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AIM IIT-JEE 2020

Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration


KEY CONCEPTS
1. DEFINITION :
If f & g are functions of x such that g(x) = f(x) then the function g is called a PRIMITIVE OR
ANTIDERIVATIVE OR INTEGRAL of f(x) w.r.t. x and is written symbolically as
d
 f(x) dx = g(x) + c 
dx
{g(x) + c} = f(x), where c is called the constant of integration.

2. STANDARD RESULTS :
ax  bn 1 dx 1
(i)  (ax + b)n dx =
a  n  1
+ c n  1 (ii)  ax  b
= ln (ax + b) + c
a

1 ax+b 1 a pxq
(iii)  eax+b dx =
a
e +c (iv)  apx+q dx =
p n a
(a > 0) + c

1 1
(v)  sin (ax + b) dx = 
a
cos (ax + b) + c (vi)  cos (ax + b) dx =
a
sin (ax + b) + c

1 1
(vii)  tan(ax + b) dx =
a
ln sec (ax + b) + c (viii)  cot(ax + b) dx =
a
ln sin(ax + b)+ c

1
(ix)  sec² (ax + b) dx = tan(ax + b) + c (x)  cosec²(ax + b) dx =  1 cot(ax + b)+ c
a a
1
(xi)  sec (ax + b) . tan (ax + b) dx = sec (ax + b) + c
a

(xii)  cosec (ax + b) . cot (ax + b) dx =  1 cosec (ax + b) + c


a

(xiii)  secx dx = ln (secx + tanx) + c OR ln tan    x  + c


4 2
x
(xiv)  cosec x dx = ln (cosecx  cotx) + c OR ln tan
2
+ c OR  ln (cosecx + cotx)

(xv)  sinh x dx = cosh x + c (xvi)  cosh x dx = sinh x + c (xvii)  sech²x dx = tanh x + c

(xviii)  cosech²x dx =  coth x + c (xix)  sech x . tanh x dx =  sech x + c


dx x
(xx)  cosech x . coth x dx =  cosech x + c (xxi)  = sin1
a
+c
a 2 x 2
dx 1 x dx 1 x
(xxii)  2
a x 2
= tan1 + c
a a
(xxiii)  x x a 2 2
=
a
sec1 + c
a

dx x
(xxiv)  = ln  x  x 2  a 2  OR sinh1 +c
2
x a 2   a

dx x
(xxv)  = ln  x  x 2  a 2  OR cosh1 +c
x 2 a 2   a

dx 1 ax dx 1 x a
(xxvi)  2
a x 2 =
2a
ln
ax
+c (xxvii)  2
x a 2
=
2a
ln
xa
+c

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
x a2 x
(xxviii)  a 2  x 2 dx =
2
a 2 x 2 +
2
sin1 + c
a
x a2 x
(xxix)  x 2  a 2 dx =
2
x 2 a 2 +
2
sinh1 + c
a
x a2 x
(xxx)  2
x  a dx = 2
2
x a 2 2 
2
cosh1 + c
a
e ax
(xxxi)  eax. sin bx dx =
a 2 b2
(a sin bx  b cos bx) + c

e ax
(xxxii)  eax . cos bx dx =
a 2 b2
(a cos bx + b sin bx) + c

3. TECHNIQUES OF INTEGRATION :
(i) Substitution or change of independent variable .
Integral I =  f(x) dx is changed to  f( (t)) f  (t) dt , by a suitable substitution
x =  (t) provided the later integral is easier to integrate .
 du 
(ii) Integration by part :  u.v dx = u  v dx  
 d x . v d x  dx where u & v are differentiable
 
function . Note : While using integration by parts, choose u & v such that
 du 
(a)  v dx is simple & (b) 
 d x .  v d x  dx is simple to integrate.
 
This is generally obtained, by keeping the order of u & v as per the order of the letters in ILATE,
where ; I  Inverse function, L  Logarithmic function ,
A  Algebraic function, T  Trigonometric function & E  Exponential function
(iii) Partial fraction , spiliting a bigger fraction into smaller fraction by known methods .
4. INTEGRALS OF THE TYPE :
f ( x )
(i)  [ f(x)]n f (x) dx OR  dx put f(x) = t & proceed .
f ( x )n
dx dx
(ii)  2
,  ,  ax 2  bx  c dx
2
ax  bx  c ax  bx  c
Express ax2 + bx + c in the form of perfect square & then apply the standard results .
px  q px  q
(iii)  2 dx ,  dx .
ax  bx  c ax 2  bx  c
Express px + q = A (differential co-efficient of denominator) + B .

(iv)  ex [f(x) + f (x)] dx = ex . f(x) + c (v)  [f(x) + xf (x)] dx = x f(x) + c


dx
(vi)  nN Take xn common & put 1 + xn = t .
x ( x n 1)
dx
(vii)  ( n 1)
n  N , take xn common & put 1+xn = tn
2

x x 1 n
 n

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
dx
(viii)  take xn common as x and put 1 + xn = t .
n 1/ n
n
x 1 x 
dx dx dx
(ix)  a  b sin 2
x
OR  a  b cos 2
x
OR  a sin 2
x  b sin x cos x  c cos 2
x
r r
Multiply N. . & D. . by sec² x & put tan x = t .
dx dx dx
(x)  a  b sin x
OR  a  b cos x
OR  a  b sin x  c cos x
x
Hint :Convert sines & cosines into their respective tangents of half the angles , put tan =t
2
a .cos x  b .sin x  c d
(xi)   .cos x  m .sin x  n
dx . Express Nr  A(Dr) + B
dx
(Dr) + c & proceed .

x 2 1 x 2 1
(xii)  x 4  K x 2 1
dx OR  x 4  K x 2 1
dx where K is any constant .

Hint : Divide Nr & Dr by x² & proceed .


dx dx
(xiii)  &  ; put px + q = t2 .
(ax  b) px  q  2
ax  bx  c  px  q

dx 1 dx 1
(xiv)  , put ax + b = ;  , put x =
t t
(ax  b ) px 2  qx  r ax 2
 bx  c  2
px  qx  r

x
(xv)  x
dx or  x      x ; put x =  cos2  +  sin2 

x
 x
dx or   x     x   ; put x =  sec2   tan2 

dx
 ; put x  = t2 or x  = t2 .
 x     x  

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
DEFINITE INTEGRAL
b

1.  f(x) dx = F(b)  F(a) where  f(x) dx = F(x) + c


a

VERY IMPORTANT NOTE : If  f(x) dx = 0  then the equation f(x) = 0 has atleast one
a

root lying in (a , b) provided f is a continuous function in (a , b) .


2. PROPERTIES OF DEFINITE INTEGRAL :
b b b a

P1  f(x) dx =  f(t) dt provided f is same P2  f(x) dx =   f(x) dx


a a a b

b c b

P3  f(x) dx =  f(x) dx +  f(x) dx , where c may lie inside or outside the interval [a, b] . This property
a a c

to be used when f is piecewise continuous in (a, b) .


a

P4  f(x) dx = 0 if f(x) is an odd function i.e. f(x) =  f(x) .


a

= 2  f(x) dx if f(x) is an even function i.e. f(x) = f(x) .


0

b b a a

P5  f(x) dx =  f(a + b  x) dx , In particular  f(x) dx =  f(a  x)dx


a a 0 0

2a a a a

P6  f(x) dx =  f(x) dx +  f(2a  x) dx = 2  f(x) dx if f(2a  x) = f(x)


0 0 0 0

=0 if f(2a  x) =  f(x)
na a

P7  f(x) dx = n  f(x) dx ; where‘a’is the period of the function i.e. f(a + x) = f(x)
0 0

b  nT b
P8  f(x) dx =  f(x) dx where f(x) is periodic with period T & n  I .
a  nT a

na a
P9  f(x) dx = (n  m)  f(x) dx if f(x) is periodic with period 'a' .
ma 0

b b

P10 If f(x)  (x) for a  x  b then  f(x) dx    (x) dx


a a

b b

P11  f ( x )d x
a
  f(x)dx .
a

P12 If f(x)  0 on the interval [a, b] , then  f(x) dx  0.


a

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
3. WALLI’S FORMULA :
/ 2

 sinnx . cosmx dx = (n1)(n3)(n5)....1or2(m1)(m3)....1or2 K


0 (mn )(mn2)(mn4)....1or2

Where K = if both m and n are even (m, n  N) ;
2
= 1 otherwise

4. DERIVATIVE OF ANTIDERIVATIVE FUNCTION :


If h(x) & g(x) are differentiable functions of x then ,
h( x)
d
 f(t) dt = f [h (x)] . h(x)  f [g (x)] . g(x)
dx g( x )

