Sie sind auf Seite 1von 45

Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

ENGLISH 8
1st Quarter, Week 1, Activity 1
(Determine the meaning of words and expressions that reflect the local culture by
noting context clues.)

WHAT IS A CONTEXT CLUE?

A context clue is information that appears near a word or phrase and offers
direct or indirect suggestions about its meaning. Using context clues allow you
to figure out a word you do not know without having to use a dictionary. Use
the words around the word you do not know to help you learn the meaning.
The student must read the sentence and sentences around the confusing word
to get an idea of what the words they do not know means. This is using
context. Often, there are clues around the word you do not know that helps
give you the meaning.

Different types of context clues.

1. DEFINITION / DESCRIPTION CLUE


The new term may be formally defined, or sufficient explanation may be given within the
sentence or in the following sentence. Clues to definition include “that is,” commas, dashes,
and parentheses.
Example:
His emaciation, that is, his skeleton-like appearance, was frightening to see.
“Skeleton-like appearance” is the definition of “emaciation.”

2. EXAMPLE CLUES
These clues might be found nearby that helps to explain its meaning.
( Words like including, such as, and for example, point out example clues.)
Example:
Piscatorial creatures, such as flounder, salmon, and trout, live in the coldest parts of the
ocean.(“Piscatorial” obviously refers to fish. )

3. SYNONYM RESTATEMENT CLUE

1
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

The meaning of an unknown word is given because it repeats an idea expressed in familiar
words nearby. Synonyms are words with the same meaning.
Example:
Flooded with spotlights – the focus of all attention – the new Miss America began her
year-long reign. She was the cynosure of all eyes for the rest of the evening.
(“Cynosure” means “the focus of all attention.”)

4. CONTRAST / ANTONYM CLUE


Antonyms are words with opposite meanings. An opposite meaning context clue contrasts the
meaning of an unfamiliar word with the meaning of a familiar term. Words like “although,”
“however,” and “but” may signal contrast clues.

Example:
The children were as different as day and night. He was a lively conversationalist, but she
was reserved and taciturn.
(“Taciturn” means the opposite of a “lively conversationalist.”)

5. EXPERIENCE CLUE
Sometimes a reader knows from experience how people or things act in a given situation. This
knowledge provides the clue to a word’s meaning.
Example:
She walked away from her closet and quickly slipped a jersey over her head. She
smoothed it into place over her hips, added a belt, glanced at the mirror, and left for
work.
(“jersey means a shirt made of knitted cloth)

Task 1 Directions : Understand the sentence to identify the synonym of the italicized
word. These words will help you understand the essay wrote by Francisco Benitez “
What is an educated Filipino ?”

1. We should understand that the Government’s shortcomings affect the development


of our country.
a. fund b. failures c. attitude
2. Before we become a good citizen , we need to undergo fundamental changes in our
lives.
a. important b. different c. many
3.Everyone has the privilege to have quality education.
a. experience b. rights c. awards

2
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Directions : Understand the sentence to identify the antonym of the italicized word.
These words will help you understand the essay wrote by Francisco Benitez “What is
an educated Filipino?”
1. If you believe that you can do it then your faith is not superficial.
a. shallow b. deep c. consistent
2.We can recognize that respect to the elders is ingrained to the Filipinos.
a.forgotten b. demonstrated c. unchangeable
3. When the people started to help each other , then solidarity is present.
a.dissatisfaction b.disagreement c.discrimination

Task 2 Word Mystery


Each sentence has context clues to help you figure out the meaning of the
highlighted word. Circle the correct meaning of each highlighted word.

1. The long hike up to the top of the mountain was extremely grueling .
a. loud b. tiring c. easy
2. The conspicuous man wore a purple wig and large sunglasses.
a. easily noticed b. beautiful c. sleeping
3. I was so parched , I drank an entire glass of water in one gulp.
a. hungry b. thirsty c. sleepy
4. The delightful aroma of food cooking in the kitchen made my mouth water.
a. smell b. color c. wealth
5. The parking lot was so congested , it took half an hour to get out!
a. empty b. hot c. crowded

TASK 3 Directions: Identify the meaning of the underlined words from the story of “
The Hands of the Blacks” by Luis Bernardo Honwana based on its used in the
sentence.
1. I thought of this when Father Christiano , a priest , who told us after catechism that
we were absolutely hopeless.What does Father Christiano teach?
a. religions b. enchantments c. witchcrafts d. sorceries

3
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

2. He told us that even the pygmies were better than us, and he went back to this thing
about their hands being lighter. What kind of people those who are called “pygmies”?
a. pitiful. b. insignificant c. aggressive d. wild
3. I do not know if it was real, but he assured me that those stories are a baloney.
a. statements. b. lies c. praises. d. jokes
4. They got hold of some clay and pressed it into some second-hand molds and baked
the clay of creatures, which they took from the heavenly kilns.
a. fan. b. bowl c. oven d. stove
5. They were in a hurry and there was no room next to the fire, they hung them in the
chimneys.
a. ceiling b. roof c. oven d. fireplace

TASK 4 A. Directions: Identify the synonym of the underlined word from the
context clues or words around it. Encircle your answer.
Example: The decorations are unattractive because of its dull colors.
1.He proclaimed that the aged people should be abandoned and deserted at the top of
the mountain and leave them there to die.
2.The cruel leader ordered a barbarous command which was to kill all the aged people.
3. She breaks twigs of the tree so that her son will see these branches in going down of
the mountain.
4.The governor abolished his proclamation because he realized that when he killed
them, he also ended the source of wisdom in their town.
5.The wisdom of the aged people cannot be compared to the knowledge of the young
people.

B. In the space provided, write a synonym for each underlined word as it is used in context.
1. His lucid lectures, along with his clearly presented explanations, made him a
popular
professor. _____________________

2. Their vociferous chatter made me wish I had ear plugs._____________________

3. He was so impudent to his mother that I would have punished him if he talked

4
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

to me that
way. ____________________
4. The Russians are skillful at sending cryptic messages, open to many
interpretations.
Our State Department spends days puzzling over their
meanings._____________________

5. The Great Flood of Noah’s day was caused by incessant rain that fell for 40
days and
nights. _____________________

TASK 5 Find the Meaning from the Text


Part of reading comprehension involves using the other words in a sentence or passage
to understand an unknown word. An author often includes hints, or clues, to help the reader
expand vocabulary and grasp the meaning of the passage. Applying what you have learned,
you have to identify the meaning of the unfamiliar words from the text.
“The Velveteen Rabbit” is a story of a stuffed toy that is given to a little boy for Christmas. At
first the rabbit is not played with very much. But later, the little boy finds he likes the rabbit
best of all. Below is a paragraph from the beginning of the story.

