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DesertDawn

The Magazine of Dubai Women’s College

‫فجر الصحراء‬

Fatal traditions:
female circumcision in the UAE
Bedoon
No identity, no nation

The ugly truth about your degree


Is your university accredited?
HH Sheikh Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Noor Islamic Bank

THANK YOU
from Dubai Women’s College
for your generous donations

Red Crescent
Al Maktoum Foundation

To contribute to DWC students’ education


and future, please contact Bassima Al Alyah at:
Telephone: 04-2089238
Email: bassima.alalyah@hct.ac.ae

Dubai Islamic Bank Humanitarian Foundation


Contents 06 Women: Fatal traditions:


female circumcision in the UAE
The husband with the magic wand
Me, my mother and trust
Dear women drivers...

18 Education: The ugly truth about your degree


UAE parents prefer private schools
Raising stars

26 Society: Bedoon: no identity, no nation


Children in heels
I smoked!
Shhhh... don’t tell!
Driving with attitude
Gone with the debts

40 Art: The revolution of cavewomen

42 Personality: Learning is life

48 Business: The bright side of the economic crisis

50 Environment: Recycling is fun

61 !‫مشاركة أم مسؤولية؟‬

63 !‫مناهج دراسية بني اجلمود واتكالية؟‬

67 ‫ بدون وطن‬.. ‫ بدون هو ّية‬: ‫البدون‬

6 71 !‫عادات وتقاليد قد تؤدي إلى املوت‬

The opinions presented in this issue do not necessarily represent the views of Desert Dawn, the Applied Communications Department, DWC
or its officials. Desert Dawn welcomes submissions from all students, however, not all submissions may be printed and they may be edited for
space, style and content. Desert Dawn is produced by DWC’s Applied Communications Department and printed by Excel Printing Press..
©
Publisher
Dr. Howard Reed

From the Director


Editors & Designers
Hessa Al Hamadi
Reem Ahli

Writers
Ahlam Al Bannai
Amina Shahwari
audience anticipation would be
Aisha Bin Obood
high for this issue but that the Asma Al Zaabi
momentum might not be easy Ayesha Al Madani
to sustain. Probably the teachers Eman Al Owais
and I felt the same way. Fatema Al Kamali
Importantly, the students were Fatima Al Matrooshi
excited by the challenge and com- Hamda Al Bastaki
mitted to trying to generate debate Hamda Hassan
about important issues that are Hessa Al Hamadi
Hessa Falaknaz
frequently avoided. As every
Jumana Ghanem
educator knows, it is not just the Khulood Al Jasimi
end result but also the learning Maryam Al Falasi
process that is important at the Maryam Al Mulla
individual level, including the Mirah Al Falasi
personal awareness breakthrough Muna Abdelkarim
that may be relatively minor in Nuha Hassan
the eyes of others. These minor Reem Ahli
awareness breakthroughs are Shaikha Al Ayali
Shamma Al Mansouri
exciting to watch because they
Shamsa Ahmad
Dr. Howard Reed, DWC Director. often evolve into the next big Shatha Al Ameri
Ayesha Bin Zayed/DWC issue. It is safe to say that some, Wafa Al Marzouqi
if not most, of the articles in this
The previous issue of Desert issue started as an individual Cover by
Dawn seemed to catch some of seeing something that they had not Hessa Al Hamadi
our readers by surprise. They noticed before and through discus- Reem Ahli
did not think that our students sion and research the observation
would write about sex education, evolved into an article. Advisors
Dr. Hanan Hairab
boyats, divorce, perhaps even a
Chair-Applied Communications
disgusting but accepted social DD provides the learning platform Margo Tummel
habit like smoking. Some readers or the laboratory for that evolution Graphic Design
were definitely surprised that the to happen for the Team. It also Rajaa Abu-Jabr
College supported the stdents and provides the opportunity for a Journalism
published the socially relevant, similar process to happen for our
but slightly controversial articles. readers, both in print and online. Text editors:
Despite the surprise, the over- The DD Team and I are excited by Alison Harding
whelming response to the issue this process; we hope you are too Bindu Fernando
Dr. Hanan Hairab
was very positive and supportive, and look forward to your feedback
Laura McNabb
definitely abolishing any doubts regarding this issue.
that the Team might have had Dubai Women’s College
regarding the reaction of the Dr. Howard E. Reed Tel. +9714 2672 929
audience to sensitive topics and PO Box 16062, Dubai
encouraging the next Team to keep www.dwc.hct.ac.ae
writing about topics that are For feedback regarding Desert Dawn, please
frequently avoided. contact Dr. Hanan Hairab on +9714 2089530
or email: desert.dawn@hct.ac.ae
As the students prepared for this Publisher
issue, they were aware that the Designed and written by DWC Year 4
Applied Communications students
6 WOMEN

Female circumcision in the UAE. Who’s to blame? Wafa Al Marzouqi/DWC

Fatal traditions: female circumcision in the UAE


WAFA AL MARZOUQI
7

“I was eight years old when my ers. Although it has been banned knowledge in the tribe. “I was
mother took me and my sisters in UAE government hospitals, it feeling every needle prick as I
to the hospital. I was really terrified is still performed secretly in the was circumcised without any
because I didn’t know what was country. The common type of pain killers.” Mariam stresses
going on. I entered a white room circumcision in the UAE is the that female circumcision is a
and was told by the nurse to lay one in which a small portion of must in her tribe; those who are
on the bed. A few minutes later, the female genitalia is removed. circumcised will be respected and
I felt severe pain and then every- appreciated unlike those who are
thing ended,” narrates 21 year old Opinions on female circumcision not and who will be held inferior
Asma Obaid, about the day her vary because of cultural sensi- and looked down on. “Of course
mother took Asma and her five tivity and the different levels of I will circumcise my daughters
sisters for ‘a quick trip.’ education among members of and if my husband doesn’t like
the community. In a Desert Dawn the idea, I will do whatever it
Female circumcision is considered survey of 200 Emiratis from both takes to persuade him.”
a sensitive topic in UAE society as sexes on the subject of female
people still argue about whether circumcision, 34% of female Mariam tells the story of her
it is recommended Islamically or respondents were circumcised friend, 22 years old Alia Saeed,
simply practiced because of tribal because of customs and traditions. who was circumcised against her
traditions. A signifanct number A significant 40% of circumcised will when a man proposed to her
of UAE Nationals follow the foot- female participants were in favor and requested the circumcision
steps of their parents and grand- of female circumcision and will as a condition to marry her. “I re-
parents without questioning the circumcise their daughters searched the topic and I discovered
practice of female circumcision. in the future. 82% of all women that if it was done in the correct
respondents opposed the practice way, it is alright.” So she agreed
If Islam encourages female while 99% of male participants and married him.
circumcision, why do experts also opposed female circumcision.
consider the practice medically Sara Ali, a 23 year old university
and psychologically harmful to
females? Is there any religious
If Islam student, was circumcised at the
age of nine with her six sisters
text people should refer to? What encourages at a government hospital. One
is the medical point of view? Are of her sisters was not circumcised
there benefits to this practice? female after the authorities banned the
Many questions regarding female
circumcision need answers.
circumcision, practice. “My father didn’t like the
idea of female circumcision, but
why do the pressure from my grandmother
Female circumcision originated and aunts was greater than his
in Egypt in 100 BC, where
experts consider wish.”Sara believes female circum-
the concept of the Pharaoh’s the practice cision violates women’s rights.
circumcision was established.
It is based on the mutilation medically and Although the youngest in her family,
of the sensitive female genital
area, which leaves only a very
psychologically 22 years old bank employee Fatma
Essa is the only circumcised girl
small aperture for the passage harmful to in her family. Her mother took her
of urine and menstruation. This along with the mother’s friend
type of female circumcision is still females? and daughter to get both daughters
popular in some Arab countries circumcised. Fatma thinks her
such as Egypt and Sudan. In the Mariam Humaid, a 21 year old mother was influenced by her
Gulf countries, and specifically university student, was seven friend. “I don’t know the reasons
in the UAE, female circumcision years old when she was taken behind the circumcision and I
is to some still a tribal tradition to her grandmother’s house don’t know whether I am for or
and a religious tradition to oth- who was known for her medical against it, but I’m sure that my
8

mother won’t do anything that from gaining the knowledge about and sticking to real Islamic prac-
will cause me harm.” She explains such procedures, especially if it tices will guide the girls to proper
that every mother wants the best was carried out by unqualified behavior. Circumcising them won’t
for her daughter and so if the doctors or individuals.” make them better behaved.”
circumcision is harmful, her
mother would not do it.
While With reference to the origin of
female circumcision in Islam, Dr.
Mona Ahmed, a 22 year old student circumcision is Ahmed Al Haddad, Grand Mufti
and mother of two boys, said she of the UAE and Director of Ifta
will circumcise her daughter if performed on Department, notes that historically
she has a baby girl. She will do as
her mother did to her when she
men and women, Arabs always knew about female
circumcision, but only medicine
was only two days old. “In case there is no women performed the procedure.
my husband refused to circumcize He quotes Prophet Mohammed
our daughter, I won’t object to evidence from (PBUH) saying to a woman whom
him because my only objective for
circumcizing her is to follow the
the Quran he saw circumcising a girl: “cut
off only the foreskin (outer fold
Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH).” or Sunnah of skin over the clitoris; the
She stressed, however, if she prepuce) but don’t cut deeply (i.e.
circumcises her daughter, it will requiring the clitoris itself ), for this is
be in her early days and not when
she grows up.
female brighter for the face (of the girl)
and more favorable with the
circumcision. husband.” While circumcision is
On the other hand, Um Reem, performed on men and women,
a circumcised mother of two girls, As shown in the results of the there is no evidence from the
did not circumcise her daughters survey, the majority of UAE men Quran or Sunnah requiring female
because she believes it has no agree there is no point of female circumcision.
benefits. “When I know that the circumcision, rejecting the idea
damage caused by girls’ circumci- because of its many disadvantages The four Sunni schools of juris-
sion is much bigger than its ben- especially if it is performed prudece in Islam have slightly
efits, what’s the point of endanger- improperly. Mohammed Ahmed, different interpretations. Some
ing the lives of our daughters?” a 28 year old bank employee, of them see it as obligatory like
opposes female circumcision Al Shaafi’i school: “Circumcision
Fatma Al Marzouqi, a 25 year old because it leads to endless physical is obligatory for both men and
employee in Abu-Dhabi, opposes and psychological problems. “Many women, but on a very small scale
female circumcision for its violation who circumcise their daughters for women.” Some of them believe
of women’s rights. “Most people have misunderstood Islam and it is desirable like Hanbali and
who circumcise their daughters most of them perform it due to Hanafi, while Malki thinks it
are people who cling to their cultural reasons which do not is an honor for the girl.
tribal traditions and customs have anything to do with religion.”
which have nothing to do with Majed Ahmed, a 19 year old Dr. Ahmed Al Qubaisi, former
religion or medicine.” Agreeing university student, agrees with President, Department of Islamic
with Fatma, 22 years old student Mohammed. “The real reasons Studies at the University of Baghdad,
Maitha Mohammed, encourages behind female circumcision are and recently at the UAE University,
the authorities to take action on the traditions and customs with- agrees with Dr. Ahmed Al Haddad
female circumcision. “The author- out referring to the advice of that circumcision is a personal
ities must play a better advocacy experts.” He believes the practice choice, not religious. To him,
role. We are suffering today from of circumcision is unjust to females. many Muslims do it without any
the lack of resources and informa- “Many people are afraid their clear evidence from the Quran or
tion regarding the circumcision daughters will misbehave, so they Sunnah. He stresses on the signifi-
of girls which prevents individuals circumcise them. Good manners cance of the statement released by
9

the United Nations two years ago because of hygenic reasons. enjoying intercourse and turning
which totally prohibits female “Female circumcision is not her into a woman whose job is to
circumcision due to the harm it performed due to hygenic reasons deliver babies!”
causes. “Even if the simplest female and there is no harm if she is not
circumcision is beneficial to men, circumcised.” He also emphasizes Pharonic circumcision can be
we should not forget that it may the harm caused by Pharonic deadly as it may cause bleeding
harm the girl physically and circumcision and asks to punish and infections during intercourse
psychologically and in Islam we those who perform it because or while giving birth. Many females
are not allowed to favor one party it harms the woman and damages who experienced Pharonic circum-
over the other.” her relationship with her husband. cision have ended up in surgery
rooms or, in some cases, dead.
Dr. Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, an esteemed Medically speaking and according
Islamic scholar, noted in his study to one doctor (she asked not to be The role of the Government in
on women’s issues in Islam, as identified), male circumcision putting an end to this fatal tradition
posted on his website (www. is a must because it prevents serious is being questioned and a clarifica-
qaradawi.net), that people, includ- infections which could cause tion is needed on the legality of
ing doctors and scholars, support dangerous diseases such as cancer. female circumcision in the country
female circumcision to prevent She argues, however, that female as it is currently ambiguous. If it
females from committing sins. circumcision is medically unac- Number
is banned inofgovernment
circumcized women
hospitals,
“Many Muslim countries do not ceptable as there is no benefit why is it still being performed in
circumcise their women and we to it other than reducing the other health facilities? It comes
do not notice increased levels female’s sexual desires. “The as no surprise that many health
of females’ sinful acts there!” circumciser removes a part of officials refused to cooperate in
the female’s genitalia which leads providing information on the topic.
Dr. Al Haddad argues if female 34%
to reducing the female’s libido.” 66%
circumcision is to be performed, She also explains that in Pharonic Many refused to talk about female
it should be done at birth and not circumcision, the circumciser circumcision, preferring to keep
later which is forbidden in Islam. performs clitoridectomy (removing the silence. But how effective is
“It will harm the girl and reveal all or part of the labia minora, the that?
her private area.” Men, however, labia majora) “leaving the circum- Circumcized
can be circumcised at any age cised totally incapable of feeling/
Uncircumcized

Women’s opinions on circumcision Number of circumcized women Opinions of circumcized women on circumcision

18%

34% 40%
66% 60%
82%

With
Circumcized With
Against
Uncircumcized Against

Opinions of circumcized women on circumcision


10

The husband with the magic wand


SHAMSA AHMAD

Noura Abdulla, a 22 year old


single student, wanted to pluck
her eyebrows and reshape them
for a long time. “My mother refuses
each time saying that I can’t do it
as I am a single lady.” Arwa Salem,
who barely had any makeup on,
explained that her parents do not
allow her to wear makeup because
they think she is still young and
she needs to wait, although she
is 23 years old! “My family always
look at me as a child, and this
really bothers me.”

Sleeping over at a friend’s house


is another thing that many girls
wish to do. Aisha Abdulrahman,
Parents vs daughters. Shamsa Abdulla/DWC 20 years old, always wanted to
sleep over at her best friend’s
house, whom she has known for
Dear diary, eight years. “My mother allows
Many years ago, it was normal me to stay at my friend’s house
“Today I turned 23 and I am still to find parents who rejected a lot very late at night till around
waiting. You must know this very of things their daughters wanted 12 a.m. if we are working on a
well by now, how much I want to do as families were strict in project but she strongly refuses
this and for how long I have been many ways and did not allow a sleepover.”
waiting. Supposedly, I am an their daughters to go out, study
independent adult who can make or work. But with today’s devel- More stories from different young
decisions on her own, but appar- opment and openness in society, ladies demonstrate the various
ently I am not. My mom gave me young ladies are able to go to degrees of restriction families
again the same old answer: “Wait college, work, or go out with fewer impose on their daughters. Some
until you get married.” Well, I am restrictions. families object to very simple
sick and tired of it, I just want to things such as going out with
cut and dye my hair, why do I need Surprisingly, however, and despite friends or more serious issues
to wait for a man to do that!” the openness, many families do such as traveling to go to College.
not allow their daughters to do Ameera Khaled, a 25 year old bank
This is a piece from the diary of simple things for bizarre reasons. officer, had big dreams. “After
my angry friend who is still waiting Parents allow their daughters to finishing my bachelor degree
for a husband so she can cut and make big decisions related to their and working for two years at a
dye her hair. Something about it career and life while objecting to bank, I decided I wanted to get
got me thinking, not just laughing other simple things such as cutting my Masters Degree from the UK,
hypocritically at what I read. and dying their hair. so I spoke to my mother and her
11

answer was very sharp and brief: According to Fatima A, a mother they hear in society about girls
“Get married and then travel with of five daughters, it is all about misbehaving. “Girls are a
your husband wherever you want gossip. “I don’t allow my daughters responsibility,” comments Yosuf
to go.” Ameera was very disap- to go out with their friends. Not Abdullah, father of four daughters.
pointed by her mother’s response. because I don’t trust them, but “A heavy responsibility that will
“I don’t know when I am going because people like to talk and only go away when they get
to get married and I can’t plan my gossip in our society and they married.” This perception is
future career based on the husband might say bad things about my very common amongst parents,
who might or might not come.” daughters. If they are married, although to varying degrees. They
have to make sure their daughters
Practicing a hobby is an important
thing to many young ladies. Khawla
Parents allow are not doing anything that might
damage their own and the family’s
Saeed, a 24 year old accountant, their daughters reputation.
had different dreams when she
was a child. “I dreamt of becoming to make big Other families have a different
a horse rider, and I practiced horse
riding until I was 13.” At that time,
decisions point of view. Mariam S., a 50 year
old mother, does not allow her
her mom rejected horse riding related to their daughter to pluck her eyebrows,
claiming it was dangerous and cut or dye her hair until she gets
informing Khawla she could only career and life married because she believes the
go back to it if she got married.
Khawla did not understand her
while objecting bride should look different on her
wedding day. “A girl should keep
mother’s rejection and why she to other simple her beauty for her husband.”
was doing that.
things such as The practice goes back to culture
Mothers’ restrictions leave cutting and and traditions. People in this region
young women confused. It makes make daily decisions based on
young women think they are not dying their hair. these two factors. They embrace
complete and will always need them in their daily lives, especially
a man in their lives to make the people won’t talk about them and parents and the elderly. While this
decisions on their behalf. This will look for somebody else to could be really great when talking
will gradually make them lose gossip about.” Gossip is something about keeping the heritage and
self-confidence and the belief that that people tend to be very careful might not be the most effetive way
they are independent women. of, especially parents as gossiping in helping young women build
about a girl means gossiping about self-confidence and independent
A phrase such as “wait until you her reputation, which is the most personalities.
get married” raises many critical important thing about a girl in the
questions Why after marriage? local culture.
Why not now? What is it in a
husband that will make things go Other parents act this way with
fine? What is in the mother’s head their daughters to protect them.
that makes her think this way? Many families disapprove of stories
12

Me, my mother and trust


FATEMA AL KAMALI & HESSA FALAKNAZ

Mother-daughter communication. Hessa Falaknaz & Fatema Al Kamali/DWC


13

Hind and her siblings were playing Dr. Layla Al Samarai, Clinical body changes before experiencing
hide-and-seek in the backyard. Psychologist at Dubai Health them. “When my breasts were
This time it was her turn to hide. Authority, argues that the most developing, I always used to wrap
She rushed to the nearest room common problems that terminate a piece of cloth around them so it
scared that someone would find the dialogue between a mother wouldn’t show. It looked awful,”
her. She chose her father’s office and her daughter are the lack says K.A. a 16 year old girl.
and quickly crawled under of education and the generation
the table. When her brothers’ gap. Mothers always think their On average, girls first get their
voices approached the office, she daughters are still too young to periods when they are 12 or 13
squished her body to one of the understand. years old (some earlier or later).
corners to make sure they did Dr. Saif Ahmed Salim, Community
not find her. This was when
she caught her breath as she
Many girls are Medicine and Educational Health
Specialist at Dubai Health Authority,
noticed blood. shocked when advises a mother should begin
having conversations with her
This is what Hind, a 28 year old they first get daughter when the daughter starts
Emirati woman, had to say
describing her experience when
their period, understanding what is happening
around her, which is around 2 to 3
she got her menstrual period the because no one years old. This will make it much
first time. Hind thinks it was kind easier for the mother to talk to
of embarrassing to talk about ever told them her daughter later on when it
these issues with her mother. that this is is time for more important and
sensitive topics.
Some mothers do not know how only natural
important it is for their daughters Abeer Al Suwaidi, a mother of two,
to be educated about puberty and healthy. says her eight year old daughter
before experiencing the signs. started questioning her when she
Many girls are shocked when Embarrassment is another factor first saw a pack of sanitary pads
they first get their period because that keeps the mother from at home. “I explained it to her
no one ever told them that it is starting a dialogue. “Mothers when she was a bit older. This was
only natural and healthy. Some nowadays should know that when I realized that puberty is an
mothers feel uncomfortable about education about puberty is very important issue and not a matter
talking to their daughters as they important, because it shapes to ignore.”
might think it is shameful, while the way a female thinks about
others might not be aware how herself; the way she dresses, If daughters are not used to having
this could affect their daughters her hygiene and health,” Dr. Al conversations with their mothers,
psychologically. Samarai explains. Some mothers they may rely on their friends
wait till their daughters get their as a source of information about
Educating girls about the fact periods to start talking about different things in life, which is not
that the period is a natural body puberty. Most of them are not always the perfect solution. They
function and not an illness helps aware of how important it is for might even get false information
them react to its signs more easily. their daughters to know about from the Internet or magazines.
14

Some girls may be scared of sharing hood is gone, she can know that Dr. Prager, who hosts “Ask Dr.
the special news with their mothers it’s the birth of her womanhood, Iris” forums and manages the
because they think what is which is a nice thing,” Dr. Al content on several websites,
happening to them is abnormal, Samarai adds. Another positive including
Dr. Asamarai explains. On the fact to say is that every time
other hand, the ones who have a girl gets her period her body www.tampax.com,
absolutely no idea about what the is cleansed. www.always.com, and
period is will be in shock when www.beinggirl.com
they first get it. “When I got my Difficult topics are preferably
period, the first thought that came discussed in a place where there provided some of the tips for
to my mind was that I was dying,” is not much eye contact. “I talk to all mothers on how to talk to
says Maryam Abdulla, a teenager my mom about my secrets in the their daughters.
who has experienced the situation car, especially at night,” says 16
recently. year old Fatima M. Friendly He recommends the following:
conversations are always a good
If girls have no idea about what start no matter how hard the sub- • Talk openly with your
a period is and how it happens, ject is. Privacy is an important daughter, face to face, and more
most probably they will not know factor when it comes to such than once to make sure your
how to use a pad properly. “I had sensitive topics. “A mother might daughter understands what
to change my underwear more want to choose a place where her you are saying.
often because of Blood stains. I daughter will be comfortable,
wasn’t sure if my mom should which depends on the personality • If your own mother never
know about it,” says Alia, a bank of the girl. Some would like to go talked to you about your
employee. to a restaurant, while others period or puberty, you will feel
would prefer staying at home,” awkward which is normal.
Girls are supposed to be prepared Dr. Saif explains.
for the physical changes that will • Let your daughter know
happen to their body such as Lack of education, age difference that every girl goes through
developing breasts, body curves, and embarrassment are probably the physical changes in
hormones, pubic hair, and their the main reasons behind the different ages.
period. The way the information barrier between a mother and
is taught to girls should help them her daughter. A mother is her • If you are not sure about any
feel relieved and joyful when they daughter’s role model, friend of the information you have about
experience those first drops of and teacher. A healthy mother- puberty, there are several books
blood. Dr. Saif clarifies that mothers daughter relationship means that or websites you can refer to.
have to explain the signs of every daughter must know that
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) her mother is the one whom she • Be a good listener to her all
like mood swings, breast tender- can approach whenever she needs the time.
ness and sleepiness that will make help with such issues.
her identify that the changes she • Share your own personal
is experiencing are natural. experiences, so she feels relaxed.

A mother has to state positive


things to her daughter about
menstruation. She should also
know that it means her daughter’s
ovaries are working properly and
one day she will be a mother and
have children, which is beautiful.
“Instead of scaring your daughter
and making her feel that her child-
unrestrained passengers can seriously injure themselves and others

DON’T RISK IT!

PROTECT YOUR CHILD


WEAR A SEAT BELT
16

Dear women drivers…


AHLAM AL BANNAI

A BMW is parked on the side of my smart display screen, but I by selfish sellers. Ibrahim advises
the road on a very hot summer thought it was related to my key women drivers of paying extra
day with an open bonnet. If you battery. I went to a shopping mall attention to the age of the tires
come closer you will see 19 year and when I came back I tried to as a significant safety precaution
old Fatima wearing her abaya open my car but it failed. I thought as they could be older than what
and holding a towel and bottle it was an engine breakdown and they look.
of water to refill her car coolant. I panicked because I love my two
year old car,” said 20 year old Ibrahim believes women drivers
Fatima learned how to refill her student Hanan Mahmood. “ A take good care of their cars only
car coolant when she first saw a group of guys came to help me from the outside, but they lack
sign on her car display. She called and they told me it was a battery proper knowledge about important
her father and asked about the problem. They charged my car auto related issues such as the
danger of this sign; he showed her and asked me to go to the nearest engine and the brakes.
how to temporarily fix it and took repair shop to replace the battery
the car to the nearest repair shop. without switching off the car.” This Some women, however, do it all
experience was a wake up call to by themselves. Ibrahim has a
She usually faces this problem Hanan to learn more about the female customer who fixes her
with her car and she is used to warning icons. car on her own without any help
fixing it alone. “Everyone was from men, but she refers to the
staring at me, some of them were From the expert garage in specific cases when she
surprised and others offered help, According to auto repair experts, can not use the equipment at
but I was able to fix it alone,” Fatima the most common auto problems her home.
comments. among women are related to the
brakes or oil. “Some women buy Here is a list of the most common
Maryam Ali had a similar experi- a used car in a good condition, but signs one would see indicating
ence to Fatima’s. “I learnt the basic with old brakes, which is dangerous a problem in the vehicle:
warning icons from my brothers and can destroy the whole car.
as I was curious to know every- They come after the breakdown
thing related to cars even before when it’s too late to fix,” said Khalid
I started driving. While at college, Ibrahim, a garage owner in Sharjah.
I drove a basic car. After graduation,
I worked and then bought a fancy “Most of the women come to
car so everything changed from our garage to change the battery,
thekey to the start/stop button but actually they come when the
and from the flashy yellow warning battery dies although they would
icons to the smart display that have seen the sign before. Some
talks to me and shows me every- of them ignore the signs and some
thing.” delay taking their cars to the garage
because of laziness,” Ibrahim adds.
Unlike these brave females, there
are some girls who do not have Most women with auto repair
enough knowledge about these problems are victims of fake
signs. “I saw the battery icon on pieces and are usually cheated
17

The sign means the system You will regularly see this sign. If you see this low tire pressure
detected an error in the engine. It means that the oil is low. Visit icon, stop by the nearest petrol
There are many different reasons the repair shop because this can station or the nearest repair shop
for this icon. Do not panic in case destroy the engine. to fill the tire. Please check the
you see this sign, but drive safely suitable average pressure for
to the nearest auto repair shop. your car tire.