5. DEFINITE INTEGRAL AS LIMIT OF A SUM :


b

 f(x) dx = Limit
n h [f (a) + f (a + h) + f (a + 2h) + ..... + f  a  n 1 h ]
a

n 1
= Limit
h 0 h  f (a + rh) where b  a = nh
r0

n 1 1
If a = 0 & b = 1 then , Limit
n   h  f (rh) =  f(x) dx ; where nh = 1 OR
r0 0

1
Limit  1  n 1 f  r  =  f(x) dx .
n 
 n  r1  n  0

6. ESTIMATION OF DEFINITE INTEGRAL :


b

(i) For a monotonic decreasing function in (a , b) ; f(b).(b  a) <  f(x) dx < f(a).(b  a) &
a

(ii) For a monotonic increasing function in (a , b) ; f(a).(b  a) <  f(x) dx < f(b).(b  a)
a

7. SOME IMPORTANT EXPANSIONS :


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
(i) 1     .....   ln 2 (ii)     .....  
2 3 4 5 12 22 32 42 6

1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2
(iii)     .....   (iv)     .....  
12 2 2 3 2 4 2 12 12 3 2 5 2 7 2 8

1 1 1 1 2
(v)     .....  
22 42 62 82 24

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
EXERCISE–I
tan 2 5 x 4  4 x5 cos 2 x
 d
Q.1
cos 6   sin 6 
Q.2 
x 5
 x1 
2 dx Q.3  1  tan x dx
 sin x  sin 3x  sin 5x  sin 7 x  sin 9x  sin 11x  sin 13x  sin 15x 
Q.4   cos x  cos 3x  cos 5x  cos 7 x  cos 9x  cos11x  cos13x  cos15x  dx
 1 x 
ln  ln    x  x  e  x 
  1  x   dx Q.6   e    x   nx dx
cos   sin 
Q.5  1 x2  
Q.7  cos 2. ln cos   sin  d
a 2 sin 2 x  b 2 cos2 x dx x3  x 1
Q.8  a 4 sin 2 x  b 4 cos2 x
dx Q.9   2 Q.10  4
x  x2 1
dx
x  x (1  x )
sin (x  a ) dx cot x dx
Q.11  sin (x  a )
Q.12  (sin x)11/3 (cos x)1/3dx Q.13  (1 sin x ) (sec x 1)

Q.14  sin1
x
dx Q.15  

 x 2 1 ln x 2 1  2ln x   dx Q.16  x 1
dx
ax 

x4 
 
x 1 x e x 2

f ( x ) dx
Q.17 Let f (x) is a quadratic function such that f (0) = 1 and  2 is a rational function, find the value
x (x  1)3
of f ' (0).
1
Q.18 Integrate f  (x) w.r.t. x4, where f (x) = tan1x + ln 1 x  ln 1 x
2

( x  1)dx dx x2  x
Q.19  Q.20  Q.21  x dx
x ( 3 x  1) sin x2 cos 3 x2 (e  x  1) 2

cosec x  cot x secx cosx sinx dx


.
Q.22  cos ec x  cot x 1 2secx dx Q.23  79sin2x
dx Q.24  secx cos ecx
dx

dx dx dx
Q.25  sin xsecx Q.26  x x x Q.27  sin 3 x sin( x  )
cot ·cot ·cot
2 3 6

x2 34sin x  2cosx
Q.28  ( x cos x  sin x)(x sin x  cos x ) dx Q.29  3 2sin x cosx
dx

x 5  3x 4  x 3  8x 2  x  8 sin 4 x  cos 4 x  
Q.30  dx Q.31  dx , x   0, 
x2 1 sin 3 x cos x  2

3x 2  1 e cos x ( x sin 3 x  cos x ) (ax 2  b) dx


Q.32  ( x 2  1)3 dx Q.33  sin 2 x
dx Q.34  x c2 x 2  (ax 2  b)2


e x 2 x 2  x x ln x
Q.35  (1 x ) 1 x 2
dx Q.36  (7 x  10  x ) 2 32 dx Q.37  x 2 13 / 2 dx

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration

(1  sin x )( 2  sin x ) cot x  tan x


Q.38  dx Q.39  dx
(1  sin x )( 2  sin x ) 1  3 sin 2 x

4 x 5  7 x 4  8x 3  2 x 2  4 x  7 dx dx
Q.40  dx  cos3 x  sin 3 x
x 2 ( x 2  1) 2
Q.41  (x  ) ( x   )( x  )
Q.42

cos 2 x (1  x 2 )dx
Q.43  sin x
dx Q.44 
1  2 x 2 cos   x 4
(0, )
Match the Column:
Q.45 Column-I Column-II
 ( x 2  1)  x 4  1 
x 4 1  
(A)  x2 dx (P) ln   +C
x4  x2 1 x
 

x2 1 1  x 4  1  2x 
(B) x dx (Q) C– ln  
1 x4 2   2
( x  1) 

 1 
1 x2  1  1 
(C)  (1  x 2 ) dx (R) C– tan–1  4 
1 x4  x 

1 x4  x2 1
(D)  dx (S) +C
x
(1  x 4 ) 1 x4  x2

EXERCISE–II
1
ln tan 1 x
Q.1 Evaluate: e ·sin 1 (cos x ) dx .
0
Q.2 Prove that
 
 2  x  dx =    

(a) 

( x   ) (  x ) dx =
8
(b) 
  x 2
 
dx  x .d x 
(c)  = where  ,  > 0 (d)  =     where  < 
 x ( x   ) (  x )  
( x   ) (  x ) 2
e
Q.3 (a) Evaluate In =  (lnn x)dx hence find I3.
1 1
(b) Determine a positive integer n  5, such that x (x  1)n dx = 16  6e.
e
2 0 e

 1  x e 
x x x
Q.4 Evaluate: (a)  e cos(sin x ) cos  sin(sin x ) sin 2
2
 dx (b)
x
 (1  x )e  x ·ln x dx
0  2 2 1
 2  
x x dx dx
Q.5 If P =  dx ; Q =  and R =  then prove that
0
1 x4 0
1 x4 0
1 x4
 
(a) Q= , (b) P = R, (c) P– 2 Q+R= 2 2
4

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
2
(x 2  1) dx u (1000)u
Q.6  x3 · 2x  2 x  1 v4 2 =
where u and v are in their lowest form. Find the value of
v
.
1
d
Q.7 Let h (x) = (fog) (x) + K where K is any constant. If h ( x )  = – sin
2
x
then compute the
dx cos (cos x )
f (x )
f (t )
value of j (0) where j (x) =  dt , where f and g are trigonometric functions.
g( x)
g(t)

dx 
Q.8 For a  2, if the value of the definite integral  a 2  x  (1 x ) 2 equals
5050
. Find the value of a.
0
Q.9 If a1, a2 and a3 are the three values of a which satisfy the equation
2 2
3 4a
 (sin x  a cos x) dx –   2  x cos x dx =2
0 0
then find the value of 1000( a12  a 22  a 32 ).
4 2 4 2
 cos x   sin x  cos x  v
Q.10 Let u =    dx and v =    dx . Find the value of .
 sin x  cos x   cos x  u
0 0

π
2 2
1  sin 2 x x2  x
Q.11  dx Q.12  dx
0 1  sin 2 x 2 x2  4
2 / 4
2x 7 3x 6 10x 5 7x 3 12x 2 x1 x dx
Q.13  dx Q.14 
 2 x 2 2 0 cos x (cos x  sin x)

1 5
1 1
sin x 2
x2 1  1
Q.15  x 2  x  1 dx Q.16  4 2
ln 1  x   dx
0 1 x  x 1  x

1n
2
Q.17 Lim n
n
 (2007 sin x  2008 cos x) | x | dx .
1 n

Q.18 Find the value of the definite integral  2 sin x  2 cos x dx .
0


 
Q.19 If  (cos x  cos 2 x  cos 3x ) 2  (sin x  sin 2 x  sin 3x ) 2 dx has the value equal to   w 
0 k 
where k and w are positive integers find the value of (k2 + w2).
1 / 2 1
1 x dx a sin x  b cos x x 2 .ln x
Q.20 
0
.
1 x x  x 2  x 3
Q.21 0
sin  4  x 
dx Q.22 
0 1 x 2
dx

3
(sin 3   cos3   cos 2 )(sin   cos   cos 2 ) 2007 (a  b ) n  (1  c ) n
Q.23 If `  d  =
4 (sin ) 2009 (cos ) 2009 d
where a, b, c and d are all positive integers. Find the value (a + b + c + d).

