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Pump Installation and Service Manual

SKHD 150
Submersible Effluent Pump

NOTE! To the installer: Please make sure you provide


this manual to the owner of the pumping equipment or to
the responsible party who maintains the system.
2. Risk of Electrical Shock: Note: Some city regulations
General Connect only to a properly do not allow installing a
pump with plastic pipe. Check
Information grounded receptacle. local regulations.
Septic tank to be vented
Thank you for purchasing your in accordance with local
plumbing codes. 5. In applications where the
Hydromatic® Pump. To help pump may sit idle for months
ensure years of trouble-free Do not smoke or use sparkable at a time, it is recommended
operation, please read the electrical devices or flame in a that the pump(s) be cycled
following manual carefully. septic (gaseous) or possible every month to ensure the
septic sump. pumping system is working
properly when needed.
Before Operation: If a septic sump condition
exists and if entry into sump is 6. A check valve should be
Read the following instructions necessary, then (1) provide installed in discharge pipe.
carefully. Reasonable care and proper safety precautions per 7. An audible alarm system, such
safe methods should be practiced. OSHA requirements and (2) do as the Q Alert, for high water
Check local codes and not enter sump until these conditions should be installed
requirements before installation. precautions are strictly adhered for greater protection.
to.
Attention: Do not install pump in location Note: The Q Alert is for
classified as hazardous per indoor use only. Contact your
This manual contains important Hydromatic distributor for
information for the safe use of N.E.C., ANSI/NFPA 70 - 1999.
additional control and alarm
this product. Read this manual Failure to heed above cautions panels applications.
completely before using this could result in injury or death.
product and refer to it often for
continued safe product use. 8. Use pump partially or
DO NOT THROW AWAY OR completely submerged for
pumping waterlike liquids
LOSE THIS MANUAL. Keep it Pump (temperature to 140° F).
in a safe place so that you may
refer to it often. Installation The SKHD150 will pump solid
materials up to 3⁄4" (spherical)
These important instructions must in diameter.
WARNING: Before handling be followed for satisfactory
these pumps and controls, performance of your pump. 9. Caution: Do not pump
always disconnect the power Before installation, check flammable liquids, strong
first. Do not smoke or use your local electrical and chemicals or salt water.
sparkable electrical devices or plumbing codes.
flames in a septic (gaseous) or 10.For added protection an
possible septic sump. 1. Provide proper basin or tank optional seal failure probe
size to ensure pump operates is available as well as
without restriction. A two the control and alarm
Pump to five minute run time
is recommended.
panel. Contact your
Hydromatic distributor or the
Warning 2. Make sure sump is free of factory for more information.
string, cloth, nails, gravel, etc.
before installing pump.
To reduce risk of electrical shock:
3. Do not set pump directly on
the bottom of sump pit if it is
1. Risk of Electrical Shock: not solid. Raise the pump by
placing bricks or concrete
This pump has not been blocks underneath it.
investigated for use in
swimming pool areas. 4. Use steel or plastic pipe for all
connecting lines between
pump and sewer outlet.
2
Performance Data
160

TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD-FEET


120

1-1/2 HP

80

40

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
CAPACITY-U.S. G.P.M.

