DesertDawn

The Magazine of Dubai Women’s College

‫فجر الصحراء‬

Fatal traditions:
female circumcision in the UAE
Bedoon No identity, no nation The ugly TruTh aBouT your degree Is your university accredited?

HH Sheikh Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Noor Islamic Bank

THANK YOU
from Dubai Women’s College for your generous donations

Red Crescent

Al Maktoum Foundation

To contribute to DWC students’ education and future, please contact Bassima Al Alyah at: Telephone: 04-2089238 Email: bassima.alalyah@hct.ac.ae

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Contents

06 18 26 40 42 48 50 61 63

Women: Fatal traditions: female circumcision in the uae The husband with the magic wand Me, my mother and trust Dear women drivers... Education: The ugly truth about your degree UAE parents prefer private schools Raising stars Society: Bedoon: no identity, no nation Children in heels I smoked! Shhhh... don’t tell! Driving with attitude Gone with the debts Art: The revolution of cavewomen

Personality: Learning is life

Business: The bright side of the economic crisis

Environment: Recycling is fun

!‫مشاركة أم مسؤولية؟‬ !‫مناهج دراسية بني اجلمود واتكالية؟‬ ‫البدون : بدون هو ّية .. بدون وطن‬ !‫عادات وتقاليد قد تؤدي إلى املوت‬

The opinions presented in this issue do not necessarily represent the views of Desert Dawn, the Applied Communications Department, DWC or its officials. Desert Dawn welcomes submissions from all students, however, not all submissions may be printed and they may be edited for space, style and content. Desert Dawn is produced by DWC’s Applied Communications Department and printed by Excel Printing Press..

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©

From the Director
audience anticipation would be high for this issue but that the momentum might not be easy to sustain. Probably the teachers and I felt the same way. Importantly, the students were excited by the challenge and committed to trying to generate debate about important issues that are frequently avoided. As every educator knows, it is not just the end result but also the learning process that is important at the individual level, including the personal awareness breakthrough that may be relatively minor in the eyes of others. These minor awareness breakthroughs are exciting to watch because they often evolve into the next big issue. It is safe to say that some, if not most, of the articles in this issue started as an individual seeing something that they had not noticed before and through discussion and research the observation evolved into an article.

Publisher Dr. Howard Reed editors & designers Hessa Al Hamadi Reem Ahli Writers Ahlam Al Bannai Amina Shahwari Aisha Bin Obood Asma Al Zaabi Ayesha Al Madani Eman Al Owais Fatema Al Kamali Fatima Al Matrooshi Hamda Al Bastaki Hamda Hassan Hessa Al Hamadi Hessa Falaknaz Jumana Ghanem Khulood Al Jasimi Maryam Al Falasi Maryam Al Mulla Mirah Al Falasi Muna Abdelkarim Nuha Hassan Reem Ahli Shaikha Al Ayali Shamma Al Mansouri Shamsa Ahmad Shatha Al Ameri Wafa Al Marzouqi Cover by Hessa Al Hamadi Reem Ahli advisors Dr. Hanan Hairab Chair-Applied Communications Margo Tummel Graphic Design Rajaa Abu-Jabr Journalism Text editors: Alison Harding Bindu Fernando Dr. Hanan Hairab Laura McNabb dubai Women’s College Tel. +9714 2672 929 PO Box 16062, Dubai www.dwc.hct.ac.ae For feedback regarding Desert Dawn, please contact Dr. Hanan Hairab on +9714 2089530 or email: desert.dawn@hct.ac.ae designed and written by dWC year 4 applied Communications students

Dr. Howard Reed, DWC Director. Ayesha Bin Zayed/DWC

The previous issue of Desert Dawn seemed to catch some of our readers by surprise. They did not think that our students would write about sex education, boyats, divorce, perhaps even a disgusting but accepted social habit like smoking. Some readers were definitely surprised that the College supported the stdents and published the socially relevant, but slightly controversial articles. Despite the surprise, the overwhelming response to the issue was very positive and supportive, definitely abolishing any doubts that the Team might have had regarding the reaction of the audience to sensitive topics and encouraging the next Team to keep writing about topics that are frequently avoided. As the students prepared for this issue, they were aware that the

DD provides the learning platform or the laboratory for that evolution to happen for the Team. It also provides the opportunity for a similar process to happen for our readers, both in print and online. The DD Team and I are excited by this process; we hope you are too and look forward to your feedback regarding this issue. Dr. Howard E. Reed Publisher

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WOMEN

Female circumcision in the UAE. Who’s to blame? Wafa Al Marzouqi/DWC

Fatal traditions: female circumcision in the UAE
WaFa al MarZouQI

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“I was eight years old when my mother took me and my sisters to the hospital. I was really terrified because I didn’t know what was going on. I entered a white room and was told by the nurse to lay on the bed. A few minutes later, I felt severe pain and then everything ended,” narrates 21 year old Asma Obaid, about the day her mother took Asma and her five sisters for ‘a quick trip.’ Female circumcision is considered a sensitive topic in UAE society as people still argue about whether it is recommended Islamically or simply practiced because of tribal traditions. A signifanct number of UAE Nationals follow the footsteps of their parents and grandparents without questioning the practice of female circumcision. If Islam encourages female circumcision, why do experts consider the practice medically and psychologically harmful to females? Is there any religious text people should refer to? What is the medical point of view? Are there benefits to this practice? Many questions regarding female circumcision need answers. ers. Although it has been banned in UAE government hospitals, it is still performed secretly in the country. The common type of circumcision in the UAE is the one in which a small portion of the female genitalia is removed. knowledge in the tribe. “I was feeling every needle prick as I was circumcised without any pain killers.” Mariam stresses that female circumcision is a must in her tribe; those who are circumcised will be respected and appreciated unlike those who are not and who will be held inferior and looked down on. “Of course I will circumcise my daughters and if my husband doesn’t like the idea, I will do whatever it takes to persuade him.” Mariam tells the story of her friend, 22 years old Alia Saeed, who was circumcised against her will when a man proposed to her and requested the circumcision as a condition to marry her. “I researched the topic and I discovered that if it was done in the correct way, it is alright.” So she agreed and married him.

Opinions on female circumcision vary because of cultural sensitivity and the different levels of education among members of the community. In a Desert Dawn survey of 200 Emiratis from both sexes on the subject of female circumcision, 34% of female respondents were circumcised because of customs and traditions. A significant 40% of circumcised female participants were in favor of female circumcision and will circumcise their daughters in the future. 82% of all women respondents opposed the practice while 99% of male participants also opposed female circumcision.

Female circumcision originated in Egypt in 100 BC, where the concept of the Pharaoh’s circumcision was established. It is based on the mutilation of the sensitive female genital area, which leaves only a very small aperture for the passage of urine and menstruation. This type of female circumcision is still popular in some Arab countries such as Egypt and Sudan. In the Gulf countries, and specifically in the UAE, female circumcision is to some still a tribal tradition and a religious tradition to oth-

Mariam Humaid, a 21 year old university student, was seven years old when she was taken to her grandmother’s house who was known for her medical

IF ISlAM EnCOURAGES FEMAlE CIRCUMCISIOn, WHy DO ExPERTS COnSIDER THE PRACTICE MEDICAlly AnD PSyCHOlOGICAlly HARMFUl TO FEMAlES?

Sara Ali, a 23 year old university student, was circumcised at the age of nine with her six sisters at a government hospital. One of her sisters was not circumcised after the authorities banned the practice. “My father didn’t like the idea of female circumcision, but the pressure from my grandmother and aunts was greater than his wish.”Sara believes female circumcision violates women’s rights. Although the youngest in her family, 22 years old bank employee Fatma Essa is the only circumcised girl in her family. Her mother took her along with the mother’s friend and daughter to get both daughters circumcised. Fatma thinks her mother was influenced by her friend. “I don’t know the reasons behind the circumcision and I don’t know whether I am for or against it, but I’m sure that my

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mother won’t do anything that will cause me harm.” She explains that every mother wants the best for her daughter and so if the circumcision is harmful, her mother would not do it. from gaining the knowledge about such procedures, especially if it was carried out by unqualified doctors or individuals.” and sticking to real Islamic practices will guide the girls to proper behavior. Circumcising them won’t make them better behaved.”

Mona Ahmed, a 22 year old student and mother of two boys, said she will circumcise her daughter if she has a baby girl. She will do as her mother did to her when she was only two days old. “In case my husband refused to circumcize our daughter, I won’t object to him because my only objective for circumcizing her is to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH).” She stressed, however, if she circumcises her daughter, it will be in her early days and not when she grows up. On the other hand, Um Reem, a circumcised mother of two girls, did not circumcise her daughters because she believes it has no benefits. “When I know that the damage caused by girls’ circumcision is much bigger than its benefits, what’s the point of endangering the lives of our daughters?”

Fatma Al Marzouqi, a 25 year old employee in Abu-Dhabi, opposes female circumcision for its violation of women’s rights. “Most people who circumcise their daughters are people who cling to their tribal traditions and customs which have nothing to do with religion or medicine.” Agreeing with Fatma, 22 years old student Maitha Mohammed, encourages the authorities to take action on female circumcision. “The authorities must play a better advocacy role. We are suffering today from the lack of resources and information regarding the circumcision of girls which prevents individuals

As shown in the results of the survey, the majority of UAE men agree there is no point of female circumcision, rejecting the idea because of its many disadvantages especially if it is performed improperly. Mohammed Ahmed, a 28 year old bank employee, opposes female circumcision because it leads to endless physical and psychological problems. “Many who circumcise their daughters have misunderstood Islam and most of them perform it due to cultural reasons which do not have anything to do with religion.” Majed Ahmed, a 19 year old university student, agrees with Mohammed. “The real reasons behind female circumcision are the traditions and customs without referring to the advice of experts.” He believes the practice of circumcision is unjust to females. “Many people are afraid their daughters will misbehave, so they circumcise them. Good manners

WHIlE CIRCUMCISIOn IS PERFORMED On MEn AnD WOMEn, THERE IS nO EvIDEnCE FROM THE QURAn OR SUnnAH REQUIRInG FEMAlE CIRCUMCISIOn.

With reference to the origin of female circumcision in Islam, Dr. Ahmed Al Haddad, Grand Mufti of the UAE and Director of Ifta Department, notes that historically Arabs always knew about female circumcision, but only medicine women performed the procedure. He quotes Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) saying to a woman whom he saw circumcising a girl: “cut off only the foreskin (outer fold of skin over the clitoris; the prepuce) but don’t cut deeply (i.e. the clitoris itself ), for this is brighter for the face (of the girl) and more favorable with the husband.” While circumcision is performed on men and women, there is no evidence from the Quran or Sunnah requiring female circumcision. The four Sunni schools of jurisprudece in Islam have slightly different interpretations. Some of them see it as obligatory like Al Shaafi’i school: “Circumcision is obligatory for both men and women, but on a very small scale for women.” Some of them believe it is desirable like Hanbali and Hanafi, while Malki thinks it is an honor for the girl.

Dr. Ahmed Al Qubaisi, former President, Department of Islamic Studies at the University of Baghdad, and recently at the UAE University, agrees with Dr. Ahmed Al Haddad that circumcision is a personal choice, not religious. To him, many Muslims do it without any clear evidence from the Quran or Sunnah. He stresses on the significance of the statement released by

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the United Nations two years ago which totally prohibits female circumcision due to the harm it causes. “Even if the simplest female circumcision is beneficial to men, we should not forget that it may harm the girl physically and psychologically and in Islam we are not allowed to favor one party over the other.” because of hygenic reasons. “Female circumcision is not performed due to hygenic reasons and there is no harm if she is not circumcised.” He also emphasizes the harm caused by Pharonic circumcision and asks to punish those who perform it because it harms the woman and damages her relationship with her husband. Medically speaking and according to one doctor (she asked not to be identified), male circumcision is a must because it prevents serious infections which could cause dangerous diseases such as cancer. She argues, however, that female circumcision is medically unacceptable as there is no benefit to it other than reducing the female’s sexual desires. “The circumciser removes a part of the female’s genitalia which leads to reducing the female’s libido.” She also explains that in Pharonic circumcision, the circumciser performs clitoridectomy (removing all or part of the labia minora, the labia majora) “leaving the circumcised totally incapable of feeling/ enjoying intercourse and turning her into a woman whose job is to deliver babies!”

Dr. yusuf Al-Qaradawi, an esteemed Islamic scholar, noted in his study on women’s issues in Islam, as posted on his website (www. qaradawi.net), that people, including doctors and scholars, support female circumcision to prevent females from committing sins. “Many Muslim countries do not circumcise their women and we do not notice increased levels of females’ sinful acts there!” Dr. Al Haddad argues if female circumcision is to be performed, it should be done at birth and not later which is forbidden in Islam. “It will harm the girl and reveal her private area.” Men, however, can be circumcised at any age

Pharonic circumcision can be deadly as it may cause bleeding and infections during intercourse or while giving birth. Many females who experienced Pharonic circumcision have ended up in surgery rooms or, in some cases, dead.

The role of the Government in putting an end to this fatal tradition is being questioned and a clarification is needed on the legality of female circumcision in the country as it is currently ambiguous. If it Number government hospitals, is banned inof circumcized women why is it still being performed in other health facilities? It comes as no surprise that many health officials refused to cooperate in providing information on the topic. Many refused to talk about female circumcision, preferring to keep the silence. But how effective is that?
66% 34% Circumcized Uncircumcized

Women’s opinions on circumcision

Number of circumcized women

Opinions of circumcized women on circumcision

18%

82%

66%

34%

60%

40%

With Against

Circumcized Uncircumcized

With Against

Opinions of circumcized women on circumcision

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The husband with the magic wand
ShaMSa ahMad
Noura Abdulla, a 22 year old single student, wanted to pluck her eyebrows and reshape them for a long time. “My mother refuses each time saying that I can’t do it as I am a single lady.” Arwa Salem, who barely had any makeup on, explained that her parents do not allow her to wear makeup because they think she is still young and she needs to wait, although she is 23 years old! “My family always look at me as a child, and this really bothers me.”
Parents vs daughters. Shamsa Abdulla/DWC

Dear diary,

“Today I turned 23 and I am still waiting. you must know this very well by now, how much I want this and for how long I have been waiting. Supposedly, I am an independent adult who can make decisions on her own, but apparently I am not. My mom gave me again the same old answer: “Wait until you get married.” Well, I am sick and tired of it, I just want to cut and dye my hair, why do I need to wait for a man to do that!” This is a piece from the diary of my angry friend who is still waiting for a husband so she can cut and dye her hair. Something about it got me thinking, not just laughing hypocritically at what I read.

Many years ago, it was normal to find parents who rejected a lot of things their daughters wanted to do as families were strict in many ways and did not allow their daughters to go out, study or work. But with today’s development and openness in society, young ladies are able to go to college, work, or go out with fewer restrictions.

Sleeping over at a friend’s house is another thing that many girls wish to do. Aisha Abdulrahman, 20 years old, always wanted to sleep over at her best friend’s house, whom she has known for eight years. “My mother allows me to stay at my friend’s house very late at night till around 12 a.m. if we are working on a project but she strongly refuses a sleepover.”

Surprisingly, however, and despite the openness, many families do not allow their daughters to do simple things for bizarre reasons. Parents allow their daughters to make big decisions related to their career and life while objecting to other simple things such as cutting and dying their hair.

More stories from different young ladies demonstrate the various degrees of restriction families impose on their daughters. Some families object to very simple things such as going out with friends or more serious issues such as traveling to go to College. Ameera Khaled, a 25 year old bank officer, had big dreams. “After finishing my bachelor degree and working for two years at a bank, I decided I wanted to get my Masters Degree from the UK, so I spoke to my mother and her

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answer was very sharp and brief: “Get married and then travel with your husband wherever you want to go.” Ameera was very disappointed by her mother’s response. “I don’t know when I am going to get married and I can’t plan my future career based on the husband who might or might not come.”

Practicing a hobby is an important thing to many young ladies. Khawla Saeed, a 24 year old accountant, had different dreams when she was a child. “I dreamt of becoming a horse rider, and I practiced horse riding until I was 13.” At that time, her mom rejected horse riding claiming it was dangerous and informing Khawla she could only go back to it if she got married. Khawla did not understand her mother’s rejection and why she was doing that. Mothers’ restrictions leave young women confused. It makes young women think they are not complete and will always need a man in their lives to make the decisions on their behalf. This will gradually make them lose self-confidence and the belief that they are independent women.

According to Fatima A, a mother of five daughters, it is all about gossip. “I don’t allow my daughters to go out with their friends. not because I don’t trust them, but because people like to talk and gossip in our society and they might say bad things about my daughters. If they are married,

A phrase such as “wait until you get married” raises many critical questions Why after marriage? Why not now? What is it in a husband that will make things go fine? What is in the mother’s head that makes her think this way?

people won’t talk about them and will look for somebody else to gossip about.” Gossip is something that people tend to be very careful of, especially parents as gossiping about a girl means gossiping about her reputation, which is the most important thing about a girl in the local culture. Other parents act this way with their daughters to protect them. Many families disapprove of stories

PAREnTS AllOW THEIR DAUGHTERS TO MAKE BIG DECISIOnS RElATED TO THEIR CAREER AnD lIFE WHIlE OBjECTInG TO OTHER SIMPlE THInGS SUCH AS CUTTING AND DyInG THEIR HAIR.

they hear in society about girls misbehaving. “Girls are a responsibility,” comments yosuf Abdullah, father of four daughters. “A heavy responsibility that will only go away when they get married.” This perception is very common amongst parents, although to varying degrees. They have to make sure their daughters are not doing anything that might damage their own and the family’s reputation. Other families have a different point of view. Mariam S., a 50 year old mother, does not allow her daughter to pluck her eyebrows, cut or dye her hair until she gets married because she believes the bride should look different on her wedding day. “A girl should keep her beauty for her husband.”

The practice goes back to culture and traditions. People in this region make daily decisions based on these two factors. They embrace them in their daily lives, especially parents and the elderly. While this could be really great when talking about keeping the heritage and might not be the most effetive way in helping young women build self-confidence and independent personalities.

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Me, my mother and trust
FaTeMa al KaMalI & heSSa FalaKnaZ

Mother-daughter communication. Hessa Falaknaz & Fatema Al Kamali/DWC

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Hind and her siblings were playing hide-and-seek in the backyard. This time it was her turn to hide. She rushed to the nearest room scared that someone would find her. She chose her father’s office and quickly crawled under the table. When her brothers’ voices approached the office, she squished her body to one of the corners to make sure they did not find her. This was when she caught her breath as she noticed blood. This is what Hind, a 28 year old Emirati woman, had to say describing her experience when she got her menstrual period the first time. Hind thinks it was kind of embarrassing to talk about these issues with her mother.

Dr. layla Al Samarai, Clinical Psychologist at Dubai Health Authority, argues that the most common problems that terminate the dialogue between a mother and her daughter are the lack of education and the generation gap. Mothers always think their daughters are still too young to understand.

body changes before experiencing them. “When my breasts were developing, I always used to wrap a piece of cloth around them so it wouldn’t show. It looked awful,” says K.A. a 16 year old girl.

Some mothers do not know how important it is for their daughters to be educated about puberty before experiencing the signs. Many girls are shocked when they first get their period because no one ever told them that it is only natural and healthy. Some mothers feel uncomfortable about talking to their daughters as they might think it is shameful, while others might not be aware how this could affect their daughters psychologically.

Educating girls about the fact that the period is a natural body function and not an illness helps them react to its signs more easily.

Embarrassment is another factor that keeps the mother from starting a dialogue. “Mothers nowadays should know that education about puberty is very important, because it shapes the way a female thinks about herself; the way she dresses, her hygiene and health,” Dr. Al Samarai explains. Some mothers wait till their daughters get their periods to start talking about puberty. Most of them are not aware of how important it is for their daughters to know about

MAny GIRlS ARE SHOCKED WHEn THEy FIRST GET THEIR PERIOD, BECAUSE nO OnE EvER TOlD THEM THAT THIS IS Only nATURAl AnD HEAlTHy.

On average, girls first get their periods when they are 12 or 13 years old (some earlier or later). Dr. Saif Ahmed Salim, Community Medicine and Educational Health Specialist at Dubai Health Authority, advises a mother should begin having conversations with her daughter when the daughter starts understanding what is happening around her, which is around 2 to 3 years old. This will make it much easier for the mother to talk to her daughter later on when it is time for more important and sensitive topics.

Abeer Al Suwaidi, a mother of two, says her eight year old daughter started questioning her when she first saw a pack of sanitary pads at home. “I explained it to her when she was a bit older. This was when I realized that puberty is an important issue and not a matter to ignore.” If daughters are not used to having conversations with their mothers, they may rely on their friends as a source of information about different things in life, which is not always the perfect solution. They might even get false information from the Internet or magazines.

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Some girls may be scared of sharing the special news with their mothers because they think what is happening to them is abnormal, Dr. Asamarai explains. On the other hand, the ones who have absolutely no idea about what the period is will be in shock when they first get it. “When I got my period, the first thought that came to my mind was that I was dying,” says Maryam Abdulla, a teenager who has experienced the situation recently. If girls have no idea about what a period is and how it happens, most probably they will not know how to use a pad properly. “I had to change my underwear more often because of Blood stains. I wasn’t sure if my mom should know about it,” says Alia, a bank employee. hood is gone, she can know that it’s the birth of her womanhood, which is a nice thing,” Dr. Al Samarai adds. Another positive fact to say is that every time a girl gets her period her body is cleansed. Dr. Prager, who hosts “Ask Dr. Iris” forums and manages the content on several websites, including www.tampax.com, www.always.com, and www.beinggirl.com provided some of the tips for all mothers on how to talk to their daughters.

Girls are supposed to be prepared for the physical changes that will happen to their body such as developing breasts, body curves, hormones, pubic hair, and their period. The way the information is taught to girls should help them feel relieved and joyful when they experience those first drops of blood. Dr. Saif clarifies that mothers have to explain the signs of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) like mood swings, breast tenderness and sleepiness that will make her identify that the changes she is experiencing are natural. A mother has to state positive things to her daughter about menstruation. She should also know that it means her daughter’s ovaries are working properly and one day she will be a mother and have children, which is beautiful. “Instead of scaring your daughter and making her feel that her child-

Difficult topics are preferably discussed in a place where there is not much eye contact. “I talk to my mom about my secrets in the car, especially at night,” says 16 year old Fatima M. Friendly conversations are always a good start no matter how hard the subject is. Privacy is an important factor when it comes to such sensitive topics. “A mother might want to choose a place where her daughter will be comfortable, which depends on the personality of the girl. Some would like to go to a restaurant, while others would prefer staying at home,” Dr. Saif explains.

He recommends the following:

• Talk openly with your daughter, face to face, and more than once to make sure your daughter understands what you are saying. • If your own mother never talked to you about your period or puberty, you will feel awkward which is normal. • let your daughter know that every girl goes through the physical changes in different ages.

lack of education, age difference and embarrassment are probably the main reasons behind the barrier between a mother and her daughter. A mother is her daughter’s role model, friend and teacher. A healthy motherdaughter relationship means that every daughter must know that her mother is the one whom she can approach whenever she needs help with such issues.

• If you are not sure about any of the information you have about puberty, there are several books or websites you can refer to. • Be a good listener to her all the time. • Share your own personal experiences, so she feels relaxed.

unrestrained passengers can seriously injure themselves and others

DON’T RISK IT!