This is the sign that you should This is related to the battery. The above sign means you should
never ignore. Stop driving imme- Do not stop the car immediately, release the parking brake, or you
diately and switch off the engine because it might not start again. have a serious problem with your
for a few minutes then turn it The sign may pop up because the brake system. Try to release the
on to check the coolant or the battery is dead. Go directly to the parking brake. If the sign does
radiator. Be careful while opening closest repair shop to change the not disappear, please visit the
the bonnet and radiator cap as battery or to recharge it. If your repair shop.
it might be too hot! car stops on the way, try to charge
it from another car (get help) and
drive directly to the nearest repair
shop without turning the engine off.

* icons designed by Aisha Bin Obood


18 EDUCATION

Confusion is evident between the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Resaerch and universities. Mariam Al Falasi/DWC

The ugly truth about your degree


JUMANA GHANEM & MARIAM AL FALASI

Scrolling through the admission Ibrahim graduated in 2002 from an accredited certificate. “I did not
pages, checking the requirements, the Polytechnic University, now realize that accreditation would
essay papers scattered all over the known as Dubai University. During be a crucial matter for my degree
desk…Ibrahim is trying to fulfill that period, its programs were as no one pointed that out to us
the criteria essential for applying obtained from universities in the at school. I just assumed that
to universities inWashington D.C UK and were under evaluation. At since the university was registering
“I wanted to pursue my Masters in the time Ibrahim graduated from students, it meant that its programs
the UAE; unfortunately, none of the the college, none of the degrees were accredited,” Ibrahim noted.
universities accepted my Bachelor were accredited by the Ministry
degree which I received from the of Higher Education and Scientific Having an accredited certification
UK’s Leeds Metropolitan Univer- Research (MOHESR). by MOHESR means the program
sity,” said Ibrahim, an executive or degree has met the quality
director at a leading companies According to MOHESR, the UAE criteria of the required academic
in Dubai. has 69 licensed institutions with standards. Details about accredited
479 accredited programs in total. institutions and the accreditation
If the UAE has become a hub, The figure excludes the number process are available for the public
attracting famous and well-known of operational non-licensed on the Commission for Academic
universities, why is Ibrahim unable universities. Ibrahim is one of Accreditation website (www.caa.ae).
to apply for postgraduate programs many students who are clueless
in his own country? about the importance of having Ms. Fatma Al Mohannadi, Director
19

of Government Communication the university graduates the first When confronted by the rule
Department at the MOHESR, batch, which did not happen and of MOHESR prohibiting the enroll-
emphasizes that MOHESR is ultimately the university was shut ment of students while the
trying to raise more awareness down. Sara had to accept a job institution is under evaluation,
among students about the issue. which rejected her Bachelor certif- the person simply answered that
“MOHESR regularly publishes icate since it was not acredited and this rule is not taken seriously by
the list of licensed institutions she was hired based on her high the university’s administration and
and accredited programs in the school qualifications only, until it is up to them to make the choice
UAE in the newspapers and also she rejoined a certified university to enroll students. The source
organizes lectures for students for another four years. added the university did every-
at high schools,” she says. thing it could to help its students
get the accreditation by flying
There is a number of unaccredited “...programs over their delegations of professors
universities, which are operational in licensed and the director of the university
to the UAE to discuss the matter
in the country such as Dubai
Middlesex, Manchester Busi- institutions with the Ministry. This university
ness School and French Fashion is no longer operating.
University Esmod. Though the must be
Ministry rules clearly state that accredited prior Another certificate, which is not
no institution is allowed to admit accredited by MOHESR is distance
students into its programs or to students’ education by institutions outside
promote such programs if they are the country. Aliyah Ahmed, a young,
still going through the assessment enrollments.” successful lawyer, took the path of
stage, it does not impose strict the non-traditional education “I
penalties on those which do not Ms. Al Mohannadi refutes the studied with the London School
cooperate. Ms. Al Mohannadi says allegations of institutions which of Law, one of the best universities
the program will not be accredited imply that they have to be out there for law. I completed the
if the institutions enrolled students operational and enroll students full program and went to the UK
while under evaluation and students into their programs in order to get to have my exams,” she says.
will be accountable for their own accreditation “Not true, programs Thankfully, Aliyah found good
decisions to join such institutions. in licensed institutions must be interest from different law compa-
accredited prior to students’ nies in the UAE regardless of her
Nevertheless students still fall enrollments,” she confirmed. certificate’s lack of accreditation.
into the claims and the blank Yet Aliyah is still facing one hurdle;
promises of some universities, When several universities were she dreams of establishing her
which advertise that the programs approached by Desert Dawn own law firm which she cannot
will be certified after students journalists for comments on achieve because her degree is not
complete the courses. This is what the issue, none of them agreed certified by the Ministry.
happened with Sara Ghanem, who to comment unless they could
attended Al-Quds University in remain anonymous. An anony- Rules are overlooked and a state
1997, a well-known institution mous source revealed that its of confusion is evident between
from Jordan. “I saw the advertise- university applied for the the Ministry and universities. In
ment about this university in the accreditation while signing up the the middle of the system, the
newspaper, found out more infor- students for the undergraduate rights of the students are lost. “We
mation about it, and I got excited programs. The source also need more transparency from the
to take a major that I always mentionedthat MOHESR asked education authority and more
wanted, Sociology and History,” the university to provide its attention,” says Ibrahim as he finally
she says. Sara and Fatima Ibrahim, curricula in English whereas this clicks on the submission button
another student from the same university taught all its subjects with hopes to get an acceptance
university, recall that the university in Arabic; they could not meet confirmation in the near future.
assured them accreditation would this requirement, therefore, the
only come from the Ministry after programs were denied accreditation.
20

KG students during class time with their South African teacher. Maryam AL Mulla/DWC

UAE parents prefer private schools


MARIAM AL MULLA

“Oh, it is time to choose a school Choosing the right school for “Fifty three percent of local
for my son. I cannot decide which children’s education is a difficult students are attending private
is better; public or private! I am task for UAE National parents. It is schools. It is an obvious move to
very stressed out,” says Mohammed important that parents investigate private education and it has been
Ali, father of a 5 year old boy. different schools before making gradually increasing over the last
Mohammed is confused. “Frankly, this decision, checking out things 10 years. Reasons vary and we
I cannot decide unless I investigate like the environment, curriculum, don’t have any evidence to support
and check with my relatives and extracurricular activities and that as well,” states Dr. Abdulla
friends on the best school for most importantly the quality of Al Karam, Chairman of the Board
my son.” the teachers. Parents spend a of Directors, Director General of
good amount of time searching Dubai’s Knowledge and Human
the best for their children. Development Authority (KHDA).
21

But why do local parents prefer son’s progress in English is weak. is happy about the diversity and
private schools? As English is the second official agrees that “the private school’s
language in the UAE, Ali believes environment helps my daughter
“Actually, parents send their it is important to solve this problem. shape her personality and bridges
children to private schools for two The local market demands good the gaps among cultures. This will
reasons: one is the proper English English communications skills. definitely help her in the future
education they offer and second when she works with different
is the interactive activities which people from different nationalities
help the children remember what “Fifty three and cultures.”
they learn,” says Ms. Kalthoom
AL Balooshi, Head of Customer
percent of local Hassan Ali agrees that the interna-
Services at KHDA. students are tional mix private schools provide
is irreplaceable. “My daughter
The biggest question parents have attending is now more sociable and she
communicates well with different
is: which is better, private or public
schools? “We can’t say private
private schools. people without feeling shy or
schools are better than public it is an obvious hesitant. The mixed culture
schools. Based on the inspection changed her a lot by exposing
KHDA conducts every year, both move to private her to new cultures and life styles.”
He argues that public schools “
have advantages and disadvantages.
However, public schools are
education.” offer poor teaching methods
progressing,” Al Balooshi believes. and definitely don’t pay good
Behavior and discipline is another attention to the English language,
Parents need to take the initiative differentiating factor for parents. which disappoints me a lot.”
and find the best schools for their Local parents worry about their
children. “Parents should share children’s discipline and how they Other parents commend the
the responsibility of making the will behave once they graduate private school system for teaching
right decision and not depending from private schools. “My daughter their children independence and
on the government to help. Choosing used to be in a private school from confidence. “The private school
the best is a responsibility of the KG1 to Grade 6. Then I transferred adds value to my children’s per-
parents. They need to investigate her to a public school because I sonalities by making them more
for the best school and refer to the knew that she had the basics from independent and confident which
inspection report available on the the private school,” says Asma will definitely help them in real
KHDA official website,” she adds. Mohammed. “I transferred her life later,” says Abeer Mohammed,
because I was worried about her a mother of two children.
Ali Mohammed, parent of a 4 year behavior as she is influenced by
old girl, sends his daughter to a others easily.” Abeer believes teachers at public
public school because education schools force children to memorize
is free. He is aware of the short- On the other hand, Amna AL Mu- the academic content while teach-
comings. “Studying in public school tawa, mother of a 5 year old girl, ers at private schools make real
is not beneficial and the fundamen- selected a private school because efforts stressing on research and
tal course in English is very poor.” teachers’ qualifications were ex- teamwork to help students under-
cellent. “My daughter is progress- stand the subjects better.
However, Hassan Ali, father of ing very well and that goes to the
a 17 year old, has a different qualified teachers the school has Noora Ahmed, mother of two pri-
opinion on the quality of education employed and the time and effort vate school children, recommends
at public school. “My son has they spend on each child during the private school system as it
attended public schools since KG the learning process.” contributed positively to developing
stage. I never faced any problem her children’s personalities. “The
with his education and I chose his A mix of cultures and a variety school makes a dramatic change to
school because of its good reputa- of nationalities might affect the their way of thinking. My children
tion.” Ali admits, however, that his children’s personalities. Amna are practicing basic lifestyle
22

my proudest achievements,” Dr.


Reed says proudly. “I would like
to advise local parents to spend
more time investigating the quality
of education before making the
final decision.”

...many parents’
decisions about
school choices
are based on
other peoples’
choices,
especially those
who belong to
the same social
circle...
Hanan Al Muhairi, a DWC
graduate, believes English
language is one of the biggest
disadvantages of public schools.
“I was sent to a public school and
it wasn’t a bad experience for me.
Group of students are working on coloring pictures as required. Maryam AL Mulla/DWC
However, I noticed my English
would not progress any further
if I only depended on school so I
behavior like sharing, talking about schools are good and bad, certainly had to take some English courses
events and issues independently, most of our students who came in a specialized center in order
and their eating habits are becoming from private schools are good at to improve my language before
better as I observe them at home.” English, however, they are weak in I joined the College. For other areas
other areas,” Dr. Reed says. On the and skills, I think school prepared
Dr. Howard Reed, Senior Director other hand “not all students com- me well for College. It is always
at the Higher Colleges of Technology ing from public schools are good the individuals’ responsibility
and Director of Dubai Women’s either; some of them are weak in to look for their weaknesses and
College, believes many parents’ study habits and their time work on developing them so they
decisions about school choices are management skills are terrible,” become strong areas instead.”
based on other peoples’ choices, he continues. He is, however,
especially those who belong to disappointed with public schools.
Choosing and selecting the school
the same social circle. “The UAE “Public schools focus on memorizing
that is the best for children in the
society is very much oriented rather than training students to
UAE remains, however, a hard and
towards keeping up with each work on projects to learn more
challenging task for local parents.
other. For example, if Mohammed from them. Encouraging students
sends his kids to a private school, to work on real projects, work in
Yousef has got to send his kids teams, travel all over the world
to a private school too. Private and work with real companies are
23

Rising stars
EMAN AL OWAIS

A person’s ability to be the best is determined by his/her willingness to be the best. Desert Dawn asked some
of the top schools in Dubai to nominate their best senior high school students to talk about their achievements,
dreams and ambitions. They all seem to have a clear destination and know their goals.

Join us now to learn what they intend to achieve and what their goals are.

1. Alia Majid Al Mutawaa

School: Sukaina bint Al Hussain High School


Age: 17
Academic Average: 99.3%

I am ambitious and with ambition one will always be able to do many things at school, college,
and life in general. I encourage myself to study, work and get good marks so I can study what
I really want in the future which is architecture. I love my school because of my teachers;
they always encourage us to study and participate more in different competitions and
events. They care about our talents, which gives us confidence in our work.

2. Fawzyah Mohammed Al Khayatt

School: Al Salam High School


Age: 19
Academic Average: 98.7%

Fawzyah is a Dubai Cares volunteer, Takatof group member, and participant in many competi-
tions and events such as Sheikh Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Award for Distinguished
Academic Performance which she won. “The main factor which helped me to achieve my goals
is time management. It also helped me to build good leadership skills and get good grades
at school. I am an honest person who does not like lying or faking things.”

3. Aisha Mohammed Al Rumaithy

School: Al Ettihad Private School


Age: 15
Academic Average: 98.4%

“I love colors and mixing things together in décor and accessories. My ambition is to get to
the top and I always try to be the best. I am interested in chemical engineering as I always
loved chemistry. It is something new since most of people study business, IT, and media. I
won awards like Sheikh Hamdan Award and Sheikh Sultan Award for student excellence.”
24

4. Khadeeja Mohammed Al Jasemi

School: Al Sofouh High School


Age: 17
Academic Average: 97.6%

“I love planning projects. To begin any project, I don’t take any step without studying and
planning for it. I love to read books that teach me goals in personal development and English
novels. I would really like to study genetic engineering abroad, but I will never give up my
hobbies which are photography and design. I love relaxing and staying calm in my free time
which I find sitting on the beach.”

5. Razan Ahmed Al Marzouqi

School: Al Mizhar Private School for Girls


Age: 16
Academic Average: 97.5%

I like photography, playing the guitar, hanging out with my friends and shopping. My school
gave me the chance to be a leader through the Student Council. I became the president
of the Council this year. I am interested in history, politics and international studies and I
would really like to study media in the US. I am also interested in media production, producing
new movies, and broadcasting. I want to be a successful person and achieve something
important in my life. I want everything that I study to give me an advantage in my life so
I can do anything I want.

During my trip to Tanzania last year with my school, I saw the situation there and how
children live. I would really like to give a helping hand to those in need as Mahatma Gandhi
said: “Be the change you want to see in the world.” I feel I can be this change and try to make
the world a better place, for some people at least.”

6. Saffyh Tariq Al Khanji

School: Maria Al Gubttyh High School


Age: 16
Academic Average : 96.1%

“I love to write poetry in classical Arabic, short stories, and speeches. I gave some lectures
and I’ve taken some courses on how to give speeches and lectures. I love chemistry and
math, but writing and giving speeches are my hobbies and they suit my personality since
I am a very precise person. I strongly believe that those who love math are deep thinkers
and are always well organized. As Imam Al Shafi’i said: “Whoever learned math, he achieved
his wealth”.

I am interested in studying three different majors and am still confused which one to go
for: nuclear engineering, solar energy, or media. All three subjects are very interesting to
me and I can see myself studying one of those majors.”
25

7. Aisha Jamal Ahmed

School: Al Waha High School


Age: 17
Academic Average : 95.8%

“My dream is to study psychology abroad as I love to help others. I grew up in the house of
my stepfather who was kind to me. This was in addition to my mother who gave me confidence
and encouraged me to achieve my goals. I would like to learn other languages and communicate
with others so I can change some of the foreigners perceptions about Arabs.”

8. Rabab Hassan Ahmed

School: Al Rayah High School


Age: 17
Academic Average : 95.4%

“I would really like to study nuclear engineering as there are not enough locals who specialize
in it. I don’t want to take a desk job. I love to walk and have something interesting to do as
I am a hard worker. I believe that my ambitions and encouragement from my parents are
the things that will drive me to be the best and will help me achieve my desires in life.”

9. Nadia Tayeb Taher

School: Al Thuraya Private School


Age: 19
Academic Average : 88.7%

“I lost my father and so could not concentrate at school. I failed and had to change my
school. I tried to do my best to socialize again with the new students at the new school.
I tried my best to be one of the top students at the school. My teachers and my school supervisor
helped me a lot to improve so that my family and my father would be proud of me and I could
keep my father’s desire to get more than 90% this year. I have artistic tendencies and I love
to design things such as abayas. I really want to study business at DWC and work at the
same time so I can get some experience and get ready to start my own business.”

10. Noura Mansoor Al Awadhi

School: Al Khaleej National School


Age: 17
Academic Average : 87%

“Motivation is what gets you started, habit is what keeps you going” - Jim Ryun.

“When I read this quotation, I always feel it speak to me. I love to draw and sing and since
I was a little girl, I used to participate in inter school concerts and competitions. I would
love to study something new because I like to learn new things. The major I want to study is
nutrition as we have a high percentage of diabetes and obesity in the UAE. I believe in living
a healthy life and would really like to help my family, friends, and country on this issue. I am
an independent person, helpful and have a strong ability to achieve and get what I want and
that’s what encourages me to study and get higher marks.”
26 SOCIETY

Bedoon are people without nationalities or countries to belong to. Amina Shahwari/DWC

Bedoon: no identity, no nation


AMINA SHAHWARI & AYESHA ALMADANI

During a visit to one of the super- We are all Bedoon.” look, language and culture which
markets to buy groceries for the convinced me he is a productive
house, a young man in his UAE His answer made me think about young Emirati man. Now I wonder
traditional costume conspicuously the word ‘Bedoon’ since these how many people other than
caught my eye while placing some men wear our traditional clothes, myself have had a similar reaction
products on the shelves. Later, speak our language and have the to mine?
I saw another local looking man same Islamic and Arabic culture
busy cutting up onions in the fruit and traditions as ours. Most The word ‘Bedoon’ in Arabic
and vegetable section. I could not importantly, they were born and means “without.” It is generally
believe my eyes. I started to think have lived all their lives in the UAE used in the Gulf region to refer to
we are about to have our youth’s and have become neighbours and people with no official identities.
view of negligible jobs finally friends. So what is the difference In other words, Bedoon are people
changed. Low paid jobs which between a UAE national and a without nationalities and countries
in the past were undertaken by Bedoon? Why are they Bedoon? to belong to. They are also called
expatriates would now be occupied What does it mean for them to be non-citizens or stateless residents.
by our youth. I found myself Bedoon for many decades? Why
approaching one of them to express have they not been granted the Most of the UAE Bedoon were
my happiness, it did not last long! UAE citizenship? born, lived and settled in the UAE
He interrupted me saying:“Do you before its establishment in 1971.
see all these guys in kandooras? I was misled by this Bedoon’s Several of them held the passports
27

of the Emirate in which they were these years ended up with a dis- of vehicles owned by Bedoon.
living before the UAE was united. missal from my job.” He adds, “I Also, the Road Authority does not
During the pre-unification period, am, however, willing to serve my grant driving licenses to Bedoon
the seven Emirates used to grant country at any time if needed.” and it refuses the renewal of
specially issued passports to their existing licenses. According to
citizens. The family book or the A.H., whose father is orignially sources in the Road Authority in
National ID did not exist back Iranian, tells his family’s story. His Dubai, ceasing to grant driving
then. After the unification of the father was granted citizenship in licenses to Bedoons started
UAE, the Government issued the 1976 and passed away 12 years two years ago. A.H says he was
Nationality Law according to which later during medical treatment granted a driving license before
the renewal of the old passports in Iran where he was buried. A.H. the implementation of this law.
ceased, therefore, the passport was just 8 years old back then.
became invalid. Accordingly, the “My three sisters are married A.H then moved on to talk about
passport holders became Bedoon. to Emirati men in spite of age another aspect of his life as a
differences between them and Bedoon. A.H. admitted he is unable
The Bedoon are not only deprived their husbands. One of my sisters to marry the girl he wants to spend
of the right to citizenship, but is a third wife to her husband, his life with as she is Emirati. He
also to education, medical care, is challenged by the government,
and documenting marriage and
divorce certificates. Many of
The Bedoon are which considers Bedoon’s
marriage certificates invalid. So
them struggle to obtain birth and not only even if A.H. proposes to a Bedoon
death certificates for their family girl, his marriage is not going to
members and relatives. deprived of the be documented in the court. This

Hassan Ibrahim, 44, is a Bedoon


right to citizen- has led many Bedoon to hold the
marriage procedures at home by
who was born in Sharjah. “My ship, but also a marriage official. But it only gets
father left Iran, his original country, more complicated. These officials
seeking a job in the UAE before to education, have been recently notified by the
its establishment. He lived here, medical care, and Ministry of Justice not to approve
worked and got married until he or perform such a ceremony for
was granted Sharjah’s passport.” documenting Bedoon.
This scenario is similar to many
cases which happened before the
marriage and As a Marriage Official in Dubai
UAE formed in 1971. The country divorce Courts, Ali Ahmad Al Hmoodi says
used to be a coastal area settled the decision of not documenting
by many people from neighboring certificates. Bedoon’s marriage certificates
countries, especially Iran. Ibrahim went through several phases
says his father was just 12 years while the other is the fourth wife before becoming effective. “In the
old when he moved to the UAE. of another man,” A.H. says. He past, courts used to witness many
He has his father’s passport which believes his sisters got married cases of Emirati women marry-
was issued from Sharjah in 1953. to Emirati men to build a better ing Bedoon, but recently, the UAE
He also has his father’s job card future for themselves and their Government doesn’t approve this.
of 1967. “I was born here in the kids. He also does not deny the The Government cares about the
UAE and I am 44 years old now, fact that this has helped him in future of Emirati women as we
whereas my eldest brother is in his daily business which requires discovered that most Bedoon get
his fifties. Why are we treated showing official documents. One married to Emirati women only
like strangers in the country that of these deals is the renewal of his for the purpose to get citizenship.”
where we were born?” he asks. “I vehicle license, which is owned by
worked at Dubai Civil Defense for his married sister. A.A. tells of a similar story. She
12 years and I also served in the feels frustrated and disappointed.
Gulf War of 1990, but I feel sorry A.H. has to do this since the UAE She was engaged to an Emirati
to say that all I have done during Government refuses the renewal man and the marriage preparation
28

was going very well for the any country but the UAE,” she says rightfully deserve the UAE citizen-
wedding, planned to take place in response to one of the online ship under several conditions.
at Eid. A.A. was sadly shocked on discussions related to Bedoon According to Brigadier Abdul Aziz
the Eid day when she received a issues. “I believe that the National Maktoum Al Shareefi, Director of
phone call from her fiancée identity doesn’t merely mean the Preventive Security Department
informing her the wedding was holding a passport, but the real and the Committee Chief for the
off. Yet, this was not A.A.’s fiancée’s national identity means loyalty Ministry of Interior Affairs and
own decision, but a decision that and affiliation,” she concludes. the former Head of the Central
was actually made by his mother Committee for Resolving the
who made up her mind about the In response to many Bedoon Bedoon Issue, there are four
marriage of her son to a Bedoon claims for their right for naturaliza conditions which should be
on the wedding day! tion as they hold old passports taken into consideration before
of the Emirates, the concerned naturalizing the Bedoon. First, a
In this regard, the government Bedoon must have been living in
allows the marriage of Emirati the country before 2nd December
men to Bedoon women and
according to this marriage, the
unofficial 1971. Secondly, a Bedoon must
not conceal any identity papers
Bedoon wife becomes eligible for figures indicate that indicate his country of origin.
naturalization. But it seems the Thirdly, a Bedoon should have a
mother was troubled about how that the number good reputation in society. Finally,
her son was going to be perceived
in the community.
of non-citizens a Bedoon should not have commit-
ted any moral or national security
in the UAE is crimes. “Bedoon who don’t meet
Dam’at Al Bedoon (Bedoon Tears the conditions will be considered
in English) is the nickname of a
approximately as a threat to the residency laws
female Bedoon who refused to 10,000. the of the UAE,” Brigadier Al Shareefi
talk about some of her stories remarked.
as a Bedoon “Why are we cruelly Central
attacked? Do we belong to another
planet and do we have no God?
Committee of While the UAE Government
is making efforts to solve the
Why are we perceived as people Bedoon, however, problem, many Bedoon hide
who look like aliens? To all who their real identity documents as
hurt us I say remember that one says the number some might not qualify to become
day you will be confronted by
God to bring about justice for us.”
is much less. UAE citizens because of such
documents. This results in delays
She is from Ras Al Khaimah and solving the problem. According to
is waiting for her turn to receive authorities state: “Granting the The Middle East newspaper, the
citizenship as many other Bedoon. UAE citizenship is one of the government-formed Bedoon Com-
“I can be considered as one of rights granted to the Federal mittee has discovered many cases
this oppressed category of people Government on the basis, as per of identity forgery and giving false
who are waiting for their turn the National Law, that holding information in a bid to get the
to obtain the National ID of the the passport doesn’t necessarily UAE citizenship. The newspaper
UAE, but, unfortunately, I haven’t indicate holding citizenship.” adds many Bedoon entered the
received it yet despite the fact that UAE illegally to claim later that
I hold all the old official documents In an Oct 2006 issue, Al Bayan they were settled in the country
such as the old passport of Ras Al newspaper announced that the for many years and accordingly
Khaimah before the UAE’s estab- committee which was specially become eligible for naturalization.
lishment. I might have been born formed to solve the Bedoon case
to live as Bedoon until death, but in the UAE has successfully studied “The committee has taken into
the UAE will remain my country, the first list of non-citizens’ record consideration the importance
because since birth I never knew to identify the individuals who of resolving this problem as it
29

threatens the country’s national step has been taken in accordance


security and social life,” notes H.E. with an agreement signed by the
Major General Nasser Likhreibani UAE Government and the Comoro-
Al Nuaimi, Secretary General of sian Government. The agreement
the Office of the Deputy Prime requires granting Bedoon the
Minister, Minister of Interior, and Comorosian citizenship in order
Head of the Central Committee for them to at least adjust their
for Resolving the Bedoon Issue. legal condition in the UAE.
“Sheikh Saif Bin Zayed Al Nahyan,
the Minister of Interior, has The statement also said that
stressed the importance of bringing Sheikh Saif Bin Zayed Al Nahyan
this issue to an end by introducing has asked the authorities to give
more effective and practical Bedoon visas and cancel all fines
methods,” he adds. imposed on them to show his
appreciation for the respect
Unofficial figures indicate that Bedoon showed towards the
the number of non-citizens in the country’s sovereignty and security.
UAE is approximately 10,000.
The Central Committee of Bedoon, The UAE Government is hoping
however, says the number is to put an end to this problem,
much less. which has troubled the Govern-
ment for four decades. The UAE
The non-citizens or Bedoon are Government started to handle the
classified into three categories problem more effectively when
according to certain historical it announced in October, 2006 it
periods. The first category of has finally decided to grant UAE
Bedoon lived in the UAE before citizenship to 1294 Bedoon from
its establishment in 1971. The 296 families. This crucial step has
second category came after the ended the human agony of many
UAE establishment, while the Bedoon families.
third category came after the Gulf
War of 1990. The second and the All serious efforts made towards
third categories of Bedoon are not resolving more Bedoon cases will
rightfully eligible for naturalization definitely contribute to the social
as they did not live in the UAE prior and security welfare of the UAE.
to its establishment. What is trou-
bling to the Government is that
there are certain doubts about
members of these two categories
as some hide their real identities
to benefit from the privileges given
by the Government to its citizens.

