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What is the arrangement of electrons in the Thomson’s model of an atom?

1. These are present in specific orbits

2. These are present at the centre of positively charged sphere

3. These are embedded in a sphere of positive charge

4. These are present at the outer surface of the positively charged sphere

Suppose ‘X’ is an element whose atomic number is 7 and its atom contains 7 neutrons, then ‘X’ can be
represented as


2. 7 X7



Which of the following particle was discovered by James Chadwick?

1. Electron

2. Proton

3. Neutron

4. Cathode rays

Chemical properties of an element depends upon

1. number of electrons
2. number of protons

3. mass of the atom

4. valency of that element

Red edible part of water melon represents which sub–atomic particle according to the Thomson’s model
of atom?

1. Negative charge

2. Positive charge

3. Both negative and positive charge

4. None of these

According to Rutherford, how many times is the radius of nucleus smaller than radius of the atom?

1. 10 times

2. 102 times

3. 103 times

4. 105 times

Which of the following statements is correct according to the Thomson’s model of an atom?

1. Atoms are indivisible and indestructible

2. There is a lot of empty space in an atom

3. The model of an atom is similar to that of a Christmas pudding

4. The electrons revolve around the nucleus

The rebounding of the α–particles in Rutherford’s experiment explains which of the following features of
the atom?

1. Presence of electron in the nucleus

2. Presence of nucleus in the atom

3. Presence of energy–shells in the atom

4. Presence of all the positive charge and concentration of mass in the nucleus of the atom

The major contribution of the Thomson’s model of the atom is the

1. discovery of nucleus

2. explanation of stability of atom

3. explanation of distribution of electrons

4. explanation of electrically neutral nature of atom

Atomic number and mass number of carbon are 6 and 12 respectively. What is the notation for carbon?

2. 6 C12


4. 12 C6

If electrons from oxygen are removed, the atomic mass of oxygen will _______.

1. decrease

2. increase

3. remain same

4. be greater than or equalized

Which of the following is not an isotope of oxygen?





Which of the following is a multicellular eukaryote with cell wall made of cellulose?

1. Protists

2. Fungi
3. Plants

4. Animals

Which kingdom is characterized by unicellular eukaryotes?

1. Fungi

2. Protista

3. Plantae

4. Animalia

Aristotle classified organisms on the basis of similarity in their ________.

1. mode of nutrition

2. nature of cell

3. habitat

4. body organization\

What is the basic unit of classification?

1. Genus

2. Family

3. Kingdom

4. Species
Which of the following is not included in kingdom Plantae?

1. Herbs

2. Shrubs

3. Lichens

4. Trees

Paramecium has _______ for locomotion.

1. flagella

2. pseudopodia

3. hyphae

4. cilia

Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of the kingdom Plantae?

1. Cell wall

2. Saprophytic mode of nutrition

3. Photosynthesis

4. Multicellularity

Find the odd one out.

1. Penicillium
2. Aspergillus

3. Agaricus

4. Paramecium

Which of the following is a characteristic feature of the kingdom Animalia?

1. Heterophic mode of nutrition

2. Cell wall

3. Chitin

4. Unicellularity

Lichen is a symbiotic association between ________ and ________.

1. algae and fungi

2. anabaena and algae

3. virus and fungi

4. amoeba and algae

In which of the following options the organisms paired with each other do not belong to the same group?

1. Anabaena – Mycoplasma

2. Amoeba – Bacteria
3. Paramecium – Euglena

4. Agaricus – Yeast

Which of the following statements about organisms belonging to the kingdom Monera is not correct?

1. They may or may not have cell walls.

2. They have well–defined cell organelles.

3. Their mode of nutrition can be either autotrophic or heterotrophic.

4. The group included prokaryotic organisms.