PROTECT YOUR CHILD WEAR A SEAT BELT

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Dear women drivers…
ahlaM al BannaI
A BMW is parked on the side of the road on a very hot summer day with an open bonnet. If you come closer you will see 19 year old Fatima wearing her abaya and holding a towel and bottle of water to refill her car coolant. my smart display screen, but I thought it was related to my key battery. I went to a shopping mall and when I came back I tried to open my car but it failed. I thought it was an engine breakdown and I panicked because I love my two year old car,” said 20 year old student Hanan Mahmood. “ A group of guys came to help me and they told me it was a battery problem. They charged my car and asked me to go to the nearest repair shop to replace the battery without switching off the car.” This experience was a wake up call to Hanan to learn more about the warning icons. From the expert According to auto repair experts, the most common auto problems among women are related to the brakes or oil. “Some women buy a used car in a good condition, but with old brakes, which is dangerous and can destroy the whole car. They come after the breakdown when it’s too late to fix,” said Khalid Ibrahim, a garage owner in Sharjah. “Most of the women come to our garage to change the battery, but actually they come when the battery dies although they would have seen the sign before. Some of them ignore the signs and some delay taking their cars to the garage because of laziness,” Ibrahim adds. Most women with auto repair problems are victims of fake pieces and are usually cheated by selfish sellers. Ibrahim advises women drivers of paying extra attention to the age of the tires as a significant safety precaution as they could be older than what they look. Fatima learned how to refill her car coolant when she first saw a sign on her car display. She called her father and asked about the danger of this sign; he showed her how to temporarily fix it and took the car to the nearest repair shop. She usually faces this problem with her car and she is used to fixing it alone. “Everyone was staring at me, some of them were surprised and others offered help, but I was able to fix it alone,” Fatima comments. Ibrahim believes women drivers take good care of their cars only from the outside, but they lack proper knowledge about important auto related issues such as the engine and the brakes.

Maryam Ali had a similar experience to Fatima’s. “I learnt the basic warning icons from my brothers as I was curious to know everything related to cars even before I started driving. While at college, I drove a basic car. After graduation, I worked and then bought a fancy car so everything changed from thekey to the start/stop button and from the flashy yellow warning icons to the smart display that talks to me and shows me everything.” Unlike these brave females, there are some girls who do not have enough knowledge about these signs. “I saw the battery icon on

Some women, however, do it all by themselves. Ibrahim has a female customer who fixes her car on her own without any help from men, but she refers to the garage in specific cases when she can not use the equipment at her home.

Here is a list of the most common signs one would see indicating a problem in the vehicle:

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The sign means the system detected an error in the engine. There are many different reasons for this icon. Do not panic in case you see this sign, but drive safely to the nearest auto repair shop.

you will regularly see this sign. It means that the oil is low. visit the repair shop because this can destroy the engine.

If you see this low tire pressure icon, stop by the nearest petrol station or the nearest repair shop to fill the tire. Please check the suitable average pressure for your car tire.

This is the sign that you should never ignore. Stop driving immediately and switch off the engine for a few minutes then turn it on to check the coolant or the radiator. Be careful while opening the bonnet and radiator cap as it might be too hot!

This is related to the battery. Do not stop the car immediately, because it might not start again. The sign may pop up because the battery is dead. Go directly to the closest repair shop to change the battery or to recharge it. If your car stops on the way, try to charge it from another car (get help) and drive directly to the nearest repair shop without turning the engine off.

The above sign means you should release the parking brake, or you have a serious problem with your brake system. Try to release the parking brake. If the sign does not disappear, please visit the repair shop.

* icons designed by Aisha Bin Obood

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EDUCATION

Confusion is evident between the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Resaerch and universities. Mariam Al Falasi/DWC

The ugly truth about your degree
JuMana ghaneM & MarIaM al FalaSI
Scrolling through the admission pages, checking the requirements, essay papers scattered all over the desk…Ibrahim is trying to fulfill the criteria essential for applying to universities inWashington D.C “I wanted to pursue my Masters in the UAE; unfortunately, none of the universities accepted my Bachelor degree which I received from the UK’s leeds Metropolitan University,” said Ibrahim, an executive director at a leading companies in Dubai. Ibrahim graduated in 2002 from the Polytechnic University, now known as Dubai University. During that period, its programs were obtained from universities in the UK and were under evaluation. At the time Ibrahim graduated from the college, none of the degrees were accredited by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MOHESR). According to MOHESR, the UAE has 69 licensed institutions with 479 accredited programs in total. The figure excludes the number of operational non-licensed universities. Ibrahim is one of many students who are clueless about the importance of having

an accredited certificate. “I did not realize that accreditation would be a crucial matter for my degree as no one pointed that out to us at school. I just assumed that since the university was registering students, it meant that its programs were accredited,” Ibrahim noted.

If the UAE has become a hub, attracting famous and well-known universities, why is Ibrahim unable to apply for postgraduate programs in his own country?

Having an accredited certification by MOHESR means the program or degree has met the quality criteria of the required academic standards. Details about accredited institutions and the accreditation process are available for the public on the Commission for Academic Accreditation website (www.caa.ae). Ms. Fatma Al Mohannadi, Director

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of Government Communication Department at the MOHESR, emphasizes that MOHESR is trying to raise more awareness among students about the issue. “MOHESR regularly publishes the list of licensed institutions and accredited programs in the UAE in the newspapers and also organizes lectures for students at high schools,” she says. the university graduates the first batch, which did not happen and ultimately the university was shut down. Sara had to accept a job which rejected her Bachelor certificate since it was not acredited and she was hired based on her high school qualifications only, until she rejoined a certified university for another four years. When confronted by the rule of MOHESR prohibiting the enrollment of students while the institution is under evaluation, the person simply answered that this rule is not taken seriously by the university’s administration and it is up to them to make the choice to enroll students. The source added the university did everything it could to help its students get the accreditation by flying over their delegations of professors and the director of the university to the UAE to discuss the matter with the Ministry. This university is no longer operating.

There is a number of unaccredited universities, which are operational in the country such as Dubai Middlesex, Manchester Business School and French Fashion University Esmod. Though the Ministry rules clearly state that no institution is allowed to admit students into its programs or promote such programs if they are still going through the assessment stage, it does not impose strict penalties on those which do not cooperate. Ms. Al Mohannadi says the program will not be accredited if the institutions enrolled students while under evaluation and students will be accountable for their own decisions to join such institutions. Nevertheless students still fall into the claims and the blank promises of some universities, which advertise that the programs will be certified after students complete the courses. This is what happened with Sara Ghanem, who attended Al-Quds University in 1997, a well-known institution from jordan. “I saw the advertisement about this university in the newspaper, found out more information about it, and I got excited to take a major that I always wanted, Sociology and History,” she says. Sara and Fatima Ibrahim, another student from the same university, recall that the university assured them accreditation would only come from the Ministry after

Ms. Al Mohannadi refutes the allegations of institutions which imply that they have to be operational and enroll students into their programs in order to get accreditation “Not true, programs in licensed institutions must be accredited prior to students’ enrollments,” she confirmed.

“...PROGRAMS IN lICEnSED InSTITUTIOnS MUST BE ACCREDITED PRIOR TO STUDEnTS’ EnROllMEnTS.”

When several universities were approached by Desert Dawn journalists for comments on the issue, none of them agreed to comment unless they could remain anonymous. An anonymous source revealed that its university applied for the accreditation while signing up the students for the undergraduate programs. The source also mentionedthat MOHESR asked the university to provide its curricula in English whereas this university taught all its subjects in Arabic; they could not meet this requirement, therefore, the programs were denied accreditation.

Another certificate, which is not accredited by MOHESR is distance education by institutions outside the country. Aliyah Ahmed, a young, successful lawyer, took the path of the non-traditional education “I studied with the london School of law, one of the best universities out there for law. I completed the full program and went to the UK to have my exams,” she says. Thankfully, Aliyah found good interest from different law companies in the UAE regardless of her certificate’s lack of accreditation. yet Aliyah is still facing one hurdle; she dreams of establishing her own law firm which she cannot achieve because her degree is not certified by the Ministry. Rules are overlooked and a state of confusion is evident between the Ministry and universities. In the middle of the system, the rights of the students are lost. “We need more transparency from the education authority and more attention,” says Ibrahim as he finally clicks on the submission button with hopes to get an acceptance confirmation in the near future.

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KG students during class time with their South African teacher. Maryam Al Mulla/DWC

UAE parents prefer private schools
MarIaM al Mulla
“Oh, it is time to choose a school for my son. I cannot decide which is better; public or private! I am very stressed out,” says Mohammed Ali, father of a 5 year old boy. Mohammed is confused. “Frankly, I cannot decide unless I investigate and check with my relatives and friends on the best school for my son.” Choosing the right school for children’s education is a difficult task for UAE national parents. It is important that parents investigate different schools before making this decision, checking out things like the environment, curriculum, extracurricular activities and most importantly the quality of the teachers. Parents spend a good amount of time searching the best for their children. “Fifty three percent of local students are attending private schools. It is an obvious move to private education and it has been gradually increasing over the last 10 years. Reasons vary and we don’t have any evidence to support that as well,” states Dr. Abdulla Al Karam, Chairman of the Board of Directors, Director General of Dubai’s Knowledge and Human Development Authority (KHDA).

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But why do local parents prefer private schools? “Actually, parents send their children to private schools for two reasons: one is the proper English education they offer and second is the interactive activities which help the children remember what they learn,” says Ms. Kalthoom Al Balooshi, Head of Customer Services at KHDA. son’s progress in English is weak. As English is the second official language in the UAE, Ali believes it is important to solve this problem. The local market demands good English communications skills. is happy about the diversity and agrees that “the private school’s environment helps my daughter shape her personality and bridges the gaps among cultures. This will definitely help her in the future when she works with different people from different nationalities and cultures.” Hassan Ali agrees that the international mix private schools provide is irreplaceable. “My daughter is now more sociable and she communicates well with different people without feeling shy or hesitant. The mixed culture changed her a lot by exposing her to new cultures and life styles.” He argues that public schools “ offer poor teaching methods and definitely don’t pay good attention to the English language, which disappoints me a lot.”

The biggest question parents have is: which is better, private or public schools? “We can’t say private schools are better than public schools. Based on the inspection KHDA conducts every year, both have advantages and disadvantages. However, public schools are progressing,” Al Balooshi believes. Parents need to take the initiative and find the best schools for their children. “Parents should share the responsibility of making the right decision and not depending on the government to help. Choosing the best is a responsibility of the parents. They need to investigate for the best school and refer to the inspection report available on the KHDA official website,” she adds. Ali Mohammed, parent of a 4 year old girl, sends his daughter to a public school because education is free. He is aware of the shortcomings. “Studying in public school is not beneficial and the fundamental course in English is very poor.”

Behavior and discipline is another differentiating factor for parents. local parents worry about their children’s discipline and how they will behave once they graduate from private schools. “My daughter used to be in a private school from KG1 to Grade 6. Then I transferred her to a public school because I knew that she had the basics from the private school,” says Asma Mohammed. “I transferred her because I was worried about her behavior as she is influenced by others easily.” On the other hand, Amna Al Mutawa, mother of a 5 year old girl, selected a private school because teachers’ qualifications were excellent. “My daughter is progressing very well and that goes to the qualified teachers the school has employed and the time and effort they spend on each child during the learning process.” A mix of cultures and a variety of nationalities might affect the children’s personalities. Amna

“FIFTy THREE PERCEnT OF lOCAl STUDEnTS ARE ATTENDING PRIvATE SCHOOlS. IT IS An OBvIOUS MOvE TO PRIvATE EDUCATIOn.”

Other parents commend the private school system for teaching their children independence and confidence. “The private school adds value to my children’s personalities by making them more independent and confident which will definitely help them in real life later,” says Abeer Mohammed, a mother of two children.

However, Hassan Ali, father of a 17 year old, has a different opinion on the quality of education at public school. “My son has attended public schools since KG stage. I never faced any problem with his education and I chose his school because of its good reputation.” Ali admits, however, that his

Abeer believes teachers at public schools force children to memorize the academic content while teachers at private schools make real efforts stressing on research and teamwork to help students understand the subjects better.

Noora Ahmed, mother of two private school children, recommends the private school system as it contributed positively to developing her children’s personalities. “The school makes a dramatic change to their way of thinking. My children are practicing basic lifestyle

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my proudest achievements,” Dr. Reed says proudly. “I would like to advise local parents to spend more time investigating the quality of education before making the final decision.”

behavior like sharing, talking about events and issues independently, and their eating habits are becoming better as I observe them at home.”

Group of students are working on coloring pictures as required. Maryam Al Mulla/DWC

Dr. Howard Reed, Senior Director at the Higher Colleges of Technology and Director of Dubai Women’s College, believes many parents’ decisions about school choices are based on other peoples’ choices, especially those who belong to the same social circle. “The UAE society is very much oriented towards keeping up with each other. For example, if Mohammed sends his kids to a private school, yousef has got to send his kids to a private school too. Private

schools are good and bad, certainly most of our students who came from private schools are good at English, however, they are weak in other areas,” Dr. Reed says. On the other hand “not all students coming from public schools are good either; some of them are weak in study habits and their time management skills are terrible,” he continues. He is, however, disappointed with public schools. “Public schools focus on memorizing rather than training students to work on projects to learn more from them. Encouraging students to work on real projects, work in teams, travel all over the world and work with real companies are

Hanan Al Muhairi, a DWC graduate, believes English language is one of the biggest disadvantages of public schools. “I was sent to a public school and it wasn’t a bad experience for me. However, I noticed my English would not progress any further if I only depended on school so I had to take some English courses in a specialized center in order to improve my language before I joined the College. For other areas and skills, I think school prepared me well for College. It is always the individuals’ responsibility to look for their weaknesses and work on developing them so they become strong areas instead.”

...MAny PAREnTS’ DECISIOnS ABOUT SCHOOl CHOICES ARE BASED On OTHER PEOPlES’ CHOICES, ESPECIAlly THOSE WHO BElOnG TO THE SAME SOCIAl CIRClE...

Choosing and selecting the school that is the best for children in the UAE remains, however, a hard and challenging task for local parents.

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Rising stars
eMan al oWaIS
A person’s ability to be the best is determined by his/her willingness to be the best. Desert Dawn asked some of the top schools in Dubai to nominate their best senior high school students to talk about their achievements, dreams and ambitions. They all seem to have a clear destination and know their goals. join us now to learn what they intend to achieve and what their goals are. 1. Alia Majid Al Mutawaa School: Sukaina bint Al Hussain High School Age: 17 Academic Average: 99.3%

I am ambitious and with ambition one will always be able to do many things at school, college, and life in general. I encourage myself to study, work and get good marks so I can study what I really want in the future which is architecture. I love my school because of my teachers; they always encourage us to study and participate more in different competitions and events. They care about our talents, which gives us confidence in our work. 2. Fawzyah Mohammed Al Khayatt School: Al Salam High School Age: 19 Academic Average: 98.7%

Fawzyah is a Dubai Cares volunteer, Takatof group member, and participant in many competitions and events such as Sheikh Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Award for Distinguished Academic Performance which she won. “The main factor which helped me to achieve my goals is time management. It also helped me to build good leadership skills and get good grades at school. I am an honest person who does not like lying or faking things.” 3. Aisha Mohammed Al Rumaithy School: Al Ettihad Private School Age: 15 Academic Average: 98.4%

“I love colors and mixing things together in décor and accessories. My ambition is to get to the top and I always try to be the best. I am interested in chemical engineering as I always loved chemistry. It is something new since most of people study business, IT, and media. I won awards like Sheikh Hamdan Award and Sheikh Sultan Award for student excellence.”

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4. Khadeeja Mohammed Al Jasemi School: Al Sofouh High School Age: 17 Academic Average: 97.6%

“I love planning projects. To begin any project, I don’t take any step without studying and planning for it. I love to read books that teach me goals in personal development and English novels. I would really like to study genetic engineering abroad, but I will never give up my hobbies which are photography and design. I love relaxing and staying calm in my free time which I find sitting on the beach.” 5. Razan Ahmed Al Marzouqi School: Al Mizhar Private School for Girls Age: 16 Academic Average: 97.5%

I like photography, playing the guitar, hanging out with my friends and shopping. My school gave me the chance to be a leader through the Student Council. I became the president of the Council this year. I am interested in history, politics and international studies and I would really like to study media in the US. I am also interested in media production, producing new movies, and broadcasting. I want to be a successful person and achieve something important in my life. I want everything that I study to give me an advantage in my life so I can do anything I want.

During my trip to Tanzania last year with my school, I saw the situation there and how children live. I would really like to give a helping hand to those in need as Mahatma Gandhi said: “Be the change you want to see in the world.” I feel I can be this change and try to make the world a better place, for some people at least.” 6. Saffyh Tariq Al Khanji School: Maria Al Gubttyh High School Age: 16 Academic Average : 96.1%

“I love to write poetry in classical Arabic, short stories, and speeches. I gave some lectures and I’ve taken some courses on how to give speeches and lectures. I love chemistry and math, but writing and giving speeches are my hobbies and they suit my personality since I am a very precise person. I strongly believe that those who love math are deep thinkers and are always well organized. As Imam Al Shafi’i said: “Whoever learned math, he achieved his wealth”. I am interested in studying three different majors and am still confused which one to go for: nuclear engineering, solar energy, or media. All three subjects are very interesting to me and I can see myself studying one of those majors.”

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7. Aisha Jamal Ahmed School: Al Waha High School Age: 17 Academic Average : 95.8%

“My dream is to study psychology abroad as I love to help others. I grew up in the house of my stepfather who was kind to me. This was in addition to my mother who gave me confidence and encouraged me to achieve my goals. I would like to learn other languages and communicate with others so I can change some of the foreigners perceptions about Arabs.” 8. Rabab Hassan Ahmed School: Al Rayah High School Age: 17 Academic Average : 95.4%

9. Nadia Tayeb Taher

School: Al Thuraya Private School Age: 19 Academic Average : 88.7%

“I would really like to study nuclear engineering as there are not enough locals who specialize in it. I don’t want to take a desk job. I love to walk and have something interesting to do as I am a hard worker. I believe that my ambitions and encouragement from my parents are the things that will drive me to be the best and will help me achieve my desires in life.”

“I lost my father and so could not concentrate at school. I failed and had to change my school. I tried to do my best to socialize again with the new students at the new school. I tried my best to be one of the top students at the school. My teachers and my school supervisor helped me a lot to improve so that my family and my father would be proud of me and I could keep my father’s desire to get more than 90% this year. I have artistic tendencies and I love to design things such as abayas. I really want to study business at DWC and work at the same time so I can get some experience and get ready to start my own business.” 10. Noura Mansoor Al Awadhi School: Al Khaleej national School Age: 17 Academic Average : 87%

“Motivation is what gets you started, habit is what keeps you going” - jim Ryun.

“When I read this quotation, I always feel it speak to me. I love to draw and sing and since I was a little girl, I used to participate in inter school concerts and competitions. I would love to study something new because I like to learn new things. The major I want to study is nutrition as we have a high percentage of diabetes and obesity in the UAE. I believe in living a healthy life and would really like to help my family, friends, and country on this issue. I am an independent person, helpful and have a strong ability to achieve and get what I want and that’s what encourages me to study and get higher marks.”

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SOCIETY

Bedoon: no identity, no nation
aMIna ShahWarI & ayeSha alMadanI
During a visit to one of the supermarkets to buy groceries for the house, a young man in his UAE traditional costume conspicuously caught my eye while placing some products on the shelves. later, I saw another local looking man busy cutting up onions in the fruit and vegetable section. I could not believe my eyes. I started to think we are about to have our youth’s view of negligible jobs finally changed. low paid jobs which in the past were undertaken by expatriates would now be occupied by our youth. I found myself approaching one of them to express my happiness, it did not last long! He interrupted me saying:“Do you see all these guys in kandooras? We are all Bedoon.”

Bedoon are people without nationalities or countries to belong to. Amina Shahwari/DWC

His answer made me think about the word ‘Bedoon’ since these men wear our traditional clothes, speak our language and have the same Islamic and Arabic culture and traditions as ours. Most importantly, they were born and have lived all their lives in the UAE and have become neighbours and friends. So what is the difference between a UAE national and a Bedoon? Why are they Bedoon? What does it mean for them to be Bedoon for many decades? Why have they not been granted the UAE citizenship? I was misled by this Bedoon’s

look, language and culture which convinced me he is a productive young Emirati man. now I wonder how many people other than myself have had a similar reaction to mine?

The word ‘Bedoon’ in Arabic means “without.” It is generally used in the Gulf region to refer to people with no official identities. In other words, Bedoon are people without nationalities and countries to belong to. They are also called non-citizens or stateless residents. Most of the UAE Bedoon were born, lived and settled in the UAE before its establishment in 1971. Several of them held the passports

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of the Emirate in which they were living before the UAE was united. During the pre-unification period, the seven Emirates used to grant specially issued passports to their citizens. The family book or the National ID did not exist back then. After the unification of the UAE, the Government issued the nationality law according to which the renewal of the old passports ceased, therefore, the passport became invalid. Accordingly, the passport holders became Bedoon. these years ended up with a dismissal from my job.” He adds, “I am, however, willing to serve my country at any time if needed.” of vehicles owned by Bedoon. Also, the Road Authority does not grant driving licenses to Bedoon and it refuses the renewal of existing licenses. According to sources in the Road Authority in Dubai, ceasing to grant driving licenses to Bedoons started two years ago. A.H says he was granted a driving license before the implementation of this law.

The Bedoon are not only deprived of the right to citizenship, but also to education, medical care, and documenting marriage and divorce certificates. Many of them struggle to obtain birth and death certificates for their family members and relatives.

Hassan Ibrahim, 44, is a Bedoon who was born in Sharjah. “My father left Iran, his original country, seeking a job in the UAE before its establishment. He lived here, worked and got married until he was granted Sharjah’s passport.” This scenario is similar to many cases which happened before the UAE formed in 1971. The country used to be a coastal area settled by many people from neighboring countries, especially Iran. Ibrahim says his father was just 12 years old when he moved to the UAE. He has his father’s passport which was issued from Sharjah in 1953. He also has his father’s job card of 1967. “I was born here in the UAE and I am 44 years old now, whereas my eldest brother is in his fifties. Why are we treated like strangers in the country that where we were born?” he asks. “I worked at Dubai Civil Defense for 12 years and I also served in the Gulf War of 1990, but I feel sorry to say that all I have done during

THE BEDOOn ARE nOT Only DEPRIvED OF THE RIGHT TO CITIzEnSHIP, BUT AlSO TO EDUCATION, MEDICAl CARE, AnD DOCUMEnTInG MARRIAGE AnD DIvORCE CERTIFICATES.