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
3
1 2x 
(ax  b)sec x tan x

( 2x  3) sin x
Q.24  sin 1 x2
dx Q.25  4  tan 2 x
dx (a,b>0) Q.26  dx
0 0
0 (1  cos 2 x )
n

 x  1·x   
2
Q.27 Let In =  2  x 2  2 x 3  4 dx where { } denotes the fractional part of x. Find I1.
n
16 2
dx
Q.28  tan 1
x 1 dx Q.29  2  sin 2x
1 0
ln 3
a 2
ln (1  ax ) 2
ex  1 x 2 sin x
Q.30  1  x 2 dx , aN Q.31  dx Q.32  8  sin 2 x dx
0 0 e2x  1 0
1
Q.33 Let ,  be the distinct positive roots of the equation tan x = 2x then evaluate  (sin  x ·sin  x ) dx ,
independent of  and . 0
p  q
 
Q.34 Show that  | cos x| dx = 2q + sin p where q  N &  p
0
2 2
5 2/3
2
( x 5 ) 2
Q.35 Show that the sum of the two integrals e dx + 3  e 9( x  2 3) dx is zero.
4 1/ 3

x sin 3 x
Q.36 If  2
dx =  1  a ln b  where a and b are prime and c  N, find the value of (a + b + c).
0 4  cos x  c 
a 2 b2
/ 2 2
 1sin x  1sin x  x.dx
Q.37  tan1   dx Q.38

0  1 sin x  1sin x  ( x 2  a 2 ) (b 2  x 2 )
2 2
3a  b
2 1
Q.39 Comment upon the nature of roots of the quadratic equation x2 + 2x = k +  | t  k | dt depending on the
value of k  R. 0
1
x 2 sin 2x.sin  2 .cosx 

( 2 x 332  x 998  4 x1668 ·sin x 691 )
Q.40 Evaluate :  666
dx Q.41  dx
1 1  x 0 2x 
 1
dx dx
Q.42 (a) Show that  2
=2  2
0 x  2x cos  1 0 x  2x cos  1

tan 1 x
(b) Evaluate: f () =  2 dx ,   (0, )
0 x  2 x cos   1

1 n 1  k 1 
Q.43 Evaluate: Lim
n n2
 k  ( x  k)(k  1  x) dx 
 k
k 0  
 
a x ln x a x dx
Q.44 Show that  f (  ). dx  ln a .  f (  ).
0 x a x 0 x a x
2
 x2
Q.45 Let y = f (x) be a quadratic function with f ' (2) = 1. Find the value of the integral  f ( x ) ·sin   dx .
2  2 

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EXERCISE–III
cos x
Q.1 If the derivative of f(x) wrt x is then show that f(x) is a periodic function .
f (x )
1
sin x dt
Q.2 Find the range of the function, f(x) =  .
1 1  2t cos x  t 2
1 1
Q.3 A function f is defined in [1 , 1] as f(x) = 2 x sin  cos ; x  0 ; f(0) = 0;
x x
f (1/) = 0. Discuss the continuity and derivability of f at x = 0.
x
Q.4 Let f(x) = [ x1 1 if  2  x  0
if 0  x  2
and g(x) =  f(t) dt. Define g (x) as a function of x and test the
2
continuity and differentiability of g(x) in (2, 2).
x
Q.5 If (x) = cos x   (x  t) (t) dt. Then find the value of (x) + (x).
0
x
1 d2y
Q.6 If y =  f ( t ) ·sin a ( x  t ) dt then prove that 2
 a 2 y = f (x).
a0 dx
x
 ln t dt dy
Q.7 If y = x 1
, find at x = e.
dx
dy
Q.8 A curve C1 is defined by: = ex cos x for x  [0, 2] and passes through the origin. Prove that the
dx
 3
roots of the function y = 0 (other than zero) occurs in the ranges < x <  and < x < 2.
x
2 2
f  (x)
Q.9(a) Let g(x) = xc . e2x & let f(x) =  e2t . (3 t2 + 1)1/2 dt . For a certain value of 'c', the limit of
0 g (x)
as x  is finite and non zero. Determine the value of 'c' and the limit.
x
t2 d t
 at
(b) Find the constants 'a' (a > 0) and 'b' such that, Lim 0 = 1.
x 0 b x  sin x
3 x
d 3t 4  1
Q.10 Evaluate: Lim  dt
x  dx
1 ( t  3)(t 2  3)
2 sin
x 1
ax  b 5
Q.11 Determine a pair of number a and b for which  ( x 2  3x  2) 2 dx = 2 .
0

n t  n 2
Q.12 If  2
x t 2
dt =
4
(x>0) then show that there can be two integral values of ‘x’ satisfying this equation.
0
a
4 1x
 sin
1

x dx
x

 (where b  a)
Q.13 (a) Evaluate: Lim 0
(b) Lim
  by  a (1  y )  dy

a  a x 0
0 
Q.14 Let a, b are real number such that a + b = 1 then find the minimum value of the integral

2
 (a sin x  b sin 2 x ) dx .
0

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Q.15 Find a positive real valued continuously differentiable functions f on the real line such that for all x
x

f 2(x) =
  f (t)   f ' (t) dt + e
0
2 2 2

x [x ]
Q.16 Let f(x) be a continuously differentiable function then prove that,  [t] f  (t) dt = [x]. f(x)   f (k )
1 k 1
where [. ] denotes the greatest integer function and x > 1.
x 1
Q.17 Let F (x) =  4  t 2 dt and G (x) =  4  t 2 dt then compute the value of (FG)' (0) where dash
1 x
denotes the derivative.
Q.18 Show that for a continuously thrice differentiable function f(x)
f (0). x 2 1x 2
f(x)  f(0) = xf(0) + +  f ( t )(x  t ) dt
2 20

1/n
 1  22  2   2  1  1 2 3n 
Q.19 Evaluate: (a) Lim   1  2   1  2  1 3  .....  1 n  ; (b) Lim    .....  
n n  n  n2   n2  n n  n  1 n2 4 n
      
1/ n
Q.20 (a) Lim  n! 
n  n n 

(3n )! P
(b) Let Pn = n (n = 1, 2, 3........) then find Lim n .
(2n )! n  n

Q.21 Let f be an injective function such that f(x) f(y) + 2 = f(x) + f(y) + f(xy) for all non negative real
x & y with f  (0) = 0 & f  (1) = 2  f(0) . Find f(x) & show that, 3  f(x) dx  x (f(x) + 2) is a constant.

2
ln t
Q.22 Let I =  1  t n dt , find the sign of the integral for different values of n  N  {0}.
12

Q.23 Let f be a function such that f(u)  f(v) u  v for all real u & v in an interval [a, b] . Then:
(i) Prove that f is continuous at each point of [a, b] .
b
( b  a )2
(ii) Assume that f is integrable on [a, b]. Prove that,  f (x) dx  (b  a ) f ( c)  , where a c b
a
2
n m
1 1
Q.24 Prove that  ( 1)k
k0
 nk  k m1
=  ( 1)k  m
k0 k k n1

Q.25 Let f and g be function that are differentiable for all real numbers x and that have the following
properties:
(i) f ' (x) = f (x) – g (x) ; (ii) g ' (x) = g (x) – f (x)
(iii) f (0) = 5 ; (iv) g (0) = 1
(a) Prove that f (x) + g (x) = 6 for all x.
(b) Find f (x) and g (x).
1
Q.26 If f(x) = x +  (xy2 + x2y) f(y) dy where x and y are independent variable. Find f(x).
0

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
sin 2 k x
Q.27 Prove that sin x + sin 3x + sin 5x + .... + sin (2k  1) x = , k  N and hence
sin x
/ 2
sin 2 k x 1 1 1 1
prove that ,  sin x
dx = 1     ......  .
0 3 5 7 2k1
/ 2
sin 2 n x
Q.28 If Un=  sin 2 x
dx , then show that U1, U2, U3, ....., Un constitute an AP..
0
Hence or otherwise find the value of Un.

