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[trgtbo` ]beobhihgge dge \bekgeg ]bhgcsgegge tbrjgdgp


H`eocueoge, [is`gh, Cbsbjgtge dge Cbsbhgfgtge Cbrag

([]\]-H[C;)
]beogdgge Agsg Ciestrucs` ]bflgeouege
@enrgstructur dge [grgeg ]rgsgrgeg C-0
Cgetir ]usgt DALK Tgjue Geoogrge <=<7
 

DGNTG\ @[@
LGL @. ]BEDGJRHRGE
]BEDGJRHRGE

7.7 
7.7 Rrg`ge ]bcbragge
7.< 
7.< ]bfl`gygge
7.; 
7.; Iroge`sgs` Cbrag ]beybd`g Agsg
7.4 
7.4 Tuauge [trgtbo` ]beobhihgge dge \bekgeg ]bhgcsgegge ([\]\)
7.2 
7.2 Cbrgeocg Cbrag Jucuf
7.2.7  ]brgturge ]bfbr`etgj @ediebs`g
7.2.<  Cbl`agcge [gnbougrd Lgec @ediebs`g

LGL @@. ]B\BEKGEGGE


]B\BEKGEGGE

<.7 
<.7 \bekgeg Fgegabfbe dge Cbsbhgfgtge Hghu H`etgs (\FCH)
<.7.7  ]beobedgh`ge Hghu H`etgs
<.7.<  ]beobedgh`ge ]gdg Qieg Cbrag
<.7.;  Lgjge dge ]brhbeocgpge
<.7.4  ]bfbh`jgrgge Hghu H`etgs
<.< 
<.< \bekgeg Cbrag ]beobhihgge dge ]bfgetgu H`eocueoge (\C]]
(\C]]H)
H)
<.; 
<.; \bekgeg Cbsbhgfgtge dge Cbsbjgtge Cbrag Ciestrucs` (\C;C)
<.4 
<.4 \bekgeg ]beobhihgge ]bcbrag
<.2 
<.2 \bekgeg Retuc Fbfpbrihbj ]brsbtuauge/]br`z`ege
<.> 
<.> \bekgeg Fgegabfbe Cbsbhgfgtge dge Cbsbjgtge
Cbsb jgtge Fgsygrgcgt Tbrdgf
Tbrdgfpgc
pgc
<.: \bekgeg Fgegabfbe \bs`ci H`eocueoge dge [is`gh Pgeo Fueoc`e T`fluh

LGL @@@. FIE@TI\@EO DGE B^GHRG[@

;.7 Fie`tir`eo dge Bvghugs`


 

LGL @
]BEDGJRHRGE
7.7  Rrg`ge ]bcbragge
]bflgeouege d`pbrhucge uetuc fbfuh`jcge cbflgh` nueos` ]brcgetirge sbrtg fbe`eocgtcge
nueos `eyg. Rrg`ge pbcbragge dghgf ]beogdgge Agsg
c`ebrag sbsug` dbeoge cgpgs`tgs dge nueos`eyg.
Ciestrucs` ]bflgeouege @enrgstructur dge [grgeg ]rgsgrgeg C 0 Cgetir ]usgt DALK Tgjue Geoogrge
<=<7 fbh`put` 1

Egfg ]gcbt ]bcbragge

]beogdgge Agsg Ciestrucs` ]bflgeouege @enrgstructur dge [grgeg ]rgsgrgeg C 0 Cgetir ]usgt DALK
Tgjue Geoogrge <=<7

]bcbragge `e` d`l`gyg` dbeoge G]LE cietrgc Tgjue <=<7 Dbeoge Ageocg wgctu
]bhgcsgegge ]bcbragge1 <?=
<?= (Dug
(Dug \gtus Tuauj
Tuauj ]uhuj
 ]uhuj ) jgr` cghbedbr.
7.<  ]bfl`gygge

]bfl`gygge uetuc cbo`gtge ]beybhbeoogrgge [`stbf fgegabfbe Cbsbhgfgtge Ciestrucs` ([FCC)


ygeo tbrtugeo dghgf dicufbe hbhgeo getgrg hg`e 1

7. ]bhgcsgge C;

 Gdgpue pbrsygrgtge dge cbtbetuge spbs`n`cgs` ygeo tbrtuh`s dg


dghgf
hgf spbctbc dge
dg e dicufbe hbhgeo fbeagd`
gkuge dghgf pbeogdgge dge pbhgcsgegge ygeo d`hgcucge ihbj pbeybd`g agsg. Gpgl`hg t`dgc tbrtugeo
dghgf dicufbe, fgcg pbeybd`g agsg fbeo`cut` cbputusge dgr` d`rbcs` tbce`s dge ]]C uetuc cbtbetuge
spbs`n`cgs` dghgf pbeogdgge fgupue pbhgcsgegge C;.
 

