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Equations Transformable

into Quadratic Equations


Module in Mathematics 9
First Quarter

GERALIN O. TURQUEZA
Developer

Department of Education • Cordillera Administrative Region


Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Cordillera Administrative Region
SCHOOLS DIVISION OF ABRA
Actividad-Economia St., Zone 2, Bangued, Abra

Published by:
Learning Resource Management and Development System

COPYRIGHT NOTICE
2020

Section 9 of Presidential Decree No. 49 provides:

“No copyright shall subsist in any work of the Government of the Philippines.
However, prior approval of the government agency of office wherein the work is
created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit.”

This material has been developed for the implementation of K-12 Curriculum
through the Curriculum Implementation Division (CID)—Learning Resource
Management Section. It can be reproduced for educational purposes and the source
must be acknowledged. Derivatives of the work including creating an edited version,
an enhancement or a supplementary work are permitted provided all original work is
acknowledged and the copyright is attributed. No work may be derived from this
material for commercial purposes and profit.

ii
PREFACE

This module is a project of the Curriculum Implementation Division particularly


the Learning Resource Management and Development Unit, Department of
Education, Schools Division of Abra which is in response to the implementation of the
K to 12 Curriculum.

This Learning Material is a property of the Department of Education, Schools


Division of Abra, Curriculum Implementation Division, Learning Resource
Management Section. It aims to improve learners’ performance specifically in
Mathematics.

Date of Development : June, 2020


Resource Location : Schools Division of Abra
Learning Area : Mathematics
Grade Level :9
Learning Resource Type : Module
Language : English
Quarter/Week : Q1/W3
Learning Competency/Code : Solves equations transformable to quadratic
equations (including rational algebraic equations).
M9AL-Ic-d-1

iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The developer wishes to express her gratitude to those who help in the
development of this learning material. The fulfillment of this learning material would
not be possible without these people who gave their support, helping hand and
cooperation:

To our Almighty God for His unending gift of health and wisdom.

To her family for their support and love.

To her students who inspires her to develop this learning material.

To her friends and co-teachers who encourage her to realize this module

Geralin O. Turqueza
Pilar Rural High School, Pilar District

INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT SECTION/DIVISION LRMDS STAFF

Eleanor Cayetana I T. Turqueza


Editor

RIZA E. PERALTA RYNWALTER A. PAA


Librarian II Project Development Officer II

RONALD T. MARQUEZ MIJURODEL B. RIFARREAL


Education Program Supervisor for LRMS Education Program Supervisor for Math

CONSULTANTS:

HEDWIG M. BELMES
Chief Education Supervisor, Curriculum Implementation Division

CHRISTOPHER C. BENIGNO
OIC- Office of the Assistant Schools Division Superintendent

GLORIA B. BUYA-AO
Schools Division Superintendent

iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
Copyright Notice …………………………………………………..……...…..…. ii
Preface …………………………………………………………………...…….… iii
Acknowledgement……………………………………………………. …….…... iv
Table of Contents……………………………………………………….……. … v
Title Page…………………………………………………………………………. 1
Introduction ………………………………………………………………………. 2
Learning Objectives
Pretest………………………………………………………………….…………. 3
Lesson Proper……………………………………………………………………. 5
Review…………………………………………………………………………. 5
Activity 1……………………………………….……………….…………. 6
Discussion of Activity 1……………………………………...…………… 7
Enrichment ……………………………………………………….…………… 9
Activities…………………………………………………………………… 9
Activity 1…………………………………………………………………… 9
Assessment 1……………………………………………...……………… 9
Activity 2…………………………………………………………………… 10
Assessment 2………………………………………………...…………… 10
Generalization …………………………………………………………………… 11
Application ……………………………………………………………….……… 12
Post-Assessment …………………...…………………………………………… 13
Additional Activities……………………………………………….……………… 15
Answer Key……………………………………………………………………….. 17
Reference Sheet…………………………………………………...…….…….… 18

v
Equations Transformable
into Quadratic Equations
Module in Mathematics 9
First Quarter

𝟏 𝒙
𝒙− + =𝟐
𝒙 𝟏

GERALIN O. TURQUEZA
Developer

1vi
What I Need to Know

The mathematical statement with a second degree equations in one variable is


a quadratic equation which is written in standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0. The roots of
quadratic equations can be solve using any of the four methods; extracting square
roots, factoring, completing the square and using quadratic formula. Using any of the
four methods help you solve equations that are transformable into quadratic equations.
And this is the lesson that will be discuss in this module.