The Ministry of Interior also said


in a statement that the members
of the second and third categories
of Bedoon have applied for
Comorosian passports to modify
their legal status in the country,
and accordingly this enables them
to get UAE citizenship later. This
30

Getting ready: ‘Flick’ goes her blackberry. HamdaAl Bastaki/DWC

Children in heels
HAMDA AL BASTAKI

Pink, red, orange, black and many to her birthday party, her 13th bangles of many brand names on
more eye shadow palettes and birthday party. one arm and a watch on the other.
nail polishes are scattered all But wait a minute! Schools are
over the dressing table. Mahra is Walking through malls, parties or supposed to be a learning zone,
looking at herself in the mirror to even schools, people might realize not a fashion runway.
make sure that she looks perfect. that teenagers nowadays are be-
She adjusts her bangs and poses coming materialistic. When some Even though some girls are not
in front of the mirror for a picture; girls enter their teens, they feel really interested in what their
“flick” goes her Blackberry. She pressure to buy what their friends friends have, they just force
is wearing a short cocktail dress have. At schools, some girls carry themselves to look cool. For this
with an orange belt. She kneels Marc by Marc Jacobs school bags generation, teenagers feel thrilled
down to put on her neon orange and pencil cases; wearing Gucci when getting compliments about
heels. Ready for the girls to come or Louis Vuitton shoes, or having their fashionable look, not about
31

what people think of their behavior. ever their daughters ask for. This friend. Dr. Asamarai clarifies that
Girls act superficially and think teaches the child to get used to girls nowadays think that they
materialistically. This is becoming not taking ‘no’ for an answer. must love somebody from the
a trend in society. other sex or else there is something
Dr. Layla Al Samarai - A Clinical wrong with them.
Some 13 year olds will want to Physiologist at Dubai Health
copy their 16 year old sisters, Authority believes that a mother Children TV stations nowadays
cousins or maybe friends. Even should still tell her daughter ‘no’. are interesting to both adults and
though it is only three years, this Mothers should always explain children. Most of them deliver
is a huge age gap. This may lead their decisions to their daughters content on emotions, boyfriends,
young teenagers to act older than and tell them why it is wrong. cheating and love; concepts that
their age. Copying others will “It’s normal for girls who just adults age 18 and above under-
make a teenager feel like she can entered their teenage years to stand more than young teenagers.
have things that are not suitable express discomfort to their parents’ Cartoons used to be about
for her age. decisions. This doesn’t mean that parenthood, helping the poor,
the parents have to change their hope, friendship, or having faith
Shamma Ali, a 15 year old Emirati, minds,” Dr. Al Samarai says. in a family member. Movies and
loves fashion and adores being cartoons helped raise a child.
noticed. She sometimes ignores As years passed by, topics and
her homework just to read celebrity ...if a person concepts of the stories started
gossip online and flip through
fashion magazines. “I hope my
enters a room to change. TV shows and series
that come from the West are
parents buy me a Classic Chanel full of playing a big role in a teenager’s
bag as a gift for my 16th birthday,” life. Teenagers think and act like
she prays. Shamma says that teenagers, she the characters they watch. Dr. Al
Victoria Beckham is her role model will see them Samarai believes it is the mother’s
and fashion icon. “I follow her on role to teach the daughter about
Twitter just to know what she flipping through the content of TV shows and how
wears to specific events.” Shamma
feels that if she had whatever
celebrity to relate it to her own culture.

celebrities have she would be magazines It is alarming for girls who just
happy for the rest of her life! entered their teenage years to
instead of comic look up to Paris Hilton, Kim
10 years ago, girls in their early
teenage years did not worry about
books... Kardashian and Britney Spears
who are all very sexualized. If
what others might think of their mothers were not there to be role
choice of fashion. They liked Teenagers used to play hide-n-seek, models for their daughters, it is
receiving accessories or clothes, act and play traditional games. But not surprising that the daughters
or maybe sometimes still asked now, if a person enters a room full would look up to someone else,
for games. Now, the more expensive of teenagers, s/he will see them someone like a celebrity. None of
it is, the more they like it. flipping through celebrity those celebrities have the same
magazines instead of comic books; background or culture of Emiratis
For a young teenager to demand gossiping instead of talking about or even the Gulf region.
a bran d name bag as a gift is how they spent their summer
shocking. A young teenager might vacation; or talking about the Dr. Al Samarai recommends that
force her opinion on her mother hottest guy in the last movie they mothers should take time to sit
and she can act angry if she did saw. ‘Twilight’ as an example, with their daughters to ask them
not like her mother’s decision. made them think that they love about their days and answer any
Some mothers seem like they are Edward Cullen the ‘vampire’ It is questions their daughters might
afraid to make their daughters not the way he looks, but the way have. If young girls can not get
feel sad or angry, agreeing to what- he showed love to Belle, his girl- answers from their mothers, they
32

will most probably seek another Young teenagers don’t realize


source of information which what they are missing from
might not be the best choice. their childhood, and parents are
not aware of how alarming this
Budoor Ahmed, a young mother phenomenon is becoming. Friends’
of 2, noticed something in young judgments and the society’s
teenagers that bothered her. mentality are making it hard for
“After going to Kidzania, I noticed some young teenagers to live
that many young teenagers liked their life as they are supposed to.
to hang out in the club section, Parental supervision is one of the
where they dance, sing and act most important things in raising
as if they are in a band or some- a child, especially daughters
thing”. She was standing behind in their teenage years.
her 2 daughters, 4 year old Asma
and 6 year old Reem. Budoor was
surprised on how excited they were
just by looking at the teenagers
as if they were watching a Disney
cartoon. She is worried for the
next generation and afraid how
her children will turn out when
they grow up.
33

I smoked!
think of me? My family thinks life from this moment… every-
of me as smart and wise, not a thing was created peacefully, why
crazy smoker! So, I felt angry and do I have to ruin this principle?” I
not in the mood for anything; was thinking. When you feel peace
when anyone wanted even to say within your soul, everything else
a word, my head felt as if it was seems to be quietly calm. I stood
Huda Kazim going to explode! I didn’t want and went to those gardeners. They
Year 1 Pharmacy Student to hear anything; I just wasn’t in were staring at me, astounded, as
the right mood. The following day if thinking,” What is she doing?”
wasn’t any better, it was the same I felt that they were a bit afraid
and I made it worse by smoking of me. However, I asked one of
Two months ago, and on a day two cigarettes. On the third day, them to give me the spade to help
that I won’t forget ever, one of my eye sight was diminishing and and I did! Honestly, I felt so proud
my cousins told me that she I couldn’t smell or hear things as of myself!
had started smoking back in perfectly as I used to before. To
her country. In those days, I was add more, I began to sense that If I am able to be a good person
broken emotionally, feeling empty my family members were avoiding and to have a positive influence
and extremely lonely, so I began me; they knew I might start a fight. on people, why should I not
thinking that cigarettes may help That fact was like a stabbing knife continue doing that? Instead of
in reducing the “emptiness” thing straight to the middle of my heart; feeling lonely, and harming myself
that filled my soul… “Maybe it will I was already lonely, I couldn’t be by trying new and bad things, why
pass “lonely” hours quickly… what more lonely than that, please God! should I not be a useful person?
will I lose? Let me try and see”, If people just begin discovering
I thought. Later at night, I went “I cannot live like this anymore!” their positive potentials, they
with her to a mall and bought a I cried after smoking the second will be able to see this world
packet of cigarettes. cigarette on the fifth day. I felt as a wonderful piece of painting;
lonely and helpless… it was like a charming scene with a soft
When I returned home, I tried I was drowning deeply in a dark breeze of positive influence.
to light the first cigarette, but I ocean. I felt emptiness was filling
couldn’t. I won’t deny the fact that my heart while my eyes were star- It was hard for me in the beginning
I was scared to death while trying ing at that cigarette between my to resist the desire of smoking.
that, but in the end, I did it! And fingers. I tried to hide my anger, However, human beings’ energies
began to smoke! “Ohh! I am smok- my sadness, but forcefully, a tear are unpredictable; if they try their
ing! Yes!” I was extremely happy came out from my eye and more best to reach their aims, they will.
and thought that I was capable followed. “What am I doing?” I
of doing anything I wanted. I was thought, feeling petty towards A few days later, whenever I felt
really an important person now! myself. I knew that I had to do the need to smoke, I took a walk
I nearly wanted to shout! My something before my life got more around the campus and tried to
cousin, who smokes, was beside complicated. Hence, I thought of think of how to help a friend or
me and asked me to light her a plan to save myself before it try a new good thing in my life
cigarette too, so I thought, “She was too late. or even to study until this feeling
needs me now, I’m important!” We went away. Now, a week later,
smoked together and I was very On the following day and after I have started learning how to
happy and extremely hyperactive; I reached my college, I sat on one play some musical instruments
I even thought of jumping from of the wooden chairs on the and it has made me forget about
the balcony! After I finished, we campus. The weather was calm smoking.
went to sleep. and the breeze was warm and
soft. I was staring at the sky… bird
Next day, I had a headache and my sound seemed like a song… girls
throat was burning, but I couldn’t were walking and gardeners were
tell anyone… what would they fixing the soil. “I will start my new
34

Shhhh… don’t tell!


ASMA AL ZAABI

Alia and Ali are a newly married


couple. They plan to have a nice
honeymoon in Malaysia, but they
did not tell anyone about their
destination. Shhh... Don’t tell!

Mariam got pregnant and she is


in her third month, but she asked
her husband not to tell anyone
from his family until the pregnancy
shows. Shhh... Don’t tell!

Salem is planning to pursue a


masters’ degree, but he decided
not to tell anyone until he gradu-
ates. Shhh... Don’t tell!

Mona, Mohammad and many


others are doing things without
telling even the closest person in
their lives. People are exaggerating
in hiding their matters and their
lives become full of secrets. Family
members are doing things wit out
telling each other. Some news is
great to know, but still they hide it.

Not telling is an age-old practice


in the UAE. Saleh Hassan, a 26
year old police officer, puts all the
blame on society. “I have noticed
our grandparents and the elderly
in the family hide many things
from us and they used to warn
us that they would punish us if
we reveal any family news. Conse-
quently, we inherited this habit.”

Human beings are born to be


socially connected. They need to
share and communicate especially
with the ones they love such as
Shhh, Don’t tell. Asma Al Zaabi/DWC
35

family members or closest friends. In a survey of 30 Emiratis designed doing the same herself. Why?
If people hide things from each in an attempt to measure peoples’ “I made a hard decision not to
other, what happiness are they beliefs about the “don’t tell” tell people about me especially
sharing? “I believe if I was close practice, 50% of the younger age my brother and his wife. He told
enough to a person, she should group (18-25 years) agreed not us he is going to travel with his
not hide things from me! Otherwise, telling helps them to hide their wife only two days before the
I am not that close,” notes Afra failure. To them, other people’s travel date. The next day my
Sultan, a college student. opinion of them is an important brother fell down and broke
issue. Around 30% of the 25 year his arm. His wife said someone
Justifying the behavior based age group agreed not telling will envied him!”
on religion is yet another thing. avoid envy. However, 80% of all
According to religious texts, participants believe it’s how they Dr. Al Shaikh commented that the
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said: were raised. nature of relationships among
“Do your things without telling.” people is getting more complicated.
Mona Rashed, a housewife, argues Dr. Ghada Al Shaikh, a Family “People have changed a lot, there-
people use this as an excuse not Specialist and Consultant, explains fore, they are not telling either
to tell. “People took this saying people always try to find someone because they do not like each
and followed it without realizing else to blame for their own mis- other or they think they do not
the fact that this saying was said takes. “People always justify their have to share their news with
in a special occasion or meant failure saying that people envy others. Both might cause compli-
to be used in certain situations.” them or use magic as a common cated relationships and misunder-
excuse to stop them from doing standing, especially in a culture
People hide things as they believe what they want. As a result they like the UAE where families and
telling will lead others to know won’t tell their news to others.” people are closely connected and
more about them. Mansoor Al Ali, Dr. Al Shaikh advises people to used to sharing everything.”
a banker, argues that telling others be open-minded and stop blaming
about his news makes him feel so others for their failure. “It is true
visible, which he does not like. that there is envy or magic in our Alia and Ali enjoyed their honey-
“I believe telling people about my society, but we can’t use them moon. When they came back to
news makes them want to know as an execuse for our faults or the airport no one was there wait-
more about me which makes me failure. Like a baby when s/he ing from their family to welcome
uncomfortable.” starts walking, falling might them. Mariam had a miscarriage
happen because we didn’t give and she was forced to tell everyone
Hanan Al Hamadi, a Department him/her enough space to walk! that she was pregnant! She start-
of Economic Development em- If a girl chooses the wrong man ed to think of excuses to defend
ployee, had some bad experiences in marriage, whose fault is this? herself in front of her husband’s
because, according to her, she used Is it the others’ or her fault? Not family. Salem got his Masters, but
to talk about her news to everyone. telling will not fix her marriage.” none of his friends attended his
“It really works sometimes! If you graduation ceremony.
tell, you might face lots of trouble College student Dana Husain
and you won’t reach your goal. explains that the majority of her
While sometimes if you do not relatives and friends do not share
tell, your plans run smoothly.” their news very often. She started
36

Bad driving manners is the real criminal. Aisha Bin Obood/DWC

Driving with attitude


AISHA BIN OBOOD

They do not use signals to reveal on their vehicles’ lights in the speed limit and yet cause a bad
their intentions. Red signals to daytime and turn them off when accident. Major General Engineer
them mean progressing gradually it is dark. Mohammed Saif Al Zafeen, Direc-
until reaching the crossing line. tor of the General Department
By the time it turns green, the They are neither warriors nor of Traffic at Dubai Police, explains
only thing left of them is ‘dust’. any terrorist group. In fact, they that over the past two years in
Intelligence to them is keeping are aggressive drivers! Whether Dubai irresponsible practices
their eyes on the edge of the road or not it is a trend to drive with have caused more than 90% of
monitoring their number one such attitude or lack of manners, car accidents. Recent numbers
enemy, the ‘radar’. They do not their actions are road violence.In released on the General Directorate
fear getting behind any moving accidents, speed gets the pointing of Abu-Dhabi Police website indicate
object as long as their fingers are fingers of blame. ‘Bad driving that over the past three months,
flashing the headlights. Amazingly, manners’ is the real criminal. 69 accidents were caused by not
they can always find a way to stand leaving enough space between
out from the rest. They could turn A driver can drive less than the one car and another. This has led
37

to 104 people being injured and ambulance in an emergency call. esteem. Blind imitation and
two dead. Campaigns targeting Now the question is, why such showing off are not limited to
aggressive driving and road behavior is on the rise? men. Some women adopt similar
violence were launched. Penalties manners. Recently, a story was
varied from fines and impounding Digging into the issue, the reasons all over the local newspapers and
vehicles to rehabilitation sessions. mainly are justified as side effects forums about a car chase between
of the fast modern life, in which Major General Engineer Mohammed
Aggressive driving can be com- traffic jams, stress and racing with Saif Al Zafeen and a white Lexus.
mitted in various ways. All actions time are the main characteristics. The car, which was speeding and
that encroach on road users’safety The Dubai Police attribute some of changing lanes randomly and ter-
and comfort, even gestures, are the behaviors to lack of patience rifying other drivers, appeared to
illegal. The Dubai Police website and dearth of time. On the other be driven by a young female after
lists several examples: looking hand, psychologists argue that he stopped the car. Would such
at other drivers with discontent, any social issue including aggres- irresponsible driving behavior be
using the horn unnecessarily and sive driving can be a reflection considered as a trend similar to us-
randomly, changing lanes aimlessly of suffering from family violence, ing Blackberries and flashy outfits?
and repeatedly, not giving way to frustration and having no anger Alia Al Falasi, a private sector
those who have right of passage control. Orabi Mohammad, Test employee, answers. “I don’t go
and much more. However, it is Authority Analyst at RTA, strongly extreme and think of it as a trend.
noticeable that some of those agrees that driving aggressively To me, I drive similar to men to
drivers are getting more creative on the road indicates a defect in drive home the point that women
in ways of breaking the law. “I the personality of the driver. He are not bad drivers.” Arguing with
always try to find shortcuts and rejects the excuse of saving time that, Khadija Abdulqader, a house-
ways to get rid of traffic jams,” says and avoiding traffic-jams and wife, makes clear that there is no
Ahmed Salem, a businessman. believes “aggressive drivers tend excuse for driving in an uncivilized
Admitting, however, that patience way and putting others’ lives in
is sometimes better, he adds: danger. Expressing her dissat-
“Once I didn’t want to stop in a Bad driving isfaction, “I mean their intensions
long line of cars, waiting for the
traffic light. I decided to enter a
attitudes are of being cool could easily flyaway
and turn into embarrassment and
bystreet. Unfortunately, it was widespread regret as soon as they cause an
full of speed bumps. Most of the accident.”
cars passed the traffic light and I among younger
was still driving slowly over each
speed bump”.
drivers as a way Drivers seem to exclude themselves
from the bigger image. They tend
of being ‘cool to hide under all that metal and
Bad driving attitudes are wide- behind shaded windows in an
spread among younger drivers
and trendy’. almost disconnected world closer
as a way of being ‘cool and trendy’. to invisibility. They hardly associate
An example is not keeping their to drive with bad manners even good driving practices to good
car signal on for too long, instead, with the absence of traffic-jams personal mannerism. They also
using one blink only while changing and external pressure.” forget that a country’s image
lanes or turning. Another way of could be tarnished by bad drivers.
being ‘cool’ is knowing how to Mira Rashid Abdullah, Corporal The bottom line is that there is no
get rid of the car in front of them. at Abu-Dhabi Police, believes point in having spacious and fancy
Of course flashing headlights are “certain driving manners indicate streets if they are distorted by
the best, but some prefer sticking the driver’s personality and good irresponsible selfish behavior.
right behind the car until its driver manners come from within first.”
changes the lane. Others do not To her, bad driving practices are Unfortunately, bad driving still
bother to wait, but they speed methods of showing-off and blind stand against the UAE’s efforts
up, change lanes and drive as an imitation coming from low self- of being a major tourist attraction.
38

Gone with the debts


HAMDAH HASSAN

the outside image of the campaign.


Unfortunately, if a person gets
into this lifestyle, they will find
that they do not own any assets
like a house, a car or even a small
business and all that they own is
mortgaged to banks and financing
companies.

S. Mohammed, a branch manager


at a national bank, explains the
reasons behind targeting UAE
Nationals in loans campaigns.
“There are two main reasons why
banks target UAE Nationals, they
have high incomes and job security.”
This applies to 85% of them,
he notes.
Taking car loans to buy luxurious cars. Wafa Al Marzouqi/DWC
Abdulaziz H, 21 year old officer
at Dubai Airport, acknowledges
All he cares about is the way he ask for more. The latter are his mistake, although failing to
looks. He would not feel self-con- easily drowned by debts. solve it. “I know it’s a headache to
fident if he were not wearing one live with loans, but it’s really hard
of his Rolex luxurious collection, Getting loans from banks is for me not to buy something that
carrying his Vertu mobile phone, becoming an easy process espe- interests me and I wouldn’t mind
with expensive cufflinks, shoes cially for UAE Nationals. National to get a new credit card for it.
and driving his lavish 650,000 banks offer UAE Nationals easy Right now half of my salary goes
AED car. Ahmed H., a 21 year old loan approvals. There are certain to the loans I have. I think banks
air steward, is one of many UAE campaigns designed with a UAE are there to help us do what we
nationals falling into the trap of National photo telling customers want. I like the high-class lifestyle
debts for the sake of living a to “buy your dream car today and and I’m enjoying it.”
high-class lifestyle. pay next year.” Such banks claim
they are trying to make life easier Some young Emiratis are con-
Life has many temptations for for people. Potential customers, cerned about what people think
young UAE nationals as luxury however, are tricked by these of them in terms of their look,
goods and services have become offers as they are not aware that how they dress, what car they
the trend and not everyone worries paying next year means that the drive and their personality and
about their actual income. Some loan will be doubled. Many loan behavior. Alia Salem, 26 year
are mature enough to accept the applicants do not bother to read old call center representative in
simple life they have, while others the terms and conditions of the an Abu-Dhabi company, totally
are materialistic and will always loans offered to them, but only see agrees with Abdulaziz and thinks
39

that being in debt is not a big deal. “My friends get loans for plastic “If parents don’t give care and
“I won’t feel comfortable going surgeries, Botox, fillers, nose jobs love to their children, this affects
out looking less stylish than my and liposuction. They aim for their personality negatively; they
friends, and I won’t accept it if what they call ‘a perfect look’ and will always feel insecure and
they look better than me, people it doesn’t matter to them what it will lack self-esteem.” When this
these days judge you by the way takes to do so.” Abdullah thinks child grows up, s/he might want
you look.” Salem’s father knew most of the girls in her age have to buy everything s/he likes as it
about the four credit cards she no future plans or goals; they care will make them feel secure. Many
has, but failed to stop her from about the outside rather than the parents experience this problem.
spending a lot of money on shop- inside. “After the plastic surgery Samya Ahmed, a mother of two
ping. “I don’t know why he was comes shopping as a priority boys and a girl, has lived a life
so angry about it! I told my father as well. I wonder how they can of debt with her husband and
I know what I’m doing and I’m manage to do all of this with a always wanted a better life for her
responsible for my actions.” AED12,000 salary. I think they children. “I was shocked when I
are very shallow, they don’t realize knew my son Mohamed had an
Being educated and realistic about the burden of living with debts AED 250,000 personal loan plus
how to respond to attractive loan and I feel very sorry for them.” a credit card. He spends money
offers is a challenge nowadays. on shopping, traveling and hanging
On the other hand, Emiratis who Fingers are mainly pointed at out with friends and sadly he
are passionate about investing parents for this problem. Dr. Suad doesn’t feel taking a loan is a mis-
in their future are not easily Al Marzouqi, Clinical Psychologist take.” She is sure that one day her
fooled into taking loans. Rashed and Assistant Professor of Physi- son will realize his mistake, but
Ebrahim, 23 year old IT technician ology at UAE University, believes hopefully not when it is too late.
in a Dubai real estate company, it all starts from home and how
believes loans are useful if there is parents bring up their children. “They have lived in a society
a proper payment plan, otherwise “The way parents raise their where everything is available,”
it might turn out to be a disaster. children determines their attitudes says Khaleda Saleh, a teacher
“There are some basics in life that when they grow up. Parents should and a mother of three boys. She
we need to get loans for, like a car, not meet their child’s every need argues the new generation does
a house or for an emergency case; whether it’s a game or a toy and not know how to save money.
other than that I will never take buy them everything they desire.” She also blames parents for their
a loan to buy unnecessary things. Dr. Al Marzouqi explains parents lack of supervision on what their
If I spend all the money I have on have to teach their children to be children watch on TV. “They are
useless goods, I’ll never be able a ‘self-made’ person and independ- obsessed with celebrities and
to continue my studies or get ent, rather than being spoiled movie stars; they spend a lot of
married,” he adds. and materialistic. “Children money imitating them,” she adds.
should be taught from an early
Reasons for taking loans vary de- age how to work hard for what It is the parents’ responsibility to
pending on priorities, temptations, they wish to have.” teach their children to prioritize
and satisfaction. Maryam Abdulla, their essentials in life because one
a 25 year old employee at DEWA, Unstable relationship or divorce day the fake lavish life-style will
shares a story about her friends. can also impact children’s behavior. vanish, but debts will last forever.
40 ART