3
c. start capacitor in motor may lead to black cord wire, then place
Pump have failed a screwdriver blade across
Maintenance d. pump may be miswired to terminals of plug. If cord is O.K.,
meter needle will go to zero
terminal block
and stay there. If meter needle
Read the following instructions e. head lower than rating, does not move, this will
carefully before replacing any pumping too much liquid indicate an open wire and cord
parts. Reasonable care and safe 6. Air locked pump. A sump must be replaced.
methods should be practiced. pump is said to be air locked if
Check local codes and air traps in the pump and it
requirements before installation. cannot get out, thus preventing Repair – Motor:
Only competent electrician pump from operating.
should make the installations. As a precaution, a 1⁄8" hole Warning: Be certain power to
should be drilled in the pump is off! Disconnect pump
Warning: Before handling these discharge pipe below the power cord from terminals and
pumps and controls, always check valve. The check valve remove pump from sump pit.
disconnect the power first. should be 12 to 18 inches
above pump discharge. Do not
Do not smoke or use sparkable install check valve directly 1. Clean any dirt or trash from
electrical devices or flames in into pump discharge opening. the outside of the pump before
a septic (gaseous) or possible dismantling.
septic sump. 2. If motor does not run when
Note: In sumps where the pump the pump is tested, the capacitor
is operating daily, air locking and/or stator must be checked.
Before removing the pump from rarely occurs.
its installation for repairs, check See Step 5. Remove plug (#9)
first to see if the trouble from top of housing (#2) and
is caused by: 7. Wrong impeller rotation. pour oil into container,
Rotation should be preferably glass, so that oil
1. Miswiring of the pump into can be observed.
the terminal block. counterclockwise when
looking at the impeller. 3. If oil is clear, it will indicate
2. Miswiring of the float level Correct improper rotation on motor is not burned and there
controls into the panel. three phase pumps by has been no water leak into
3. Miswiring inside the reversing any two line leads. the motor. If oil is cloudy, it
control panel. Rotation check is not necessary will indicate water in motor,
4. Tripped circuit breaker. If the on single phase pumps. or, if oil is black, it will
breaker is manually reset and 8. Closed discharge gate valve. indicate a burned stator. If
then trips off again, the water is in the oil, all seals
9. Plugged impeller or pipeline. should be replaced.
problem could be:
10.Discharge head may be too 4. After draining oil, carefully
a. short circuit in motor or high. Check elevation against
control panel loosen the power cord assembly
design point of pump. from the motor housing. With
b. water in the motor housing 11.Floats not hanging free in power cord loose, remove the
c. insufficient amp capacity of the sump. four screws (#6) and carefully
wiring or breakers 12.Malfunctioning floats. lift off the motor housing (#2)
d. improper panel wiring exposing the capacitor (single
phase [1ø] only) and the
5. Tripped overload. If overload Checking Power Cord: motor assembly.
is manually reset and then trips
off again, the problem could be: To be sure wires are not 5. On single phase units, check
burned off or broken in cord, capacitor (#3) using ohmmeter.
a. pump or piping clogged use ohmmeter for check. Set With ohmmeter scale set at R
b. pump motor or bearings ohmmeter scale pointer to R X 1 X 1000, attach meter leads to
may be defective scale and attach one meter lead to capacitor. The meter needle
white cord wire and one meter should go to zero and come
4
back slowly. If it does not, the Resistance: stain the oil, changing it
capacitor should be replaced. 1ø Main1ø Start3ø Bal. from clear, to slightly discolored,
6. To check motor stator, remove to cloudy, and finally to a
230V 1.78 3.53 6.65 milky white.
power cord leads from terminal
bushings on top of motor. If 460V — — 6.65 Except for very rare instances, the
stator is visibly burned, motor 200V — — 3.4 motor will continue to be protected
assembly must be replaced. 575V — — 27.97 by the upper mechanical seal. If
7. Ground check on stator seal probe is used the pump will
should be performed using not shut off when water in the oil
9. For three phase pumps, is sensed. However, if connected
ohmmeter with scale set at R X remove the power cord assembly
100 and checking meter by to a control panel, an alarm
(#27) by cutting the butt or light will be activated. The
putting both meter leads connections and removing the
together and adjusting the needle panel alarm will show failure.
power cord from the pump. The lower seal and oil must
knob until meter reads zero. If
