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Part A. Analyse the text on page 22 and write what these pronouns refer to.

1. “their” (Intro – line 6): _______________

2. “it” (paragraph 1 – line 3): ____________
3. “it” (paragraph 2 – line 4): _______________
4. “it” (paragraph 5 – line 2): _______________
Part B. Analyse the text and fill in the blanks with the correct form of the words given in the boxes below.


compete ……………..……………….1 ……………………………….2 competitive
found X ……………………………….3 X
organise organisation ……………………………….4 X
participate participation ……………………………….5 X
X adventure ……………………………….6 ……………………….7

Part C. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the words in the parenthesis.

1. The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events in which thousands of athletes
from around the world participate in a variety of ____________________. (COMPETE)
2. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was a Turkish field marshal, revolutionary statesman, author and the ____________________
of the Republic of Turkey. (FOUND)
3. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international ____________________ which works in the field of the
wilderness preservation and the reduction of human impact on the environment. (ORGANISE)
4. The Bee-Wearing contest is one of the world’s most bizarre competitions in which plenty of
people ____________________ to show their bravery. It is held in China every year and the
____________________ that carries the heaviest swarm of bees is the winner. (PARTICIPATION)
5. Each year, National Geographic asks writers, photographers, filmmakers and athletes to tell us
which explorers and ____________________ inspired them most. Before he was named one of
National Geographic’s 2018 Adventurers of the Year, Alex Honnold also successfully completed an
ambitious Antarctic climbing expedition. In an interview, he said: “I would never call myself an
adventurer, but I guess I have an ____________________ spirit.” (ADVENTURE)

Part D. Analyse the text on page 22 and find the words in the table below. Then match them with their definitions.

1. ultimate (adj) (Intro) a. a feeling of extreme excitement, usually because of something pleasant
2. off-road (adj) (Intro) b. an ability to do an activity or job well, especially because you have practised it
3. thrill (n) (Intro) c. the larger number or part of something
4. endurance (n) (Intro) d. making you feel admiration because they are very special, important, or skilful
5. skill (n) (Intro) e. something that needs great mental or physical effort to do successfully and
therefore tests a person's ability
6. landscape (n) (Intro) f. relating to or using a vehicle or a bicycle that can be used on rough ground as well
as on normal roads
7. impressive (adj) (Intro) g. the ability to keep doing something difficult, unpleasant, or painful for a long time
8. challenge (n) (prg.1) h. a person who watches an activity, especially a sports event, without taking apart
9. majority (n) (prg.4) i. most extreme or important because either the original or final, or the best or worst
10. spectator (n) (prg. 4) j. everything you can see when you look across a large area of land, especially in the

Part E. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the words in Part D.

1. What makes him remarkable as a photographer is his ___________________ in capturing the moments.
2. It is going to be a difficult job; however, I’m sure she’ll overcome all the __________________ that she may face.
3. The _______________ of the young people in Turkey are unemployed although they are university graduates.
4. Bungee jumping is an increasingly popular choice for many _______________ seekers who are into adventure and
5. The stadium was packed with cheering ___________________ last night.
6. Haruki Murakami is considered one of the most ____________________ writers of the 21 st century.
7. Of course the __________________ responsibility for learning belongs to students without a doubt.
8. If you want to make your dreams of racing in a/an _______________ truck a reality, we welcome all drivers to jump
behind the wheel and drive in an annual race in Las Vegas.
9. My cousin has just started going to the gym regularly to build up his strength and
10. As part of Central Anatolia’s historical region, Cappadocia gets its unique and
breathtaking _______________ from centuries of historic volcanic eruptions and long-term

Part F. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the words in the boxes. Two words are


Do you remember the days when you sat by a calm lake with your
friends or your siblings, and throw rocks? Nostalgic, isn’t it? If by any
chance you are a master stone-skimmer, then you should visit Scotland
this fall for the World Stone Skimming Championship. The idea of having
a tournament for stone skimming started as a joke at a local bar, but it
later became a serious championship which ____________________ (1)
a lot of skimmers from Scotland, Wales, Britain, the Netherlands and the
United States and India. Over 300 ____________________ (2) go to
Scotland every year to take part in the championship. Moreover,
hundreds of ____________________ (3) come along to watch the
championship. The contestants break records and even get their names
in the Guinness Book of World Records. If you are up to it and share the
same ____________________ (4) as other participants, go get a couple
of dozens of pebbles and practice stone skimming.
(Adapted from:

Part G. Analyse the following sentences from the text (on page 22) and discuss what the words in bold mean.

1. “Riders and drivers of motorbikes, quads, cars and trucks from all over the world take part in an annual race that tests
their endurance and racing abilities.” (Intro)
“take part in something”: _________________________________________________________________________
2. “Since then, it has been taking place in South America; more specifically, in Argentina, Peru, Chile and Bolivia.”
(paragraph 2)
“take place”: ___________________________________________________________________________________