Pech-Merle Cave in France. URL: http://debcattoi.com/paleo/images/SPOTTED%20HORSE.gif

The revelation of cavewomen


REEM AHLI

In the dark and silent solitude June 16, 2009; The Times, Septem- Scientists presented different
of a cave, flickering torchlight ber 11, 2009; and Mail Online, July factors to support the new exciting
reveals sleek fingers as they mold 6, 2009. discovery. The first one seems
and reshape the clay surface of the pretty obvious since it screams
wall. These deft fingers smear
different types of pigment together.
“prehistoric cave out that they have been done for
communication purposes. The
The pigments dissolve and produce paintings were second one imagines cave people
a new color that flows to fill the trying hard to bring life to their
engraved drawings on the wall, made by women boring caves by simply decorating
leaking into each line and dot,
finally creating a non-portable
as well as men.” them using these primitive draw-
ings inspired by the surrounding
work of art. environment. The third one sees
Cave paintings have always been that they were doing it in order
Art is history. Human beings left acknowledged as the significant to hunt the drawn animals as
remarkable genuine pieces as work of the cavemen. But what a result of their beliefs passed
proof of their expressive creativity. is cave painting? According to down by their ancestors. Another
Last year, scientists discovered the Encyclopedia of Irish & World reason is to tell the story of their
“prehistoric cave paintings were ART, it is “the drawing and paint- hunting voyages and adventures.
made by women as well as men.” ing on the walls and ceilings of Last is the idea that they have been
(The National Geographic News, the caves, 30,000 years ago.” used for their ancient religious
41

practice. Ana Tolvai, an artist at by enhancing their methods of According to the National Geo-
the Dubai Community Theater painting and developing new graphic News, scientists measured,
& Arts Centre (DUCTAC) explains techniques. This shows how much analyzed and studied the hand
“we don’t really know the role of art meant to our ancestors and stencils that were found in the
women and men back then, we how far they were willing to go Pech Merie and Gargas caves
are just making stories about it. in order to express their visions. in France. After finishing the
If the caveman was the hunter The artists did not witness the examination, the result assured
and the cavewoman was waiting finishing touches of their work. and confirmed women’s contribu-
for him to come back, maybe the The tools that they used were tions in these paintings. Afnan
cavewoman painted the hunting extremely primitive and basic. They Saeed, interior designer, is excited
scenes in order to help her partner used their fingers, feathers, twigs, by the new discovery. “This
in catching the prey, if indeed the horsehair and hollow bones to discovery is huge for women.
magic theory was proven right.” accomplish spraying techniques. We started as cavewomen equal
to cavemen, but later on through
Scientists are puzzled by the
discovery. The perspective of
this discovery the centuries men become superior
to women. Nowadays, it is really
women’s roles back then will changes so many interesting to know that the cave-
dramatically change as a result. men and women practiced rituals
If the cavewoman painted side theories about together side by side.”
by side with the caveman, then
her role was much bigger in the
women in the The above statement illustrates
society than their initial idea and prehistoric era. the importance of this discovery
this discovery changes so many to all women around the world.
theories about women in the Color raises another question. It is a grand celebration of women’s
prehistoric era. Professor Dean Where did the colors come from? creativity that goes back thousands
Snow from Pennsylvania State As basic as the tools sound, the of years . It proves how unique
University noted “we don’t know colors were too. Creativity is women are when applying their
the general role of artists in the necessary when trying to color vision through art and leaving
society (roughly 20,000 to 40,000 a brown solid wall. How could their fingerprints as historical
years ago) but it is a step forward it stand out? Basically, they used identification of what they have
to be able to say that a strong red ocher, yellow ocher, charcoal, created. After all, it was not just
majority of them were women.” black manganese oxide, animal about the cavemen!
(Mail Online, July 6,2009) blood, fruit juices, pigment mixes,
clay, and soot. We can tell how
Art is the ultimate way of express- sincere people were by the tremen-
ing one’s feelings. It is a way to dous efforts to make and give life
turn an idea in one’s mind into a to the art they were trying to make.
living reality that touches billions
of people around the world. The Indeed, knowing how basic their
most common themes and patterns techniques were, it became crucial
our ancestors drew were pictures to say that this is the ground base
of wild animals, tracing of human of the way scientists discovered
hands and stories that illustrated that women contributed to
dangerous hunting scenes. These creating some of the artwork
popular paintings are mostly back then. Usually when one
found in caves located in Europe. paints or draws, one leaves
behind the imprints of one’s own
Some of these outstanding paint- hand. It sounds simple, but this
ings were done over generations was considered the beginning
of time. Each generation continue of the breakthrough, or in other
the work of the previous one words, the enlightenment.
42 PERSONALITY

Learning is life
HESSA AL HAMADI

Tarifa with the UAE Ambassador in Italy. Tarifa Al Zaabi/DWC

Tarifa Ajaif Al Zaabi believes in the School Life Graduate Studies


lifelong learning cycle. Pursuing “I still remember the first day in Al Zaabi joined DWC in 1994, and
further education must never stop, kindergarden. I was an active kid, graduated in 1999 with a Higher
she believes. “My journey in educa but ironically I had two names, Diploma in Business Adminis-
tion will never end thanks to the Tarifa and Fatima, which were tration, followed by a Bachelor
Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT) given by my father and my mother in Applied Business Sciences in
and Dubai Women’s College (DWC).” respectively. It was a bit confusing 2000. In 2003 she graduated with
for me when attendance was taken a Masters degree in Business
Childhood in the class because I would not Administration Executive (MBA)
Al Zaabi had a peaceful childhood respond to someone calling me from the University of Sharjah.
in a supportive and loving family. Tarifa as I thought my name was By that time, she was employed
She is the youngest among her Fatima! Well, eventually, I overcame by the HCT at Sharjah Women’s
two brothers and two sisters. She this in 3rd grade!” College. “Then I realized that there
was inspired by their enthusiasm are many things left for me to learn
and hard work. “They are my Al Zaabi loved her school life as and learning doesn’t necessarily
role models professionally and she was one of the outstanding need to stop right here.” As a result,
personally,” she affirms. “Tarifa students who participated in differ- she decided to join the Education
was a happy child, but could be ent school activities. She had all the Doctorate Program (PhD) with the
annoying if she did not get what support from her teachers and the British University in Dubai.
she wanted, you could say she was school administration. “I also had
persistent about what she wanted,” many friends who I still keep in Steve Terney, Foundation English
her mother recalled. touch with, although some of them teacher at DWC, taught Al Zaabi
are no longer living in the UAE.” in Foundations 17 years ago. She
43

left a very strong impression including leadership, teamwork,


because of her confidence, humor time management, organizational
and overall personality. “Tarifa is skills and community service
a wonderful person to be around, experience.”
she is full of humor, but she also
knows how to be serious at the Commenting on Al Zaabi’s career
same time. She never stopped her growth, Terney notes that “Tarifa
education, and I really feel very and I have been friends for many
proud of her because she is the years and I always follow her career
kind of person that the UAE needs path with great interest. I still Al Zaabi at a UN conference Italy. Tarifa Al
in education. She is not just a good remember the first job she had at Zaabi/DWC
role model, but also an extremely Zayed University. She continued in
bright, hard working and ambitious Education as she went from Zayed
person as well.” to Sharjah Women’s College, and
it has been really great for me to
Career witness the way her career has
Her first job was in the Career moved up.”
Department at Zayed University.
“I was passionate about supporting Achievements
students to select the right career She enjoys spening quality time
for themselves.” In 2001, she with people especially those who
joined Sharjah HCT, as Employer come from different cultures to
Relations Coordinator to support learn and exchange knowledge.
students and graduates in finding As she puts it, learning plays an
meaningful internship programs important role in her life and Al Zaabi in Denmark attending LEGO
and suitable employment. In despite being an employee, wife Serious Play Training - October 2010.
2004, she was promoted to and mother of a 6 year old, she Tarifa Al Zaabi-DWC
Supervisor of the Student Services also managed to graduate with
Department. Currently, Al Zaabi is distinction in all levels of her
in the second year of her Doctorate education. She won the Sheikh
in Education program specializing Rashid Award for Academic Excel-
in Policy and Management and lence in 2003, and in the same
working at the same time as an year she received The Chair Acad-
Acting Dean of Student Services emy International Leadership
at Sharjah’s HCT. She started her Program. “Learning is a very
career focusing on Emirati youth important and critical word as
development and engagement everyday we learn a new thing
at different levels. “It started in which we do not learn only,
with career development, then but also get to enjoy what we are
employment and work experience, learning, which is simply what
ollowed by engagement and em- I call the beauty of life,” she
powerment to develop soft skills comments. Attending Women as Political leaders- US
Exchange Program. Tarifa Al Zaabi/DWC
44

Besides her educational achieve- extra activities. Constant encour-


ments, she adds, “there are a agement by a group of teachers
number of activities that I helped me to enhance my
participated in that added value self-esteem and confidence.”
to my life experience.” In 2006,
she won the Sharjah HCT Director’s Learning is not only important
Award for Best Employee of the in her career life, but also in her
Year. Three years later, she was personal life. “I have the greatest
part of the US Exchange Program job in life, which is being a mother.
Alumnai of Women as Political You need to learn how to deal and
Leaders. Remarkably, she became respond positively to your chil-
the first woman in the Middle dren’s questions, and understand
East and Gulf Cooperation Council that their expectations and the With the Consul General of the United
(GCC) Certified Facilitator from experiences they will go through States of America. Tarifa Al Zaabi/DWC
Denmark in “LEGO Serious Play” will be totally different than yours.
2010, which is a new training tool This is the learning experience
used to unleash innovation and that all of us will go through in life.”
creativity in individuals.
Future Plans
Learning is Life It is always important to have a
Al Zaabi tries to turn every plan, and it is important to have
experience in her life into a learn- positive thoughts towards the
ing opportunity. “I learn how to future. Al Zaabi’s short-term plan
find a way to learn from people is to complete her Ph.D. and then
without causing them discomfort return back to the HCT in order
for sharing the information with to contribute to the development
me,” she explains. To her, it is very of the youth. In addition, she
important to become a knowledge- wants to be actively involved in At her office. Tarifa Al Zaabi/DWC
able person in order to be able to community projects and work as
defend one’s point of view an inspiration for the youth. Her
professionally and assertively, long-term plan also includes her
which eventually comes with interest in obtaining international
experience. work experience.

Al Zaabi believes the foundational “Learning is life. We live and we


skills she has built such as being learn at different stages of our
independent, persistent, com- lives, as well as from different
mitted, responsible and a lifelong kinds of experiences. Each day
learner were actually gained from that passes is a learning experience,
DWC. “These skills were the key that’s why we learn from history.
skills I have implemented and The journey of learning starts
they have supported me during with us when we are children
my career. DWC provided me and we continue to learn from
with a development opportunity everything around us,” she closes.
through their curriculum and
DWC NEWS 45
SHAIKHA AL AYALI
High Expectations of Desert Dawn
The Applied Communications Department and Desert Dawn students
celebrated the success of the previous issue with Dr. Howard Reed,
DWC’s Director, and Dr. Bahjat Al Yousuf, Associate Director, on October
7, 2010. The previous issue raised the expectation as it introduced strong
and challenging content in a beautiful design. “It was a challenging task,
because we wanted to bring something that would get the attention of
our readers. We wrote about controversial yet interesting topics that no
one else dared to talk about in a public magazine before,” said Shamsa Al
Suwaidi, previous student editor of DD.

Environmental Student Workshop 2010


Sponsored by Al Safi Club for Friends of the Environment and supported
by the British Council and DWC, the Tomorrow’s Environmentalists
workshop was held at DWC on October 21, 2010. University students
from different nationalities attended the workshop to learn more about
the issue. The event included a variety of discussions concerning the
causes and effects of climate change and its impacts, responsibilities,
solutions and how we will live in the future.

Arab Voices Speak to American Hearts


Samar Dahmash Jarrah, author of Arab Voices Speak to American Hearts,
and Professor at the University of South Florida, visited DWC on October
27, 2010 to speak about the use of social media to open dialogue between
Arabs and Americans after the 9/11 attacks. Jarrah shared her amazing
journey from being a regular news editor to reaching a point where she
stood in front of hundreds of Westerners explaining to them that Islam
is a peaceful religion. She spoke about the importance of communication
among people and its critical role in helping people all over the world
overcome misperceptions and stereotypes about each other. Sheencour-
aged DWC students to interact with Western students through social
media forums and share with them opinions about all kinds of issues.

Breast Cancer Day


DWC Wellness Center, in collaboration with Dubai Health Authority and
Al Marrai and Noviderm Companies, organized a series of health checkup
and educational displays in the college cafeteria on Sunday, October 10,
2010. Unlimited activities were included on that day such as free tobacco
testing, bone density checkup and osteoporosis health education, pregnancy
and awareness about breast-feeding.
46

DWC Celebrates the 20th Graduation


On November 3, 2010 DWC celebrated its 20th graduation ceremony.
The event was attended by Dr. Sheikha Alia Humaid Saqr Al Qasimi, Head
of Business Development Support Office, Medical Education from Dubai
Health Authority along with other dignitaries and parents. More than 260
students graduated from the programs of Bachelor’s degrees and Higher
Diplomas in Information Technology, Business, Applied Communications,
Health Sciences, Education, and Diploma programs in Technology Skills
and Business.

National Day
On November 30, 2010 DWC celebrated the 39th UAE National Day in the
presence of Dr. Howard Reed, DWC Director, Dr. Behjat Al Yousuf, Associate
Director, and Mr. Khalifa Buamain, Director of Government Communication.
The event included an exhibition that featured a collection of pictures
demonstrating the construction of the United Arab Emirates and its
development from the past to the present. Members of the DWC Student
Parliament and the Applied Communications Department organized the
exhibition to raise the DWC student body awareness about their country’s
development. The National Day celebration included several events such
as folk dances and showcase area on the UAE heritage that presented local
cuisine an exhibition of traditional accessories and embroideries.

8th National Teacher Education Conference


The 8th National Teacher Education Conference was held at DWC on
December 6, 2010 under the patronage of HE Sheikh Nahyan Bin Mabarak
Al Nahyan, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research and Chan-
cellor of Higher Colleges of Technology. The Conference aimed at raising the
standards of teaching and learning in UAE classrooms. The conference was
opened by Dr. Marshall Drummond, HCT Provost and Dr. Howard Reed,
Director of DWC, and was attended by more than 400 teachers, educators,
school principles, teacher administrators, college and university students
and other instructors working within the UAE.

This year’s theme was ‘Focus on Learners: Effective Strategies for the
Student-Centred Classroom.’ The participants had the opportunity to
learn the latest ideas to promote active learning in classrooms and to
take away something to use in their own schools.
47

UAE’s first Student PR Day at DWC


Organized by the Middle East Public Relations Association and in coop-
eration with DWC, the first Student PR Day was held on November 1,
2010 at DWC. More than 200 students attended mostly from the HCT
colleges, Zayed University in Dubai and Abu Dhabi, American University
in Sharjah and Middlesex University Dubai Campus. The Student PR Day
helped the students become familiar with the reality of working in the
communications sector. It gave a strong snapshot of the fast growing
industry of communications and public relations. Experienced professionals
shared and offered the students constructive feedback to their numerous
queries and questions.

2010 ILN Conference


DWC hosted the two day biannual 2010 Informational Literacy Network
Conference on October 30, 2010. This year, the conference offered the
participants eight paper presentations, six workshops and various poster
sessions centered on the theme of Information Literacy Assessment and
Competency Standards. It was attended by more than 100 librarians
and educators from around the Gulf region who came from different educa-
tional institutes and were passionate about information literacy. They came
together to share new ideas of projects, and new ways to attract students
to libraries.

Italian Cuisine Day 2010


DWC Italian Club invited the executive sous chef at JW Marriott, Andrea
Conte, to prepare one of his delicious Italian pasta dishes on campus.
Approximately 30 students and teachers attended the live show on how
to make fresh pasta, sauces and fresh salad with a healthy dressing.
Tagliatelle, a traditional type of pasta, is made from fresh eggs pasta dough,
fresh tomato and mozzarella sauce.

Flip Video Camera Session


Creators at Pure Digital Technologies, a San Francisco establishment led
by CEO Jonathan Kaplan, Senior Vice President and General Manager of
Cisco Consumer Products were invited by the IT Department at DWC on
October 28, 2010 to share their experiences of entrepreneurship with
the students. Kaplan discussed flip video camera technology, video and
social networking and innovation and entrepreneurship. Over 50 students
attended this presentation.
48 BUSINESS

The bright side of the economic crisis


SHATHA AL AMERI

Can you believe the economic pastries and desserts. AlMazrouie to always be ready for a crisis and
crisis is the best time to start started her business in the begin- I’ve been taught what we should
your own business?! ning of the economic crisis. How- do about it.” Malik thinks she was
ever, she now owns many factories kind of lucky with the crisis
The economic crisis has been in Dubai and Sharjah and her because the prices went down
tough on so many people around business gets better every month. at the factory she’s dealing with.
the world. However, many Dubai “I think my business got better “The crisis hit the big companies,
Women’s College (DWC) graduate after the economic crisis. Food but, companies have started to
entrepreneurs have had a different is a guaranteed business, people recover now.” she added.
experience with the economic will never stop eating!” she said
crisis. It somehow helped them with a big smile. “The only differ- Fashionable abayas, bags, acces-
improve their businesses, others ence I noticed is that the suppliers sories, scarves, clothes and more
are trying to survive this crisis. from Italy have increased their seem to be everywhere, but
prices since the crisis.” girls just can’t get enough. Many
entrepreneurs work in the fashion
The influence of the economic Another DWC entrepreneur is industry as residents of the UAE
crisis on DWC entrepreneurs: Ayesha Malik who works in the are majors spenders on fashion
diamond industry. She graduated even since the crisis.
from DWC in 2003 with a Higher
Diploma in Tourism and a Bachelor
degree in Business in 2008. Three
years ago she decided to try her
luck with business, a different way
from other entrepreneurs. “AU
Jewels” is the name of her little
shop at home, she sells diamonds
mini Delights logo.Aghnag Tshirt Design.
on silver and precious stone
Shatha Al Ameri/DWC that she brings from a factory in
India. “I didn’t feel the economic
Safa Almazrouie, a DWC graduate, crisis that much because I don’t
is a successful entrepreneur who have stores. However, the prices
proves herself in every position increased by around 30% when
she takes on. She always believed the gold price went up,” she said.
that whatever she was doing “There was a time I had to
was not enough. So she decided decrease my prices because the
Haleema Seemba, owner of Aghnag Tshirt
to pursue her dream and work customers stopped buying and I
Design. Shatha Al Ameri/DWC
on her passion for cooking. Mini noticed people started to think
Delights is the name of her factory, twice before spending their money Haleema Seemba is an Applied
a small business she started in her after the crisis.” Malik thinks that Communications Bachelor graduate
own kitchen. She started out College helped her a lot in dealing of DWC. She wanted to go for what
making healthy and organic with the crisis. “College helped us she loves the most, clothes, casual
49

clothes with a unique cultural with different prices and designs, The following advice from
identity for both men and women. and not famous brands or copies! successful DWC entrepreneurs
She now owns ‘Aghnag’. Girls just loved the new bags,” who have gone through the real
she said. ‘Cherry Berry’ is the business world experience:
As a small entrepreneur, she was name of her new business that
• Be special. Think of a unique
afraid to spend her money to started with her own budget last
and different idea to what we
open her own store and then risk Ramadan. Saif uses emails and
have in the UAE.
losing everything especially after Blackberry messenger to market
the economic crisis. As a result, the bags. She is satisfied with her • Good quality, better prices.
Seemba chose different ways to business and it was the best deci- After the economic crisis people
market and sell her designs such sion she made in the face of crisis! are looking for alternatives in
as starting her own website, many products.
marketing ‘Aghnag’ through Black- How to make good business
berry messenger, and contracting during a crisis: • Do your research. Think of what
with individual stores and sports “Many small businesses started people need during this crisis.
club. “Although people don’t after the great depression in the
spend money like before, still our 30s, now those businesses are • Create a business plan.
community spends lots of money the biggest and most successful
on fashion!” businesses in the world,” Safa • Never stop your search.
Almazrouie said. “And now it is
the time for your business”. • Make sure your plan B is always
ready. Check your business after
The prices are going down starting five years, if you succeed, what’s
with the store you will rent, the next and if you fail, what’s next?
employees you will bring and the
goods you will sell. You should • Be patient. Don’t use all of your
know it’s your chance to set up money, start small.
your unique business.
• Be ready. Rude customers are
The overall impression of the everywhere, so don’t be sensitive.
economic crisis was that everybody
was losing their jobs, businesses • Use Facebook, Twitter and
and money. You don’t have to be Blackberry for your ads in the
smart to know that it’s dangerous beginning.
Amal Saif, Cherry Berry’s owner. Shatha Al to put your money into a business
Ameri/DWC at this time, it’s true. But it is also • Read a lot. The Secret is a
Amal Saif is a DWC Diploma true that the crisis could improve recommended book!
graduate in Business. Her story business. As many DWC entrepre-
is a bit different. “I started my neurs agreed, the economic crisis • Never be ashamed of what
business because of the economic not only has a dark side to it, but you do! Society appreciates and
crisis! I used to go to the office a bright side as well. respects a successful woman.
and do nothing all day because
there was no work to do. So I had • Approach a specific target
to think of a second income before clientele and study their needs.
I lost my job,” Amal said. Her busi-
ness idea came from her boredom • Take a course in business and
with famous name brand bags. “I marketing.
wanted something new, with a
different taste. I started to bring • Things are always difficult
new kinds of bags from Lebanon at the beginning
50 ENVIRONMENT

Recycling is fun
MUNA ABDELKARIM

For some people, recycling is a mission to accomplish. For others it is just


a matter to discuss and for many it does not exist at all. It is an unfortunate

R
fact that many of us ignore this subject, while it is one of the most sensitive
issues that should concern us all.

Recycling in simple terms means: waste such as glass, plastic, metal textile,
electronics and paper is converted into reusable materials in order to
utilize the useful materials in these products and reduce the use of energy
and fresh raw materials. As a result it will reduce air and water pollution
caused in manufacturing different products.

Recycling facts in the UAE: • Lack of willingness: people are • Living in a clean and healthy
just not willing to put in the extra environment is their aim and
The UAE is one of the leading effort to recycle so they made recycling a daily
countries taking initiatives in activity.
so many fields and one of them
is the environment. In 1991 the
Emirates Environmental Group,
• Lack of access to proper
information about recycling,
e.g. source segregation, what is
• Considering the social and moral
obligations are the main reasons
R
a non-government organization, recyclable, what is not recyclable to recycle.
started recycling and emphasized (36% of the people stated this as
the importance of recycling for their largest concern.) • Belief that segregation of waste
the environment. Later in 2007,
Bee’ah, the Sharjah Environment • Lack of convenience – people
R
is easy and a small change in
someone’s behavior can result in
Company, was founded to help do not have access to most of big differences in the amount of
Sharjah City reduce its environ- the 3 stream recyclers or they recyclables generated.
mental footprint. However, the are not located in the immediate
mission was not as successful vicinity. (Over 67% of the people Since we all want to live longer
as wasanticipated. Why? responded to this being their and save Earth, our only planet,
largest concern) we should all start recycling
According to Bee’ah, these are before it is too late. Start from
the reasons: People who do not recycle might in your own house. On the page
claim they have reasons or execuses you can find some great tips to
• Lack of knowledge/awareness to do so, but what about the people start recycling.
about recycling (processes involved, who do recycle? Let’s focus on
benefits, what happens to waste what motivates them to recycle
when it gets recycled, etc.) and learn:
51

In your kitchen: • Advise children, other members • Create your own compost bin
in the family and housemaids out of recycled wood; it will help
• Set up a recycling center in your about recycling. your garden soil to stay fertile.
kitchen. How? Assign carton or
cardboard boxes for glass, plastic, • Clean empty nail polish bottle
and aluminum. Choose solid with thinners and fill them with Let’s do it together:
containers for glass because they paint to add touchups to your
are heavier. paintings or fix furniture with Let’s create our own compost
little dings. bin. It’s a homemade bin that will
• Glass bottles and jars can be bio-degrade your waste like egg
reused as containers to store food • Carton or cardboard boxes we shells, raw fruit and vegetable
and spices or even temporary get when we purchase electronics trimmings, leaves, hair and fur,
vases but remember to clean can be used to store old stuff such and tea bags.
bottles properly before reusing as books, magazines and toys.
or recycling. Step one:
Get enough wood from old
• Do not throw out the water Outside: furniture or any recycled wood:
you use to boil your meat, fish,
vegetables and eggs. Instead let • Read the news online rather Step two:
the water cool and pour into your than taking printed copies. Take some pieces of wood pallet
garden plants as soon as possible and level them to sit under the
to help them grow. • Reuse carriers when you go garden soil.
shopping instead of getting
• Post a note in your kitchen as new ones. Step three:
a reminder to recycle your waste. Connect the pallets with screws
• Bring your own mug to get and make sure it is fixed properly
coffee from your coffee shop to hold the trash.
In your house: because paper cups waste
money and landfills. Step four:
• Use your old clothes to make The compost bin is ready, just
other textile items such as cushion waiting for you to toss the right
covers and cleaning cloths. In your garden: trash and after few weeks it will
degrade and benefit your garden
• Re-melt burned candles in an • Old tires can be used outside soil. Remember to break apart the
old pan and pour it into a simple as plant pots - especially for soil underneath the compost bin.
small pot to reuse the candle plants that like warm soil as they
instead of throwing it and trap the heat. Tires are also great
increasing waste. to create a swing for your garden.
52

Public voice:

Public suggestions to be considered


by the Government:

• Build recycling banks in every


area to drop recycled materials.