Q.29 Suppose f : R  R+ be a differentiable function and satisfies 3 f (x + y) = f (x) · f (y)


3
  1 
for all x, y  R with f (1) = 6. If U = Lim n f 1    f (1)  and V =  f ( x ) dx then find
n   n  0
(a) the range of f (x); (b) the value of U ; (c) the value of the product UV

Q.30 Prove the inequalities:


1
 dx  2 2
x 2 x
(a)
6
< 0 4x x 2 3

8
(b) 2 e1/4 < e dx < 2e².
0

1 2
1 (sin x  cos x ) 2 dx
(c) < x dx < 1 1
(d)   2  x2 
5
3 0 2 2 0 6

EXERCISE–IV
Q. 1
(a) If for all real number y, [y] is the greatest integer less than or equal to y, then the value of the integral
3  /2

 [2 sin x] dx is [JEE '99, 2+2+7+3]


 /2

 
(A) – (B) 0 (C) – (D)
2 2
3 /4
dx
(b)  1  cos x
is equal to
 /4

1 1
(A) 2 (B) –2 (C) (D) –
2 2
x 3  3x  2
(c) Integrate :  (x 2  1)2 (x  1) dx

ecos x
(d) Integrate :  cos x  cos x dx
0
e e
 /6
3cos 2x  1
Q. 2 Evaluate the integral  dx [JEE '99, 6]
0
cos x

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
e2
loge x
Q.3 (a) The value of the integral 1 d x is :
e
x
(A) 3/2 (B) 5/2 (C) 3 (D) 5
x
1 1
(b) Let g (x) =  f (t) d t , where f is such that  f (t)  1 for t  (0, 1] and 0  f (t) 
0 2 2
for t  (1, 2]. Then g (2) satisfies the inequality :
3 1 3 5
(A)   g (2) < (B) 0  g (2) < 2 (C) < g (2)  (D) 2 < g (2) < 4
2 2 2 2
e cos x . sin x for | x |  2 3
(c) If f (x) = {2 otherwise
. Then  f (x)d x :
2
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3
x
n t
(d) For x > 0, let f (x) =  1 t
dt. Find the function f (x) + f (1/x) and show that,
1
f (e) + f (1/e) = 1/2 . [JEE 2000, 1 + 1 + 1 + 5]
1 1 1
Q.4 (a) Sn = + + ........ + . Find Limit
n
Sn .
1 n 2  2n n n2
1
sin t
4
sin 2t
(b) Given  d t =  , find the value of  d t in terms of  .
0 1 t 4  2 42t
[ REE 2000, Mains, 3 + 3 out of 100]
 2x  2 
Q.5 Evaluate  sin 1   dx .
 4x 2  8x  13 
 /2 
cos9 x xdx
Q.6 (a) Evaluate  cos3 x  sin 3 x
dx . (b) Evaluate  1 cos  sin x
0 0
[ REE 2001, 3 + 5]
x

Q.7 (a) Let f(x) =  2  t 2 dt . Then the real roots of the equation x2 – f (x) = 0 are
1

1 1
(A) +1 (B) + (C) + (D) 0 and 1
2 2
(b) Let T > 0 be a fixed real number. Suppose f is a continuous function such that for all x R
T 3 3 T

f (x + T) = f (x). If I =  f(x) dx then the value of  f(2x) dx is


0 3

3
(A) I (B) 2 I (C) 3 I (D) 6 I
2 1
2
 1  x
(c) The integral   [x]  ln   dx equals, where [ ] denotes greatest integer function
1
 1  x

2
1  1
(A) – (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) 2ln  
2  2
[JEE 2002(Scr.), 3+3+3]
(d) For any natural number m, evaluate
1

 x  2x 
3m
 x 2m  x m 2m
 3x m  6 m dx, where x  0 , where x > 0 [JEE 2002 (Mains),4]

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
2 4
Q.8 If f is an even function then prove that  f (cos2x) cosx dx = 2  f (sin2x) cosx dx
0 0
[JEE 2003,(Mains) 2 out of 60]
1
1 x
Q.9 (a)  dx =
0
1 x
 
(A)  1 (B) 1 (C)  (D) 1
2 2
t2  4 
2
(b) If  x f ( x ) dx  5 t
5
, t > 0, then f   =
 25 
0
(A) 2/5 (B) 5/2 (C) – 2/5 (D) 1
[JEE 2004, (Scr.)]
x2
cos x. cos  dy
(c) If yx    2
.d  then find at x = . [JEE 2004 (Mains), 2]
2 1  sin  dx
 / 16

/3
  4x 3
(d) Evaluate  dx . [JEE 2004 (Mains), 4]
 
  / 3 2  cos | x |  

 3

1
2  1 
Q.10 (a) If  t f (t ) dt = (1 – sin x), then f 
 3
 is [JEE 2005 (Scr.)]
sin x
(A) 1/3 (B) 1 3 (C) 3 (D) 3
0

 x 
3
(b)  3x 2  3x  3  ( x  1) cos( x  1) dx is equal to [JEE 2005 (Scr.)]
2
(A) – 4 (B) 0 (C) 4 (D) 6

 1  1 
(c) Evaluate:  e|cos x|  2 sin  cos x   3 cos cos x   sin x dx . [JEE 2005, Mains,2]
0  2  2 

x 2 1
Q.11  x3 dx is equal to
2x 4  2x 2  1

2x 4  2 x 2  1 2x 4  2 x 2  1
(A) +C (B) +C
x2 x3

2x 4  2 x 2  1 2x 4  2 x 2  1
(C) +C (D) +C [JEE 2006, 3]
x 2x 2
COMPREHENSION:
b
ba
Q.12 Suppose we define the definite integral using the following formula  f x  dx  f (a )  f (b) , for
a
2
ca ab
more accurate result for c  (a, b) F(c) = f (a )  f (c)   b  c f (b)  f (c) . When c = ,
2 2 2

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
b
ba
 f x  dx  4
(f (a )  f (b)  2f (c))
a
/2
(a)  sin x dx is equal to
0
   
(A)
8
1 2  (B)
4

1 2  (C)
8 2
(D)
4 2
t
t a
 f ( x ) dx  f ( t )  f (a ) 
2
(b) If f (x) is a polynomial and if Lim a  0 for all a then the degree of f (x)
can atmost be t a t  a 3
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4
(c) If f ''(x) < 0,  x  (a, b) and c is a point such that a < c < b, and (c, f (c) ) is the point lying on the curve
for which F(c) is maximum, then f '(c) is equal to
f b   f a  2f b   f a  2f b   f a 
(A) (B) (C) (D) 0
ba ba 2b  a
[JEE 2006, 5 marks each]
1
5050  1  x  
50 100
dx
Q.13 Find the value of 0 [JEE 2006, 6]
1

 1  x 
50 101
dx
2
sec x 0

 f ( t ) dt
Q.14(a) Lim 2 equals
x
 2
4 x2 
8 16 2 2 1
(A) f ( 2 ) (B) f ( 2) (C) f  (D) 4 f (2)
   2
x
(b) Let f (x) = f o f o......o f  ( x ) . Then  x n  2 g ( x ) dx equals
for n  2 and g (x) = 
(1  x n )1 n 
f occurs n times

1 1
1 1 1 1
(A) (1  nx n ) n  K (B) (1  nx n ) n  K
n (n  1) (n  1)
1 1
1 1 1 1
(C) (1  nx n ) n  K (D) (1  nx n ) n  K
n (n  1) (n  1)
2
(c) Let F (x) be an indefinite integral of sin x.
Statement-1: The function F (x) satisfies F (x + ) = F (x) for all real x.
because
Statement-2: sin2(x + ) = sin2x for all real x.
(A) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is a correct explanation for statement-1.
(B) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for statement-1.
(C) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false.
(D) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true.

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
MATCH THE COLUMN:
(d) Match the integrals in Column I with the values in Column II.
Column I Column II
1
dx 1  2
(A)  1 x2 (P) log 
2  3
1
1
dx 2
(B)  1 x 2
(Q) 2 log 
3
0
3
dx 
(C)  1 x2 (R)
3
2
2
dx 
(D) x 2
x 1
(S)
2
[JEE 2007, 3+3+3+6]
1

ex e x
Q.15(a) Let I =  e 4x  e 2 x  1 dx , J =  e 4x  e2x  1 dx
Then, for an arbitrary constant C, the value of J – I equals

1  e 4 x  e 2 x  1  1  e 2 x  e x  1 
(A) 2 ln 4 x 2x  +C (B) 2 ln 2 x x  +C
 e  e 1  e  e 1

1  e 2 x  e x  1  1  e 4 x  e 2x  1 
(C) 2 ln 2 x x  +C (D) 2 ln 4 x 2 x  + C [JEE 2008, 3 (–1)]
 e  e 1  e  e 1
n n 1
n n
(b) Let Sn =  n  kn  k 2
2 and Tn =  2 2 , for n = 1, 2, 3, ....... Then,
k 1 k  0 n  kn  k
   
