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Channel your English Upper-Intermediate – Final Exam

Reading (20 marks)

1. You are going to read an article about Artificial Intelligence. Choose the most suitable

heading A-F for each part (1-5) of the article. There is one extra heading which you do

not need to use.

A The ultimate challenge D Robots don't have feelings

B Almost human or not? E Making progress, but still a long way to go

C The development of AI F Scientists are in two minds

A robot with a heart?

(1) ______________________________________________________________________
A computer that cries when its feelings are hurt? A machine that smiles when you enter the
room? It might sound highly unlikely, but scientists predict that, one day, computers will
actually think like human beings. That means that machines will not only be capable of
intelligent thought, they'll also be capable of showing emotion. The concept of Artificial
Intelligence, or AI as it is often referred to, originated when army troops used machines to
break enemy codes during World War II. Through the years, computers became more and
more sophisticated, to the point where, in 1997, the computer 'Deep Blue' actually beat world
chess champion, Gary Kasparov.

(2) ______________________________________________________________________
The 'intelligence' that was displayed by 'Deep Blue' cannot be compared to the complexity of
human intelligence. So, is it possible to create an artificial version of the human mind? Some
scientists believe that technology will be able to imitate human thinking only if we manage to
develop a computer programme which will function like the human brain. But, other scientists
feel that this goal can't be achieved and that the most we can hope for is to be able to imitate
some aspects of human intelligence.

(3) ______________________________________________________________________
There are already thousands of computers and programmes that display some kind of
intelligence. Examples include Internet search engines, voice recognition programmes, even
clothing that contains sensors that are able to record changes in the human body. These
programmes are particularly useful and efficient, but it is only in the field of robotics that we
can really see how difficult it is to simulate human behaviour.

(4) ______________________________________________________________________
Getting a robot to act like a human being is no easy job; aside from the fact that they have a
hard time finding their way around, they can't do more than one task at a time. For example, a
robot could vacuum or perform some other household chore, but nothing more. But, perhaps
the greatest difficulty is building a robot that can actually identify and display emotion. If a robot
could express emotion, it would be truly 'intelligent'. Emotions are considered necessary for
survival and decision-making.

(5) ______________________________________________________________________
One of the most successful projects in the field of robotics is the construction of 'Kismet' at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 'Kismet' is a robot with a three-dimensional head and
eyes, eyelids and lips that can actually move. It can imitate a range of human emotions. If
'Kismet' is left alone for any length of time, it becomes sad. It smiles when in the company of
humans and even looks afraid when it's not treated properly.
Whether scientists will actually be able to create robots that possess both emotional and
intellectual intelligence remains to be seen, but the future looks bright.

2. You are going to read an article about banned sports inventions. For Questions 1-10,
choose from the inventions (A-E). Some of the inventions may be chosen more than
once. When more than one answer is required, these may be given in any order.

Which sports invention(s):

was inspired by a tribal custom? ______ (1)
made the athlete look like a superhero? ______ (2)
were developed by sportsmen? ______ (3) ______ (4) ______ (5)
almost put the popularity of the sport at risk? ______ (6)
was a combination of technique and innovation? ______ (7)
drew strong criticism from an organisation? ______ (8)
had an effect on the movement of the ball? ______ (9) ______ (10)

Never got passed the starting line ...

Innovative designers and sportsmen alike have come up with a variety of clever ways to gain
an advantage over the competition; of course, officials wouldn't even give their ideas a
sporting chance ...

A Jump to it
About fifty or so years ago, an athlete travelling through Africa noticed that members of the
Watutsi tribe jumped very high up into the air during their ceremonies. How did they do it? By
jumping off small piles of earth. The Russians decided to use this technique to help their
athletes perform better in the high jump. So, they invented shoes that were almost two inches
high at the toe and low at the heel. This, quite literally, worked wonders! In 1957, high jumper,
Yuri Stepanov, set a new world record wearing these shoes, but after a number of complaints,
it was decided that the record would not be accepted. The shoes were banned and it was
decided that the maximum thickness of shoes should be 13 millimetres.