meter cannot be adjusted to 10.Twist the three leads of one be replaced.
zero, it will indicate that end of the power cord together.
batteries in meter must be Then at the other end, with an
ohmmeter, check any two Lower Seal:
replaced. Always make this
test with the meter when scale leads. Also check the third lead If water is found in the seal
pointer is set to a new scale with either of the first two. If a chamber, the lower seal must be
before making any checks on zero reading is indicated for replaced. Separate the volute by
the motor. any wire, the wire is broken removing the three cap screws
and a new power cord assembly (#7) holding the volute case (#10)
Now connect one meter lead to must be installed. to the upper volute.
one terminal of stator and
touch and other meter lead to Insert a large screwdriver in the
motor stator shell. If needle on Seal Housing: slotted pump shaft and strike the
ohmmeter goes completely to impeller sharply with a plastic or
The pump is equipped with two rubber headed hammer. The
zero, the motor probably has a mechanical seals mounted in
wire touching the stator at impeller should spin free. The
tandem. The lower seal (#20) and impeller holds the rotation carbon
some point and the motor the upper seal (#8) consist of a
assembly will have to ring of the lower mechanical seal
ceramic stationary seat and a against the stationary ceramic
be replaced. carbon rotating ring. seat by compressing a stainless
8. Winding Resistance Test: As noted, if water is detected in steel spring.
should be performed if the the motor housing, inspect the
ground test is satisfactory. Use When the impeller is removed, the
power cord connection, pipe plug spring will relax, allowing the
ohmmeter with scale pointer connections, O-rings, the motor
set on R X 1 scale. On this carbon ring to be removed. There
housing itself, and the two is a rubber sleeve (bellows) inside
scale, meter reads directly on mechanical seals.
ohms. Always check the meter the spring which grips the pump
There are two quarts of oil in the shaft. This often restricts the
with leads together as
motor housing. This is a paraffinic spring and must be pried or
described above under Ground
“SE-40” process oil. The same oil pulled loose.
Check Test before making a
is used in the seal housing (#13) With the carbon ring, spring, and
reading of the winding.
between the two mechanical seals. rubber sleeve removed, wedge the
Connect one motor lead to the To check the seals, remove the
white wire terminal and the ceramic seat out of the housing.
lower housing pipe plug (#11) Be sure not to scratch or mar the
other meter lead to the black and pour the oil out into a
wire terminal. This reading is pump shaft.
clean, preferably glass, container.
for the main winding (1ø). If Look for the milky color as
the readings obtained do not noted previously. Upper Seal:
agree with those given below,
If the oil is clear, the lower seal is 1. To remove and replace the
the stator is defective and the
still good. If this seal is damaged, upper mechanical seal (#8), the
motor assembly must be replaced.
water will seep in and continue to
5
Reassembly seal, replace both the rotational
Pump 1. Thoroughly clean the seal and the stationary seal halves.
Maintenance plate, particularly the seal and
bearing pockets. All sand and 9. Reassemble the lower seal
dirt must be removed. as described.
base (#10), impeller (#16),
lower mechanical seal (#20), 2. If the stationary seal half was
and volute must be removed removed, use a plastic pusher
to press it into the housing. Note: If seal probe is used, go to
first. Drain the seal oil from Step 16.
the housing by removing pipe Make sure the rubber ring goes
plug (#11). in first. Do not use any
sharp objects that may damage 10.Add a drop of Locktite 277* to
2. The rotating carbon ring and the seal. the impeller threads and screw
stainless steel spring are
3. When installing a replacement the impeller (#16) on hand
held in place by a snap ring
bearing press only on the inner tight. The impeller will force
(#21) and washer (#15).
face and make sure the bearing the rotating seal half (#20)
Remove these.
is flush against the snap ring. If into position.
3. Remove the four hex head a press is not available, the 11.Set the seal housing and
stator bolts(#32) and lift the bearing can be tapped onto the motor housing assembly into
stator (#5) from the seal plate shaft using a sleeve that bears the volute case (#10) and
(#14). A screwdriver can be only on the inner face. secure with four hex head
inserted under the stator shell Pressing on the outer face will screws (#7).
in order to remove the stator. ruin the bearing.
12.To replace the power cord on
4. Bump the end of the shaft with 4. Push the shaft, rotor and ball single phase pumps, as
