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ADF?
a. Produces a signal that differs from the received signal by approximately 2
KHz.
b. Produces a 2 KHz signal.
c. Minimise static interference.
d. To identify beacons when the signals are very weak.C
12 Diffraction of radio waves?
a. Increases with increasing frequency.C
b. Decreases with increasing frequency.
c. Is constant at all frequencies.
d. Varies with latitude, but not with longitude.

13 An aircraft�s weight at take-off is given as 190 000 N. During flight, the


aircaft burns 7000 kg
of trip fuel. What is the aircraft�s landing mass (10 m/s2
)?
a. 12 368 kg
b. 12 000 kg C
c. 18 569 kg
d. 18 930 kg

14The traffic load, basic mass, and variable load can be defined as:
a. DOM
b. OM
c. GM
d. ZFM C

15 RLM is:
a. Always equal or greater than MLM
b. Always equal or less than MLM C
c. Always equal to MLM
d. Never equal to MLM

16 MZFM is defined as the:


a. Minimum permissible mass of an aeroplane with no useable fuel, but including
payload
b. Maximum permissible mass of an aeroplane with useable fuel, but no payload
c. Minimum permissible mass of an aeroplane with the useable fuel but no payload
d. Maximum permissible mass of an aeroplane without the useable fuel but including
payload C
17 Choose the correct statement for an aircraft�s CG where the LeMAC is + 82 in,
the MAC is
60 in, and the CG is located at 20% MAC.
a. 100 in aft of the datum
b. 50 in forward of the TeMAC C
c. 12 in aft of LeMAC
d. 96 in aft of the datum C

18 The CG of an aircraft is 22.5 ft aft of datum. MAC is 7 ft, the distance of the
trailing edge of
the MAC is 29 ft aft of the datum; the CG as a % MAC is?
a. 7.14%
b. 17.4%
c. 27%
d. 71%

19 An aircraft flies a great circle track from 56� N 070� W to 62� N 110� E.
The total distance travelled is?
A 3720 NM
B 5420 NM
C 1788 NM
D 2040 NM

20 An aircraft at position 60�N 005�W tracks 090�(T) for 315 km.


On completion of the flight the longitude will be:
A 002�10'W
B 000�15'E
C 000�40'E
D 005�15'E

21 Isogonals are lines of equal:


A compass deviation.
B magnetic variation.
C wind velocity.
D pressure.

22 The scale on a Lambert conformal conic chart:


A is constant along a meridian of longitude
B is constant along a parallel of latitude C
C varies slightly as a function of latitude and longitude
D is constant across the whole map

23 On a Direct Mercator chart, a rhumb line appears as a:


A small circle concave to the nearer pole
B straight line
C curve convex to the nearer pole
D spiral curve

24 Given:
Magnetic heading 311�
Drift angle 10� left
Relative bearing of NDB 270�
What is the magnetic bearing of the NDB measured from the aircraft?
A 221�
B 208�
C 211�
D 180�

25 A Lambert conformal conic chart has a constant of the cone of 0.80.


A straight line course drawn on this chart from A (53�N 004�W) to B is 080� at A;
course at B
is 092�(T).
What is the longitude of B?
A 019�E
B 008�E
C 009�36'E
D 011�E

26 Given:
True course 300�
drift 8�R
variation 10�W
deviation -4�
Calculate the compass heading.
A 322�
B 306�
C 278�
D 294�

27 Given:
Course 040�(T),
TAS is 120 kt,
Wind speed 30 kt.
Maximum drift angle will be obtained for a wind direction of:
A 130�
B 145�
C 115�
D 120�

28 Given:
IAS 120 kt,
FL 80,
OAT +20�C.
What is the TAS?
A 141 kt
B 102 kt
C 120 kt
D 132 kt

29 How many wavelengths, to the nearest whole number, of frequency 200 MHz are
equivalent to 35 ft?

30 The reported surface wind from control tower is 240*/35Kts, Runway 30 (300*).
What is the cross wind component?

30
35
26

31 On a direct Mercator project, at lat 45* N, a certain length represents 70nm. At


30* N, the same length represents approximately

86nm
75nm
90nm

32 At 47* N the chart distance between meridian 10* apart is 6�. The scale of the
chart at 47* N approximately

1: 6000000
1: 12000000
1: 5000000

33 An aircraft is flying east wards around the earth. a/c A is flying along 75*N &
a/c B is flying along 45*S.
If the G/S of A is 300Kts, what will the G/S of B? If the both a/c are flying
around the earth,
Have same journey time.

720
640
810

34 An aircraft is on a VOR radial of 300 & OBS set to 300 FROM a vor on heading of
300. CDI shows 3 dot deflection
to the right on 5dot indicator. Aircraft changes its heading to 120 to vor.
Indications are?

300 OBS, 3dot to left , FROM


VOR indication will not change
300 OBS, 3dot to right, TO
35 An aircraft taking off from A to B, a distance of 180nm. After travel 60nm, it
finds itself 4nm to the left of track. Find the correction required
6* R
4* R
6* L

36 Dry operating mass � 2800, Max landing mass � 3700, Max take off mass � 4200,
traffic load -400, trip � 300. Find max fuel that can be carried?

1000
700 C
1200

37 The stalling speed of aircraft increases with

Forward movement of centre of gravity from it datum


Aft movement of centre of gravity from its datum
Weight is increased to the front of centre of gravity

38 the compression factor of the earth:


A) is about 1:300.
B) all 3 answers are correct.
C) is so small that it may be ignored when making ordinary maps and charts.
D) makes the difference between the polar diameter and the equatorial diameter
about 22 NM.