The Velveteen Rabbit


by Margery Williams

For a long time he lived in the toy cupboard or on the nursery floor. No one thought
very much about him. He was naturally shy. Being only made of velveteen, some of the more
expensive toys quite snubbed him. The mechanical toys were very superior and looked down
upon everyone else. They were full of modern ideas, and they pretended they were real. The
model boat, who had lived through two seasons and lost most of his paint, caught the tone
from them. He never missed an opportunity of referring to his rigging in technical terms.
The Rabbit could not claim to be a model of anything, for he didn’t know that real

rabbits existed. He thought they were all stuffed with sawdust like himself. He
understood that sawdust was quite out-of-date and should never be mentioned in modern
circles.

5
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Match the Meanings Write the letter of the word on the right which has almost the same
meaning as the word or phrase on the left. Use the words in the text to understand the
meaning.

1. naturally A. talking about


2. velveteen B. chance
3. expensive C. old fashioned
4. snubbed D. soft wood chips
5. superior E. times of the year
6. seasons F. soft cloth
7. opportunity G. usually
8. referring to H. lived
9. technical I. special knowledge
10. existed J. ignored
11. sawdust K. cost a lot of money
12. out-of-date L. stuck
Task 6. Write the most appropriate word that will complete the given sentences
below. Find the correct answer from the choices inside the box. These words will
help you understand the essay “ Why Sinigang?” of Doreen Joy Fernandez .

boiled gleaming ubiquitous ancestors


delicacies proliferation blandness blest

1. We should be proud that our country is _________ with rich culture and traditions.
2.The head chef noticed the __________of recipes prepared by the newly hired cook.
3. The rapid ________________of the vaccine all over the world calmed the citizens.
4. The sugar will dissolve easily in a _____________ water.
5. Online sellers aim to make their products _______________ by selling it
internationally.
6.You won’t be able to stop yourself from staring at the __________effect of the
meteors tonight.
7.Filipinos are popular in serving and preparing their _____________ in every
occasions.
8.Our ___________ are the heroes whose names were written in the history because
they fought for freedom and unity.

6
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Task 7 Directions: Explain the message of the following lines from the poem “I am an
African Child” of Eku McGRed by searching the meaning of the italicized words.
Lines Explanation
Often the target of pity
My future is not confine to
charity
Teach me discipline, teach me
character, teach me hard work
Teach me to think like the star
within me
Do not hide my fault
show me my wrong
I am like any other;
I am the son, daughter of the soil
Rich in texture and content
Full of potential for a better
tomorrow
We are the new generation
Not afraid to be us
Uniquely gifted, black and
talented
Born with a skin the color of
chocolate
Bright, brilliant and articulate
Strong and bold; I'm gifted
Give me a dream, a door of
opportunity;
I will thrive
Give me a library with books
Give me a scrap yard and
discarded electronics
Give me a broken bicycle;

7
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Task 8 Directions: read each sentence and determine the meaning of the word using cross
sentence clues or your prior knowledge. Then, explain what clues in the sentence helped you
determine the word meaning.

1. Confiscate: Joanne’s mother came up to the school to get the cell phone the teacher had
confiscated.
Definition:___________________________________________________________________
What clues in the sentence lead you to your definition?

2. Obedient: Unlike her older brother Jerome, who stayed out all hours of the night, Kate
obediently followed the curfew her parents set.
Definition:___________________________________________________________________
What clues in the sentence lead you to your definition?

3. Consume: John was so hungry that he consumed the cranberry muffin and went back for a
donut.
Definition:___________________________________________________________________
What clues in the sentence lead you to your definition?

4. Coax: After the bird escaped, Chris tried to coax it back into the cage with treats.
Definition:___________________________________________________________________
What clues in the sentence lead you to your definition?

5. Peculiar: Since it was a school day, Denise thought it was peculiar that she saw no children
on the street during her drive to work.
Definition:____________________________________________________________________

What clues in the sentence lead you to your definition?

ENGLISH 8
1st Quarter, Week 2, Activity 2

8
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

(Use conventions in citing sources)

SOURCE- a person, book, documents, etc. that gives information

Primary Sources- direct or first-hand evidence about an event, object,


person, or work of art –
-provide the original materials
-Published materials can be viewed as primary resources if they come
from the time period that is being discussed, and were written or produced
by someone with firsthand experience of the event.
-Primary sources can be written or non-written (sound, pictures, artifacts,
etc.).
-In scientific research, primary sources present original thinking, report on
discoveries, or share new information.

Secondary Sources- describe, discuss, interpret, comment upon,


analyze, evaluate, summarize, and process primary sources.
-It is generally one or more steps removed from the event or time period
and are written or produced after the fact with the benefit of hindsight.
-It often lacks the freshness and immediacy of the original material.

Task 1 Match the items in Set A with the items in Set B


A B
1. Artifacts  a. It is a collection of various maps of the earth
2. Atlas b. It is a topically organized book of reference on a
certain field of knowledge.
3. Diaries c. It is a book in which one keeps a daily record of
events and experiences.
4. Dictionary d. They are shorter than books and written about very
specific topic
5. Journal Articles e. a printed publication (usually issued daily or
weekly) consisting of folded unstapled sheets and
containing news, feature articles, etc.
6. News paper f. Is a listing of words in one or more specific
languages, often arranged alphabetically which may

9
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

include information on definitions, usage,


etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
7. Encyclopedias g. an object made by a human being, typically an item
of cultural or historical interest.
8. Almanacs h. a book or set of books giving information on many
subjects or on many aspects of one subject and
typically arranged alphabetically.
9. Gazeteers i. a list of the books of a specific author or publisher,
or on a specific subject.
10. Bibliographies j. an annual calendar containing important dates and
statistical information such as astronomical data and
tide tables.
11. Handbooks k. provide information about people who are or were
well-known: their birth and death dates and
descriptions of their lives and accomplishments.
12. Author CardCatalog l. Type of card catalog organized by the last name of
the author.
13. Title CardCatalog M. catalog card serving as a subject entry in a library
card catalog.
14. Biographical Resources. N. a library catalog in which books and other works
are listed only under their titles usually arranged
alphabetically
15. Subject CardCatalog O. is a geographical dictionary or directory, an
important reference for information about places and
place names

Task 2 Determine if the source would be a Primary Source (P) or a secondary


source (S).
a. A friend giving a report about the Industrial Revolution's changes in Africa.
b. A biography about the President of Africa.
c. A newspaper article describing last night's storm.
d. A letter from John Smith about his meeting with the Powhatan Indians.
e. The History Channel' explaining how life was for a slave
f. My mother has CDs of my grandparents telling stories about when they are still
kids. We love to listen to these when we have our monthly gathering. What are
we listening to?

