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ME1203 ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND METALLURGY

(Common to Automobile and Production)


(REGULATION 2007)

Time: Three hours Maximum: 100 marks

Answer ALL questions.


PART A - (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1. Define Peritectic and Eutectoid reaction.


2. What are various allotropic forms of iron?
3. What is the principle of surface hardening in induction hardening
process?
4. Distinguish between grey cast iron and spheroidal cast irons in
terms of microstructure.
5. Write the composition of stainless steel.
6. Name any four applications of Maraging steels.
7. Distinguish between polymer and ceramics.
8. Write the molecular structure of phenol formaldehyde.
9. Define endurance limit in fatigue test.
10. What are the proprieties are determined from tension testing
machine of metallic products?

PART B - (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11.(a) How are solid solutions classified? Give example for each.
[MARKS 8]
(b) Draw the phase diagram between A and B, if the two metals
completely soluble in solid and liquid state. [MARKS 8]
OR
12.(a) Draw the iron-carbon equilibrium diagram. [MARKS 10]
(b) Discuss the microstructure of 0.8% C steel at room temperature.
[MARKS 6]
13.(a) Explain how Jominy end quench test is used for determining the
hardenability of steels. [MARKS 8]
(b) Explain the annealing heat treatment process used for steel
interms of temperature of heating, method of cooling and structural
transformation. [MARKS 8]
OR
14. Define isothermal cooling. Draw and explain TTT diagram for steel.
[MARKS 16]
15.(a) How will you classify the brasses based on the composition of
zinc? Explain the properties and application of the main types of
brasses. [MARKS 10]
(b) Explain the steps involved in precipitation hardening treatment.
[MARKS 6]
OR
16. Discuss the influence of the following alloying element on
properties of steel:
(a) Chromium
(b) Vanadium
(c) Tungsten
(d) Molybdenum
(e) Manganese
(f) Titanium. [MARKS 16]
17. Describe the molecular structure, properties and applications of the
following polymers: [MARKS 4 x 4 = 16]
(a) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
(b) Polystyrene (PS)
(c) Polyethylene tetra phthalate (PET)
(d) Polycarbonate (PC).
OR
18.(a) Explain the strengthening mechanism of fibre-reinforced
composites. [MARKS 8]
(b) List the advantages, limitations and applications of composite
materials. [MARKS 8]
19.(a) Explain the mechanisms of plastic deformation on metals by slip
and twinning. [MARKS 8]
(b) List the types of fractures and factors influencing them. [MARKS 8]
OR
20. Explain the procedures for preparing Charpy and Izod specimen for
impact testing and also explain how testing is performed. [MARKS 16]

B.E/B.Tech.(Full Time)Degree End Semester Examinations-


November/December 2008

Mechanical Engineering -IV Semester-Regulation 2004

ME282-Engineering Materials And Metallurgy


Time:3 Hours Answer All Questions
Max.marks:100

Part-A[10x2=20 Marks]

1.What are cooling curves? Draw the cooling curve of an off eutectic
binary alloy?
2.Compare between substitutional and interstitial solid solution?
3.What is meant by austempering?
4.Define the term critical cooling rate?
5.what are HSLA steels? List down some of the applications of HSLA
steels?
6.Draw the microstructure of Pearlitic grey cast iron and indicate the
various phases
present in it?
7.List the various fibre materials used in fibre reinforced composites?

8.Why are fillers and plasticizers added to polymers?


9.Define the terms slip and twinning?
10.What are the factors affecting creep?