B Tennis, anyone?
In 1977, sports equipment designer, Werner Fischer, came up with the idea of tennis racquets
with two sets of strings instead of one. His aim was to improve the speed of the ball and he
succeeded beyond his wildest expectations. The revolutionary new racquet helped players
produce powerful and accurate shots; in fact, it was almost guaranteed that the ball would go
over the net just about every time. Of course, officials weren't pleased with this innovation and
it was quickly banned.
C Bicycle built for one
British Olympic cyclist, Graeme Obree, came up with quite a clever way to improve his time.
He changed the handlebars on his bike to suit his needs and cycled with his arms stretched
out in front of him. His unusual technique was nicknamed the 'Superman-style'. Obree
managed to improve his time, but the Union Cycliste Internationale quickly objected. A Union
representative said that cyclists should win because of skill and ability, rather than because of
the equipment they have and the design was banned.

D Wave goodbye to wood

Australian batsman, Dennis Lillee, caused a stir when he walked out onto the cricket field with
an aluminium bat in a test match between England and Australia in 1979. Play was stopped for
ten minutes while his captain attempted to persuade him to exchange the bat for one made of
willow wood. Although it was not proven that an aluminium bat might offer an unfair advantage,
the rules were quickly changed and now state that bats have to be made of wood.

E On the table
If you're familiar with the game of table tennis, you'll know that table tennis bats are covered in
a special kind of rubber. Several years ago, Austrian table tennis champion, Toni Hold,
decided to try a little experiment and heated the rubber. This changed the texture of the rubber
and, consequently, the nature of the game. The ball spun all over the place and, more often
than not, in the direction opposite to the one expected. Obviously, this made it very difficult to
play and there were many complaints that the game was becoming boring to watch. This
invention, too, was banned.

Use of English (60 marks)

1. Read the text below and choose the best word a, b or c for each blank.

It's a goal!!!
Did you know that (1) ____________ your favourite football team win (2) ____________
actually save your life? (3) ____________ based on the period leading up to, and
(4) ____________, the 1998 World Cup final proves that football is a lifesaver after all!
The 1998 World Cup was undoubtedly one of the biggest sporting events France has ever
seen. The final game on 12 July attracted an amazing TV (5) ____________ of 23.6 million!
Having studied health-related statistics recorded throughout the 1998 World Cup finals,
scientists have discovered that the percentage of French people who suffered a heart attack or
stroke on the day of the final was significantly lower compared (6) ____________ the statistics
for the same day the year before. Dr Pourcel, who was in (7) ____________ of the project,
says: 'We still aren't one hundred per cent sure about the exact reasons for this. It is believed,
however, that decreased physical activity combined with a feeling of euphoria of victory may
have (8) ____________ the trick!' Whatever the case, the evidence that has just come to
(9) ____________ is bound to add a new dimension to football as we know it today. So, now is
the time for all you football fans out there to (10) ____________ crazy!

1. a. looking b. noticing c. watching

2. a. could b. must c. should
3. a. Examination b. Research c. Investigation
4. a. involving b. including c. enclosing
5. a. audience b. spectators c. viewers
6. a. to b. at c. from
7. a. charge b. regard c. agreement
8. a. managed b. made c. done
9. a. surface b. light c. daylight
10. a. come b. walk c. go

2. Read the text below and complete each blank with one word only.

We have lift-off!
Does the idea of space tourism appeal (1) ____________ you? 'No way!' I'm sure most of you
would reply, (2) ____________ a doubt. Right? However, if I (3) ____________ you, I'd
definitely give it a second and more serious thought. A company that has (4) ____________
sent three people into orbit promises you a safe and enjoyable space flight. Of course, space
tourism is not for the faint-hearted! However, Nick Lott, the president of the company, is pretty
reassuring: 'There's nothing to worry (5) ____________. It's actually far less risky
(6) ____________ people may realise. We promise that we'll bring you back safe and
(7) ____________. All you (8) ____________ to do is… sit back, so to speak, and enjoy the
flight on one of our space business jets. The feeling of weightlessness that you can only
experience in space will make it one of the highlights of your life!' Come on! Don't you think it's
time you did something (9) ____________ of the ordinary? Did I hear you say 'yes'? Then,
(10) ____________ we go to the Moon!

3. Read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and
some have a word which should not be there. If the line is correct, put a tick () in
the space provided. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word in
the space provided.

Having all the luck!

