Harvard Divinity School. (n.d.). Catholicism in the Philippines. Retrieved from https://rlp.hds.harvard.ed
u/faq/catholicism-philippines

Sobritchea, C. (n.d.) American Colonial Education and its impact on the status of Filipino women.
Retrieved from https://asj.upd.edu.ph/mediabox/archive/ASJ-28-1990/sobritchea.pdf