10
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

g. When I am doing homework for Philippine Constitution and I read the


commentaries of Supreme Court Justices on landmark cases
h. I am writing an essay on Ferdinand Marcos for our AralingPanlipunan class. I
used articles from Encyclopedia and Malacanang.gov.ph.
i. I found a letter to one of my friends in his desk after school the other day. I know
it’s private, but I want to read it! What is the letter?
j. I was watching Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) and one of the reporters
said he had heard good reviews about a new sports movie. When he talks about
the movie, what is he/she?
Task 3 Determine if the source of the following would be Primary Source (PS) or a
Secondary Source (SS)
1. A play showing how Benjamin Franklin flew a kite during a thunderstorm. _____
2. Anne Frank’s diary describing her life during World War II. ________
3. A cartoon showing Mulan disguising as her father in war. ________
4. A news report about reopening Bataan Nuclear Power Plant. ________
5. A textbook describing the economy of the Philippines. ________
6. A YouTube video describing how pyramids were built. ________
7. A radio broadcast from the day COVID19 spread in the Philippines. ________
8. An autobiography of Miriam Defensor Santiago. _______
9. A book describing Ferdinand Magellan setting foot on Philippine shores. ______
10. A journal by a victim of Martial Law._________

Task 4 Guess Me! Tell what is asked?

1. You, want a first-hand information about how it feels being bullied, what will you do to
get the answer to your query?
a. conduct an interview b. read a magazine c. watch television
2. Your assignment is to list down the effects of drugs in human body, where will you
get the information?
a. newspaper b. interview c. textbook d. diary
3. You are tasked to collect data about the origin and effects of corona virus, what will
you do to have the first hand data about it?
a. Interview b. research c. review articles d. all
4. The leader of your group asked you to help him to complete his research on
malnutrition of children in your barangay, what will you look for and do to assist him?
a. Research data b. diaries c. journals d. artifacts

11
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

5. At school we use textbooks to study about the history of our country Philippines and
other countries as well. When we use textbooks, what are we using?
a. primary source b. secondary source c. both. d. none of them

Task 5 Give the possible sources of information in expanding the topic below. Write
under each item the possible information mentioned in the material read.

Topic 1. STOP CHILD ABUSE


I. Introduction
A. Child Abuse Meaning
B. Forms of child Abuse
C. Signs and Symptoms
II. Short and Long Term Effects
A. Short term effects to the abused child
B. Long term effects of the abuse child
II. Preventions
A. Personal Experiences
B. Ways to avoid being abused/ Why should stop child

Topic 2 Be a friend, not a bully!


I. Introduction
A. Bullying meaning
B. Republic Act 10627
II. Causes
A.Family Orientation
B.Early childhood experiences
III. Psychological Effects
A. Self-Esteem Deterioration
B. Suicide

A citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual
works that you utilized to support your research. It can also be used to locate sources
and fight plagiarism. Typically, a citation can include the author's name, date, location of
the publishing company and journal title.

12
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Citations have several important purposes :

• To uphold intellectual honesty and avoiding plagiarism


• To give credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other’s
work without plagiarizing.
• Citing sources strengthens scholar’s work by lending outside support to researcher's
ideas.
•People also count citations to a paper as an indication of how important or influential
the paper has been.

The following are the sample formats on how to cite a source material.
Book

Jimenez, C. M. (2015). Deaf Children. Bataan: Jimenez Publishing House


Inc.

Journal
Jimenez , C. M. (2015). Sign Language : Hearing Impaired Learners.
National Language, 200-250.

Encyclopedia

Jimenez, C. M. (1995). Hearning-Imparired Language . In Encyclopedia on


Linguistics. Volume 7. Bataan : Jimenez Publishing House Inc.

Electronic Sources
Jimenez, C. M. (2015). Deaf Children. Google. Retrieved from
http://www.ornl.gov/hgmis/publicat/primer/intro.html

Task 6 Directions: Follow the format to make a citation for every type of information
source material below. Formulate your own citation and use the given picture to get the
other information. The following formats follow APA Style.
1.Book
_________ , __ . ___. (_________).
Last Name , FI. MI. (Year Published). .

13
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

___________________. _______________:___________.
Book Title . Place of Publication . Publisher.

2.Encyclopedia
_________ , __ . ___. (_________). __________________.In Encyclopedia on_________.
Last Name , FI. MI. (Year Published). Article Title . Topic
______________. __________________:________.
Volume /Pages . Place of Publication . Publisher.

3.Journal
_________ , __ . ___. (_________). _________________. __________, ______.
Last Name , FI. MI. (Year Published). ArticleTitle . Journal name ,page number.

4. Electronic Sources
_________ , __ . ___. (_________). ________________________. _________.__________
Last Name , FI. MI. (Year Published). Title Page . Site name . URL

14
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Task 7

Directions: Arranged the following information to make a citation. Consider the type of
source material given. Write your answer inside the box.
a. Book
Philippine English
Maria L. Mercado
2020
Phoenix Publishing House, Inc.
Manila

b. Journal
2018
Gloria M. Jimenez
Information and Culture
A Journal of History
pages 334-335

c. Encyclopedia
Photosynthesis
World Book Encyclopedia
Rudolfo G. Lee
Volume 7 , pages 30-32
New York

15
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Rodale Press

d. Magazine

2014
Pages 4-5
Trixie S. Boston
Tech’s Biggest Promises
Time Magazine

Task 8 Directions: Complete the table below by providing proofs and citations in
every question. Follow the previous patterns you answered on how to cite a source.
Part 1
Questions Proofs Citations
Example : What is the Nihongo is an East Asian Brann, C.M.B. 1994. "The
language of Japanese? language spoken by about National Language
128 million people, Question: Concepts and
primarily in Japan, where it Terminology." Logos ,125–
is the national language. 134.
How do Japanese do the
tea ceremony?

How do Japanese
celebrate New Year ?

What is the Traditional


Japanese Clothing ?

What does “ chopsticks”


symbolize?

What is “haiku”?

16
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Part 2. Directions: Complete the table below by searching information and citations for
every topic. Follow the previous patterns you answered on how to cite a source.
Topics Important Information Citation

COVID- 19

Campaign against Animal


Cruelty
Effects of Social Media

Animal Kingdom

People with Disability

ENGLISH 8
1st Quarter, Week 3, Activity 3
(Use modal verbs, nouns and adverbs appropriately)

Modality- is about a speaker’s or a writer’s attitude towards the world. A speaker


or writer can express certainty, possibility, willingness, obligation, necessity and
ability by using modal words and expressions.
(https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/modal )

17
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Modals - are special form of verbs that are combined with main verbs to form
special meaning.
MODAL VERBS are used not for situations / things that have definitely
happened, BUT to talk about things we expect, which are possible, which we
think are necessary, which we are not sure about, etc
Modals Use examples
Can Ability I can swim.
Could Past ability I could not see him
( past tense)
Will Willingness I will make dinner.
A promise I will call at 4pm
Futurity The summer will be very hot.
Would Conditional If I had time, I would travel
Past tense of will more.
He said he would come.
May Permission May I use your phone
possibility It may rain today.
Might Polite permission Might I suggest an idea.
possibility Mervin might be at the park.
Should Advice, suggestion, You should stop smoking.
recommendation You ought to stop smoking.
obligation I should put make – up on my
face.
Must Strong obligation You must stop when the traffic
Strong possibility/ turns red.
inference He’s been working all day
Shall long. He must be really tired
Suggestion (used
instead of will in the Shall I carry your bag?
Ought to 1st person)
You ought to drive carefully
in bad weather.
Advice You ought to switch off the
Obligation light when you leave the
(similar room.
to should – ought
to sounds a little less
subjective)

18
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Modal Adverb- expresses degrees of probability or certainty.