(A) Sn < (B) Sn > (C) Tn < (D) Tn> [JEE 2008, 4]
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
x x
2
Q.16(a) Let f be a non–negative function defined on the interval [0,1]. If  1  (f (t )) dt =  f ( t ) dt , 0  x  1,
0 0
and f(0) = 0, then [JEE 2009
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
(A) f    and f    (B) f    and f   
2 2 3 3 2 2 3 3
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
(C) f    and f    (D) f    and f   
2 2 3 3 2 2 3 3

sin nx
Q. 17 If I n   (1  x ) sin x dx, n  0,1, 2, .........., then [JEE 2009

10 10
(A) In = In+2 (B)  I 2m 1  10 (C)  I 2m  0 (D) In = In+1
m 1 m 1
x
Q. 18 Let f : R  R be a continuous function which satisfies f ( x )   f ( t )dt. Then the value of f (ln 5) is
0
[JEE 2009]

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
1
1 t ln(1  t)
Q. 19 The value of lim 3  4 dt is [JEE 2010]
x 0 x
0
t 4

1 1 1
(A) 0 (B) (C) (D)
12 24 64

1
x 4 (1  x)4
Q. 20 The value(s) of  2
dx is(are) [JEE 2010]
0
1  x

22 2 71 3
(A) – (B) (C) 0 (D) 
7 105 15 2

x
Q. 21 Let f be a real-valued function defined on the interval (0, ) by f(x) = ln x +  1  sin t dt . Then which
0

of the following statement(s) is(are) true ? [JEE 2010]


(A) f ''(x) exists for all x  (0, )
(B) f '(x) exists for all x  (0, ) and f ' is continuous on (0, ), but not differentiable on (0, )
(C) there exists > 1 such that |f '(x)| < |f(x)| for all x  ()
(D) there exists  > 0 such that |f(x)| + |f '(x)|  for all x  ()

Q. 22 For any real number x, let [x] denote the largest integer less than or equal to x. Let f be a real valued
function defined on the interval [–10, 10] by [JEE 2010]
 x  [x], if [x]is odd
f(x) = 
1  [x]  x if [x]is even
10
2
10 10
Then the value of f(x) cos x dx is

x
Q. 23 Let f be a real-valued function defined on the interval (–1, 1) such that e–xf(x) = 2 +  t 4  1 dt, for all
0
x  (–1, 1) and let f–1 be the inverse function of f. Then (f–1)' (2) is equal to [JEE 2010]
(A) 1 (B) 1/3 (C) 1/2 (D) 1/e

ln 3
x sin x 2
Q. 24 The value of  dx is : [JEE 2011]
ln 2
sin x 2  sin(ln 6  x) 2

1 3 1 3 3 1 3
(A) ln (B) ln (C) ln (D) ln
4 2 2 2 2 6 2

Q. 25 Let f : [–1, 2]  [0, ) be a continuous function such that f(x) = f(1 – x) for all x  [–1, 2].
2
Let R1 =  xf(x)dx, and R2 be the area of the region bounded by y = f(x), x = –1, x = 2, and the x-axis.
1

Then
(A) R1 = 2R2 (B) R1 = 3R2 (C) 2R1 = R2 (D) 3R1 = R2

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
x
Q. 26 Let f : [1, ]  [2, ) be a differentiable function such that f(1) = 2. If 6  f(t)dt = 3xf(x) – x3 for all
1

x  1, then the value of f(2) is [JEE 2011]

sec 2 x
Q. 27 The integral  dx equals (for some arbitrary constant K) [JEE 2012]
(sec x  tan x)9/2

1 1 1 
(A)  11/2 
 (sec x  tan x) 2   K
(sec x  tan x) 11 7 
1 1 1 
(B) 11/2 
 (sec x  tan x)2   K
(sec x  tan x) 11 7 
1 1 1 
(C)  11/2 
 (sec x  tan x)2   K
(sec x  tan x) 11 7 
1 1 1 
(D) 11/2 
 (sec x  tan x)2   K
(sec x  tan x) 11 7 

 /2
 2 x
Q. 28 The value of the integral   x  ln   x  cos x dx is [JEE 2012]
 /2  

2 2 2
(A) 0 (B) 4 (C) 4 (D)
2 2 2

Q. 29 If  f(x)dx = (x), then  x5f(x3)dx is equal to : [JEE Main 2013]

1 3 1 3
(A) x  (x 3 )   x 3 (x 3 )dx   C (B) x  (x 3 )   x 2 (x 3 )dx   C
3   3  
1 3 1 3
(C) x (x3) – 3  x3(x3)dx + C (D) x (x3) –  x2(x3)dx + C
3 3


3
dx 
Q. 30 Statement-1 : The value of the integral  1  tan x
is equal to
6
[JEE Main 2013]
6

b b
Statement-1 :  f(x)dx =  f(a + b – x)dx
a a
(A) Statement-1 : is false ; Statement-2 is true ;
(B) Statement-1 : is true ; Statement-2 is true ; Statement-2 : is a correct explanation for Statement-1
(C) Statement-1 : is true ; Statement-2 is true ; Statement-2 : is a not a correct explanation for Statement-1
(D) Statement-1 : is true ; Statement-2 is false ;

1 
Q. 31 Let f :  , 1  R (the set of all real numbers) be a positive, non-constant and differentiable function
2 

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
1
1
such that f '(x) < 2f(x) and f   = 1. Then the value of  f(x)dx lies in the interval [JEE Adv. 2013]
2 1/2

 e 1   e 1 
(A) (2e – 1, 2e) (B) (e –1, 2e – 1) (C)  , e  1 (D)  0, 
 2   2 

Q. 32 For a  R (the set of all real numbers), a 1, [JEE Adv. 2013]
(1a  2a  .....  n a ) 1
lim a 1
 Then a =
n  (n  1) [(na  1)  (na  2)  ....  (na  n)] 60
15 17
(A) 5 (B) 7 (C) (D)
2 2
1
1 x
Q. 33 The integral   1  x   e x dx is equal to [JEE Main 2014]
 x
1 1 1 1
x x x x
x
(A)  x e c (B) (x – 1) e x +c (C) x e x c (D) (x + 1) e x c

x
x x
Q. 34 The integral  1  4sin 2 x  4sin dx equals : [JEE Main 2014]
0
2 2

 2
(A) 4 3  4  (B)  – 4 (C) 44 3 (D) 4 3  4
3 3

Q. 35 Let f : [a, b][1, ) be a continuous function and let g : R  R be defined as

 0 if x  a

 x
g(x) =  a f (t)dt if a  x  b [JEE Adv. 2014]
 b
 if x  b
 a f (t)dt
Then
(A) g(x) is continuous but not differentiable at a
(B) g(x) is differentiable on R
(C) g(x) is continuous but not differentiable at b
(D) g(x) is continuous and differentiable at either a or b but not both

1  d2 
Q. 36 The value of  4x 3  2 (1  x 2 )x 5  dx is [JEE Adv. 2014]
 dx
0


2
Q. 37 The following integral 17 dx
 (2 cosec x) is equal to [JEE Adv. 2014]

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
log(1 2 ) log(1 2 )
(A)  2(eu + e–u)16 du (B)  (eu + e–u)17 du
0 0

log(1 2 ) log(1 2 )
(C)  (eu – e–u)17 du (D)  2(eu – e–u)16 du
0 0

Q. 38 Let f : [0, 2]  R be a function which is continuous on [0, 2] and is differentiable on (0, 2) with f(0) = 1.
x2
Let F(x) =  f( t )dt for x  [0, 2]. If F'(x) = f '(x) for all x  (0, 2), then F(2) equals
0

(A) e2 – 1 (B) e4 – 1 (C) e – 1 (D) e4 [JEE Adv. 2014]

Comprehension (Q. 39 to Q. 40)


Given that for each a  (0, 1) [JEE Adv. 2014]
1 h
lim
h 0
 t–a(1 – t)a–1 dt
h

exists. Let this limit be g(a). In addition, it is given that the function g(a) is differentiable on (0, 1).