• Educate people about the


importance of recycling and put
up posters near all the recycling
Useful sites:
bins to explain their use.

• Obligate shopkeepers and


http://www.recycling-guide.org.uk/
company owners to recycle all
the materials and issue fines
A website where you can learn the importance of
when people disobey.
recycling and read and share so many tips for recycling.
http://www.recyclezone.org.uk/az_makepaper.aspx
• Assign a day every year and
arrange activities, competitions
Tips on how to recycle:
and events to encourage people
http://www.kidsrgreen.org/game.html
to recycle.
http://www.meetthegreens.org/games/light-it-right.html

Play fun games and learn how to preserve earth:


Recycle creatively:
http://www.beeah-uae.com/ar/corporate/home
It is not a slogan, it is a mission.
Bee’ah, the Sharjah Environment Company, provides
Just by tossing trash in the right
accurate information about recycling and offers
bin does not mean that we did the
many services.
job of recycling fully. However, we
can act smart and use creative
ways to recycle things in our
daily lives. The fun part about
recycling is hidden in these tips,
so be the first to implement them
and encourage others if you care
about the planet you live on.

Check out the links below which


contain useful information about
recycling. Read them, follow them
and share them with everyone.
Have fun while recycling.
Dubai Women's College is proud to launch its 

Arabic Institute
‫ﻳﺴﺮ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺩﺑﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻠﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ 

  

Offering training by professional and certified experts


Non Arabic speakers: Arabic courses
Arabic speakers: Personal development

For more information contact:
Manager: Dr. Hanan Hairab
Applied Communications Program Chair
Dubai Women's College
arabicinstitute @hct.ac.ae, 04 2089530

‫ﻣﺪﺭﺑﲔ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﲔ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﻳﻦ‬ -‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬


‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻐﻮﻳﺔ‬ :‫ﻟﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻃﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻳﺔ‬ :‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﻃﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬  
 
‫ﺣﻨﺎﻥ ﺃﻣﲔ ﺣﻴﺮﺏ‬ .‫ﺩ‬ :‫ﺇﺷﺮﺍﻑ‬
‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺩﺑﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎﺭ‬ 
 arabicinstitute @hct.ac.ae 04 2089530
54 EVENTS IN DUBAI
KHULOOD AL JASIMI

CALLIGRAPHY FOR Workshop leader: Majid Alyousef


4 sessions x 5 hrs/Total 20 hrs
Maximum participants: 10

DESIGN Saturday 22 and 29 January


5 and 12 February
Part one: 10.00 – 13.00
Part two: 14.00 – 16.00
Fees: Tashkeel members: 1475
DHS per course,
Non-members: 1640 DHS per
course

This workshop is composed of a


series of lectures and hands-on
tutorials that aim to develop the
basic skills of calligraphy and
explore the usage of calligraphy in
design context and applications.

http://tashkeel.org/En/Work-
shop_Detail.aspx?Type=C&ID=101

Abraaj capital ART EXHBTIONS


Art Prize “Eat when you can,
Sleep when you can”
15th of January-8th of March 2011
Curators’ applications accepted
from January 1 – 31, 2011 Philip Mueller’s first international
Artists’ applications accepted solo exhibition.
from February 1 – April 30, 2011 Mobile 1: +971 50 464 43 92
Mobile 2 :+971 50 873 96 23
www.abraajcapitalartprize.com Email: info@carbon12dubai.com

http://www.carbon-
12dubai.com/exhibitions.
php?id=00001158237287704515
Book Reviews
‫عيناك يا حمده‬
‫ آمنة املنصوري‬:‫الكاتبة‬

‫عيناك يا حمده قصة تدور حول عادات وتقاليد‬


‫إماراتية عبر أحداث واقعية وقضايا اجتماعية‬
.‫مثل التفرقة بني املولود األنثى أو الذكر‬

‫حمده في القصة تطرح تساؤالت وتلتفت‬


‫حولها محاولة فهم ما يدور من تصرفات أو‬
‫ تدور القصة حول‬.‫من كالم غريب تسمعه‬
،‫ الزواج‬،‫ احلب‬،‫أمور عديدة منها احترام الوالدين‬
.‫التعايش مع احلياة‬

،‫وأخذت سبيلها في القراءة الكتشاف احلياة‬


‫كما أنها مرت مبراحل جتعلها تغير تفكيرها‬
.‫ونظرتها إلى نفسها و اآلخرين‬ The 7 Habits of Happy Kids
By Sean Covey
‫مزجت الكاتبة في “عيناك يا حمده” بني‬
Cleopatra the Great By .‫األسلوب الروائي وكتابة اخلواطر‬ The 7 Habits of Happy Kids is a
by Joann Fletcher family book of stories that carry
morals and will teach children to
Cleopatra the Great tells the
be responsible, respectful, work
story of a turbulent time and
in a team and solve their own
the extraordinary woman at its
problems. This book could be
centre. It describes what her life
used for both adults and kids; it
really was and how she became
has a fun way of learning values.
a Queen, her beauty, and her
The seven habits are listed: you
goddess outfits and hairstyles.
are in charge; have a plan; work
The author talks about the great
first, then play; everyone can win;
power the last Egyptian Pharaoh
listen before you talk; together
possessed and how she revived
is better; and balance feels best.
and ruled Egypt. The book
The stories are well-illustrated
is considered the first major
and can be used in schools
biography of Cleopatra’s real
life introducing details that are
based on history rather than
Hollywood’s versions of her life
and accomplishments.
56

Book
Reviews by Magrudy’s

Lyrics Alley Married to a Bedouin Three Cups of Tea


Aboulela Maguerite Van Geldermalsen Greg Mortenson

Set in 1950s Sudan, Lyrics Alley is New Zealand born nurse Marguerite In 1993, after a terrifying and
the story of the powerful Abuzied van Geldermalsen first visited the disastrous attempt to climb K2,
dynasty. With Mahmood Bey at its lost city Petra in 1978. But little did a mountaineer called Greg
helm, the family can do no wrong. Maguerite know she was about to Mortenson drifted, cold and
But when Mahmood’s son, meet the man she would marry, the dehydrated, into an impoverished
Nur - the brilliant, charming heir charismatic Mohammad Othman, Pakistan village in the Karakoram
to his business empire - suffers a a Bedouin craftsman of the Mountains. Moved by the inhabit-
near-fatal accident, his hopes of Manajah tribe. A life with Moham- ants’ kindness, he promised to
university and a glittering future mad meant moving into his ancient return and build a school. Three
are dashed. As British rule is com- cave and learning to love the Cups of Tea is the story of that
ing to an end, and the country is regular tasks of baking shrak bread promise. Over the next decade
torn between modernising influ- on an open fire and collecting Mortenson built fifty-five schools
ences and the call of traditions past, water from the spring. But as - especially for girls - in remote
the family is divided. Moving from Marguerite feels herself becoming villages of Pakistan and Afghani-
the villages of Sudan to cosmopoli- part of the Bedouin community, she stan, just as the Taliban rose
tan Cairo and a decimated post- is thankful for the twist in fate that to power. His story is at once
colonial Britain, this is a sweeping has led her to this contented life. a testament to the power of
tale of loss, faith and reconciliation. the humanitarian spirit
57
48

Internet
KHULOOD AL JASIMI
Café
Mosaicglobe

A website where you can create


your own online portfolio. You
can create your own website that
includes multiple pages, galleries,
blogs, audio, email and great
website templates.

http://www.mosaicglobe.com/

En.wikibooks

The website is a collection of


books that you can read online,
write and edit. It also includes
about 2,397 books with 35,688
pages.

http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Main_Page

How to do things

A website that can help you learn,


improve and enjoy your favorite
hobbies in the different categories
and by links, articles, popular
content and popular searches.

http://www.howtodothings.com/hobbies
58 BUQSHA
KHULOOD AL JASIMI
We chose to call this section ‘Buqsha’ (see below for meaning) as it will be

dedicated to exploring various elements of Emirati culture and traditions.

‫ هي الصرة من القماش وتكون قطعه مربعه‬:‫معنى بقشه‬


.‫توضع بها املالبس قدميا‬

Buqsha: an old word used to


describe a square shaped piece of cloth. It
was used to carry various items such as
groceries, clothes and other items.

Pearls
Pearls are hard shiny surfaced objects taken from living shelled molluscs.
Carbonate is the tiny crystalline form that the pearls are made of. There
are different types of pearls with different colors. The most expensive
pearl is the natural one. Pearls are popular in making jewelry.

Aljyon ‫اجليـون‬
ْ
Considered one of the best types of pearl known for its pure white color.
It has smooth sides and contains a proportion of water. It has a round
shape and is free from defects and fractures.

Yukka ‫اليكة‬ ّ
Ranks second in terms of quality and purity. In term of form, it has a
semicircular form that is compared to the moon on the 13th day of
its cycle, before forming into a perfect circle.

Alcoloy ‫القولوى‬
Different from other pearl types due to color purity that usually reflects
a shade of blue or red.

Albadlah ‫البدلة‬
Has a lower quality in comparison to the Alcoloy and it has two types, the
first degree and second degree. It varies in size; some are small and some
are large and irregular in shape. It also reflects a blue shade.

Sijnni ‫سجني‬
ْ
Looks like a dove egg in color and shape, some are long and others are
short, and sometimes it reflects a blue shade.

Ana’ema ‫الناّعمة‬
One of the rare types of pearls, it ranks very low in quality among other
pearls. It is usually used as a treatment for some diseases, by grinding
it as soft sand grains.

AlBuqah ‫االبوكة‬
ُ
Similar to sand grains, it is used as eyeliner (kohl) and as treatment
for the eyes as well. Some say it is edible.

AlKhashrah ْ ‫اخل ْْشرة‬


Ranks as the lowest in quality among other pearl types, due to its
imperfections. It is usually sold wholesale, at a relatively low price.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipe-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl dia/commons/a/af/White_pearl_neck-
http://www.zayedworld.ae/vb/showthread.php?t=8347 lace.jpg
59

Emarati perfume. Khulood Al Jasimi/DWC

Emirati Proverbs
‫ ما يهمــك‬، ‫سيل ما يبلك‬
Selen ma yablik , ma yhmk
“Torrent that’s not in your way, doesn’t wet you”
When it’s raining in another country, you gain nothing. It means other peoples’ problems are
not your business, so you should not worry about them or interfere in other peoples’ business.

‫من طلع من داره قل مقداره‬


Min talaa’ min dara qal mqdara
“East or West .. Home is the Best.” Wherever you go, your home is the most comfortable place to you.

‫اللي ما يعرفك ما يثمنك‬


Ely mayaarfik ma ythmnik
“Those who don’t know you don’t give you value.” People, who don’t know you well, don’t appreciate you.

‫الفضول قتل العيوز‬


Al fthool qital AL Ayooz
“Curiosity kills the old lady.” Do not be too curious about other’s affairs.

‫إذا ما طاعك الزمان طيعه‬


Etha ma taek al zman teaa’
“If time doesn’t obey you, obey it.” Go with the flow and accept changes happening around you.
http://www.zayedworld.ae/vb/showthread.php?t=13723
‫‪60‬‬

‫ويرى خليفة مطر‪ ٣٠ ،‬عاما‪ ،‬موظف في بنك‬ ‫و الشيكات وقد تدخل السجن إن لم يعد لديها‬ ‫والنسب‪ ،‬واإلخالل بهذه الشروط وعدم االهتمام‬
‫اإلمارات‪ ،‬بأن العمل والتكافؤ اجلماعي من‬ ‫رصيد‪ ،‬ومن ثم يذهب للتعرف على أخريات‪ ،‬وأكد مما‬ ‫بها يضعف هذه الكفاءة‪ .‬ويؤكد نور أن مسألة‬
‫الطرفني أفضل من العمل الفردي من ناحية اإلجناز‬ ‫يؤدي إلى الطالق وكثرة املشاكل والصراعات النفسية‬ ‫الكفاءة هذه حصل فيها نوع اخللل وأن املتزوجني‬
‫و السرعة‪ ،‬في حني أن سميرة محمد‪ ٢٤ ،‬عام ًا‪،‬‬ ‫وانعكاسها على نفسية أطفالها واخللل األسري في‬ ‫بدؤوا يغضون الطرف عن حقوقهم في مجتمعنا في‬
‫موظفة في إحدى الدوائر اخلاصة‪ ،‬تقول‪“:‬تخلي‬ ‫مسألة القوامة‪.‬‬ ‫هذه األيام‪ .‬ويضيف قائال "يعتبر الضمير غائبا في‬
‫الزوج عن أداء مسؤولياته جتعل نظرة أبنائه دونية له‬ ‫مجتمعنا احلالي لعدم اخلوف من الله لقلة الوازع‬
‫في املستقبل"‪ ،‬و أوضحت بأن ال مانع من مشاركة‬ ‫بالنظر إلى االستفتاءات التي أجرتها صحفيات‬ ‫الديني والطمع واجلشع املسيطر‪،‬حيث تصلنا ستني‬
‫الزوجة العاملة مادي ًا قلي ًال‪.‬‬ ‫مجلة فجر الصحراء على فئة عشوائية من املجتمع‬ ‫إلى سبعني حالة شهر ًيا وذلك بسبب رفقاء السوء‬
‫املواطن ملعرفة رأي الناس حول موضوع اعتماد‬ ‫الذين يحرضون الزوج على زوجته العاملة ‪ ،‬وهم على‬
‫إن األسرة واملؤسسات التعليمية واإلعالم واإلنترنت‬ ‫الزوج على الزوجة ودرجة تقبلهم لفكرة نشرالتوعية‬ ‫دراية بأن املرأة تريد الستر واألمان وتخاف العنوسة‬
‫فعاال حول تغيير هذه‬ ‫واملؤسسة الدينية تلعب دورا ّ‬ ‫املجتمعية حول هذا املوضوع‪ ،‬فقد تبني أن ‪ 50%‬من‬ ‫والطالق‪،‬لهذا تتنازل وتتغاضى عن حقوقها‪ ،‬ويزيد‬
‫الظاهرة‪،‬عبر التنسيق الفعال لتغيير سلوك الفرد إلى‬ ‫الفئة العمرية ما بني ‪ 20‬و‪ 30‬تؤيد الزواج من امرأة‬ ‫هذا بعد مرور فترة من الزواج حيث متر الفترة األولى‬
‫األفضل‪ .‬واجلدير بالذكر أن هذا ال يكفي‪ ،‬إذ يجب‬ ‫أكثر تفوق ًا من الزوج من الناحية العلمية والثقافية‪،‬‬ ‫من الزواج بسالم غالبا‪.‬‬
‫على الفرد السعي وراء تغىير ذاته بنفسه أو ًال بإعادة‬ ‫ونسبة ‪ 20%‬من الفئة ذاتها تؤيد بأن املسؤول عن‬
‫االعتبار لشرط الكفاءة كشرط أساسي من شروط‬ ‫االحتياجات املنزلية اليومية هو كال الزوج العامل‬ ‫ويؤكد نور أنه "يجب تربية أبنائنا وبناتنا على مفهوم‬
‫الزواج وسد باب االستغالل لبناء حياة زوجية مبنية‬ ‫والزوجة العاملة‪ .‬في حني أن نسبة ‪ 20%‬من نفس‬ ‫الزواج الشرعي مبفهومه االجتماعي الراقي‪ ،‬فالله‬
‫على أسس صحيحة من الناحية الدينية والثقافية‬ ‫الفئة العمرية يرفضون االعتماد على زوجاتهم‬ ‫خلقنا ملهام كثيرة وليس فقط للزواج‪ ،‬فالزواج سنة‬
‫والسلوكية‪،‬‬ ‫العامالت‪.‬‬ ‫من سنن الكون وسنة من سنن اخللق‪ ،‬فينبغي تطوير‬
‫ثقافة مجتمعنا‪ ،‬حيث أن اإلنسان يجب أن يعيش‬
‫إن الفرد اإليجابي نواة في أسرة إيجابية وبالضرورة‬ ‫عذيجة عبدالله‪ ٣٤ ،‬عاما‪ ،‬موظفة في إحدى الدوائر‬ ‫حياة كرمية وليس بانتظار الزواج فقط‪ ".‬فإن اتباع‬
‫فإن هذا يقود إلى مجتمع إيجابي يحقق شروط‬ ‫احلكومية‪ ،‬إحدى النساء الالتي يعشن هذه املعاناة‪،‬‬ ‫الشرع وتعاليم الشرع يحقق حماية لإلنسان سواء‬
‫العدالة ويعلي الفضيلة وميشي على منهج اإلحسان‬ ‫حيث تقول " أعيش هذه املعاناة منذ ما يزيد على‬ ‫للرجل أو املرأة‪ ،‬وللمرأة خصوص ًا‪ .‬ويعقب نور بأن‬
‫وحسن املعاملة‬ ‫السنتني‪ ،‬وأنا عاجزة عن تغيير هذه االتكالية ولكن‬ ‫أسباب اتكالية الزوج على زوجته واستغالله لها‬
‫ما باليد حيلة‪ ".‬و تشدد عذيجة على أهمية اختيار‬ ‫من الناحية املادية تعود غالبا إلى ارتفاع تكاليف‬
‫يقول الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم‪ " :‬الدين املعاملة‪،‬‬ ‫الفتاة الزوج غير االتكالي‪ .‬باملقابل سالمة عمر‪،‬‬
‫إن الله ال ينظر إلى صوركم وال إلى أجسامكم ولكن‬ ‫املعيشة وقد تكون املرأة أحيانا هي السبب‪ ،‬حيث‬
‫امرأة تبلغ من العمر ‪ ٢٩‬عاما‪ ،‬تعمل في جتارتها‬ ‫أنها تساعده أحيانا على استغالله لها بتصرفاتها‬
‫ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم‪".‬‬ ‫اخلاصة‪ ،‬تقول " أنا مجبرة على العمل بسب تكاسل‬ ‫وتشجيعها حتى يرى بأنه حق مكتسب‪ ،‬ومتتد عينه‬
‫زوجي في الدور االقتصادي‪ ،‬وإال فسوف أكون‬ ‫ألكثر‪،‬ويزداد طمعه ويتجاهل ويتناسى مسؤولياته‪،‬‬
‫معرضة للضرب بغير رحمة‪".‬‬ ‫فمنهن من تشتري له العقارات فيورطها في القروض‬

‫رسم بياني يوضح عدد حاالت الطالق‪( .‬تصميم ميرة الفالسي و شما املنصوري‪/‬كلية دبي للطالبات)‬
‫التحقيقات الصحفية‬ ‫‪61‬‬

‫مشاركة أم اتكالية؟!‬
‫هذا األمر غريب على مجتمعنا في األصل وما‬
‫يزال في حدود ضيقة‪ ،‬لكن هناك حاالت أخرى‬
‫يكون فيها الرجل مهمال اتكاليا لكن املرأة تضطر‬
‫للعيش معه حياة في مشقة و تعب و تبادل في‬
‫األدوار فتكون هي الرجل الذي يوفر مستلزمات‬
‫األسرة و يلبي طلبات األوالد و املنزل‪ .‬رجل كهذا‬ ‫ميرة الفالسي و شما املنصوري‬
‫إذا استسلمت له املرأة و رضخت حلياته واتكاليته‬
‫فإن احلال سيستمر‪ ،‬وبالتأكيد فإن هذا في النهاية‬
‫يعتمد على قوة شخصية املرأتة أو ضعفها‪ .‬أما‬
‫الرجل الشرقي احلقيقي فهو املعتدل الذي يحقق‬
‫أهدف الزواج الصحيح و بالتالي يتحمل مسؤوليات‬
‫البيت و األسرة و األوالد و تعيش معه املرأة معززة‬
‫مكرمة سعيدة بل ومن املمكن أن تتحمل معه بعض‬
‫املسؤوليات املادية وهي راضية النفس ملا تتلقاه من‬
‫زوجها من حب و تفاهم‪.‬‬

‫من املهم إدراك املرأة و الرجل ألهمية التكافؤ في‬


‫املستوى التعليمي‪ ،‬يقول جابر أحمد نور‪ ،‬مرشد‬
‫استشارات دينية أسرية في دائرة الشؤون اإلسالمية و‬
‫العمل اخليري في دبي‪“ :‬عندما يكون الرجل متزوجا‬
‫من امرأة متاثله شهادة وكفاءة أو رمبا تقل عنه فإنه‬
‫لن يحس بنقص أو الضغينة ألنها تساويه بالعلم‬
‫أو الفكر‪ ،‬في حني إذا تزوج من امرأة تفوقه كفاءة‬
‫وخبرة فسوف يتولد لديه إحساس باحلقد والضغينة‬
‫واحلساسية املفرطة‪ ،‬وقد تنظر إليه زوجته نظرة دونية‬
‫في بعض األحيان‪ ”.‬نوه جابر بأن هذا اإلحساس‬
‫بالنقص قد يتفاقم عند الرجل فيخفيه باستخدام‬
‫وسائل مختلفة "كالضرب أو الطرد؛ ألنه تعطيه‬
‫اإلحساس بالرجولة‪".‬‬

‫واجلدير بالذكر أن املرأة الواعية لدورها في احلياة‬


‫الزوجية عليها أن حتسن اختيار الزوج وأن تبتعد عن‬
‫الرجل االتكالي في األمور املادية في احلياة الزوجية‪،‬‬ ‫الزوج يجبر زوجته على إعطائه املال؟ (تصميم وفاء املرزوقي‪/‬كلية دبي للطالبات)‬
‫حيث تقول د‪ .‬مرمي مطر‪ ،‬مؤسس ورئيس مجلس‬
‫إدارة جمعية اإلمارات لألمراض اجلينية‪" :‬هناك فرق‬
‫القيمة وفق راتبها ؟ هل أصبحت الزوجة العاملة‬ ‫راشد مواطن إماراتي ‪ ٣٣‬سنة وسيم‪ ،‬طويل القامة‪،‬‬
‫بني الذكر والرجل احلقيقي‪ ،‬وعلى املرأة اليوم أن‬
‫الصراف اآللي للزوج؟ ملاذا انعكست اآلية وأصبحت‬ ‫معروف بتأنقه املفرط‪ ،‬محبوب لدى الناس ومعروف‬
‫تكون امرأة حقيقية مثقفة قوية تثبت نفسها و تتقوى‬
‫املرأة هي املسؤولة عن احتياجات املنزل بدل الرجل؟‬ ‫بسمعته الطبية وكرمه الفائق‪ ،‬واقف في مكتب‬
‫بقوة الرجل املوجود إلى جانبها‪ ،‬عليها أن حتسن‬
‫عقارات يقع في شارع الشيخ زايد محاط بعدد كبير‬
‫االختيار‪ ".‬ويوافقها في الرأي جابر حيث يقول "من‬ ‫ليس بغريب أن جند فئات قليلة في املجتمع تنحرف‬ ‫من كبار الشخصيات الذين ميتلكون عددا من األبراج‬
‫املهم أن تكون املرأة ذات شخصية قوية تدرك أهمية‬ ‫في مفهومها عن الزواج مبفهومه االجتماعي الراقي‬ ‫الواقعة في نفس الشارع في إمارة دبي‪ .‬ينتهي عمله‬
‫دورها في احلياة الزوجية وما لها وما عليها‪ ،‬وإال‬ ‫الذي يقوم على املودة والرحمة‪ ،‬إلى مفهوم مادي‬ ‫الرسمي‪ ،‬يتوجه إلى خدمة صف السيارات الستالم‬
‫فسوف يستغلها الزوج االتكالي "‬ ‫ووسيلة للغنى واالتكالية‪ ،‬حيث يشبِع الرجل رغباته‬ ‫سيارته الروز رويز‪ .‬وهو في انتظار وصول سيارته‬
‫و يحقق أهدافه براحة ودون عناء وبعد أن يصل إلى‬ ‫يلقى القبض عليه من قبل رجل التحري الذي كان‬
‫وفي اجلانب اآلخر‪ ،‬نوه أحمد املهيري‪ ،‬املدير التنفيذي‬
‫االكتفاء وتتوسع دائرة أمالكه يكشف الوجه احلقيقي‬ ‫بانتظاره خاراج ًا منع ًا إلحراجه أمام زبائنه وموظفيه‬
‫في قطاع التطوير والتخطيط االجتماعي في دبي‪،‬‬
‫له فيتجاهل املرأة و يهملها حيث لم يعد بحاجة‬
‫أن استغالل املرأة مادي ًا ال يكون إال في حال قبول‬ ‫يأخذه إلى مركز الشرطة بسبب ته ّربه منهم منذ ستة‬
‫إليها‪ ،‬أكد السيد معاذ هاشم حسن‪ ،‬مندوب محام‬ ‫أشهر لتخلفه عن دفع معاشات موظفيه‪ ،‬قائال‪ “ :‬ال‬
‫الطرفني‪ ،‬حيث يؤكد "الرجال بشكل عام في مجتمعنا‬
‫واستشاري قانوني في إدارة األحوال الشخصية في‬ ‫أستطيع دفع رواتبهم الشهرية ألنني أفلست وأنتظر‬
‫ليس بنيتهم االعتماد على زوجاتهم العامالت و لكن‬
‫محاكم دبي بأن مثل هذه القضايا انتشرت وبكثرة‬ ‫راتب زوجتي‪”.‬‬
‫القصد على األغلب املشاركة واملناصفة على اعتبار‬
‫في اآلونة األخيرة حيث " يأتينا يومي ًا ما يعادل سبع‬
‫أن اليد الواحدة ال تصفق كما هو متعارف عليه‪".‬‬
‫وثالثون قضية حول استغالل الزوج لزوجته العاملة‬ ‫بدأت في مجتمعنا ظاهرة استغالل الزوج لزوجته‬
‫وقد وضع اإلسالم شروطا للزواج حتض على مبدأ‬ ‫مادي ًا‪”.‬‬ ‫العاملة مادي ًا‪ ،‬فهل أصبح مفهوم الزواج جتارة لدى‬
‫الكفاءة في احلياة الزوجية‪ ،‬ككفاءة املادة والعلم‬ ‫الرجال والنساء؟ هل أصبحت املرأة سلعة محددة‬
‫‪62‬‬