Probably, certainly, definitely and surely
Example:
I will probably be there
I will definitely be there.

Modal Noun- shows degrees of certainty possibility or obligation. It is a certainty. That


is, something that is possible, certain, or that you should do.
Probability, certainty, necessity, chance
(http://lib.oup.com.au/he/study_skills/samples/winch_grammar_sample.pdf)
Example
There is a possibility of snow this evening.

Task 1 Tell if the sentence used modal verbs , modal nouns and modal
adverbs.
1. I really might be going to the party on Saturday. _____________
2. Surely you can't mean to vote for that candidate!_____________
3. I am certain I will pass my test next week. _____________
4. It is likely that Matt will get an A in Chemistry.______________
5. He shall bring the food very soon.________________
6. We can definitely win the championship game.________________
7. We will run for a cause.______
8. You should stop smoking because it is bad for you. _______________
9. There is a chance that I can throw the frisbee about fifteen feet._____________
10. There is a probability that he might tell the truth to the teacher._______________

Source:https://books.google.com.ph/books?
id=bBRgbiMCOwoC&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23&dq=modal+nouns&source=bl&ots=WRBFwFt_Lh&sig=ACfU3
U3UKqp4qhY4e8qNJOsWoaon2CklBg&hl=fil&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi23ZCJxK3qAhVnzzgGHQFqD_YQ6
AEwGXoECAsQAQ#v=onepage&q=modal%20nouns&f=false
Task 2 Choose the correct model verb in each sentence.
1. Ericka ___________ play the violin well. (can, should)
2. __________ you tell me where the library is? (May, Could)
3. __________ I close the window? (Could, Should)
4. __________ I know your name? (Can, May)
5. You _________ give her a call. She was too depressed. (could, should)

19
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Task 3 In the first sentence encircle the MODAL VERB. Remember, modal verbs
are made ‘negative’ by adding the word ‘not’. Then, in the second sentence underline
the MODAL ADVERB.
1. You can’t have said that to her! Surely you can’t have said that to her!
2. I might tell you all about it. I might just tell you all about it.
3. You shouldn’t have gone to so much trouble. You really shouldn’t have gone to so
much trouble.
4. I will call you tomorrow. I will definitely call you tomorrow.
5. You can’t be serious! You can’t possibly be serious.
6. She must have forgotten it. She obviously must have forgotten it.
7. He could help us a lot. He could probably help us a lot
8. I can’t remember when I first met her. I can’t exactly remember when I first met her.
9. You should take up that course. You should absolutely take up that course.
10. It must be very cold on the east coast. Surely, it is very cold in the east coast.
(https://www.primaryresources.co.uk/english/pdfs/modal_verbs_adverbs.pdf)

Task 4 Complete each sentence B so that it has a similar meaning to sentence A.


Use a modal verb from the box and the correct form of the verb in brackets. Then
identify if sentence A used modal noun or modal adverb.
CAN’T - MAY - MIGHT NOT - MUST
1. A : I’m very sure schools 50 years ago wouldn’t be the same as they are nowadays
(BE)
B : Schools 50 years ago ________________________ very different from nowadays.
2. A : Possibly, Josef will go to school by bus . (TAKE)
B : Josef ___________________________ the bus to school.
3. A : I’m certain their holiday may not be very nice because the weather is bad
(HAVE).
B : With such terrible weather , they ___________________________ a very nice
holiday.
4. A : Jane could certainly remember how to get here (FORGET).
B : Jane ____________________________ how to get here.
5. A : I’m sure Chloe has to look for her watch (FIND).

20
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

B : Chloe ______________________________ her watch by now.


6. A : We are certainly going to trail wrong direction (MISS).
B : Yes, we _______________________________ a turning.
7. A : Shakespeare and Voltaire weren’t alive at the same time, so they definitely
couldn’t meet
(KNOW).
B : Shakespeare and Voltaire weren’t alive at the same time , so they ____________
each other .8. A : Alison looks happy about her exam results, so she certainly has to
do well (DO)

B : Alison looks happy about her exam results, so she ______________________well.


9. A : I’m not sure it will br right to blame Ray for that mistake (MAKE).
B : Ray ______________________________ that mistake.
10. A : Joe can’t open the door . There is a possibility that he can’t remember where he
put the key (LOSE)
B : Joe can’t open the door. He _____________________________ the key.
Task 5
Instructions:
1. You are a doctor and a patient of yours has a severe cough.
2. You will recommend or advice your patient.
3. Write five (5) recommendations using the modal MUST/CAN/ MAY and another
five (5) recommendations using SHOULD./MIGHT/OUGHT TO. You can use modal
nouns or modal adverbs

Doctor’s Name: _____________________________

Modal: MUST/CAN/ MAY


Recommendations:
1._____________________________________________________________.

21
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

2. _____________________________________________________________.
3.______________________________________________________________.
4. ______________________________________________________________.
5. ______________________________________________________________.

Modal: SHOULD/MIGHT/ OUGHT TO


Recommendations:
1. ______________________________________________________________.
2. ______________________________________________________________.
3. ______________________________________________________________.
4. ______________________________________________________________.
5. ______________________________________________________________

Task 6 Choose one character in any story that you admire the most. Narrate his/her journey
according to the story by filling in the character form below. Use modal verb, noun and adverb.

CHARACTER
Name :

Gender:

Likes:

illustration Dislikes:

Occupation:

22
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Describe yourself:

What happened to you in the story ? (Your role in the story)

Task 7:
Activity 7: Fill in the gaps with the correct option:

1. You ……………… 2. Paul …………… borrow 3. She …………… wear a 4. We …………… to go to


smoke here. books at the library. uniform. school at weekends.
a. shouldn’t a. has to a. must a. mustn’t
b. must b. can b. doesn’t have to b. don’t have to
c. mustn’t c. mustn’t c. doesn’t need to c. can’t
23
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Source: https://englishlinx.com/cgi-bin/pdf_viewer.cgi?script_name=%2Fpdf%2FAdjectives-Underlining-P-1-
Intermediate.pdf&x=77&y=20

TASK 8 Directions: Write sentences using modal verb, noun and adverb with each word
given below.
Example : won’t
Answer: (Modal verb) I won’t wake up early.
(Modal noun) I am certain, I won’t wake up early.
(Modal adverb) I surely won’t wake up early.