A.H., whose father is orignially Iranian, tells his family’s story. His father was granted citizenship in 1976 and passed away 12 years later during medical treatment in Iran where he was buried. A.H. was just 8 years old back then. “My three sisters are married to Emirati men in spite of age differences between them and their husbands. One of my sisters is a third wife to her husband,

A.H then moved on to talk about another aspect of his life as a Bedoon. A.H. admitted he is unable to marry the girl he wants to spend his life with as she is Emirati. He is challenged by the government, which considers Bedoon’s marriage certificates invalid. So even if A.H. proposes to a Bedoon girl, his marriage is not going to be documented in the court. This has led many Bedoon to hold the marriage procedures at home by a marriage official. But it only gets more complicated. These officials have been recently notified by the Ministry of justice not to approve or perform such a ceremony for Bedoon. As a Marriage Official in Dubai Courts, Ali Ahmad Al Hmoodi says the decision of not documenting Bedoon’s marriage certificates went through several phases before becoming effective. “In the past, courts used to witness many cases of Emirati women marrying Bedoon, but recently, the UAE Government doesn’t approve this. The Government cares about the future of Emirati women as we discovered that most Bedoon get married to Emirati women only for the purpose to get citizenship.” A.A. tells of a similar story. She feels frustrated and disappointed. She was engaged to an Emirati man and the marriage preparation

while the other is the fourth wife of another man,” A.H. says. He believes his sisters got married to Emirati men to build a better future for themselves and their kids. He also does not deny the fact that this has helped him in his daily business which requires showing official documents. One of these deals is the renewal of his vehicle license, which is owned by his married sister. A.H. has to do this since the UAE Government refuses the renewal

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was going very well for the wedding, planned to take place at Eid. A.A. was sadly shocked on the Eid day when she received a phone call from her fiancée informing her the wedding was off. yet, this was not A.A.’s fiancée’s own decision, but a decision that was actually made by his mother who made up her mind about the marriage of her son to a Bedoon on the wedding day! In this regard, the government allows the marriage of Emirati men to Bedoon women and according to this marriage, the Bedoon wife becomes eligible for naturalization. But it seems the mother was troubled about how her son was going to be perceived in the community. any country but the UAE,” she says in response to one of the online discussions related to Bedoon issues. “I believe that the national identity doesn’t merely mean holding a passport, but the real national identity means loyalty and affiliation,” she concludes. In response to many Bedoon claims for their right for naturaliza tion as they hold old passports of the Emirates, the concerned rightfully deserve the UAE citizenship under several conditions. According to Brigadier Abdul Aziz Maktoum Al Shareefi, Director of the Preventive Security Department and the Committee Chief for the Ministry of Interior Affairs and the former Head of the Central Committee for Resolving the Bedoon Issue, there are four conditions which should be taken into consideration before naturalizing the Bedoon. First, a Bedoon must have been living in the country before 2nd December 1971. Secondly, a Bedoon must not conceal any identity papers that indicate his country of origin. Thirdly, a Bedoon should have a good reputation in society. Finally, a Bedoon should not have committed any moral or national security crimes. “Bedoon who don’t meet the conditions will be considered as a threat to the residency laws of the UAE,” Brigadier Al Shareefi remarked. While the UAE Government is making efforts to solve the problem, many Bedoon hide their real identity documents as some might not qualify to become UAE citizens because of such documents. This results in delays solving the problem. According to The Middle East newspaper, the government-formed Bedoon Committee has discovered many cases of identity forgery and giving false information in a bid to get the UAE citizenship. The newspaper adds many Bedoon entered the UAE illegally to claim later that they were settled in the country for many years and accordingly become eligible for naturalization. “The committee has taken into consideration the importance of resolving this problem as it

Dam’at Al Bedoon (Bedoon Tears in English) is the nickname of a female Bedoon who refused to talk about some of her stories as a Bedoon “Why are we cruelly attacked? Do we belong to another planet and do we have no God? Why are we perceived as people who look like aliens? To all who hurt us I say remember that one day you will be confronted by God to bring about justice for us.” She is from Ras Al Khaimah and is waiting for her turn to receive citizenship as many other Bedoon. “I can be considered as one of this oppressed category of people who are waiting for their turn to obtain the National ID of the UAE, but, unfortunately, I haven’t received it yet despite the fact that I hold all the old official documents such as the old passport of Ras Al Khaimah before the UAE’s establishment. I might have been born to live as Bedoon until death, but the UAE will remain my country, because since birth I never knew

authorities state: “Granting the UAE citizenship is one of the rights granted to the Federal Government on the basis, as per the national law, that holding the passport doesn’t necessarily indicate holding citizenship.”

UnOFFICIAl FIGURES InDICATE THAT THE nUMBER OF nOn-CITIzEnS In THE UAE IS APPROxIMATEly 10,000. THE CEnTRAl COMMITTEE OF BEDOOn, HOWEvER, SAyS THE nUMBER IS MUCH lESS.

In an Oct 2006 issue, Al Bayan newspaper announced that the committee which was specially formed to solve the Bedoon case in the UAE has successfully studied the first list of non-citizens’ record to identify the individuals who

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threatens the country’s national security and social life,” notes H.E. Major General nasser likhreibani Al nuaimi, Secretary General of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Interior, and Head of the Central Committee for Resolving the Bedoon Issue. “Sheikh Saif Bin zayed Al nahyan, the Minister of Interior, has stressed the importance of bringing this issue to an end by introducing more effective and practical methods,” he adds. Unofficial figures indicate that the number of non-citizens in the UAE is approximately 10,000. The Central Committee of Bedoon, however, says the number is much less. step has been taken in accordance with an agreement signed by the UAE Government and the Comorosian Government. The agreement requires granting Bedoon the Comorosian citizenship in order for them to at least adjust their legal condition in the UAE. The statement also said that Sheikh Saif Bin zayed Al nahyan has asked the authorities to give Bedoon visas and cancel all fines imposed on them to show his appreciation for the respect Bedoon showed towards the country’s sovereignty and security. The UAE Government is hoping to put an end to this problem, which has troubled the Government for four decades. The UAE Government started to handle the problem more effectively when it announced in October, 2006 it has finally decided to grant UAE citizenship to 1294 Bedoon from 296 families. This crucial step has ended the human agony of many Bedoon families. All serious efforts made towards resolving more Bedoon cases will definitely contribute to the social and security welfare of the UAE.

The non-citizens or Bedoon are classified into three categories according to certain historical periods. The first category of Bedoon lived in the UAE before its establishment in 1971. The second category came after the UAE establishment, while the third category came after the Gulf War of 1990. The second and the third categories of Bedoon are not rightfully eligible for naturalization as they did not live in the UAE prior to its establishment. What is troubling to the Government is that there are certain doubts about members of these two categories as some hide their real identities to benefit from the privileges given by the Government to its citizens. The Ministry of Interior also said in a statement that the members of the second and third categories of Bedoon have applied for Comorosian passports to modify their legal status in the country, and accordingly this enables them to get UAE citizenship later. This

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Getting ready: ‘Flick’ goes her blackberry. HamdaAl Bastaki/DWC

Children in heels
Pink, red, orange, black and many more eye shadow palettes and nail polishes are scattered all over the dressing table. Mahra is looking at herself in the mirror to make sure that she looks perfect. She adjusts her bangs and poses in front of the mirror for a picture; “flick” goes her Blackberry. She is wearing a short cocktail dress with an orange belt. She kneels down to put on her neon orange heels. Ready for the girls to come

haMda al BaSTaKI
to her birthday party, her 13th birthday party. bangles of many brand names on one arm and a watch on the other. But wait a minute! Schools are supposed to be a learning zone, not a fashion runway. Even though some girls are not really interested in what their friends have, they just force themselves to look cool. For this generation, teenagers feel thrilled when getting compliments about their fashionable look, not about

Walking through malls, parties or even schools, people might realize that teenagers nowadays are becoming materialistic. When some girls enter their teens, they feel pressure to buy what their friends have. At schools, some girls carry Marc by Marc jacobs school bags and pencil cases; wearing Gucci or louis vuitton shoes, or having

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what people think of their behavior. Girls act superficially and think materialistically. This is becoming a trend in society. Some 13 year olds will want to copy their 16 year old sisters, cousins or maybe friends. Even though it is only three years, this is a huge age gap. This may lead young teenagers to act older than their age. Copying others will make a teenager feel like she can have things that are not suitable for her age. ever their daughters ask for. This teaches the child to get used to not taking ‘no’ for an answer. friend. Dr. Asamarai clarifies that girls nowadays think that they must love somebody from the other sex or else there is something wrong with them.

Shamma Ali, a 15 year old Emirati, loves fashion and adores being noticed. She sometimes ignores her homework just to read celebrity gossip online and flip through fashion magazines. “I hope my parents buy me a Classic Chanel bag as a gift for my 16th birthday,” she prays. Shamma says that Victoria Beckham is her role model and fashion icon. “I follow her on Twitter just to know what she wears to specific events.” Shamma feels that if she had whatever celebrities have she would be happy for the rest of her life! 10 years ago, girls in their early teenage years did not worry about what others might think of their choice of fashion. They liked receiving accessories or clothes, or maybe sometimes still asked for games. now, the more expensive it is, the more they like it. For a young teenager to demand a bran d name bag as a gift is shocking. A young teenager might force her opinion on her mother and she can act angry if she did not like her mother’s decision. Some mothers seem like they are afraid to make their daughters feel sad or angry, agreeing to what-

Dr. layla Al Samarai - A Clinical Physiologist at Dubai Health Authority believes that a mother should still tell her daughter ‘no’. Mothers should always explain their decisions to their daughters and tell them why it is wrong. “It’s normal for girls who just entered their teenage years to express discomfort to their parents’ decisions. This doesn’t mean that the parents have to change their minds,” Dr. Al Samarai says.

Teenagers used to play hide-n-seek, act and play traditional games. But now, if a person enters a room full of teenagers, s/he will see them flipping through celebrity magazines instead of comic books; gossiping instead of talking about how they spent their summer vacation; or talking about the hottest guy in the last movie they saw. ‘Twilight’ as an example, made them think that they love Edward Cullen the ‘vampire’ It is not the way he looks, but the way he showed love to Belle, his girl-

...IF A PERSOn EnTERS A ROOM FUll OF TEEnAGERS, SHE WIll SEE THEM FlIPPInG THROUGH CElEBRITy MAGAzInES InSTEAD OF COMIC BOOKS...

Children TV stations nowadays are interesting to both adults and children. Most of them deliver content on emotions, boyfriends, cheating and love; concepts that adults age 18 and above understand more than young teenagers. Cartoons used to be about parenthood, helping the poor, hope, friendship, or having faith in a family member. Movies and cartoons helped raise a child. As years passed by, topics and concepts of the stories started to change. Tv shows and series that come from the West are playing a big role in a teenager’s life. Teenagers think and act like the characters they watch. Dr. Al Samarai believes it is the mother’s role to teach the daughter about the content of TV shows and how to relate it to her own culture. It is alarming for girls who just entered their teenage years to look up to Paris Hilton, Kim Kardashian and Britney Spears who are all very sexualized. If mothers were not there to be role models for their daughters, it is not surprising that the daughters would look up to someone else, someone like a celebrity. none of those celebrities have the same background or culture of Emiratis or even the Gulf region. Dr. Al Samarai recommends that mothers should take time to sit with their daughters to ask them about their days and answer any questions their daughters might have. If young girls can not get answers from their mothers, they

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will most probably seek another source of information which might not be the best choice. young teenagers don’t realize what they are missing from their childhood, and parents are not aware of how alarming this phenomenon is becoming. Friends’ judgments and the society’s mentality are making it hard for some young teenagers to live their life as they are supposed to. Parental supervision is one of the most important things in raising a child, especially daughters in their teenage years.

Budoor Ahmed, a young mother of 2, noticed something in young teenagers that bothered her. “After going to Kidzania, I noticed that many young teenagers liked to hang out in the club section, where they dance, sing and act as if they are in a band or something”. She was standing behind her 2 daughters, 4 year old Asma and 6 year old Reem. Budoor was surprised on how excited they were just by looking at the teenagers as if they were watching a Disney cartoon. She is worried for the next generation and afraid how her children will turn out when they grow up.

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I smoked!
huda Kazim year 1 Pharmacy Student
Two months ago, and on a day that I won’t forget ever, one of my cousins told me that she had started smoking back in her country. In those days, I was broken emotionally, feeling empty and extremely lonely, so I began thinking that cigarettes may help in reducing the “emptiness” thing that filled my soul… “Maybe it will pass “lonely” hours quickly… what will I lose? let me try and see”, I thought. later at night, I went with her to a mall and bought a packet of cigarettes.

think of me? My family thinks of me as smart and wise, not a crazy smoker! So, I felt angry and not in the mood for anything; when anyone wanted even to say a word, my head felt as if it was going to explode! I didn’t want to hear anything; I just wasn’t in the right mood. The following day wasn’t any better, it was the same and I made it worse by smoking two cigarettes. On the third day, my eye sight was diminishing and I couldn’t smell or hear things as perfectly as I used to before. To add more, I began to sense that my family members were avoiding me; they knew I might start a fight. That fact was like a stabbing knife straight to the middle of my heart; I was already lonely, I couldn’t be more lonely than that, please God!

life from this moment… everything was created peacefully, why do I have to ruin this principle?” I was thinking. When you feel peace within your soul, everything else seems to be quietly calm. I stood and went to those gardeners. They were staring at me, astounded, as if thinking,” What is she doing?” I felt that they were a bit afraid of me. However, I asked one of them to give me the spade to help and I did! Honestly, I felt so proud of myself! If I am able to be a good person and to have a positive influence on people, why should I not continue doing that? Instead of feeling lonely, and harming myself by trying new and bad things, why should I not be a useful person? If people just begin discovering their positive potentials, they will be able to see this world as a wonderful piece of painting; a charming scene with a soft breeze of positive influence.

When I returned home, I tried to light the first cigarette, but I couldn’t. I won’t deny the fact that I was scared to death while trying that, but in the end, I did it! And began to smoke! “Ohh! I am smoking! yes!” I was extremely happy and thought that I was capable of doing anything I wanted. I was really an important person now! I nearly wanted to shout! My cousin, who smokes, was beside me and asked me to light her cigarette too, so I thought, “She needs me now, I’m important!” We smoked together and I was very happy and extremely hyperactive; I even thought of jumping from the balcony! After I finished, we went to sleep. Next day, I had a headache and my throat was burning, but I couldn’t tell anyone… what would they

“I cannot live like this anymore!” I cried after smoking the second cigarette on the fifth day. I felt lonely and helpless… it was like I was drowning deeply in a dark ocean. I felt emptiness was filling my heart while my eyes were staring at that cigarette between my fingers. I tried to hide my anger, my sadness, but forcefully, a tear came out from my eye and more followed. “What am I doing?” I thought, feeling petty towards myself. I knew that I had to do something before my life got more complicated. Hence, I thought of a plan to save myself before it was too late. On the following day and after I reached my college, I sat on one of the wooden chairs on the campus. The weather was calm and the breeze was warm and soft. I was staring at the sky… bird sound seemed like a song… girls were walking and gardeners were fixing the soil. “I will start my new

It was hard for me in the beginning to resist the desire of smoking. However, human beings’ energies are unpredictable; if they try their best to reach their aims, they will. A few days later, whenever I felt the need to smoke, I took a walk around the campus and tried to think of how to help a friend or try a new good thing in my life or even to study until this feeling went away. now, a week later, I have started learning how to play some musical instruments and it has made me forget about smoking.

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Shhhh… don’t tell!
aSMa al ZaaBI
Alia and Ali are a newly married couple. They plan to have a nice honeymoon in Malaysia, but they did not tell anyone about their destination. Shhh... Don’t tell! Mariam got pregnant and she is in her third month, but she asked her husband not to tell anyone from his family until the pregnancy shows. Shhh... Don’t tell! Salem is planning to pursue a masters’ degree, but he decided not to tell anyone until he graduates. Shhh... Don’t tell!

Mona, Mohammad and many others are doing things without telling even the closest person in their lives. People are exaggerating in hiding their matters and their lives become full of secrets. Family members are doing things wit out telling each other. Some news is great to know, but still they hide it. Not telling is an age-old practice in the UAE. Saleh Hassan, a 26 year old police officer, puts all the blame on society. “I have noticed our grandparents and the elderly in the family hide many things from us and they used to warn us that they would punish us if we reveal any family news. Consequently, we inherited this habit.”
Shhh, Don’t tell. Asma Al zaabi/DWC

Human beings are born to be socially connected. They need to share and communicate especially with the ones they love such as

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family members or closest friends. If people hide things from each other, what happiness are they sharing? “I believe if I was close enough to a person, she should not hide things from me! Otherwise, I am not that close,” notes Afra Sultan, a college student. justifying the behavior based on religion is yet another thing. According to religious texts, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said: “Do your things without telling.” Mona Rashed, a housewife, argues people use this as an excuse not to tell. “People took this saying and followed it without realizing the fact that this saying was said in a special occasion or meant to be used in certain situations.”

In a survey of 30 Emiratis designed in an attempt to measure peoples’ beliefs about the “don’t tell” practice, 50% of the younger age group (18-25 years) agreed not telling helps them to hide their failure. To them, other people’s opinion of them is an important issue. Around 30% of the 25 year age group agreed not telling will avoid envy. However, 80% of all participants believe it’s how they were raised. Dr. Ghada Al Shaikh, a Family Specialist and Consultant, explains people always try to find someone else to blame for their own mistakes. “People always justify their failure saying that people envy them or use magic as a common excuse to stop them from doing what they want. As a result they won’t tell their news to others.” Dr. Al Shaikh advises people to be open-minded and stop blaming others for their failure. “It is true that there is envy or magic in our society, but we can’t use them as an execuse for our faults or failure. like a baby when s/he starts walking, falling might happen because we didn’t give him/her enough space to walk! If a girl chooses the wrong man in marriage, whose fault is this? Is it the others’ or her fault? not telling will not fix her marriage.” College student Dana Husain explains that the majority of her relatives and friends do not share their news very often. She started

doing the same herself. Why? “I made a hard decision not to tell people about me especially my brother and his wife. He told us he is going to travel with his wife only two days before the travel date. The next day my brother fell down and broke his arm. His wife said someone envied him!”

People hide things as they believe telling will lead others to know more about them. Mansoor Al Ali, a banker, argues that telling others about his news makes him feel so visible, which he does not like. “I believe telling people about my news makes them want to know more about me which makes me uncomfortable.”

Dr. Al Shaikh commented that the nature of relationships among people is getting more complicated. “People have changed a lot, therefore, they are not telling either because they do not like each other or they think they do not have to share their news with others. Both might cause complicated relationships and misunderstanding, especially in a culture like the UAE where families and people are closely connected and used to sharing everything.”

Hanan Al Hamadi, a Department of Economic Development employee, had some bad experiences because, according to her, she used to talk about her news to everyone. “It really works sometimes! If you tell, you might face lots of trouble and you won’t reach your goal. While sometimes if you do not tell, your plans run smoothly.”

Alia and Ali enjoyed their honeymoon. When they came back to the airport no one was there waiting from their family to welcome them. Mariam had a miscarriage and she was forced to tell everyone that she was pregnant! She started to think of excuses to defend herself in front of her husband’s family. Salem got his Masters, but none of his friends attended his graduation ceremony.

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Driving with attitude
aISha BIn oBood
They do not use signals to reveal their intentions. Red signals to them mean progressing gradually until reaching the crossing line. By the time it turns green, the only thing left of them is ‘dust’. Intelligence to them is keeping their eyes on the edge of the road monitoring their number one enemy, the ‘radar’. They do not fear getting behind any moving object as long as their fingers are flashing the headlights. Amazingly, they can always find a way to stand out from the rest. They could turn on their vehicles’ lights in the daytime and turn them off when it is dark. speed limit and yet cause a bad accident. Major General Engineer Mohammed Saif Al zafeen, Director of the General Department of Traffic at Dubai Police, explains that over the past two years in Dubai irresponsible practices have caused more than 90% of car accidents. Recent numbers released on the General Directorate of Abu-Dhabi Police website indicate that over the past three months, 69 accidents were caused by not leaving enough space between one car and another. This has led They are neither warriors nor any terrorist group. In fact, they are aggressive drivers! Whether or not it is a trend to drive with such attitude or lack of manners, their actions are road violence.In accidents, speed gets the pointing fingers of blame. ‘Bad driving manners’ is the real criminal. A driver can drive less than the

Bad driving manners is the real criminal. Aisha Bin Obood/DWC

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to 104 people being injured and two dead. Campaigns targeting aggressive driving and road violence were launched. Penalties varied from fines and impounding vehicles to rehabilitation sessions. ambulance in an emergency call. Now the question is, why such behavior is on the rise? esteem. Blind imitation and showing off are not limited to men. Some women adopt similar manners. Recently, a story was all over the local newspapers and forums about a car chase between Major General Engineer Mohammed Saif Al zafeen and a white lexus. The car, which was speeding and changing lanes randomly and terrifying other drivers, appeared to be driven by a young female after he stopped the car. Would such irresponsible driving behavior be considered as a trend similar to using Blackberries and flashy outfits? Alia Al Falasi, a private sector employee, answers. “I don’t go extreme and think of it as a trend. To me, I drive similar to men to drive home the point that women are not bad drivers.” Arguing with that, Khadija Abdulqader, a housewife, makes clear that there is no excuse for driving in an uncivilized way and putting others’ lives in danger. Expressing her dissatisfaction, “I mean their intensions of being cool could easily flyaway and turn into embarrassment and regret as soon as they cause an accident.” Drivers seem to exclude themselves from the bigger image. They tend to hide under all that metal and behind shaded windows in an almost disconnected world closer to invisibility. They hardly associate good driving practices to good personal mannerism. They also forget that a country’s image could be tarnished by bad drivers. The bottom line is that there is no point in having spacious and fancy streets if they are distorted by irresponsible selfish behavior. Unfortunately, bad driving still stand against the UAE’s efforts of being a major tourist attraction.

Aggressive driving can be committed in various ways. All actions that encroach on road users’safety and comfort, even gestures, are illegal. The Dubai Police website lists several examples: looking at other drivers with discontent, using the horn unnecessarily and randomly, changing lanes aimlessly and repeatedly, not giving way to those who have right of passage and much more. However, it is noticeable that some of those drivers are getting more creative in ways of breaking the law. “I always try to find shortcuts and ways to get rid of traffic jams,” says Ahmed Salem, a businessman. Admitting, however, that patience is sometimes better, he adds: “Once I didn’t want to stop in a long line of cars, waiting for the traffic light. I decided to enter a bystreet. Unfortunately, it was full of speed bumps. Most of the cars passed the traffic light and I was still driving slowly over each speed bump”. Bad driving attitudes are widespread among younger drivers as a way of being ‘cool and trendy’. An example is not keeping their car signal on for too long, instead, using one blink only while changing lanes or turning. Another way of being ‘cool’ is knowing how to get rid of the car in front of them. Of course flashing headlights are the best, but some prefer sticking right behind the car until its driver changes the lane. Others do not bother to wait, but they speed up, change lanes and drive as an

Digging into the issue, the reasons mainly are justified as side effects of the fast modern life, in which traffic jams, stress and racing with time are the main characteristics. The Dubai Police attribute some of the behaviors to lack of patience and dearth of time. On the other hand, psychologists argue that any social issue including aggressive driving can be a reflection of suffering from family violence, frustration and having no anger control. Orabi Mohammad, Test Authority Analyst at RTA, strongly agrees that driving aggressively on the road indicates a defect in the personality of the driver. He rejects the excuse of saving time and avoiding traffic-jams and believes “aggressive drivers tend

to drive with bad manners even with the absence of traffic-jams and external pressure.”

BAD DRIvInG ATTITUDES ARE WIDESPREAD AMOnG yOUnGER DRIvERS AS A WAy OF BEInG ‘COOl AnD TREnDy’.