Learning Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to;

1. transform equations into quadratic equations;


2. identify the procedure of solving transformable equations into quadratic
equatios ; and
3. solve for the roots of a quadratic equations including rational quadratic
equations.

2
vii
What I Know

Before we start the lesson, let us check your knowledge about solving
equations transformable into quadratic equations to determine where to start the
lesson. If you get 50% - 99% you go to the module. If you get a perfect score,
proceed to the next topic. Answer the questions with all your knowledge and ability.

Part I. Multiple Choices: Write the letter of the correct answer.


1. It is the the second degree equations in one variable.
a. quadratic equation c. linear inequalities
b. linear equation d. quadratic inequalities
2. Which of the following is an equation transformable into quadratic equation?
a. x2 – 2x – 10 = 0 c. ax2 + bx + c = 0
b. x(x + 5) = -6 d. 9(x-25)=0
3. Which of the following is the first procedure in transforming rational algebraic
equations into a quadratic equation?
a. Write the equation in standard form.
b. Solve the equation using any of the four methods of solving quadratic
equations.
c. Multiply both sides of the equation by the Least Common Denominator
d. Set each factor equal to 0.
4. Which of the following is the transformed quadratic equation of (x+8)(8+1)=0?
a. x2 + 9x +8=0 c. x2 – 9x – 8 = 0
b. x + 9x = 0 d. x2 + 9x = -8
5. Which of the following quadratic equations have the roots of -3 and 2?
c. x2 + 9x + 8=0 c. x2 – x + 6 = 0
d. 6x2 - 5x + 8=0 d. x2 + x - 6 = 0
2
6. What is the value of x of a quadratic equation x – 2x + 1 = 0?
a. 1 c. 0
b. -1 d. 2
7. What is the fourth procedure of solving equations transformable to quadratic
equations?
a. Write quadratic equation in standard form
b. Solve the equation using any of the four methods of solving quadratic
equation.
c. Set each factor equal to 0
d. Solve for the value of the variable.

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8. Which of the following rational algebraic equations is transformable into a
quadratic equations?
𝑦+1 𝑦+2
a. − =7
2 4
𝑦 1 2
b. + 5 = 𝑦−2
𝑦−2
1 3
c. 2 − =
𝑦(𝑦+1) 𝑦+1
1 𝑦 2
d. + 𝑦−2 =
𝑦−4 𝑦 2 −6𝑥+8
𝑦 8
9. What are the roots of the rational quadratic equation = ?
𝑦+3 𝑦+6
a. -6 and 4 c. -6 and -4
b. 6 and -4 d. 6 and 4
10. The length of a rectangular garden is twice the width. The area of the garden
is 32ft2. What are the dimensions of the garden?
a. 4 by 8 c. 6 by 8
b. 5 by 8 d. 7 by 9

Part II. Correct or Incorrect: Write Correct if the mathematical equation is correctly
transformed into quadratic equation and Incorrect if not correctly transformed into
quadratic equation.

11. (y-3)(y-3)=0 y2 – 6y + 9 = 0 ________________


12. x2 + 8x = 20 x2 + 8x + 20 = 0 ________________
2 4
13. 3 + 𝑚 = 3m2 + 2m = 0 ________________
𝑚2
12 8
14. 𝑥+1 − = 2 x2 – 3x – 4 = 0 ________________
𝑥
7 𝑥
15. 𝑥+3 = x2 + 3x + 28 = 0 ________________
4

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4
What’s In?

In your previous lesson, you solved for the roots of a quadratic equation ax2 +
bx + c = 0 by using the four methods; extracting square roots, factoring, completing
the square and using quadratic formula. From the different methods of solving
quadratic equation you can use any of it, to solve for the roots of the equations that
are transformable into quadratic equations. But before you go on with the lesson do
the activity below.