1. would-___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
2. must-_____________________________________________________________

24
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
3. may-_____________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
4. should-___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
5.can ________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

ENGLISH 8
1st Quarter, Week 4, Activity 4
Identify and use signals that indicate coherence

Let’s try this!!! Fill in the blanks using AND, SO, BECAUSE, BUT or OR.

1. I could not go out last night _____ I was too busy.

2. I could not go with my friend _____ he went without me.

3. My friend went to the cinema to see a film _____ the film wasn't very good.

4. The cinema was full of people _____ they were all smoking.

5. I like people ____ I don't like smoke.

6. Do you want an orange juice ____ a guava juice?

7. It was my birthday _____ he didn't send me a card.

25
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

8. I didn't write to him _____ he didn't write to me. 

9. We couldn’t contact him _____ we didn’t have his number.

10. The new department store is now open _____ it is offering big discounts.

Part B: Complete the short story below with appropriate cohesive devices.

Mary could not go out with me _____ I invited Anne instead. Anne was very happy to
accept my invitation _____ the film was very popular. Anne and I had a good time
_____ next day Mary was very angry. "Do you love me _____ do you love Anne?" she
asked me. "I like both you _____ Anne," I answered. "Look!" said Mary. "Either you go
out with me _____ you go out with Anne. You can't love both me _____ Anne at the
same time." "Why not?" I answered. "_____ it's not fair." I asked Mary if she would go
out with me tonight _____ she said that she had a new boyfriend _____ didn't want to
see me again _____ I didn't really love her. I phoned Anne _____ she said she was
busy _____ now I'm alone.

Transitional Devices
Transitional devices are like bridges between parts of your paper. They are cues
that help the reader to interpret ideas a paper develops. Transitional devices are
words or phrases that help carry a thought from one sentence to another, from
one idea to another, or from one paragraph to another. And finally, transitional
devices link sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no
abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas.

List of some common transitional devices that can be used to cue readers in a
given way.
To Add:
and, again, and then, besides, equally important, finally, further, furthermore, nor, too,
next, lastly, what's more, moreover, in addition, first (second, etc.)
To Compare:
whereas, but, yet, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, by
comparison, where, compared to, up against, balanced against, vis a vis, but, although,
conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast, although this may be true
To Prove:
because, for, since, for the same reason, obviously, evidently, furthermore, moreover,
besides, indeed, in fact, in addition, in any case, that is

26
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

To Show Exception:
yet, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, of course, once in a while,
sometimes
To Show Time:
immediately, thereafter, soon, after a few hours, finally, then, later, previously, formerly,
first (second, etc.), next, and then
To Repeat:
in brief, as I have said, as I have noted, as has been noted
To Emphasize:
definitely, extremely, obviously, in fact, indeed, in any case, absolutely, positively,
naturally, surprisingly, always, forever, perennially, eternally, never, emphatically,
unquestionably, without a doubt, certainly, undeniably, without reservation
To Show Sequence:
first, second, third, and so forth. A, B, C, and so forth. next, then, following this, at this
time, now, at this point, after, afterward, subsequently, finally, consequently, previously,
before this, simultaneously, concurrently, thus, therefore, hence, next, and then, soon
To Give an Example:
for example, for instance, in this case, in another case, on this occasion, in this
situation, take the case of, to demonstrate, to illustrate, as an illustration, to illustrate
To Summarize or Conclude:
in brief, on the whole, summing up, to conclude, in conclusion, as I have shown, as I
have said, hence, therefore, accordingly, thus, as a result, consequently
To signal relation in time:
before, meanwhile, later, soon, at last, earlier, thereafter, afterward, by that time,
from then on, first, next, now, presently

Example: We will visit Baguio soon.


To signal similarity:
likewise, similarly, once again, once more

Example: Maria loves music. Likewise, Ana likes singing.


To signal Difference:
but, yet, however, although, whereas, though, even so, nonetheless, still, on the
other hand, on the contrary

Example: There are no classes tomorrow. However, the activity must be submitted
this week.

27
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

To signal consequences:
as a result, consequently, therefore, hence, for this reason

Example: It rained last night. As a result, the wind is cold.

TASK 1 Underline the cohesive or transitional device used in each sentence.


1. Therefore, we need to finish our homework on time.
2. Yesterday we went to the mall to go shopping.
3. We play together as a team. Thus, we came in first place.
4. The program must continue although it was raining.
5. Our music teacher played the music once more.

Task 2 Circle the letter that correctly identifies the nature of the underlined
transition in each of the following sentences.
1. A water main downtown broke this morning, so several businesses had no
water for hours.
a. addition b. time
c. comparison d. cause and effect
2. Even though most Americans are primarily concerned about AIDS as it exists
in the U.S., it should be remembered that it is now nearly a worldwide disease.
a. addition b. time
c. contrast d. comparison
3. Larry will probably be a late bloomer socially, just like his older brothers.
a. time b. contrast
c. comparison d. cause and effect
4. There are ways you can make boring tasks more pleasant. For instance, bring
a portable radio and listen to music on the earphones while you work.
a. contrast b. comparison
c. illustration/example d. cause and effect
5. The lazy checkout clerk forced the six-pack of cola into the bottom of the bag,
tearing it. Then she shrugged her shoulders and said, “I guess you’ll have to
carry the bag from the bottom.”
a. time b. contrast
c. comparison d. illustration/example

28
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Task 3. DIRECTIONS: Read each sentence . Choose from the words below to fill
in the blanks. Use each word only once.

consists of is a term that involves means


is called is characterized by that is for example
occurs when meaning entails such as
1. The process by which plants convert sunlight to energy __________________
photosynthesis.
2. The basic diet of a chicken _________________ grains, greens, protein, vitamins and
minerals.
3. “Repression” ____________________ is used by people who work in the field of mental
health. Repression ___________________ a person has lived through something that is so
painful that the mind blocks the fearful thoughts, impulses and memories associated with it.
4. The state of happiness _______________________, among other things, smiles, laughter,
light‐heartedness, satisfaction.
5. Owls are nocturnal, __________________, they sleep during the day and are awake at night.
6. Making a cake ___________________ selecting your ingredients, combining the ingredients
in the proper order to form the batter, and then baking.
7. There are many types of flowers, _______________________, roses, daisies, and tulips.
8. Owning a dog ____________________ feeding it, making sure it gets plenty of exercise
and playtime, giving it lots of affection and annual shots and checkups at the vet.