a plastic hammer. This will bearing assembly into the seal determined on page 5, first slip
push the rotating half of the plate, being careful not to chip the stator lead wires through
mechanical seal from the shaft the ceramic of the stationary the holes in the wire seal
and also push the lower bearing seal half. assembly. Coat the cord grip
from the seal plate. Now
5. Replace the stator if it is threads with pipe dope or
remove the shaft, rotor, and
visibly burned or if the ground apply teflon tape and screw the
bearing assembly from the
resistance test or the winding new power cord assembly into
seal plate.
resistance test has failed. Note the motor housing. Referring
5. If water was found in the oil, that the replacement stator to wiring diagrams in this
the rotating and stationary must be of the same manufacture manual, secure wires together.
halves of the mechanical seal as the existing rotor, or vice
must be replaced. Remove the versa. Replace the four stator
stationary seal half by inserting bolts (#32). Note: Do not tape leads together
a screwdriver into seal plate as the hot oil will deteriorate the
from the top and tapping 6. Remove the old O-ring (#24), tape and cause failure.
lightly with a hammer. regardless of condition, and
replace. Place the new O-ring
6. Turning the bearing(#33, #34) over the seal plate shoulder. 13.Before filling the motor
by hand: if it feels rough when housing with oil, an air test
turned or looks rusted, it 7. Clean the motor housing (#2)
thoroughly, then position it should be performed. Apply 7
should be replaced. Obtain a to 8 pounds of air pressure in
bearing puller to remove the onto the seal plate.
the 1⁄4" NPT tap (#9) on the top
bearing. If a puller cannot be 8. Press the rotating seal half of the motor cover and seal
replaced over the bearing, (#13) onto the shaft with the chamber. (Note: Too much
remove the outer face by rubber ring facing the impeller. pressure will damage the seal.)
cracking in a vise. Now the Then submerge the pump in
outer face and balls can be water and check for leaks. If a
Caution: Mixing old and new
removed, allowing the inner leak occurs, isolate where it is
seal parts will cause immediate
face to be pulled. coming from and correct the
seal failure. When replacing
problem by replacing the
6
sealing part. If there are no 6. Float may be stuck. Be sure
leaks, fill the motor and seal Pump float operates freely in basin.
housing with high grade
transformer oil, such as
Troubleshooting 7. If all symptoms check OK,
motor winding may be open;
Factopure SE40 or equivalent, take pump to an authorized
to at least one inch below top Warning: Before handling these service center.
of housing. pumps and controls, always
Do not fill the motor housing disconnect the power first.
completely – allow air space Do not smoke or use sparkable Pump runs but does not
for expansion. Replace oil electrical devices or flames in a deliver water.
plug (#9). septic (gaseous) or possible 1. Check valve may be installed
14.Check for proper sealing of septic sump. backwards. Arrow in valve
lower seal assembly by adding points in direction of flow.
7–8 lbs. air pressure at (#11) Pump does not run or hum. 2. Discharge gate valve, if used,
tap oil fill hole. may be closed.
1. Check line voltage for
proper power. 3. Pump may be air locked. Start
Note: Too much pressure will and stop several times by plug-
2. Line circuit breaker may be ging and unplugging cord.
cause seal failure. Seal would off, or fuse may be blown
have to be replaced. Check vent hole in pump case
or loose. for plugging.
3. Water level in sump may be 4. Pump head may be too high.
Submerge in water. If air too low. Run in more water to Pump cannot deliver water
bubbles appear, isolate the activate switch. It will turn on over 100 ft. vertical.
source of the leak and correct when 90˚ has been achieved. Horizontal distance does not
the problem. If there are no 4. Pump cord plug may not be affect pumping, except loss
leaks fill lower seal chamber making contact in receptacle. due to friction.
with high grade transformer
oil. Lay pump on side and fill 5. If pump is using the series cord 5. Inlet in pump base may be
to 1⁄2" below fill plug. Replace plug, the two plugs may not be clogged. Remove pump and
plug (#11). plugged tight together. clean out openings.
15.Connect power cord wires to
terminals, connect power, and 1
27
check pump running. Motor
should run smoothly and be 9 30 29
free of vibration.
1"
16.To check seal probe, use 3
4
1Ø only
an ohmmeter to measure Oil
26
Level
resistance and check continuity. 31
If meter reads zero then 2
replace probe (#23). Check 5
probe sensor wire (#22) for 6
6
opens using the ohmmeter. If
reading is zero the wire is OK. 22
For shorts place lead on the 25
motor housing, making sure 23

