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Module 3: Activity No.

Cycles Exercises Problems

Name: Abraham F. Ramos


Student No. 20151140248

Problem:

For an air standard Otto engine with 17% clearance and an initial pressure of 93.08
kPaa, determine the pressure at the end of compression. If the pressure at the end of
constant volume heating is 3447.4 kPaa, what is the mep in kPa? Ans. 471 kPa

Given:

C=17 %
P1=93.08 Kpa

P3=3447.4 Kpa
Solution:

Wnet W 12+W 34
mep= =
VD V 1−V 2

V1 V4
rk = =
V2 V3
1 1
C= ; 0.17=
r k −1 r k −1

r k =6.8 8

P2:
P1 V k1=P2 V k2

P2=¿

P2=1385.1 kP a

P4:
P3 V k3=P4 V k4

P4 =¿

P4 =231.67 Kp a

V1, V4:
V 1=V 4=C +1

V 1=V 4=0.17+ 1

V 1=V 4=1.17 m3

V2, V3:

V 2=V 3 =C

V 2=V 3 =0.17

Wnet:
P2 V 2 −P1 V 1
W 12=
1−K

(1385.1 kpa)(0.17 m 3 )−( 93.08 Kpa)(1.17 m 3)


W 12=
1−1.4

W 12=−316.41 Kp a

P 4 V 4−P3 V 3
W 34 =
1−K

(231.67 kpa)(1.17 m 3)−(3447.4 Kpa)(0.17 m3)


W 34 =
1−1.4

W 34 =787.51 Kp a

mep:
Wnet W 12+W 34
mep= =
VD V 1−V 2

−316.41 Kpa+ 787.51 Kpa


mep=
1.17 m3−0.17 m 3

mep=471. 1kJ