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I see & I forget, I

hear & I
remember, I do &
I understand." Presented by: Ashutosh
 Confucius Mishra
Concept of
Learning
The Learning Process
Capability Framework
How the organizations value
learning ?
Behavioristic theory

Ivan Pavlov – a Russian pioneer & John B. Watson of


USA attributed learning to the association between
stimulus & response.

Classical Conditioning : Pavlov’s experiment using


dogs with meat powder & bell.
This experiment was a major breakthrough that had a
lasting impact on understanding of learning. However
Skinner says, ”behaviour is a function of
consequences not the classical conditioning eliciting
stimuli”.
Operant Conditioning : It is concerned primarily
with learning that occurs as a consequence of
behaviour.
Concept Learning

Concepts are categories of stimuli that


have certain features in common.

The shapes on the left are all members


of a conceptual category: rectangle.
Their common features are (1) 4 lines;
(2) opposite lines parallel; (3) lines
connected at ends; (4) lines form 4
right angles.
The fact that they are different colors
and sizes and have different
orientations is irrelevant. Colour, size,
and orientation are not defining
features of the concept.
Learning
Curve
In mathematics, a curve consists
of the points through which a
continuously moving point
passes.
The "learning curve" was first described by the 19th Century
German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus according to the
difficulty of memorizing varying numbers of verbal stimuli.

The learning curve effect states that the more times a task
has been performed, the less time will be required on each
subsequent iteration. This relationship was probably first
quantified in 1936 at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in the
United States, where it was determined that every time total
aircraft production doubled, the required labour time
decreased by 10 to 15 percent.
curve effect is
broader in scope
than the learning
curve effect
encompassing far
more than just
labour time. It
states that the
more often a task
is performed the
lower will be the
cost of doing it.
The task can be
the production of
any good or
service. Each time
cumulative volume
doubles, value
added costs
(including
administration,
marketing,
distribution, and
manufacturing)
fall by a constant
The real
equation
EN = KN^S
where
EN = effort per unit of production (i.e., manhours) to
produce the Nth unit.
K = constant, which is the effort to produce the first
unit.
s = slope constant, which is negative since the
effort per unit decreases with production.

The above relationship will plot as a straight line on


log-log paper.
Take the logarithms of both sides,
log EN = s x log N + log K
which is the equation of a straight line
Y = sX + b
Real time
applications
Significance of learning for
managers

Shaping behaviour in How is this


Organization done ?
Positive Reinforcement
Employee
Discipline

Negative Reinforcement
Well pay vs.
Sick pay

Punishment
Self Mgmt.

Extinction
Training
programs
How does learning benefit any
organisation?

You experience Results seen 

Ensure that learning and optimisation strategies are


aligned and prioritised with business plans; develop
An impact on business results
a strong understanding of existing and required
capabilities.
Use best-in-class business processes, systems and
Reduced costs people to maximise efficiencies in learning
deployment across complex organisations.
Understand and increase the capability of your
Increased productivity
people.
Manage the operational and tactical management of
Greater focus on
your learning services in alignment with your
your core business priorities
business and learning strategies.
Deliver a holistic end-to-end managed learning
service based on eTransformation, business results
A world-class learning culture
impact and self-service to empower self-directed
learning
Manage, track, report and analyse your learning
A healthy return on investment (ROI) results in relation to business indicators to support
unparalleled decision-making effectiveness.
Praxis-Organize our
activities in new &
creative ways

Workplace Learning for


Individuals, Groups
and Organisations – Economic &
Social Research Council
Networked Management
Learning for Managers of
Small & Medium Enterprises-
University Management School,
Lancaster, UK
Let’s see what the
Leader says..
Learning aspects in an Organization
System
Future of learning
is written in the
future of
knowledge.
Learning now :
defined as the
moment when we
actively acquire the
knowledge that is
The most difficult missing in order for us
lesson to learn is: to complete the
Which bridge in needed tasks or solve
life to use or which a problem.
one
to break off .
References

The Internet.

OB – Fred
Luthans
OB – Robbins
& Papers.