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You are going to take the pretest to determine how much background
information and knowledge you have about our new lesson. Make sure to
accomplish this first task. Good luck!

Activity 1. Guess Who?

Directions: Write only the letter of your chosen answer. Write letter D if you
think the correct answer is not found in the given choices. Write your answers in
your notebook.

1. She was a native of Pampanga but settled in Albay. She was known as the
Matriarch of Filipino women poets writing in English, and was the author of the
poem “Revolt from Hymen”.

A. Edith L.Tiempo
B. Angela Manalang Gloria
C. Estrella D. Alfon

2. He was from Baao, Camarines Sur and was one of the first Filipinos to write
and publish works in English.

A. Amado V. Hernandez
B. Luis G. Dato
C. Nick Joaquin

3. A Filipino poet who was the author of "Mi Ultimo Pensamiento" which was the
first good English translation, in rhymes, of José Rizal's "Mi Ultimo Adios".

A. Luis Dato
B. Honesto Pesimo,Jr.
C. Abdon M.Balde,Jr.

4. She was the author of a book of poetry called “Poems” in 1940. In this collection
was also her last poem, “Old Maid walking In the City.”

A. Merlinda Bobis
B. B. Paz Marquez-Benitez
C. C. Angela Manalang Gloria

5. She is a contemporary Bikolano writer who was born from Legaspi City, Province
of Albay and is the author of “Banana Heart Summer”.

A. Lilia Quindoza-Santiago
B. Angela Manalang Gloria
C. Merlinda Bobis
6. ‘The Pretenders” is his most popular novel, which is the story of one man's
alienation from his poor background and the decadence of his wife's wealthy family.

A. Sionil Jose
B. Cirilo F. Bautista
C. Kristian Cordero

7. He is known as the “Father of Ilocano Literature” and acknowledged author of

“Biag Ni Lam-Ang”.

A. Carlos Bulosan
B. Pedro Bukaneg
C. F.Sionil Jose

8. Awriter deeply concerned with social justice, his novels have been translated into
22 languages, and he is one of the most widely read Filipino authors.

A. N.V. M Gonzales
B. F. Sionil Jose
C. Nick Joaquin

9. “Third World Geography” is a poem written by_____.

A. Cirilo F. Bautista
B. Amado V. Hernandez
C. Jose Garcia-Villa

10. "Pagpangaran" is a poem written by a Bicolano writer named___________.

A. Jose Fernando Obias

B. Eduardo E. Uy
C. Eden Elizanan-Velarde

The Day a Storm with my Mother’s Name Came

Kristian Sendon Cordero

LUCIA, was what Father uttered at once

the moment he heard news of a coming storm—
a name he looked at and looked over for all time,
as he straddled what could be sea or soil on fire*.

The wind had begun to whistle so we fixed

the wall and roof together with my younger brother.
We roped the windows tight and stowed the rice up
where they wouldn’t get wet in a flood.

At the other house, we could hear the static

on the failing radio, the dogs were barking
and the banana plants were starting to rattle like teeth,
the kapok pods were falling on the overgrown yard.

Black ants lined up in procession towards the jar

that we used to store chunks of molasses and sugared coconut flesh:
Sweetness, it seemed was not taste alone,
but part of scent and memory

At the chair sat my unspeaking father,

he’d been there long waiting for the spray of rain
coming in, sunlight, song, fever, chest pain, medicine,
and life pouring its last drops

While he looked over and uttered each of the letters

in Mother’s name, who was coming as a storm,
a name looked at and looked over for all time
as he straddled what could be sea or soil on fire.
Kristian Sendon Cordero (April 1983)

His books of poetry in three languages have won the Madrigal-Gonzales Best
First Book Award, the Philippine National Awards and the Gintong Aklat
wards( Golden Book Awards). In 2017, he represented the Philippines in the
International Writing Program at the University of Iowa. As a translator, he has
translated the works of Rainer Maria Rilke, Jorge Luis Borges, Franz Kafka, and Oscar
Wilde into Bikol and Filipino.


