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Name: Princess Jean G.

Delos Reyes
Course Title: The Teacher and the School Curriculum- EDUC 106
Course Code: 2806
Time: 9:00-10:00 A.M.
Course Teacher: Mr. Phyll Jhann E. Gildore
Activity 6
The Philippine National Framework (PQF) is a national system that defines the levels of
educational qualifications and lays the standard for qualification outcomes. In every level of the
PQF, there are intended learning outcomes which are stated in standards and competencies that
students must achieve. If teachers allow the students to be promoted to higher levels even
without achieving the learning outcomes of their current level, learning gap will occur which will
lead to schools producing graduates that are not work-ready.

Failure to follow the qualifications stated in the PQF could pose negative impacts. The
framework describes the achievement of learning outcomes as a hierarchical process. Thus,
learning gap, or the difference between what a learner has learned and what was expected for a
learner to learn, will occur among students who directly advanced to the next level even without
attaining the outcomes intended for them to achieve for their current level. This learning gap may
result to negative consequences not only to students’ academic performance but also to their
performance in their field of work.

Academically, learning gap may cause struggles for students to learn higher levels of
knowledge, skills, and values if they did meet the standards and competencies expected of them
to demonstrate at the previous level. For instance, graduates of Grade 12 are expected to perform
the competencies and standards set by the PQF for Level 2. However, according to Punongbayan
(2019), some college professors reported that they need to re-teach in bridging classes basic
concepts which were expected to have been mastered already by students in Senior High School
(SHS). This means that there is a learning gap among the graduates of SHS which is manifested
in their performance in college. Moreover, if this gap is left unaddressed, it may also have an
adverse effect to graduates’ performance in work. For example, students who received a
baccalaureate degree even without meeting the competencies set by the PQF for Level 6 will
likely to be unready in the real life work situations. To further illustrate this, if teacher education
graduates do not have a comprehensive and coherent knowledge in their field of discipline, then
they will perform poorly in their chosen profession which is teaching. Because graduates are not
loaded with knowledge and skills from the competencies they did not attain, they do not have
what it takes to teach. These examples show the actual or possible negative effects if the practice
of teachers to promote unqualified students will continue.

Indeed, the role of teachers is important for students to embody the qualifications laid by
the Philippine Qualification Framework. If they allow students to proceed to the next level
without performing the qualifications expected of them in their current level, students will
struggle both in school and in work. The competencies that students have missed will still be
reflected in their performance in higher levels of education or in their jobs.

Punongbayan, J. (2019). Why senior high school needs urgent fixing. Retrieved
November 29, 2020 from