Part-B[5x16=80 Marks]

11. Discuss the properties and typical applications of the following


engineering ceramics:
i)Al2O3 ii)SiC iii)Si2N4 iv)PSZ v)Sialons

12. a)Draw the Iron-Iron Carbide equilibrium diagram indicating the


phases present and explain the invariant reactions in the
equilibrium diagram.
(OR)
b)Platinum and gold are completely soluble in both the liquid and
solid states.The melting point of platinum is3139C and that of gold
1913C.An alloy containing 40% gold starts to solidify at2878C by
separating crystals of 15% gold.An alloy containing 70% gold starts to
solidify at 2518C by separating 37% of gold.

i)Draw the equilibrium diagram to scale on a graph and label all


points, line and areas.(4marks)
ii) For an alloy containing 70% of gold (1)give the temperature of
initial solidification(2)give the temperature of final
solidification(3)give the chemical compositionand relative amount of
phases present at 2408C(4)Draw the cooling curve (12marks)

13. a)Compare and contrast the process of full annealing, process


annealing, stress relief annealing, recrystallization annealing and
spheroidise annealing.
(OR)
b)Differentiate between hardness and harenability.Explain the
Jominey end quench method
of determining the hardenability.

14. a)Discuss the effect of the following elements as alloying additions


to steel
i) Manganese ii) Silicon
iii) Chromium iv) Molybedenum
v) Vanadium vi) Titanium and
vii) Tungsten
(OR)
b) i) What are the necessary metallurgical characteristics required
in a good bearing metal?
ii) Compare and contrast lead-base, tin-base, copper-base and
aluminium-base bearing alloys.

15. a)Discuss Brinell Hardness test to determine the hardness of a


metal.What are some of the limitations of Brinell Hardness test?
Under what conditions might the Brinell Hardness test be better than
the Rockwell test.
(OR)
b) What are the main reasons for using notch impact tests? Explain
and distinguish Izod test
and charpy test to test the strength of a material.

Answer All Questions Max.marks:100

Part-A[10x2=20 Marks]

1.What are cooling curves? Draw the cooling curve of an off eutectic
binary alloy?
2.Compare between substitutional and interstitial solid solution?
3.What is meant by austempering?
4.Define the term critical cooling rate?
5.what are HSLA steels? List down some of the applications of HSLA
steels?
6.Draw the microstructure of Pearlitic grey cast iron and indicate the
various phases
present in it?
7.List the various fibre materials used in fibre reinforced composites?

8.Why are fillers and plasticizers added to polymers?


9.Define the terms slip and twinning?
10.What are the factors affecting creep?

Part-B[5x16=80 Marks]

11. Discuss the properties and typical applications of the following


engineering ceramics:
i)Al2O3 ii)SiC iii)Si2N4 iv)PSZ v)Sialons
12. a)Draw the Iron-Iron Carbide equilibrium diagram indicating the
phases present and explain the invariant reactions in the
equilibrium diagram.
(OR)
b)Platinum and gold are completely soluble in both the liquid and
solid states.The melting point of platinum is3139C and that of gold
1913C.An alloy containing 40% gold starts to solidify at2878C by
separating crystals of 15% gold.An alloy containing 70% gold starts to
solidify at 2518C by separating 37% of gold.

i)Draw the equilibrium diagram to scale on a graph and label all


points, line and areas.(4marks)
ii) For an alloy containing 70% of gold (1)give the temperature of
initial solidification(2)give the temperature of final
solidification(3)give the chemical compositionand relative amount of
phases present at 2408C(4)Draw the cooling curve (12marks)

13. a)Compare and contrast the process of full annealing, process


annealing, stress relief annealing, recrystallization annealing and
spheroidise annealing.
(OR)
b)Differentiate between hardness and harenability.Explain the
Jominey end quench method
of determining the hardenability.

14. a)Discuss the effect of the following elements as alloying additions


to steel
i) Manganese ii) Silicon
iii) Chromium iv) Molybedenum
v) Vanadium vi) Titanium and
vii) Tungsten
(OR)
b) i) What are the necessary metallurgical characteristics required
in a good bearing metal?
ii) Compare and contrast lead-base, tin-base, copper-base and
aluminium-base bearing alloys.

15. a)Discuss Brinell Hardness test to determine the hardness of a


metal.What are some of the limitations of Brinell Hardness test?
Under what conditions might the Brinell Hardness test be better than
the Rockwell test.
(OR)
b) What are the main reasons for using notch impact tests? Explain
and distinguish Izod test
and charpy test to test the strength of a material.