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User Manual

UVC N95 Decontamination Box


University of Washington
Engineering Innovation in Health

Benjamin P. Sullivan
Jonathan Posner
Daniel Casey

V4.0
September 24, 2020
Introduction

This UVC box is designed to irradiate fifteen (15) N95 masks placed onto the tray
in 30 minutes with at least 1,000 mJ/cm2 of 254 nm UVC light. Studies show that
a dose of 1,000 mJ/cm 2 of UVC destroys the RNA in SARS-CoV-2 virus on N95
masks, rendering the virus inactive. These same studies show that, with good
practices of donning and doffing N95 masks, the masks retain their function and
fit over several cycles. This box uses four (2 top and 2 bottom), low
ozone-germicidal UVC lamps to generate the required UV energy. The interior of
the box and the tray have several reflectors that ensure every surface of every
masks receive the required dosage.

There are several parts of the box that user interacts with as depicted in Figure 1.
The drawer handle is used to open, close, and lock the box. The window, which
blocks all of the UVC light, is used to observe the lamp operation. The user
interface panel shows if there is 110V power (Power On), that lamps are on
(Bulbs On), and when the cycle is complete (Cycle Done). There is a single button
that starts the cycle. The drawer handle must be locked (horizontal position) to
engage in the interlock and start the cycle. The cycle counter is used to count the
number of completed cycles. On the rear of the box there is a power entry module
where the 110V power plug is attached. There is a serial number plate, as well as
additional device and documentation sticker that that provides a website for
further information, such as contact information, and details on replacement
fuses, ballasts, and lamps. This box requires some regular maintenance of
cleaning the lamps and reflectors.

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Box Diagrams
Figure 1
View Window

Power Indicator
Lamp Indicator
Cycle Done Indicator

Start Button

Cycle Counter

Drawer Handle

Rear of Box

Serial Number
Additional Device Information
and Documentation
Power Cord Outlet

Power On / Off Button

Figure 2

Locked Unlocked

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Operation

1. Plug in and power on the UVC Decontamination Box. The plug and power
on/off button are located on the back of the box. Once plugged in and powered
on, the Power Indiciator on the User Interface Panel will illuminate. If the power
indicator light does not illuminate, ensure that an appropriate 110V plug is used
and the fuse in the power entry module is functioning properly.

2. Open the drawer. Initially, the drawer handle will be in the horizontal position
(locked). Rotate the handle 90° counterclockwise to the vertical position (un-
locked) and pull. See Figure 2. The drawer has a seal to ensure that no light
escapes the box when operating. For this reason, the drawer will initially exhibit
some resistance until the seal is cleared.

3. Place the N95 masks in the tray. Place the masks in a 3x5 matrix arrange-
ment as shown. YOU MUST USE THIS LOADING CONFIGURATION TO
ENSURE EACH MASKS OBTAINS THE REQUIRED DOSAGE. DO NOT LOAD
MORE THAN 15 MASKS. Take care to ensure that no masks or straps are on top
of adjacent masks. Minimize any strap overlap while keeping the masks roughly
½” away from the sloped tray reflectors as shown. We recommend starting with a
column of three masks in the center of the drawer, using the two support rails as a
centering guide. If fewer than 15 masks are being decontaminated at a time,
work out from the center column in a similar fashion.

A B C D

Proper mask arrangement with a suggested workflow. (A) Using the two support rails, center a column of 3 masks.
(B) Place additional masks on either side of the central column. (C) Continue placing masks, working towards the
sides, placing the last two columns. (D) Detail of mask placement near the reflectors and corner. Masks should be
placed roughly ½” away from the sloped reflectors and minimize strap overlap. Straps should not be over the masks.

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Operation

4. Close the drawer and lock the drawer handle by rotating the handle 90°
clockwise. The handle should rotate easily – if it feels stuck or blocked, ensure
that the drawer is closed fully by pushing on the sides of the drawer. By locking
the drawer handle completely, an interlock is engaged, allowing the UVC lamps
to power on. (See image A)

5. Use personal protective equipment. Users should wear gloves, safety


googles and should be wearing long pants and a long sleeve shirt to protect
themselves from any UVC exposure.

6. Push the Start Button. If the drawer is fully closed and locked, the Bulb
Indicator will turn on (see image B), followed shortly by the illumination of the
UVC bulbs. If the Bulb Indicator does not turn on, the interlock has not been
engaged, suggesting that the drawer handle is not fully turned or locked.

7. Inspect the bulbs and masks through the view window. Ensure that all 4
bulbs are powered on and the masks are located at the intended positions.