Iroge`sgs` cbrag ]beybd`g Agsg  

Tuauge [trgtbo` ]beobhihgge dge \bekgeg ]bhgcsgegge ([\]\)


uetuc Fbeobhihg \`s`ci H`eocueoge,

7.;  [is`gh, Cbsbjgtge dge cbsbhgfgtge Cbrag (HC[;)

Tuauge dgr` ]beobhihgge H`eocueoge dge [is`gh `e` gdghgj uetuc fbfgst`cge lgjwg sbhuruj
cifpiebe gcge d`hgcsgegcge sbkgrg lbrcbhgeautge dbeoge fbeobhihg gspbc h`eocueoge dge
sis`gh. Dbeoge fbfpbrabhgs pr`es`p-pr`es`p pbeobhihgge h`eocueoge dge sis`gh pgdg pgcbt
pbcbragge \bjgl`h`tgs` Lbedueoge ]gkgh dge fbeagd` pgeduge dghgf1

7. ]brs`gpge pbeyusuege rbekg


rbekgeg
eg pbeobhihgge h`eocueoge

<. \bekgeg Fgegabfbe dge Cbsbhgfgtge Hghu H`etgs (\FCH)

;. \bekgeg cbrag ]beobhihgge dge ]bfgetguge H`eocueoge (\C]]H)

4. \bekgeg Cbsbhgfgtge dge Cbsbjgtge Cbrag Ciestrucs` (\C;C)

\bekgeg ]beobhihgge ]bcbrag, Tbrfgsuc Hgrgeoge ]beoouegge ]bcbrag D`lgwgj Rfur, dge

2. ]bcbrag ]gcsg sbsug` dbeoge pbrgturge Redgeo-Redgeo @ediebs`g

\bekgeg ]beobhihgge ]bcbrag, tbrfgsuc rbekgeg pbrbcrutge, pbeobhihgge lgsbkgfps, gsurges`

>. pbcbrag, jgc-jgc dge cbwga`lge pbcbrag, scbfg pbrbcrutge,


pbrbcrutge, dge hg`e-hg`e

?. \bekgeg Retuc Fbfpbrihbj ]brsbtuauge/]br`z`ege \bhbvge

:. \bekgeg Fgegabfbe Cbsbhgfgtge dge Cbsbjgtge fgsygrgcgt tbrdgfpgc.


0. Fbcge`sfb ]begeogege

7=. \bekgeg fgegabfbe \bs`ci H`eocueoge dge [is`gh


 

7.4  Cbrgeocg Cbrag Jucuf

Retuc fbhgcucge pbe`hg`ge h`eocueoge dge sis`gh gcge fbeo`cut` ]brgturge ]bfbr`etgj @ediebs`g dge
cbl`agcge Lgec Due`g.
7.2.7 ]brgturge ]bfbr`etgj @ediebs`g

]brgturge lbr`cut fbeagd` dgsgr uetuc cbsbhurujge pbedbcgtge [trgtbo` ]beobhihgge dge
\bekgeg ]bhgcsgegge ([\]\) uetuc fbeobhihg r`s`ci H`eocueoge, [is`gh, Cbsbjgtge dge
Cbsbhgfgtge Cbrag (H[C;) sblgog` lbr`cut 1
Redgeo-uedgeo Eifir ;< Tgjue <==0 Tbetgeo ]brh`edueoge dge ]beobhihgge H`eocueoge J`dup
• ]brgturge ]bfbr`etgj (]]) Ei <? Tgjue <=7< Tbetgeo @z`e
@z` e H`eocueoge J`dup
□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` H`eocueoge J`dup (]brfbe HJ) Ei. 7; Tgjue <=7= tbetgeo
tb etgeo Rpgyg
□ pbeobhihgge H`eocueoge dge Rpgyg ]bfgetguge H`eocueoge (RCH-R]H) dge [urgt
]breygtgge agf`ege ]bhgcsgegge ]beobhihgge dge ]bfgetguge H`eocueoge
H`eoc ueoge J`dup ([]]H)
□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` H`eocueoge J`dup (]brfbe HJ) Ei. =2 Tgjue <=7< tbetgeo Abe`s
Cbo`gtge ygeo d`pbrhucge GFDGH
□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` H`eocueoge J`dup (]brfbe HJ) Ei. 7> Tgjue <=7< tbetgeo

pbdifge ]beyusuege Dicufbe H`eocueoge J`dup

□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` H`eocueoge J`dup (]brfbe HJ) Ei. 7? Tgjue <=7< tbetgeo ]bdifge

]grt`s`pgs` Fgsygrgcgt dghgf ]risbs


]risbs ]be`hg`ge H`ocueoge dge @z`e H`eocueoge

□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` H`eocueoge J`dup (]brfbe HJ) Ei. =: Tgjue <=7; tbetgeo Tgtg Kgrg

]bfbr`csgge dge ]bfbr`csgge Dicufbe H`eocueoge dge @z`e H`eocueoge ygeo

d`cbhugrcge

□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` ]bcbragge Rfuf Ei. 7=/]\T/F/<==: tbetgeo abe`s \bekgeg L`se`s

dge/gtgu Cbo`gtge ygeo lbcbrag dghgf ]bcbragge Rfuf ygeo fbfbrhucge dicufbe

Rpgyg ]beobhihgge H`eocueoge dge Rpgyg ]bfgetguge H`eocueoge (RCH-R]H)

□ ]brgturge ]bfbr`etgj (]]) Ei.> tgjue 7002 tbetgeo ]brh`edueoge Tgegfge Cbputusge

Fbetbr` ]brtge`ge Ei. ::?/Cpts/IT.<7=/0/700? tbetgeo ]beobhihgge Jgfg RR Ei.< Tgjue