Solve Me!
Find my roots using any of the four methods of solving quadrating equations.

1. x2 – 49 = 0 2. 2y2 – 8y = 0

3. a2 + 12a + 36 = 0

5
x
What’s New?
You have solved for the roots of the given equations in the previous activity.
This concept will help you find the roots of equations that are transformable into
quadratic equations which is written in standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0.

Objectives:
In this activity, you should be able to;
1. transform equations into standard form of quadratic equations;
2. arrange the procedure of solving transformable equations into
quadratic equations ; and
3. solve for the roots of an equations transformable into quadratic
equations (including rational quadratic equations).

Activity 1: Match Me!


Match Column A to Column B that best describe the procedure in solving
equations transformable into standard form of quadratic equation.

Column A Column B
A. (x + 3)(x + 2) = 0
1. x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = 0 a. Solve for x.
2. x2 + 5x + 6 = 0 b. Set each factor equal to 0.
c. Solve for the equation using any
3. (x + 3)(x + 2) = 0
of the four methods (factoring).
d. Write the equation in standard
4. (x + 3) = 0, (x + 2) = 0
form.
5. x = -3, x = -2 e. Simplify the equation.

Column A Column B
−𝟐 𝟓
B. + =𝟔
𝒂 𝒂
−2 5
6. 𝑎2 ( + ) = 𝑎2 (6) a. Set each factor equal to 0.
𝑎 𝑎
7. -2a + 5a = 6a2 b. Solve for x.
c. Solve for the equation using any
8. 6a2 – 3a = 0
of the four methods (factoring).
d. Multiply both sides of the
9. 3a(2a – 1) = 0 equation by the Least Common
Denominator (LCD).
e. Write the equation in standard
10. 3a = 0, 2a – 1 = 0
form.
1
11. a = 0, a = 2 f. Simplify the equation.

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6
What’s in it?

Have you matched the procedures on the right mathematical statement? Are
the procedures of solving equations transformable into quadratic equations easy to
follow?
In the activity, these are some equations that are not written in standard form.
Before you solve the roots, you have to transform into quadratic equations in
standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0. After transforming, you can solve using any of the
four methods of solving quadratic equations.

The following are examples of solving equations not written in standard form.

Example 1: 2x (x – 4) = 0
2x(x) – 2x(-4) = 0 simplify the equation by distributing 2x
4x2 + 8x = 0 write quadratic equation in standard form
2x(x – 4) = 0 solving equation using any of the four methods of
solving quadratic equation.
2x = 0, x – 4 = 0 set each factor equal to 0
x = 0, x = 4 Solve for the value of the variable x.
Therefore, the roots of 2x(x – 4) = 0 are 0 and 4.

To check, you substitute the values of x to the original equation. If the values of x
makes the equation true, then the solutions are correct.

Example 2: (x + 7)(x + 7) = 0
x2 + 7x + 7x + 49 = 0 simplify the equation using FOIL method
x2 + 14x + 49 = 0 write quadratic equation in standard form
(x + 7)(x + 7) = 0 solving equation using any of the four methods of
solving quadratic equation.
x + 7 = 0, x + 7 = 0 set each factor equal to 0
x = -7, x = -7 Solve for the value of the variable x.
Therefore, the roots of (x + 7)(x + 7) = 0 is -7 and -7.

In checking, you substitute the values of x obtained to the original equation. If


the value of x makes the equation true, then the solutions are correct.

B. Rational Algebraic Equations Transformable into Quadratic Equations


−3 5
Example 3: Find the roots of the equation 𝑦 + = −6.
2𝑦
−3 5
+ = −6
𝑦 2𝑦
2 −3 5
2𝑦 ( 𝑦 + 2𝑦) = 2𝑦 2 (−6) Multiply both sides of the equation by the
Least Common Denominator.

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-6y + 5y = -12y2 Write the resulting equation in standard
12y2 – y = 0 form.
y(12y – 1) = 0 Solve equation using any of the four
methods of solving quadratic equation.
y = 0, 12y – 1 = 0 Set each factor equals 0.
1
y = 0, y = Solve for the value of the variable y.
12
−3 5 1
Therefore, the roots of + = −6 are 0 and 12.
𝑦 2𝑦

To check your answer, you substitute the values of y obtained to the original
equation. If the values of y makes the equation true, then the solutions are correct.

