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*Sacred Vessels:

CORPORAL- a sacred cloth of white linen around twenty inches square upon which
the chalice, paten and ciboria are placed during Mass. Used
to hold the chalice, ciborium, paten and Sacramentary book when they are placed in
PALL- a square of linen, stiffened with starch, cardboard, or plastic, set on the
chalice to prevent dirt or insects from falling into it.
PATEN- is the plate on which the bread (big Host) used by the Presider is placed and
consecrated during the Mass.
PURIFICATOR- a small piece of white absorbent linen, approximately eight by
sixteen inches, folded in three lengthwise, and marked with a cross in the center,
employed during the Mass.
CHALICE- is a cup used to hold the Precious Blood of the Lord at the Mass.
CIBORIUM- is really a paten in the form of a chalice with a lid because the Sacred
Body of our Lord is placed in it. It is used also to contain the Hosts reserved in the
CRUETS- are the vessels to hold the wine (Blood of our Lord) and water ate the
PITCHER AND BASIN- are used to hold and catch the water for the washing of the
hands of the Presider after the Offertory and Communion. They are always paired
with a towel.
FINGER TOWEL- small white linen used for purifying the hands of the Presider.
COMMUNION PLATE- is used during communion, on which is used to catch the
small pieces of Host crumbs.
BELL- known as the “Sanctus Bell” is rung by a server at Mass, at two elevations and
as a warming before the consecration. It has practical use, to draw attention to the
most sacred moments of the Liturgy.
SACRAMENTARY BOOK- the book of presidential prayers for the Officiate of the
Eucharist and for any rites connected with the Mass.
LECTIONARY BOOK- the liturgical book that holds the spiritual readings used during
the Liturgy of the Word in the Mass. This is usually placed at the “ambo” or lectern.
SACRAMENTARY STAND- is placed on the altar at the preparation of gifts. It takes
various forms, a metal or wooden book-rest or a cushion.
THURIBLE- is a metal bowl hanging by three chains (usually) from a disc. It is used
for incensing the Blessed Sacrament and the different Blessed statues that seen on
the church.
INCENSEBOAT- is shaped like a boat, with a hinged lid and a matching spoon. From
the boat the grains of incense are spooned onto the burning coals in the Thurible.
CREDENCE TABLE- is a movable table to the side of the altar covered with white
cloth, upon which are placed the things needed for sacred functions, particularly the
Mass, such as the chalice, cruets, basin, and finger towel.
PROCESSIONAL CROSS- is a large crucifix, set on a long staff, to be carried in
procession, and perhaps used as the altar cross at Mass.
PROCESSIONAL CANDLE- is two tall candlesticks carried in procession by two
MONSTRANCE- is a larger vessel, really a stand to display the Host at exposition of
the Blessed Sacrament.
LUNETTE- is the gift clip which holds Host when exposed in the Monstrance.
PYX- is the round container which holds the Host and Lunette in the Tabernacle. A
smaller pyx, like an old-fashioned watch case, is used to take the Eucharist to the
ASPERGILLUM- is also known as the “bucket” and the sprinkler as an “aspergil”.
Used for blessing ceremonies.
*Sacred Vestments:
ALB- is a white garment reaching to the ankles. It is derived from the ancient Roman
tunic and is a sign of purity. The word “alb” comes from the Latin word for “white”.
STOLE- is a distinctive sign of those who have received Holy Orders as they carry out
the ministry in sacrament and worship.
CHASUBLE- is the major Eucharistic vestment, worn over the stole and the alb. It is
the color of the season or day.
DALMATIC- is worn by the deacon. It resembles a large coat, of the color of the
season or day. It is worn over the stole and the alb.
COPE- is a large semi-circular cloak, held at the front by a clasp or band of fabric. It
is used for solemn celebrations of the sacraments and for Benediction of the Blessed
HUMERAL VEIL- is a large white shawl, worn around the shoulders while carrying
the Blessed Sacrament in procession and white giving the Eucharistic blessing at the
MITRE- is a double-pointed head-dress, with two lappets hanging at the back. It has
been used by bishops since the 12th century.
CROZIER- is a staff, usually with a shepherd's crook at the top, is a sign of his
pastoral office the Bishop carries it to remind us that he is the pastor and guardian of
God’s people.
PECTORAL CROSS- is the bishop’s necklace. It is worn under the chasuble and the
dalmatic, under the cope but above the Mozeta.
CINCTURE- is a liturgical vestment, worn encircling the body around or above the