‫جامعي‪ "،‬لم أحضر قط أي حصص تربية بدنية‬ ‫اليوم" في مارس والذي أكدته املديرة التنفيذية‬ ‫هي نتيجة اليوم الدراسي الطويل الذي يؤدي إلى‬
‫في مراحل دراستي‪ ،‬وغالب ًا ماكانت تستبدل من‬ ‫للشؤون التعليمية ومديرة إراة الترخيص واالعتماد‬ ‫مخرجات أقل كفاءة من الطالب واملعلم على حد‬
‫قبل مدرسي املواد األخرى "‪ .‬ويضيف على ذلك"‬ ‫األكادميي في وزارة التربية‪ ،‬شيخة راشد الشامسي‪،‬‬ ‫سواء‪.‬‬
‫أصبحت ممارسة الرياضة في الطابور الصباحي طريقة‬ ‫أنه مت إعداد دراسة إلعادة حصص التربية املوسيقية‬
‫ً‬
‫مجبورا مظهرا التسيب‬ ‫بدائية‪ ،‬حيث ميارسها الطالب‬ ‫إلى املدراس وذلك وفق ًا للخطة االستراتيجية للتعليم‬ ‫لألسف ال تتم تنمية مهارات الطالب بصورة صحيحة‬
‫واإلهمال والالمباالة"‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ،2010-2020‬الفتة إلى أن الدولة لديها اهتمام‬ ‫في املرحلة من رياض األطفال وحتى الثانوية العامة‬
‫بالفنون في شتى مجاالتها‪ ،‬حيث تتضمن اخلطة‬ ‫وهنا تكمن الفجوة بني املرحلتني وأحد أسبابها "أنه‬
‫وتعقيب ًا على ذلك يقول أستاذ التربية البدنية سامر‬ ‫تفعيل دور األنشطة الالصفية في تنمية ذاكرة‬ ‫ال يوجد تركيز على األنشطة الالصفية في املدراس‬
‫الهاللي " إن التربية البدنية تعمل على تهيئة مناخ‬ ‫الطالب ورفع احلس اإلبداعي لديه وضبط سلوكهم‬ ‫الثانوية احلكومية" كما ذكرت‪ ،‬نادية هادي‪ ،‬أستاذة‬
‫صحي للطالب مما يبعده عن اللجوء إلى العنف اجتاه‬ ‫وانفعاالتهم"‪.‬‬ ‫التربية الفنية‪ ،‬وأضافت "أنه نتيجة للروتني اململ‬
‫اآلخرين" ويضيف عاتب ًا" إن غياب األدوات يقلص‬ ‫الذي يعيشة الطالب ضمن كثافة املواد العلمية"‪.‬‬
‫من اهتمام الطالب في االلتزام باحلضور وعزوفه عن‬ ‫‪ 15%‬من املعلمني متفائلني بهذه الدراسة ويعتقدون‬ ‫وهي ال تنكر وجود مناهج بالغة األهمية ضمن‬
‫حصص الرياضة"‪.‬‬ ‫بأن ذلك سوف يكون في صالح الطالب منن حيث‬ ‫املنهاج الدراسي الثانوي‪ ،‬ولكن من املهم ً‬
‫جدا أن‬
‫اإلبداع‪ ،‬ولكن نصطدم بآراء بعض اآلباء بني التأييد‬ ‫يحفز الطالب على تفريغ طاقاته من خالل أنشطة‬
‫اجتمع غالبية أولياء االمور والطلبة والتربويني في‬ ‫واملعارضة على وجود التربيه املوسيقية‪ ،‬نسبة ال‬ ‫مدرسية"‪ ،‬ووضحت أن الطالب ميكنه استغالل‬
‫اقتراحاتهم وكانت نسبة تتعدى ‪ ،80%‬على أنهم‬ ‫تتجاوز ‪ 50%‬تعترض على وجود النشاط املوسيقي‬ ‫ذلك في سلوك تربوي نافع في مرحلته األخيرة من‬
‫يفضلون أن تكون مناهج التربية البدنية والفنية‬ ‫ضمن املنهاج ‪،‬حيث اختلفت األسباب ومنها أنها‬ ‫الدراسة‪.‬‬
‫ً‬
‫موادا اختيارية‪ ،‬وذلك‬ ‫واملوسيقية وغيرها من األنشطة‬ ‫تتعارض مع القيم الدينية وآخر أنه قد يحدث خلط‬
‫بوجود معايير تهدف إلى حتسني التنافس بني الطلبة‬ ‫بني املوسيقى املسموحة وغير مسموحة لدى ذهن‬ ‫من خالل االستبانات التي ُوزعت على عينة من‬
‫ً‬
‫قادرا على‬ ‫وحتديد ميولهم وقراراتهم‪ ،‬بحيث يصبح‬ ‫املدارس الثانوية احلكومية لوحظ بأن ‪ 40%‬من‬
‫الطالب‪ ،‬حيث ترى آمنه املطروشي‪،‬ربة بيت‪ " ،‬أن‬
‫فهم واستيعاب سوق العمل املستقبلية‪ ،‬مبا في ذلك‬ ‫تدني مستوى الطالب سببه توجهه ملثل هذه األنشطة‬ ‫الطلبة املتفوقني يعتبون على ضعف أداء املدارس‬
‫االلتزام للوصول إلى مستوى الدول املتقدمة‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬
‫معللة أنها قد تؤدي إلى‬ ‫التي قد ال تنفعه مستقبال"‬ ‫احلكومية في االهتمام مبناهج التريبة الفنية‬
‫ظهور سلوكيات سلبية على الصعيد املهني‪ ،‬وركزت‬ ‫واملوسيقية من ناحية عدم جاهزية احتياجات هذه‬
‫على أن التربية املوسيقية ال بد من أن تقدم بصورة‬ ‫الفصول ملمارسات النشاط ‪ ،‬بينما ‪ 60%‬من‬
‫صحيحة حتافظ على التراث الشعبي لإلمارات"‪.‬‬ ‫الطلية يعتقدون أن املدرسة هي املسؤول األول في‬
‫عدم تأهيلهم ملهارات مابعد التخرج في ظل غياب‬
‫ومن جانب آخر يؤيدها الرأي محمد الراشدي‪40 ،‬‬ ‫األنشطة املدرسيه السابقة الذكر‪.‬‬
‫سنة‪ ،‬موظف‪ ،‬فيقول" البد وجود هذا املنهج ضمن‬
‫ً‬
‫وحتديدا في عام‬ ‫في مقال نشرته صحيفة البيان‬
‫املقررخصوص ًا إذا كانت حتتوي على أناشيد إسالمية‬
‫وشعبية حتافظ على تهذيب سلوك الطالب وترسيخ‬ ‫‪ 2009‬أن دولة اإلمارات شهدت محافل ثقافية‬
‫الهوية الوطنية في ذاته"‪.‬‬ ‫عديدة‪ ،‬والتي تضمنت معارض ومسابقات‬
‫ومهرجانات وملتقيات في نفس السنة ‪ ،‬وذلك‬
‫لكن الواقع الذي يعيشه الطالب في املدارس مختلف‬ ‫يعكس اهتمام الدولة بكافة اإلبداعات في مجاالت‬
‫متام ًا‪ ،‬واحلقيقة التي ال ميكن جتاهلها أن اإلدارة‬ ‫الفنون بأنواعها‪ ،‬ويقام على غرار ذلك مسابقات‬
‫الصفية على محمل‬ ‫املدرسية ال تأخذ هذه األنشطة ّ‬ ‫محلية على مستوى الدولة كجائزة الشيخة منال‬
‫اجلد‪ ،‬تقول مرمي آل علي‪ ،‬طالبة في املرحلة الثانوية‪،‬‬ ‫للفنون ومسابقات في املسرح والشعر واألفالم‬
‫" على الرغم من وجود املنهج في اجلدول الدراسي‬ ‫السينمائية على املستوى اخلليجي والعاملي‪ ،‬باإلضافة‬
‫األسبوعي إال إنه غير منفذ من قبل اإلدراة أو‬ ‫إلى تنمية التراث الشعبي من خالل احملافل التي‬
‫املعلم"‪ ،‬موضحة أن من السهولة دائما استبدال مواد‬ ‫تقيمها الدولة لالرتقاء بالهوية الوطنية‪ .‬وهنا يكمن‬
‫أخرى بفصل التربية الفنية!‬ ‫السؤال هل سوف تسهم املدارس الثانوية "احلكومية"‬
‫في ذلك؟ وهل سيتم تأهيل الطالب ملثل هذه احملافل‬
‫التربية البدنية تهذب سلوك الطالب‪.‬‬ ‫وكذلك احلال بالنسبة للتربية البدنية‪ ،‬حيث أن نسبة‬ ‫التي تقام في الدولة من خالل املدرسة؟‬
‫(تصوير نهى حسن‪/‬كلية دبي للطالبات)‬ ‫كبيرة من الطالب ال يحبذون االلتزام بفصل التربية‬
‫البدنية‪ ،‬حيث يقول أحمد إبراهيم‪ 22 ،‬سنة‪،‬طالب‬ ‫من ذلك نأتي إلى التصريح الذي نشرته "اإلمارات‬
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‫مناهج دراسية بني اجلمود واإلبداع‬


‫نهى حسن‬
‫تريد أن تصبح عندما تكبر؟‪ .‬وأضافت "إن املرحلة‬
‫األولى من عمر الطفل ال تقل أهمية عن املرحلة‬
‫األخيرة وهي الثانوية العامة"‪ ،‬حيث تفترض أنه يجب‬
‫أن يكون هناك ترابط بني املراحل الدراسية للطالب‬
‫من حيث املنهاج املدرسي لتهيئيته تدريجي ًا للتعلم‪.‬‬

‫وأكدت أن غياب مناهج التربية املوسيقية والفنية‬


‫والبدنية على حساب مناهج أخرى‪ ،‬أدى إلى حدوث‬
‫فجوة عند الطالب بني مرحلة الصف السابع حتى‬
‫الثاني عشر‪ً ،‬‬
‫قائلة‪ " :‬إن غياب هذه املناهج يؤثر‬
‫بشكل سلبي في تنمية قدرات الطالب وإبداعاته‬
‫وتهيئته للحياة املهنية في ظل تكدس املناهج‬
‫وكثافتها"‪ ،‬وتستنتج د‪ .‬علياء بأن ذلك أيض ًا‬
‫يؤثر على سلوك الطالب وعدم استقراره نفسي ًا‪.‬‬
‫وقد وأضافت بأن انتقال الطالب من االبتدائية إلى‬
‫اإلعدادية يحتاج إلى تهيئة تدريجية مدروسة من‬
‫خالل تواجد مناهج فعالة تسهم في صقل شخصية‬
‫الطالب وضبط سلوكه‪ ،‬وكذلك حني يصل إلى مجال‬
‫مفتوح كاجلامعة فيجد فيه شمولية املعلومات‬
‫وحتمل املسؤولية الذاتيه ومحاضرات وانضباط ذاتي‬
‫واستقاللية‪ ،‬إذ ال ينبغي أن يكون ذلك فجائي ًا بل‬
‫يفترض أن يتم بشكل تدريجي‪.‬‬

‫من جانبه يضيف املوجه التربوي إبراهيم صالح‬


‫جويعد‪" ،‬أن العوامل املساعدة في حتديد ميول‬
‫الطالب مفقودة في املدارس احلكومية ألنه ينتقل‬
‫بشكل فجائي إلى اجلامعة دون تهيئة من املدرسة"‪،‬‬
‫وكخطوة لتهيئته ينبغي اإلبقا على هذه املناهج ضمن‬
‫مقرر الدراسة في جميع املراحل‪ ،‬ودعم بكالمه بأنه"‬ ‫عازفة صغيرة خالل فصل التربية املوسيقية‪( .‬تصوير نهى حسن‪/‬كلية دبي للطالبات)‬
‫البد من وجود مهارات تساعد الطالب في هذه اخلطوة‬
‫االنتقالية والتي تكمن في األساليب اإلبداعية التي‬ ‫التربية املوسيقية والفنية والبدنية واملهارات احلياتية‬ ‫بابتسامة بريئة قالت" أريد أن أصبح رسامة‬
‫يقدمها التربويون في تقدمي مواد النشاط"‪ .‬موضح ًا‬ ‫األخرى‪ ،‬وحني يجتاز الطالب املراحل األولى ينتقل‬ ‫مشهورة!" هكذا كان رد الطفلة عائشة‪ -‬ذات‬
‫ً‬
‫قادرا على حتديد أهدافه‬ ‫بذلك أن الطالب سيصبح‬ ‫إلى مراحل تعليمية أعلى تبدأ فيها هذه املناهج‬ ‫اخلمس سنوات‪ -‬على والدتها مباتريد أن تصبح عليه‬
‫في اختيار تخصصه في دراسته العليا والتعرف على‬ ‫ملصلحة ما يعد منهجا أكثر أهمية‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫احليوية بالتالشي‬ ‫في املستقبل‪ .،‬وكما هو معروف أن كل فرد في‬
‫حقول العمل بعد التخرج‪.‬‬ ‫وصو ًال للمرحلة الثانوية في املدراس احلكومية‪ ،‬حيث‬ ‫مجتمعه يحمل أهدافا وطموحات تبدأ على مقاعد‬
‫احملطة األهم واألخيرة للطالب حيث تختفي املناهج‬ ‫الدراسة للوصول إلى احللم‪ ،‬هنالك يأمل الطالب أن‬
‫وتستمر السنة الدراسية في املدراس الثانوية‬ ‫الفنية تقريبا‪.‬‬ ‫يحقق مايصبو إليه ضمن مناهج تسهم في تطوير‬
‫احلكومية على هذا النمط متمثلة بأيام دراسية‬ ‫ذاته‪ ،‬وخصوص ًا في املراحل الدراسية األولى أو‬
‫طويلة علمية وأدبية‪ ،‬تشكل عبئ ًا ثقي ًال على‬ ‫عبر برنامج األثير الصباحي على إذاعة الشارقة‬ ‫ما يسمى بـ"احللقة األولى" وحتى الصف السادس‬
‫الطالب واملعلم‪ ،‬في الوقت الذي يفترض فيه أن‬ ‫وفي موضوع يناقش حب العلم والتعلم استضيفت‪،‬‬ ‫حيث يتمركز اإلبداع في تلك املراحل‪ ،‬وينطلق فيها‬
‫تكون املدرسة بيئة توفر العلم واالستمتاع في الوقت‬ ‫د‪.‬علياء إبراهيم‪ ،‬االستشارية األسرية والشخصية‪،‬‬ ‫الطفل والطالب بطاقاته اإلبداعية ببراعة‪ ،‬ويتميز‬
‫نفسه‪ ،‬حيث إن تزاحم املواد وكثافتها يفقد الطالب‬ ‫والتي أكدت بدورها أن شخصية الطفل تبدأ‬ ‫بسلوكيات إيجابية‪ ،‬فيتعرف على األلوان واآلالت‬
‫بالتشكل ً‬
‫بدءا من املرحلة االبتدائية وفي مرحلة‬
‫حيويته وجاهزيته ملمارسة األنشطة الص ّفية‪ ،‬نعم هذه‬ ‫املوسيقية وغيرها من املناهج التي تلعب دورا أساسي ًا‬
‫السؤال وعندما يبحث الطفل عن إجابة سؤال ماذا‬ ‫في تنميته وتكسر الروتني الدراسي‪ ،‬من خالل مناهج‬
Be Creative
Providing Media Production, Photography,
Graphic Design, PR, and Technical Workshops
services.

Located at Dubai Women’s College


For more information, please contact:

Ahlam Al Bannai - Comco Manager


comco@hct.ac.ae

Fraser MacDonald - Comco Coordinator


fraser.macdonald@hct.ac.ae
04-2089390
‫‪65‬‬

‫اجلنسية اإلماراتية لالستفادة من املزايا التي تقدمها‬ ‫ً‬


‫جهودا كبيرة‬ ‫ويبدو أ َّن حكومة دولة اإلمارات تبذل‬ ‫ب هؤالء‬
‫ب العزة واجلالل‪ ،‬وسيقولون يا ر ّ‬
‫أمام ر ّ‬
‫بيان‬
‫الدولة ملواطنيها‪ ،‬وذكرت وزارة الداخل ّية في ٍ‬ ‫صعبت‬ ‫ظل ظهور إشكال ّيات ّ‬ ‫ملعاجلة هذه القضية في ّ‬ ‫ظلمونا‪ ،‬وأكلوا حقوقنا فاحكم بيننا بالعدل‪.‬‬
‫خاص أن أفراد الفئتني الثانية والثالثة من عدميي‬‫ّ‬ ‫وتس ّببت في تأخير معاجلة القضية طوال السنوات‬
‫اجلنس ّية تقدّ موا بطلبات للحصول على جنسية دولة‬ ‫املاضية‪ ،‬وكنتيجة لذلك أصبح من الصعب حصر‬ ‫و« دمعة بدون » فتاة من مواليد إمارة رأس اخليمة‬
‫جزر القمر‪ ،‬متهيدً ا لتعديل أوضاعهم القانونية في‬ ‫مستح ّقي اجلنس ّية من « البدون »‪ ،‬فحسب جريدة‬ ‫تنتظر دورها في احلصول على جواز وجنس ّية الدولة‬
‫الدولة لتمكينهم فيما بعد من احلصول على اجلنسية‬ ‫الشرق األ ْوسط‪ ،‬فإنّ اللجنة املك ّلفة بدراسة مل ّ‬
‫ف‬ ‫كغيرها من أبناء «البدون »‪ ،‬تقول‪:‬أنا « بدون »‪،‬‬
‫اإلمارات ّية‪ ،‬وذلك مبوجب اتفاقية أبرمتها حكومة‬ ‫القضية كشفت ظهور عدة حاالت من التزوير‬ ‫وميكن اعتباري من الفئة املظلومة التى تنتظر دورها‬
‫الدولة مع حكومة جزر القمر‪ ،‬وتقتضي هذه االتفاق ّية‬ ‫والتالعب باألوراق الثبوتية إلى جانب إدالء البعض‬ ‫في احلصول على جنسية دولة اإلمارات‪ ،‬ولكن لم‬
‫مبنح « البدون » جنسية جزر القمر ليصبح وجودهم‬ ‫مبعلومات غير صحيحة بغرض احلصول على جنسية‬ ‫يحالفنا احلظ في احلصول عليها إلى اآلن‪ ،‬على‬
‫ّ‬
‫األقل‪ ،‬كما طلب الفريق‬ ‫في الدولة قانون ّي ًا على‬ ‫الدولة‪ ،‬وتضيف اجلريدة بالقول أنه تبني وجود حاالت‬ ‫الرغم من أ ّننا نحمل كل اإلثباتات والوثائق الرسم ّية‬
‫سمو الشيخ سيف بن زايد آل نهيان‪ ،‬وزير الداخلية‪،‬‬ ‫من املتسللني إلى اإلمارات بطرق غير مشروعة‬ ‫القدمية من جواز وجنسية إمارة رأس اخليمة قديمً ا قبل‬
‫منحهم إقامات‪ ،‬وإعفاءهم من جميع الغرامات‬ ‫وبالتالي االدّ عاء بوجودهم منذ سنوات‪ ،‬وفي هذا‬ ‫قيام االحتاد‪.‬‬
‫املترتبة عليهم‪ ،‬تقدي ًرا ملبادرتهم التي تؤكد حسن‬ ‫خاصة جلريدة أربيان بزنس‬ ‫الصدد وفي تصريحات ّ‬ ‫وتقول دمعة بدون ً‬
‫ردّا على إحدى املواضيع املتع ّلقة‬
‫النية اجتاه احترام سيادة القانون وإرادة املجتمع‪.‬‬ ‫يقول مديرعام مكتب وزير الداخلية‪ ،‬ورئيس اللجنة‬
‫بفئة « البدون »على شبكة اإلنترنت‪:‬لرمبا قدّرلي أن‬
‫املكلفة مبعاجلة قضية « البدون » اللواء ناصر‬
‫بحل نهائي لهذه املعضلة‬‫وتأمل احلكومة اإلماراتية ّ‬ ‫أعيش « بدون » حتّى مماتي أو حتى آخر حلظة في‬
‫خلريباني النعيمي‪ :‬لقد وضعت اللجنة في اعتبارها‬
‫التاريخية التي امتدّ ت ما يقارب أربعة عقود‬ ‫حياتي‪ ،‬ولكن تبقى اإلمارات موطني الذي لم أعرف‬
‫أولوية معاجلة مشكلة عدميي اجلنسية بوصفها‬
‫وأصبحت ملف ًا شائك ًا مبرور الزمن‪ ،‬ولكنّها بدأت‬ ‫سواه‪ ،‬فالهوية الوطنية ال تعني مج ّرد أوراق تتمثل‬
‫إحدى التحديات التي تؤرق واقع االستقرار األمني‬
‫فعل ّي ًا مبعاجلتها عندما أعلنت في أكتوبر ‪2007‬‬ ‫في اجلواز واجلنس ّية‪ ،‬ولكن الهو ّية الوطن ّية تتجاوز‬
‫خصوصا مع دخول أعداد متزايدة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫واالجتماعي العام‪،‬‬
‫رسمي‪ ،‬جتنيس ‪ً 1294‬‬
‫فردا ممّن ينتمون‬ ‫وبشكل‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫م‬ ‫مبعناها إلى الوالء واالنتماء‪ ،‬وأنا منٌذ ولدت إلى‬
‫ّ‬ ‫املسمى‪ ،‬مضيف ًا‬
‫ّ‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫حتت‬ ‫وانضوائهم‬ ‫من املتسللني‬
‫إلى ‪ 296‬أسرة‪ ،‬ممّا أنهى بالتالي معاناة الكثير من‬
‫ّ‬
‫وستظل اإلمارات‬ ‫اآلن لم أعرف غير اإلمارات وطن ًا‪،‬‬
‫سمو وزير الداخلية الشيخ سيف بن زايد آل نهيان‬ ‫أن ّ‬
‫هذه األسر‪ ،‬واستكمال دراسة حاالت البق ّية واتخاذ‬ ‫وطني ولن أتنازل عنها ولو أعطوني كنوز الدنيا‪.‬‬
‫شدّ د على ضرورة العمل على إنهاء هذه املشكلة‬
‫اإلجراءات والقرارات الالزمة بشأنهم سيعني املضي‬ ‫بطرق أكثر دقة وسرعة وفاعلية‪.‬‬ ‫وفي ردّ على مطالب الكثير من « البدون » في‬
‫ُقدُ م ًا في حتقيق املصالح األمنية واالجتماعية للدولة‪.‬‬ ‫احلصول على جنسية الدولة على اعتبار امتالكهم‬
‫“منح جوازات السفر‬ ‫جلوازات إمارات الدولة ما قبل االحتاد‪ ،‬تع ّلق اجلهات‬
‫املختصة مبعاجلة قضية « البدون » في اإلمارات عبر‬‫ّ‬
‫وخالصات القيد حق أصيل‬ ‫جريدة الشرق األوسط بالقول‪« :‬منح جوازات السفر‬
‫وخالصات القيد حق أصيل للحكومة االحتادية‪،‬‬
‫للحكومة االحتادية‪ ،‬والقاعدة‬ ‫والقاعدة في قانون اجلنسية أنّ جواز السفر ال يد َّل‬
‫في قانون اجلنسية أ ّن جواز‬ ‫على اجلنسية‪ ،‬وإمنا تثبت اجلنسية بخالصة القيد»‪.‬‬

‫السفر ال يدلَّ على اجلنسية‪،‬‬ ‫وفي عددها الصادر في اخلامس و العشرين من‬
‫أكتوبر ‪ ،2006‬أعلنت جريدة البيان احملل ّية عن‬
‫وإمنا تثبت اجلنسية بخالصة‬ ‫إجناز الدفعة األولى من كشوف عدميي اجلنس ّية عن‬
‫حصر األشخاص مستح ّقي اجلنس ّية الذين كانوا‬
‫القيد‪”.‬‬ ‫ث كشف العميد‬
‫طريق ْ‬
‫في الدولة قبل قيام االحتاد‪ ،‬ح ْي ُ‬
‫عبدالعزيز مكتوم الشريفي‪ ،‬مدير إدارة األمن الوقائي‬
‫وتستكمل أربيان بزنس قائلة‪ :‬هناك أرقام غير‬ ‫بوزارة الداخل ّية ورئيس اللجنة املك ّلفة بتو ّلي ملف‬
‫رسم ّية تشير إلى أنّ عدد عدميي اجلنسية في‬ ‫غير محد ّدي اجلنسية آنذاك‪ ،‬أنّ هناك معايير مع ّينة‬
‫توصلت‬ ‫اإلمارات ال يتجاوز عشرة آالف فرد‪ ،‬فيما ّ‬ ‫قامت اللجنة باعتمادها عند إعداد كشوف مستح ّقي‬
‫اللجنة املختصة بحصر مستح ّقي اجلنسية إلى أنّ‬ ‫اجلنس ّية‪ ،‬ومن هذه املعايير أن يكون املستح ّقني‬
‫العدد أقل من هذا بكثير‪ ،‬إذ أنّ مستح ّقي اجلنسية‬ ‫جلنس ّية الدولة مقيمني بصورة دائمة ومتواصلة في‬
‫ثبت وجودهم في اإلمارات قبل قيام االحتاد‪ ،‬أ ّما‬ ‫الدولة منذ ما قبل قيام االحتاد في الثاني من‬
‫الفئة الثانية فقد أتت بعد قيام االحتاد‪ ،‬بينما جاءت‬ ‫ديسمبر ‪1971‬م‪ ،‬مع اشتراط عدم إخفائهم أ ّية‬
‫الفئة الثالثة إلى اإلمارات بعد الغزو العراقي على‬ ‫تدل على جنس ّياتهم‬ ‫معلومات أو وثائق من شأنها أن ّ‬
‫الكويت في ‪ ،1990‬ونتيجة لذلك فإنّ الفئتني‬ ‫السابقة‪ ،‬وأن يكونوا من حسني السيرة والسلوك ولم‬
‫أهم شروط‬ ‫الثانية و الثالثة ال تنطبق عليهم إحدى ّ‬ ‫يرتكبوا أ ّية جرائم ُمخ ّلة بالشرف واألمانة‪ ،‬وحسب‬
‫احلصول على جنسية الدولة وهو إقامتهم بصورة‬ ‫املصدر ذاته‪ ،‬فإ َّن أي شخص ال تنطبق عليه الشروط‬
‫دائمة ومتواصلة في الدولة قبل قيام االحتاد‪ ،‬كما‬ ‫يتم اعتباره من عدميي اجلنس ّية وعليه‬ ‫املذكورة لن ّ‬
‫أنّ هناك شكوكا حول قيام أفراد الفئتني األخيرتني‬ ‫ستقوم وزارة الداخل ّية بالتعامل معه على أ ّنه شخص‬
‫من « البدون » بإخفاء جنسياتهم احلقيقية في‬ ‫مخالف لقوانني اإلقامة في الدولة‪.‬‬
‫محاولة للتحايل على حكومة الدولة واحلصول على‬
‫‪66‬‬