Mira Rashid Abdullah, Corporal at Abu-Dhabi Police, believes “certain driving manners indicate the driver’s personality and good manners come from within first.” To her, bad driving practices are methods of showing-off and blind imitation coming from low self-

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Gone with the debts
haMdah haSSan
the outside image of the campaign. Unfortunately, if a person gets into this lifestyle, they will find that they do not own any assets like a house, a car or even a small business and all that they own is mortgaged to banks and financing companies. S. Mohammed, a branch manager at a national bank, explains the reasons behind targeting UAE nationals in loans campaigns. “There are two main reasons why banks target UAE Nationals, they have high incomes and job security.” This applies to 85% of them, he notes. Abdulaziz H, 21 year old officer at Dubai Airport, acknowledges his mistake, although failing to solve it. “I know it’s a headache to live with loans, but it’s really hard for me not to buy something that interests me and I wouldn’t mind to get a new credit card for it. Right now half of my salary goes to the loans I have. I think banks are there to help us do what we want. I like the high-class lifestyle and I’m enjoying it.” Some young Emiratis are concerned about what people think of them in terms of their look, how they dress, what car they drive and their personality and behavior. Alia Salem, 26 year old call center representative in an Abu-Dhabi company, totally agrees with Abdulaziz and thinks

Taking car loans to buy luxurious cars. Wafa Al Marzouqi/DWC

All he cares about is the way he looks. He would not feel self-confident if he were not wearing one of his Rolex luxurious collection, carrying his Vertu mobile phone, with expensive cufflinks, shoes and driving his lavish 650,000 AED car. Ahmed H., a 21 year old air steward, is one of many UAE nationals falling into the trap of debts for the sake of living a high-class lifestyle.

ask for more. The latter are easily drowned by debts.

life has many temptations for young UAE nationals as luxury goods and services have become the trend and not everyone worries about their actual income. Some are mature enough to accept the simple life they have, while others are materialistic and will always

Getting loans from banks is becoming an easy process especially for UAE nationals. national banks offer UAE Nationals easy loan approvals. There are certain campaigns designed with a UAE National photo telling customers to “buy your dream car today and pay next year.” Such banks claim they are trying to make life easier for people. Potential customers, however, are tricked by these offers as they are not aware that paying next year means that the loan will be doubled. Many loan applicants do not bother to read the terms and conditions of the loans offered to them, but only see

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that being in debt is not a big deal. “I won’t feel comfortable going out looking less stylish than my friends, and I won’t accept it if they look better than me, people these days judge you by the way you look.” Salem’s father knew about the four credit cards she has, but failed to stop her from spending a lot of money on shopping. “I don’t know why he was so angry about it! I told my father I know what I’m doing and I’m responsible for my actions.” Being educated and realistic about how to respond to attractive loan offers is a challenge nowadays. On the other hand, Emiratis who are passionate about investing in their future are not easily fooled into taking loans. Rashed Ebrahim, 23 year old IT technician in a Dubai real estate company, believes loans are useful if there is a proper payment plan, otherwise it might turn out to be a disaster. “There are some basics in life that we need to get loans for, like a car, a house or for an emergency case; other than that I will never take a loan to buy unnecessary things. If I spend all the money I have on useless goods, I’ll never be able to continue my studies or get married,” he adds.

Reasons for taking loans vary depending on priorities, temptations, and satisfaction. Maryam Abdulla, a 25 year old employee at DEWA, shares a story about her friends.

Fingers are mainly pointed at parents for this problem. Dr. Suad Al Marzouqi, Clinical Psychologist and Assistant Professor of Physiology at UAE University, believes it all starts from home and how parents bring up their children. “The way parents raise their children determines their attitudes when they grow up. Parents should not meet their child’s every need whether it’s a game or a toy and buy them everything they desire.” Dr. Al Marzouqi explains parents have to teach their children to be a ‘self-made’ person and independent, rather than being spoiled and materialistic. “Children should be taught from an early age how to work hard for what they wish to have.” Unstable relationship or divorce can also impact children’s behavior.

“My friends get loans for plastic surgeries, Botox, fillers, nose jobs and liposuction. They aim for what they call ‘a perfect look’ and it doesn’t matter to them what it takes to do so.” Abdullah thinks most of the girls in her age have no future plans or goals; they care about the outside rather than the inside. “After the plastic surgery comes shopping as a priority as well. I wonder how they can manage to do all of this with a AED12,000 salary. I think they are very shallow, they don’t realize the burden of living with debts and I feel very sorry for them.”

“If parents don’t give care and love to their children, this affects their personality negatively; they will always feel insecure and will lack self-esteem.” When this child grows up, s/he might want to buy everything s/he likes as it will make them feel secure. Many parents experience this problem. Samya Ahmed, a mother of two boys and a girl, has lived a life of debt with her husband and always wanted a better life for her children. “I was shocked when I knew my son Mohamed had an AED 250,000 personal loan plus a credit card. He spends money on shopping, traveling and hanging out with friends and sadly he doesn’t feel taking a loan is a mistake.” She is sure that one day her son will realize his mistake, but hopefully not when it is too late. “They have lived in a society where everything is available,” says Khaleda Saleh, a teacher and a mother of three boys. She argues the new generation does not know how to save money. She also blames parents for their lack of supervision on what their children watch on Tv. “They are obsessed with celebrities and movie stars; they spend a lot of money imitating them,” she adds.

It is the parents’ responsibility to teach their children to prioritize their essentials in life because one day the fake lavish life-style will vanish, but debts will last forever.

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ART

Pech-Merle Cave in France. URl: http://debcattoi.com/paleo/images/SPOTTED%20HORSE.gif

The revelation of cavewomen
In the dark and silent solitude of a cave, flickering torchlight reveals sleek fingers as they mold and reshape the clay surface of the wall. These deft fingers smear different types of pigment together. The pigments dissolve and produce a new color that flows to fill the engraved drawings on the wall, leaking into each line and dot, finally creating a non-portable work of art. Art is history. Human beings left remarkable genuine pieces as proof of their expressive creativity. last year, scientists discovered “prehistoric cave paintings were made by women as well as men.” (The national Geographic news,

reeM ahlI

“PREHISTORIC CAvE PAInTInGS WERE MADE By WOMEn AS WEll AS MEn.”
Cave paintings have always been acknowledged as the significant work of the cavemen. But what is cave painting? According to the Encyclopedia of Irish & World ART, it is “the drawing and painting on the walls and ceilings of the caves, 30,000 years ago.”

june 16, 2009; The Times, September 11, 2009; and Mail Online, july 6, 2009.

Scientists presented different factors to support the new exciting discovery. The first one seems pretty obvious since it screams out that they have been done for communication purposes. The second one imagines cave people trying hard to bring life to their boring caves by simply decorating them using these primitive drawings inspired by the surrounding environment. The third one sees that they were doing it in order to hunt the drawn animals as a result of their beliefs passed down by their ancestors. Another reason is to tell the story of their hunting voyages and adventures. last is the idea that they have been used for their ancient religious

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practice. Ana Tolvai, an artist at the Dubai Community Theater & Arts Centre (DUCTAC) explains “we don’t really know the role of women and men back then, we are just making stories about it. If the caveman was the hunter and the cavewoman was waiting for him to come back, maybe the cavewoman painted the hunting scenes in order to help her partner in catching the prey, if indeed the magic theory was proven right.” Scientists are puzzled by the discovery. The perspective of women’s roles back then will dramatically change as a result. If the cavewoman painted side by side with the caveman, then her role was much bigger in the society than their initial idea and this discovery changes so many theories about women in the prehistoric era. Professor Dean Snow from Pennsylvania State University noted “we don’t know the general role of artists in the society (roughly 20,000 to 40,000 years ago) but it is a step forward to be able to say that a strong majority of them were women.” (Mail Online, july 6,2009) by enhancing their methods of painting and developing new techniques. This shows how much art meant to our ancestors and how far they were willing to go in order to express their visions. The artists did not witness the finishing touches of their work. The tools that they used were extremely primitive and basic. They used their fingers, feathers, twigs, horsehair and hollow bones to accomplish spraying techniques. According to the National Geographic News, scientists measured, analyzed and studied the hand stencils that were found in the Pech Merie and Gargas caves in France. After finishing the examination, the result assured and confirmed women’s contributions in these paintings. Afnan Saeed, interior designer, is excited by the new discovery. “This discovery is huge for women. We started as cavewomen equal to cavemen, but later on through the centuries men become superior to women. nowadays, it is really interesting to know that the cavemen and women practiced rituals together side by side.” The above statement illustrates the importance of this discovery to all women around the world. It is a grand celebration of women’s creativity that goes back thousands of years . It proves how unique women are when applying their vision through art and leaving their fingerprints as historical identification of what they have created. After all, it was not just about the cavemen!

Art is the ultimate way of expressing one’s feelings. It is a way to turn an idea in one’s mind into a living reality that touches billions of people around the world. The most common themes and patterns our ancestors drew were pictures of wild animals, tracing of human hands and stories that illustrated dangerous hunting scenes. These popular paintings are mostly found in caves located in Europe. Some of these outstanding paintings were done over generations of time. Each generation continue the work of the previous one

Color raises another question. Where did the colors come from? As basic as the tools sound, the colors were too. Creativity is necessary when trying to color a brown solid wall. How could it stand out? Basically, they used red ocher, yellow ocher, charcoal, black manganese oxide, animal blood, fruit juices, pigment mixes, clay, and soot. We can tell how sincere people were by the tremendous efforts to make and give life to the art they were trying to make. Indeed, knowing how basic their techniques were, it became crucial to say that this is the ground base of the way scientists discovered that women contributed to creating some of the artwork back then. Usually when one paints or draws, one leaves behind the imprints of one’s own hand. It sounds simple, but this was considered the beginning of the breakthrough, or in other words, the enlightenment.

THIS DISCOvERy CHAnGES SO MAny THEORIES ABOUT WOMEn In THE PREHISTORIC ERA.

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PERSONALITY

Learning is life
heSSa al haMadI

Tarifa with the UAE Ambassador in Italy. Tarifa Al zaabi/DWC

Tarifa Ajaif Al Zaabi believes in the lifelong learning cycle. Pursuing further education must never stop, she believes. “My journey in educa tion will never end thanks to the Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT) and Dubai Women’s College (DWC).”

Childhood Al Zaabi had a peaceful childhood in a supportive and loving family. She is the youngest among her two brothers and two sisters. She was inspired by their enthusiasm and hard work. “They are my role models professionally and personally,” she affirms. “Tarifa was a happy child, but could be annoying if she did not get what she wanted, you could say she was persistent about what she wanted,” her mother recalled.

School Life “I still remember the first day in kindergarden. I was an active kid, but ironically I had two names, Tarifa and Fatima, which were given by my father and my mother respectively. It was a bit confusing for me when attendance was taken in the class because I would not respond to someone calling me Tarifa as I thought my name was Fatima! Well, eventually, I overcame this in 3rd grade!”

Al Zaabi loved her school life as she was one of the outstanding students who participated in different school activities. She had all the support from her teachers and the school administration. “I also had many friends who I still keep in touch with, although some of them are no longer living in the UAE.”

Graduate Studies Al Zaabi joined DWC in 1994, and graduated in 1999 with a Higher Diploma in Business Administration, followed by a Bachelor in Applied Business Sciences in 2000. In 2003 she graduated with a Masters degree in Business Administration Executive (MBA) from the University of Sharjah. By that time, she was employed by the HCT at Sharjah Women’s College. “Then I realized that there are many things left for me to learn and learning doesn’t necessarily need to stop right here.” As a result, she decided to join the Education Doctorate Program (PhD) with the British University in Dubai. Steve Terney, Foundation English teacher at DWC, taught Al Zaabi in Foundations 17 years ago. She

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left a very strong impression because of her confidence, humor and overall personality. “Tarifa is a wonderful person to be around, she is full of humor, but she also knows how to be serious at the same time. She never stopped her education, and I really feel very proud of her because she is the kind of person that the UAE needs in education. She is not just a good role model, but also an extremely bright, hard working and ambitious person as well.” Career Her first job was in the Career Department at zayed University. “I was passionate about supporting students to select the right career for themselves.” In 2001, she joined Sharjah HCT, as Employer Relations Coordinator to support students and graduates in finding meaningful internship programs and suitable employment. In 2004, she was promoted to Supervisor of the Student Services Department. Currently, Al zaabi is in the second year of her Doctorate in Education program specializing in Policy and Management and working at the same time as an Acting Dean of Student Services at Sharjah’s HCT. She started her career focusing on Emirati youth development and engagement at different levels. “It started with career development, then employment and work experience, ollowed by engagement and empowerment to develop soft skills

including leadership, teamwork, time management, organizational skills and community service experience.”

Commenting on Al Zaabi’s career growth, Terney notes that “Tarifa and I have been friends for many years and I always follow her career path with great interest. I still remember the first job she had at zayed University. She continued in Education as she went from Zayed to Sharjah Women’s College, and it has been really great for me to witness the way her career has moved up.” Achievements She enjoys spening quality time with people especially those who come from different cultures to learn and exchange knowledge. As she puts it, learning plays an important role in her life and despite being an employee, wife and mother of a 6 year old, she also managed to graduate with distinction in all levels of her education. She won the Sheikh Rashid Award for Academic Excellence in 2003, and in the same year she received The Chair Academy International leadership Program. “learning is a very important and critical word as everyday we learn a new thing in which we do not learn only, but also get to enjoy what we are learning, which is simply what I call the beauty of life,” she comments.

Al zaabi at a Un conference Italy. Tarifa Al Zaabi/DWC

Al zaabi in Denmark attending lEGO Serious Play Training - October 2010. Tarifa Al Zaabi-DWC

Attending Women as Political leaders- US Exchange Program. Tarifa Al zaabi/DWC

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Besides her educational achievements, she adds, “there are a number of activities that I participated in that added value to my life experience.” In 2006, she won the Sharjah HCT Director’s Award for Best Employee of the year. Three years later, she was part of the US Exchange Program Alumnai of Women as Political leaders. Remarkably, she became the first woman in the Middle East and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Certified Facilitator from Denmark in “lEGO Serious Play” 2010, which is a new training tool used to unleash innovation and creativity in individuals. Learning is Life Al Zaabi tries to turn every experience in her life into a learning opportunity. “I learn how to find a way to learn from people without causing them discomfort for sharing the information with me,” she explains. To her, it is very important to become a knowledgeable person in order to be able to defend one’s point of view professionally and assertively, which eventually comes with experience. Al Zaabi believes the foundational skills she has built such as being independent, persistent, committed, responsible and a lifelong learner were actually gained from DWC. “These skills were the key skills I have implemented and they have supported me during my career. DWC provided me with a development opportunity through their curriculum and extra activities. Constant encouragement by a group of teachers helped me to enhance my self-esteem and confidence.”

learning is not only important in her career life, but also in her personal life. “I have the greatest job in life, which is being a mother. you need to learn how to deal and respond positively to your children’s questions, and understand that their expectations and the experiences they will go through will be totally different than yours. This is the learning experience that all of us will go through in life.”

With the Consul General of the United States of America. Tarifa Al zaabi/DWC

Future Plans It is always important to have a plan, and it is important to have positive thoughts towards the future. Al zaabi’s short-term plan is to complete her Ph.D. and then return back to the HCT in order to contribute to the development of the youth. In addition, she wants to be actively involved in community projects and work as an inspiration for the youth. Her long-term plan also includes her interest in obtaining international work experience.

At her office. Tarifa Al zaabi/DWC

“learning is life. We live and we learn at different stages of our lives, as well as from different kinds of experiences. Each day that passes is a learning experience, that’s why we learn from history. The journey of learning starts with us when we are children and we continue to learn from everything around us,” she closes.

DWC NEWS
SHAIKHA AL AYALI High Expectations of Desert Dawn
The Applied Communications Department and Desert Dawn students celebrated the success of the previous issue with Dr. Howard Reed, DWC’s Director, and Dr. Bahjat Al yousuf, Associate Director, on October 7, 2010. The previous issue raised the expectation as it introduced strong and challenging content in a beautiful design. “It was a challenging task, because we wanted to bring something that would get the attention of our readers. We wrote about controversial yet interesting topics that no one else dared to talk about in a public magazine before,” said Shamsa Al Suwaidi, previous student editor of DD.

45

Environmental Student Workshop 2010

Sponsored by Al Safi Club for Friends of the Environment and supported by the British Council and DWC, the Tomorrow’s Environmentalists workshop was held at DWC on October 21, 2010. University students from different nationalities attended the workshop to learn more about the issue. The event included a variety of discussions concerning the causes and effects of climate change and its impacts, responsibilities, solutions and how we will live in the future.

Arab Voices Speak to American Hearts

Samar Dahmash jarrah, author of Arab Voices Speak to American Hearts, and Professor at the University of South Florida, visited DWC on October 27, 2010 to speak about the use of social media to open dialogue between Arabs and Americans after the 9/11 attacks. jarrah shared her amazing journey from being a regular news editor to reaching a point where she stood in front of hundreds of Westerners explaining to them that Islam is a peaceful religion. She spoke about the importance of communication among people and its critical role in helping people all over the world overcome misperceptions and stereotypes about each other. Sheencouraged DWC students to interact with Western students through social media forums and share with them opinions about all kinds of issues.

Breast Cancer Day

DWC Wellness Center, in collaboration with Dubai Health Authority and Al Marrai and noviderm Companies, organized a series of health checkup and educational displays in the college cafeteria on Sunday, October 10, 2010. Unlimited activities were included on that day such as free tobacco testing, bone density checkup and osteoporosis health education, pregnancy and awareness about breast-feeding.

46
DWC Celebrates the 20th Graduation
On november 3, 2010 DWC celebrated its 20th graduation ceremony. The event was attended by Dr. Sheikha Alia Humaid Saqr Al Qasimi, Head of Business Development Support Office, Medical Education from Dubai Health Authority along with other dignitaries and parents. More than 260 students graduated from the programs of Bachelor’s degrees and Higher Diplomas in Information Technology, Business, Applied Communications, Health Sciences, Education, and Diploma programs in Technology Skills and Business. On November 30, 2010 DWC celebrated the 39th UAE National Day in the presence of Dr. Howard Reed, DWC Director, Dr. Behjat Al yousuf, Associate Director, and Mr. Khalifa Buamain, Director of Government Communication. The event included an exhibition that featured a collection of pictures demonstrating the construction of the United Arab Emirates and its development from the past to the present. Members of the DWC Student Parliament and the Applied Communications Department organized the exhibition to raise the DWC student body awareness about their country’s development. The national Day celebration included several events such as folk dances and showcase area on the UAE heritage that presented local cuisine an exhibition of traditional accessories and embroideries.

National Day

8th National Teacher Education Conference

The 8th national Teacher Education Conference was held at DWC on December 6, 2010 under the patronage of HE Sheikh nahyan Bin Mabarak Al nahyan, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research and Chancellor of Higher Colleges of Technology. The Conference aimed at raising the standards of teaching and learning in UAE classrooms. The conference was opened by Dr. Marshall Drummond, HCT Provost and Dr. Howard Reed, Director of DWC, and was attended by more than 400 teachers, educators, school principles, teacher administrators, college and university students and other instructors working within the UAE. This year’s theme was ‘Focus on learners: Effective Strategies for the Student-Centred Classroom.’ The participants had the opportunity to learn the latest ideas to promote active learning in classrooms and to take away something to use in their own schools.

47
UAE’s first Student PR Day at DWC
Organized by the Middle East Public Relations Association and in cooperation with DWC, the first Student PR Day was held on november 1, 2010 at DWC. More than 200 students attended mostly from the HCT colleges, Zayed University in Dubai and Abu Dhabi, American University in Sharjah and Middlesex University Dubai Campus. The Student PR Day helped the students become familiar with the reality of working in the communications sector. It gave a strong snapshot of the fast growing industry of communications and public relations. Experienced professionals shared and offered the students constructive feedback to their numerous queries and questions.

2010 ILN Conference

DWC hosted the two day biannual 2010 Informational literacy network Conference on October 30, 2010. This year, the conference offered the participants eight paper presentations, six workshops and various poster sessions centered on the theme of Information literacy Assessment and Competency Standards. It was attended by more than 100 librarians and educators from around the Gulf region who came from different educational institutes and were passionate about information literacy. They came together to share new ideas of projects, and new ways to attract students to libraries.

Italian Cuisine Day 2010

DWC Italian Club invited the executive sous chef at jW Marriott, Andrea Conte, to prepare one of his delicious Italian pasta dishes on campus. Approximately 30 students and teachers attended the live show on how to make fresh pasta, sauces and fresh salad with a healthy dressing. Tagliatelle, a traditional type of pasta, is made from fresh eggs pasta dough, fresh tomato and mozzarella sauce.

Flip Video Camera Session

Creators at Pure Digital Technologies, a San Francisco establishment led by CEO jonathan Kaplan, Senior vice President and General Manager of Cisco Consumer Products were invited by the IT Department at DWC on October 28, 2010 to share their experiences of entrepreneurship with the students. Kaplan discussed flip video camera technology, video and social networking and innovation and entrepreneurship. Over 50 students attended this presentation.

48

BUSINESS

The bright side of the economic crisis
ShaTha al aMerI
Can you believe the economic crisis is the best time to start your own business?! pastries and desserts. AlMazrouie started her business in the beginning of the economic crisis. However, she now owns many factories in Dubai and Sharjah and her business gets better every month. “I think my business got better after the economic crisis. Food is a guaranteed business, people will never stop eating!” she said with a big smile. “The only difference I noticed is that the suppliers from Italy have increased their prices since the crisis.” Another DWC entrepreneur is Ayesha Malik who works in the diamond industry. She graduated from DWC in 2003 with a Higher Diploma in Tourism and a Bachelor degree in Business in 2008. Three years ago she decided to try her luck with business, a different way from other entrepreneurs. “AU jewels” is the name of her little shop at home, she sells diamonds on silver and precious stone that she brings from a factory in India. “I didn’t feel the economic crisis that much because I don’t have stores. However, the prices increased by around 30% when the gold price went up,” she said. “There was a time I had to decrease my prices because the customers stopped buying and I noticed people started to think twice before spending their money after the crisis.” Malik thinks that College helped her a lot in dealing with the crisis. “College helped us to always be ready for a crisis and I’ve been taught what we should do about it.” Malik thinks she was kind of lucky with the crisis because the prices went down at the factory she’s dealing with. “The crisis hit the big companies, but, companies have started to recover now.” she added. Fashionable abayas, bags, accessories, scarves, clothes and more seem to be everywhere, but girls just can’t get enough. Many entrepreneurs work in the fashion industry as residents of the UAE are majors spenders on fashion even since the crisis. The economic crisis has been tough on so many people around the world. However, many Dubai Women’s College (DWC) graduate entrepreneurs have had a different experience with the economic crisis. It somehow helped them improve their businesses, others are trying to survive this crisis. The influence of the economic crisis on DWC entrepreneurs:

Safa Almazrouie, a DWC graduate, is a successful entrepreneur who proves herself in every position she takes on. She always believed that whatever she was doing was not enough. So she decided to pursue her dream and work on her passion for cooking. Mini Delights is the name of her factory, a small business she started in her own kitchen. She started out making healthy and organic

mini Delights logo.Aghnag Tshirt Design. Shatha Al Ameri/DWC

Haleema Seemba is an Applied Communications Bachelor graduate of DWC. She wanted to go for what she loves the most, clothes, casual

Haleema Seemba, owner of Aghnag Tshirt Design. Shatha Al Ameri/DWC

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clothes with a unique cultural identity for both men and women. She now owns ‘Aghnag’. As a small entrepreneur, she was afraid to spend her money to open her own store and then risk losing everything especially after the economic crisis. As a result, Seemba chose different ways to market and sell her designs such as starting her own website, marketing ‘Aghnag’ through Blackberry messenger, and contracting with individual stores and sports club. “Although people don’t spend money like before, still our community spends lots of money on fashion!” with different prices and designs, and not famous brands or copies! Girls just loved the new bags,” she said. ‘Cherry Berry’ is the name of her new business that started with her own budget last Ramadan. Saif uses emails and Blackberry messenger to market the bags. She is satisfied with her business and it was the best decision she made in the face of crisis! How to make good business during a crisis: “Many small businesses started after the great depression in the 30s, now those businesses are the biggest and most successful businesses in the world,” Safa Almazrouie said. “And now it is the time for your business”. The following advice from successful DWC entrepreneurs who have gone through the real business world experience: • Be special. Think of a unique and different idea to what we have in the UAE. • Good quality, better prices. After the economic crisis people are looking for alternatives in many products. • Create a business plan.

• Do your research. Think of what people need during this crisis. • never stop your search. • Make sure your plan B is always ready. Check your business after five years, if you succeed, what’s next and if you fail, what’s next? • Be patient. Don’t use all of your money, start small. • Use Facebook, Twitter and Blackberry for your ads in the beginning. • Read a lot. The Secret is a recommended book! • Be ready. Rude customers are everywhere, so don’t be sensitive.

Amal Saif, Cherry Berry’s owner. Shatha Al Ameri/DWC

Amal Saif is a DWC Diploma graduate in Business. Her story is a bit different. “I started my business because of the economic crisis! I used to go to the office and do nothing all day because there was no work to do. So I had to think of a second income before I lost my job,” Amal said. Her business idea came from her boredom with famous name brand bags. “I wanted something new, with a different taste. I started to bring new kinds of bags from lebanon

The overall impression of the economic crisis was that everybody was losing their jobs, businesses and money. you don’t have to be smart to know that it’s dangerous to put your money into a business at this time, it’s true. But it is also true that the crisis could improve business. As many DWC entrepreneurs agreed, the economic crisis not only has a dark side to it, but a bright side as well.

