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# Code No: RR311403 Set No.

1
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
(Mechatronics)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) With the help of a neat diagram, describe the various components of stress
and strains.
(b) Derive the stress, strain relationship and strain displacement elevation. [4+6+6]

2. Derive the finite element equations from the one dimensional second order equation
by variational approach. 

3. Estimate the displacement vector, stresses and reactions for the truss structure as
shown below Figure3:

Figure 3
Note: - Area is not given and assumed as A(e) = 1mm2 ‘E’ is not given. Assumed
as E=2×105 N/mm2 

4. A simply supported beam of l m length carries a single point load P at the center of
the span. Descritize the span into two elements, find the value of central deflection
using FEM? 

5. Explain in detail how the element stiffness matrix and load vector are evaluated in
isoparametric formulations. 

## 6. Estimate the temperature distribution in 1-D fin as shown in figure6 by making

into two elements? 

Figure 6

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Code No: RR311403 Set No. 1
7. Explain the following with examples.

## (a) Lumped parameter model.

(b) Consistant mass matrix model. [8+8]

## (a) Conformal mapping approach

(b) Mapped element approach. [4+4+4+4]

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Code No: RR311403 Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
(Mechatronics)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) Define Geometric Variance.

(b) What is meant by displacement function?
(c) Give the importance of Pascal Triangle. [4+6+6]

## 2. With a suitable example explain the formulation of finite element equations by

direct approach. Assume suitable data for the example. Use I-D analysis 

3. Consider the truss element with the coordinates i(10,10) & q(50,40) If the displace-
ment vector is q=[15 10 21 43]T mm, then determine

## (a) The trace vector F

(b) Stress in each element
(c) Stiffness matrix if E= 70 GPA and A= 200 mm2 . [6+4+6]

4. Consider a beam with uniform distributed load as shown in the figure4. Estimate
the deflection at the centre of the beam.
E = 200 Gpa ; A = 25 mm ×0 25 mm. 

Figure 4
5. (a) What is a constant strain triangular element? State its properties and appli-
cations.
(b) The nodal coordinates of the triangular element are shown in figure5. At the
interior Point P

Figure 5

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Code No: RR311403 Set No. 2
the x coordinate is 3.3 and the shape function at node 1 is N1 is 0.3. Determine the
shape functions at nodes 2 and 3 and also the y coordinate of the point P. [6+10]

6. One side of the brick wall of width 5 m, height 4 m and thickness 0.5 m is exposed
to a temperature of - 250 C while the other surface is maintained at 320 C. If the
thermal conductivity is 0.75 W/m K and the heat transfer coefficient on the colder
side is 50 W/m2 K. Determine

## (a) The temperature distribution in the wall and

(b) Heat loss from the wall. 

7. Discuss the methodology to solve the Eigen value problem for the estimation of
natural frequencies of a stepped bar? 

## 8. (a) Explain the semi automatic mesh generation technique.

(b) List any three Finite element analysis software and explain their capabilitie.
[8+8]

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Code No: RR311403 Set No. 3
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
(Mechatronics)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) Explain briefly a plane strain problem with suitable examples.

(b) Derive the material constitutive matrix for a plane stress problem. [8+8]

## 2. With a suitable example explain the formulation of finite element equations by

direct approach. Assume suitable data for the example. Use I-D analysis 

3. Derive the element stiffness matrix for the plane truss element. 

4. A beam of length 2 m is fixed at both ends. Estimate the deflection at the center
of the beam where load is acting vertically downward of 10 kN. Divide the beam
into two elements. Compare the solution with theoretical calculations. Take E =
2 × 1011 N/m2 , A = 250 mm2 . 

5. On a four nodal quadrilateral plane stress element the nodes are (0, 0), (6, 2), (6,
6) and (1, 5). A concentrated load whose x and y components are 10 kN, 16 kN
respectively is applied at a point (4, 5). Find the equivqlent nodal forces and the
displacement of nodes. 

6. Explain the methodology for the treatment of all three boundary conditions in a
1-D heat transfer element? 

7. Derive the elemental jumped and consistant mass matrices for 1-D bar element and
1-D plane truss element? 

8. (a) How do you calculate the element stresses for 3-Dimensional body?
(b) Derive the element stiffness term and force term for four noded tetrahedral
elements. [8+8]

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Code No: RR311403 Set No. 4
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
(Mechatronics)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Determine the circumference of a circle of radius ‘r’ using the basic principles of
finite element method. 
2. Derive stiffness equations for a bar element from the one dimensional second order
equation by variated approach. 
3. Consider the truss element with the coordinates i(10,10) & q(50,40) If the displace-
ment vector is q=[15 10 21 43]T mm, then determine
(a) The trace vector F
(b) Stress in each element
(c) Stiffness matrix if E= 70 GPA and A= 200 mm2 . [6+4+6]
4. Consider a beam with uniform distributed load as shown in the figure4. Estimate
the deflection at the centre of the beam.
E = 200 Gpa ; A = 25 mm ×0 25 mm. 

Figure 4
5. Derive the expressions needed for the evaluation of the stiffness matrix of the
isoparametric four-noded finite element shown in figure5. Assume plane stress
and plane strain condition. 

Figure 5

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Code No: RR311403 Set No. 4
6. One side of the brick wall of width 5 m, height 4 m and thickness 0.5 m is exposed
to a temperature of - 250 C while the other surface is maintained at 320 C. If the
thermal conductivity is 0.75 W/m K and the heat transfer coefficient on the colder
side is 50 W/m2 K. Determine

## (a) The temperature distribution in the wall and

(b) Heat loss from the wall. 

7. Evaluate the eigen values, eigen vectors and natural frequencies of a beam of cross
section 360 cm2 of length 600 mm. Assume young’s modulus as 200 Gpa, density
7850 kg/m3 and moment of Inertia of 3000 mm4 . Make into two elements of 300
mm length each. 

(b) Nodes first