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Road to HKDSE 2019

Analysis of past speaking papers (過往說話考試分析)

 

Pronunciation and  poor fluency (說話不流利)  audible (清晰可聽)


Delivery (25%)
 lack of intonation (語氣缺乏起伏)

 rapid delivery (語速過快)

Communication  overzealous in encouraging weaker  encourage weaker candidates to


Strategies (25%) candidates contribute

(過份鼓勵較弱的同學) (鼓勵較弱的同學)

 “I agree” without elaboration  politely give ideas for weaker


candidates to comment on
(“I agree”後沒有解釋論點)
(提出論點讓較弱同學發揮)
 Disagree to others’ ideas after saying “I
agree”  poor coherence  make reference to ideas suggested by
other group members
(“I agree”後反對別人觀點
(參照其他組員的意見)
 自相矛盾)
 rephrase what other people say to
 Read from notecards and make little eye
clarify meaning
contact (只顧筆記,無眼神接觸)
(重組別人語句,使論點更清晰)
 Look at the examiner without looking at
the group mates (只看著考官)  elaborate and expand on points given
by others
 Mini-presentation without interaction
(進一步解釋其他人的論點)
(只顧「演說」,沒有互動)
 draw members’ attention to ideas
 Lack of confidence  wait for others to
mentioned in the text
invite them to contribute
(提醒組員注意關鍵詞
(缺乏信心,等待邀請發言)
 避免離題)

 natural turn-taking and exchange of


ideas

(自然輪換和交流意見)
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A. Group Interaction

 

Vocabulary and  lack of vocabulary in social issues and

Language Patterns (25%) debating (缺乏時事詞彙)

 fail to construct grammatically coherent

sentences (語句文法不當)

 misunderstand and misinterpret key

ideas in the reading material

(誤解閱讀素材)

 concur with misunderstanding and

misinterpretation (附和離題)

 weakness in describing tables and figures

(描述圖表較弱)
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 

Ideas and Organization  poor understanding of international  link topic to personal experience
(25%) affairs (對國際事務認識貧乏)
(food photos, super-sized food,
 off-topic (離題) education system)  examples

 repeat ideas in the reading material (利用個人經歷討論)

(重覆閱讀素材重點)  give examples in daily life

 Difficulty in choosing one preferred (運用日常生活例子)


option from given choices  fail to link
others’ contributions to their own  quote examples from local and
international media
不能做出選擇  難以融入討論)
(從本地和國際媒體舉例子)
 ignore other people’s opinions
 Elaborate on others’ views
(忽略別人見解)
(加以說明別人觀點)
 fail to understand the gist of the
discussion  Use others’ ideas to make own ideas
more substantial
(不能理解論題的要旨)
(運用別人見解使自己觀點更充實)

 sensitivity and critical thinking

(敏銳和批判思維)

 express their views from a global


perspective (從國際角度表達觀點)

 show creativity and imagination

(展現創意和想像)
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B.  

Don’t always focus on prepared notes. Identify relevant points from the given

(不要只顧筆記) text according to the prompts given.

(利用題目指引,在閱讀素材找出重點)
Don’t write a whole speech Interpret the relevant points and expand

(不要寫整篇演講稿) on them.

(詮釋閱讀素材重點,加以引申)
Don’t copy large parts of the given text. Courteous to other candidates.

(不要從閱讀素材照抄) (禮貌對待其他考生)
Listen attentively to others and adapt and

modify what you have planned to say.

(討論時留心聆聽其他考生,修改回應內

容)
Candidates can ask others to clarify what

they have said. (考生可以要求組員清楚

解釋重點)
Knowledge of the world is needed.

(學生需要具備世界知識)
Use examples to support main points

(利用例子支持重點)
Individual Response

2014  

Individual  用 Thank you for your question 或  audible (清晰可聽)

Response This is a very good question 拖延


 comprehensible (容易理解)
時間
 focus more on the keywords
 Ask for another question.
(強調關鍵字眼  扣題)
(要求考官問另一條問題)
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¿ refusal to communicate  Develop ideas systematically

(拒絕溝通) (系統地組織論點)

¿ deduct marks (扣分)  Use examples to support main

points (用例子支持論點)
 Lack the initiative to answer

Yes/No questions

(不願回答 Yes/No questions)

 Fail to understand keywords 

incomprehensible response

(不能理解關鍵詞 

作出不相關的回應)

Common Mistakes
Lexical items (詞語混淆)

in addition (addiction) beneficial (benefical)


diabetes (dibetis) email (emeel)
habits (hobbits) youth (yorkf)
failure (failer) lack (lick)
courteous (curtes) tertiary (tortury / territory)
traditional (charditional) screenwriter (screamwriter)
soup (soap) definition (defination)
feeling (filling) lose (loss)
raising (rising) tours (towers)
robot (rabbit/Robert) climb (crime)
snack (snake) healthy (heavy)
choose (choice)
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Consonant clusters (漏讀子音)

proposal (proposal) waterfront (waterfont)


blog (bog) qualities (kalities)
publish (pubish) complain (compain)
friends (fans) cloned (coned)
classroom (cassroom) debts (debuts)
programme (pogram/pogam) pressure (pleasure)
shark (sark) brand (band/ban)
branch (bunch) clutter (cutter)
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Word stress in multi-syllabic words (音節著重)


ambassadors encounter
photography nowadays
graffiti Switzerland
economy economic
skateboarding youngsters
subscribe infrastructure
specific resources
couponing internship
celebrities advertisement
necessity advertising
extraordinary tourists
tourism motivation
fascinating technological
intelligence dinosaur
luxurious calculator
heritage collaboration
photography persuade
apprenticeship exhibition
internship tradition
brochure character
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Dropping of final consonants (漏讀尾音)

because experience
service besides
super-sized clothes

Common mistakes (常見文法錯誤)

Problem Examples
Commonly misunderstood words / phrases countryside / longevity / apprenticeship

/ HK’s heartbeat / heritage


Chinese English They are difficult to / easy to

Have someone said that

As what you say


Comparative more better / more easy / more healthier

/ more cheaper
To-infinitive / bare infinitive … go to shopping / Let us to do
Connectives so / so that

Although … but …
Singular / plural nouns People is …

many money

childrens
Transitive verb discuss about
Adjectives I feel boring