The prices are going down starting with the store you will rent, the employees you will bring and the goods you will sell. you should know it’s your chance to set up your unique business.

• never be ashamed of what you do! Society appreciates and respects a successful woman. • Approach a specific target clientele and study their needs. • Things are always difficult at the beginning • Take a course in business and marketing.

50

ENVIRONMENT

Recycling is fun
Muna aBdelKarIM
For some people, recycling is a mission to accomplish. For others it is just a matter to discuss and for many it does not exist at all. It is an unfortunate fact that many of us ignore this subject, while it is one of the most sensitive issues that should concern us all. Recycling in simple terms means: waste such as glass, plastic, metal textile, electronics and paper is converted into reusable materials in order to utilize the useful materials in these products and reduce the use of energy and fresh raw materials. As a result it will reduce air and water pollution caused in manufacturing different products. Recycling facts in the UAE: The UAE is one of the leading countries taking initiatives in so many fields and one of them is the environment. In 1991 the Emirates Environmental Group, a non-government organization, started recycling and emphasized the importance of recycling for the environment. later in 2007, Bee’ah, the Sharjah Environment Company, was founded to help Sharjah City reduce its environmental footprint. However, the mission was not as successful as wasanticipated. Why? According to Bee’ah, these are the reasons: • lack of knowledge/awareness about recycling (processes involved, benefits, what happens to waste when it gets recycled, etc.) • lack of willingness: people are just not willing to put in the extra effort to recycle • lack of access to proper information about recycling, e.g. source segregation, what is recyclable, what is not recyclable (36% of the people stated this as their largest concern.) • lack of convenience – people do not have access to most of the 3 stream recyclers or they are not located in the immediate vicinity. (Over 67% of the people responded to this being their largest concern)

R
• living in a clean and healthy environment is their aim and so they made recycling a daily activity. • Considering the social and moral obligations are the main reasons to recycle. • Belief that segregation of waste is easy and a small change in someone’s behavior can result in big differences in the amount of recyclables generated.

R

R

People who do not recycle might claim they have reasons or execuses to do so, but what about the people who do recycle? let’s focus on what motivates them to recycle and learn:

Since we all want to live longer and save Earth, our only planet, we should all start recycling before it is too late. Start from in your own house. On the page you can find some great tips to start recycling.

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• Set up a recycling center in your kitchen. How? Assign carton or cardboard boxes for glass, plastic, and aluminum. Choose solid containers for glass because they are heavier. • Glass bottles and jars can be reused as containers to store food and spices or even temporary vases but remember to clean bottles properly before reusing or recycling.

In your kitchen:

• Advise children, other members in the family and housemaids about recycling. • Clean empty nail polish bottle with thinners and fill them with paint to add touchups to your paintings or fix furniture with little dings.

• Create your own compost bin out of recycled wood; it will help your garden soil to stay fertile. let’s create our own compost bin. It’s a homemade bin that will bio-degrade your waste like egg shells, raw fruit and vegetable trimmings, leaves, hair and fur, and tea bags. Step one: Get enough wood from old furniture or any recycled wood: Step two: Take some pieces of wood pallet and level them to sit under the garden soil. Let’s do it together:

• Do not throw out the water you use to boil your meat, fish, vegetables and eggs. Instead let the water cool and pour into your garden plants as soon as possible to help them grow. • Post a note in your kitchen as a reminder to recycle your waste. • Use your old clothes to make other textile items such as cushion covers and cleaning cloths. • Re-melt burned candles in an old pan and pour it into a simple small pot to reuse the candle instead of throwing it and increasing waste. In your house:

• Carton or cardboard boxes we get when we purchase electronics can be used to store old stuff such as books, magazines and toys. • Read the news online rather than taking printed copies. • Reuse carriers when you go shopping instead of getting new ones. • Bring your own mug to get coffee from your coffee shop because paper cups waste money and landfills. In your garden: Outside:

Step three: Connect the pallets with screws and make sure it is fixed properly to hold the trash.

• Old tires can be used outside as plant pots - especially for plants that like warm soil as they trap the heat. Tires are also great to create a swing for your garden.

Step four: The compost bin is ready, just waiting for you to toss the right trash and after few weeks it will degrade and benefit your garden soil. Remember to break apart the soil underneath the compost bin.

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Public suggestions to be considered by the Government: • Build recycling banks in every area to drop recycled materials. • Educate people about the importance of recycling and put up posters near all the recycling bins to explain their use. • Obligate shopkeepers and company owners to recycle all the materials and issue fines when people disobey.

Public voice:

Useful sites: http://www.recycling-guide.org.uk/

• Assign a day every year and arrange activities, competitions and events to encourage people to recycle. It is not a slogan, it is a mission. just by tossing trash in the right bin does not mean that we did the job of recycling fully. However, we can act smart and use creative ways to recycle things in our daily lives. The fun part about recycling is hidden in these tips, so be the first to implement them and encourage others if you care about the planet you live on. Check out the links below which contain useful information about recycling. Read them, follow them and share them with everyone. Have fun while recycling. Recycle creatively:

A website where you can learn the importance of recycling and read and share so many tips for recycling. http://www.recyclezone.org.uk/az_makepaper.aspx Play fun games and learn how to preserve earth: http://www.beeah-uae.com/ar/corporate/home

Tips on how to recycle: http://www.kidsrgreen.org/game.html http://www.meetthegreens.org/games/light-it-right.html Bee’ah, the Sharjah Environment Company, provides accurate information about recycling and offers many services.

Arabic Institute
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Dubai Women's College is proud to launch its 

   Offering training by professional and certified experts Non Arabic speakers: Arabic courses Arabic speakers: Personal development For more information contact: Manager: Dr. Hanan Hairab Applied Communications Program Chair Dubai Women's College arabicinstitute @hct.ac.ae, 04 2089530 ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻴﺔ- ﻣﺪﺭﺑﲔ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﲔ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻃﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ: ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻐﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫  ﻟﻠﻨﺎﻃﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ: ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻳﺔ‬   ‫ﺇﺷﺮﺍﻑ: ﺩ. ﺣﻨﺎﻥ ﺃﻣﲔ ﺣﻴﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺩﺑﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﻟﻠﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎﺭ‬  arabicinstitute @hct.ac.ae 04 2089530

54

EVENTS IN DUBAI
KHULOOD AL JASIMI

CALLIGRAPHY FOR DESIGN

Workshop leader: Majid Alyousef 4 sessions x 5 hrs/Total 20 hrs Maximum participants: 10 Saturday 22 and 29 january 5 and 12 February Part one: 10.00 – 13.00 Part two: 14.00 – 16.00 Fees: Tashkeel members: 1475 DHS per course, non-members: 1640 DHS per course

This workshop is composed of a series of lectures and hands-on tutorials that aim to develop the basic skills of calligraphy and explore the usage of calligraphy in design context and applications.

http://tashkeel.org/En/Workshop_Detail.aspx?Type=C&ID=101

ABRAAj CAPITAL ART PRIzE

Curators’ applications accepted from january 1 – 31, 2011 Artists’ applications accepted from February 1 – April 30, 2011 www.abraajcapitalartprize.com

“Eat when you can, Sleep when you can” 15th of january-8th of March 2011 Philip Mueller’s first international solo exhibition. Mobile 1: +971 50 464 43 92 Mobile 2 :+971 50 873 96 23 Email: info@carbon12dubai.com

ART EXHBTIONS

http://www.carbon12dubai.com/exhibitions. php?id=00001158237287704515

Book Reviews
‫حمده في القصة تطرح تساؤالت وتلتفت‬ ‫حولها محاولة فهم ما يدور من تصرفات أو‬ ‫من كالم غريب تسمعه. تدور القصة حول‬ ،‫أمور عديدة منها احترام الوالدين، احلب، الزواج‬ .‫التعايش مع احلياة‬ ‫مزجت الكاتبة في ”عيناك يا حمده“ بني‬ .‫األسلوب الروائي وكتابة اخلواطر‬ ‫عيناك يا حمده قصة تدور حول عادات وتقاليد‬ ‫إماراتية عبر أحداث واقعية وقضايا اجتماعية‬ .‫مثل التفرقة بني املولود األنثى أو الذكر‬

‫عيناك يا حمده‬ ‫الكاتبة: آمنة املنصوري‬

Cleopatra the Great tells the story of a turbulent time and the extraordinary woman at its centre. It describes what her life really was and how she became a Queen, her beauty, and her goddess outfits and hairstyles. The author talks about the great power the last Egyptian Pharaoh possessed and how she revived and ruled Egypt. The book is considered the first major biography of Cleopatra’s real life introducing details that are based on history rather than Hollywood’s versions of her life and accomplishments.

CLEOPATRA THE GREAT By By jOAnn FlETCHER

،‫وأخذت سبيلها في القراءة الكتشاف احلياة‬ ‫كما أنها مرت مبراحل جتعلها تغير تفكيرها‬ .‫ونظرتها إلى نفسها و اآلخرين‬

The 7 Habits of Happy Kids is a family book of stories that carry morals and will teach children to be responsible, respectful, work in a team and solve their own problems. This book could be used for both adults and kids; it has a fun way of learning values. The seven habits are listed: you are in charge; have a plan; work first, then play; everyone can win; listen before you talk; together is better; and balance feels best. The stories are well-illustrated and can be used in schools

THE 7 HABITS OF HAPPy KIDS By SEAn COvEy

56

Book Reviews

by Magrudy’s

Set in 1950s Sudan, Lyrics Alley is the story of the powerful Abuzied dynasty. With Mahmood Bey at its helm, the family can do no wrong. But when Mahmood’s son, Nur - the brilliant, charming heir to his business empire - suffers a near-fatal accident, his hopes of university and a glittering future are dashed. As British rule is coming to an end, and the country is torn between modernising influences and the call of traditions past, the family is divided. Moving from the villages of Sudan to cosmopolitan Cairo and a decimated postcolonial Britain, this is a sweeping tale of loss, faith and reconciliation.

Lyrics Alley Aboulela

Married to a Bedouin Maguerite van Geldermalsen

new zealand born nurse Marguerite van Geldermalsen first visited the lost city Petra in 1978. But little did Maguerite know she was about to meet the man she would marry, the charismatic Mohammad Othman, a Bedouin craftsman of the Manajah tribe. A life with Mohammad meant moving into his ancient cave and learning to love the regular tasks of baking shrak bread on an open fire and collecting water from the spring. But as Marguerite feels herself becoming part of the Bedouin community, she is thankful for the twist in fate that has led her to this contented life.

Three Cups of Tea Greg Mortenson

In 1993, after a terrifying and disastrous attempt to climb K2, a mountaineer called Greg Mortenson drifted, cold and dehydrated, into an impoverished Pakistan village in the Karakoram Mountains. Moved by the inhabitants’ kindness, he promised to return and build a school. Three Cups of Tea is the story of that promise. Over the next decade Mortenson built fifty-five schools - especially for girls - in remote villages of Pakistan and Afghanistan, just as the Taliban rose to power. His story is at once a testament to the power of the humanitarian spirit

57 48

INTERNET CAFé KHULOOD AL jASIMI
Mosaicglobe A website where you can create your own online portfolio. you can create your own website that includes multiple pages, galleries, blogs, audio, email and great website templates.
http://www.mosaicglobe.com/

En.wikibooks

The website is a collection of books that you can read online, write and edit. It also includes about 2,397 books with 35,688 pages.

http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Main_Page

How to do things

A website that can help you learn, improve and enjoy your favorite hobbies in the different categories and by links, articles, popular content and popular searches.
http://www.howtodothings.com/hobbies

58

BUQSHA
Khulood al JaSIMI
We chose to call this section ‘Buqsha’ (see below for meaning) as it will be dedicated to exploring various elements of emirati culture and traditions.

Pearls

Pearls are hard shiny surfaced objects taken from living shelled molluscs. Carbonate is the tiny crystalline form that the pearls are made of. There are different types of pearls with different colors. The most expensive pearl is the natural one. Pearls are popular in making jewelry. Aljyon ‫اجليـون‬ ْ Considered one of the best types of pearl known for its pure white color. It has smooth sides and contains a proportion of water. It has a round shape and is free from defects and fractures. yukka ‫اليكة‬ ّ Ranks second in terms of quality and purity. In term of form, it has a semicircular form that is compared to the moon on the 13th day of its cycle, before forming into a perfect circle.

Buqsha: an old word used to describe a square shaped piece of cloth. It was used to carry various items such as groceries, clothes and other items.

‫معنى بقشه: هي الصرة من القماش وتكون قطعه مربعه‬ .‫توضع بها املالبس قدميا‬

Alcoloy ‫القولوى‬ Different from other pearl types due to color purity that usually reflects a shade of blue or red.

Albadlah ‫البدلة‬ Has a lower quality in comparison to the Alcoloy and it has two types, the first degree and second degree. It varies in size; some are small and some are large and irregular in shape. It also reflects a blue shade. Sijnni ‫سجني‬ ْ looks like a dove egg in color and shape, some are long and others are short, and sometimes it reflects a blue shade. Ana’ema ‫الناّعمة‬ One of the rare types of pearls, it ranks very low in quality among other pearls. It is usually used as a treatment for some diseases, by grinding it as soft sand grains. AlBuqah ‫االبوكة‬ ُ Similar to sand grains, it is used as eyeliner (kohl) and as treatment for the eyes as well. Some say it is edible.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl http://www.zayedworld.ae/vb/showthread.php?t=8347

ْ AlKhashrah ْ ‫اخل ْشرة‬ Ranks as the lowest in quality among other pearl types, due to its imperfections. It is usually sold wholesale, at a relatively low price.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/af/White_pearl_necklace.jpg

59

Emarati perfume. Khulood Al jasimi/DWC

Emirati Proverbs

‫سيل ما يبلك ، ما يهمــك‬ Selen ma yablik , ma yhmk “Torrent that’s not in your way, doesn’t wet you” When it’s raining in another country, you gain nothing. It means other peoples’ problems are not your business, so you should not worry about them or interfere in other peoples’ business.

‫من طلع من داره قل مقداره‬ Min talaa’ min dara qal mqdara “East or West .. Home is the Best.” Wherever you go, your home is the most comfortable place to you.

‫اللي ما يعرفك ما يثمنك‬ Ely mayaarfik ma ythmnik “Those who don’t know you don’t give you value.” People, who don’t know you well, don’t appreciate you. ‫الفضول قتل العيوز‬ Al fthool qital AL Ayooz “Curiosity kills the old lady.” Do not be too curious about other’s affairs.
http://www.zayedworld.ae/vb/showthread.php?t=13723

‫إذا ما طاعك الزمان طيعه‬ Etha ma taek al zman teaa’ “If time doesn’t obey you, obey it.” Go with the flow and accept changes happening around you.

‫06‬
‫ويرى خليفة مطر، ٠٣ عاما، موظف في بنك‬ ‫اإلمارات، بأن العمل والتكافؤ اجلماعي من‬ ‫الطرفني أفضل من العمل الفردي من ناحية اإلجناز‬ ‫و السرعة، في حني أن سميرة محمد، ٤٢ عام ًا،‬ ‫موظفة في إحدى الدوائر اخلاصة، تقول:“تخلي‬ ‫الزوج عن أداء مسؤولياته جتعل نظرة أبنائه دونية له‬ ‫في املستقبل"، و أوضحت بأن ال مانع من مشاركة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫الزوجة العاملة مادي ًا قليال.‬ ‫إن األسرة واملؤسسات التعليمية واإلعالم واإلنترنت‬ ‫واملؤسسة الدينية تلعب دورا فعاال حول تغيير هذه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الظاهرة،عبر التنسيق الفعال لتغيير سلوك الفرد إلى‬ ‫األفضل. واجلدير بالذكر أن هذا ال يكفي، إذ يجب‬ ‫ً‬ ‫على الفرد السعي وراء تغىير ذاته بنفسه أوال بإعادة‬ ‫االعتبار لشرط الكفاءة كشرط أساسي من شروط‬ ‫الزواج وسد باب االستغالل لبناء حياة زوجية مبنية‬ ‫على أسس صحيحة من الناحية الدينية والثقافية‬ ‫والسلوكية،‬ ‫إن الفرد اإليجابي نواة في أسرة إيجابية وبالضرورة‬ ‫فإن هذا يقود إلى مجتمع إيجابي يحقق شروط‬ ‫العدالة ويعلي الفضيلة وميشي على منهج اإلحسان‬ ‫وحسن املعاملة‬ ‫يقول الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم: " الدين املعاملة،‬ ‫إن الله ال ينظر إلى صوركم وال إلى أجسامكم ولكن‬ ‫ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم."‬ ‫و الشيكات وقد تدخل السجن إن لم يعد لديها‬ ‫رصيد، ومن ثم يذهب للتعرف على أخريات، وأكد مما‬ ‫يؤدي إلى الطالق وكثرة املشاكل والصراعات النفسية‬ ‫وانعكاسها على نفسية أطفالها واخللل األسري في‬ ‫مسألة القوامة.‬ ‫بالنظر إلى االستفتاءات التي أجرتها صحفيات‬ ‫مجلة فجر الصحراء على فئة عشوائية من املجتمع‬ ‫املواطن ملعرفة رأي الناس حول موضوع اعتماد‬ ‫الزوج على الزوجة ودرجة تقبلهم لفكرة نشرالتوعية‬ ‫املجتمعية حول هذا املوضوع، فقد تبني أن %05 من‬ ‫الفئة العمرية ما بني 02 و03 تؤيد الزواج من امرأة‬ ‫أكثر تفوق ًا من الزوج من الناحية العلمية والثقافية،‬ ‫ونسبة %02 من الفئة ذاتها تؤيد بأن املسؤول عن‬ ‫االحتياجات املنزلية اليومية هو كال الزوج العامل‬ ‫والزوجة العاملة. في حني أن نسبة %02 من نفس‬ ‫الفئة العمرية يرفضون االعتماد على زوجاتهم‬ ‫العامالت.‬ ‫عذيجة عبدالله، ٤٣ عاما، موظفة في إحدى الدوائر‬ ‫احلكومية، إحدى النساء الالتي يعشن هذه املعاناة،‬ ‫حيث تقول " أعيش هذه املعاناة منذ ما يزيد على‬ ‫السنتني، وأنا عاجزة عن تغيير هذه االتكالية ولكن‬ ‫ما باليد حيلة." و تشدد عذيجة على أهمية اختيار‬ ‫الفتاة الزوج غير االتكالي. باملقابل سالمة عمر،‬ ‫امرأة تبلغ من العمر ٩٢ عاما، تعمل في جتارتها‬ ‫اخلاصة، تقول " أنا مجبرة على العمل بسب تكاسل‬ ‫زوجي في الدور االقتصادي، وإال فسوف أكون‬ ‫معرضة للضرب بغير رحمة."‬ ‫والنسب، واإلخالل بهذه الشروط وعدم االهتمام‬ ‫بها يضعف هذه الكفاءة. ويؤكد نور أن مسألة‬ ‫الكفاءة هذه حصل فيها نوع اخللل وأن املتزوجني‬ ‫بدؤوا يغضون الطرف عن حقوقهم في مجتمعنا في‬ ‫هذه األيام. ويضيف قائال "يعتبر الضمير غائبا في‬ ‫مجتمعنا احلالي لعدم اخلوف من الله لقلة الوازع‬ ‫الديني والطمع واجلشع املسيطر،حيث تصلنا ستني‬ ‫إلى سبعني حالة شهر ًيا وذلك بسبب رفقاء السوء‬ ‫الذين يحرضون الزوج على زوجته العاملة ، وهم على‬ ‫دراية بأن املرأة تريد الستر واألمان وتخاف العنوسة‬ ‫والطالق،لهذا تتنازل وتتغاضى عن حقوقها، ويزيد‬ ‫هذا بعد مرور فترة من الزواج حيث متر الفترة األولى‬ ‫من الزواج بسالم غالبا.‬ ‫ويؤكد نور أنه "يجب تربية أبنائنا وبناتنا على مفهوم‬ ‫الزواج الشرعي مبفهومه االجتماعي الراقي، فالله‬ ‫خلقنا ملهام كثيرة وليس فقط للزواج، فالزواج سنة‬ ‫من سنن الكون وسنة من سنن اخللق، فينبغي تطوير‬ ‫ثقافة مجتمعنا، حيث أن اإلنسان يجب أن يعيش‬ ‫حياة كرمية وليس بانتظار الزواج فقط." فإن اتباع‬ ‫الشرع وتعاليم الشرع يحقق حماية لإلنسان سواء‬ ‫للرجل أو املرأة، وللمرأة خصوص ًا. ويعقب نور بأن‬ ‫أسباب اتكالية الزوج على زوجته واستغالله لها‬ ‫من الناحية املادية تعود غالبا إلى ارتفاع تكاليف‬ ‫املعيشة وقد تكون املرأة أحيانا هي السبب، حيث‬ ‫أنها تساعده أحيانا على استغالله لها بتصرفاتها‬ ‫وتشجيعها حتى يرى بأنه حق مكتسب، ومتتد عينه‬ ‫ألكثر،ويزداد طمعه ويتجاهل ويتناسى مسؤولياته،‬ ‫فمنهن من تشتري له العقارات فيورطها في القروض‬

‫رسم بياني يوضح عدد حاالت الطالق. (تصميم ميرة الفالسي و شما املنصوري/كلية دبي للطالبات)‬

‫التحقيقات الصحفية‬
‫هذا األمر غريب على مجتمعنا في األصل وما‬ ‫يزال في حدود ضيقة، لكن هناك حاالت أخرى‬ ‫يكون فيها الرجل مهمال اتكاليا لكن املرأة تضطر‬ ‫للعيش معه حياة في مشقة و تعب و تبادل في‬ ‫األدوار فتكون هي الرجل الذي يوفر مستلزمات‬ ‫األسرة و يلبي طلبات األوالد و املنزل. رجل كهذا‬ ‫إذا استسلمت له املرأة و رضخت حلياته واتكاليته‬ ‫فإن احلال سيستمر، وبالتأكيد فإن هذا في النهاية‬ ‫يعتمد على قوة شخصية املرأتة أو ضعفها. أما‬ ‫الرجل الشرقي احلقيقي فهو املعتدل الذي يحقق‬ ‫أهدف الزواج الصحيح و بالتالي يتحمل مسؤوليات‬ ‫البيت و األسرة و األوالد و تعيش معه املرأة معززة‬ ‫مكرمة سعيدة بل ومن املمكن أن تتحمل معه بعض‬ ‫املسؤوليات املادية وهي راضية النفس ملا تتلقاه من‬ ‫زوجها من حب و تفاهم.‬ ‫من املهم إدراك املرأة و الرجل ألهمية التكافؤ في‬ ‫املستوى التعليمي، يقول جابر أحمد نور، مرشد‬ ‫استشارات دينية أسرية في دائرة الشؤون اإلسالمية و‬ ‫العمل اخليري في دبي: “عندما يكون الرجل متزوجا‬ ‫من امرأة متاثله شهادة وكفاءة أو رمبا تقل عنه فإنه‬ ‫لن يحس بنقص أو الضغينة ألنها تساويه بالعلم‬ ‫أو الفكر، في حني إذا تزوج من امرأة تفوقه كفاءة‬ ‫وخبرة فسوف يتولد لديه إحساس باحلقد والضغينة‬ ‫واحلساسية املفرطة، وقد تنظر إليه زوجته نظرة دونية‬ ‫في بعض األحيان.” نوه جابر بأن هذا اإلحساس‬ ‫بالنقص قد يتفاقم عند الرجل فيخفيه باستخدام‬ ‫وسائل مختلفة "كالضرب أو الطرد؛ ألنه تعطيه‬ ‫اإلحساس بالرجولة."‬ ‫واجلدير بالذكر أن املرأة الواعية لدورها في احلياة‬ ‫الزوجية عليها أن حتسن اختيار الزوج وأن تبتعد عن‬ ‫الرجل االتكالي في األمور املادية في احلياة الزوجية،‬ ‫حيث تقول د. مرمي مطر، مؤسس ورئيس مجلس‬ ‫إدارة جمعية اإلمارات لألمراض اجلينية: "هناك فرق‬ ‫بني الذكر والرجل احلقيقي، وعلى املرأة اليوم أن‬ ‫تكون امرأة حقيقية مثقفة قوية تثبت نفسها و تتقوى‬ ‫بقوة الرجل املوجود إلى جانبها، عليها أن حتسن‬ ‫االختيار." ويوافقها في الرأي جابر حيث يقول "من‬ ‫املهم أن تكون املرأة ذات شخصية قوية تدرك أهمية‬ ‫دورها في احلياة الزوجية وما لها وما عليها، وإال‬ ‫فسوف يستغلها الزوج االتكالي "‬ ‫وفي اجلانب اآلخر، نوه أحمد املهيري، املدير التنفيذي‬ ‫في قطاع التطوير والتخطيط االجتماعي في دبي،‬ ‫أن استغالل املرأة مادي ًا ال يكون إال في حال قبول‬ ‫الطرفني، حيث يؤكد "الرجال بشكل عام في مجتمعنا‬ ‫ليس بنيتهم االعتماد على زوجاتهم العامالت و لكن‬ ‫القصد على األغلب املشاركة واملناصفة على اعتبار‬ ‫أن اليد الواحدة ال تصفق كما هو متعارف عليه."‬ ‫وقد وضع اإلسالم شروطا للزواج حتض على مبدأ‬ ‫الكفاءة في احلياة الزوجية، ككفاءة املادة والعلم‬