bare metal surface is used. 7 24


14 13
Place the other lead on the 12 11
bared end (#26) of the probe
lead (#22). Reading should be 10
infinity (∞). If reading is zero 8
15
then replace seal probe lead. 21 20 17 18 19 16

Return to Step 10.

7
pump and clean per 2. Impeller or volute openings
Pump maintenance instructions. may be plugged or partially
Troubleshooting 3. Pump impeller may be partially plugged. Remove pump and
clean per maintenance instructions.
clogged causing motor to run
slow, resulting in motor 3. Pump impeller may be partially
6. Impeller or volute openings overload. Clear obstruction clogged causing motor to run
may be plugged or from volute and impeller. slow, resulting in motor
partially plugged. Remove overload. Clear obstruction
pump and clean per 4. Fuse size or circuit breaker is
too small. from volute and impeller.
maintenance instructions.
5. Defective motor stator: return 4. Defective motor stator: return
to Hydromatic service center to Hydromatic service center
Pump runs and pumps out for verification of failure. for verification of failure.
sump but does not stop. If symptom not found call
1. Float is stuck in up position. Hydromatic distributor or
Be sure float operates freely Motor runs for short time repair center for assistance.
in basin. then stops. Then after short
period starts again. Indicates
tripping overload caused by
Pump runs but delivers only symptom shown.
small amount of water. 1. Inlet in pump base may be
1. Pump may be air locked. Start clogged. Remove pump and
and stop several times. clean out openings.
2. Pump head may be too high.
Pump cannot deliver water
over 100 ft. vertical. 1
Horizontal distance does not 27
affect pumping, except loss
due to friction. 9 30 29
3. Inlet in pump base may be
clogged. Remove pump and 1" 4
clean out openings. 3 1Ø only
26
4. Impeller or volute openings Oil
Level
may be plugged or 31
partially plugged. Remove
2
pump and clean per
maintenance instructions. 5
6
5. Pump impeller may be partially 6
clogged causing motor to run
slow, resulting in motor
overload. Clear obstruction 22

from volute and impeller. 25


23
7 24
Fuse blows or circuit breaker 14 13
trips when pump starts. 12 11
1. Inlet in pump base may be
clogged. Remove pump and
10
clean out openings. 8

2. Impeller or volute openings 15


21 20 17 18 19 16
may be plugged or
partially plugged. Remove

8
Pump
Notes
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9
SKHD150
Parts List

POWER CORD 3-PHASE WIRING


W BK 1
L1 7
BL 2 4
L2 8 5 6
3 3
R R L3 9
START START
CAPACITOR 2 SWITCH LOW VOLTAGE
R
1
L1 1 4 7
BK
BL W R L2 2 5 8
L3 3 6 9
STATOR
HIGH VOLTAGE

Ref. No. Part No. Part No. Description Qty. Ref. No. Part No. Part No. Description Qty.
1 Phase 3 Phase 1 Phase 3 Phase
230V 230/460V 230V 230/460V
1 60-000-5 60-000-5 Handle 1 20 83-002-1 83-002-1 Shaft Seal-lower 1
2 56-023-2 56-023-2 Housing, Motor 1 20 83-007-1 83-007-1 Shaft Seal-lower 1
3 13208-001-1 n/a Capacitor (1ø, 230V) 1 21 975-001-1 975-001-1 Snap Ring 1
4 13209-003-1 n/a Solid State Switch (1ø, 230V) 1 22 6000-056-1 6000-056-1 Wire Terminal Assembly 1
5 12690-000-1 12691-000-1 Motor Assemly 1 23 8472-006-5 8472-006-5 Seal Failure Sensor 1
6 19100A012 19100A012 Screw, Hex Hd. 4 24 77-003-1 77-003-1 O-Ring 2
7 101-015-1 101-015-1 Screw, Hex Hd. 3 25 12709-000-2 12709-000-2 Adapter 1
8 17048-000-1 17048-000-1 Shaft Seal-Upper 1 26 12672A001 12672A001 Splice Connector 1
9 14981-001-1 14981-001-1 Pipe Plug, 1/4 NPT 1 27 13216-022-5 n/a Power Cord Assembly, 20' 1
10 9641-000-2 9641-000-2 Volute Case 1 w/plug,1ø only

