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# c

PRECISION FARMING:

c
c  
 c  c c c c  c c 
c  c c  c  c
c c c c c c   c  c c  
 c c c c  c c
 c 
c  c c c  c c
 c  c c c c
 c c c   c  c  cc
c c
cc 
c c
 c
cc cc c c cc c c cc 
 c
c
c c   c  c
c
c ! 
 c " c  c  c c  c  c c  
c  c c c  c c  c
 c! 
cccc cc
c
c
c cc c  cc c

cc ccc
ccc cc c
 cc c c
c c    c c    c 
c 
c # c # c  c 
c #  c c
ccc cc\$ c  cc c
c c  
c c c   cc c
 
c c   c c
c c c  c c c    c c    c

c 
c # c %c c c &c c   c  c c  c  c c c   c
 c
cc
 
c
c cc c c 
cc c'c
c c c  c c c 
c c c  c  c c
c  c c
 c
c "c  
 c
c  c c c c c   c c
 c c c
 cc  cc ccccc( 'cc 
c) & c c

c
c
c
What is precision farming?

"c 
c * c ! 
 *c c * c % *c c c 
c c   c
 c c   c c c c

' c c  
 c 
c c
 
 cc

"c 
c * c ! 
 *c c * c % *c c   c c 
 c c
c
 cccc cccc ccccc 
cc  c
 c c   c c c c

' c c  
 c 
c c
 
 c

c c  c c    c  c c   c c c c c c  c c
  cc  c  c!
cc c 
c c\$  c
cc
c c c c  c +c c
c c  c c  c 
c c ,-c

c c . c c c  c /c c   c   c c c c c c
\$ c c  c c c  c c
c  c c  c c c
  c

c  
 c 
c
c c
c c  c  c c  c c c  c c
 c c  c 
 cc c"c( cc c 
 c
c   c c  c c   c  
 c 
c !
c  c
c c 
c   c c c 
c  c c  c c 
c c

## c  c 

 c  
c
 
c c c   c  c c c  c c
c "c c c  c c  c c  
 c c c  c
 c c c  c c c 'c  c . &c 0c c c  c
c
c % c c c  c c  c c  c c
 c   c c

 c  c  c c c  c c  c c c 
  c
c c  
 c  c "c c c c c  c c c
 c 
ccc  c c
 
c c   c c 
c
c
c  c c "c 
c  c c c c  c c  c
  c  ccc  cc  c   
c

##  c cc c

"c 
c c c c c  c c c   c c  c &c  c
c  c c cc"c  cc
c 
 c c ccc
c cc  c 'c cc 
c
cc c c
 ccc  c cc

c! 
 c" cccc#c1 &c23-4 c cc
c
 ccccc 'c& cc   c &c c
 ccc

## & cc c 

 c
c
Principles of Precision Farming

## !cc cc c  ccc cc cc

ccc  c  c
c cc  ccc  c c ccc c
\$
' cccc
 
cc

' cc  c&c c 
 c
c c233- c
c
Factors affecting yield

"c c
cc cc
cccc c  c cc c  cc
c 5c

Weather ( No control)

1c c
c c  c cc  c cccc ccccc c

c c c c
ccc c c cccc
c
Soil ( Little or no control)

"c 
c cc
cc ccc cc c  ccccc
ccc cccc c  cc c
cc cccc c
 cc
c
Husbandry (Full control)

"c 
c ccc cc ccc c6c cc  cc c
c  cccc ccc cc cc  c ccccc
c
c6c ccc cc
ccc
 c ccc  c
c
Plant (Full control)

"c 
c ccc cc cc6c cc c  c c cc c
 c cc c cc c  c cccc  c
 c!c
c  c cc c ccc  c c cc  cc
c
Elements of Precision Farming