<=7< tbetgeo ]beogdgge Rfuf Tgegj

□ ]brgturge ]rbs`dbe Ei.?7 tgjue <=7< tbetgeo ]bflblgsge Hgjge uetuc Cbpbet`eoge Rfuf

□ ]brgturge ]rbs`dbe Eifir 4= Tgjue <=74 tbetgeo ]brulgjge ]brprbs Ei.?7 Tgjue <=7<

tbetgeo ]bflblgsge Hgjge uetuc Cbpbet`eoge Rfuf

➬ Redgeo-Redgeo Eifir ? Tgjue <=7<


< =7< tbetgeo ]begeogege
]begeogege Cienh`c [is`gh 

□ ]brgturge ]rbs`dbe Ei. 2> Tgjue <=7? tbetgeo ]begeogege Dgfpgc [is`gh Fgsygrgcgt

□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` [is`gh Ei. 7= Tgjue <=74 tbetgeo Ciesbh`eo [is`gh


 

□ ]brgturge ]bfbr`etgj Ei. < Tgjue <=72 tbetgeo ]begeogege Ciesnh`c [is`gh

□ Redgeo-Redgeo \bpulh`c @ediebs`g Eifir 2 Tgjue 700= Tbetgeo ciesbrvgs`

[uflbr Dgyg Ghgf dge Bcis`stbf

□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` Dghgf Ebobr` Ei. 2< tgjue <=74 tbetgeo ]bdifge ]beogcuge

dge ]brh`edueoge Fgsygrgcgt Gdgt.

□ Redgeo-Redgeo \bpulh`c @ediebs`g Ei.77 Tgjue <=7= tbetgeo _gr`sge Ludgyg

□ ]brgturge ]rbs`dbe Ei.;? Tgjue <=7= tbetgeo Lbedueoge

□ ]brgturge Fbetbr` ]bcbragge Rfuf dge ]brufgjge Ei.<?/]\T/F/<=72 tbetgeo


 

EI ARDRH [GNBORG\D CBO@GTGE PGEO D@HGCRCGE

I] fgsygrgcgt lgjwg pbe`hg`ge d`hgcucge tbrjgdgp cbfueoc`ege dgfpgc


sis`gh dgr` priybc, tbrutgfg cgrbeg fbfbrhucge pbrihbjge tgegj, rbhicgs`
irgeo, cbj`hgeoge gsbt priduct`n gtgu gcsbs tbrjgdg hgygege, lg`c sbhgfg
tgjgp ciestrucs` dge ipbrgs`iegh dgr` cbo`gtg priybc. Cbl`agcge `e`
d`fgcsudcge uetuc fbfgst`cge lgjwg cbo`gtge pbfuc`fge cbflgh` jgrus
d`pgjgf` dge d`aghgecge sblgog` priorgf pbflgeouege lbrcbhgeautge,
fbeybd`gcge suflbr `evbstgs` ygeo fbfgdg` uetuc fbfueoc`ecge irgeo-
irgeo
ygeo tbrcbeg
t brcbeg dgfpg
dgfpgcc uetuc fbed
fbedgpgtcge
gpgtcge cbuetueoge priybc,
fbfgst`cge lgjwg irgeo-irgeo ygeo tbrcbeg dgfpgc d`lbr` ciesuhtgs`
ygeo lbrgrt` dge d`sbd`gcge, a`cg
    < ]bf`edgjge/pbfuc`fge Cbflgh` fbfueoc`ecge, cbsbfpgtge uetuc
    7
 .
    4 [bkgrg ]gcsg lbrpgrt`s`pgs` dghgf pbrbekgegge dge pbhgcsgegge cbo`gtge pbfuc`fge
    ]
    L
    /
cbflgh` dge priybc. Tuauge dgsgreyg gdghgj uetuc fbfgst`cge lgjwg
    ] irgeo-irgeo ygeo tbrcbeg dgfpgc d`lbr` sgrg dge suflbr dgyg uetuc
    I
fbfpbrlg`c` pbeoj`dupge dge stgedgr j`dup fbrbcg, gtgu sbt`dgceyg
fbeobflgh`cgeeyg sbkgrg r``h, cb t`eocgt prg-priybc.

Retuc fbeagf`e
fbeagf`e ccugh`tgs
ugh`tgs ddge
ge cbgfgege dgh dghgf
gf pbrgekg
pbrgekgeoge
eoge dg
    ?
pbflgeouegee lbedueoge lgru
pbflgeoueg lgru dge rbjgl`
rbjgl`h`tgs`
h`tgs` lbedueoge ygeo
ygeo gdg, dg
    ;
 .
    4 Cbgfgege lbedueoge dghgf fbhgcsgegcg
fbhgcsgegcgee cbo`gtge yge
ygeoo fueoc`e tbrtbrcbeg
cbeg dgfpgc llbedueog
bedueog
    ] ygeo gdg.
    L
    /
    ]
    I

LGL @@ ]B\BEKGEGGE

<.7 \BEKGEG FGEGABFBE DGE CB[BHGFGTGE


CB[ BHGFGTGE HGHR H@ETG[ (\FCH)
(\FCH)  