‫16‬

‫مشاركة أم اتكالية؟!‬
‫ميرة الفالسي و شما املنصوري‬

‫الزوج يجبر زوجته على إعطائه املال؟ (تصميم وفاء املرزوقي/كلية دبي للطالبات)‬

‫القيمة وفق راتبها ؟ هل أصبحت الزوجة العاملة‬ ‫الصراف اآللي للزوج؟ ملاذا انعكست اآلية وأصبحت‬ ‫املرأة هي املسؤولة عن احتياجات املنزل بدل الرجل؟‬ ‫ليس بغريب أن جند فئات قليلة في املجتمع تنحرف‬ ‫في مفهومها عن الزواج مبفهومه االجتماعي الراقي‬ ‫الذي يقوم على املودة والرحمة، إلى مفهوم مادي‬ ‫ووسيلة للغنى واالتكالية، حيث يشبِع الرجل رغباته‬ ‫و يحقق أهدافه براحة ودون عناء وبعد أن يصل إلى‬ ‫االكتفاء وتتوسع دائرة أمالكه يكشف الوجه احلقيقي‬ ‫له فيتجاهل املرأة و يهملها حيث لم يعد بحاجة‬ ‫إليها، أكد السيد معاذ هاشم حسن، مندوب محام‬ ‫واستشاري قانوني في إدارة األحوال الشخصية في‬ ‫محاكم دبي بأن مثل هذه القضايا انتشرت وبكثرة‬ ‫في اآلونة األخيرة حيث " يأتينا يومي ًا ما يعادل سبع‬ ‫وثالثون قضية حول استغالل الزوج لزوجته العاملة‬ ‫مادي ًا.”‬

‫راشد مواطن إماراتي ٣٣ سنة وسيم، طويل القامة،‬ ‫معروف بتأنقه املفرط، محبوب لدى الناس ومعروف‬ ‫بسمعته الطبية وكرمه الفائق، واقف في مكتب‬ ‫عقارات يقع في شارع الشيخ زايد محاط بعدد كبير‬ ‫من كبار الشخصيات الذين ميتلكون عددا من األبراج‬ ‫الواقعة في نفس الشارع في إمارة دبي. ينتهي عمله‬ ‫الرسمي، يتوجه إلى خدمة صف السيارات الستالم‬ ‫سيارته الروز رويز. وهو في انتظار وصول سيارته‬ ‫يلقى القبض عليه من قبل رجل التحري الذي كان‬ ‫بانتظاره خاراج ًا منع ًا إلحراجه أمام زبائنه وموظفيه‬ ‫يأخذه إلى مركز الشرطة بسبب تهربه منهم منذ ستة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أشهر لتخلفه عن دفع معاشات موظفيه، قائال: “ ال‬ ‫أستطيع دفع رواتبهم الشهرية ألنني أفلست وأنتظر‬ ‫راتب زوجتي.”‬ ‫بدأت في مجتمعنا ظاهرة استغالل الزوج لزوجته‬ ‫العاملة مادي ًا، فهل أصبح مفهوم الزواج جتارة لدى‬ ‫الرجال والنساء؟ هل أصبحت املرأة سلعة محددة‬

‫26‬

‫جامعي،" لم أحضر قط أي حصص تربية بدنية‬ ‫في مراحل دراستي، وغالب ًا ماكانت تستبدل من‬ ‫قبل مدرسي املواد األخرى ". ويضيف على ذلك"‬ ‫أصبحت ممارسة الرياضة في الطابور الصباحي طريقة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫بدائية، حيث ميارسها الطالب مجبورا مظهرا التسيب‬ ‫واإلهمال والالمباالة".‬ ‫وتعقيب ًا على ذلك يقول أستاذ التربية البدنية سامر‬ ‫الهاللي " إن التربية البدنية تعمل على تهيئة مناخ‬ ‫صحي للطالب مما يبعده عن اللجوء إلى العنف اجتاه‬ ‫اآلخرين" ويضيف عاتب ًا" إن غياب األدوات يقلص‬ ‫من اهتمام الطالب في االلتزام باحلضور وعزوفه عن‬ ‫حصص الرياضة".‬ ‫اجتمع غالبية أولياء االمور والطلبة والتربويني في‬ ‫اقتراحاتهم وكانت نسبة تتعدى %08، على أنهم‬ ‫يفضلون أن تكون مناهج التربية البدنية والفنية‬ ‫ً‬ ‫واملوسيقية وغيرها من األنشطة موادا اختيارية، وذلك‬ ‫بوجود معايير تهدف إلى حتسني التنافس بني الطلبة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وحتديد ميولهم وقراراتهم، بحيث يصبح قادرا على‬ ‫فهم واستيعاب سوق العمل املستقبلية، مبا في ذلك‬ ‫االلتزام للوصول إلى مستوى الدول املتقدمة.‬

‫اليوم" في مارس والذي أكدته املديرة التنفيذية‬ ‫للشؤون التعليمية ومديرة إراة الترخيص واالعتماد‬ ‫األكادميي في وزارة التربية، شيخة راشد الشامسي،‬ ‫أنه مت إعداد دراسة إلعادة حصص التربية املوسيقية‬ ‫إلى املدراس وذلك وفق ًا للخطة االستراتيجية للتعليم‬ ‫0202-0102، الفتة إلى أن الدولة لديها اهتمام‬ ‫بالفنون في شتى مجاالتها، حيث تتضمن اخلطة‬ ‫تفعيل دور األنشطة الالصفية في تنمية ذاكرة‬ ‫الطالب ورفع احلس اإلبداعي لديه وضبط سلوكهم‬ ‫وانفعاالتهم".‬ ‫%51 من املعلمني متفائلني بهذه الدراسة ويعتقدون‬ ‫بأن ذلك سوف يكون في صالح الطالب منن حيث‬ ‫اإلبداع، ولكن نصطدم بآراء بعض اآلباء بني التأييد‬ ‫واملعارضة على وجود التربيه املوسيقية، نسبة ال‬ ‫تتجاوز %05 تعترض على وجود النشاط املوسيقي‬ ‫ضمن املنهاج ،حيث اختلفت األسباب ومنها أنها‬ ‫تتعارض مع القيم الدينية وآخر أنه قد يحدث خلط‬ ‫بني املوسيقى املسموحة وغير مسموحة لدى ذهن‬ ‫الطالب، حيث ترى آمنه املطروشي،ربة بيت، " أن‬ ‫تدني مستوى الطالب سببه توجهه ملثل هذه األنشطة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫التي قد ال تنفعه مستقبال" معللة أنها قد تؤدي إلى‬ ‫ظهور سلوكيات سلبية على الصعيد املهني، وركزت‬ ‫على أن التربية املوسيقية ال بد من أن تقدم بصورة‬ ‫صحيحة حتافظ على التراث الشعبي لإلمارات".‬ ‫ومن جانب آخر يؤيدها الرأي محمد الراشدي، 04‬ ‫سنة، موظف، فيقول" البد وجود هذا املنهج ضمن‬ ‫املقررخصوص ًا إذا كانت حتتوي على أناشيد إسالمية‬ ‫وشعبية حتافظ على تهذيب سلوك الطالب وترسيخ‬ ‫الهوية الوطنية في ذاته".‬ ‫لكن الواقع الذي يعيشه الطالب في املدارس مختلف‬ ‫متام ًا، واحلقيقة التي ال ميكن جتاهلها أن اإلدارة‬ ‫املدرسية ال تأخذ هذه األنشطة الصفية على محمل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اجلد، تقول مرمي آل علي، طالبة في املرحلة الثانوية،‬ ‫" على الرغم من وجود املنهج في اجلدول الدراسي‬ ‫األسبوعي إال إنه غير منفذ من قبل اإلدراة أو‬ ‫املعلم"، موضحة أن من السهولة دائما استبدال مواد‬ ‫أخرى بفصل التربية الفنية!‬

‫هي نتيجة اليوم الدراسي الطويل الذي يؤدي إلى‬ ‫مخرجات أقل كفاءة من الطالب واملعلم على حد‬ ‫سواء.‬ ‫لألسف ال تتم تنمية مهارات الطالب بصورة صحيحة‬ ‫في املرحلة من رياض األطفال وحتى الثانوية العامة‬ ‫وهنا تكمن الفجوة بني املرحلتني وأحد أسبابها "أنه‬ ‫ال يوجد تركيز على األنشطة الالصفية في املدراس‬ ‫الثانوية احلكومية" كما ذكرت، نادية هادي، أستاذة‬ ‫التربية الفنية، وأضافت "أنه نتيجة للروتني اململ‬ ‫الذي يعيشة الطالب ضمن كثافة املواد العلمية".‬ ‫وهي ال تنكر وجود مناهج بالغة األهمية ضمن‬ ‫ً‬ ‫املنهاج الدراسي الثانوي، ولكن من املهم جدا أن‬ ‫يحفز الطالب على تفريغ طاقاته من خالل أنشطة‬ ‫مدرسية"، ووضحت أن الطالب ميكنه استغالل‬ ‫ذلك في سلوك تربوي نافع في مرحلته األخيرة من‬ ‫الدراسة.‬ ‫من خالل االستبانات التي وزعت على عينة من‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫املدارس الثانوية احلكومية لوحظ بأن %04 من‬ ‫الطلبة املتفوقني يعتبون على ضعف أداء املدارس‬ ‫احلكومية في االهتمام مبناهج التريبة الفنية‬ ‫واملوسيقية من ناحية عدم جاهزية احتياجات هذه‬ ‫الفصول ملمارسات النشاط ، بينما %06 من‬ ‫الطلية يعتقدون أن املدرسة هي املسؤول األول في‬ ‫عدم تأهيلهم ملهارات مابعد التخرج في ظل غياب‬ ‫األنشطة املدرسيه السابقة الذكر.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫في مقال نشرته صحيفة البيان وحتديدا في عام‬ ‫9002 أن دولة اإلمارات شهدت محافل ثقافية‬ ‫عديدة، والتي تضمنت معارض ومسابقات‬ ‫ومهرجانات وملتقيات في نفس السنة ، وذلك‬ ‫يعكس اهتمام الدولة بكافة اإلبداعات في مجاالت‬ ‫الفنون بأنواعها، ويقام على غرار ذلك مسابقات‬ ‫محلية على مستوى الدولة كجائزة الشيخة منال‬ ‫للفنون ومسابقات في املسرح والشعر واألفالم‬ ‫السينمائية على املستوى اخلليجي والعاملي، باإلضافة‬ ‫إلى تنمية التراث الشعبي من خالل احملافل التي‬ ‫تقيمها الدولة لالرتقاء بالهوية الوطنية. وهنا يكمن‬ ‫السؤال هل سوف تسهم املدارس الثانوية "احلكومية"‬ ‫في ذلك؟ وهل سيتم تأهيل الطالب ملثل هذه احملافل‬ ‫التي تقام في الدولة من خالل املدرسة؟‬ ‫من ذلك نأتي إلى التصريح الذي نشرته "اإلمارات‬

‫التربية البدنية تهذب سلوك الطالب.‬ ‫(تصوير نهى حسن/كلية دبي للطالبات)‬

‫وكذلك احلال بالنسبة للتربية البدنية، حيث أن نسبة‬ ‫كبيرة من الطالب ال يحبذون االلتزام بفصل التربية‬ ‫البدنية، حيث يقول أحمد إبراهيم، 22 سنة،طالب‬

‫36‬

‫مناهج دراسية بني اجلمود واإلبداع‬
‫تريد أن تصبح عندما تكبر؟. وأضافت "إن املرحلة‬ ‫األولى من عمر الطفل ال تقل أهمية عن املرحلة‬ ‫األخيرة وهي الثانوية العامة"، حيث تفترض أنه يجب‬ ‫أن يكون هناك ترابط بني املراحل الدراسية للطالب‬ ‫من حيث املنهاج املدرسي لتهيئيته تدريجي ًا للتعلم.‬ ‫وأكدت أن غياب مناهج التربية املوسيقية والفنية‬ ‫والبدنية على حساب مناهج أخرى، أدى إلى حدوث‬ ‫فجوة عند الطالب بني مرحلة الصف السابع حتى‬ ‫ً‬ ‫الثاني عشر، قائلة: " إن غياب هذه املناهج يؤثر‬ ‫بشكل سلبي في تنمية قدرات الطالب وإبداعاته‬ ‫وتهيئته للحياة املهنية في ظل تكدس املناهج‬ ‫وكثافتها"، وتستنتج د. علياء بأن ذلك أيض ًا‬ ‫يؤثر على سلوك الطالب وعدم استقراره نفسي ًا.‬ ‫وقد وأضافت بأن انتقال الطالب من االبتدائية إلى‬ ‫اإلعدادية يحتاج إلى تهيئة تدريجية مدروسة من‬ ‫خالل تواجد مناهج فعالة تسهم في صقل شخصية‬ ‫الطالب وضبط سلوكه، وكذلك حني يصل إلى مجال‬ ‫مفتوح كاجلامعة فيجد فيه شمولية املعلومات‬ ‫وحتمل املسؤولية الذاتيه ومحاضرات وانضباط ذاتي‬ ‫واستقاللية، إذ ال ينبغي أن يكون ذلك فجائي ًا بل‬ ‫يفترض أن يتم بشكل تدريجي.‬ ‫من جانبه يضيف املوجه التربوي إبراهيم صالح‬ ‫جويعد، "أن العوامل املساعدة في حتديد ميول‬ ‫الطالب مفقودة في املدارس احلكومية ألنه ينتقل‬ ‫بشكل فجائي إلى اجلامعة دون تهيئة من املدرسة"،‬ ‫وكخطوة لتهيئته ينبغي اإلبقا على هذه املناهج ضمن‬ ‫مقرر الدراسة في جميع املراحل، ودعم بكالمه بأنه"‬ ‫البد من وجود مهارات تساعد الطالب في هذه اخلطوة‬ ‫االنتقالية والتي تكمن في األساليب اإلبداعية التي‬ ‫يقدمها التربويون في تقدمي مواد النشاط". موضح ًا‬ ‫ً‬ ‫بذلك أن الطالب سيصبح قادرا على حتديد أهدافه‬ ‫في اختيار تخصصه في دراسته العليا والتعرف على‬ ‫حقول العمل بعد التخرج.‬ ‫وتستمر السنة الدراسية في املدراس الثانوية‬ ‫احلكومية على هذا النمط متمثلة بأيام دراسية‬ ‫ً‬ ‫طويلة علمية وأدبية، تشكل عبئ ًا ثقيال على‬ ‫الطالب واملعلم، في الوقت الذي يفترض فيه أن‬ ‫تكون املدرسة بيئة توفر العلم واالستمتاع في الوقت‬ ‫نفسه، حيث إن تزاحم املواد وكثافتها يفقد الطالب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫حيويته وجاهزيته ملمارسة األنشطة الصفية، نعم هذه‬

‫نهى حسن‬

‫عازفة صغيرة خالل فصل التربية املوسيقية. (تصوير نهى حسن/كلية دبي للطالبات)‬

‫التربية املوسيقية والفنية والبدنية واملهارات احلياتية‬ ‫األخرى، وحني يجتاز الطالب املراحل األولى ينتقل‬ ‫إلى مراحل تعليمية أعلى تبدأ فيها هذه املناهج‬ ‫احليوية بالتالشي ملصلحة ما يعد منهجا أكثر أهمية‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وصوال للمرحلة الثانوية في املدراس احلكومية، حيث‬ ‫احملطة األهم واألخيرة للطالب حيث تختفي املناهج‬ ‫الفنية تقريبا.‬ ‫عبر برنامج األثير الصباحي على إذاعة الشارقة‬ ‫وفي موضوع يناقش حب العلم والتعلم استضيفت،‬ ‫د.علياء إبراهيم، االستشارية األسرية والشخصية،‬ ‫والتي أكدت بدورها أن شخصية الطفل تبدأ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫بالتشكل بدءا من املرحلة االبتدائية وفي مرحلة‬ ‫السؤال وعندما يبحث الطفل عن إجابة سؤال ماذا‬

‫بابتسامة بريئة قالت" أريد أن أصبح رسامة‬ ‫مشهورة!" هكذا كان رد الطفلة عائشة- ذات‬ ‫اخلمس سنوات- على والدتها مباتريد أن تصبح عليه‬ ‫في املستقبل،. وكما هو معروف أن كل فرد في‬ ‫مجتمعه يحمل أهدافا وطموحات تبدأ على مقاعد‬ ‫الدراسة للوصول إلى احللم، هنالك يأمل الطالب أن‬ ‫يحقق مايصبو إليه ضمن مناهج تسهم في تطوير‬ ‫ذاته، وخصوص ًا في املراحل الدراسية األولى أو‬ ‫ما يسمى بـ"احللقة األولى" وحتى الصف السادس‬ ‫حيث يتمركز اإلبداع في تلك املراحل، وينطلق فيها‬ ‫الطفل والطالب بطاقاته اإلبداعية ببراعة، ويتميز‬ ‫بسلوكيات إيجابية، فيتعرف على األلوان واآلالت‬ ‫املوسيقية وغيرها من املناهج التي تلعب دورا أساسي ًا‬ ‫في تنميته وتكسر الروتني الدراسي، من خالل مناهج‬

Be Creative
located at Dubai Women’s College For more information, please contact: Ahlam Al Bannai - Comco Manager comco@hct.ac.ae

Providing Media Production, Photography, Graphic Design, PR, and Technical Workshops services.

Fraser MacDonald - Comco Coordinator fraser.macdonald@hct.ac.ae 04-2089390

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‫اجلنسية اإلماراتية لالستفادة من املزايا التي تقدمها‬ ‫الدولة ملواطنيها، وذكرت وزارة الداخلية في بيان‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫خاص أن أفراد الفئتني الثانية والثالثة من عدميي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اجلنسية تقدّ موا بطلبات للحصول على جنسية دولة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جزر القمر، متهيدً ا لتعديل أوضاعهم القانونية في‬ ‫الدولة لتمكينهم فيما بعد من احلصول على اجلنسية‬ ‫اإلماراتية، وذلك مبوجب اتفاقية أبرمتها حكومة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الدولة مع حكومة جزر القمر، وتقتضي هذه االتفاقية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مبنح « البدون » جنسية جزر القمر ليصبح وجودهم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في الدولة قانوني ًا على األقل، كما طلب الفريق‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫سمو الشيخ سيف بن زايد آل نهيان، وزير الداخلية،‬ ‫منحهم إقامات، وإعفاءهم من جميع الغرامات‬ ‫املترتبة عليهم، تقديرا ملبادرتهم التي تؤكد حسن‬ ‫ً‬ ‫النية اجتاه احترام سيادة القانون وإرادة املجتمع.‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وتأمل احلكومة اإلماراتية بحل نهائي لهذه املعضلة‬ ‫التاريخية التي امتدّ ت ما يقارب أربعة عقود‬ ‫وأصبحت ملف ًا شائك ًا مبرور الزمن، ولكنّها بدأت‬ ‫فعلي ًا مبعاجلتها عندما أعلنت في أكتوبر 7002‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫م وبشكل رسمي، جتنيس 4921 فردا ممّن ينتمون‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫إلى 692 أسرة، ممّا أنهى بالتالي معاناة الكثير من‬ ‫هذه األسر، واستكمال دراسة حاالت البقية واتخاذ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اإلجراءات والقرارات الالزمة بشأنهم سيعني املضي‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫قدُ م ًا في حتقيق املصالح األمنية واالجتماعية للدولة.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ويبدو أن حكومة دولة اإلمارات تبذل جهودا كبيرة‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ملعاجلة هذه القضية في ظل ظهور إشكاليات صعبت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وتس ّببت في تأخير معاجلة القضية طوال السنوات‬ ‫املاضية، وكنتيجة لذلك أصبح من الصعب حصر‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مستحقي اجلنسية من « البدون »، فحسب جريدة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشرق األوسط، فإنّ اللجنة املك ّلفة بدراسة ملفّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫القضية كشفت ظهور عدة حاالت من التزوير‬ ‫والتالعب باألوراق الثبوتية إلى جانب إدالء البعض‬ ‫مبعلومات غير صحيحة بغرض احلصول على جنسية‬ ‫الدولة، وتضيف اجلريدة بالقول أنه تبني وجود حاالت‬ ‫من املتسللني إلى اإلمارات بطرق غير مشروعة‬ ‫وبالتالي االدّ عاء بوجودهم منذ سنوات، وفي هذا‬ ‫الصدد وفي تصريحات خاصة جلريدة أربيان بزنس‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يقول مديرعام مكتب وزير الداخلية، ورئيس اللجنة‬ ‫املكلفة مبعاجلة قضية « البدون » اللواء ناصر‬ ‫خلريباني النعيمي: لقد وضعت اللجنة في اعتبارها‬ ‫أولوية معاجلة مشكلة عدميي اجلنسية بوصفها‬ ‫إحدى التحديات التي تؤرق واقع االستقرار األمني‬ ‫واالجتماعي العام، خصوصا مع دخول أعداد متزايدة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫من املتسللني وانضوائهم حتت هذا املسمى، مضيف ًا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أن سمو وزير الداخلية الشيخ سيف بن زايد آل نهيان‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫شدّ د على ضرورة العمل على إنهاء هذه املشكلة‬ ‫بطرق أكثر دقة وسرعة وفاعلية.‬ ‫أمام رب العزة واجلالل، وسيقولون يا رب هؤالء‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ظلمونا، وأكلوا حقوقنا فاحكم بيننا بالعدل.‬ ‫و« دمعة بدون » فتاة من مواليد إمارة رأس اخليمة‬ ‫تنتظر دورها في احلصول على جواز وجنسية الدولة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كغيرها من أبناء «البدون »، تقول:أنا « بدون »،‬ ‫وميكن اعتباري من الفئة املظلومة التى تنتظر دورها‬ ‫في احلصول على جنسية دولة اإلمارات، ولكن لم‬ ‫يحالفنا احلظ في احلصول عليها إلى اآلن، على‬ ‫الرغم من أ ّننا نحمل كل اإلثباتات والوثائق الرسمية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫القدمية من جواز وجنسية إمارة رأس اخليمة قدميً ا قبل‬ ‫قيام االحتاد.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وتقول دمعة بدون ردّا على إحدى املواضيع املتع ّلقة‬ ‫بفئة « البدون »على شبكة اإلنترنت:لرمبا قدّرلي أن‬ ‫أعيش « بدون » حتّى مماتي أو حتى آخر حلظة في‬ ‫حياتي، ولكن تبقى اإلمارات موطني الذي لم أعرف‬ ‫سواه، فالهوية الوطنية ال تعني مجرد أوراق تتمثل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في اجلواز واجلنسية، ولكن الهو ّية الوطنية تتجاوز‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مبعناها إلى الوالء واالنتماء، وأنا منٌذ ولدت إلى‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اآلن لم أعرف غير اإلمارات وطن ًا، وستظل اإلمارات‬ ‫وطني ولن أتنازل عنها ولو أعطوني كنوز الدنيا.‬ ‫وفي ردّ على مطالب الكثير من « البدون » في‬ ‫احلصول على جنسية الدولة على اعتبار امتالكهم‬ ‫جلوازات إمارات الدولة ما قبل االحتاد، تع ّلق اجلهات‬ ‫املختصة مبعاجلة قضية « البدون » في اإلمارات عبر‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جريدة الشرق األوسط بالقول: «منح جوازات السفر‬ ‫وخالصات القيد حق أصيل للحكومة االحتادية،‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫والقاعدة في قانون اجلنسية أنّ جواز السفر ال يدل‬ ‫على اجلنسية، وإمنا تثبت اجلنسية بخالصة القيد».‬ ‫وفي عددها الصادر في اخلامس و العشرين من‬ ‫أكتوبر 6002، أعلنت جريدة البيان احمللية عن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫إجناز الدفعة األولى من كشوف عدميي اجلنسية عن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫طريق حصر األشخاص مستحقي اجلنسية الذين كانوا‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في الدولة قبل قيام االحتاد، حيثُ‬ ‫ْ كشف العميد‬ ‫عبدالعزيز مكتوم الشريفي، مدير إدارة األمن الوقائي‬ ‫بوزارة الداخلية ورئيس اللجنة املك ّلفة بتو ّلي ملف‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫غير محددي اجلنسية آنذاك، أنّ هناك معايير معينة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫قامت اللجنة باعتمادها عند إعداد كشوف مستحقي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اجلنسية، ومن هذه املعايير أن يكون املستحقني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جلنسية الدولة مقيمني بصورة دائمة ومتواصلة في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الدولة منذ ما قبل قيام االحتاد في الثاني من‬ ‫ديسمبر 1791م، مع اشتراط عدم إخفائهم أ ّية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫معلومات أو وثائق من شأنها أن تدل على جنسياتهم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫السابقة، وأن يكونوا من حسني السيرة والسلوك ولم‬ ‫يرتكبوا أ ّية جرائم مخ ّلة بالشرف واألمانة، وحسب‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫املصدر ذاته، فإن أي شخص ال تنطبق عليه الشروط‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫املذكورة لن يتم اعتباره من عدميي اجلنسية وعليه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ستقوم وزارة الداخلية بالتعامل معه على أ ّنه شخص‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مخالف لقوانني اإلقامة في الدولة.‬

