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1/16/2011 Statistical symbols & probability symbols (µ,…

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MATH SYMBOLS
Statistical Symbols
Basic math symbols Probability and statistics symbols table and definitions.
Algebra symbols
Geometry symbols Probability and statistics symbols table
Statistical symbols
Logic symbols Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition Example
Set symbols P(A) probability function probability of event A P(A) = 0.5
Calculus symbols
probability of events
Number symbols P(A ∩ B) intersection
probability that of events A and B P(A∩B) = 0.5
Greek symbols probability of events
Roman numerals P(A ∪ B) union
probability that of events A or B P(A∪B) = 0.5
conditional probability of event A given event
RAPID TABLES P(A | B) probability function B occured P(A | B) = 0.3
Add to Favorites probability density
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f (x) function (pdf) P(a ≤ x ≤ b) = ∫ f (x) dx
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About F(x) distribution function F(x) = P(X ≤ x)
(cdf)

µ population mean mean of population values µ = 10


expected value of random variable
E(X) expectation value
X E(X) = 10
conditional expected value of random variable
E(X | Y) expectation X given Y E(X | Y=2) = 5

var(X) variance variance of random variable X var(X) = 4


σ2 variance variance of population values σ2 = 4
standard deviation of random
std(X) standard deviation
variable X std(X) = 2
standard deviation value of
σX standard deviation
random variable X
σX = 2
median middle value of random variable x
covariance of random variables X
cov(X,Y) covariance
and Y cov(X,Y) = 4
correlation of random variables X
corr(X,Y) correlation
and Y corr(X,Y) = 3
correlation of random variables X
ρX,Y correlation
and Y
ρX,Y = 3
summation - sum of all values in
∑ summation
range of series

∑∑ double summation double summation

value that occurs most frequently


Mo mode
in population

MR mid-range MR = (x max+x min )/2


half the population is below this
Md sample median
value
25% of population are below this
Q1 lower / first quartile
value
median / second 50% of population are below this
Q2 quartile value = median of samples
75% of population are below this
Q3 upper / third quartile
value

x sample mean average / arithmetic mean x = (2+5+9) / 3 = 5.333


population samples variance
s2 sample variance
estimator s2=4
sample standard population samples standard
s deviation deviation estimator s=2

zx standard score zx = (x-x) / sx

X~ distribution of X distribution of random variable X X ~ N(0,3)

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1/16/2011 Statistical symbols & probability symbols (µ,…
2 normal distribution gaussian distribution X ~ N(0,3)
N(µ,σ )
U(a,b) uniform distribution equal probability in range a,b X ~ U(0,3)
exponential
exp(λ) distribution f (x) = λe-λx , x≥0
gamma(c, λ) gamma distribution f (x) = λ c x c-1e-λx / Γ(c), x≥0
chi-square f (x) = x k/2-1e-x/2 / ( 2k/2 Γ
χ 2(k) distribution (k/2) )
F (k1, k2) F distribution

Bin(n,p) binomial distribution f (k) = nCk pk (1-p)n-k

Poisson(λ) Poisson distribution f (k) = λk e-λ / k!


geometric
Geom(p) distribution f (k) = p (1-p) k
hyper-geometric
HG(N,K,n) distribution
Bern(p) Bernoulli distribution

Combinatorics Symbols

Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition Example

n! factorial n! = 1·2·3·...·n 5! = 1·2·3·4·5 = 120

n Pk permutation 5P3 = 5! / (5-3)! = 60

n Ck
combination 5C3 = 5!/[3!(5-3)!]=10

Set symbols ►

See also
Math symbols
Set symbols
Basic math symbols
Logic symbols
Greek alphabet symbols
Probability distribution
Probability & statistics

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