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Assignment: z-test for proportion

Q.1) The Energy Information Administration reported that 51.7% of homes in the
United States were heated by natural gas. A random sample of 200 homes found
that 115 were heated by natural gas. Does the evidence support the claim, or has
the percentage changed? Use 𝛼 = 0.05.
Hint: Claim : 𝑝 = 0.517 ,
𝐻0 : 𝑝 = 0.517 (Claim)
𝐻1 : 𝑝 ≠ 0.517 (two tailed)
𝑥 115
𝑛 = 200, 𝑥 = 115, 𝑝̂ = = = 0.575,
𝑛 200
𝑝 = 0.517, 𝑞 = 1 − 𝑝 = 1 − 0.517 = 0.483

Q.2) Researchers suspect that 18% of all high school students smoke at least one
pack of cigarettes a day. At Wilson High School, with an enrollment of 300
students, a study found that 50 students smoked at least one pack of cigarettes a
day. At 𝛼 = 0.05, test the claim that 18% of all high school students smoke at least
one pack of cigarettes a day.
Hint: Claim : 𝑝 = 0.18
𝐻0 : 𝑝 = 0.18 (Claim)
𝐻1 : 𝑝 ≠ 0.18 (two tailed)
𝑥 50
𝑛 = 300, 𝑥 = 50, 𝑝̂ = = = 0.18
𝑛 300
𝑝 = 0.18, 𝑞 = 1 − 𝑝 = 1 − 0.18 = 0.82

Q.3) For a certain year a study reports that the percentage of college students
using credit cards was 83%. A college dean of student services feels that
this is too high for her university, so she randomly selects 50 students and finds
that 40 of them use credit cards. At 𝛼 = 0.04, is she correct about her university?
Hint: Claim : 𝑝 = 0.83
𝐻0 : 𝑝 = 0.83 (Claim)
𝐻1 : 𝑝 ≠ 0.83 (two tailed)
𝑥 40
𝑛 = 50, 𝑥 = 40, 𝑝̂ = = = 0.8
𝑛 50
𝑝 = 0.83, 𝑞 = 1 − 𝑝 = 1 − 0.83 = 0.17
Q.4) Nationally, at least 60% of Ph.D. students have paid assistantships. A
college dean feels that this is not true in his state, so he randomly selects 50 Ph.D.
students and finds that 26 have assistantships. At 𝛼 = 0.05, test the claim?
Hint: Claim : 𝑝 ≥ 0.60
𝐻0 : 𝑝 ≥ 0.60 (Claim)
𝐻1 : 𝑝 < 0.60 (left tailed)
𝑥 26
𝑛 = 50, 𝑥 = 26, 𝑝̂ = = = 0.52
𝑛 50
𝑝 = 0.60, 𝑞 = 1 − 𝑝 = 1 − 0.60 = 0.40

Q.5) A report by the NCAAstates that 57.6% of football injuries occur during
practices. A head trainer claims that this is too high for his conference, so he
randomly selects 36 injuries and finds that 17 occurred during practices. Is his
claim correct, at 𝛼 = 0.05?
Hint: Claim : 𝑝 > 0.576
𝐻0 : 𝑝 = 0.576
𝐻1 : 𝑝 > 0.576 (right tailed) (Claim)
𝑥 17
𝑛 = 36, 𝑥 = 17, 𝑝̂ = = = 0.47
𝑛 36
𝑝 = 0.576, 𝑞 = 1 − 𝑝 = 1 − 0.576 = 0.424

Q.6) In the past, 20% of all airline passengers flew first class. In a sample of 35
passengers, 10 flew first class. At 𝛼 = 0.10, can you conclude that the proportions
have changed from 20%?
Hint: Claim : 𝑝 ≠ 0.20
𝐻0 : 𝑝 = 0.20
𝐻1 : 𝑝 ≠ 0.20 (two tailed) (Claim)
𝑥 10
𝑛 = 35, 𝑥 = 10, 𝑝̂ = = = 0.29
𝑛 35
𝑝 = 0.20, 𝑞 = 1 − 𝑝 = 1 − 0.20 = 0.80

Q.7) It has been reported that 40% of the adult population participate in computer
hobbies. A random sample of 180 adults found that 65 engaged in computer
hobbies. At 𝛼 = 0.01, is there sufficient evidence to conclude that the proportion
differs from 40%?
Hint: Claim : 𝑝 ≠ 0.40
𝐻0 : 𝑝 = 0.40
𝐻1 : 𝑝 ≠ 0.40 (two tailed) (Claim)
𝑥 65
𝑛 = 180, 𝑥 = 65, 𝑝̂ = = = 0. .36
𝑛 180
𝑝 = 0.40, 𝑞 = 1 − 𝑝 = 1 − 0.40 = 0.60