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Reprinted from Chemical Plants + Processing April 1984 NO, from combustion Formation and Suppression by means of Recycling Burners trogen oxides and $0, are the Primary ‘harmful "emissténe rom Fiig nia conmmvion processes. A fesivion of hese eects a erscog {howe tanks of saonmenaal prose: on withtopprorly. Where asthe for Imation of 80, a0 combustion pro- {lett the tue suiphurie unevoldabie nd has fo be siminated from ine Tus {es, our knowledge ofthe formation of firogen ones enables us to vod sucies formation orto radoce Weal Startay. Tne paper diecuseos tho reduetion of NO" i rcyeing burners nd efor proof oI. A sketch about ihe forming mechanism of nitrogen ‘xidee a given at et for a Detar naan. INO, from combustion form almost exclu- sively as NO. It changes to NO, at temperatures below 620°C and sufficient Fesidence time with oxygen from its surroundings and becomes visible as brownish-red plume al concentrations of above 850 ppm. Because of its diverse forming mechanisms we distinguish bet- ‘ween thermal NO from the nitrogen of the ‘combustion air and chemical NO from the {fixed nitrogen in the fuel Thermal NO, ‘Thermal NO'is formed by O, and N, at high temperature and sufficient residence time. This. formation of thermal NO is called Zeldovie mechanism afer its disco vere “and behaves according to the ‘equation given in fig 1. (Culmination of the NO formation is Feached ai approximately 2000° C and decreases. drastically with increasing temperatures.) ‘The time necessary to form NO is taken to be infinite and thus not considered. In reality, NO is formed between 0 and 5 ‘seconds almost proportional tothe time of reaction. Ifthe time of reaction = 0, then No =0. lis possible to predict the quantity of thermal NO, assuming ideal conditions {adiabatic combustion). However, this is ‘not possible for real combustion systems with ezine time £3 & NOx formation of eying burr ona sateg tae werkng Wh pabeied combustion san Caloric Gesellschaft fur Apparatebau mgH « Lohensstrasse 12 ‘82166 Graefelfing (near Munich / Germany) Phone: +49 (0) 89-8 98 19-0» Fax: +49 (0) 89-8 98 19-104 email: info@caloric.de - www.caloric.com