]bcbragge `e` fbh`put` pbeybd`gge pbhbeocgpge sbcgh`ous pbhggygege pbeobedgh`ge hghu h`etgs
pgdg sggt cbo`gtge priybc
priybc.. Jgh `e` uetuc fbh`edueo` pgrg pbcbrag fgupue pbeooueg aghge ygeo
fbh`etgs fbh
fbhghu
ghu`` dgbrgj ciestrucs`.Cbo`
ciestrucs`.Cbo`gtge
gtge `e` d`hgcucge sbfbeagc fuhg` tgjgp fil`h`sgs`,
pbrghgtge, lgjge, dge tb
tbegog.
egog.  
<.7.7  ]beobedgh`ge Hghu H`etgs 
H`etgs 
[bfug pbcbrag jgrus f`e`fgh lbrufur 7: tgjue dge fbhbeocgp` d`r` dbeoge lgau rbnhbct`n
dge Ghgt ]bh`edueo D`r` (G]D) sbsug` cblutujge. Dbf`c`ge auog l`hgfgeg pbcbragge
d`hgcucge pgdg fghgf jgr`. Cietrgctir jgrus fbey`gpcge hgfpu pbe
pbebrgeo
brgeo dge
pbeobedgh`ge cbsbhgfgtge hghu h`etgs s`stbf rbnhbcs`n ygeo gfge lgo` pbeooueg aghge.
aghge.  
<.7.<  ]beobedgh`ge ]gdg QiegQieg Cbrag
Cbrag  
]bcbragge `e` fbh`put` sbfug hicgs
hicgs`` ygeo lbrjulueoge hgeosueo fgupue t`dgc hgeosueo
dbeoge gct`v`tgs priybc tbrfgsuc aghur fil`h`sgs`, hicgs` pbeogfl`hge fgtbr`gh gtgu qugrry,
dge priducs` lbtie. [bdgeocge uetuc pbrhbeocgpgeeyg, d`lutujcge sbpbrt` hgfpu s`eygh
lbrcbd`p, systbf rbnhbct`n, rgflu sbo`t`og dge pbrhbeocgpge hg`e ygeo d`pbrhucge sbhgfg
prisbs fil`h`sgs` d`hgcucge. ]bfgsgeoge rgflu-rgflu sblgog` pbr`eogtge lgo` pbeooueg
 

 aghge gogr lbrjgt`-jgt` sggt fbh`etgs dgbrgj cbrag


cbrag..

<.7.;  Lgjge dge ]brhbeogcgpge 


]brhbeogcgpge  
7. \gflu ]gegj Lbrcbd`p

\gflu `e` d`pgsgeo pgdg hicgs` zieg cbrag fgupue dgbrgj


cbrag, ygeo lbrnueos` lg`c sblgog` pbflbr`tgjuge uetuc
pbeogh`ge aghge fgupue pbr`eogtge, pgdg t`t`c-t`t`c hic
hicgs`
gs` ygeo
d`geoogp rgwge cbkbhgcgge.

<. \gflu [ugr ]irtglhb


\gflu `e` d` hbtgcge pgdg uaueo t`gp sbofbe pgdg gwg gwghh dge
gcj`r hicgs` pbcbragge, dge lbnueos` uetuc pbr`eogtge lgo` pgrg
pbeooueg aghge uetuc supgyg lbrjgt`  ‛  jgt` sggt fbfgsuc`
dgbrgj cbrag.

;. \gflu ]br`eogtge Ciestrucs`


\gflu `e`
`e` d`rgekgeo lg`c
lg`c sbkgrg tbtgp fgupue pirt glh glhbb gtgu
dgpgt d`pedgj-p`edgj pgdg sbt`gp sbofbe ygeo fbflutujcge
pbegedg hghu h`etgs. \gflu-rgflu `e` auog lbrnueos` sblgog`
pbflbr`tgju cbpgdg
cbpgdg pbeooueg aghge agh ge sbrtg d`lug
d`lugtt gogr bnbct`n 
dge bn`s`be dghgf nueos`e yg sblgog` pbr`eogtge cbpgdg
pbeooueg aghge
aghge uetuc lbrj
lbrjgt`
gt`-- jgt`

4. \gflu ]beogh`jge
\gflu `e` jgrus tbrh`jgt pgdg agrgc 72= f sblbhuf fbfgsuc`
dgbrgj ciestrucs` gtgu sblbhuf dgbrgj ygeo d`geoogp rgwge
cbkbhgcgge. Retuc aghur aghge ygeo pgdgt gcge fbegflgj
tbegog lgetu cjusus sblgog` pbe pbeogr
ogrgj
gj hghu h`etgs, dgpgt

d`ouegcge dgr` gpgrgt cbpih`s`ge hghu h`etgs fgupue sbkur`ty dgr`


pbeybd`g agsg. \gflu pbeogh`
pbeo gh`jge
jge aghge lbrs`ng
lbrs`ngtt tbtgp pgdg t`t`c-
t`t`c aghur pbeogh`jge sbhgfg pbcbragge lbrhgeosueo.

2. \gflu ]begedg
D`ouegcge uetuc pbr`eogtge agrgc aguj ygeo fgfpu
fbflbr`cge pbr`eogtge cbpgdg pbeooueg aghge sbkgrg sbc`hgs
tgepg fbeoogeoou gct`v`tgs fbeobfud`. \gflu `e` lbrnueos`
sblgog` `et`f`dgs` cbpgdg pgrg pbeooueg aghge
agh ge dge geocutge
priybc gogr wgspgdg dge lbrjgt`-jgt` sggt fbhbwgt` dgbrgj
tbrsblut.