‫من فئة « البدون » فإنه لن يتمكن من توثيق عقد‬ ‫ذلك‪ ،‬فإ ّنني أبدي استعدادي في تلبية نداء الوطن‬ ‫الدولة قبل قيام االحتاد‪ ،‬بل إنّ العديد منهم كان‬
‫زواجه في احملكمة‪ ،‬األمر الذي أجبر الكثير من أبناء‬ ‫متى احتاجني‪ ،‬فإن لم أخدم وطني فمن أخدم؟؟‬ ‫يحمل جوازات سفر تابعة لإلمارة التي كان يقيم‬
‫هذه الفئة إلى أن تلجأ إلى عقد القران على الطريقة‬ ‫فيها وينتمى إليها قبل قيام احتاد اإلمارات السبع‬
‫القدمية بواسطة املأذون الشرعي في البيت‪ ،‬وحتّى هذا‬ ‫قصته‬
‫ويحكي ع‪ .‬هـ الذي ينتمي إلى أصول إيران ّية ّ‬ ‫في ‪ 1971‬م‪ ،‬حيث كانت كل إمارة متنح مواطنيها‬
‫كان ممكن ًا في السابق‪ ،‬إ ّال أنّ األمر ازداد صعوبة في‬ ‫وقصة أسرته التي من املفترض أن تكون أسرة مواطنة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫خاصة بها ولم يكن للجنسية وجود‬‫جوازات سفر ّ‬
‫وخاصة بعد أن أوصت إدارة التوثيق‬ ‫وقتنا احلالي‪،‬‬ ‫اآلن‪ ،‬حي ُ‬
‫ث أنّ والده قد ُمنح اجلواز اإلماراتي في عام‬ ‫آنذاك لتكون إلى جانب جواز السفر كوثيقة رسم ّية‬
‫ّ‬
‫بوزارة العدل املأذون الشرعي الذي لديه تفويض‬ ‫‪1976‬م‪ ،‬ولكن بعد ‪ 12‬سنة‪ ،‬شاءت األقدار أن‬ ‫ولكن بد قيام االحتاد في ‪1971‬م ُصد َر قانون‬
‫بتوثيق عقود الزواج خارج أسوار الوزارة‪ ،‬بعدم توثيق‬ ‫يتو ّفاه الله خالل رحلة العالج التي قضاها في إيران‬ ‫اجلنس ّية‪ ،‬وكنتيجة لهذا احلدث‪ ،‬ت ّوقف العمل بهذه‬
‫عقود زواج « البدون »‪.‬‬ ‫في ‪1988‬م‪ ،‬فدُ فن هناك‪ ،‬وكان ابنه ع‪ .‬هـ حينها‬ ‫اجلوازات ورفضت الدولة جتديدها‪ ،‬وبالتالي أصبح‬
‫يبلغ من العمر ثماني سنوات‪.‬‬ ‫هؤالء من مواطنوي اإلمارات السبع « بدون »‪.‬‬
‫وبصفته مأذون ًا شرع ّي ًا في محاكم دبي‪ ،‬يؤكد الس ّيد‬
‫علي أحمد احلمودي على أنّ قرار منع توثيق عقود‬ ‫ً‬
‫ونظرا لعدم امتالك هذه الفئة الوثائق الرسم ّية‪ ،‬يواجه‬
‫زواج « البدون » في محاكم الدولة م ّر مبراحل عدّ ة‬ ‫يواجه « البدون » معاناة‬ ‫«البدون » معاناة وصعوبة شديدتني في احلصول على‬
‫خالل السنوات القليلة املاضية قبل أن يدخل ح ّيز‬
‫فعلي‪.‬‬
‫بشكل ّ‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫التنفيذ‬
‫وصعوبة شديدتني في‬ ‫اخلدمات التعليمية والصح ّية واالجتماعية‪ ،‬كحقّ‬
‫التعلم والعالج وتوثيق عقود الزواج والطالق‪ ،‬وال‬

‫وفي تعليق على زواج « البدون » من مواطنات‬


‫احلصول على اخلدمات‬ ‫يقتصراألمر على هذا وحسب‪ ،‬بل إنّ البعض منهم‬
‫يواجه صعوبة في استخراج شهادات امليالد والوفاة‬
‫الدولة‪ ،‬يقول احلمودي‪ :‬لقد كانت احملاكم في السابق‬ ‫والصحية‬
‫ّ‬ ‫التعليمية‬ ‫ألفراد عائالتهم وأقربائهم‪ ،‬وعلى هذا فإنّ البدون‬
‫تشهد حاالت زواج « بدون » من مواطنات‪ ،‬ولكن‬
‫في الوقت احلالي‪ ،‬أصبحت الدولة ال تسمح بزواج‬ ‫واالجتماعية‪ ،‬كحق ّالتعلم‬ ‫ليسوا بدون جنسية فقط‪ ،‬بل إنّ أغلبهم بدون تعليم‬
‫ودون عمل ودون عقود زواج موثقة رسم ّي ًا من اجلهات‬
‫املواطنة من « بدون » حرص ًا منها على مصلحة‬
‫بناتها املواطنات‪ ،‬إذ أنّ العديد من أزواج املواطنات‬
‫والعالج وتوثيق عقود الزواج‬ ‫املختصة‪.‬‬
‫ّ‬
‫بهن طمع ًا في احلصول على‬
‫من « البدون »‪ ،‬ارتبطوا ّ‬ ‫‪،‬والطالق‬ ‫يقول حسن إبراهيم‪ 44 ،‬سنة‪ ،‬وهو أحد املواطنني «‬
‫جنس ّية الدولة؛ لذا فإنّ الدولة حريصة على احلفاظ‬ ‫البدون » املولودون في إمارة الشارقة‪ :‬غادر والدي‬
‫على مستقبل بناتها املواطنات من التع ّرض لهذه‬ ‫ويكمل ع‪ .‬هـ‪ .‬قائ ًال إنّ ثالثة من أخواته تز ّوجن من‬ ‫موطنه األصلي إيران بحث ًا عن العمل واالستقرار في‬
‫احلاالت‪.‬‬ ‫بينهن‬
‫ّ‬ ‫رجال مواطنني على الرغم من الفارق العمري‬ ‫اإلمارات قبل قيام االحتاد وتشكيل الدولة‪ ،‬وجاء‬
‫فإحداهن هي الزوجة الثالثة لزوجها‬
‫ّ‬ ‫وبني أزواجهن‪،‬‬ ‫للبحث عن رزقه كحال أي شخص ينشد سبل احلياة‬
‫ً‬
‫كثيرا‪،‬‬ ‫قصة ع‪ .‬هـ‪.‬‬
‫قصة أ‪ .‬ع‪ .‬عن ّ‬ ‫وال تختلف ّ‬ ‫بينما األخرى هي زوجة رابعة آلخر‪ ،‬ويقول ع‪ .‬هـ‪.‬‬ ‫الكرمية‪ ،‬وقد حت ّقق له ذلك‪ ،‬فقد أتى إلى اإلمارات‬
‫فهي كذلك شعرت باإلحباط وخيبة األمل في دائرة‬ ‫بأنّ ظروف احلياة الصعبة التي يعيشها « البدون‬ ‫واستق ّر بها وعمل بها حتّى تز ّوج وحصل على جواز‬
‫الزواج احملرم واملمنوع على « البدون » حسب قوانني‬ ‫ت لالرتباط برجال مواطنني‬ ‫» جعلت أخواته مضطرا ّ‬ ‫إمارة الشارقة‪.‬‬
‫ب إماراتي‪ ،‬وكانت‬ ‫الدولة فـ أ‪ .‬ع‪ .‬كانت مخطوبة لشا ّ‬ ‫مستقبلهن‬
‫ّ‬ ‫لهن تأمني‬
‫على أساس أنّ ذلك يضمن ّ‬
‫قدم وساق خالل‬‫ٍ‬ ‫على‬ ‫جتهيزات حفل عقد قرانها تسير‬ ‫أبنائهن وعيش حياة كرمية‪.‬‬
‫ّ‬ ‫ومستقبل‬ ‫وهذا السيناريو مشابه لسيناريوهات عدّ ة حدثت قبل‬
‫شهر رمضان على أمل أن يشهد العيد فرحة عمرها‪،‬‬ ‫تشكيل دولة اإلمارات التي كانت آنذاك ساح ًال ينزل‬
‫بشكل دراماتيكي إلـى‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫إ ّال أنّ هذه الفرحة حتولت‬ ‫وكشف ع‪.‬هـ‪ .‬بأنّ زواج شقيقاته من مواطنني لم‬ ‫فيه عدد من القادمني من الدول املجاورة وأبرزها‬
‫وألم شديدين بعد أن ت ّلقت اتّصا ًال من خطيبها‬‫حزن ٍ‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫وحدهن فحسب‪ ،‬بل أنّ ذلك سهّ ل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مستقبلهن‬
‫ّ‬ ‫يؤ ّمن‬ ‫دولة إيران‪.‬‬
‫صبيحة يوم عقد القران يقدّ م من خالله اعتذاره عن‬ ‫عدد من معامالته اليوم ّية التي تتط ّلب‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫إجناز‬ ‫عليه‬
‫االستمرار في رغبة االرتباط بها بأوامر من والدته‬ ‫منه إبراز وثائق رسم ّية معتمدة‪ ،‬ومن هذه املعامالت‬ ‫وأشار حسن إلى أنّ والده وفد إلى اإلمارات وهو‬
‫التي كانت موافقة على هذا الزواج في بادىء األمر‪،‬‬ ‫املسجلة أصال باسم إحدى‬
‫ّ‬ ‫جتديد ملك ّية س ّيارته‬ ‫يبلغ من العمر ‪ 12‬سنة فقط‪ ،‬ما يعني أنه أمضى‬
‫ولكن يبدو أ ّنها لم تنتظر إ ّال يوم عقد القران كي‬ ‫أخواته املواطنات‪ ،‬احلاصالت على جنس ّية الدولة بعد‬ ‫ُج ّل حياته على أ ْرض اإلمارات‪ ،‬كما أكد على أ ّن ُه‬
‫تراجع فيه حساباتها في زواج ابنها من « بدون »‪.‬‬ ‫الزواج‪ ،‬إذ إنّ الدولة ترفض جتديد بطاقات ملك ّية‬ ‫يحتفظ بجواز سفر والده املتو ّفى والصادر من إمارة‬
‫سيارات فئة « البدون »‪ ،‬كما أنّ وزارة الداخلية ممثّلة‬ ‫الشارقة في عام ‪1953‬م‪ ،‬باإلضافة إلى بطاقة عمل‬
‫وجتيز قوانني الدولة للمواطن االرتباط بفتاة من فئة‬ ‫بإدارة املرور ال متنح ُرخص القيادة ألبناء هذه الفئة‬ ‫احتادية صادرة في عام ‪1967‬م‪ ،‬واستطرد قائ ًال‪ :‬لقد‬
‫« البدون »‪ ،‬ونتيجة لزواجها من مواطن‪ ،‬تكون من‬ ‫ومتتنع عن جتديدها‪ ،‬فحسب مصادر في إدارة املرور‬ ‫ُولدت هنا في اإلمارات وأنا اآلن أبلغ من العمر ‪44‬‬
‫بشكل مباشر‪ّ ،‬‬
‫إآل أ ّنه‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫املستحقينّ جلواز وجنس ّية الدولة‬ ‫سنة‪ ،‬أ ّما أخي األكبر فهو في اخلمسينات من عمره‪،‬‬
‫بإمارة دبي فإنّ هذا القرار معمول به منذ نحو سنتني‪،‬‬
‫ب في قصتنا السابقة خشيت من‬ ‫يبدو بأنّ والدة الشا ّ‬ ‫كل هذا أن نكون غرباء في أرض‬ ‫فكيف لنا بعد ّ‬
‫وفي هذا الصدد‪ ،‬أشار ع ‪.‬هـ إلى أ ّنه حصل على‬
‫نظرات الناس وانتقاداتهم الرتباط ابنها « ببدون »‪.‬‬ ‫رخصة القيادة قبل تطبيق هذا القانون‪.‬‬ ‫ُولدنا فيها؟؟‬

‫وتتساءل « دمعة بدون »‪ ،‬االسم املستعار لصاحبته‬ ‫مهم من جوانب معاناته‬ ‫وبنبرة فيها الكثير من العتب و الشجن قال حسن‪:‬‬
‫ب ّ‬ ‫وع ّرج ع‪ .‬هـ‪ .‬على جان ٍ‬
‫التي رفضت أن حتكي لنا بعض قصص املعاناة‪ ،‬قائلة‬ ‫كونه من فئة « البدون »‪ ،‬حيث أ ّنه اعترف بعدم‬ ‫ت في الدفاع املدني في دبي مدّ ة ‪12‬سنة‪،‬‬‫لقدعمل ُ‬
‫كل هذا الهجوم الشرس على فئة « البدون »‬ ‫‪:‬ملاذا ّ‬ ‫ت في حرب اخلليج ‪1990‬م‪ ،‬و لكن‬ ‫كما أ ّنني خدم ُ‬
‫قدرته على الزواج من الفتاة التي يريدها على اعتبار‬
‫ب غير‬‫ٌّ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ولهم‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫كوكب‬ ‫من‬ ‫أتوا‬ ‫هم‬ ‫هل‬ ‫املظلومة؟‬ ‫أ ّنها مواطنة‪ ،‬وعدا عن هذا‪ ،‬فإنه في مواجهة قوانني‬ ‫من املؤسف جدّ ًا أن أقول بأنّ خدمتي العسكرية قد‬
‫الله‪ ،‬أم أ َّن أشكالهم تختلف عن أشكال بق ّية البشر‬ ‫الدولة التي أصدرت أوامرها برفض توثيق عقود زواج‬ ‫التعسفي في عام ‪ 1996‬م بعد‬
‫ّ‬ ‫قوبلت بالفصل‬
‫بأنهم سيقفون يوم احلساب‬
‫ّ‬ ‫في العالم؟؟ ال تنسوا‬ ‫« البدون »‪ ،‬ممّا يعني بأنه حتّى لو تقدّ م خلطبة فتاة‬ ‫سنوات من الكفاح و املعاناة‪ ،‬ولكن على الرغم من‬
‫‪67‬‬

‫البدون ‪ :‬دون هو ّية ‪ ..‬دون وطن‬


‫عائشة املدني و أمينة شهواري‬

‫جواز سفر والد السيد‪ /‬حسن إبراهيم‪ .‬الصادر من إمارة الشارقة في عام ‪1953‬م‪( .‬تصوير أمينة شهواري‪/‬كلية دبي للطالبات)‬

‫ب مع املظهر‬ ‫َ‬
‫املواطنة جنب ًا إلى جن ْ‬ ‫لتكتمل منظومة‬ ‫مت حديثي‪ ،‬قاطعني قائ ًال‪:‬‬‫بهكذا مكان‪ ،‬لم ميهلني أل ّ‬ ‫في أثناء إحدى جوالتي للتسوق في أحد مراكز‬
‫العا ّم واللغة والدين‪ ،‬فهذا « البدون » الذي طالعني‬ ‫كل هؤالء الشباب الذين يرتدون الكندورة‬ ‫أت ْرين ّ‬ ‫ب في مقتبل العمر بز ّيه‬ ‫التسوق‪ ،‬لفت نظري شا ّ‬
‫مبظهر ه احمللي ولغته العربية وثقافته املنتمية حتّى‬ ‫ومعهم أنا ؟ إ ّننا « بدون » ‪.‬‬ ‫اإلماراتي (الكندورة و العصامة) وهو يلتقط‬
‫إماراتي كادح ٌمنتج‪ ،‬البد أن‬
‫ّ‬ ‫ت أ ّن ُه شا ٌّ‬
‫ب‬ ‫تصور ُّ‬ ‫املخصصة ويضعها على‬
‫ّ‬ ‫األغراض من صناديقها‬
‫املهم الوقوف عند‬
‫كثيرا‪ ،‬ولكن كان من ّ‬‫ً‬ ‫لم أتفاجأ‬
‫كثيرين صادفوا « بدون ًا » منتجا في هيئة شاب‬ ‫األرفف بترتيب تا ّم‪ ،‬ولم أكد أصدّ ق عيني حتّى وقع‬
‫ً‬
‫كلمة « البدون » والتأمل فيها طويال ‪ ،‬فهؤالء‬
‫مواطن‪ ،‬ولم يعرفوا أنه ليس مواطنا شرعيا ألنه ال‬ ‫ب آخر كان منشغ ًال في تقطيع البصل‬ ‫نظري على شا ّ‬
‫يحم هوية!‬ ‫الشباب يرتدون ثيابنا ويتحدّ ثون لغتنا ويعتزون‬ ‫في قسم اخلضراوات والفواكه‪ ،‬ولم يكن مصدر هذا‬
‫بثقافتنا وميارسون عاداتنا وتقاليدنا العربية‬ ‫ب اإلماراتي قد‬ ‫االندهاش غير تصوري بأنّ نظرة الشا ّ‬
‫بشكل عا ّم‪ ،‬فئة من املقيمني في الدولة‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫« البدون »‬ ‫واإلسالم ّية‪ ،‬وفوق هذا و ذاك‪ ،‬فإنّ أكثرهم قد ُولدوا‬ ‫تغ ّيرت إلى الوظائف املتواضعة ذات الدخل املتواضع‬
‫وهم غير محدّ دي اجلنس ّية أو عدميي اجلنس ّية ‪ ،‬ودرج‬ ‫وعاشوا بيننا حتّى صاروا جيران ًا وأصدقاء‪ً ،‬‬
‫إذا فما‬ ‫والتي ال يشغلها عاد ًة إ ّال الوافدون‪ ،‬وأسعدني ّ‬
‫توصل‬
‫الناس على تسمية هذه الفئة « بالبدون » وهو تعبير‬ ‫الفرق بيننا غير كلمة « البدون »؟ وملاذا هم بدون‬ ‫الشاب اإلماراتي أخيرا إلى هذا الوعي اجلديد الذي‬
‫خليجي؛ أل ّنهم دون أوراق ثبوتية تشير إلى هو ّيتهم‬ ‫من األساس؟ وماذا يعني أن يكونوا « بدون » طوال‬ ‫يثير الفخر واالعتزاز‪ ،‬األمر الذي دفعني إلى التق ّرب‬
‫األصل ّية‪ ،‬وقد ث ُبت وجود عدد كبير من هذه الفئة في‬ ‫هذه العقود الطويلة؟؟ وملاذا ال يمُ نَحون جنسية الدولة‬ ‫من أحدهم للتعبير عن مدى سعادتي لقبوله العمل‬
‫‪68‬‬

‫ً‬
‫وحتديدا اخلتان من النوع‬ ‫وتكمن أضرار ختان البنات‪،‬‬ ‫ومهما كان قول الشريعة اإلسالمية في مسألة ختان‬
‫الفرعوني ‪ -‬كما أردفت الدكتورة‪ ،‬بأنه "تكون هناك‬ ‫البنت‪ ،‬فيشدد الدكتور أحمد احلداد على أنه في‬
‫إمكانية كبيرة في حدوث نزيف دموي والتهابات‬ ‫حال مت اخلتان‪ ،‬فيجب أن يتم عند والدة البنت وليس‬
‫ومتزقات وجروح وقروح في املنطقة عند اجلماع‬ ‫بعد كبرها‪ ،‬فهذا عند ذلك ال يجوز شرع ًا‪" ،‬فكل ما‬
‫والوالدة‪ ،‬ناهيك عن األضرار النفسية اجلسيمة التي‬ ‫في األمر أنك تتبع السنة‪ ،‬فلماذا تفعل احلرام؟!"‬
‫تشعر بها املرأة إذا كانت مختنة‪ ".‬واجلدير بالذكر‬ ‫واحلرام في هذه املسألة أن ختان البنت عند كبرها كما‬
‫أن هناك الكثير من احلاالت التي انتهت ‪-‬نتيجة‬ ‫ذكر فضيلة الشيخ "يؤدي إلى أذ ّية الطفلة وكشف‬
‫اخلتان اخلاطئ‪ -‬في ُغرف العمليات أو بالوفاة في‬ ‫عورتها‪ ،‬فلذلك يتعينّ منع ختان البنت عند الكبر‪".‬‬
‫أسوأ احلاالت‪.‬‬ ‫على عكس الرجل‪ ،‬فالبد من ختانه حتى ولو كبر؛‬
‫ألن الرجل سيحمل معه جناسة بعد ذلك‪ ،‬وينبغي‬
‫ومما ال شك فيه أن الكثير من أفراد املجتمع‬ ‫ختانه لزوم ًا للطهارة‪ .‬أما املرأة وكما أردف الدكتور‬
‫اإلماراتي يشكك في دور اجلهات املختصة من حيث‬ ‫أحمد احلداد‪ ،‬فإنها "ال حتمل جناسة معها‪ ،‬وليس‬
‫توضيح مغزى ختان البنات وبيان ماهية املوضوع وما‬ ‫هناك ضرر من عدم اخلتان‪ ".‬كما يشدد الدكتور‬
‫له وما عليه‪ .‬وال عجب أن يختفي أو ُيغ ّيب دور هذه‬ ‫أحمد احلداد على أن اخلتان الفرعوني "جناية في حق‬
‫اجلهات في التوعية بشأن هذا املوضوع؛ فقد رفض‬ ‫املرأة وأن فاعله يستحق العقاب؛ ملا فيه من استنزاف‬
‫الكثير من مسؤولي اجلهات املختصة املشاركة أو‬ ‫في حق املرأة واإلضرار بها‪ ،‬وتكون عند ذلك غير‬
‫التعاون مع فريق العمل إلبداء وجهة النظر الطبية‬ ‫راغبة في زوجها؛ ممِ ا يقضي على حياتها ومستقبلها‪،‬‬
‫حول موضوع ختان البنات‪ .‬رمبا يكون االستسالم‬ ‫ولن تتط ّلع ُ‬
‫لرجلها ولن تقوم بواجباتها نحوه‪".‬‬
‫ورفع الرايات البيضاء واالنصياع لقيود العادات‬
‫فضل الكثير منهم‬ ‫والتقاليد ـزكثر راحة لهم؛ لذلك ّ‬
‫الته ّرب‪ ،‬معتقدين أنه ْأخ َير لهم من مواجهة زوبعة‬ ‫العفّ ة أمر يعود به على أخالق‬‫ِ‬
‫املتعصبني من الناس‪.‬‬
‫ّ‬ ‫الكالم وردود أفعال‬
‫املرأة؛ فهناك “كثير من بالد‬
‫املسلمني ال يخنت نساؤها‪،‬‬
‫ولم جند فيها آثارا ً سلبية‬
‫ظاهرة لدى الفتيات من‬
‫أجل ترك اخلتان‪ ،‬بينما توجد‬
‫انحرافات أخرى تشترك فيها‬
‫اخملتنات وغير اخملتنات‪”.‬‬
‫أما لبيان الناحية الطبية ملوضوع اخلتان‪ ،‬فقد ذكرت‬
‫فضلت عدم ذكر اسمها‬ ‫الدكتورة (مجهولة)‪ ،‬والتي ّ‬
‫ألسباب كثيرة احتفظت بها لنفسها‪ ،‬أن ختان الذكور‬
‫أمر البد منه؛ ألن عدم القيام بهذه العملية للذكور‬
‫يؤدي إلى اإلصابة بالكثير من االلتهابات التي قد‬
‫تؤدي إلى اإلصابة باألمراض اخلطيرة كالسرطان‪.‬‬
‫وتن ّوه الدكتورة (مجهولة) إلى أن "هذه األمراض‬
‫وااللتهابات قد تنتقل وبال شك إلى املرأة عند عملية‬
‫اجلماع‪ ".‬أما عن ختان البنات فهو أمر مرفوض‬
‫طبي ًا وال توجد هناك أية فائدة من عملية اخلتان إال‬
‫في تخفيض الرغبة اجلنسية عند املرأة‪ ،‬حيث تقول‬
‫الدكتورة "تقوم اخلاتنة في عملية اخلتان بإزالة جزء‬
‫من مركز اإلحساس عند املرأة‪ ،‬فيقلل من رغبتها‬
‫اجلنسية‪ ".‬أما في اخلتان الفرعوني‪ ،‬فتقوم اخلاتنة‬
‫بإزالة املنطقة بأكملها وتفقد عندها املرأة اإلحساس‬
‫ً‬
‫"جمادا خالي ًا‬ ‫كل ّيا بعملية اجلماع‪ ،‬وتكون املرأة بذلك‬
‫من اإلحساس‪ ،‬وظيفتها إجناب األطفال ليس إال!"‬
‫‪69‬‬

