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SYMBOLS & STANDARDS


Document By
SANTOSH BHARADWAJ REDDY
Email: help@matlabcodes.com
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1) INSTRUMENT ABBREVIATIONS

PRESSURE
P : PRESSURE
PI : PRESSURE INDICATOR
PG : PRESSURE GAUGE
PCV : PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE
PT : PRESSURE TRANSMITTER
PIT : PRESSURE INDICATING TRANSMITTER
PIC : PRESSURE INDICATING CONTROLLER
PDT : PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL TRANSMITTER
PRV : PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE
PSV : PRESSURE SAFETY VALVE
PS : PRESSURE SWITCH
PSH : PRESSURE SWITCH HIGH
PSL: PRESSURE SWITCH LOW
PSHH : PRESSURE SWITCH HIGH HIGH
PSLL : PRESSURE SWITCH LOW LOW
PDS : PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL SWITCH
PDSH : PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL SWITCH HIGH
PDSL : PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL SWITCH LOW
PA : PRESSURE ALARM

TEMPERATURE
T : TEMPERATURE
TI : TEMPERATURE INDICATOR
TW : THERMOWELL
TM : THERMOMETER
TE : TEMPERATURE ELEMENT
RTD : RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE DETECTOR
T/C : THERMOCOUPLE
TT : TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTER
TIC : TEMPERATURE INDICATING CONTROLLER
TRC : TEMPERATURE RECORDER CONTROLLER
TCV : TEMPERATURE CONTROL VALVE
TS : TEMPERATURE SWITCH
TSH : TEMPERATURE SWITCH HIGH
TSL : TEMPERATURE SWITCH LOW
TA : TEMPERATURE ALARM

FLOW
F : FLOW
FI : FLOW INDICATOR
FG : FLOW GLASS / FLOW GAUGE
FE : FLOW ELEMENT
FIT : FLOW INDICATING TRANSMITTER
FCV : FLOW CONTROL VALVE

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FIC : FLOW INDICATING CONTROLLER
FS : FLOW SWITCH
FY : FLOW CONVERTER
FA : FLOW ALARM
FR : FLOW RECORDER
FRC : FLOW RECORDING CONTROLLER
LEVEL
L : LEVEL
LI : LEVEL INDICATOR
LG : LEVEL GAUGE
LIT : LEVEL INDICATING TRANSMITTER
LCV : LEVEL CONTROL VALVE
LDT : LEVEL DISPLACER TRANSMITTER
LIC : LEVEL INDICATING CONTROLLER
LRC : LEVEL RECORDING CONTROLLER
LS : LEVEL SWITCH
LSH : LEVEL SWITCH HIGH
LSL: LEVEL SWITCH LOW
LA : LEVEL ALARM
RLT : RADAR LEVEL TRANSMITTER

GENERAL
DCS : DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM
SCADA : SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM
PLC : PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER
HART : HIGHWAY ADDRESSABLE REMOTE TRANSDUCER
HHT : HAND HELD TERMINAL
SFC : SMART FIELD CONFIGURATOR
ESD : EMERGENCY SHUT DOWN
AOV : AIR OPERATED VALVE
MOV : MOTOR OPERATED VALVE
SV : SOLENOID VALVE
XVE : VIBRATION PROXIMITOR
XVT : VIBRATION TRANSMITTER
AE : ANALYZER
JB : JUNCTION BOX
ILD : INSTRUMENT LOOP DIAGRAM
P&ID : PIPING AND INSTRUMENT DIAGRAM
IIS : INSTRUMENT INSTALLATION SCHEDULE
TDR : TIME DELAY RELAY
SP : SET POINT
NC : NORMALLY CLOSED
NO : NORMALLY OPEN
MCC : MOTOR CONTROL CENTRE
IAS : INSTRUMENT AIR SUPPLY
IGS : INSTRUMENT GAS SUPPLY
ACFO : AIR TO CLOSE FAIL OPEN
AOFC : AIR TO OPEN FAIL CLOSE
FFA : FLAME FAILURE ALARM
P/I – P to I : PNEUMATIC TO CURRENT CONVERTER
I/P – I to P : CURRENT TO PNEUMATIC CONVERTER
PB : PUSH BUTTON

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PID : PROPORTIONAL, INTEGRAL AND DERIVATIVE
E/H: ELECTRO HYDRAULIC ACTUATOR
BOV : BLOW DOWN VALVE
A/M : AUTO / MANUAL – 2 POSITION SWITCH
ZS : POSITION SWITCH
HS : HAND SWITCH

