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Table of Contents

I. Preliminaries

Approval Sheet ………………………………………………………………ii

Acknowledgement …………………………………………………………. iii

Dedication ……………………………………………………………………iv

Abstract ……………………………………………………………………….v

II. Introduction…………………………………………………………………………1

III. Body

Definition of Alcohol…………………………………………………………..1

Signs of Alcohol Addiction…………………………………………………...2

Classification of Alcohol Drinkers…………………………………………...3

Benefits and Harm of Alcohol………………………………………………..4

What to Do to Stop Alcohol Addiction………………………………………5

IV. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………5

V. References………………………………………………………………………..vii

VI. Appendices……………………………………………………………………...viii
APROVAL SHEET

This research paper titled “ALCOHOL: GOOD OR EVIL” prepared and

submitted by BOLO, Jud Cari R., MANALILI, Wilma Joy A., PAGDILAO, John

Paul L., SEMANERO, Trisha Mae R., and TABIN, Mariella A. is hereby approved

and accepted.

MS. FEBELYN R. DIGAP

English Teacher

MRS. LILIBETH L. CABAEL

Critic

ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to thank the following who, with their varying

help, have made this research paper a successful reality. Without them, this

whole thing could have turned into a trash. To the ICA family, for making us feel

at home. To our parents, for raising us to be as cute and good as we are right

now. To Ma’am Sado, for being our second mother. To Ma’am Digap, for

critiquing our research paper and patiently teaching us if we do not know what to

do. To Ma’am Cabael, for accepting our request to be our critic. To our very silly

and caring friends, who cheer us up when we’re stressed about this research

paper. To the people whom we know who are drinking alcohol, for they are part

of the inspiration of this research. And finally to HIM, who never disappoints us

whenever we ask for blessings. He who never left us alone. He is everything.

Jud

Wilma

John Paul

Trisha

Mariella

iii
DEDICATION

This research paper is dedicated to all the “tambays” and hard

drinkers of Batac and Currimao, and to all ICAdemians, for their awareness of

alcohol matters.

Jud

Wilma

John Paul

Trisha

Mariella

iv
ALCOHOL: GOOD OR EVIL?

A Research Paper

Submitted to

Miss Febelyn R. Digap

Immaculate Conception Academy

In Partial Fulfillment

of the Requirement in English IV

Submitted by:

Jud Cari R. Bolo

Wilma Joy A. Manalili

John Paul L. Pagdilao

Trisha Mae R. Semanero

Mariella A. Tabin

IV – Peace

February 28, 2011


I. INTRODUCTION

Headlines nowadays pertain to the alcohol addiction of different people

whether they are celebrities, politicians or even policemen who are engaged to

criminal acts. Investigations show that the most common reason they are

subjected in such crimes is because letting themselves controlled by the effects

of alcohol. Most criminal subjected to different kinds of crime like rape, car

accident, murder and others are result of alcohol influence. Many of the criminals

are already alcohol addicts that they can no longer get rid of it. In the contrary to

the disadvantages caused by alcohol, there are studies that show how alcohol

can be advantageous and beneficial to one’s health. Alcohol can be prevention to

a disease or cure to worsening sickness. Alcohol drinkers can be classified

according to the frequency of their drinking. There are ways to stop alcoholism

instead of considering that there is no other way to kill the addiction to alcohol.

II. DEFINITION OF ALCOHOL

An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethyl, commonly known as

alcohol, which is considered as the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled

liquors. It is a psychoactive drug that has a depressant effect that depresses the

central nervous system and the activity of the nerve cells of the brain. Drinks

containing alcohol have a mixture of 95% ethanol and the rest percentage is

water. Any of various compounds that are analogous to ethanol in constitution

and that are hydroxyl derivatives of hydrocarbons.


III. SIGNS OF ALCOHOL ADDICTION

There are signs of alcohol addiction. Psychologically, drinkers use alcohol

to “mellow out”, to relax and a way to forget their problems. The intoxication of

the drinker leads to condemnations of others, blaming others for one’s problems.

The drinker tends to be alone and refuses to socialize or mingle with others (an

anti-social behavior). He/She usually stays in a place where he/she cannot be

bothered with other people. An alcoholic person withdraws or keeps secrets from

friends and family. He/She has no intention and plan to share his/her problems to

anybody whether they are friends or family. He/She also loses his/her interest to

engage in worthwhile and recreational activities. There is an obvious change in

how the drinker relates and treats his/her friends when the level of addiction is

reached. There is a change in friendship, such as associating only with friends

who drink. If the drinker tried many times to stop drinking alcohol but he fails, this

means that the degree of his drinking manner arrived as an addiction already.

The alcoholic generally feels too much depression, excessive anger (even if it is

not necessary to be angry), and exorbitant anxiety/worry. The drinker suffers

from obscure mood changes. For example, he is acting normal for a while, after a

few minutes, his mood turned out to be abnormal such as getting mad easily or

feeling irritated for no valid reason.