>. ]beojghgeo Hghu H`etgs


]beojghgeo hghu h`etgs
h`etgs gtgu lgr`c
lgr`cgdb
gdb dd`lugt
`lugt ddbeoge
beoge lgjge
lgjg e pvk
ygeo d`hgp`s`
d`hgp`s` dbeoge kgt wgreg fbrgj dge put`j put` j sblgog`
s`flih pbrh`edueoge grbg cbrag fgupue sblgog` pbflgo` aghur 
 aghge. Lgr`cgdb d`ouegcge
d` ouegcge uetuc fbf gedu ge du hghu h`etgs gogr t`dgc
 

g. Hgrgeoge ]beoouegge ]bcbrag


]bcbrag D`lgwgj Rfur dge/gtg
dge/gtgu
u pbcbrag pgcsg
Lbrdgsgrcge pgsgh >: dge pgsgh >0 RR Ei. 7; Tgjue <==; Tbetgeo Cbtbegogcbragge (RCC),
pgdg pr`es`peyg pbeousgjg (]bflbr` Cbrag) d`hgrgeo fbfpbcbragcge gegc. Egfue
pbeobkugh`ge - pbeobkugh`ge tbrtbetu uetuc fbfpbcbragcge gegc, ygce`1
7. Retuc gegc ygeo lbrufur getgrg 7; s/d 72 tgjue jgeyg dgpgt d`pbcbragcge uetuc

pbcbragge r`eoge sbpgeageo t`dgc fbeoogeoou pbrcbflgeoge cbsbjgtge, n`s`c, dge


fbetgh sbrtg julueoge sis`gh (s` gegc). Retuc fbfpbcbragcge gegc pgdg pbcbragge
Sbcbragge ygeo r`eoge
r`eoge tbrsb
tbrsblut,
lut, jgrus fbf
fbfbeu
beuj`
j` lblbrgpg sygrgt, sb
sblbog`
lbog` llbr`cut
br`cut 1
7)  Gdg `z`e tbrtuh`s dgr` irgeo tug/wgh`eyg

<) D`lugt pbragea`ge cbrag getgrg pbflbr`


pbflbr` ccbrag
brag dbeoge irgeo tug/wgh` s` gegc, sbj`eoog
 abhgs julueoge cbrageyg
cbrageyg
;) _gctu cbrageyg fgcs`fgh ; agf pbrjgr`
4) Jgeyg lihbj d`cbragcge pgdg s`geo jgr`
jgr` sbpgeageo t`dgc fbeoogeoou wgctu sbci
sbcihgj
hgj
2) Jgrus d`agog cbsbhgfgtge dge cbsbjgtge cbrageyg
cbrageyg (C;)
(C ;)
>) Rpgjeygg d`lgygr sbsug` dbeoge cbtbetuge ygeo lbrhgcu
Rpgjey

<. Retuc gegc ygeo lbrufur getgrg 72 s


s/d
/d 7: tgjue sudgj dgpgt d`pbcbragcge sbkgrg
eirfgh/ufuf gcge tbtgp` t`dgc lihbj d`bcsphi`tgs` uetuc lbcbrag pgdg pbcbragge-pbcbragge
ygeo fbflgjgygcge (Tjb
(Tjb _irst Nirf) lg`c gekgfge/lgjgyg lgo` cbsbjgtge fgupue
cbsbhgfgtge, lgjcge firgh s` gegc. ]gdg us`g `e` gegc sudgj d`geoogp kgcgp
(Lbcwggf) uetuc Fbhgcucge julueoge cbrag tgepg cugsg/wgh` (]gsgh < Gygt ;
Cbpfbegcbrtrges Ei Cbp-<;2/Fbe/<==; dge Cievbes` @HI Ei.7;: sbrtg Cievbes` @HI
Ei. 7:<)
<.4  \BEKGEG ]BEOBHIHGGE ]BCB\AG 
]brbcrutge tbegog cbrag gdghgj sugtu prisbs fbekgr` tbegog cbrag dbeoge fbedirieo sbrtg
fbflbr`cge sugtu pbeojgrogge uetuc fbhgfgr pbcbragge pgdg pbrusgjgge. ]brbcrutge `e`
d`hgcucge dbeoge fbf`h`j tbegog cbrag ygeo tbhgj lbrpbeoghgf dge tbrgfp`h d` l`dgeoeyg. 
l`dgeoeyg.  
7. ]brbcrutge

g. ]bragea`ge Cbrag
[bpbrt` d`gtur ihbj uedgeo-uedgeo cbtbegogcbragge, yg`tu lgl 7 pgdg pgsgh dbn`e`s`
ufuf ei.74. ]bragea`ge cbrag gdghgj pbragea`ge ygeo d`lugt getgrg pbcbrag/cgrygwge dge
pbeousgjg gtgu fga`cge. ]bragea`ge ygeo d`lu d`lugt
gt getgrg pbcbrag/cgrygwge dge
pbeousgjg gtgu fga`cge. ]bragea`ge tbrsblut lbr`s` pbrsygrgtge cbrag, jgc dge cbwga`lge
dgr` cbdug lbhgj p`jgc. ]bragea`ge cbrag t`dgc d`lugt dbeoge lgtgs wgctu, cbkugh` abe`s
pbcbragge ygeo tbrcg`t gdghgj sbfbetgrg/fus`fge. A`cg pbragea`ge lbrhgcu uetuc wgctu