Q. 39 The value of g   is :
2
 
(A)  (B) 2 (C) (D)
2 4


Q. 40 The value of g'   is :
2
 
(A) (B)  (C) – (D) 0
2 2

Q. 41 List-I List-II [JEE Adv. 2014]


(P) The number of polynomials f(x) with non-negative (1) 8
integer coefficients of degree  2, satisfying f(0) = 0
1
and  f(x) dx = 1, is
0

(Q) The number of points in the interval [  13, 13] at (2) 2


which f(x) = sin(x2) + cos(x2) attains its maximum value is
2
3x 2
(R)  (1  ex ) dx equals (3) 4
2

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration

1 
2  1  x  
  cos 2x log   dx 
 1  1  x  
(S)  2  equals (4) 0
1
 
2 1 x  
  cos 2x log   dx 
0  1 x  
 

Code :
P Q R S
(A) 3 2 4 1
(B) 2 3 4 1
(C) 3 2 1 4
(D) 2 3 1 4

dx
Q. 42 The integral  equals [JEE Main 2015]
x (x 4  1)3/4
2

1/4 1/4
 x4 1   x4 1
(A)   4   c (B)  4   c
 x   x 
(C) (x4 + 1)1/4 + c (D) – (x4 + 1)1/4 + c

4
log x 2
Q. 43 The integral  2 2
dx is equal to [JEE Main 2015]
2
log x  log(36  12x  x )
(A) 6 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 1

Q. 44 The option(s) with the values of a and L that satisfy the following equation is(are)
4
t 6
 e (sin at  cos 4 at) dt
0

L ? [JEE Adv. 2015]
t 6 4
 e (sin at  cos at) dt
0

e4  1 e4  1
(A) a = 2, L =  (B) a = 2, L = 
e 1 e 1
e4  1 e4  1
(C) a = 4, L = (D) a = 4, L =
e  1 e  1

  
Q. 45 Let f(x) = 7 tan8 x + 7 tan6 x – 3 tan4 x – 3 tan2 x for all x    ,  . Then the correct expression(s)
 2 2
is(are) ? [JEE Adv. 2015]

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
 /4  /4
1
(A)  xf (x)dx  (B)  f (x)dx  0
0
12 0

 /4  /4
1
(C)  xf (x)dx  (D)  f (x)dx  1
0
6 0

1
192x 3 1
Q. 46 Let f '(x) = for all x  R with f   = 0. If m   f(x) dx  M, then the possible values of
2  sin 4 x 2 1/ 2

m and M are [JEE Adv. 2015]


1 1
(A) m = 13, M = 24 (B) m = ,M=
4 2
(C) m = –11, M = 0 (D) m = 1, M = 12

Paragraph for question no. 47 to 48


Let F : R  R be a thirce differentiable function. Suppose that F(1) = 0, F(3) = –4 and F'(x) < 0 for all
x (1/2, 3). Let f(x) = xF(x) for all x  R [JEE Adv. 2015]

Q. 47 The correct statement(s) is(are) ?


(A) f '(1) < 0 (B) f(2) < 0
(C) f '(x) 0 for any x  (1, 3) (D) f '(x) = 0 for some x  (1, 3)

3 3
Q. 48 If  x2F'(x)dx = –12 and  x3F''(x)dx = 40, then the correct expression(s) is(are)
1 1

3
(A) 9f '(3) + f '(1) – 32 = 0 (B)  f(x) dx = 12
1

3
(C) 9f '(3) – f '(1) + 32 = 0 (D)  f(x)dx = –12
1

1
1  12  9x 2 
Q. 49 If  =  (e9x 3tan x
) 2 
dx [JEE Adv. 2015]
0  1  x 
 3 
where tan–1 x takes only principal values, then the value of  log e |1   |   is
 4 

1
Q. 50 Let f : R R be a continuous odd function, which vanishes exactly at one point and f(1) = . Suppose
2
x x
F(x) 1
that F(x) =  f(t)dt for all x  [–1, 2] and G(x) =  t|f(f(t))| dt for all x  [–1, 2]. If lim
x 1 G(x)
 , then
14
1 1

1
the value of f   is [JEE Adv. 2015]
2

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
2x12  5x 9
Q. 51 The integral  dx is equal to : [JEE Main 2016]
(x 5  x 3  1)3

x5 x10
(A) 5 C (B) C
(x  x 3  1)2 2(x 5  x 3  1) 2

x5  x10
(C) C (D) C
2(x 5  x 3  1) 2 2(x 5  x 3  1) 2

1/n
 (n  1)(n  2).....3n 
Q. 52 nlim   is equal to [JEE Main 2016]
  n 2n 
18 27 9
(A) (B) (C) (D) 3 log3 – 2
e4 e2 e2


2
x 2 cos x
Q. 53 The value of  1  ex dx is equal to [JEE Adv. 2016]

2

 
2 2
(A) 2 (B) 2 (C) 2 – e2 (D) 2 + e2
4 4

x
 n n n
 n n (x  n)  x   .... x   
 2  n 
Q. 54 Let f(x) = lim  , for all x > 0. Then [JEE Adv. 2016]
n 
2 2  2 n   2 n2  
2
 n!(x  n )  x   .... x  2  
  4   n 

1 1 2 f '(3) f '(2)


(A) f    f(1) (B) f    f   (C) f '(2)  0 (D) 
2 2 3 f (3) f (2)

x
t2
Q. 55 The total number of distinct x  [0, 1] for which  1  t 4 dt = 2x – 1 is : [JEE Adv. 2016]
0

Q.56 Let In =  tann x dx, (n > 1). If I4 + I6 = a tan5 x + bx5 + C, where C is a constant of integration, then
the ordered pair (a, b) is equal to [JEE Mains 2017]
 1  1  1   1 
(A)   ,1 (B)  ,0  (C)  ,  1 (D)   ,0 
 5  5  5   5 

4
dx
Q.57 The integral  1  cos x is equal to [JEE Mains 2017]
4

(A) –2 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) –1


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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration

Q.58 Let f : R  R be a differentiable function such that f(0) = 0, f   = 3 and f '(0) = 1.
2

2 
If g(x) =  [f '(t) cosec t – cot t cosec t f(t)] dt. For x  (0, 2 
, then lim g(x) = [JEE Adv. 2017]
x 0
x

98 k 1 k 1
Q.59 If I =  k1 k x(x  1)
dx , then [JEE Adv. 2017]

49 49
(A) I < (B) I > (C) I < loge 99 (D) I > loge 99
50 50

sin(2x )
Q.60 If g(x) = sin x sin–1 (t) dt, then [JEE Adv. 2017]

  
(A) g '    2 (B) g '     2
2  2
  
(C) g '    2 (D) g '     2
2  2

Q.61 Let f : R  (0, 1) be a continuous function. Then, which of the following function(s) has(have) the value
zero at some point in the interval (0, 1) ? [JEE Adv. 2017]

x
(A) ex – 0 f(t) sin t dt (B) f(x) +  2 f(t) sin t dt
0


x
(C) x –  2 f(t) cos t dt (D) x9 – f(x)
0

sin 2xcos 2 x
Q.62 The integral  2
dx is equal to : [JEE Mains 2018]
sin x + cos xsin x + sin xcos x + cos x 
5 3 2 3 2 5

1 1 1 1
(A) C (B) C (C) C (D) C
1  cot 3 x 3(1  tan 3 x) 3(1  tan 3 x) 1  cot 3 x
(where C is a constant of integration)


2
sin 2 x
Q.63 The value of  1  2x dx is : [JEE Mains 2018]

2

  
(A) (B) (C) (D) 4
4 8 2

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration

1
2
1 3
Q.64 The value of the integral  1
is. [JEE Adv. 2018]
0
 (x  1) (1  x) 
2 6 4

Q. 65 Let f : [0, )  be a continuous function such that f(x) = 1 – 2x +  ex–t f(t) dt for all x  [0, ).
0

Then, which of the following statement(s) is (are) TRUE ? [JEE Adv. 2018]
(A) The curve y = f(x) passes through the point (1, 2)
(B) The curve y = f(x) passes through the point (2, –1)

2
(C) The area of the region {(x, y) [0, 1] × R : f(x)  y  1  x 2 } is
4

 1
(D) The area of the region {(x, y) [0, 1] × R : f(x)  y  1  x 2 } is
4

1
Q. 66 For each positive integer n, let yn = (n + 1)(n + 2)....(n + n)1/n [JEE Adv. 2018]
n

For x  R, let [x] be the greatest integer less than or equal to x. If lim yn = L, then the value of [L] is.
n 

2

Q.67 The value of  sin 2x(1  cos 3x) dx , where [t] denotes the greatest integer function, is :
0

[JEE Main 2019]


(A) –2 (B)  (C) – (D) 2

dx   x 1  f (x) 
Q.68 If  2 2
 A  tan 1   2   C where C is a constant of integration,
(x  2x  10)   3  x  2x  10 
then :
1 1
(A) A  and f(x) = 9(x – 1) (B) A  and f(x) = 3(x – 1) [JEE Main 2019]
27 81
1 1
(C) A  and f(x) = 9(x – 1)2 (D) A  and f(x) = 3(x – 1)
54 54

1
1 2 4
Q.69 The value of the integral  x cot (1  x  x )dx is : [JEE Main 2019]
0

 1   1 
(A)  log e 2 (B)  log e 2 (C)  log e 2 (D)  log e 2
4 2 2 2 2 4

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
f (x)
2tdt
Q.70 If f : R  R is a differentiable function and f(2) = 6, then lim 
x 2
6
(x  2) is : [JEE Main 2019]

(A) 0 (B) 2f '(2) (C) 12f '(2) (D) 24f '(2)

