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Ahmedabad International School

Grade: IGCSE II 

1 A student separates salt from a mixture of salt and sand. 

What is the correct order of steps for the student to take? 

A filter → evaporate → shake with water 

B filter → shake with water → evaporate 

C shake with water → evaporate → filter 

D shake with water → filter → evaporate 

2. Aqueous lead(II) nitrate and aqueous potassium iodide are added to a dish containing 
water, as shown. 

A yellow precipitate forms after a few minutes. Which process occurs before the precipitate 
forms? 

A diffusion  C fermentation 

B distillation  D filtration 

3 A student carries out an experiment to prepare pure magnesium sulfate crystals. 

The diagram shows the first stage of the preparation. 

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He adds magnesium carbonate until no more reacts. Which process should he use for the next 
stage? 

A crystallisation 

B evaporation 

C filtration 

D neutralisation 

4 Which change to an atom occurs when it forms a positive ion? 

A It gains electrons.  C It loses electrons. 

B It gains protons.  D It loses protons. 

5 Statements 1, 2 and 3 are about diamond and graphite. 

1 They are different solid forms of the same element. 

2 They each conduct electricity. 

3 They have atoms that form four equally strong bonds. 

Which statements are correct? 

A 1 only  B 3 only  C 1 and 3 D 2 and 3 

6 Covalent bonds are formed when electrons are ……1…… . Covalent compounds have 
……2…… electrical conductivity. 

Which words correctly complete gaps 1 and 2? 

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7 Atom X has 8 more electrons than atom Y. Student 1 says they are in the same group. 

Student 2 says they are unreactive. Which students can be correct? 

8 Which number is different for isotopes of the same element? 

A number of electrons  C number of nucleons 

B number of full shells  D number of protons 

9 Which atom has two more electrons than an atom of a noble gas? 

A aluminium  C calcium 

B bromine  D rubidium 

10 For each atom of carbon present in a molecule, there is an equal number of atoms of oxygen 
but twice as many atoms of hydrogen. 

What is the formula of the molecule? 

A C2H2O2  B C2H2O4  C C2H4O2  D C2H6O 

11 Water is formed when 48 g of oxygen combine with 6 g of hydrogen. What mass of oxygen 
combines with 2 g of hydrogen? 

A 12 g B 16 g  C 96 g  D 144 g 

12 The diagram shows how aluminium is manufactured by electrolysis. 

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What are the anode and cathode made of? 

13 The diagram shows the electrolysis of concentrated aqueous sodium chloride. 

What is the colour of the Universal Indicator at each electrode after five minutes? 

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14 When an acid is added to an alkali the temperature rises. 

Which words describe this reaction? 

A decomposition and endothermic 

B decomposition and exothermic 

C neutralisation and endothermic 

D neutralisation and exothermic 

15 Substance X requires oxygen in order to produce energy. It does not form carbon dioxide 
as a result of this energy production. 

What is substance X? 

A hydrogen  C petrol 

B natural gas  D 235​


​ U 

16 Which change does not increase the speed of reaction between zinc and hydrochloric acid? 

A adding a catalyst 

B decreasing the temperature 

C decreasing the particle size of the zinc 

D using more concentrated acid 

17 The equations represent redox reactions. 

In which equation is the underlined substance acting as a reducing agent? 

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18 An aqueous solution Y contains both barium ions and silver ions. In separate experiments, 
dilute sulfuric acid and dilute hydrochloric acid are added to solution Y. Which of these acids 
causes a precipitate to form in solution Y? 

19 The diagram shows the pH values of four solutions. 

Which of these solutions are alkaline? 

A P only 

B P and Q only 

C Q, R and S only 

D R and S only 

20.The diagram shows the position of an element X in the Periodic Table. 

What is the correct classification of element X and its oxide? 

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P 4  

21. Butan-1-ol is used as a solvent for paints and varnishes, to make esters and as a fuel. 
Butan-1-ol can be manufactured from but-1-ene, which is made from petroleum. 

Biobutanol is a fuel of the future. It can be made by the fermentation of almost any form of 
biomass - grain, straw, leaves etc. 

(a) But-1-ene can be obtained from alkanes such as decane, C10H22, by cracking. 

(i) Give the reaction conditions. 

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(ii) Complete an equation for the cracking of decane, C10H22, to give but-1-ene. 

C​10​H​22​ → -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------[2] 

(iii) Name the reagent that reacts with but-1-ene to form butan-1-ol. 

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(b) (i) Balance the equation for the complete combustion of butan-1-ol. 

------C4H9OH + ------- O2 → --------- CO2 + ------- H2O [2] 

(ii) Write a word equation for the preparation of the ester butyl methanoate. 