39 The angle between the true great-circle track and the true rhumb-line track
joining the following points: A (60� S 165� W) B (60� S 177� E), at the place of
departure A, is:
A) 5.2�
B) 7.8�
C) 15.6�
D) 9�

40 The total length of the 30� Latitude is:


A) 10.800 km
B) 18.706 km
C) 18.706 nm

D) 10.800 nm

41 Latitude may be defined as:


A) The displacement of a place from equator.
B) The angular distance measured along a meridian from the equator to a parallel of
the latitude,
measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds and named North or South.
C) The angle between the plane of the equator and the plane of the parallel of
latitude.
D) The distance from equator to a place on the surface of the earth.

42 A great circle track joins position A (59� S 141� W) and B (61� S 148� W). What
is the difference between the great circle track at A and B?
A) It increases by 3� .
B) It decreases by 6� .
C) It increases by 6� .
D) It decreases by 3�

43 Given: value for the ellipticity of the Earth is 1/297. Earths semi-major axis,
as measured at the equator, equals 6378.4 km. What is the semi-minor axis (km) of
the earth at the axis of the Poles?
A) 6 367.0
B) 6 399.9
C) 6 378.4
D) 6 356.9

44 The latitude where the value of convergency is half the value of convergency at
60� N is:
A) 25� 39 N
B) 90� 00 N
C) 27� 52 N
D) 30� 00 N

45 Given: Great circle from P to Q measured at P=095� Southern hemisphere


Conversion angle P - Q =7�
What is the rhumb line track P - Q?
A) 102
B) 088
C) 109
D) 081

46 On a Lambert Conformal Conic chart earth convergency is most accurately


represented at the:
A) Equator.
B) north and south limits of the chart.
C) parallel of origin.
D) standard parallels.

47 The two standard parallels of a conical Lambert projection are at N10� 40 and
N41� 20. The cone constant of this chart is approximately:
A) 0.18.
B) 0.90.
C) 0.44.
D) 0.66.

48 On a transverse Mercator chart, with the exception of the Equator, parallels of


latitude appear as:
A) straight lines.
B) hyperbolic lines.
C) parabolas.
D) ellipses

49 You are flying from A (50N 10W) to B (58N 02E). If Inital Great Circle track is
047� T what is
Final Great Circle track?
A) 29�
B) 52�
C) 43�
D) 57

50 There are two NDB� s, one 20 NM inland, and the other 50 NM inland from the
coast. Assuming that the error caused by coastal refraction is the same for both
propagations, the extent of the error in a position line plotted by an aircraft
that is over water will be:
A) greater from the beacon that is. 50 NM inland.
B) greater from the beacon that is 20 NM inland.
C) the same from both beacons when the aircraft is on a relative bearing of 180�
and 360� .
D) the same from both beacons when the aircraft is on a relative bearing of 090�
and 270� .
51 RIX (N56� 53.8 E023� 58.0) 164� (RMI)/ 48 NM DME. The position of the aircraft
is:
A) 57� 50N 023� 38E
B) 57� 42N 023� 50E
C) 57� 48N 023� 43E
D) 57� 42N 023� 40E

52 Which of the following is an advantage of Ground/DF (VDF) let-down?


A) It does not require any special equipment to be fitted to the aircraft.
B) It only requires a VHF radio to be fitted to the aircraft.
C) It does not require any special equipment, apart from a VHF radio, to be
installed in the aircraft or on the ground.
D) It is pilot interpreted and does not require the assistance of ATC.

53 Ground direction finding at aerodromes utilises which frequencies?


A) VHF at civil aerodromes and VHF at military aerodromes.
B) UHF at civil aerodromes and VHF at military aerodromes
C) UHF at civil aerodromes and UHF at military aerodromes.
D) VHF at civil aerodromes and UHF at military aerodromes

54 For a given set of ionospheric conditions, as the frequency of an HF signal is


increased:
A) the size of the dead space increases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) frequency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A
59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f ##uency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f�###ency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f####ency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW
##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f####ency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f####ency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f####ency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f####ency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f####ency; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f�#�H�
�*�##��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f!##H�
�*�##��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###H�
�*�##��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A
59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f�^��#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###�#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###�#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###�#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###�#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###�#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###�#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085
D) 275

60An aircraft is flying on a heading of 270� (M). The VOR OBS is also set to 270�
with the full left deflection and FROM flag displayed. In which sector is the
aircraft from the VOR ground station:
A) NE
B) SE
C) NW
D) SW

##d the
minimum skip distance increases.
B) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the decreasing minimum skip
distance.
C) the size of the dead space increases due solely to the increasing minimum skip
distance.
D) the size of the dead space decreases because the surface wave coverage
decreases, and the
minimum skip distance decreases.

55 The phase difference between the reference and variable signals on QDM 050� (VAR
10� W) for a conventional VOR is:
A) 050�
B) 230�
C) 220�
D) 040�

56 if the (i) of a radio wave is (ii) then the skip distance will (iii) and the
dead space will (iv):
A) (i) f###�#`���###��:�(#W�#☕
~#��J��T�e\O*�tH#G��HY��##
B) (i) wavelength; (ii) decrease; (iii) increase; (iv) decrease
C) (i) wavelength; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase
D) (i) frequency; (ii) increase; (iii) increase; (iv) increase

57 The rate of refraction of a radio wave which occurs within the ionosphere:
A) increases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.
B) is constant regardless of the frequency involved.
C) is greater at night.
D) decreases as the frequency of the radio wave increases.

58 With regard to the following types of NDB which statements is correct?


A) Locators have 200 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
B) Locators have 15 W power, 10-25 nm range and are NON A2A.
C) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A2A.
D) Locators have 5000 W power, 50 nm range and are NON A1A

59 Given: Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) for a VOR is selected to 090� . From/To
indicator
indicates TO. CDI needle is deflected halfway to the right. On what radial is the
aircraft?
A) 265
B) 095
C) 085