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ARCT 203


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Polymer materials account for the highest growth area in
construction materials. In basic terms, polymers are very long
molecules typically made up of many thousands of repeat units
figure(1). They include plastics, rubbers, thermoplastic elastomers,
adhesives, foams, paints and sealants.
A polymer could be a substance or fabric comprising of exceptionally
expansive particles, or macromolecules, composed of numerous
repeating subunits figure (2) . Due to their wide range of properties,
both manufactured and common polymers play basic and omnipresent
parts in lifestyle . Polymers run from recognizable engineered plastics
such as polystyrene to characteristic biopolymers such as DNA and
proteins that are principal to organic structure and work. Polymers, both
natural and synthetic, are created via polymerization of many small
molecules, known as monomers figure(3) .Their subsequently expansive
molecular mass, relative to small molecule compounds, produces one of
a kind physical properties including durability, tall flexibility,
viscoelasticity, and a inclination to create undefined and semicrystalline
structures instead of crystals.

The definition of
polymers (Figure 1) The method of made the
polymer (Figure 3)

Polyethylene (PE) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Polypropylene (PP)

PE milk container PVC Pipe PP Rope

The definition , chemical formula and some example of polymers

(Figure 2)

1850 ‘s _Celluloid - used to be widely used but not as much
anymore—now used in table tennis balls and guitar picks. Check
figure 4 1900 – 1920’s_Bakelite – chess pieces, containers
_Rayon - Clothing, stockings
_Cellophane - packaging, sticky tape
_Polyvinyl chloride- PVC - Pipes, wire insulation. Check figure 5
-1922 ‘sStaudinger suggested polymers are long chains of atoms—won
Nobel Prize‘s
_1930_1940 ‘sPolystyrene
_Polyethylene Tetraborate- PETE – ‘Dacron’ and drinks bottles, toys,
_Nylon engineering plastic and for clothing and stockings
_Teflon – later used for non-stick pans check figure 6
1990 – Present New materials
developing polymers for tissue repair, replacement and regeneration.
Making solar cells
engineering polymers to give specific, desired properties such as
biodegradability or biocompatibility

Celluloid (figure 4) Bakelite (figure 5) Polystyrene (figure 6 )

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Polymers are generally used in development building
and framework. Improvement and utility parts in structures are regularly
to some degree or completely polymeric or elastomeric things. This will
be as divider,
Wall panels figure (1) , Piping system figure (2) , Seals figure (3) ,
coatings and an gigantic number of distinctive things. For all these
things it goes that they require to be suitable for their application which
you must be certain simply can depend on the well working. For case
divider sheets that are mounted on colossal structures should not
cushion and tumble down startlingly. Moreover spillages of seals can
straightforward lead to tall costing hurt. For distinctive parts like foils or
course it goes that consequent to building they likely won't have the
alternative to be come to or supplanted and in this way disillusionment
ought to be kept up a vital separate from totally.
There are many cases of employments polymers in building but
those cases appeared what is exactly the polymers in building :

Figure 7 wall panels Figure 8 piping system Figure 9 seals 4

Case Study/ Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion
Architects: Zaha Hadid ArchitectsMaterials: FRP
Manufacturing: Stage One Facade Cladding: Fibre Reinforced Plastic
(FRB - long version. Fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) (also fibre-reinforced
polymer) are composite materials made of a polymer matrix reinforced
with fibres. Fig8 )
Materials for the pavilion include: a façade constructed from fibre re-in
forced plastic, the roof PVC.
appearance with a ramped terrace attached. There is an ancillary
structure adjoined to the terrace serving as a ticket office and control
room. There are ETFE skylights in the roof of varying shape and size.
The outer cladding of the building is a combination of FRP, PVC, ETFE,
and glass. Each FRP panel is unique and has been formed from an
individual mold that was cut from foam on a five axis CNC machine.
The specification of the FRP cladding was developed by the design
team and manufactured by our appointed sub contract
The Mobile Art Pavilion (fig12) is designed and purpose built to Client
requirementas a demountable structure, the steel modules,
connections, FRP Paneling, M&E and all components are designed
and constructed to
travel in ISO sized shipping containers.
FRP panels can be easily detailed to provide a high level of thermal
insulation. FRP panels for Chanel pavilion are detailed as rainscreen
with sealing and insulation provided by a general construction as
invisible FRP panels are sprayed with white acrylic paint high gloss
pearlescent. This gloss is visually demanding, revealing the geometry
of each panel of FRP and the precision with which it was made. The
individual molds for each panel are CNC machined polyurethane foam,
a cost effective molding material. The panels were sanded by hand
after being removed from the mold for the fine finish. The lining inside
the pavilion is mainly formed of FRP panels that were a fire class in
accordance with British Standard 476. (FIG 10) showing plan for case.

Fig9 section showing Fig 10 Fig 11 detail of Fig12 THE MODEL
Fig8 FRP the cladding polymers PLAN FRP OF THE PROJECT