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2) INSTRUMENT LINE SYMBOLS

2.1) INSTRUMENT SUPPLY or CONNECTION TO PROCESS ___________________

2.2) PNEUMATIC SIGNAL ___________________

2.3) ELECTRICAL SIGNAL (ANALOG SIGNAL) (mA DC (OR) VDC) ------------------------

3.4) ELECTROMAGNETIC or SONIC SIGNAL ___________________

3.5) HYDRAULIC SIGNAL ___________________

2.6) CAPILLARY TUBE (FILLED SYSTEM) ___________________

2.7) PULSE TRAIN _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2.8) INTERNAL SYSTEM LINK


(SOFTWARE or DATA LINK)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3) TYPES OF SUPPLY

3.1) AS - AIR SUPPLY IA – INSTRUMENT AIR


PA – PLANT AIR Options

3.2) ES – ELECTRICAL SUPPLY

3.3) GS – GAS SUPPLY

3.4) HS – HYDRAULIC SUPPLY

3.5) NS – NITROGEN SUPPLY

3.6) SS – STEAM SUPPLY

3.7) WS – WATER SUPPLY

The “ES” or “AS” symbol is to be used only for Field Devices requiring supply. For
panel mounted instruments power supplies are not shown on flow sheet.

ES 24 V DC

IAS 130 kPa

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4) GENERAL INSTRUMENT SYMBOLS

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5) IDENTIFICATION LETTERS

TABLE – 1

FIRST LETTER (4) SUCCEEDING LETTER (3)


MEASURED / INITIATING MODIFIER READOUT / OUTPUT MODIFIER
VARIABLE PASSIVE FUNCTION
FUNCTION
A ANALYSIS (5, 19) ALARM

B BURNER, COMBUSTION USER’S CHOICE (1) USER’S CHOICE (1) USER’S CHOICE (1)

C USER’S CHOICE (1) CONTROL (13)

D USER’S CHOICE (1) DIFFERENTIAL


(4)
E VOLTAGE SENSOR (PRIMARY
ELEMENT)
F FLOW RATE RATIO
(FRACTION) (4)
G USER’S CHOICE (1) GLASS, VIEWING
DEVICE (9)
H HAND HIGH (7,15,16)

I CURRENT (ELECTRICAL) INDICATE (10)

J POWER SCAN (7)

K TIME, TIME SCHEDULE TIME, RATE OF CONTROL STATION


CHANGE (4, 21) (22)
L LEVEL LIGHT (11) LOW (7, 15, 16)

M USER’S CHOICE (1) MOMENTARY MIDDLE,


(4) INTERMEDIATE (7,
15)
N USER’S CHOICE (1) USER’S CHOICE (1) USER’S CHOICE (1) USER’S CHOICE (1)

O USER’S CHOICE (1) ORIFICE,


RESTRICTION
P PRESSURE, VACUUM POINT (TEST)
CONNECTION
Q QUANTITY INTEGRATE,
TOTALIZE (4)
R RADIATION RECORD (17)

S SPEED, FREQUENCY SAFETY (8) SWITCH (13)

T TEMPERATURE TRANSMIT (18)

U MULTIVARIABLE (6) MULTIFUNCTION (12) MULTIFUNCTION (12) MULTIFUNCTION (12)

V VIBRATION, MECHANICAL VALVE, DAMPER,


ANALYSIS (19) LOUVER (13)
W WEIGHT, FORCE WELL

X UNCLASSIFIED (2) X AXIS UNCLASSIFIED (2) UNCLASSIFIED (2) UNCLASSIFIED (2)

Y EVENT, STATE / PRESENCE Y AXIS RELAY, COMPUTE,


(20) CONVERT(13,14,18)
Z POSITION, DIMENSION Z AXIS DRIVER,
ACTUATOR,
UNCLASSIFIED
FINAL CONTROL
ELEMENT

NOTE: Numbers in parentheses refer to specific explanatory notes.

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6) TYPICAL LETTER COMBINATIONS


TABLE – 2

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7) FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS – FUNCTIONAL DESIGNATIONS

THE FUNCTION DESIGNATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH CONTROLLERS, COMPUTING DEVICES, CONVERTERS


AND RELAYS MAY BE USED INDIVIDUALLY OR IN COMBINATION (ALSO SEE TABLE 1, NOTE 14). THE USE OF
A BOX AVOIDS CONFUSION BY SETTING OFF THE SYMBOL FROM OTHER MARKINGS ON A DIAGRAM AND
PERMITS THE FUNCTION TO BE USED AS A STAND ALONE BLOCK ON CONCEPTUAL DESIGNS.
TABLE -3

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8. APPLICATION EXERCISE

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