9. Becoming a doctor _________________________ not only a great deal of school, but


practical, on‐the‐job training as well.
10.I am a spelunker; _______________ , I like to explore caves.

Task 4 Supply the appropriate cohesive device to complete the paragraph. Choose
from the given words below.

29
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

1. Many people will come to the meeting _________ the speaker is well-
known. ____________ we need a bigger hall ____________ at least two
hundred persons can be seated. We wanted to book the Lenin Bhavan,
____________ it is already booked for that day. ____________ we are
trying to reserve the town hall _________ it does not have an air
conditioner.

(Though, therefore, but, because, however, so that)


2. I did not find the book on my table _____________ someone took it. I went
to the teacher to complain, he told me ____________ hence forward, I
should be careful. __________ I keep the book inside the bag, it is always
possible to be stolen, ___________ some boys are always tempted to steal
books.
(because, when, unless, since, that)
3. My friend is a singer. He is intelligent ________ hardworking. ________he
is creative. _____________he has never received any award in India,
__________ he won a prize in a competition in Singapore last year.
_________he has decided to leave India and settle down in America.

(although, therefore, moreover, but, and)


Task 5 Transition words are used in a sentence to connect two ideas. They join clauses
or sentences together to show a difference or a connection
Example:
We arrived late at the movie; indeed, we missed the first thirty minutes.
Indeed is a transition word.
Complete each sentence below using a transition word.

1. The dog barked all night _____________________________________________


2. Jane bought a new dress_____________________________________________
3. The police had no clues for the case ______________________________
4. I have Php100.00___________________________________________________
5. We got up early this morning ____________________________________
Task 6 Rewrite the following sentences to create a story. Observe coherence.

30
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

- A young waiter is angry; he wishes that the old man would leave so that he and
the older waiter could close the café and go home.
- Late in the afternoon, in a café, an old man drinks brandy.
- However, the older waiter realizes that the old man drinking brandy after brandy
is not nasty; he is only lonely.
- When the old man leaves, the waiters close the café.
- No doubt, that’s the reason why the old man tried to hang himself last week.
- He insults the deaf old man and is painfully indifferent to the older waiter’s
feelings when he states that “an old man is a nasty thing.”
A. Complete the summary of the story “ The Soul of the Great Bell” by choosing the
correct cohesive devices inside the box.

Finally However Consequently As a result First

Nearly 500 years ago, the Celestial August and Yung-Lo commanded his
greatest bellsmiths and molders to create a bell that will create a sound that reaches
100 Li.  
He called Kouan-Yu to do the task.________, they tried to cast a bell twice
but gold, silver, brass, iron wouldn’t meld together.__________, the Son of Heaven
heard about it, he got angry but he spare nothing.
________When the second time the Celestial August learned about the
situation, he got angrier and sent Kouan-Yu a letter warning him that if they wouldn’t
successfully cast the bell, he would be condemned to death.
_____________Ko-Ngai , the daughter of Kouan-Yu ,sold her jewelries and
gold to pay an astrologer she needs to consult for an advice. The astrologer informed
her that gold and brass will never meet in wedlock, silver and iron never will embrace
until the flesh of a maiden is melted in the crucible and the blood of a virgin is mixed in
the metal fusion.  
Thus, in the third attempt, Ko-Ngai jumped in the pot. His father couldn’t
do anything, he was sorrowful, but they need to follow the order of the Celestial August
and Yung-Lo.
________They casted the bell with success. As they rang the bell, it
created a sound that is deeper, mellower and mightier than any other bell.  

31
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

B. Combine the following pairs of sentences to be one sentence. Use


appropriate transitional or cohesive device(s).

For example:
The little boy walked to the store. His dog walked along with him.
--> When the little boy walked to the store, his dog walked along with him.

1.    Bob is an only child. He is very independent.

2.    You have to bring your examination card. You cannot join the exam without
the examination card.

3.    She went to work. She didn’t want to go.

4.    My cat was hungry. It had not eaten since breakfast that day.

5.    A book can be a lot of fun. A book can be boring.

6.    Her wallet fell to the floor. A photo of her boyfriend came out of it.

7.    Andy watched her favorite TV show. Andy went to bed.

8.    Karen and Sally are best friends. Karen and Sally have many things in
common.

9.    They made plan to go to the beach. They couldn’t do it.

10.  I couldn’t sleep that night. I was too tired the next morning.

32
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

ENGLISH 8
1st Quarter, Week 5, Activity 5
EMOTIVE LANGUAGE
Objective: Use range of Verb, Adjective and Adverb to convey emotional
response or reaction to an issue to
persuade

Words aren’t just strings of alphabets sewn


together with ink. Words are cues. Words are
triggers. Words are powerful.

Emotive language is word choice that is used to evoke emotion. Emotive language
could also be called emotional language. This type of language has the ability to
connect the readers or listeners with the speaker or writer. The reason behind is that
when content is conveyed in a way that it appeals the emotion, the subconscious mind
of readers or listeners automatically memorizes it. It is also used as a persuasive
techniques in speaking and writing.
Let’s compare:
Sentence 1:
Put that stuff in the basket.
This sentence has a sense of command in it. While we are judging it, we have to focus
on the reaction it will initiate. You will analyze that this sentence fails to evoke emotions.
Thus, it cannot be considered as an example of emotive language.

33
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Sentence 2:
You should put that stuff in the basket as it will reduce mum’s work.
Can you see the difference? Both of the sentences are aimed at putting the stuff into the
basket. But, they are conveyed in completely different ways. This one has the ability to
evoke an emotional reaction. In a way, it is asking whether you want to reduce your
mum’s burden? How could you choose not to do so as it will help her to relax?

Task 1 Analyze whether the following sentences used emotive language. Write
Yes if you think the sentence uses emotive language.

1. Another person in the bar was injured by the man's glass.


2. The whole village was brutally massacred.
3. The police arrived at the crime scene.
4. The poor people of the tribe were easily captured by the ruthless Whites.
5. People must wake up from the doomed reality that the earth is dying.

Oftentimes, news headlines use emotive language to hook the audience.


Here are a few examples.
– The strike of public transport is disturbing and distressing.
Here the words distressing and disturbing are able to evoke emotional aspect.

-The awful situation will only do the worst until we will do something to make it better.
Here the word awful indicates to the emotional aspect.

Task 2: Read and analyze the sentences. Identify the words that make the
statement emotive.

-An innocent passenger was brutally murdered in a train robbery.


-A monster of a man violated an underage child’s decency.
-The sleeping victims were attacked in the cover of night.

34
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Let’s check!

In the very first sentence, there are words “innocent” and “brutally.” Both of these are
the medium of evoking emotion. Hence, as per the emotive language definition, they are
an example of emotive language.
Now, let’s talk about the second sentence. In this one, the words “monster,” “child,”
“decency” and “underage” shows the emotion. Thus, in accordance to the emotive
language definition, we can categorize them as apt examples.
Moving to the third and last one, let me tell you the words quickly. They are “sleeping,”
“cover of night” and “attacked.”