1 𝑦
Example 4: Solve the roots of 𝑦 + =0
2𝑦+1
1 𝑦
+ =0
𝑦 2𝑦 + 1
1 𝑦
𝑦(2𝑦 + 1) (𝑦 + ) = 𝑦(2𝑦 + 1)0 Multiply both sides of the
2𝑦+1
equation by the Least
Common Denominator (LCD).
2𝑦 + 1 + 𝑦 2 = 0 Write the resulting equation
𝑦 2 + 2𝑦 + 1 = 0 into standard form.
(𝑦 + 1)(𝑦 + 1) = 0 Solve equation using any of
the four methods of solving
quadratic equations.
𝑦 + 1 = 0, 𝑦 + 1 = 0 Set each factor equal to 0.
𝑦 = −1, 𝑦 = −1 Solve for the value of the
variable y.
1 𝑦
Therefore, the roots of 𝑦 + = 0 are -1 and -1.
2𝑦+1
To check your answer, you substitute the values of y obtained to the original
equation. If the values of y makes the equation true, then the solutions are correct.

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8
What’s More?

Activity 1: Fill Me In!


Fill in the missing answer of the following equations.
1. (x – 3)(x – 1) = 0 −𝟓 𝟏
3. − = −𝒚
𝒚 𝟑
x – ____ + 3 = 0
2
−𝟓 𝟏
___( 𝒚 − 𝟑) = _____(−𝒚)
(x - __)(x - __) = 0
x – 3 = ___, x – ___ = 0 𝟑𝐲𝟐 − 𝟒𝐲 − ____ = 𝟎
(y – ___)(3y + ___) = 0
x = ___, x = ___
(___ – 3) = 0, (___ + 5) = 0
y = ___, y = ____

𝐲 𝟒 𝟑𝟔
2. 4x(x – 3) = -9 4. 𝐲−𝟒 − 𝐲+𝟓
= (𝒚−𝟒)(𝒚+𝟓)
___ -12x = -9 𝐲 𝟒 𝟑𝟔
___( − ) = _______((𝒚−𝟒)(𝒚+𝟓))
4x2 – 12x + ___ = 0 𝐲−𝟒 𝐲+𝟓
y2 + y − _____ = 0
(2x - ___)(2x - ___) = 0
(y – ___)(y + ___) = 0
x – ____ = 0, ____ – 3 = 0 (y – ___) = 0, (y + ___) = 0
x = ____, x = ____ y = ___, y = ____

Assessment 1
Direction: Arrange the procedure of solving equations transformable into quadratic
equations (including rational quadratic equations) by filling the blank 1 – 5.

A. Quadratic Equations Not Written in Standard Form.


_____ Write quadratic equation in standard form
_____ Solving equation using any of the four methods of solving quadratic
equation.
_____ Solve for the value of the variable.
_____ Simplify the equation.
_____ Set each factor equal to 0
B. Rational Algebraic Equations Transformable into Quadratic Equations
_____ Multiply both sides of the equation by the Least Common Denominator.
_____ Set each factor equal to 0.
_____ Solve equation using any of the four methods of solving quadratic
_____ Solve for the value of the variable.
_____ Write the resulting equation into standard form.
equations.

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Activity 2

Transform the following equations into quadratic equations.

1. 4y(y + 5) = 0

2. (y – 3)(y – 3) = 0

3. (y – 5)(y + 3) = 0

1 y 2
4. − =
y 6 3

𝑦−7 𝑦−2
5. = −1
𝑦−1 𝑦+1

Assessment 2

Transform and find the roots of the following equations.

Quadratic Equations
Equations Roots
(Based on your answer on Activity 2)
1. 4y(y + 5) = 0
2. (y – 3)(y – 3) = 0
3. (y – 5)(y + 3) = 0
4. 1y − y6 = 23
𝑦−7 𝑦−2
5. = 𝑦+1 − 1
𝑦−1

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What I Have Learned?
In this activity, you will summarized the khowledge and skills you learned in this
module.