Blackout is the number one of the physical signs of alcohol addiction. It is

being wide awake but not being able to remember things that he did and said at

the time he was drinking. There is an evident shift in the way an alcoholic eats
and causes unexplained weight loss or gain. The drinker’s face becomes

swollen, billowy and bloated while the redness of the eyes occurs too. The

drinker will have numbness in the legs or arms. They become insensible and feel

like stupefied and paralyzed.

The addict will consider the option of selling his properties, cars or other

personal belongings just to have money to buy alcohol to drink. This tendency

satisfies him to be able to get rid of the “need” feeling for alcohol. Sometimes, if

the personal belongings are already sold out, he is inclined to steal. An alcohol

addict experiences swelling of the liver, abdominal pain, feeling shaky or sick

when trying to stop drinking. The drinker experiences vomiting and nausea. He,

who is an alcoholic addict, has poor hygiene. The usual time or schedule of

taking a nap and time of sleep changes.

IV. CLASSIFICATION OF ALCOHOL DRINKERS

Alcohol drinkers are classified into five. There are the abstainers. These

are the people who do not drink or drink less often than once a year. Infrequent

drinkers are the people who drink once a month at most and small amounts per

typical occasion. People who drink once a month at most and drink medium

amounts per typical l occasion or drink no more than 3 to 4 times a month and

large amounts per typical drinking occasion are called the moderate – heavy

drinkers. And the last, heavy drinkers. These are the people who drink at least

once a week and large amount per typical drinking occasion.


V. HEALTH BENEFITS AND HARMS OF ALCOHOL

These are health benefits (advantage) and harm (disadvantage) of

alcohol. It can be beneficial when the intake of it is moderate and only in small

amounts. Alcohol could lessen the risk of cardiovascular problems; it lessens

possibility of lethal heart attack. It could also reduce the possibility of ischemic or

other kind of strokes. It diminishes the possibility of gallstone and reduces

diabetes danger. It lowers the hypertension, Alzheimer’s disease and the

common cold. But on the other hand, in intake of large quantities, the pancreas,

mouth, pharynx, esophageal, breast and liver are more likely to be affected by

cancer. Pancreatitis may appear, especially the youth. Stroke may also occur.

And there could be atrophy of the brain (cerebral atrophy), it is the loss of cells,

the loss of neutrons and connections between brain tissue. And there might be

cirrhosis, the consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement

of liver tissue leading to loss of liver function. For pregnant women, problems like

spontaneous abortion could have possible malformation and other birth problems

of the fetus. Car accidents are mostly cause by Driving Under Influence (DUI). It

is a criminal offense that pertains to the act of operating any motorized

machinery after or during consuming alcohol. Alcohol addicts have suicidal

tendencies. Sudden death in case of cardiovascular problems could possibly

happen. And cardiophaty generated by alcohol l due to inflammation could

possibly occur too.


VI. WHAT TO DO TO STOP ALCOHOL ADDICTION

In order to stop alcohol addiction, values are important. Accept the fact

that there is a problem. After which, do something about the alcohol addiction.

Recognize the effects on health, work and family to know what is broken and

where to start fixing it. Patience in resisting all the temptations and invitations to

drink alcohol is one of what you must have. Adapt to the safe limits and be sure

to use medication term to aid withdrawal. Activities and precautionary measures

could help a lot in withdrawing from alcohol addiction. Always remember the

adverse effects of the alcohol on the body and mind. Make a list of the expenses

for every bottle of beer or gin one consumes. This is done to be aware of the

financial effects of alcohol. Avoid alcoholic drinkers. Look for friends who

understand the bad effects of alcohol. Remind your parents not to serve alcohol

when there are parties or occasions at home to prevent drunkenness. Instead,

serve fruit juices and cold drinks without alcohol. Strengthen your weakness to

enhance your self-esteem. By doing so, you can develop further your self-

confidence, gain strength and security by not depending on the spirit of alcohol.

Engage in sports to divert attention away from drinking alcohol. Spend quality

time with family and friends without the involvement of alcohol.

VII. CONCLUSION

Alcohol has been a part of many people. People have different intensions

and reason why to take it. Little of it can be beneficial but too much can cause

too much damage too. (“Everything that is too much is bad.”) Alcohol can be
advantageous and good if it is abused and a person depends on it already.

Once a person seen with the psychological and physical signs of alcohol

addiction, proper medication should be observed and done. People should be

aware about alcohol and all the other important information to figure out what to

do and what not to do.


ABSTRACT

Bolo, Jud Cari R., Manalili, Wilma Joy A., Pagdilao, John Paul L.,

Semanero, Trisha Mae R., Tabin, Mariella A. Immaculate Conception Academy.

January – February 2011. Alcohol: Good or Evil?

English Teacher – Miss Febelyn R. Digap

Objectives:

- This research paper is intended to inform the alcohol drinkers about the

causes and effects of alcohol.

- To warn the alcohol drinkers.

Procedure:

- Choosing a topic

- Topic Outline

- Gathering datas

1. Library Research

2. Internet

- Final Outline

- Formulating Introduction, Body and Conclusion