*Liturgical Seasons:

Ordinary Time - (33-34 weeks)

Christ the King
Advent Season - (4 weeks)
Christmas Season - Birth of Jesus – (Dec. 25)
Holy Family
Baptism of Jesus
Ordinary Time
Lenten Season – Ash Wednesday
Last Supper
Death of Jesus
Easter Season – Resurrection
Pentecost – (50 days after lent)

*Parts of the Mass:


-Entrance Song -Preparation of
the Gifts
-Veneration of the Altar -Eucharistic
-Penitential Rite -Communion Rite
-Opening Prayer
-First Reading -Final Blessing
-Responsorial Psalm -Dismissal
-Second Reading
-Profession of Faith
-Prayer of the Faithful
*Liturgical Colors:

Green - is the color of plant life, abundant in spring. It is used to represent the
triumph of life over death. Green is the liturgical color for the Trinity season in some
traditions, and may be used during Epiphany in others.
Violet- is the color for penitence and mourning. It is also the color of royalty. Purple
is the liturgical color for the seasons of Advent and Lent.
Red - is the color of blood, and so is used in the church as the liturgical color for the
commemoration of martyred saints. As the color of fire, red is used as the liturgical
color for Pentecost. White - has, since before biblical times, been
recognized as a symbol of purity, innocence and holiness. It is the liturgical color for
the Christmas and Easter seasons. White is sometimes represented by silver.
Blue - the color of the sky is symbolic of heaven. It may also be used to symbolize
truth. Blue is gaining acceptance as a liturgical color for Advent.

*Parts of the SANCTUARY:

Sanctuary – the highest place at the front of the Church within, which most of the
action of the Liturgy of the Eucharist takes place.
Tabernacle – is a small box, usually especially decorated, in which the Eucharist is
kept when Mass is not being stared.
Paschal Candle – a large candle which is placed in the Sanctuary. It is used during
the Baptism and Funerals.
Lectern – the place from which the readings are done, the gospel is proclaimed and
the homily is given. Altar – the large, high table, usually located in the middle of the
Sanctuary where most of the action of the Liturgy of the Eucharist takes place.
Altar Candles – they are lit to signal that Mass was started.
Altar Cloth – a long white linen cloth draped over the altar ends as a symbol of the
upcoming meal and also the cloth wrapped around the body of Jesus when he was
buried. Sacristy – a sacred place where the
sacred vessels, linens, book and vestments are located.
Crucifix – a fix cross in the center of the Sanctuary, which also symbolizes our Lord’s
Passion. Vigil Lamp - it signify the presence of the Blessed Sacrament.
Sacrarium – a basin or sink, with a separate drain pipe directly to the earth for the
disposal of water used for Sacred Purpose, as when washing/ altar linens.
Presider’s Chair – is a sign of the priest’s role of presiding over the assembly during
the Liturgy of the Word and the Concluding Rite of the Mass.

4 Basic Prayers:

Apostles' Creed

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus
Christ, his only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and
born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was
buried. He descended to the dead. On the third day He rose again. He ascended into
heaven, and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again to judge the
living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Catholic Church, the
communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the
life everlasting. Amen.

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name; thy kingdom come; thy will be
done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our
trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into
temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

Hail Mary

Hail Mary, full of grace! The Lord is with you; blessed are you among women, and
blessed is the fruit of your womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us
sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Glory Be

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, as it was in the
beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Other Prayers:
Hail, Holy Queen

Hail, holy Queen, Mother of mercy, our life, our sweetness and our hope! To you we
cry, poor banished children of Eve. To you we send up our sighs, mourning and
weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious advocate, your eyes of
mercy toward us, and after this our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of your
womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary!

O God

O God, whose only-begotten Son, by His life, death, and resurrection, has purchased
for us the rewards of eternal life; grant, we beseech Thee, that meditating upon
these mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may imitate
what they contain, and obtain what they promise, through the same Christ Our Lord.

O My Jesus

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell and lead all souls to
Heaven, especially those who are most in need of Thy mercy.