Things to understand

We have to analyze the examples with care. You can see that in each and every single
example the words which are evoking emotion are not required to communicate a fact.
None of them is conveying the concrete fact. This is because the main aim of such
words is to create an emotional response in the reader’s or listener’s mind.

The Effect of Emotive Language

As we already know that emotive language is aimed at influencing the readers/listeners.


If it is used in the right way, it can mold the reaction of the audience. This is because
emotive language is a technique of persuasive writing. This clearly means that it aims at
persuading the audience to think a certain way.

Task 3 Collect all the emotive words used in the context.

1. "I think that the amount of plastic that is placed and found in the ocean is a disgrace.
2. To think that people could be so cruel to our environment and our animals is truly
awful.
3. I think that life would be really great if we all used to eco-friendly bags you can
choose to buy at the shopping center.
4. It is absolutely terrible to think that innocent marine life is dying due to humans
throwing various plastic bits and pieces into their habitats.
5. If it were those poor marine animals would we enjoy having humans ruin our lives just
by their silly actions?"

35
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Words Used in Emotive Language


a. Verbs
A verb is a word or phrase (group of words) that is a major sentence element. The
verb expresses a state or an action and provides essential information within a
sentence. Without a verb, a group of words is not a complete thought. For
example:
George a doctor.
The sentence above is not a grammatical sentence of English.) Is George a
doctor? Did George go to a doctor? What happened? What is this string of words
trying to say about George and the doctor? Because there is no verb, this string of
words is not a complete thought in English; therefore, it is not a grammatical
sentence.
There are several types of verbs, which provide different kinds of information
within sentences:
Action Verbs
An action verb, for example, walk, play, dance, work, indicates that someone or
something does something:
George plays tennis twice a week.
We work ten hours a day.
Linking Verbs
A linking verb, for example, appear, look, seem, sound, feel, describes the
appearance of the subject noun phrase in a sentence:
Denise sounds cheerful.
John looks tired.
It connects its subject with a word at or near the end of the sentence.

Forms of Be ( From am to would have been ) Other linking verb


(stative)
Am am being can be have been appear seem
Are are being could be has been become smell
Is is being may be had been feel sound
Was was being might be could have been grow stay

36
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

Were were being must be may have been remain turn


Shall be might have been
Should be must have been
Will be shall have been
Would be will have been
Would have been

Auxiliary verbs- are also known as helping verbs and are used together with a main
verb to show the verb’s tense or to form a question or negative.

will would shall should do does did


can could may might has have had

He will not do it for you.


Our guests have arrived.
Task 4 Underline the verb in each sentence then tell if it is Action Verb, Linking Verb or
Auxiliary Verb

_________1. Julie makes cake for the classroom


_________2. She saw a silhouette shaped like a man in the window (past tense)
_________3. John doubts the doctor’s opinion.
_________4. I am a student.
_________5. Jenny has spoken her final words.

Task 5 Recognizing linking verb and auxiliary verb : Underline the verb in each
sentence then write LV if it is linking verb or AV if auxiliary verb

Examples: The water in the pool became muddy. LV

1. Safety should be your first concern.


2. I would be happy to baby sit Yvoh.
3. Elaine is often late for her first subject.
4. Bert can be a great artist.
5. What could have been the cause of the accident?
6. That is a sufficient amount of sugar.
7. The situation was only temporary.

37
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

8. Parents are worried for the safety of their children.


9. Thea has been the class president for two consecutive years.
10. Johnny is being exceptionally polite today.

Emotional Response Verbs


An emotional response verb indicates that someone feels something; something
happened to cause an emotional response. Sentences with emotional response
verbs have a SOURCE, a noun phrase that serves as the "stimulus" of the
emotional response. And they have an EXPERIENCER, a noun phrase that
"receives" or experiences the emotion. Consider the following sentence:
The amount of the tax rebate surprised me.
In this sentence, the emotional response verb is surprised; the SOURCE noun
phrase is the amount of the tax rebate; and the EXPERIENCER is me.
Participles of Emotional Response Verbs
As already noted, in conjunction with the auxiliary verbs be and have, the -ing and
-ed forms of a verb serve to create a variety of verb tense formations. Used alone,
however, the -ing and -ed forms can serve as ADJECTIVES. In this capacity, they
add information to noun phrases in the sentence and are called "participles." To
avoid the confusion and misunderstanding that occurs with the use of the terms
"present participle" and "past participle," the terms "-ing participle" and "-
ed participle" are used in this module.
Distinguishing -ed and -ing Participles
The participles of emotional response verbs serve a very special function--to
distinguish between the SOURCE of the emotion and the EXPERIENCER of the
emotion. This concept is key to clearing the confusion between pairs such
as boring/bored and interesting/interested.
 The -ed participle always relates to the EXPERIENCER of the emotion or
mental state.

A frightened dog might wake its owner in the middle of the night.


(dog = EXPERIENCER of the fright)
 The -ing participle always relates to the SOURCE of the emotion or mental
state.

38
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

The frightening storm lasted two hours.


(storm = SOURCE of the fright)
In these examples the -ed/-ing participles function as adjectives, adding
information to the nouns dog and storm, respectively, and indicating whether the
noun is the EXPERIENCER of the feeling/emotional response or the SOURCE of
it.
As you can see from the examples, the -ed/-ing participles are NOT functioning as
verbs in the sentences; other words are available to serve that need. In the first
example above, the verb is might wake. In the second example, the verb
is lasted.
Tense and Participles
Importantly, -ed/-ing participles are independent of the time (tense) of a sentence.
In the following sentences, motivated and surprising have no connection to the
time expressed by the verbs seem/seemed and will share/have shared.
The students seem motivated to learn English.
The students seemed motivated to learn English.
The scientists will share their surprising results.
The scientists have shared their surprising results.
Task 5 Read each of the sentences below and indicate whether the highlighted
-ing or -ed word is functioning as a verb (or part of a verb phrase) or as an
adjective (participle). Indicate your choice by clicking on  VERB or ADJECTIVE.
1. The dog was panting from the heat. 

2. Worried investors called their brokers for advice. 

3. I awoke to the sound of running water. 

4. The recent dip in the stock market worried investors. 

5. The panting dog needed a drink of cool water.

Task 6 Select participles which can be added to the sentence to make it more emotive.
agonizing shocking overjoyed controlling tormenting

39
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

1. The patient has suffered _____ pain.


2. The peasants struggled to survive from the _______ famine.
3. The _____ news astonished the public.
4. The family of the victim was _______ with justice finally given to them.
5. The ______ power of the family dynasty disgusted me.

b. Adjective
Adjective is a part of speech that describes, limit ,or give exact meanings to
words. It is very important because it adds color and exactness to writing and
speaking. Adjective is a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun.
An adjective usually comes before the word it modifies. Occasionally however, it May
come after the word modified or when it is used as a component of a linking verb.
Before word modified: The blue and cloudlesssky shone bright above a wine-dark sea.
After word modified: The sky ,blue and cloudless, shone bright above a wine -dark sea.
After linking verb: The sky appearsblue and cloudless and shone bright above a wine-
dark sea.