1. Forget that old saying about how lucky Irish people are being.
2. According to a survey of lots more than 150,000 UK residents, __________________
3. it's the Welsh who believe they are the most luckiest. A team __________________
4. of the psychologists tried to discover how lucky people thought __________________
5. they were. They had asked the people who took part in the __________________
6. survey if chance events worked to their all advantage, if they __________________
7. often felt that they were in the right place at the right time, __________________
8. and if they had a habit of meeting people who influenced their __________________
9. lives in the very long run. The results showed that 19 per cent __________________
10. of the Welsh considered themselves lucky, having compared to __________________
11. 16 per cent of the Irish, 12 per cent of the English and just 10 __________________
12. per cent of the Scots. Why is this so? Dr Dale puts it down to __________________
13. people's personalities. 'People who tend to look out on the __________________
14. bright side of things are more likely to make up their own luck. __________________
15. The Welsh are lucky just because they believe in so,' he explains. __________________
It's as simple as that!

4. Complete the blanks with the correct form of the words in capital.

To the best of my memory…

You'll hear people say, 'I never forget a face'. (1) ____________, FORTUNATE
this is not the case with names. For example, when was the last time
you felt (2) ____________ simply because you couldn't recall the EMBARRASS
name of the person you were talking to? Or when was the last time
you tried to (3) ____________ a friend's phone number only to find
out that it was (4) ____________ for you to recall it a few hours later? MEMORY
The list of questions is (5) ____________ … However, there's no POSSIBLE
need to panic, it doesn't come with age - after all you aren't that old! END
The good news is that a simple (6) ____________ technique can SCIENCE
now help you build up a (7) ____________ memory. This will add POWER
to yourself-(8) ____________ and it won't be long before you start CONFIDENT
attracting everyone's (9) ____________ simply by your ability to
remember. ADMIRE
For most people having a good or bad memory doesn't make any
(10) ____________ at all. For us it does! So call us now! DIFFER

5. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence,
using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and
five words, including the word given.

1. John started learning Spanish six months ago. been

John ______________________________ six months.
2. Nigel started working as soon as the kids went to bed.
Nigel waited until the kids ______________________ he started working. before
3. It wasn't necessary to go through all that trouble after all.
You _________________________ all that trouble after all. gone
4. Maureen decided to buy the painting the moment she saw it.
The moment Maureen ________________________ she decided to buy it. set
5. Don't waste your time trying to persuade Sharon.
It is _____________________________ Sharon. worth
6. My best mate says exactly what he thinks and I admire him for that.
My best mate _________________________ and I admire him for that. mind
7. People say that she is bad-tempered.
She _____________________ bad-tempered. be
8. 'No, I didn't break the vase,' said Tommy.
Tommy ________________ vase. breaking
9. I didn't travel much when I was young and now I regret it.
I __________________________when I was young. wish
10. The book was so gripping that I found it hard to put down.
It was ____________________ that I found it hard to put down. such
6. Choose a, b or c to complete the sentences.

1. This computer game is apparently selling like hot __________________.

a. pies b. cakes c. sausages
2. I am writing __________________regard to your letter of 23rd May.
a. on b. for c. with
3. Her performance was nothing to write __________________about.
a. house b. hometown c. home
4. He'll go to any __________________to get what he wants.
a. widths b. measures c. lengths
5. Do you have anything in __________________for your Dad's present?
a. head b. mind c. thought
Writing (20 marks)
You are interested in attending a summer English language course in Britain. Read the
following advertisement and write a letter asking for further information using the notes you
have made. Your letter must be between 120 and 180 words. Do not write any addresses.

Live, Learn and Have Fun in Gloucester

The University of Gloucester, one of Britain's largest universities, invites you to join
one of their summer English language courses. (exam preparation courses?)

• All levels available (when exactly?)

• Qualified teachers (all native speakers?)

• A number of out-of-school activities organised to improve language skills

(what exactly?)
• Small classes (where are other students from?)
• Friendly multicultural environment For more information,
(how much?) write to:
• On-campus accommodation
Ms Amanda Steele
• Not far away from the city center Admissions Officer
23 Shaftesbury Lane
(number of students in (how far? within walking distance?) Gloucester GL9 2NX
United Kingdom