## "c c c 

 c 
c c c  c ! c c   c c 2 c
7  ccc&c cc  ccc cc  cc cc7  c
cccc c cc  5c  c
 c c  c

c
7   c  c 78" c c c c (c c  c  c  c c c 
 c 
c c  c cc c c c
c c cc c   c

c9c
c 
c c cc c
 c7   c  c5c

## ëc |c  ccc:c

ëc |c
c cc :c c
ëc "
c  c cccc

;c c
cc c  cccc 
cc cc c 
c
c c
c
cc &cc cc c  c c ccc
 
c"c  c cc 
'ccc 
 c
c
c
Information levels

## "c cc cc ccc cc

c"cc cc  ccc

c& c c c
c! c c  c2333c c"c*   *c

 c c
cc  c c
 c cc cc   c cc
 c"c
*
 *c  c 
c
  c 
c c c c   c c c  c c \$ c
  c c c 'c c "c *&  *c 
c  c c 
c c
  'c c 
c   c  c c  c  c 
c c
&c c c c c
 c cc


c cccc cc c ccc&  c"c

 ccc c c  c  cc 
c c cccccc c
 &c cc 
 c& c c 
 cc c cc
cc
c  c c 
c c c c c & c c c  c c
 c 
c  c c c c &c c  
c
c
Scenarios

;   c
c cc c 
 cccc! c<c  c2333c c
!cc ccc ccc c cc  cc ccc
!ccc# c c
cc
c  c
&cc c"c\$c cc
c   c
c c  c c   c c 
c c "c c c  c c
 c  
c c c   c c c  
 c c c c ! c ,c
  c 2333c  c  c 2c c  c c   c  
 c  c c  c

 ' c c c c  c  c  c c   c c  
c c
 c
c78"c
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c c c<c

cc
cc
c c

 c 2c c  c c c *  c c   *c   c   c  c c  c c
  cc* cc  *c c c<c 
c c* 
'c  *c c
c  c c c  
 c % c  c  c c c c c c c
c c  c 0 c   c c  c  c c c  
 c
c
Precision farming for small farms in India

1c c  
 c c  c c 
 c  
c c c   c c c  c
c c  c c= ccc c c c c  
 c c  'c c
 c
 
c%c&c cc c 
 cc  c  ccccc
c
"c c c cc cc  c9c cc  cccc
cc  c  c1c  c cc c c c ccc  c
c  c  c +c  c c  c c c c c c c
cc
c
"cc ccccc&cc  ccc c c 
 c
c
c 
c1c 
c c  cc
c c 
 cc
 c
 c 
c

 
ccc  c c c
ccc cc 
 c
c9c c
 c 
c  
c c  
c  c  c  c c  c c  c c c  c c "c

## &c c   c  c c

c  c 
c  c c  
c
& c c&c1cc
cc c  cc cc'c c  c
c
c
c c  
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c  
c c
c
 c

"c 
c c c c  c  
 c c  c  c c \$  c

c c c  c  c  c  c 
c c
c c  c  c
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c
c "c c 
c cc  c  
 c c c c  c cc  c
 c
&c c  c ! c c c 
c c c \$  c
c  c
c

## &c  c

 
c c c  c c 
c  
c
c
"c&cc
\$
' c 
c ccc cc cc cc c  c c c
c

' c  c c  
 c c "c (
c c c
c c c
 c  :c  cc c c c c  c c cc c
c
  c %c c
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## c cc c c  cc cc c#cc ccc

cc c

c"c&cc c
 
ccc & c c cccc
 c  c c  c 8  c  c c  c c
 c
c c
 c c   c  
c!c
c  
c c c
c c c c c
c c
 cc ccc

!c\$
c c c
 c c c  ccc  ccc c
c &c
c c  c c c c  c c c c  c 'c c c c  c
c
c  c c  c " & c c c  c c c c
c  &c   c c

c c c 'c 9c c c c 
c  &c  c c  c  c 'c c
  ccccccc c'c c  c ccc"c
c

c  c 6 c c  c  c  c  c c 
  c
c c  c c
c  c  c c c   c c 
c
c c 'c  c c c c  c
"c c
c  &c c c   c c  cc 'c  cc c c c  c
'c"c
c c'cc c  c ccccc c  c
'c"c
c
c&c c 
 cc c c 
 c
c c
c  
ccc
c c c
 cc c c c c c
cc c

\$c cc
c& c

Conclusionc
c 
 c
c c
 
c  cc c  c c
cc
c c c 
c c c  
c c  & c c c c  c c c
ccc

7  c  c   c  c c c  c 
c c c &c
 cc c 
 c c 
 cc c  c ccc cc cc
 c c 
 
c c c
c c 
c c  
c c  c  cc
c
c ! 
 c  c  
c c c c c c 'c  c c c c c c
 c c "c   c
c c c  c  c c  c   c
c
"c c c c\$ c c c cc  cc  cc c cc  c
c