‫ختان البنات‪ ،‬انتهاك حلق املرأه‪( .‬تصميم وفاء املرزوقي‪/‬كلية دبي للطالبات(‬

‫اخلتان عادة وليست عبادة‪ ،‬يتم تطبيقها من ِقبل‬ ‫"التربية ا َحل َسنة واألخالق احلميدة والتمسك بالدين‬ ‫عن شيء فإمنا هو ينم عن مدى اجلهل الذي يعيشون‬
‫الكثير من الناس في األمة اإلسالمية‪ ،‬دون وجود أي‬ ‫اإلسالمي يغلب أي اجنراف نحو اخلطأ وليس للختان‬ ‫فيه‪ ".‬وتؤيدها بالرأي ميثاء محمد‪ ٢٢ ،‬عام ًا طالبة‬
‫دليل واضح من القرآن أوالسنة على وجوبه وإلزامه‪.‬‬ ‫أي دخل باملوضوع‪".‬‬ ‫حيث تشدد على دور اجلهات املختصة للحد من هذا‬
‫ويشيد فضيلة الشيخ بالذكر إلى البيان الذي مت‬ ‫مضيفة "يجب أن يكون للجهات املختصة‬‫ً‬ ‫املوضوع‪،‬‬
‫إصداره من ِقبل األمم املتحدة قبل سنتني والذي ينص‬ ‫وبالرجوع إلى أصل موضوع ختان البنت وإسناده إلى‬ ‫دور توعوي أفضل‪ ".‬وتؤكد ميثاء أن "ما نعانيه‬
‫على منع ختان اإلناث ألضرار كثيرة أجمع عليها‬ ‫الشريعة اإلسالمية‪َ ،‬يذكر فضيلة الشيخ الدكتور‬ ‫شح في املصادر واملعلومات فيما يتعلق‬‫اليوم من ّ‬
‫األطباء املختصني والنفسيني‪ ،‬ويضيف قائ ًال "قد‬ ‫أحمد احلداد‪ ،‬كبير املفتني‪ ،‬ومدير إدارة اإلفتاء‬ ‫بختان البنات َيحول دون توعية األفراد بخطورة مثل‬
‫يكون ِخفاض املرأة (ختانها دون إنهاك) في مصلحة‬ ‫في دائرة الشؤون اإلسالمية والعمل اخليري في‬ ‫هذه العمليات خصوص ًا ما إذا مت القيام بها على‬
‫الرجل‪ ،‬ولكن علينا أن ال ننسى أن في ختان املرأة‬ ‫دولة اإلمارات‪ ،‬أن ختان اإلناث كان معروف ًا عند‬ ‫أيدي من ليست لديهم أية دراية طبية أو خبرة مهنية‬
‫أضرار نفسية وجسدية كثيرة؛ لذلك يتوجب علينا‬ ‫العرب‪ ،‬وكانت هناك الكثير من اخلاتنات الالتي‬ ‫في عمليات ختان البنات‪".‬‬
‫أن ال نبدّ ي مصلحة أحد على اآلخر إذا كان املوضوع‬ ‫يقمن بهذه الوظيفة‪ .‬وكان النبي ‪-‬صلى الله عليه‬
‫ً‬
‫ضررا بأحد األطراف‪".‬‬ ‫يلحق‬ ‫وسلم‪ -‬يوصيهن فيقول‪" :‬ش ّفي وال تَنهَكي‪ ،‬فإنه‬ ‫ويتفق أغلب رجال املجتمع اإلماراتي على أن عملية‬
‫أسرى للوجه‪ ،‬وأحظى عند الزوج‪ ".‬وكذلك في صحيح‬ ‫ختان البنات هي عملية ال جدوى منها‪ ،‬ويرفض‬
‫واجلدير بالذكر أن فضيلة الشيخ الع ّالمة الدكتور‬ ‫البخاري‪ ،‬فقد ُذكر عن النبي ‪-‬صلى الله عليه وسلم‪-‬‬ ‫الكثير منهم مبدأ ختان البنت ملا فيه من مضار‬
‫يوسف القرضاوي قد ن ّوه في دراسة له عن احلكم‬ ‫الغسل‪".‬‬‫أنه قال‪" :‬إذا التقى اخلتانان فقد وجب ُ‬ ‫كثيرة إذا متت عملية اخلتان بطريقة خاطئة‪ .‬حيث‬
‫الشرعي في ختان اإلناث مت نشره على موقع‬ ‫ً‬
‫موجودا عند املرأة‬ ‫و ُيستدَ ل من ذلك أن اخلتان كان‬ ‫يرفض محمد أحمد‪ ٢٨ ،‬عام ًا‪ ،‬موظف في أحد‬
‫‬)‪ ،‪(www.qaradawi.net‬أن األحاديث الواردة‬ ‫والرجل على حد سواء‪ ،‬ولكن لم يتّضح من القرآن‬ ‫البنوك‪ ،‬مبدأ ختان البنت رفض ًا قاطع ًا؛ ملا فيه من‬
‫لبيان مسألة ختان البنت هي أحاديث شريفة قاصرة‬ ‫أو من السنة النبوية أي إيجاب أو إلزام بخصوص‬ ‫مضار جسدية ونفسية تؤدي إلى الكثير من املشاكل‬
‫لالستدالل بها على هذا احلكم‪ ،‬ولكنها جاءت في‬ ‫مسألة ختان البنت‪ .‬وين ّوه الدكتور أن اجتهاد العلماء‬ ‫ً‬
‫مؤكدا أن "الكثير ِمن َمن يقومون‬ ‫التي ال تنتهي‪،‬‬
‫سبيل اإلرشاد في ما يقوم به الناس من أمور دنيوية‪.‬‬ ‫في املذاهب اإلسالمية األربعة اختلف بدرجة بسيطة‪،‬‬ ‫بختان بناتهم يعانون من مشكلة الفهم اخلاطىء‬
‫ويشير الدكتور القرضاوي في فتواه ذاتها إلى أن‬ ‫فمنهم من يرى وجوبه كالسادة الشافعية‪ ،‬حيث "يرون‬ ‫لإلسالم‪ ،‬وأن كثيرا منهم يطبق اخلتان ألسباب قبلية‬
‫بعض الناس ‪-‬من بينهم الفقهاء واألطباء‪ -‬يحبذون‬ ‫أن اخلتان واجب للرجل واملرأة‪ ،‬ولكن املرأة نّ‬
‫تخت‬ ‫بحتة يلصقها معظمهم في ظهر الدين!" ويوافقه‬
‫ِخفاض اإلناث خشية أن يؤدي عدم ختانهن إلى‬ ‫جدا بحيث ال يكون هناك إنهاك‪ ".‬ومنهم‬ ‫بصفة قليلة ً‬ ‫في الرأي ماجد أحمد‪ ١٩ ،‬عام ًا‪ ،‬طالب جامعي‪،‬‬
‫وقوعهن في احلرام أو اقترابهن منه‪ .‬في الوقت‬ ‫من يرى أن ختان البنات مستحب كالسادة احلنابلة‬ ‫حيث ُيرجع السبب احلقيقي خلتان البنات بني أفراد‬
‫الع ّفة أمر يتعلق‬
‫نفسه يشدد فضيلة الشيخ على أن ِ‬ ‫واحلنفية‪ ،‬بينما يرى السادة املالكية أن ختان البنت‬ ‫املجتمع اإلماراتي إلى "اجنراف الناس خلف العادات‬
‫بأخالق املرأة؛ فهناك "كثير من بالداملسلمني ال تخنت‬ ‫أفضل لها ْ‬
‫وأخ َير (مكرمة)‪.‬‬ ‫والتقاليد دون الرجوع إلى آراء ومشورة أهل‬
‫فيها النساء‪ ،‬ولم جند فيها ً‬
‫آثارا سلبية ظاهرة لدى‬ ‫االختصاص‪ ".‬ويرى أن ختان البنت ما هو إال ظلم‬
‫الفتيات بسبب ترك اخلتان‪ ،‬بينما توجد انحرافات‬ ‫ويتفق معه فضيلة الشيخ الدكتور أحمد القبيسي‬ ‫في حقها‪ ،‬ويضيف قائال "يخاف الكثير من الناس‬
‫أخرى تشترك فيها املختنات وغير املختنات‪".‬‬ ‫الرئيس السابق لقسم الدراسات اإلسالمية بجامعة‬ ‫أن تقع ابنتهم في اخلطأ قبل أو بعد زواجها؛ لذلك‬
‫بغداد‪ ،‬وحال ّي ًا بجامعة اإلمارات‪ ،‬حيث يؤكد أن‬ ‫يقومون بعملية اخلتان‪ ".‬ولكنه يشدد بالذكر أن‬
‫‪70‬‬

‫ت على عملية اخلتان وتزوجت منه‪ ".‬وتع ّلل‬


‫فوافق ُ‬ ‫النوع من ختان البنات مازال شائع ًا حتى يومنا هذا‬ ‫"كان عمري ما يقارب ثماني سنوات عندما أخذتني‬
‫علياء شرط زوجها بتمسكه بعادات وتقاليد قبيلته‪.‬‬ ‫في بعض أرجاء الدول العربية‪ ،‬منها مصر والسودان‬ ‫والدتي مع أخواتي إلى املستشفى‪ .‬أدخلوني وحدي‬
‫على وجه اخلصوص ألسباب قد تكون معروفة عند‬ ‫مع املمرضة إلى غرفة بيضاء اللون‪ ،‬وكنت أشعر‬
‫سارة علي‪ ٢٣ ،‬عام ًا‪ ،‬طالبة جامعية‪ ،‬متت ختانتها‬ ‫البعض‪ ،‬مبهمة عند البعض اآلخر‪ .‬أما في دول‬ ‫عندها باخلوف الشديد ألنني لم أعرف ما الذي‬
‫هي وأخواتها الستة في عمر التسع سنوات في إحدى‬ ‫ً‬
‫وحتديدا في دولة اإلمارات ‪-‬ومهما أنكرت‬ ‫اخلليج‬ ‫يجري من حولي‪ .‬طلبت مني املمرضة أن أستلقي‬
‫املستشفيات احلكومية بالدولة عندما كانت عملية‬ ‫ً‬
‫هذه احلقيقة‪ -‬فإن ختان البنات مازال رسما من‬ ‫على السرير‪ ،‬ولم أحس عندها إال بآالم حادة ناجتة‬
‫ختان البنات أمرا مسموحا به‪ .‬وتن ّوه سارة أن أختها‬ ‫العادات القبلية عند البعض‪ ،‬والدينية عند البعض‬ ‫عن وخزة اإلبرة‪ ،‬قامت بعدها املمرضة بأشياء أخرى‬
‫الصغرى أفلتت من عملية اخلتان بعد أن مت منعها‬ ‫اآلخر‪ ،‬تلك العادات التي متارس غالبا في اخلفاء‬ ‫لم أحس بها‪ ،‬وانتهى عندها كل شيء‪ ".‬هكذا‬
‫من قبل اجلهات املختصة‪ .‬وتردف سارة "كان والدي‬ ‫على الرغم من أنها غير شرعية‪ ،‬واجلدير بالذكر أن‬ ‫استهلت أسماء عبيد‪ ٢١ ،‬عاما‪ ،‬طالبة‪ ،‬قصتها‬
‫دائم ًا من معارضي ختان البنات‪ ،‬ولكن ضغط نساء‬ ‫نوع اخلتان الشائع في دولة اإلمارات هو اخلتان الذي‬ ‫مع عملية اخلتان التي مت إجراؤها لها هي وأخواتها‬
‫ابتداء من جدتي وصو ًال إلى خاالتي وعماتي‬
‫ً‬ ‫العائلة‬ ‫تقوم فيه اخلاتنة بإزالة جزء بسيط من املنطقة‪ ،‬وهو‬ ‫اخلمسة األخريات عندما أخذتهن الوالدة فيما تسميه‬
‫كان أكبر من ُسلطة والدي‪ ".‬وتشدد سارة على أن‬ ‫ما يسميه البعض بـ "اخلتان الشرعي"!‬ ‫"سايرين رحلة قصيرة وبنرجع!"‬
‫اخلتان ظاهرة سلبية وتراها بال شك انتهاكا حلقوق‬
‫املرأة التي فطرها الله عليها‪.‬‬ ‫ومما ال شك فيه أن اآلراء تتباين حول هذه الظاهرة‬ ‫يعد موضوع ختان البنات من املواضيع بالغة‬
‫نظرا حلساسية املوضوع واختالف‬‫بني مؤيد ومعارض ً‬ ‫احلساسية واألهمية في املجتمع اإلماراتي مهما‬
‫ومن وجهة نظر معاكسة‪ ،‬فإن فاطمة عيسى‪٢٢ ،‬‬ ‫مستوى التفكير واإلدراك بني أفراد املجتمع‪ .‬حيث‬ ‫سدلت عليها الستائر‪ .‬وما زال السـؤال اجلدلي‬‫ُأ ِ‬
‫عام ًا‪ ،‬موظفة في أحد البنوك‪ ،‬هي البنت الوحيدة‬ ‫تبينّ ُوفق ًا لالستبيانات واألبحاث التي مت إجراؤها من‬ ‫قائم ًا حول ما إذا كان ختان البنت ً‬
‫أمرا يستحبه‬
‫املختنة في عائلتها رغم أنها هي الصغرى‪ ،‬حيث‬ ‫قبل فريق عمل املوضوع على شريحة عشوائية تألفت‬ ‫الدين أو تفرضه العادات والتقاليد‪ ،‬ومهما كان‬
‫أرسلتها والدتها مع صديقتها وابنتها إلى املستشفى‬ ‫من ما يقارب الـ ‪ ٢٠٠‬من مواطني املجتمع اإلماراتي‬ ‫السبب فإن كثيرين يفضلون االجنراف مع موجة‬
‫لتتم ختانتهن‪ .‬وتعتقد فاطمة أن والدتها قد تكون‬ ‫من كال اجلنسني حول موضوع ختان البنات‪ ،‬فقد تبني‬ ‫التقليد األعمى ملا فعله اآلباء واألجداد دون الرجوع‬
‫تأ ّثرت بأفكار وعادات صديقتها‪ ،‬حيث تقول "ال‬ ‫أن ‪ ٪٣٤‬من اإلناث في هذا االستبيان مختنات‬ ‫أو البحث في أصل املوضوع بكل حيثياته الدينية‬
‫أعرف األسباب احلقيقية لعملية اخلتان‪ ،‬وال أعرف‬ ‫ألسباب قد تكون متشابهة‪ ،‬يأتي على رأسها‬ ‫والطبية‪.‬‬
‫ت مع العملية أم ضدها! ولكن إذا‬ ‫حتى ما إذا كن ُ‬ ‫العادات والتقاليد‪ .‬كما تبني أن ‪ ٪٨٢‬يعارضن فكرة‬
‫قامت والدتي بأم ٍر ما‪ ،‬فأنا على يقني بأنه أمر جيد‬ ‫ختان البنات‪ ،‬وأن ‪ ٪٤٠‬من النساء املختنات يؤيدن‬ ‫فأين يكمن اخللل في موضوع ختان البنات إذا‬
‫ولن يضرني بشيء‪ ".‬وتع ّلل فاطمة كالمها بأن كل‬ ‫هذه الظاهرة ويشددن على تطبيقها على بناتهن في‬ ‫كان أمرا قد رفع عنه القلم من الناحية الدينية؟‬
‫أم تريد األفضل لبناتها‪ ،‬وإذا كانت عملية اخلتان‬ ‫املستقبل‪ .‬بينما ‪ ٪٩٩‬من الرجال في االستبيان ذاته‬ ‫وهل هناك قيود دينية وثقافية خلتان البنات يجب‬
‫عندئذ بختانها‪.‬‬
‫ٍ‬ ‫تضرها فلن تقوم والدتها‬ ‫يرفضون فكرة ختان البنت رفض ًا قاطع ًا وال يرون فيه‬ ‫على املعنيني الرجوع إليها؟ وما هي نظرة الطب‬
‫أي فائدة تُذكر‪.‬‬ ‫لهذا املوضوع؟ وهل هناك جوانب إيجابية وسلبية‬
‫للموضوع يطغى أحدهما على اآلخر؟ وهل حق ًا يعد‬
‫أما منى محمد‪ ٢٣ ،‬عام ًا‪ ،‬طالبة وأم لولدين‪،‬‬ ‫ترجع مرمي حميد‪ ٢١ ،‬عام ًا‪ ،‬طالبة في إحدى‬ ‫ختان البنت سلب ًا حلقوقها األنثوية التي فطرها الله‬
‫فسوف تقوم بعملية اخلتان في حال ُرزقت مبولودة‬ ‫اجلامعات‪ ،‬في الذاكرة إلىالسابعة من عمرها‪ ،‬حيث‬ ‫عليها كما يدّ عي معارضو املوضوع؟ تساؤالت كثيرة‬
‫أنثى‪ ،‬مشدد ًة على أن ت َُط ّبق العملية كما مت تطبيقها‬ ‫مت أخذها إلى منزل جدة والدها (اخلاتنة)‪ ،‬واملعروفة‬ ‫مبهمة حتتاج إلى إجابات شافية لن يجيب عليها إال‬
‫عليها‪ ،‬حيث كانت تبلغ من العمر يومني فقط عندما‬ ‫بالعلم والدراية الكبيرة بالطب الشعبي بني أفراد‬ ‫أهل االختصاص‪.‬‬
‫قامت والدتها بختانها في املستشفى‪ .‬وتضيف "إذا‬ ‫القبيلة‪ ،‬وتقول "متت ختانتي بال أية مسكنات وال أي‬
‫ما رفض زوجي ختان ابنتنا فلن أعترض؛ ألن السبب‬ ‫تخدير موضعي‪ ،‬وكنت أحس عندها بكل وخزة إبرة‬ ‫‪ ٪٤٠‬من النساء اخملتنات يؤيدن‬
‫و َق ّصة ِمش َرط!" وتشدد مرمي على أن ختان البنت أمر‬
‫الوحيد الذي أود من أجله ختان ابنتي هو اتباع سنة‬
‫الرسول ‪-‬عليه الصالة والسالم‪ " -‬مؤكد ًة أنها ستقوم‬ ‫البد منه بني أفراد قبيلتها؛ حيث ُينظر لغير املختنة‬ ‫هذه الظاهرة ويشددن على‬
‫بختان ابنتها في األيام األولى من والدتها وليس‬ ‫نظرة دون ّية وتكون محط املس ّبة واملذ ّمة‪ ،‬على عكس‬
‫البنت املختنة والتي تُرفع قيمتها وتُع َزّز مكانتها‬
‫تطبيقها على بناتهن في‬
‫عندما تكبر‪ .‬من جانبها‪ ،‬لم تقم أم رمي‪ ،‬أم لبنتني‬
‫وهي من النساء املختنات‪ ،‬بختان بناتها إميان ًا منها‬ ‫و ُينظر إليها بكل احترام وتقدير‪ .‬واجلدير بالذكر أن‬ ‫املستقبل‪ .‬بينما ‪ ٪٩٩‬من‬
‫مرمي من مناصري اخلتان وسوف تقوم وبال شك بختان‬
‫بأن عملية ختان البنت هي عملية ال جدوى منها‪.‬‬
‫وتتساءل أم رمي حيث تقول "على حد علمي أن خلتان‬ ‫بناتها في املستقبل‪ ،‬وتضيف "إذا لم يوافق زوجي‬ ‫الرجال في االستبيان ذاته‬
‫البنت مضار كثيرة تطغى على املنافع‪ ،‬فما الفائدة‬ ‫على ختان بناتي فسوف أصر وأحاول إقناعه بكل‬
‫السبل‪ ،‬ولن أستسلم مهما كلف األمر‪".‬‬
‫يرفضون فكرة ختان البنت‬
‫من تعريض حياة بناتنا للخطر إذا كان الدين ال‬
‫ُيوجب أو ُيلزم بذلك؟! "‬
‫رفضا ًقاطعا ً‬
‫وتذكر مرمي قصة إحدى صديقاتها‪ ،‬وهي علياء‬
‫وتخالف فاطمة املرزوقي‪ ٢٥ ،‬عام ًا‪ ،‬موظفة في‬ ‫سعيد‪ ٢٢ ،‬عام ًا‪ ،‬فقد متت ختانتها في مرحلة‬
‫متأخرة ً‬
‫جدا ُرغم ًا عنها؛ حيث تَقدّ م خلطبتها شاب‬ ‫يرجع أصل ختان البنات إلى سنة ‪ ١٠٠‬قبل امليالد‬
‫إحدى الدوائر احلكومية في أبوظبي‪ ،‬مبدأ ختان البنت‬
‫ً‬
‫ملتزم وعلى ُخ ٍلق حسن‪ ،‬وطلب ختانها شرطا للزواج‬ ‫في مصر‪ ،‬حيث أنشأ الفراعنة مفهوم اخلتان الفرعوني‬
‫وتعسف في حق‬
‫وال تؤيده البتة؛ ملا فيه من ظلم ّ‬
‫املرأة‪ .‬وتن ّوه فاطمة إلى أن "معظم من يقومون بختان‬ ‫منها‪" .‬لقد قمت بالبحث والسؤال عن موضوع ختان‬ ‫والذي تقوم فيه اخلاتنة باستئصال وإزالة املنطقة‬
‫البنت واكتشفت أنه إذا متت عملية اخلتان بالطريقة‬ ‫بأكملها‪ ،‬وال يترك في املختنة سوى فتحة صغيرة ً‬
‫جدا‬
‫بناتهم هم أناس قبل ّيني متمسكني بعادات وتقاليد‬
‫ت للدين وال للطب بأية صلة‪ ،‬وهذا إن ّمن‬
‫بالية ال مت ّ‬ ‫الصحيحة الشرعية فال حرج وال خطر في األمر‪،‬‬ ‫ملرور البول واحليض‪ .‬وال يخفى على الكثيرين أن هذا‬
‫‪71‬‬

‫ختان البنات‪ ،‬في دولة اإلمارات العربية املتحدة‪ ،‬من املالم؟ (تصميم وفاء املرزوقي‪/‬كلية دبي للطالبات(‬

‫عادات وتقاليد قد تؤدي إلى املوت!‬


‫وفاء املرزوقي‬
72 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
The previous issue showed we I took 420 issues to the 2010 HCT’s annual conference- and we ran out!
are interested in expressing our H.E. Shaikh Nahayan stopped at the DWC booth and discussed the magazine
opinions about different issues with his group. Students from the other HCT colleges were asking for DD in
happening in our society so we the way people were collecting chocolates from the other booths!
can spread awareness among Well done to all involved.
members of the local community. Fraser MacDonald -Audio Visual Technician-DWC
The new issue of Desert Dawn
(DD) continues to evolve and
deliver exceptional standards What an excellent issue! Both the content and the design, particularly
of challenging stories. its cover story. It is this kind of debating level I wish to see among all
HCT students all over the country. This issue undoubtedly reflects the
We would like to thank the DD advanced ability and courage of DWC students to intelligently and openly
team in general and the Applied debate challenging, meaningful and complicated issues. Well done and
Communications Department I look forward to reading more challenging stories in future issues.
in particular for encouraging Mustapha Karkouti-Head Coporate Affairs-HCT
us to express our opinions freely.

Your feedback is very important I got my hands on a copy of DD in the student services area and decided
to us, so if you have any comment to skim through it, and before I realized I was actually reading through
please feel free to contact us: most of the articles word by word. It was definitely the most bold and
daring journal I’ve read about the society and the national community.
Email: desert.dawn@hct.ac.ae I couldn’t have expected anybody else to publish such detailed articles
on such subjects, but our own Emarati nationals. Take a bow DD team.
Telephone: +97142089530 Bader Jafar Ali-Student-DMC

This is certainly the most interesting issue of DD ever published. Many


Please note that the DD team will thanks to the team for the ground-breaking articles which broach significant
not make any effort to respond to topics that were formerly taboo. I think the issue will generate a lot of
comments made by anonymous interest in classrooms around the college—and probably on local talk radio
individuals. DD encourages as well. Well done, team, and ma’brouk on the excellent issue.
professional and transparent Steve Terney -English Faculty-DWC
communication with all members
of society.
I would like to congratulate the DD team on the new edition. The topics
Enjoy the new issue... will help in raising awareness among members of the local community
about important issues.
Mayada Essa-Marketing & Community Outreach Supervisor-DWC

Hessa Al Hamadi
Reem Ahli Wonderful job! Nice to see such a wide range of topics covered.
Having the Emirati community perspective enhances this issue.
DD Editors Robin Bishop -Library Supervisor-DWC

Just read your magazine and I must say I am truly impressed and
proud for the fact that FINALLY a magazine catered to Emiratis, although
I myself am not local but originally from Kenya and born and raised in
Abu Dhabi. I have always been curious about the issues that Emiratis face
especially when it comes to sexual identity, rape and women’s rights.
I look forward to more of your articles, and will be more than happy to
contribute in any way I can.
Faiza Hamisi - Administrative Assistant - New York University Abu Dhabi
The 2011 Emirates Airline Festival of Literature. 8th – 12th March at The Cultural And Scientific Association
at Al Mamzar and the InterContinental Hotel, Dubai Festival City. Buy tickets at www.emirateslitfest.com and all Magrudy's shops.
Dubai Women’s College P.O. Box 16062, Dubai, United Arab Emirates TEL: 04 267 2929, www.dwc.hct.ac.ae