ABDON M. BALDE, JR. (Sept 12, 1946)

He was born in Busac, Oas, Albay A contemporary Bicolano writer in Bikol,

Filipino and English He was awarded as one of the Outstanding Bikolano Artists for
2009 in Literary Arts category in Naga City, In 2012, he was named Poet laureate of
Albay. Today, he is a councillor of the organization Lupon Sa Wika, a member of the
National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and director of the Unyon ng
mga Manunulat sa Pilipinas (UMPIL; English: Writers’ Union of the Philippines)

Source:,_Jr.#:~:text=Template%3AUse%20mdy%20ds%20Abdon,P hilippines

MERLINDA BOBIS (November 25, 1959)

Award-winning writer Merlinda Bobis grew up in Albay, Philippines at the foot of

an active volcano, which figures prominently in her writing and performance. As a
child her main interest was painting, but at age ten she began writing poetry because
‘painting with words’ was cheaper. She has published novels, short stories, dramas
and poems. Works: Fish-Hair Woman, Coffee Grove, Banana Heart Summer, Dwell,
The Kissing.



Born on June 24, 1961, Naga, Camarines Sur He’s been into poetry writing since
1983 while serving as one of the staffs of the Nueva Caceres Bulletin, the official
publication of the University of Nueva Caceres. He is a regular contributor to the
Bicol literature publication, An Tambobong nin Literaturang Bikolnon, where several
of his poems in Bicol dialect were published. Notable work: A View From Afar


From Rosales, Pangasinan (1924-Present)

Region 1, Ilocos Region
His writings since 1960s when taken collectively can be described as epic. His works
reflect the consistent espousal of the aspirations of Filipinos: National Sovereignty
and Social Justice His works were translated into various languages Rosales Saga, The
Pretenders, The Molave and the Orchid (2004)

CIRILO F. BAUTISTA (1941-2018)

National Capital Region

A poet, fictionist and essayist with exceptional achievements and significant

contributions to the development of the country’s literary arts. As a way of bringing
poetry and fiction closer to the people who otherwise would not have the
opportunity to develop their creative talent, Bautista has been holding regular
funded and unfunded workshops throughout the country. Summer Suns (1963), The
Trilogy of Saint Lazarus (2001),Pedagogic (2008),Third World Geography (2005)

What is the writer’s role in society?

What does the writer bring to the world that no one else can? Writers and
storytellers are the individuals who have designated themselves with the daunting
task of recreating the time, place, and characters of whatever era they live in. A
novel written during the 1990s, on the other hand, can definitively show the flavor of
the time, the voices that were most important, and the subconscious fears that
drove that generation’s actions. The different fiction genres each demonstrate a
unique facet of the writer’s society. A horror writer will memorialize the discomforts
of his era. A science fiction writer will demonstrate that era’s views on technology,
change, and widespread social issues. A literary writer will display what mundane
everyday life was really like. By writing a novel, the writer acts to keep their era alive
for future generations, so that our children and grandchildren can understand who
we really were, and what we stood for. However, there’s more to it than that. By
nature, writers are teachers. Again, writers write because they have something to
say to the world. They have a lesson to teach, a lesson so important to them—
whether it be moral, intellectual, idealistic, or cynical—that they’ve sculpted an
entire story for the sheer purpose of teaching that lesson. - Nicolas Conley


Knowing the vital role of authors or writers in our society is as significant as

understanding the essence of their literary pieces. Do we benefit from it? How?

The Importance of Literature

➢ "By reading narratives, we can empathize and understand others," -Judith

Caesar, English professor at the American University of Sharjah (AUS).
➢ Literature is thought provoking; it allows us to raise questions and gives us a
deeper understanding of issues and situations."
➢ "Literature provides insight into the minds of other human beings, into the
mind of the author and the minds of the character he or she brings to life,"- Sophie
Chamas, international studies student at AUS.
➢ "Literature teaches us to analyze a character, allows us to reach inside his or
her mind so we see what drives a character, what shapes his or her beliefs and how
one relates to others."
➢ Literature also allows us to question some of our most prominent beliefs and
examine our lives, giving them deeper meaning.