tbrtbetu, durgs`
d`pbrpgeageo t`dgc dgpgt
sblgeygc hbl`juetuc
sgtu cgh`, dgr`pbr
<`idb
tgjue.
pbr`idb ]bragea`ge
t`dgc hbl`j abe`s
dgr` 7 tgjue. `e` jgeyg dgpgt
 

l. Fgsg ]brkilgge
Fgsg ]brkilgge d`hgcucge t`dgc lihbj hbl`j dgr` ; luhge, oueg fbeogegh`sg dge
fbeobvghugs` jgs`h c`ebrag tbegog cbrag.
k. Agf Cbrag
]gdg ufufeyg,agf cbrag d` @ediebs`g gdghgj sblgog` lbr`cut 1 4= agf/f`eoou, `e` lbrgrt` ?
 agf/jgr` sbhgfg
sbh gfg > jgr` dghgf sbf`e
sbf`eoou,
oou, gtgu : agf/jgr` sbhgfg 2 jgr` sbf`eoou.
d. Hbflur 
Hbflur fgcs`fgh sbhgfg ; agf sbjgr` gtgu 74 agf dghgf sbf`eoou, hbflur jgrus
d`hgcucge dbeoge pbrsbtuauge dgr` cgrygwge. Fgcg dgr` `tu, cgrygwge fbf`h`c` jgc uetuc
fbebr`fg upgj hbflur, dge cgrygwge ygeo lbcbrag sbhgfg jgr` h`lur auog jgrus fbebr`fg
upgj hbflur.
b. Rpgj F`e`fuf
Rpgj f`e`fuf tbrogetueo pgdg t`gp-t`gp dgbrgj (citg gtgu priv`es`). ]brusgjgge jgrus fbfgtuj` stgedgr 
upgj f`e`fuf ygeo lbrhgcu. ]brusgjgge t`dgc lbrcbwga`lge uetuc fbflgygr a`cg pgdg jgr` tbrtbetu
cgrygwge t`dgc dgpgt lbcbrag.
<. ]beobhihgge Lgsbkgfps
]bflugtg e agdwgh lbrcghg uetuc cblbrs`jge dge cbrgp`ge lgsbkgfp fbeagd` tgeooueo agwgl
]bflugtge
pbeybd`
pbe ybd`gg agsg. Fbhgcucge pbeobkbcge lg
lg`c
`c cied`s` fgupue pbrghgtge ygeo gdg pgdg hicgs hicgs`.`.
Fbhghu` pbh gp
gpir
irge
ge dge pbfgetguge cied`s` hbwgt hbflgr fie`tir`eo jgr`ge sblgog` luct` uetuc
fie`tir`eo cbhbeocgpge dge pbrghgtge ygeo gdg pgdg Lgsbkgfp sbrtg cied`s`eyg.
;. Gsurges` ]bcbrag, Jgc-jgc dge Cbwga`lge
Fbedgpgtcge Agf`ege Cbkbhgcgge cbrag (ACC) dge Agf`ege Cbfgt`ge (ACF) ygeo
d`tgeooueo ihbj cietrgctir dge lbsgreyg d`tbtgpcge lbrdgsgrcge e`hg` cietrgc
cietrgc ygeo
d`pbrouegcge sblgog`
sblgog` dgsgr
dgsg r ]brj`tueoge `urge
`urge tbrfgsuc ]gagc ]brtgflgjge E`hg`
(]]E) sblbsgr 7=%. Jgc pbcbrag dghgf fbhgcucge pbcbragge, fbrbcg lbrjgc
fbedgpgt ghgt pbrh`edueoge d`r` sbsug`
sbsug` dbeoge hicgs` dge rbs`ci dgr` pbcbragge
ygeo gcge fbrbcg hgcucge. Ngs`h`tgs cbsbjgtge ygeo
ygeo lbrgdg d` hicgs`
hicgs` dge rbs`ci dgr`
pbcbragge ygej gcge fbrbcg hgcucge. Ngs`h`tgs cbsbjgtge
cbsbj gtge ygeo lbrgdg d` hicgs`
pbcbragge sbrtg ch`e`c cbsbjgtge ygeo lbrtuogs uetuc fbflbr`cge pbrtihieoge
pbrtgfg
pbrtgf g pgdg cbkbhgcgge sbrtg j`flgu
j`f lguge
ge uetuc lbcbrag sbkgrg jgt`-jgt` lg`c dgr`
fbtidb pbcbragge dge pbeoouegge ghgt. [bdgeocge cbwga`l
cbwg a`lge
ge tbegog cbrag yg`tu
yg`tu
wga`l dge pgtuj pgdg pbrgturge pbrusgjgge dbeoge fbeoouegcge ghgt pbh`edueo d`r`
sbt`gp Fbhgcucge pbcbragge. Fbeoouegcge pbrghgtge
pbrghgtge sbsug`
sbsug` nueos`eyg dge
fbfgtuj`
fbfgtu j` rgflu-r
rgfl u-rgflu
gflu ygeo
ygeo tbrtbrg d`hicgs`
d`hicgs` pbcbragge.
pbcbragge.

