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John Wick

LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746
The purpose of this research study was to determine if students’ performance on a graduate comprehensive

exam could be predicted by the combination of three variables: professional motivation, qualifications for admissions

to graduate training, and performance in graduate courses. The research question for this study is: How well can the

performance on a graduate comprehensive exam be predicted if we know students’ scores on professional motivation,

qualification for admissions to graduate training, and their performance in graduate courses?

The variables used in this study are all continuous. The dependent variable for this study is: performance on the

graduate comprehensive exam. The independent variables are: professional motivation, qualifications for admissions to

graduate training, and performance in graduate courses. Together, these three variables are analyzed as predictors of

the outcome on students’ performance on the graduate comprehensive exam.

The research participants were college students. The sample size for this study was n=6.

The analyses performed for this study were bivariate correlation and multiple regression.

Results for this study were: R2= .702, F(3 , 2) =1.573, p > .05. Clearly, this indicates that the results were not

found to be statistically significant from the probability of achieving the same results by chance. While the R2 for this

model is high, the small sample size directly affected the significance of the results causing p > .05. Therefore, the H0

is accepted. Furthermore, the standardized regression coefficients, β, indicate the following:

• For every unit increase in professional motivation, in terms of standard deviation, you would expect to

find a .319 increase on the comprehensive exam, in terms of standard deviation.

• For every unit increase in qualifications for admissions to graduate training, in terms of standard

deviation, you would expect to find a .291 increase on the comprehensive exam, in terms of standard

deviation.

• For every unit increase in performance in graduate courses, in terms of standard deviation, you would

expect to find a .402 increase on the comprehensive exam, in terms of standard deviation.
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746
CORRELATIONS
/VARIABLES=X1 X2 X3 Y
/PRINT=TWOTAIL NOSIG
/STATISTICS DESCRIPTIVES
/MISSING=PAIRWISE.

Correlations

Descriptive Statistics
Mean Std. Deviation N
X1 PROFESSIONAL 11.0000 2.19089 6
MOTIVATION
X2 QUALIFICATIONS 10.1667 4.83391 6
FOR ADMISSION
X3 GRADE 11.3333 4.36654 6
Y COMPREHENSIVE 10.0000 4.51664 6
EXAM

Correlations
X1 X2
PROFESSION QUALIFICATIO Y
AL NS FOR COMPREHEN
MOTIVATION ADMISSION X3 GRADE SIVE EXAM
X1 PROFESSIONAL Pearson Correlation 1 .397 .376 .586
MOTIVATION Sig. (2-tailed) .436 .462 .221
N 6 6 6 6
X2 QUALIFICATIONS Pearson Correlation .397 1 .783 .733
FOR ADMISSION Sig. (2-tailed) .436 .065 .098
N 6 6 6 6
X3 GRADE Pearson Correlation .376 .783 1 .750
Sig. (2-tailed) .462 .065 .086
N 6 6 6 6
Y COMPREHENSIVE Pearson Correlation .586 .733 .750 1
EXAM Sig. (2-tailed) .221 .098 .086
N 6 6 6 6
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746

REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT Y
/METHOD=ENTER X1 X2 X3.

Regression

Variables Entered/Removedb
Model Variables Variables
Entered Removed Method
1 X3 GRADE, X1 . Enter
PROFESSION
AL
MOTIVATION,
X2
QUALIFICATI
ONS FOR
ADMISSIONa
a. All requested variables entered.
b. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM

Model Summary
Model Adjusted R Std. Error of
R R Square Square the Estimate
a
1 .838 .702 .256 3.89615
a. Predictors: (Constant), X3 GRADE, X1 PROFESSIONAL
MOTIVATION, X2 QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADMISSION
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746

ANOVAb
Model Sum of
Squares df Mean Square F Sig.
1 Regression 71.640 3 23.880 1.573 .411a
Residual 30.360 2 15.180
Total 102.000 5
a. Predictors: (Constant), X3 GRADE, X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION, X2
QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADMISSION
b. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM

Coefficientsa
Model Standardized
Unstandardized Coefficients Coefficients
B Std. Error Beta t Sig.
1 (Constant) -4.722 9.066 -.521 .654
X1 PROFESSIONAL .658 .872 .319 .755 .529
MOTIVATION
X2 QUALIFICATIONS .272 .589 .291 .462 .690
FOR ADMISSION
X3 GRADE .416 .646 .402 .644 .586
a. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM

REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA COLLIN TOL CHANGE
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT Y
/METHOD=ENTER X1
/METHOD=ENTER X2 X3.
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746

Regression

Notes
Output Created 13-Feb-2011 11:46:39
Comments
Input Data /Users/John/Documents/APU/EdD/A
DV SATS/LAB A/LAB B/LAB B1
WICK.sav
Active Dataset DataSet1
Filter <none>
Weight <none>
Split File <none>
N of Rows in Working 6
Data File
Missing Value Handling Definition of Missing User-defined missing values are
treated as missing.
Cases Used Statistics are based on cases with
no missing values for any variable
used.
Syntax REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R
ANOVA COLLIN TOL CHANGE
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT Y
/METHOD=ENTER X1
/METHOD=ENTER X2 X3.