These describing words are most commonly used to make the audience feel a specific
way regarding something.
A poor old father of three died on the spot when a reckless rich boy lost control
of his car.
An innocent bystander had his face shredded by broken glass when the
drunken idiot lost his temper.

The writer uses the adjectives as emotive language to make the reader feel sorry for the
victim and anger towards the perpetrator. This makes the reader agree with the writer
because we want to see justice for shocking crime.

Task 7 Identify adjectives that are used in the sentences.


1. For what seemed a lifetime, Mr. Smith was subjected to a vicious,
cowardly assault by the unemployed, steroid-pumped monster.
2. The video shows the brutal slaughter of whales.

40
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

3. The awful situation will only do the worst until we will do something to
make it better.
4. The strike of public transport is disturbing and distressing.
5. The victim was left with horrific injury.
Task 8 The following sentences form a paragraph. In each sentence underline the
adjectives and identify the word it modified , then rewrite all the sentences to form a
coherent paragraph.
1. The village, remorse and small, is found across a tranquil lake.
2. A short distance from the village stood a small cluster of trees.
3.Behind the trees, ripened grains waved in the gentle breeze.
4. Brown and empty, another field spread to the south.
5.The hills behind the fields were blue and picturesque.
6. At night the low hum of crickets lulled us to sleep.
7. The air smelled sweet and grassy.
8. Every morning at four o’clock, a train, slow and noisy , would creep
through the village.
9. The lazy, hazy days of summer were about to end.
10.Busy and interesting, the summer was one we would remember for a
long time.
Source: Writing and Grammar Exercises and Workbook by Prentice Hall pages 13-17

c. Adverb

These are the words which modifies verbs or adjectives. Just like the adjectives, they
are also chosen and used to make the audience or reader feel a certain way about an
issue.

For example:

“In a latest essay she wrote about the street animals, dying from 1080 fox bait. The
animals who died ate it while a rally passed by. They had a horrible death.”

Five classes of Adverb


1. Adverb of place or position- tell where. They are regularly placed after the verb and
after the object if any.
41
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

I’m here We walk to school.


2. Adverb of manner - tell how. These often end in -ly and are regularly placed after the
verb and after the object if any. Some adverbs ending in -ly may also be placed before the
verb particularly when there are other verb modifiers in the sentence.
Example:
The candidate spoke eloquently
He eloquently spoke during the conference.

3. Adverb of frequency- tell how often. These are regularly placed before or after the verb and
after the object., if any. They are regularly placed after the verb be.
Example
We see the boy often.
He is always busy.

4.Adverb of time - tell when and regularly placed after the verb and after the object, if any.

Example:
The package arrived yesterday.
She wakes up early.

5. Intensifiers -indicate degree and are regularly placed before the word modified.
Example:
The girl is extremely shy.

Task 9 (Review of Adverbs) Circle the adverbs used the sentences.


1. Cheetah’s run quickly / slowly in the jungle.
2. Sloths climb lazily / enthusiastically up trees.
3. Mozart played the piano terribly / beautifully.
4. If students fall asleep on class, my teacher calmly / angrily asks them to wake up.
5. Students have to whisper loudly / quietly in the library.

Task 10 Recognizing Adverbs: Underline the adverb once and the word modified twice.
Then on the blank after each sentence write what kind it is. There are 12 adverbs.
1. Giraffes glide gracefully and noiselessly across the plains of Kenya in Africa.

42
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

2. They search eagerly for the acacia tree.


3. A family of giraffes often feeds from the same tree.
4. Drinking water is the most difficult job.
5. This tall animal drinks slowly and awkwardly.
6. The giraffes unusually long neck contains the same number of bones as the
neck of a guinea pig.
7. These neck bones are much longer in the giraffe.
8. The giraffe seldom uses its unusual voice
9. It will never attack other creature.
10. Other animals rarely threaten its survival.

Task 11 Using the Correct Word: Underline the more appropriate form in
the parentheses.
1.The ( awfully, very ) careless persons ( sure, surely ) appears (I stupid,
stupidity ).
2.A ( terribly, very ) large number of accidents seem avoidably, avoidable ).
3. The careful pedestrian ( sure, surely ) looks (well,good ) to right and left.
4.Many ( a terribly, an exceptionally) useful citizen has met an unnecessary,
unnecessarily ) early death.
5. Sometimes a ( very, terribly ) courteous person becomes ( rudely, rude )
behind a steering wheel.
6. observe traffic regulations ( close, closely ) and ( careful carefully ).
7. Drive ( awful, very) ( careful,carefully ) through a school zone.
8. In case of accident go ( quick, quickly to call a doctor and follow his
directions ( exact, exactly ).
9. One is often( real, really ) surprised and is sometimes ( sudden, suddenly)
unnerved.

43
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

10. Take the right of wat ( serious, seriously ) but don’t be too (sure, surely )
of it.

Task 12 Positioning Adverbial Modifiers: Expand the sentences by adding the modifiers
in the parentheses in logical positions.
1. She fainted because of the heat. ( nearly )
2. Nila si active and rest in the house . ( quite , hardly )
3. At intersections, walk across the street. ( cautiously, always )
4. Watch the road and obey signals. ( closely, meticulously )
5. We worked. ( happily, very, )yesterday in the computer room.
6. People do guard their lives. ( Carefully , not , today )
7. Handle electrical equipment. ( improperly, never )
8. Mary does her work. ( everyday, in the office, conscientiously )
9. He is a rich man; he pretends to be. ( merely, not )
10. The bright star glistered. ( quite, unusually, intensely, last night, overhead )

Task 13 (Writing Exercises) Choose a topic below and write a very short persuasive
paragraph. Be sure to use range of verbs, adjectives and adverbs to reflect emotive
language.

Sample paragraph:

Many children now possess a mobile phone and they are fast becoming the latest
fashion item. Children continue to use mobiles despite the obvious risk to their health.
Mobile phones emit a dosage of radiation, which is harmful to the user and cause
severe brain damage.

Topic:

44
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region III – Central Luzon
SCHOOLS DIVISION OFFICE OF BALANGA CITY

Name: ________________________________________ School: _______________________________________

 How mobiles and smart gadgets ruining school life?


 Why junk food should be banned in school?
 Homework should be reduced in school, what is your take on it.

45