<.2 \BEKGEG RETRC FBF]B\IHBJ ]B\[BTRARGE/]B\@Q@EGE  


Fbhgcucge pbr`z`ege cbpgdg cbpghg dbsg uetuc `z`e gcsb
gcsbss cb hicg
hicgs`
s` sbrtg pbeoouegge aghge
gpgl`hg d`ouegcge sblgog` aghge gcsbs dbeoge cbtbetuge dge pbrsygrgtge jgrus fbeagog dge
fbeobflgh`cgee cb cied`s` sbfuhg gpgl`hg aghge dbsg d`ouegcgeg sblgog` aghge gcsbs. [bdgeocge
fbeobflgh`cg
uetuc Lirriw ]`t fbe
fbeog
ogauc
aucge
ge `a`e hicg
hicgs`
s` ygeo gcge d`agd`cge lirriw p`t, gpgl`hg lirriw p`t
fbrupgcge gssbt dgr` pbfbr`etgj fgcg pbr`z`ege fbhghu` d`rbcs`.

<.> \BEKGEG FGEGABFBE CB[BHGFGTGE DGE


DGE CB[BJGTGE FG[PG\GCGT TB\DGF]GC 
FG[PG\GCGT
7. [trgtbo` ]bedbcgtge
]bedbcgtge dge [is`gh`sgs` dbeoge Fg
Fgsygrgcgt
sygrgcgt Tbrdgfpgc
Fbflbr`cge ]beyuhujge dge sis`gh`sgs` tbetgeo pbcbragge ygeo gcge d`cbragcge sbrtg fbtidb
pbcbragge ygeo gcge d`cbragcge. Fbflbr`cge ogflgrge fbeobeg` cbfueoc`ege dgfpgc
pbcbragge ygeo gcge d`cbragcge. Fbflbr`cge ogflgrge fbeobeg` cbfueoc`ege dgfpgc ygeo
 

tbragd` lg`c pbrsiegh fgupue cbhifpic. Fbhgcucge t`edgcge pbekbogjge sbrtg pbegeogege
uetuc fbf`e`fgh`s`r dgfpgc ygeo tbragd`
tbragd`  
<. ]beyuhujge Fbeobeg`
Fbeobeg` J@^/G@D[ dge ]beygc`t [bcsu
[bcsugh
gh Fbeuhgr 
Fbflbr`cge grgjge dge pbrgturge uetuc tbegog cbrag gogr pgtuj dge tggt pgdg pbrgturge
pbru
pb rusg
sgjgg
jgg e sbhgfg fgsg pbcbragge ciestrucs` lbrhgeosueo. ]bflbr`ge sgecs` cbpgdg tgegog
cbrag ygeo fbh
fbhgeo
geoogr
ogr sbrtg fbh`fpgjcge pgdg jucuf ygeo lbrhgc. Fbflbr`cge grgjge cbpgdg
fgsygrgcgt uetuc sgh`eo
sgh`eo fbe
fbeago
agogg dge fbfgtuj` jucuf gdgt sbtbfpgt fgupue jucuf ygeo
lbrhgcu.
;. ]bekbogjge Cbcbrgsge Lbrlgs`s Obedbr (Obedbr
( Obedbr Lgsbd ^`ihbekb/OL^ )
Fbflbr`cge pbrh`edueoge
pbrh`edu eoge cbpgdg tbegog cbrag wge`tg ygeo ``cut
cut lbcbrag dbeoge fbflbr`cge
pbrh`edueoge dge pirs` cbrag sbsug` dbeoge cbfgfpugeeyg. Agf`ege cbsbhgfgtge sbrtg
pbrhgcuge ygeo sbtgrg tgepg fbflbdgcge \gs fgupue Obedbr. [brtg t`dgc fbflbdgcge rgs
fgupue obedbr pgdg fgsygcgrgt sbc`t
sbc`tgr
gr ygeo `eo`e `cut sbrtg dg
dghgf
hgf pbhgcsgegge pbcbragge
dbeoge cbtbetuge cbfgfpuge ygeo lbrhgcu.
4. Cbcbrgsge Tbrjgdgp Gegc (^`ihbekb Gog`est Kj`hdrbe/^GK
Kj`hdrbe/^GK))
]beoouegge tbegog cbrag d`lgwgj ufur dbeoge sygrgt pbr`z`ege irgeo tug/wgh` sbrtg
pbrsygrgtge sbsug` dbeoge uedgeo-uedgeo ygeo lbrhgcu sblgog` lbetuc pgrt`s`pgs` dghgf
pbfgauge pbflgeouege d` w`hgygj pbcbragge ygeo tbrdgfpgc. Fbflbr`cge grgjge sbrtg
pbrh`edueoge tbrjgdgp gegc dbeoge t`dgc fbhgcucge bcsphi`tgs ygeo lbrtbetgeoge dbeoge
uedgeo-uedgeo.
2. Dbrfgrcgs` Hicgs` dge Gcsbs _grog ygeo fbf`h`c` r`s`ci Cbsbjgtge dge Cbsbhgfgtge
Fbhgcucge pbekbogjge dge pbegeogege uetuc hicgs` aghge gcsbs ygeo fbf`h`c` dgfpgc pihus`
sbrtg dgpgt fbeoogeoou cbsbjgtge fgsygrgcgt. ]begeogege dbeoge Fbhgcucge pbflgsgjge
dge pbflbrs`jge
pbflbrs`j ge ag
aghge
hge gcsb
gcsbss sbtbhgj agf cbrag ssbhbsg
bhbsg`,`, dbeoge tuauge uetu
uetucc fbeourgeo` dgfpgc
pihus` dge fbf
fbflbrlbrs`j
s`jcge
cge ttufpucge
ufpucge s`s
s`sgg fgtbr`gh ygeo lbrsbrgcge d` aghge.
>. Fgegabfbe ]ihus` dge dge H`flgj
Retuc lgjge h`flgj s`sg pbcbragge ygeo t`dgc dgpgt d`ouegcge dge fueoc`e dgpgt
fbe`fluhcge h`f
h`flgj
lgj lgo` h`eocueoge sbc
sbc`tgr,
`tgr, d`hgcucge pbeoufpuh
pbeoufpuhge
ge dge pbf`edgjge ihbj
pbeybd`g agsg cb hicgs` ygeo tbhgj d`tbetucge ihbj d`rbcs`. [brtg h`flgj ygeo c`rgeyg dgpgt
fbeoogeoou dge fbfbrhucge pbrhgcuge cjusus d`hgcucge dbeoge grgjge dge pbrsbtuauge dgr`
d`rbcs`.
<.?  FBCGE@[FB ]BEGEOGEGE CBHRJ LGO@ ]BCB\AG CIE[T\RC[@ DGE FG[PGCG\GT PGEO
TB\DGF]GC 
g. Hgeocgj Fbcge`sfb ]begeogege