Q.71 If esec x (sec x tan xf(x) + (sec x tan x + sec2 x))dx = esec xf (x) + C, then a possible choice of f(x) is :
[JEE Main 2019]
(A) sec x – tan x – 1/2 (B) x sec x + tan x + 1/2
(C) sec x + x tan x – 1/2 (D) sec x + tan x + 1/2

1
dx 3
Q.72 If  3 6 2/3
 xf (x)(1  x 6 )  C [JEE Main 2019]
x (1  x )
where C is a constant of integration, then the function f(x) is equal to :
1 3 1 1
(A)  (B) (C)  (D) 
6x 3 x2 2x 2 2x 3

x x

Q.73 Let f (x)   g(t)dt . where g is a non-zero even function. If f(x + 5) = g(x), then  f (t)dt equals :
0 0

[JEE Main 2019]


5 5 x 5 x 5

(A)  g(t)dt (B) 5  g(t)dt (C)  g(t)dt (D) 2  g(t)dt


x 5 x 5 5 5


4
2  x cos x
Q.74 If f (x)  and g(x) = logex, (x > 0) then the value of integral  g(f (x))dx is :
2  x cos x 

4
[JEE Main 2019]
(A) loge 3 (B) loge2 (C) logee (D) loge1

5x
sin
2 dx
Q.75  x is equal to : where c is a constant of integration [JEE Main 2019]
sin
2
(A) 2x + sinx + 2sin2x + c (B) x + 2sinx + 2sin2x + c
(C) x + 2sinx + sin2x + c (D) 2x + sinx + sin2x + c

 n n n 1 
Q.76 lim  2 2  2 2
 2 2  .....   is equal to [JEE Main 2019]
x   n  1 n 2 n 3 5n 
 
(A) (B) tan 1  3 (C) (D) tan 1  2 
4 2

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration

3x13  2x11
dx
Q.77 The integral  2x 4  3x 2  1 4 is equal to (where C is a constant of integration)
 
[JEE Main 2019]

x4 x12
(A) C (B) C
6(2x 4  3x 2  1)3 6(2x 4  3x 2  1)3

x4 x12
(C) C (D) C
(2x 4  3x 2  1)3 (2x 4  3x 2  1)3

e 2x x
 x  e 
Q.78 The integral       log e x dx is equal to: [JEE Main 2019]
1 e  x 

1 1 1 1 1
(A) e 2 (B)    2
2 e 2 e e
3 1 1 3 1
(C)   (D) e 2
2 e 2e 2 2 2e

Q.79 Let f and g be continuous functions on [0, a] such that f(x) = f(a – x) and g (x) + g(a – x) = 4, then
a

 f (x)g(x)dx is equal to: [JEE Main 2019]


0

a a a a
(A) 4 f (x) dx (B)  f (x)dx (C) 2 f (x)dx (D) 3 f (x)dx
0 0 0 0

Q.80 The integral  cos(log e x)dx is equal to : (where C is a constant of integration) [JEE Main 2019]

x
(A) sin(log e x)  cos(log e x)  C (B) x[cos(logex) + sin(logex)] + C
2
x
(C) cos(log e x)  sin(log e x)   C (D) x[cos(logex) – sin(logex)] + C
2
 /4 dx
Q.81 The integral /6 equals : [JEE Main 2019]
sin 2x(tan 5 x  cot 5 x)

1  1  1  1  1  
(A) tan 1   (B) 10  4  tan  
20 9 3   9 3 

 1  1  1  
(C) (D) 50  4  tan  
40   3 3 

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
x 1
Q.82 If  dx  f (x) 2x  1  C , where C is a constant of integration, then f(x) is equal to :
2x  1
[JEE Main 2019]
1 2 2 1
(A) (x  1) (B) (x  2) (C) (x  4) (D) (x  4)
3 3 3 3

1  x2  
m
Q.83 If  dx  A(x) 1  x2  C , for a suitable chosen integer m and a function A(x), where C
x4
is a constant of integration, then A((x))m equals : [JEE Main 2019]
1 1 1 1
(A) (B) (C) (D)
27x 9 3x 3 27x 6 9x 4

2
sin 2 x
Q.84 The value of the integral  dx (where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x)
x 1
    2
2

is : [JEE Main 2019]

(A) 0 (B) sin 4 (C) 4 (D) 4 – sin 4

5 4x 3 1 4x3
Q.85 If  x e dx  e f (x)  C , where C is a constant of integration, then f (x) is equal to :
48
[JEE Main 2019]
(A) – 2x3 – 1 3
(B) – 4x – 1 3
(C) – 2x + 1 3
(D) 4x + 1

x 1
2 2
Q.86 If  f (t)dt  x   t f (t)dt, then f ' 1 2 is:
0 x
  [JEE Main 2019]

24 18 4 6
(A) (B) (C) (D)
25 25 5 25

 (n  1)1/3 (n  2)1/3 (2n)1/3 


Q.87 lim    ......   is equal to : [JEE Main 2019]
n   n 4/3 n 4/3 n 4/3 

4 4/3 3 4/3 4 3 4/3 3 4 3/4


(A) (2) (B) (2)  (C) (2)  (D) (2)
3 2 3 4 4 3

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration

Q.88 Let n  2 be a natural number and 0 < < Then sin n


  sin   n cos 
d is equal to :
 sin n 1

(where C is a constant of integration) [JEE Main 2019]

n 1 n 1
 n 1  n n 1  n
(A) 2 1  n 1  C (B) 2  1  n 1  C
n  1  sin   n  1  sin  
n 1 n 1
 n 1  n n 1  n
(C) 2 1  n 1  C (D) 2 1  n 1  C
n  1  sin   n  1  sin  

5x 8  7x 6
Q.89 If f(x) =  2
dx,  x  0  and f(0) = 0, then the value of f(1) is :- [JEE Main 2019]
x 2
 1  2x 7 

1 1 1 1
(A)  (B) (C)  (D)
2 2 4 4


3
tan  1
Q.90 If  d  1  , (k > 0) then the value of k is : [JEE Main 2019]
0
2k sec  2

(A) 2 (B) 1/2 (C) 4 (D) 1



3
Q.91 The value of  | cos x | dx is : [JEE Main 2019]
0

4 2 4
(A) 0 (B) (C) (D) 
3 3 3

2sin(x 2  1)  sin 2(x 2  1)


Q.92 For x  n + 1, n  N (the set of natural numbers), the integral  x.
2 dx is:
2sin(x 2  1)  sin 2(x 2  1)
[JEE Main 2019]
1 2 2 1
(A) log e sec (x  1)  c (B) log e sec(x 2  1)  c
2 2

1  x 2 1   x2 1 
(C) log e sec 2   c (D) log e sec   c
2  2   2 

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
b
Q.93 Let I  
a
 x 4  2x 2  dx . If I is minimum then the ordered pair (a, b) is: [JEE Main 2019]


(A) 0, 2  
(B)  2, 0 
(C)  2,  2  (D)   2, 2 

2
dx
Q.94 The value of 
  x    sin x   4
, where [t] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to t, is:
2

[JEE Main 2019]


1 1
(A)  7  5  (B)  7  5 
12 12
3 3
(C)  4  3  (D)  4  3
20 10

 
 
 3 3
1  2  ........  n 
lim    54
Q.95 For a  R, a  1, let n     . Then the possible value(s)
1 1 1
 n 7/3    .....  
   an  12 (an  2)2 (an  n)2  
  

of a is/ are:
[JEE (advanced) 2019]
(A) 8 (B) – 9 (C) – 6 (D) 7

 /2
3 cos 
 d
Q.96 The value of the integral 5 equals [JEE (advanced) 2019]
0  cos   sin  

/4
2 dx
Q. 97 If I   then 27I2 equals _____ [JEE (advanced) 2019]
 sin x
/4 (1  e )(2  cos 2x)

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
ANSWER KEY
EXERCISE–I
 1  1  3 cos 2 2  x1 x5
Q.1 ln   +C Q.2 C – or C +
x5  x 1
5
 cos 2  x  x1
 
1 x 1 1
Q.3 ln(cos x + sin x) + + (sin 2x + cos 2x) + C Q.4 ln (sec 8x )  C
4 2 8 8
x x
1  1 x   1 x   1  x  x e
Q.5 ln  1  x  ·ln  ln 1  x   ln 1  x  + C Q.6       C
2        e x
1  cos   sin   1
Q.7 (sin 2 ) ln   ln (sec 2 ) + C
2  cos   sin   2

1  1 
 a 2 tan x   t 1
Q.8 2 x  tan  b2   + C Q.9 2ln + + C when t = x +
a  b 2    2t  1 2t  1 x2  x