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(c) The fermentation of biomass by bacteria produces a mixture of products which include 
biobutanol, propanol, hydrogen and propanoic acid. 

(i) Draw the structural formula of propanol and of propanoic acid. Show all the bonds. 

propanol 

propanoic acid [2] 

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(ii) Why is it important to develop these fuels, such as biobutanol, as alternatives to 
Petroleum? 

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d) How could you show that butanol made from petroleum and biobutanol are the same 
chemical? 

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22. 9.12 g of anhydrous iron(II) sulfate was heated. Calculate the mass of iron(III) oxide 

formed and the volume of sulfur trioxide, at r.t.p., formed. 

2FeSO4(s) → Fe2O3(s) + SO2(g) + SO3(g) 

mass of one mole of FeSO4 = 152 g 

number of moles of FeSO4 used =--------------------------------- 

number of moles of Fe2O3 formed = --------------------------------- 

mass of one mole of Fe2O3 = --------------------------------- g 

mass of iron(III) oxide formed = --------------------------------- g 

number of moles of SO3 formed = --------------------------------- 

volume of sulfur trioxide formed = ---------------------------------dm3 [6] 

23. It is now known that the smell of the seaside is due to the chemical dimethyl sulfide, 
(CH​3​)​2​S. 

(i) Draw a diagram that shows the arrangement of the valency electrons in one molecule of this 
covalent compound. 

Use x to represent an electron from a carbon atom. Use o to represent an electron from a 
hydrogen atom. Use ● to represent an electron from a sulfur atom. [3] 

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(ii) Name the three compounds formed when dimethyl sulfide is burnt in excess oxygen. 

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24. Some grass is crushed and mixed with the solvent, propanone. The colour pigments are 
extracted to give a deep green solution. 

(a) (i) Draw a labelled diagram to describe how you could show that there is more than one 
coloured pigment in the green solution. 

[3] 

(ii) Given a pure sample of chlorophyll, how could you show that the green solution from the 
grass contained chlorophyll? 

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(b) Explain the role of chlorophyll in green plants. 

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25. The results of experiments on electrolysis using inert electrodes are given in the table. 
Complete the table; the first line has been completed as an example. 

26. The following is a list of the electron distributions of atoms of unknown elements. 

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(a) Choose an element from the list for each of the following descriptions. 

(i) It is a noble gas. ------------------------------------------ 

(ii) It is a soft metal with a low density. ------------------------------------------ 

(iii) It can form a covalent compound with element A.------------------------------------------ 

(iv) It has a giant covalent structure similar to diamond.------------------------------------------ 

(v) It can form a negative ion of the type X​3-​. ----------------------------------------- -[5] 

(b) Elements C and F can form an ionic compound. 

(i) Draw a diagram that shows the formula of this compound, the charges on the ions and the 
arrangement of the valency electrons around the negative ion. 

Use o to represent an electron from an atom of C. Use x to represent an electron from an atom 
of F. 

[3] 

(ii) Predict two properties of this compound.  

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27. Hydrogen reacts with the halogens to form hydrogen halides. (a) Bond energy is the 
amount of energy, in kJ, that must be supplied (endothermic) to break one mole of a bond. 

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Use the above data to show that the following reaction is exothermic. 

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(b) They react with water to form acidic solutions. 

(i) Explain why water behaves as a base in both of these reactions. 

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(ii) At equilibrium, only 1% of the hydrogen chloride exists as molecules, the rest has formed 
ions. In the other equilibrium, 97% of the hydrogen fluoride exists as molecules, only 3% has 
formed ions. What does this tell you about the strength of each acid? 

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(iii) How would the pH of these two solutions differ? 

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P6. 

28. Describe a chemical test to distinguish between each of the following pairs of substances. 

An example is given. 

Example: hydrogen and carbon dioxide 

test lighted splint 

result with hydrogen ; ​ gives a pop 

result with carbon dioxide ; ​ splint is extinguished 

(a) zinc carbonate and zinc chloride 

Test 
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result with zinc carbonate ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

result with zinc chloride  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------[2] 

(b) ammonia and chlorine 

Test ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

result with ammonia ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

result with chlorine ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [3] 

(c) aqueous iron(II) sulfate and aqueous iron(III) sulfate 

Test -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

result with aqueous iron(II) sulfate-------------------------------------------------------------------  

result with aqueous iron(III) sulfate -------------------------------------------------------------[3] 

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29. Two solids, S and V, were analysed. S was copper(II) oxide. 

The tests on the solids, and some of the observations are in the following table. 

Complete the observations in the table. Do not write any conclusions in the table. 

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(f) (i) Compare the reactivity of solid S and solid V with hydrogen peroxide. 

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(ii) Identify the gas given off in test (e). 

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(g) What conclusions can you draw about solid V? 

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