 Gdgpue tgjgpge ygeo gcge d`hgcsgegcge uetuc pbegeogege pgdg fgsygrgcgt tbrdgfpgc sblgog`
lbr`cut1
 

g. Jgc Fgsygrgcgt Tbrdgfpgc

Fbeogaucge pbfblbegjge uetuc gsbt ygeo tbrdgfpgc sggt pbhgcsgegge pbcbragge. ]bflbr`ge
sgetueg
sget uegee cbpgdg fgsygrgcgt tbrdgfpgc dbeoge kgrg ebois`gs` dge sbs sbsug`
ug` dbeoge gdgt
sbtbfpgt fgupue juc
jucuf
uf ygeo lbrhgc
lbrhgcuu ssbsug`
bsug` lbsgrge ygeo tbrdgfpgc cbpgdg fgsygrgcgt gtgu
oihieoge.

<.:  \BEKGEG FGEGABFBE


FGEGABFBE \B[@CI H@EOC
H@EOCREOGE
REOGE DG
DGE
E [I[@GH PGEO FREOC@E T@FLRH GC@LGT
GC@LGT ]BHGC[GEGGE ] BCB\AGGE

LGL @@@ FIE@TI\@EO DGE B^GHRG[@

]beybhbeoogrgge ]bflgeouege Lgeouege ]beobedgh` [bd`fbe DG[ F`hgeoidgg F`hgeoidgg Lihfieo


[bhgtge)   gcge d`pgetgu dge d`bvghugs` sbkgrg lbrcghg dghgf ]bebrgpge [trgtbo` ]beobhihgge
dge \bekgeg ]bhgcsgegge ([]\]). [tgtus dge dgfpgc cbpgdg h`eocueoge fgupue sis`gh jgrus
tbrkgcup dghgf hgpirge sbj`eoog dgpgt tbrfie`tir dbeoge lg`c. Fie`tir`eo dge Bvghugs` gcge
tbrpusgt ihbj `ed`cgtir-`ed`cgtir utgfg ygeo d`r`ek`cge dghgf dicufbe hbhgeo dge pbrsbtuauge
dgr` d`rbcs`. 
d`rbcs`. 

7. ]bfgetguge
]bfgetguge C`ebrag
C`ebrag
]brtbfuge-pbrtbfuge pulh`c dbeoge fgsygrgcgt sbc`tgr priybc ygeo tbrdgfpgc dge tbhgj
d`t`edgchge
d`t`edgchgeaut`
aut` lg`c sbkgrg `evbetgr`sgs`
`evbetgr`sgs` hicgs`
hicgs` tbrdgfpgc fgupue gssbt ygeo tbrdgfpgc fgupue
dgfpgc ygeo lbr`flgs pgdg sis`gh
sis` gh fgsygrgcgt, lg`c
lg`c sbkgrg cbsbjgtge fgupue firgh. 
firgh. 

<. ]bfgetguge
]bfgetguge Dgfpgc
Dgfpgc
]bfgetguge d`fgcsudcge uetuc fbflbr`cge pbe`hg`ge ilybct`n pgdg dgfpgc ygeo tbragd` sbrtg
cbsbsug`ge pbegeogege dgfpgc ygeo tbragd`. 
tbragd`.  

;. Gud`t
Gud`t ]beybhbsg`ge
]beybhbsg`ge
T`dgc jgeyg fbrbcge pbekgpg`ge gcj`r, gcge tbtgp` auog fbegr`c pbfgetguge dgfpgc uetuc
fbebetucge gpgcgj sudgj fbebcge gtgu fbeoj`hgeocge dgfpgc ygeo tbrgsg pgdg fgsygrgcgt
sbc`tgr priybc. 
priybc. 

Tgeobrgeo, 72 Nblrugr` <=<7


]T F \@ED RT F C \P
[RLR\

  jfgd [ygfs`r r`bn


D`rbctur Rtgfg