You are on page 1of 12

Environmental

Aspects and
Impacts
Assessments
Wendy Laing

Clean Land, Water and Air

NNBNA EOS d1
We All Must Do Our PartTo
Preserve These Resources For
Future Generations

NNBNA EOS
L

Identification of Environmental
Aspects and Impacts
Initial step in formulating a planto fulfill the
organization’s environmental policy.
Organization’s policy, objectives and targets
should be based on knowledge of environmental
aspects and significant environmental impacts.
*Determinesthe past, current, and potential
impact (positive or negative) of an
organization’s activities on the environment.

1 NNBNAEOS m
Identification of Environmental
Aspects

Identify the environmentalaspects of


activities, products or services that the
company cancontrol and that have
significant environmentalimpact.

NNBNA EOS

Definition: Environmental Aspect

Element of an organization’s activities,


products or services which can
interact with the environment.

Examples: Spills, Chemical release, air


emission, water usage
n

NNBNA EOS
I

Definition: Environmental Impact

Any change to the environment, whether


positive or negative, wholly or
partially resulting from an
organization’s activities, products or
services.

Examples: Stormwater contamination,


air pollution, recycling

NNBNA EOS

Identification of Environmental
Aspects
. Step One

+ Select an activity, product or service


The selected activity should be
large enough for meaningful
examination and small enoughto
be understood.

NNBNA EOS
Identification of Environmental
Aspects
Step Two

+ Identify as many environmentalaspects


as possible associated withthe selected
activity, product or service.

NNBNA EOS m I

Consider in your Analysis

Raw material Finished


product
Exhaust
Ill
Electricity
Waste Water Ill

NNBNA EOS
I
Identification of Environmental
Aspects
Step Three

+ Identify environmental impacts


Identify as many actual andpotential,
positive and negative, environmental
impacts as possible with each
identified aspect.

NNBNA EOS

Example Aspect & Impact Matrix

materials groundwater
kquipment Spills Groundwater
maintenance CFC release Air quality
Construction Topsoil Soil quality
conservation Surface water

NNBNA EOS
I

L
nwmw .-

...............

..................

...................

t
=!.?!?E!? ...........

Environmental Aspects
*Accidental Spillage AS
*AirEmissions AE
*SolidWaste sw
*Energy Consumption EC
*EnvironmentalNoise EN
*Ground Water GW
*Hazardous Waste HW
*OdorEmissions OE
*Process Waste Water Discharge PWW
*Dischargeto Spent Biomass SBM
*OtherProcess Waste OPW
*Water Consumption wc
*Raw Material Consumption RMC
*Stormwater Discharge SD
*Other Environmental Aspect OEA
NNBNA EOS
m
I

Environmental Impacts
*AirQuality - Particulates AQ-P
*Air Quality - Toxic Vapor AQ-TV
*Air Quality - Ozone Depletion AQ-OZ
*Air Quality - Greenhouse Gases AQ-GG
*Excess Noise XN
*Ground Water Quality GWQ
*Soil Quality SQ
*Surface Water Quality SWQ
*Depletion of Landfill Space DLS
*Depletion of Nonrenewable Resources DNR
*Depletion of Renewable Resources DRR
*OtherEnvironmental Impact OEI

I NNBNAEOS d
1

Ratings
Environmental impact during normal or

+
abnormal operation.
Possible control improvements, or there
is a potentialsignificant impact

+ Current controls are acceptable, or


there is nopotential significant
impact

NNBNA EOS
Identification of Environmental
Aspects
Step Four

+ Evaluate significance of environmental


impacts
The significance of each of the
identified impacts can bedifferent for
each organization, considering
environmental & business concerns.

NNBNA EOS

Impact Summary (by Department)


Aspects and Impacts Analysis Grouped by Environmental Impact

.L-r
=?E&.TodC"W

* I-.-
"a"
(De i ""
-*
"c
**-
=--
h
u w

u
0-L.
**""
I
3

NNBNA EOS m
I TI I
Impact Summary (by Impact)

Aspect and Impact Identification


Other Considerations
-
- Who is involved in the process more levels
of organization means morecomprehensive
analysis!
- All new projects, equipment, or process
changes which require an investment
application, equipment change, or
engineering work request
n

NNBNA EOS m
To Summarize

Involve as many levels of organization as


possible
i
Identification of aspects & impacts is
certainly a very time-consuming process!
The data generated from the process is
very valuable.

NNBNA EOS