11 87-004-1 87-004-1 Pipe Plug, 1/8 NPT 1 27 11644-089-5 11644-018-5 Power Cord Assembly, 20' w/S.F. 1

12 25-016-1 25-016-1 Screw Rd. Hd. 3 †28 n/a 73-001-1 Connector (3øm 230V/460V) 4

13 7579-001-2 7579-001-2 Housing, Bearing/Seal 1 29 13425-069-1 13425-069-1 Nameplate 1

14 6846-004-2 6846-004-2 Plate, Bearing/Seal 1 30 4580-001-1 4580-001-1 Drive Screw 2

15 156-052-1 156-052-1 Washer 1 31 * * Oil 1

16 9640-000-3 9640-000-3 Impeller 1


17 * * Locktite Sealant 1
18 n/a 518-001-1 Washer, Impeller (3ø only) 1
19 n/a 111-008-1 Screw, Impeller (3ø only) 1

10
SKHD150
1
27

9 30 29

1" 4
3 1Ø only
26
Oil
Level
31
2

5
6
6

22

25
23
7 24
14 13
12 11

10
8
15
21 20 17 18 19 16

11
LIMITED WARRANTY
HYDROMATIC warrants to the original consumer purchaser (“Purchaser” or “You”) of HYDROMATIC Sump
Pumps, Effluent Pumps, Sewage Pumps (other than 2-1/2"), and Package Systems, that they will be free from
defects in material and workmanship for the Warranty Period of 36 months from date of manufacture.

Our warranty will not apply to any product that, in our sole judgement, has been subject to negligence,
misapplication, improper installation, or improper maintenance. Without limiting the foregoing, operating a
three phase motor with single phase power through a phase converter will void the warranty. Note also that
three phase motors must be protected by three-leg, ambient compensated, extra-quick trip overload relays of
the recommended size or the warranty is void.
Your only remedy, and HYDROMATIC’s only duty, is that HYDROMATIC repair or replace defective products
(at HYDROMATIC’s choice). You must pay all labor and shipping charges associated with this warranty and
must request warranty service through the installing dealer as soon as a problem is discovered. No request
for service will be accepted if received after the Warranty Period has expired. This warranty is not transferable.
EXCEPTIONS: Hydromatic Special Application Pumps, Battery Back-Up Sump Pumps, Filtered Effluent
Pumps, Grinder Pumps, and 2-1/2" Sewage Pumps are warranted for a period of 12 months from date of
purchase or 18 months from date of manufacture, whichever comes first.
HYDROMATIC SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONTINGENT
DAMAGES WHATSOEVER.
THE FOREGOING WARRANTIES ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER EXPRESS AND
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE FOREGOING WARRANTIES
SHALL NOT EXTEND BEYOND THE DURATION EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on
the duration of an implied warranty, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to You. This warranty
gives You specific legal rights and You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
This warranty supersedes and replaces all previous warranty publications.

HYDROMATIC
740 East 9th Street, Ashland, OH 44805
Phone: 888-957-8677 • Fax: 888-840-7867 • Web Site: http://www.hydromatic.com

– Your Authorized Local Distributor –

USA CANADA
740 East 9th Street, Ashland, Ohio 44805 269 Trillium Drive, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada N2G 4W5
Tel: 888-957-8677 Fax: 888-840-7867 www.hydromatic.com Tel: 519-896-2163 Fax: 519-896-6337
© 2007 Hydromatic Ashland, Ohio. All Rights Reserved.
®
Part # 5625-194-1 Item # W-03-194 12/2/09