‫وتستكمل أربيان بزنس قائلة: هناك أرقام غير‬ ‫رسمية تشير إلى أنّ عدد عدميي اجلنسية في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اإلمارات ال يتجاوز عشرة آالف فرد، فيما توصلت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اللجنة املختصة بحصر مستحقي اجلنسية إلى أنّ‬ ‫العدد أقل من هذا بكثير، إذ أنّ مستحقّ‬ ‫ي اجلنسية‬ ‫ثبت وجودهم في اإلمارات قبل قيام االحتاد، أما‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الفئة الثانية فقد أتت بعد قيام االحتاد، بينما جاءت‬ ‫الفئة الثالثة إلى اإلمارات بعد الغزو العراقي على‬ ‫الكويت في 0991، ونتيجة لذلك فإنّ الفئتني‬ ‫الثانية و الثالثة ال تنطبق عليهم إحدى أهم شروط‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫احلصول على جنسية الدولة وهو إقامتهم بصورة‬ ‫دائمة ومتواصلة في الدولة قبل قيام االحتاد، كما‬ ‫أنّ هناك شكوكا حول قيام أفراد الفئتني األخيرتني‬ ‫من « البدون » بإخفاء جنسياتهم احلقيقية في‬ ‫محاولة للتحايل على حكومة الدولة واحلصول على‬

‫”منح جوازات السفر‬ ‫وخالصات القيد حق أصيل‬ ‫للحكومة االحتادية، والقاعدة‬ ‫في قانون اجلنسية أن جواز‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫السفر ال يدلَّ على اجلنسية،‬ ‫وإمنا تثبت اجلنسية بخالصة‬ ‫القيد.“‬

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‫من فئة « البدون » فإنه لن يتمكن من توثيق عقد‬ ‫زواجه في احملكمة، األمر الذي أجبر الكثير من أبناء‬ ‫هذه الفئة إلى أن تلجأ إلى عقد القران على الطريقة‬ ‫القدمية بواسطة املأذون الشرعي في البيت، وحتّى هذا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كان ممكن ًا في السابق، إال أنّ األمر ازداد صعوبة في‬ ‫وقتنا احلالي، وخاصة بعد أن أوصت إدارة التوثيق‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بوزارة العدل املأذون الشرعي الذي لديه تفويض‬ ‫بتوثيق عقود الزواج خارج أسوار الوزارة، بعدم توثيق‬ ‫عقود زواج « البدون ».‬ ‫وبصفته مأذون ًا شرعي ًا في محاكم دبي، يؤكد السيد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫علي أحمد احلمودي على أنّ قرار منع توثيق عقود‬ ‫زواج « البدون » في محاكم الدولة مر مبراحل عدّ ة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫خالل السنوات القليلة املاضية قبل أن يدخل حيز‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫التنفيذ بشكل فعلي.‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وفي تعليق على زواج « البدون » من مواطنات‬ ‫الدولة، يقول احلمودي: لقد كانت احملاكم في السابق‬ ‫تشهد حاالت زواج « بدون » من مواطنات، ولكن‬ ‫في الوقت احلالي، أصبحت الدولة ال تسمح بزواج‬ ‫املواطنة من « بدون » حرص ًا منها على مصلحة‬ ‫بناتها املواطنات، إذ أنّ العديد من أزواج املواطنات‬ ‫من « البدون »، ارتبطوا بهن طمع ًا في احلصول على‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جنسية الدولة؛ لذا فإنّ الدولة حريصة على احلفاظ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫على مستقبل بناتها املواطنات من التعرض لهذه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫احلاالت.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وال تختلف قصة أ. ع. عن قصة ع. هـ. كثيرا،‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫فهي كذلك شعرت باإلحباط وخيبة األمل في دائرة‬ ‫الزواج احملرم واملمنوع على « البدون » حسب قوانني‬ ‫الدولة فـ أ. ع. كانت مخطوبة لشاب إماراتي، وكانت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جتهيزات حفل عقد قرانها تسير على قدم وساق خالل‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫شهر رمضان على أمل أن يشهد العيد فرحة عمرها،‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫إال أنّ هذه الفرحة حتولت بشكل دراماتيكي إلـى‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫حزن وألم شديدين بعد أن ت ّلقت اتّصاال من خطيبها‬ ‫ٍ ٍ‬ ‫صبيحة يوم عقد القران يقدّ م من خالله اعتذاره عن‬ ‫االستمرار في رغبة االرتباط بها بأوامر من والدته‬ ‫التي كانت موافقة على هذا الزواج في بادىء األمر،‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ولكن يبدو أ ّنها لم تنتظر إال يوم عقد القران كي‬ ‫تراجع فيه حساباتها في زواج ابنها من « بدون ».‬ ‫وجتيز قوانني الدولة للمواطن االرتباط بفتاة من فئة‬ ‫« البدون »، ونتيجة لزواجها من مواطن، تكون من‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املستحقني جلواز وجنسية الدولة بشكل مباشر، إآل أ ّنه‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يبدو بأنّ والدة الشاب في قصتنا السابقة خشيت من‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫نظرات الناس وانتقاداتهم الرتباط ابنها « ببدون ».‬ ‫وتتساءل « دمعة بدون »، االسم املستعار لصاحبته‬ ‫التي رفضت أن حتكي لنا بعض قصص املعاناة، قائلة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫:ملاذا كل هذا الهجوم الشرس على فئة « البدون »‬ ‫املظلومة؟ هل هم أتوا من كوكب آخر ولهم رب غير‬ ‫ٌّ‬ ‫الله، أم أن أشكالهم تختلف عن أشكال بقية البشر‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في العالم؟؟ ال تنسوا بأنهم سيقفون يوم احلساب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ذلك، فإ ّنني أبدي استعدادي في تلبية نداء الوطن‬ ‫متى احتاجني، فإن لم أخدم وطني فمن أخدم؟؟‬ ‫ويحكي ع. هـ الذي ينتمي إلى أصول إيرانية قصته‬ ‫ّ ّ‬ ‫وقصة أسرته التي من املفترض أن تكون أسرة مواطنة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫اآلن، حيث أنّ والده قد منح اجلواز اإلماراتي في عام‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫6791م، ولكن بعد 21 سنة، شاءت األقدار أن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يتوفاه الله خالل رحلة العالج التي قضاها في إيران‬ ‫في 8891م، فدُ فن هناك، وكان ابنه ع. هـ حينها‬ ‫يبلغ من العمر ثماني سنوات.‬ ‫الدولة قبل قيام االحتاد، بل إنّ العديد منهم كان‬ ‫يحمل جوازات سفر تابعة لإلمارة التي كان يقيم‬ ‫فيها وينتمى إليها قبل قيام احتاد اإلمارات السبع‬ ‫في 1791 م، حيث كانت كل إمارة متنح مواطنيها‬ ‫جوازات سفر خاصة بها ولم يكن للجنسية وجود‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫آنذاك لتكون إلى جانب جواز السفر كوثيقة رسمية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ولكن بد قيام االحتاد في 1791م صدر قانون‬ ‫ُ َ‬ ‫اجلنسية، وكنتيجة لهذا احلدث، توقف العمل بهذه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اجلوازات ورفضت الدولة جتديدها، وبالتالي أصبح‬ ‫هؤالء من مواطنوي اإلمارات السبع « بدون ».‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ونظرا لعدم امتالك هذه الفئة الوثائق الرسمية، يواجه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫«البدون » معاناة وصعوبة شديدتني في احلصول على‬ ‫اخلدمات التعليمية والصحية واالجتماعية، كحقّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫التعلم والعالج وتوثيق عقود الزواج والطالق، وال‬ ‫يقتصراألمر على هذا وحسب، بل إنّ البعض منهم‬ ‫يواجه صعوبة في استخراج شهادات امليالد والوفاة‬ ‫ألفراد عائالتهم وأقربائهم، وعلى هذا فإنّ البدون‬ ‫ليسوا بدون جنسية فقط، بل إنّ أغلبهم بدون تعليم‬ ‫ودون عمل ودون عقود زواج موثقة رسمي ًا من اجلهات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املختصة.‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يقول حسن إبراهيم، 44 سنة، وهو أحد املواطنني «‬ ‫البدون » املولودون في إمارة الشارقة: غادر والدي‬ ‫موطنه األصلي إيران بحث ًا عن العمل واالستقرار في‬ ‫اإلمارات قبل قيام االحتاد وتشكيل الدولة، وجاء‬ ‫للبحث عن رزقه كحال أي شخص ينشد سبل احلياة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الكرمية، وقد حتقق له ذلك، فقد أتى إلى اإلمارات‬ ‫واستقر بها وعمل بها حتّى تزوج وحصل على جواز‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫إمارة الشارقة.‬ ‫وهذا السيناريو مشابه لسيناريوهات عدّ ة حدثت قبل‬ ‫ً‬ ‫تشكيل دولة اإلمارات التي كانت آنذاك ساحال ينزل‬ ‫فيه عدد من القادمني من الدول املجاورة وأبرزها‬ ‫دولة إيران.‬ ‫وأشار حسن إلى أنّ والده وفد إلى اإلمارات وهو‬ ‫يبلغ من العمر 21 سنة فقط، ما يعني أنه أمضى‬ ‫ُ ّ‬ ‫جل حياته على أرض اإلمارات، كما أكد على أ ّنه‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫يحتفظ بجواز سفر والده املتوفّ‬ ‫ى والصادر من إمارة‬ ‫الشارقة في عام 3591م، باإلضافة إلى بطاقة عمل‬ ‫ً‬ ‫احتادية صادرة في عام 7691م، واستطرد قائال: لقد‬ ‫ولدت هنا في اإلمارات وأنا اآلن أبلغ من العمر 44‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫سنة، أما أخي األكبر فهو في اخلمسينات من عمره،‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫فكيف لنا بعد كل هذا أن نكون غرباء في أرض‬ ‫ولدنا فيها؟؟‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وبنبرة فيها الكثير من العتب و الشجن قال حسن:‬ ‫لقدعملت في الدفاع املدني في دبي مدّ ة 21سنة،‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫كما أ ّنني خدمت في حرب اخلليج 0991م، و لكن‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫من املؤسف جدّ ًا أن أقول بأنّ خدمتي العسكرية قد‬ ‫قوبلت بالفصل التعسفي في عام 6991 م بعد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫سنوات من الكفاح و املعاناة، ولكن على الرغم من‬

‫يواجه « البدون » معاناة‬ ‫وصعوبة شديدتني في‬ ‫احلصول على اخلدمات‬ ‫التعليمية والصحية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫واالجتماعية، كحق ّالتعلم‬ ‫والعالج وتوثيق عقود الزواج‬ ‫،والطالق‬

‫ً‬ ‫ويكمل ع. هـ. قائال إنّ ثالثة من أخواته تزوجن من‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫رجال مواطنني على الرغم من الفارق العمري بينهن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وبني أزواجهن، فإحداهن هي الزوجة الثالثة لزوجها‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بينما األخرى هي زوجة رابعة آلخر، ويقول ع. هـ.‬ ‫بأنّ ظروف احلياة الصعبة التي يعيشها « البدون‬ ‫» جعلت أخواته مضطرات لالرتباط برجال مواطنني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫على أساس أنّ ذلك يضمن لهن تأمني مستقبلهن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ومستقبل أبنائهن وعيش حياة كرمية.‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وكشف ع.هـ. بأنّ زواج شقيقاته من مواطنني لم‬ ‫يؤمن مستقبلهن وحدهن فحسب، بل أنّ ذلك سهّ ل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫عليه إجناز عدد من معامالته اليومية التي تتط ّلب‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫منه إبراز وثائق رسمية معتمدة، ومن هذه املعامالت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جتديد ملكية سيارته املسجلة أصال باسم إحدى‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ ّ‬ ‫أخواته املواطنات، احلاصالت على جنسية الدولة بعد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الزواج، إذ إنّ الدولة ترفض جتديد بطاقات ملكية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫سيارات فئة « البدون »، كما أنّ وزارة الداخلية ممثّلة‬ ‫بإدارة املرور ال متنح رخص القيادة ألبناء هذه الفئة‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ومتتنع عن جتديدها، فحسب مصادر في إدارة املرور‬ ‫بإمارة دبي فإنّ هذا القرار معمول به منذ نحو سنتني،‬ ‫وفي هذا الصدد، أشار ع .هـ إلى أ ّنه حصل على‬ ‫رخصة القيادة قبل تطبيق هذا القانون.‬ ‫وعرج ع. هـ. على جانب مهم من جوانب معاناته‬ ‫ٍ ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كونه من فئة « البدون »، حيث أ ّنه اعترف بعدم‬ ‫قدرته على الزواج من الفتاة التي يريدها على اعتبار‬ ‫أ ّنها مواطنة، وعدا عن هذا، فإنه في مواجهة قوانني‬ ‫الدولة التي أصدرت أوامرها برفض توثيق عقود زواج‬ ‫« البدون »، ممّا يعني بأنه حتّى لو تقدّ م خلطبة فتاة‬

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‫البدون : دون هو ّية .. دون وطن‬
‫عائشة املدني و أمينة شهواري‬

‫جواز سفر والد السيد/ حسن إبراهيم. الصادر من إمارة الشارقة في عام 3591م. (تصوير أمينة شهواري/كلية دبي للطالبات)‬

‫َ‬ ‫لتكتمل منظومة املواطنة جنب ًا إلى جنب مع املظهر‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫العام واللغة والدين، فهذا « البدون » الذي طالعني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مبظهر ه احمللي ولغته العربية وثقافته املنتمية حتّى‬ ‫تصورت أ ّنه شاب إماراتي كادح ٌمنتج، البد أن‬ ‫ُّ ُ‬ ‫ٌّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كثيرين صادفوا « بدون ًا » منتجا في هيئة شاب‬ ‫مواطن، ولم يعرفوا أنه ليس مواطنا شرعيا ألنه ال‬ ‫يحم هوية!‬ ‫« البدون » بشكل عام، فئة من املقيمني في الدولة‬ ‫ٍ ّ‬ ‫وهم غير محدّ دي اجلنسية أو عدميي اجلنسية ، ودرج‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الناس على تسمية هذه الفئة « بالبدون » وهو تعبير‬ ‫خليجي؛ أل ّنهم دون أوراق ثبوتية تشير إلى هو ّيتهم‬ ‫األصلية، وقد ثبت وجود عدد كبير من هذه الفئة في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ‬

‫ً‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بهكذا مكان، لم ميهلني ألمت حديثي، قاطعني قائال:‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أترين كل هؤالء الشباب الذين يرتدون الكندورة‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ومعهم أنا ؟ إ ّننا « بدون » .‬ ‫ً‬ ‫لم أتفاجأ كثيرا، ولكن كان من املهم الوقوف عند‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كلمة « البدون » والتأمل فيها طويالً‬ ‫، فهؤالء‬ ‫الشباب يرتدون ثيابنا ويتحدّ ثون لغتنا ويعتزون‬ ‫بثقافتنا وميارسون عاداتنا وتقاليدنا العربية‬ ‫واإلسالمية، وفوق هذا و ذاك، فإنّ أكثرهم قد ولدوا‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وعاشوا بيننا حتّى صاروا جيران ًا وأصدقاء، إذا فما‬ ‫الفرق بيننا غير كلمة « البدون »؟ وملاذا هم بدون‬ ‫من األساس؟ وماذا يعني أن يكونوا « بدون » طوال‬ ‫هذه العقود الطويلة؟؟ وملاذا ال ميُ نَحون جنسية الدولة‬

‫في أثناء إحدى جوالتي للتسوق في أحد مراكز‬ ‫التسوق، لفت نظري شاب في مقتبل العمر بز ّيه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اإلماراتي (الكندورة و العصامة) وهو يلتقط‬ ‫األغراض من صناديقها املخصصة ويضعها على‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫األرفف بترتيب تام، ولم أكد أصدّ ق عيني حتّى وقع‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫نظري على شاب آخر كان منشغال في تقطيع البصل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في قسم اخلضراوات والفواكه، ولم يكن مصدر هذا‬ ‫االندهاش غير تصوري بأنّ نظرة الشاب اإلماراتي قد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫تغيرت إلى الوظائف املتواضعة ذات الدخل املتواضع‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫والتي ال يشغلها عاد ًة إال الوافدون، وأسعدني توصل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشاب اإلماراتي أخيرا إلى هذا الوعي اجلديد الذي‬ ‫يثير الفخر واالعتزاز، األمر الذي دفعني إلى التقرب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫من أحدهم للتعبير عن مدى سعادتي لقبوله العمل‬

‫86‬
‫ً‬ ‫وتكمن أضرار ختان البنات، وحتديدا اخلتان من النوع‬ ‫الفرعوني - كما أردفت الدكتورة، بأنه "تكون هناك‬ ‫إمكانية كبيرة في حدوث نزيف دموي والتهابات‬ ‫ومتزقات وجروح وقروح في املنطقة عند اجلماع‬ ‫والوالدة، ناهيك عن األضرار النفسية اجلسيمة التي‬ ‫تشعر بها املرأة إذا كانت مختنة." واجلدير بالذكر‬ ‫أن هناك الكثير من احلاالت التي انتهت -نتيجة‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫اخلتان اخلاطئ- في غرف العمليات أو بالوفاة في‬ ‫أسوأ احلاالت.‬ ‫ومما ال شك فيه أن الكثير من أفراد املجتمع‬ ‫اإلماراتي يشكك في دور اجلهات املختصة من حيث‬ ‫توضيح مغزى ختان البنات وبيان ماهية املوضوع وما‬ ‫له وما عليه. وال عجب أن يختفي أو ُيغيب دور هذه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اجلهات في التوعية بشأن هذا املوضوع؛ فقد رفض‬ ‫الكثير من مسؤولي اجلهات املختصة املشاركة أو‬ ‫التعاون مع فريق العمل إلبداء وجهة النظر الطبية‬ ‫حول موضوع ختان البنات. رمبا يكون االستسالم‬ ‫ورفع الرايات البيضاء واالنصياع لقيود العادات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫والتقاليد ـزكثر راحة لهم؛ لذلك فضل الكثير منهم‬ ‫التهرب، معتقدين أنه أخير لهم من مواجهة زوبعة‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الكالم وردود أفعال املتعصبني من الناس.‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ومهما كان قول الشريعة اإلسالمية في مسألة ختان‬ ‫البنت، فيشدد الدكتور أحمد احلداد على أنه في‬ ‫حال مت اخلتان، فيجب أن يتم عند والدة البنت وليس‬ ‫بعد كبرها، فهذا عند ذلك ال يجوز شرع ًا، "فكل ما‬ ‫في األمر أنك تتبع السنة، فلماذا تفعل احلرام؟!"‬ ‫واحلرام في هذه املسألة أن ختان البنت عند كبرها كما‬ ‫ذكر فضيلة الشيخ "يؤدي إلى أذ ّية الطفلة وكشف‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫عورتها، فلذلك يتعني منع ختان البنت عند الكبر."‬ ‫على عكس الرجل، فالبد من ختانه حتى ولو كبر؛‬ ‫ألن الرجل سيحمل معه جناسة بعد ذلك، وينبغي‬ ‫ختانه لزوم ًا للطهارة. أما املرأة وكما أردف الدكتور‬ ‫أحمد احلداد، فإنها "ال حتمل جناسة معها، وليس‬ ‫هناك ضرر من عدم اخلتان." كما يشدد الدكتور‬ ‫أحمد احلداد على أن اخلتان الفرعوني "جناية في حق‬ ‫املرأة وأن فاعله يستحق العقاب؛ ملا فيه من استنزاف‬ ‫في حق املرأة واإلضرار بها، وتكون عند ذلك غير‬ ‫راغبة في زوجها؛ ِمما يقضي على حياتها ومستقبلها،‬ ‫ولن تتط ّلع لرجلها ولن تقوم بواجباتها نحوه."‬ ‫ُ‬

‫العفّ ة أمر يعود به على أخالق‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫املرأة؛ فهناك ”كثير من بالد‬ ‫املسلمني ال يخنت نساؤها،‬ ‫ولم جند فيها آثارا ً سلبية‬ ‫ظاهرة لدى الفتيات من‬ ‫أجل ترك اخلتان، بينما توجد‬ ‫انحرافات أخرى تشترك فيها‬ ‫اخملتنات وغير اخملتنات.“‬

