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The Characters from El Filibusterismo were draw by Rizal from real life – Padre Florentino was Father

Leoncio Lopez – Isagani ws Vicente Ilustre – Paulita Gomez was Leonor Rivera.

In the events of the previous novel, Crisóstomo Ibarra, a reform-minded mestizo who tried to establish a
modern school in his hometown of San Diego and marry his childhood sweetheart, was falsely accused
of rebellion and presumed dead after a shootout following his escape from prison. Elías, his friend who
was also a reformer, sacrificed his life to give Crisóstomo a chance to regain his treasure and flee the
country, and hopefully continue their crusade for reforms from abroad. After a thirteen-year absence
from the country, a more revolutionary Crisóstomo has returned, having taken the identity of Simoun, a
corrupt jeweler whose objective is to drive the government to commit as much abuse as possible in
order to drive people into revolution.

Simoun goes from town to town presumably to sell his jewels. In San Diego, he goes to the Ibarra
mausoleum to retrieve more of his treasure but accidentally runs into Basilio, who was then also in the
mausoleum visiting his mother's grave. In the years since the death of his mother, Basilio had been
serving as Kapitán Tiago's servant in exchange for being allowed to study. He is now an aspiring doctor
on his last year at university as well as heir to Kapitán Tiago's wealth. When Basilio recognizes Simoun as
Crisóstomo Ibarra, Simoun reveals his motives to Basilio and offers him a place in his plans. Too secure
of his place in the world, Basilio declines.

At Barrio Sagpang in the town of Tiani, Simoun stays at the house of the village's cabeza de barangay,
Tales. Having suffered misfortune after misfortune in recent years, Kabesang Tales is unable to resist the
temptation to steal Simoun's revolver and join the bandits.

In Los Baños, Simoun joins his friend, the Captain-General, who is then taking a break from a hunting
excursion. In a friendly game of cards with him and his cronies, Simoun raises the stakes higher and
higher and half-jokingly secures blank orders for deportation, imprisonment, and summary execution
from the Captain-General.

At the Quiapo Fair in Manila, a talking heads exhibit ostensibly organized by a certain Mr. Leeds but
secretly commissioned by Simoun is drawing popular acclaim. Padre Bernardo Salví, now chaplain of the
Convent of the Poor Clares, attends one of the performances. The exhibit is set in Ptolemaic Egypt but
features a tale that closely resembled that of Crisóstomo Ibarra, María Clara, their fate under Salví, and
ends with an ominous vow of revenge. Deeply overcome with fear and guilt, Salví has the show banned,
but not before Mr. Leeds has already sailed for Hong Kong.

Simoun meets with Quiroga, a wealthy Chinese businessman and aspiring consul-general for the Chinese
empire. Quiroga is heavily in Simoun's debt, but Simoun offers him a steep discount if Quiroga does him
a favor—to store Simoun's massive arsenal of rifles in Quiroga's warehouses, to be used presumably for
extortion activities with Manila's elite. Quiroga, who hated guns, reluctantly obliges.

Months have passed and the night of Simoun's revolution arrives. Simoun visits Basilio in Tiago's house
and gives him one last offer to join his revolution. Simoun's plan is for a cannon volley to be fired, at
which point Kabesang Tales, now a bandit who calls himself Matanglawin, and Simoun who managed to
deceive and recruit a sizable rogue force among the government troops, will lead their forces into the
city. The leaders of the Church, the University, scores of bureaucrats, the Captain-General himself, as
well as the bulk of government troops guarding them are conveniently in one location, the theater
where a controversial and much-hyped performance of Les Cloches de Corneville is taking place. While
Simoun and Matanglawin direct their forces, Basilio and several others are to force open the door of the
Convent of the Poor Clares and rescue María Clara.