8. Wait 30 minutes. The cycle time is set for 30 minutes. After 30 minutes, the
bulbs will turn off and the Cycle Done Indicator will turn on (see image C).

A B C

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Operation

9. Open the drawer and remove the masks. Rotate the handle 90° counter-
clockwise into the unlocked position and pull the drawer out. There may be
some odor resulting from residual organic material present in the chamber
during the decontamination cycle. Allow 30 seconds for the odor to dissipate
before removing the masks.

10. Close the drawer and lock the drawer handle for the next user.

A B C

View through viewing window of interior of box during operation. Note that the upper (A) lamps and lower (B) lamps
are illuminated. Masks have not shifted and are in the correct position (C).

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Maintenance

Replacing the Fuse

1. Before any maintenance on the box is performed, it is important that the box
is turned off and the plug is removed.

2. To replace the fuse, open the fuse-holder using a small flat-head screwdriver.

3. Remove the old fuse and insert the new one.

4. Plug the fuse-holder back into the power entry module, making sure the
fuse-holder is pushed in all the way and flush with the rest of the module.

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Maintenance

Cleaning the System

The box relies on reflective materials to help distribute the decontaminating UV


light, and it is important to clean the surfaces regularly. The frequency of clean-
ing depends on the environment it is used and the frequency of operation. It is
recommended that the system is cleaned every 2 weeks.

1. Before any maintenance on the box is performed, it is important that the box
is turned off and the plug is removed.

2. It is recommended to wear clean, disposable gloves for the cleaning to keep


skin oils from getting on the surfaces and use a 70% isopropyl alcohol with a
lint-free towel.

3. First, spray a clean towel and wipe the tray reflector surfaces down thorough-
ly. You may notice these surfaces don't look reflective but remember that they
are meant for reflecting UV light, not visible light.

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Maintenance

Cleaning the System (continued)

4. To remove the tray for interior cleaning, use a Phillips head screwdriver to
loosen the four drawer screws. This allows the screws to slide to the holes and
the drawer can be lifted out.

5. To clean the lamps, we again recommend isopropyl alcohol and a lint-free


towel for wiping down the bulbs.

6. After all four bulbs are cleaned, finish by wiping down the aluminum reflector
surfaces inside of the box.

7. Once the inside of the box is clean, replace the tray, tighten the four screws
and plug the box back in for its next use.

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Maintenance

Replacing the Lamps

It is recommended to replace the four lamps every 2,500 completed cycles, as


they do degrade over time.

1. Before any maintenance on the box is performed, it is important that the box
is turned off and the plug is removed.

2. It is recommended to wear clean, disposable gloves for lamp replacement to


keep skin oils off the lamps.

3. To remove the tray for lamp replacement, use a Phillips head screwdriver to
loosen the four drawer screws. This allows the screws to slide to the holes and
the drawer can be lifted out.

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Maintenance

Replacing the Lamps (continued)

4. Once the tray is removed, gently slide the lamp to be replaced out of its two
U-shaped clips. It is often easiest to start from the side opposite of the lamp
receptacle. Take care to ensure that the two wires running the length of the
lamp do not get caught or pulled during this process.

5. To remove the lamp from its receptacle, hold the receptacle with one hand
and gently pull the lamp with the other. While there may be some resistance, it
is often easiest to hold the lamp at about a 15° angle and gently rock the lamp
from side to side, gradually working the lamp from the receptacle.

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Maintenance

Replacing the Lamps (continued)

6. To install a new lamp, first notice that the 4 pins of the lamp are keyed in a
180° orientation. The lamp can only be inserted into the receptacle in a certain
way, so take care to ensure that the lamp is oriented correctly. In a similar
fashion to how the lamp was removed, hold the lamp in one hand near the base
at about a 15° angle while holding the receptacle with the other hand. Gently
work the lamp into the receptacle, rocking side to side as needed. Ensure that
the base of the lamp butts up completely with the receptacle.

7. Once the lamp is plugged in, lower it into the two U-shaped clips. Ensure
that the two power wires running the length of the lamp are facing down and are
seated in the U-clips. It is often easiest to start with the clip that is closest to
the receptacle.

8. Repeat for any remaining lamps that need replacement.

9. It is recommended that the replaced lamps be wiped down using 70%


isopropyl alcohol with a lint-free towel to remove any residual skin oils.

8. Once the lamps are replaced and cleaned, replace the tray, tighten the four
screws, and plug the box back in for its next use.

10. Briefly turn on the lamps and visually ensure that the four lamps are
functioning correctly. To turn off the lamps, simply unlock the drawer handle
quickly, and then lock it again for the next user.

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