The title of my lesson in this module is all about


_____________________________________________.

A. There are procedures in solving equations transformable to


quadratic equation not written in standard form. List them
down.

1. __________________________________________.

2. __________________________________________.

3. __________________________________________.

4. __________________________________________.

5. __________________________________________.

B. There are procedures in solving Ratioal Algebraic Equations


Transformable into quadratic equations. List them down.

1. _______________________________________________.

2. _______________________________________________.

3. _______________________________________________.

4. _______________________________________________.

5. _______________________________________________.

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What I can do?

In this activity, apply the concept you learned on solving equations


transformable into quadratic equations by solving real life word problem. Read and
understand each problem to come up with the correct solution.

1. In your Homeroom subject, you are asked to make a rectangular garden with
an area of 48 square meters. The half of its perimeter is 14 meters. Find the
dimensions of the rectangular garden.

2. Jose and Pedro of grade 9 class fills the drum of water together in two hours.
Alone, it takes Jose three hours less than Pedro to fill the same drum of water.
How many hours does it take each student to fill the drum separately?

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Post Assessment

Instruction: Now check your knowledge and skills. These measures your
understanding about this module. Read carefully and aswer the questions to the best
of your ability.

Part I. Multiple Choices: Write the letter of the correct answer.


1. It is a mathematical statement in a second degree equation in one variable.
a. quadratic equation c. linear inequalities
b. linear equation d. quadratic inequalities
2. Which of the following is the first procedure in transforming rational algebraic
equations into a quadratic equation?
a. Write the equation in standard form.
b. Solve the equation using any of the four methods of solving quadratic
equations.
c. Multiply both sides of the equation by the Least Common Denominator
d. Set each factor equal to 0.
3. Which of the following is an equations transformable into quadratic equation?
a. x2 – 2x – 10 = 0 c. ax2 + bx + c = 0
b. x(x + 5) = -6 d. 9(x-25)=0
4. Which of the following is the transformed quadratic equation of (x+8)(8+1)=0?
a. x2 + 9x +8=0 c. x2 – 9x – 8 = 0
b. x + 9x = 0 d. x2 + 9x = -8
5. What is the fourth procedure of solving equations transformable to quadratic
equations?
a. Write quadratic equation in standard form
b. Solve the equation using any of the four methods of solving quadratic
equation.
c. Set each factor equal to 0
d. Solve for the value of the variable.
6. Which of the following quadratic equations have the roots of -3 and 2?
a. x2 + 9x + 8=0 c. x2 – x + 6 = 0
b. 6x2 - 5x + 8=0 d. x2 + x - 6 = 0
2
7. What is the value of x of a quadratic equation x – 2x + 1 = 0?
a. 1 c. 0
b. -1 d. 2

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8. Which of the following rational algebraic equations is transformable into a
quadratic equations?
𝑥+1 𝑥+2
𝑎. − =7
2 4
𝑦 1 2
𝑏. + =
𝑦−2 5 𝑦−2
1 3
𝑐. 2 − =
𝑦(𝑦 + 1) 𝑦+1
1 𝑦 2
𝑑. + = 2
𝑦−4 𝑦−2 𝑦 − 6𝑦 + 8
𝑦 8
9. What are the roots of the rational quadratic equation = ?
𝑦+3 𝑦+6
a. -6 and 4 c. -6 and -4
b. 6 and -4 d. 6 and 4
10. The length of a rectangular garden is twice the width. The area of the garden
is 32ft2. What are the dimensions of the garden?
a. 4 by 8 c. 6 by 8
b. 5 by 8 d. 7 by 9

Part II. Correct or Incorrect: Write Correct if the mathematical equation is correctly
transformed into quadratic equation and Incorrect if not correctly transformed into
quadratic equation.

11. (y-6)(y-6)=0 y2 – 12y + 36 = 0 ________________


12. x2 + 4x = 4 x2 + 4x + 4 = 0 ________________
2 4
13. 3 + 𝑚 = 3m2 + 2m = 0 ________________
𝑚2
12 8
14. − = 2 x2 – 3x – 4 = 0 ________________
𝑥+1 𝑥
7 𝑥
15. = x2 + 3x + 28 = 0 ________________
𝑥+3 4

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Additional Activities

Activity 1
Instruction: Write the set of factors of the following equations.

