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     !  " #Of the Spirit of law. G   

Difference b/w a military government and a monarchy: In a monarchy the King or emperor is a civilian or a
military that was ͞entitled͟ to the position of monarch by inheritance, whereas in a pure military
government the armed forces of a country assume power by the means of a coup d͛etat.
Exempli gratia; in Hungary and in Republic of China, even though they are not completely democratic, fit as
an example for they are semi democratic, the first one has 4 branches (executive, judicial, legislative, and
the attorney general). China has five branches(Executive yuan, legislative Yuan, judiciary Yuan, Control Yuan,
and Examination Yuan). Also, is important to mention the difference between powers or branches and
bodies. Powers are the ones that control one specific social role, verbi gratia, the judiciary controls the
courts, but bodies serve a specific function under a power or branch. An example to serve this is Germany
that has three brances( executive, judicial and legislative) but has 6 bodies ( Bundespräsident: Executive,
Bundeskabinett:Executive, Bundestag: Legislative, Bundesrat: Legislative, Bundesversammlun: Presidential
Electoral body, serving under the legislative͛s mandate, and the Bundesverfassungsgericht: Constitutional
Court serving under the Judicial power).
Presidentialist, semi presidentialist, parliamentary, semi parliamentary, Constitutional Monarchy, etc͙

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                ·rior in
tempore potior in iure6, In dubio pro reo7, Nemo judex in sua causa8,
contractus lex9, Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege10, etc«.   

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Exempli gratia; In Honduras The Human rights are consecrated in the 59th article of the constitution, ͞ The
human being is the supreme end of the state and society͟. Also it is defined in the articles; 1, 60-110, and
the 90th article is the generic principle of the due process, that states: ͞ No one shall be judged, if not by
competent, judge or tribunal, and with the formalities, guaranties and rights, stated in the law.͟
E.g.: Habeas data, Habeas Corpus, writ of amparo, writ of anti-constitutional decrees, revision writ.
First in time, better in law.
In the doubt, in favor of the delincuent.
No one can be a judge of one͛s own cause.
The contractual is law.
There is no crime and no punishment for an act that is not expressed completely as punishable in a
previous law.