Resources Processor Time 00:00:00.006


Elapsed Time 00:00:00.000
Memory Required 3616 bytes
Additional Memory 0 bytes
Required for Residual
Plots
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746

Variables Entered/Removedb
Model Variables Variables
Entered Removed Method
1 X1 . Enter
PROFESSION
AL
MOTIVATIONa
2 X3 GRADE, X2 . Enter
QUALIFICATI
ONS FOR
ADMISSIONa
a. All requested variables entered.
b. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM

Model Summary

Model Change Statistics

Adjusted R Std. Error of the R Square


R R Square Square Estimate Change F Change df1 df2 Sig. F Change
a
1 .586 .344 .179 4.09140 .344 2.093 1 4 .221
b
2 .838 .702 .256 3.89615 .359 1.205 2 2 .453

a. Predictors: (Constant), X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION


b. Predictors: (Constant), X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION, X3 GRADE, X2 QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADMISSION

ANOVAc
Model Sum of
Squares df Mean Square F Sig.
1 Regression 35.042 1 35.042 2.093 .221a
Residual 66.958 4 16.740
Total 102.000 5
2 Regression 71.640 3 23.880 1.573 .411b
Residual 30.360 2 15.180
Total 102.000 5
a. Predictors: (Constant), X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION
b. Predictors: (Constant), X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION, X3 GRADE, X2
QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADMISSION
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746
ANOVAc
Model Sum of
Squares df Mean Square F Sig.
1 Regression 35.042 1 35.042 2.093 .221a
Residual 66.958 4 16.740
Total 102.000 5
2 Regression 71.640 3 23.880 1.573 .411b
Residual 30.360 2 15.180
Total 102.000 5
a. Predictors: (Constant), X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION
b. Predictors: (Constant), X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION, X3 GRADE, X2
QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADMISSION
c. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM

a
Coefficients
Model Standardized
Unstandardized Coefficients Coefficients Collinearity Statistics
B Std. Error Beta t Sig. Tolerance VIF
1 (Constant) -3.292 9.337 -.353 .742
X1 PROFESSIONAL 1.208 .835 .586 1.447 .221 1.000 1.000
MOTIVATION
2 (Constant) -4.722 9.066 -.521 .654
X1 PROFESSIONAL .658 .872 .319 .755 .529 .832 1.203
MOTIVATION
X2 QUALIFICATIONS .272 .589 .291 .462 .690 .374 2.671
FOR ADMISSION
X3 GRADE .416 .646 .402 .644 .586 .381 2.622
a. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746

b
Excluded Variables
Model Collinearity Statistics
Partial Minimum
Beta In t Sig. Correlation Tolerance VIF Tolerance
a
1 X2 QUALIFICATIONS .594 1.575 .213 .673 .843 1.187 .843
FOR ADMISSION
a
X3 GRADE .617 1.726 .183 .706 .858 1.165 .858
a. Predictors in the Model: (Constant), X1 PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION
b. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM

Collinearity Diagnosticsa
Model Dimension Variance Proportions
X1 X2
PROFESSION QUALIFICATIO
AL NS FOR
Eigenvalue Condition Index (Constant) MOTIVATION ADMISSION X3 GRADE
1 1 1.984 1.000 .01 .01
2 .016 11.090 .99 .99
2 1 3.847 1.000 .00 .00 .00 .00
2 .109 5.931 .08 .04 .22 .05
3 .028 11.730 .00 .04 .71 .94
4 .015 15.883 .91 .92 .07 .01
a. Dependent Variable: Y COMPREHENSIVE EXAM
John Wick
LAB B1 Narrative
EDUC 746

matrix.
compute Rmqg={1, .39658, .37631; .39658, 1, .78329; .37631, .78329, 1}.
print Rmqg.
compute Rc={.58613; .73284; .75043}.
print Rc.
compute Betamqg=inv(Rmqg)*Rc.
print Betamqg.
compute Bm=.3193054919*(4.517/2.191).
compute Bq=.2911682817*(4.517/4.834).
compute Bg=.4022029470*(4.517/4.366).
compute A=10-(Bm*11+Bg*11.33+Bq*10.17).
print Bm.
print Bq.
print Bg.
print A.
end matrix.

Matrix

[DataSet0]

Run MATRIX procedure:

RMQG
1.000000000 .396580000 .376310000
.396580000 1.000000000 .783290000
.376310000 .783290000 1.000000000
RC
.5861300000
.7328400000
.7504300000

BETAMQG
.3193054919
.2911682817
.4022029470

BM
.6582852154

BQ
.2720742922

BG
.4161133100

A
-4.722696723

------ END MATRIX -----