1. x2 + 4x + 4 = 0
(______)(______)

2. x2 + 3x – 10 = 0
(______)(______)

3. 2x2 + 5x = 12
(______)(______)
1 3
4. 2 − =
𝑥 (𝑥+1) 𝑥+1

(_______)(_______)
1 2𝑥 2
5. − =
𝑥−1 𝑥+1 𝑥+1

(_______)(_______)

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Activity 2
Instruction: Give at least 2 examples of solving equations transformable into
quadratic equations and Write the procedure for each solution in each example.

Solutions Procedures
Example 1:

Example 2:

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17
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Pre-Assessment Activity 2
1. a 1. 4y2 + 20y = 0
2. b 2. y2 – 6y + 9 = 0
3. c 3. y2 -2y – 15 = 0
4. a 4. y2 + 4y – 6 = 0
5. d 5. y2 – 3x – 10 = 0
6. a
7. c Assessment 2
8. d 1. 0, -5
9. b 2. 3
10. a 3. 5, -3
11. correct 4. -2 ± ξ10
12. incorrect 5. 5, -2
13. incorrect
14. correct What I Can Do?
15. Correct Problem 1
Activity 1 x(x – 14) = 48
A. 1. e x2 – 14x = 48
2. d x2 – 14x – 48 = 0
3. c (x – 6)(x + 8) = 0
4. b x – 6 = 0, x + 8 = 0
5. a x = 6, x = -8
B. 6. d The dimensions 6 and 8,
7. f Problem 2
8. e Time of Pedro y
9. c Time of Jose y + 3
1 1 1
10. a + =
𝑥 𝑥+3 2
1 1 1
What’s More? 2x(x + 3) − = 2𝑥(𝑥 + 3)
𝑥 𝑥+3 2
Activity 1 2(x +3) + 2x = x(x+3)
1. 4x 3. 3y 2x + 6 +2x = x2 + 3x
3, 1 15 x2 – x – 6 = 0
1, 0 3, 5 (x – 3)(x + 2) = 0
3, 1 y, 3y x – 3 = 0, x + 2 = 0
3, -5/3 x=3 x = -2
2. 4x2 4. (y – 4)(y + 5) Time of Pedro: x = 3
9 36 Time of Jose: x + 3
3 4, 5 3+3=6
3, x 4, 5
3 4, -5 Post Assessment
Assessment 1 1. a 6. d 11. correct
A. 2 B. 1 2. c 7. a 12. incorrect
3 4 3. b 8. d 13. incorrect
5 3 4. a 9. b 14. correct
1 5 5. c 10. a 15. correct
4 2
Additional Activities
Activity 1:1. (x + 2)(x + 2) Activity 2: Students Answer Vary
2. (x + 5)(x – 2)
3. (x – 4) (2x + 3)
4. (x – 1)(2x + 1)
5. (2x – 3)(x+1)
ANSWER KEY
References
CANLAS, MARIA FE A, ALICE D DIOQUINO, MARINA A SALVACION, and ROSEMARIVIC V DIAZ. 2003.
"COLLEGE ALGEBRA." In COLLEGE ALGEBRA, 173 - 185. MANILA.

2012. google. Accessed June 27, 2020. https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_elementary-algebra/s10-


05-solving-rational-equations.html.

HENDRICKS, ANDREA. 2017. YOUTUBE. MARCH 5. Accessed JUNE 27, 2020.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ylgYZkzp4CA.
Jan Fair, Sadie c. Bragg. 1991. Algebra 1. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

NOPIA, KATHYKAY B. 2015. Excel in MATH and Beyond. Quezon City: Mind Builders Publishing House
Inc.

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For inquiries or feedback, please write of call:
Department of Education
Cordillera Administrative Region
Schools Division of Abra
Address: Actividad-Economia St., Zone 2, Bangued, Abra
Telephone No.: (074)614-6918
e-mail: abra@deped.gov.ph
Website: http://www.depedabra.com
LRMS Website: https://lrmsabra.blogspot.com

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