1 1  2x  1  2 1  2x  1  1 1 
 2x 2  1 
2
Q.10 ln(x + x + 1) – tan–1   + tan   – tan +C
3 3  3 
2  3  3  3  
 
Q.11 cos a . arc cos  cos x   sin a . ln  sin x  sin 2 x  sin 2 a 
 
+C
 cos a 

Q.12 

3 1 4 tan 2
x  +C Q.13
1 x 1 x x
ln tan + sec² + tan + C
8/3 2 4 2 2
8(tan x ) 2

Q.14 (a + x) arc tan


x

x 2
1 
x 2 1   1 
. 2  3 ln  1 2  
ax + C Q.15 3
a 9x   x 
 xe x 
Q.16 ln  1
x  x +C Q.17 3
 1 xe  1 xe
 t4 t2 1 2 1 
Q.18  ln (1  x4)+ C Q.19 6   t  ln (1  t )  tan t  + C where t = x1/6
4 2 2 
4 1 cos x2 1
Q.20 + 2 tan1 cos x2  ln +C Q.21 C – ln(1 + (x + 1)e–x) –
cos x2 1 cos x2 1  (x  1)e  x

1 x 1 (43sin x3cosx )
Q.22 sin1  sec 2  + C Q.23 ln C
2 2 24 (43sin x3cosx )
1  1  x  
Q.24  sin x  cos x  ln tan     + C
2  2  2 8 
1 3  sin x  cos x
Q.25 ln  arc tan (sin x  cos x )  C
2 3 3  sin x  cos x
 x  x  x
Q.26 2ln sec   3ln  sec   6ln sec   C
 2  3  6
2 sin( x  ) x sin x  cos x  x 
Q.27 C – Q.28 ln Q.29 2x  3arc tan tan  1  C
sin  sin x x cos x  sin x  2 

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
x4 1
Q.30 + x3 – x2 + 5x + ln (x2 + 1) + 3 tan–1x + C
4 2
1 t2 1 t2 1 1 x
Q.31 C –  ln , where t = cot2x Q.32 C
2 4 2
t 1 1 ( x  1) 2
2

 ax 2  b  1x
Q.33 C – ecos x (x  cosec x) Q.34 sin 1   k Q.35 ex 1x + c
 cx 
2(7x 20) ln x
Q.36 C Q.37 arc sec x  C
9 7x 10 x 2 x 2 1
t 3 2  sin x
Q.38 3 ln  2 tan 1 ( t ) + C where t =
t 3 2  sin x
 2 sin 2 x  7 6x
Q.39 tan1  +C Q.40 4 ln x + + 6 tan–1(x) + +C

 sin x  cos x  x 1 x2
2 x 2 –1 1 2  sin x  cos x
Q.41 . C Q.42 tan (sin x + cos x) + ln +C
 x 3 3 2 2  sin x  cos x
1  2  t  1 1 t 
Q.43 ln    ln   where t = cos and  = cosec–1(cotx)
2  2  t  2  1  t 

  2
1  x  1 

Q.44
1
 cos ec  ·tan    cos ec   Q.45 (A) S; (B) P ; (C) Q ; (D) R
2 2  2 
  2x 
EXERCISE–II
2  1
Q.1  (1  ln 2)  Q.3 (a) In = e – n In – 1, I3 = 6 – 2e; (b) n = 3
8 4 2
1 2
Q.4 (a)
2
 
e cos1  sin 1  1 ; (b) e1+ e + e1 – e + e–e – ee + e – e–1
Q.6 125 Q.7 1 – sec(1) Q.8 2525
Q.9 5250 Q.10 4 Q.11 ln 2 Q.12 4 2  4 ln ( 2  1)
 16 2  2 
Q.13  Q.14 ln 2 Q.15 Q.16 ln 2
2 2 5 8 6 3 8

Q.17 2008 Q.18 2 6 Q.19 153 Q.20
3
(a b)   3 (a  2b)
Q.21 Q.22 (1  ln 4) Q.23 2021 Q.24 Q.25
2 2 8 3 3 3
(   3) 16 2
Q.26 Q.27 2/3 Q.28 2 3 Q.29
2 3 3
1  
 l n 3  ln 2  2 2
Q.30 tan–1(a) · ln 1 a 2 Q.31  Q.32 – ln 2
2 6  3

Q.33 0 Q.36 10 Q.37 3 2 Q.38



Q.39 real & distinct  k  R
16 12

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
2
4 8  
Q.40 Q.41 Q.42 (b) Q.43 Q.45 I = 8 as  y sin y dy = 1
666  4 sin  16
0
EXERCISE–III
  
Q.2  ,  Q.3 cont. & der. at x = 0
 2 2
Q.4 g(x) is cont. in (2 , 2); g(x) is der. at x = 1 & not der. at x = 0 . Note that ;
  (x  2) for  2  x  0
 2
g(x) =   2  x  x2 for 0 x 1
 x2
 2  x 1 for 1 x  2

3
Q.5 – cos x Q.7 1+e Q.9 (a) c = 1 and Limit
x   will be (b) a = 4 and b =1
2
1
45 3 1 
 b b  ba
Q.10 13.5 Q.11 a = 15, b = Q.12 x = 2 or 4 Q.13 (a) ; (b) e · a 
2 8 a 
Q.14 /4 Q.15 f (x) = ex + 1 Q.17 0 Q.19 (a) 2 e(1/2) (  4); (b) 3  ln 4
1 27
Q.20 (a) ; (b) Q.21 f (x) = 1 + x2 Q.22 for n = 1, I > 0, n = 2, I = 0, n  3, I < 0
e 4e
61 80 2 n
Q.25 f (x) = 3 + 2e2x; g (x) = 3 – 2e2x Q.26 f(x) = x + x+ x Q.28 Un =
119 119 2
Q.29 (a) (0, ); (b) 6 ln 2; (c) 126

EXERCISE–IV
3 1 1 x 
Q. 1 (a) C , (b) A ; (c) tan–1x – ln(1 + x) + ln(1 + x2) + 2
+ c (d)
2 2 4 1 x 2

2
Q. 2  – 2tan–1 2
3

1 2
Q.3 (a) B, (b) B, (c) C, (d) ln x Q.4 (a) 2 ln 2, (b) –
2

2( x  1) 3
Q.5 (x + 1) tan–1  n ( 4 x 2  8x  13) + C
3 4

 
1  5 1   sin  if   (0, )
Q.6 (a)   , (b) I = 
8  4 3  
 (  2) if   (,2)
 sin 

m 1
1
Q.7 (a) A, (b) C, (c) A, (d)
6 (m  1)

2 x 3 m  3x 2 m  6 x m  m
C

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Maths IIT-JEE ‘Best Approach’ (MC SIR) Integration
4 1
Q.9 (a) B, (b) A, (c) 2, (d) tan 1 
3  2

24  1 e 1 
Q.10 (a) C, (b) C, (c)  e cos   sin    1
5  2 2 2 
Q.11 D Q.12 (a) A, (b) A, (c) A Q.13 5051

Q.14 (a) A; (b) A; (c) D; (d) (A) S; (B) S; (C) P; (D) R Q.15 (a) C; (b) A, D
Q.16 C; Q. 17 A, B, C ; Q. 18 0
Q. 19 B Q. 20 A Q. 21 B, C Q. 22 4 Q. 23 B
Q. 24 A Q. 25 C Q. 26 Bonus Q. 27 C Q. 28 B
Q. 29 D Q. 30 A Q. 31 D Q. 32 B Q. 33 C
Q. 34 A Q. 35 A, C Q. 36 2 Q. 37 A Q. 38 B
Q. 39 A Q. 40 D Q. 41 D Q. 42 A Q. 43 D
Q. 44 A, C Q. 45 A, C Q. 46 D Q. 47 A, B, C
Q. 48 C, D Q. 49 9 Q. 50 7 Q. 51 B Q. 52 B
Q. 53 A Q. 54 B, C Q. 55 1 Q.56 B Q.57 B
Q.58 2 Q.59 B, D Q.60 Bonus Q.61 C, D Q.62 C
Q.63 A Q.64 2 Q.65 B, C Q.66 1 Q.67 C
Q.68 D Q.69 A Q.70 C Q.71 D Q.72 D
Q.73 A Q.74 D Q.75 C Q.76 D Q.77 B
Q.78 D Q.79 C Q.80 C Q.81 B Q.82 D
Q.83 A Q.84 A Q.85 B Q.86 A Q.87 C
Q.88 A Q.89 D Q.90 A Q.91 A Q.92 D
Q.93 D Q.94 C Q.95 A, B Q.96 0.50 Q.97 4.00

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