‫أما لبيان الناحية الطبية ملوضوع اخلتان، فقد ذكرت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الدكتورة (مجهولة)، والتي فضلت عدم ذكر اسمها‬ ‫ألسباب كثيرة احتفظت بها لنفسها، أن ختان الذكور‬ ‫أمر البد منه؛ ألن عدم القيام بهذه العملية للذكور‬ ‫يؤدي إلى اإلصابة بالكثير من االلتهابات التي قد‬ ‫تؤدي إلى اإلصابة باألمراض اخلطيرة كالسرطان.‬ ‫وتنوه الدكتورة (مجهولة) إلى أن "هذه األمراض‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وااللتهابات قد تنتقل وبال شك إلى املرأة عند عملية‬ ‫اجلماع." أما عن ختان البنات فهو أمر مرفوض‬ ‫طبي ًا وال توجد هناك أية فائدة من عملية اخلتان إال‬ ‫في تخفيض الرغبة اجلنسية عند املرأة، حيث تقول‬ ‫الدكتورة "تقوم اخلاتنة في عملية اخلتان بإزالة جزء‬ ‫من مركز اإلحساس عند املرأة، فيقلل من رغبتها‬ ‫اجلنسية." أما في اخلتان الفرعوني، فتقوم اخلاتنة‬ ‫بإزالة املنطقة بأكملها وتفقد عندها املرأة اإلحساس‬ ‫ً‬ ‫كليا بعملية اجلماع، وتكون املرأة بذلك "جمادا خالي ًا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫من اإلحساس، وظيفتها إجناب األطفال ليس إال!"‬

‫96‬

‫ختان البنات، انتهاك حلق املرأه. )تصميم وفاء املرزوقي/كلية دبي للطالبات(‬

‫اخلتان عادة وليست عبادة، يتم تطبيقها من ِقبل‬ ‫الكثير من الناس في األمة اإلسالمية، دون وجود أي‬ ‫دليل واضح من القرآن أوالسنة على وجوبه وإلزامه.‬ ‫ويشيد فضيلة الشيخ بالذكر إلى البيان الذي مت‬ ‫إصداره من ِقبل األمم املتحدة قبل سنتني والذي ينص‬ ‫على منع ختان اإلناث ألضرار كثيرة أجمع عليها‬ ‫ً‬ ‫األطباء املختصني والنفسيني، ويضيف قائال "قد‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫يكون خفاض املرأة (ختانها دون إنهاك) في مصلحة‬ ‫الرجل، ولكن علينا أن ال ننسى أن في ختان املرأة‬ ‫أضرار نفسية وجسدية كثيرة؛ لذلك يتوجب علينا‬ ‫أن ال نبدّ ي مصلحة أحد على اآلخر إذا كان املوضوع‬ ‫ً‬ ‫يلحق ضررا بأحد األطراف."‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫واجلدير بالذكر أن فضيلة الشيخ العالمة الدكتور‬ ‫يوسف القرضاوي قد نوه في دراسة له عن احلكم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشرعي في ختان اإلناث مت نشره على موقع‬ ‫(‪ ،)www.qaradawi.net‬أن األحاديث الواردة‬ ‫لبيان مسألة ختان البنت هي أحاديث شريفة قاصرة‬ ‫لالستدالل بها على هذا احلكم، ولكنها جاءت في‬ ‫سبيل اإلرشاد في ما يقوم به الناس من أمور دنيوية.‬ ‫ويشير الدكتور القرضاوي في فتواه ذاتها إلى أن‬ ‫بعض الناس -من بينهم الفقهاء واألطباء- يحبذون‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫خفاض اإلناث خشية أن يؤدي عدم ختانهن إلى‬ ‫وقوعهن في احلرام أو اقترابهن منه. في الوقت‬ ‫ِّ‬ ‫نفسه يشدد فضيلة الشيخ على أن العفة أمر يتعلق‬ ‫بأخالق املرأة؛ فهناك "كثير من بالداملسلمني ال تخت‬ ‫ً‬ ‫فيها النساء، ولم جند فيها آثارا سلبية ظاهرة لدى‬ ‫الفتيات بسبب ترك اخلتان، بينما توجد انحرافات‬ ‫أخرى تشترك فيها املختنات وغير املختنات."‬

‫"التربية احلسنة واألخالق احلميدة والتمسك بالدين‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫اإلسالمي يغلب أي اجنراف نحو اخلطأ وليس للختان‬ ‫أي دخل باملوضوع."‬ ‫وبالرجوع إلى أصل موضوع ختان البنت وإسناده إلى‬ ‫الشريعة اإلسالمية، يذكر فضيلة الشيخ الدكتور‬ ‫َ‬ ‫أحمد احلداد، كبير املفتني، ومدير إدارة اإلفتاء‬ ‫في دائرة الشؤون اإلسالمية والعمل اخليري في‬ ‫دولة اإلمارات، أن ختان اإلناث كان معروف ًا عند‬ ‫العرب، وكانت هناك الكثير من اخلاتنات الالتي‬ ‫يقمن بهذه الوظيفة. وكان النبي -صلى الله عليه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وسلم- يوصيهن فيقول: "شفي وال تَنهَكي، فإنه‬ ‫أسرى للوجه، وأحظى عند الزوج." وكذلك في صحيح‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫البخاري، فقد ذكر عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم-‬ ‫أنه قال: "إذا التقى اخلتانان فقد وجب الغُ‬ ‫سل."‬ ‫ً‬ ‫و ُيستدَ ل من ذلك أن اخلتان كان موجودا عند املرأة‬ ‫والرجل على حد سواء، ولكن لم يتّضح من القرآن‬ ‫أو من السنة النبوية أي إيجاب أو إلزام بخصوص‬ ‫مسألة ختان البنت. وينوه الدكتور أن اجتهاد العلماء‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في املذاهب اإلسالمية األربعة اختلف بدرجة بسيطة،‬ ‫فمنهم من يرى وجوبه كالسادة الشافعية، حيث "يرون‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أن اخلتان واجب للرجل واملرأة، ولكن املرأة تخت‬ ‫ً‬ ‫بصفة قليلة جدا بحيث ال يكون هناك إنهاك." ومنهم‬ ‫من يرى أن ختان البنات مستحب كالسادة احلنابلة‬ ‫واحلنفية، بينما يرى السادة املالكية أن ختان البنت‬ ‫أفضل لها وأخير (مكرمة).‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ويتفق معه فضيلة الشيخ الدكتور أحمد القبيسي‬ ‫الرئيس السابق لقسم الدراسات اإلسالمية بجامعة‬ ‫بغداد، وحالي ًا بجامعة اإلمارات، حيث يؤكد أن‬ ‫ّ‬

‫عن شيء فإمنا هو ينم عن مدى اجلهل الذي يعيشون‬ ‫فيه." وتؤيدها بالرأي ميثاء محمد، ٢٢ عام ًا طالبة‬ ‫حيث تشدد على دور اجلهات املختصة للحد من هذا‬ ‫ً‬ ‫املوضوع، مضيفة "يجب أن يكون للجهات املختصة‬ ‫دور توعوي أفضل." وتؤكد ميثاء أن "ما نعانيه‬ ‫اليوم من شح في املصادر واملعلومات فيما يتعلق‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بختان البنات يحول دون توعية األفراد بخطورة مثل‬ ‫َ‬ ‫هذه العمليات خصوص ًا ما إذا مت القيام بها على‬ ‫أيدي من ليست لديهم أية دراية طبية أو خبرة مهنية‬ ‫في عمليات ختان البنات."‬ ‫ويتفق أغلب رجال املجتمع اإلماراتي على أن عملية‬ ‫ختان البنات هي عملية ال جدوى منها، ويرفض‬ ‫الكثير منهم مبدأ ختان البنت ملا فيه من مضار‬ ‫كثيرة إذا متت عملية اخلتان بطريقة خاطئة. حيث‬ ‫يرفض محمد أحمد، ٨٢ عام ًا، موظف في أحد‬ ‫البنوك، مبدأ ختان البنت رفض ًا قاطع ًا؛ ملا فيه من‬ ‫مضار جسدية ونفسية تؤدي إلى الكثير من املشاكل‬ ‫ً‬ ‫التي ال تنتهي، مؤكدا أن "الكثير من من يقومون‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫بختان بناتهم يعانون من مشكلة الفهم اخلاطىء‬ ‫لإلسالم، وأن كثيرا منهم يطبق اخلتان ألسباب قبلية‬ ‫بحتة يلصقها معظمهم في ظهر الدين!" ويوافقه‬ ‫في الرأي ماجد أحمد، ٩١ عام ًا، طالب جامعي،‬ ‫حيث ُيرجع السبب احلقيقي خلتان البنات بني أفراد‬ ‫املجتمع اإلماراتي إلى "اجنراف الناس خلف العادات‬ ‫والتقاليد دون الرجوع إلى آراء ومشورة أهل‬ ‫االختصاص." ويرى أن ختان البنت ما هو إال ظلم‬ ‫في حقها، ويضيف قائال "يخاف الكثير من الناس‬ ‫أن تقع ابنتهم في اخلطأ قبل أو بعد زواجها؛ لذلك‬ ‫يقومون بعملية اخلتان." ولكنه يشدد بالذكر أن‬

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‫فوافقت على عملية اخلتان وتزوجت منه." وتع ّلل‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫علياء شرط زوجها بتمسكه بعادات وتقاليد قبيلته.‬ ‫سارة علي، ٣٢ عام ًا، طالبة جامعية، متت ختانتها‬ ‫هي وأخواتها الستة في عمر التسع سنوات في إحدى‬ ‫املستشفيات احلكومية بالدولة عندما كانت عملية‬ ‫ختان البنات أمرا مسموحا به. وتنوه سارة أن أختها‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الصغرى أفلتت من عملية اخلتان بعد أن مت منعها‬ ‫من قبل اجلهات املختصة. وتردف سارة "كان والدي‬ ‫دائم ًا من معارضي ختان البنات، ولكن ضغط نساء‬ ‫ً‬ ‫العائلة ابتداء من جدتي وصوال إلى خاالتي وعماتي‬ ‫ً‬ ‫كان أكبر من سلطة والدي." وتشدد سارة على أن‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫اخلتان ظاهرة سلبية وتراها بال شك انتهاكا حلقوق‬ ‫املرأة التي فطرها الله عليها.‬ ‫ومن وجهة نظر معاكسة، فإن فاطمة عيسى، ٢٢‬ ‫عام ًا، موظفة في أحد البنوك، هي البنت الوحيدة‬ ‫املختنة في عائلتها رغم أنها هي الصغرى، حيث‬ ‫أرسلتها والدتها مع صديقتها وابنتها إلى املستشفى‬ ‫لتتم ختانتهن. وتعتقد فاطمة أن والدتها قد تكون‬ ‫تأ ّثرت بأفكار وعادات صديقتها، حيث تقول "ال‬ ‫أعرف األسباب احلقيقية لعملية اخلتان، وال أعرف‬ ‫حتى ما إذا كنت مع العملية أم ضدها! ولكن إذا‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫قامت والدتي بأمر ما، فأنا على يقني بأنه أمر جيد‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ولن يضرني بشيء." وتع ّلل فاطمة كالمها بأن كل‬ ‫أم تريد األفضل لبناتها، وإذا كانت عملية اخلتان‬ ‫تضرها فلن تقوم والدتها عندئذ بختانها.‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫أما منى محمد، ٣٢ عام ًا، طالبة وأم لولدين،‬ ‫فسوف تقوم بعملية اخلتان في حال رزقت مبولودة‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫أنثى، مشدد ًة على أن تُط ّبق العملية كما مت تطبيقها‬ ‫عليها، حيث كانت تبلغ من العمر يومني فقط عندما‬ ‫قامت والدتها بختانها في املستشفى. وتضيف "إذا‬ ‫ما رفض زوجي ختان ابنتنا فلن أعترض؛ ألن السبب‬ ‫الوحيد الذي أود من أجله ختان ابنتي هو اتباع سنة‬ ‫الرسول -عليه الصالة والسالم- " مؤكد ًة أنها ستقوم‬ ‫بختان ابنتها في األيام األولى من والدتها وليس‬ ‫عندما تكبر. من جانبها، لم تقم أم رمي، أم لبنتني‬ ‫وهي من النساء املختنات، بختان بناتها إميان ًا منها‬ ‫بأن عملية ختان البنت هي عملية ال جدوى منها.‬ ‫وتتساءل أم رمي حيث تقول "على حد علمي أن خلتان‬ ‫البنت مضار كثيرة تطغى على املنافع، فما الفائدة‬ ‫من تعريض حياة بناتنا للخطر إذا كان الدين ال‬ ‫ُيوجب أو ُيلزم بذلك؟! "‬ ‫وتخالف فاطمة املرزوقي، ٥٢ عام ًا، موظفة في‬ ‫إحدى الدوائر احلكومية في أبوظبي، مبدأ ختان البنت‬ ‫وال تؤيده البتة؛ ملا فيه من ظلم وتعسف في حق‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املرأة. وتنوه فاطمة إلى أن "معظم من يقومون بختان‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بناتهم هم أناس قبليني متمسكني بعادات وتقاليد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بالية ال متت للدين وال للطب بأية صلة، وهذا إن من‬ ‫النوع من ختان البنات مازال شائع ًا حتى يومنا هذا‬ ‫في بعض أرجاء الدول العربية، منها مصر والسودان‬ ‫على وجه اخلصوص ألسباب قد تكون معروفة عند‬ ‫البعض، مبهمة عند البعض اآلخر. أما في دول‬ ‫ً‬ ‫اخلليج وحتديدا في دولة اإلمارات -ومهما أنكرت‬ ‫هذه احلقيقة- فإن ختان البنات مازال رسماً‬ ‫من‬ ‫العادات القبلية عند البعض، والدينية عند البعض‬ ‫اآلخر، تلك العادات التي متارس غالبا في اخلفاء‬ ‫على الرغم من أنها غير شرعية، واجلدير بالذكر أن‬ ‫نوع اخلتان الشائع في دولة اإلمارات هو اخلتان الذي‬ ‫تقوم فيه اخلاتنة بإزالة جزء بسيط من املنطقة، وهو‬ ‫ما يسميه البعض بـ "اخلتان الشرعي"!‬ ‫ومما ال شك فيه أن اآلراء تتباين حول هذه الظاهرة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫بني مؤيد ومعارض نظرا حلساسية املوضوع واختالف‬ ‫مستوى التفكير واإلدراك بني أفراد املجتمع. حيث‬ ‫تبني وفق ًا لالستبيانات واألبحاث التي مت إجراؤها من‬ ‫ّ ُ‬ ‫قبل فريق عمل املوضوع على شريحة عشوائية تألفت‬ ‫من ما يقارب الـ ٠٠٢ من مواطني املجتمع اإلماراتي‬ ‫من كال اجلنسني حول موضوع ختان البنات، فقد تبني‬ ‫أن ٤٣٪ من اإلناث في هذا االستبيان مختنات‬ ‫ألسباب قد تكون متشابهة، يأتي على رأسها‬ ‫العادات والتقاليد. كما تبني أن ٢٨٪ يعارضن فكرة‬ ‫ختان البنات، وأن ٠٤٪ من النساء املختنات يؤيدن‬ ‫هذه الظاهرة ويشددن على تطبيقها على بناتهن في‬ ‫املستقبل. بينما ٩٩٪ من الرجال في االستبيان ذاته‬ ‫يرفضون فكرة ختان البنت رفض ًا قاطع ًا وال يرون فيه‬ ‫أي فائدة تُذكر.‬ ‫ترجع مرمي حميد، ١٢ عام ًا، طالبة في إحدى‬ ‫اجلامعات، في الذاكرة إلىالسابعة من عمرها، حيث‬ ‫مت أخذها إلى منزل جدة والدها (اخلاتنة)، واملعروفة‬ ‫بالعلم والدراية الكبيرة بالطب الشعبي بني أفراد‬ ‫القبيلة، وتقول "متت ختانتي بال أية مسكنات وال أي‬ ‫تخدير موضعي، وكنت أحس عندها بكل وخزة إبرة‬ ‫وقصة مشرط!" وتشدد مرمي على أن ختان البنت أمر‬ ‫َ ّ ِ َ‬ ‫البد منه بني أفراد قبيلتها؛ حيث ُينظر لغير املختنة‬ ‫نظرة دونية وتكون محط املس ّبة واملذمة، على عكس‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫البنت املختنة والتي تُرفع قيمتها وتُعزّز مكانتها‬ ‫َ‬ ‫و ُينظر إليها بكل احترام وتقدير. واجلدير بالذكر أن‬ ‫مرمي من مناصري اخلتان وسوف تقوم وبال شك بختان‬ ‫بناتها في املستقبل، وتضيف "إذا لم يوافق زوجي‬ ‫على ختان بناتي فسوف أصر وأحاول إقناعه بكل‬ ‫السبل، ولن أستسلم مهما كلف األمر."‬ ‫وتذكر مرمي قصة إحدى صديقاتها، وهي علياء‬ ‫سعيد، ٢٢ عام ًا، فقد متت ختانتها في مرحلة‬ ‫متأخرة جدا رغم ًا عنها؛ حيث تَقدّ م خلطبتها شاب‬ ‫ً ُ‬ ‫ملتزم وعلى خلق حسن، وطلب ختانها شرطاً‬ ‫للزواج‬ ‫ُ ٍ‬ ‫منها. "لقد قمت بالبحث والسؤال عن موضوع ختان‬ ‫البنت واكتشفت أنه إذا متت عملية اخلتان بالطريقة‬ ‫الصحيحة الشرعية فال حرج وال خطر في األمر،‬ ‫"كان عمري ما يقارب ثماني سنوات عندما أخذتني‬ ‫والدتي مع أخواتي إلى املستشفى. أدخلوني وحدي‬ ‫مع املمرضة إلى غرفة بيضاء اللون، وكنت أشعر‬ ‫عندها باخلوف الشديد ألنني لم أعرف ما الذي‬ ‫يجري من حولي. طلبت مني املمرضة أن أستلقي‬ ‫على السرير، ولم أحس عندها إال بآالم حادة ناجتة‬ ‫عن وخزة اإلبرة، قامت بعدها املمرضة بأشياء أخرى‬ ‫لم أحس بها، وانتهى عندها كل شيء." هكذا‬ ‫استهلت أسماء عبيد، ١٢ عاما، طالبة، قصتها‬ ‫مع عملية اخلتان التي مت إجراؤها لها هي وأخواتها‬ ‫اخلمسة األخريات عندما أخذتهن الوالدة فيما تسميه‬ ‫"سايرين رحلة قصيرة وبنرجع!"‬ ‫يعد موضوع ختان البنات من املواضيع بالغة‬ ‫احلساسية واألهمية في املجتمع اإلماراتي مهما‬ ‫ُ ِ‬ ‫أسدلت عليها الستائر. وما زال السـؤال اجلدلي‬ ‫ً‬ ‫قائم ًا حول ما إذا كان ختان البنت أمرا يستحبه‬ ‫الدين أو تفرضه العادات والتقاليد، ومهما كان‬ ‫السبب فإن كثيرين يفضلون االجنراف مع موجة‬ ‫التقليد األعمى ملا فعله اآلباء واألجداد دون الرجوع‬ ‫أو البحث في أصل املوضوع بكل حيثياته الدينية‬ ‫والطبية.‬ ‫فأين يكمن اخللل في موضوع ختان البنات إذا‬ ‫كان أمرا قد رفع عنه القلم من الناحية الدينية؟‬ ‫وهل هناك قيود دينية وثقافية خلتان البنات يجب‬ ‫على املعنيني الرجوع إليها؟ وما هي نظرة الطب‬ ‫لهذا املوضوع؟ وهل هناك جوانب إيجابية وسلبية‬ ‫للموضوع يطغى أحدهما على اآلخر؟ وهل حق ًا يعد‬ ‫ختان البنت سلب ًا حلقوقها األنثوية التي فطرها الله‬ ‫عليها كما يدّ عي معارضو املوضوع؟ تساؤالت كثيرة‬ ‫مبهمة حتتاج إلى إجابات شافية لن يجيب عليها إال‬ ‫أهل االختصاص.‬

‫٠٤٪ من النساء اخملتنات يؤيدن‬ ‫هذه الظاهرة ويشددن على‬ ‫تطبيقها على بناتهن في‬ ‫املستقبل. بينما ٩٩٪ من‬ ‫الرجال في االستبيان ذاته‬ ‫يرفضون فكرة ختان البنت‬ ‫رفضا ًقاطعا ً‬
‫يرجع أصل ختان البنات إلى سنة ٠٠١ قبل امليالد‬ ‫في مصر، حيث أنشأ الفراعنة مفهوم اخلتان الفرعوني‬ ‫والذي تقوم فيه اخلاتنة باستئصال وإزالة املنطقة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫بأكملها، وال يترك في املختنة سوى فتحة صغيرة جدا‬ ‫ملرور البول واحليض. وال يخفى على الكثيرين أن هذا‬

‫17‬

‫عادات وتقاليد قد تؤدي إلى املوت!‬
‫وفاء املرزوقي‬

‫ختان البنات، في دولة اإلمارات العربية املتحدة، من املالم؟ )تصميم وفاء املرزوقي/كلية دبي للطالبات(‬

72

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
The previous issue showed we are interested in expressing our opinions about different issues happening in our society so we can spread awareness among members of the local community. The new issue of Desert Dawn (DD) continues to evolve and deliver exceptional standards of challenging stories. We would like to thank the DD team in general and the Applied Communications Department in particular for encouraging us to express our opinions freely. Email: desert.dawn@hct.ac.ae Telephone: +97142089530 I took 420 issues to the 2010 HCT’s annual conference- and we ran out! H.E. Shaikh nahayan stopped at the DWC booth and discussed the magazine with his group. Students from the other HCT colleges were asking for DD in the way people were collecting chocolates from the other booths! Well done to all involved. Fraser MacDonald -Audio Visual Technician-DWC What an excellent issue! Both the content and the design, particularly its cover story. It is this kind of debating level I wish to see among all HCT students all over the country. This issue undoubtedly reflects the advanced ability and courage of DWC students to intelligently and openly debate challenging, meaningful and complicated issues. Well done and I look forward to reading more challenging stories in future issues. Mustapha Karkouti-Head Coporate Affairs-HCT

your feedback is very important to us, so if you have any comment please feel free to contact us:

I got my hands on a copy of DD in the student services area and decided to skim through it, and before I realized I was actually reading through most of the articles word by word. It was definitely the most bold and daring journal I’ve read about the society and the national community. I couldn’t have expected anybody else to publish such detailed articles on such subjects, but our own Emarati nationals. Take a bow DD team. Bader Jafar Ali-Student-DMC

Please note that the DD team will not make any effort to respond to comments made by anonymous individuals. DD encourages professional and transparent communication with all members of society. Enjoy the new issue... Hessa Al Hamadi Reem Ahli DD Editors

This is certainly the most interesting issue of DD ever published. Many thanks to the team for the ground-breaking articles which broach significant topics that were formerly taboo. I think the issue will generate a lot of interest in classrooms around the college—and probably on local talk radio as well. Well done, team, and ma’brouk on the excellent issue. Steve Terney -English Faculty-DWC I would like to congratulate the DD team on the new edition. The topics will help in raising awareness among members of the local community about important issues. Mayada Essa-Marketing & Community Outreach Supervisor-DWC Wonderful job! nice to see such a wide range of topics covered. Having the Emirati community perspective enhances this issue. Robin Bishop -Library Supervisor-DWC

just read your magazine and I must say I am truly impressed and proud for the fact that FInAlly a magazine catered to Emiratis, although I myself am not local but originally from Kenya and born and raised in Abu Dhabi. I have always been curious about the issues that Emiratis face especially when it comes to sexual identity, rape and women’s rights. I look forward to more of your articles, and will be more than happy to contribute in any way I can. Faiza Hamisi - Administrative Assistant - New York University Abu Dhabi

The 2011 Emirates Airline Festival of Literature. 8th – 12th March at The Cultural And Scientific Association at Al Mamzar and the InterContinental Hotel, Dubai Festival City. Buy tickets at www.emirateslitfest.com and all Magrudy's shops.

Dubai Women’s College

P.O. Box 16062, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

TEL: 04 267 2929, www.dwc.hct.ac.ae

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