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Instructions

Seed drill
RAPID
series
RD 300-450 F
No. 10 026-11 999

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 900107-en


2 Ver.1.3 07/06/01
Tag alltid ett utmatningsprov.
Såtabellens innehåll skall endast
Table, Tabelle, Tableau 98-
ses som riktvärden. Vid små ut-
matningsmängder bör ett nytt ut-
RD 300-800 F No. 10 000-
matningsprov tas regelbundet. Vete Råg Korn Havre Bönor Ärtor Lupiner Vicker Majs Gräs Raps Klöver Gräs
Kontrollera körd areal och ut- Wheat Rye Barley Oats Beans Peas Lupins Vetch Maize Grass Rape Clover Grass
matad mängd vid varje påfyll- Weizen Roggen Gerste Hafer Bohnen Erbsen Lupinen Vicken Mais Gras Raps Klee Gras
ning. Blé Seigle Orge Avoine Fèves Pois Luping Vesces Maïs Ray-grass Colza Trèfle Ray-grass

Always make a seed feed test. Kg/l 0,77 0,72 0,67 0,50 0,85 0,80 0,76 0,83 0,79 0,36 0,65 0,77 0,39
The contents of the sowing table
Scale Kg/haH= High gear Scale Kg/haL= Low gear
should only be regarded as stan-
dard values. When operating 10 35 35 35 25 35 35 35 40 35 15 2 1,5 3 -
with small seed quantities a new
seed test should be made regula- 20 75 70 65 50 75 75 70 80 75 30 4 3 4 -
ry. Check driven acreage and 30 110 105 100 75 110 110 105 115 110 45 6 4 5 2
seed feeded quantity at every
time you refill. 40 145 140 130 100 145 150 140 155 150 - 8 5 6 3
Grundsätzlich sollte vor Beginn 50 185 175 165 125 185 185 170 195 185 - 10 7 9 4
des Drillens eine Abdrehprobe
durch- geführt werden. Wenn die 60 220 210 200 150 220 225 205 230 220 - 15 10 15 7
Sorte oder die Fruchtart gewech- 70 255 245 230 170 255 260 240 270 260 - 20 15 20 10
selt wird, muss eine neue Abreh-
probe gemacht werden. Die 80 295 280 265 195 290 295 275 310 295 - 30 20 25 15
Sätabelle ist eine Anhalt und
Hilft bei der Grundeinstellung. 90 330 315 300 220 330 335 310 350 335 - 40 - 35 20
Beim Drillen von kleinen Aus- 100 365 350 330 245 365 370 345 390 370 - 50 - 45 25
saatmengen (z.b. Raps) sollte
eine Abdrehprobe in regelmäßi- 110 405 385 365 270 400 410 380 425 405 - 60 - 55 30
gen Abständen gemacht werden. 120 440 420 400 295 440 445 415 465 445 - 70 - 60 35
Bitte, kontrollieren Sie die be-
stellte Fläche und die ausge- 130 475 455 430 320 475 485 450 505 480 -
brachte Menge bei jedem
Nachfüllen des Saatgutes. 140 515 490 465 345 510 520 485 540 520 -
Faites toujours un test de dosage.
Les données du tableau ne sont Hög/High/Hoch/Haut 12x100=kg/ha. Utsäde, Cereals, Getreide, Céréales.
qu'à titre indicatif. Lors de peti-
tes quantités de dosage, un nou-
veau test de dosage doit être fait.
Contrôlez la superficie travail-
Låg/Low/Niedrig/Bas 26x10=kg/ha. Oljeväxter, Oil seed, Ölpflanze, Plante oléagineuse
lée et la quantité dosée à cha-
que remplissage.

Se 3.15. See 3.15. Siehe 3.15. Voir 3.15.


1 Safety regualtions
1.1 Before using the drill ............................................................................ 8
1.2 Warning decals: .................................................................................. 8
1.3 Other safety precautions ...................................................................... 9
1.4 Location of warning decals on the machine ........................................... 10
1.5 Data plates ....................................................................................... 10

2 Assembly instructions
2.1 Lifting and unloading the drill .............................................................. 11
2.2 Moving the tool bar tines .................................................................... 12
2.3 Fitting the pre-implements .................................................................. 12
2.4 Fitting the drawbar ............................................................................ 12
2.5 Fitting the drive wheel lifting ram ........................................................ 13
2.6 Fitting a fan ...................................................................................... 13
2.7 Fitting the air hose ............................................................................ 14
2.8 Fitting the PTO shaft .......................................................................... 14
2.9 Fitting the hose bracket ...................................................................... 15
2.10 Installing the Control Box in the tractor ................................................ 17
2.11 Fitting the bout markers ..................................................................... 18
2.12 Fitting the platform ............................................................................ 20
2.13 Fitting the scrapers ............................................................................ 21
2.14 Fitting the following harrow ................................................................. 22
2.15 Fitting the pre-emergence bout marker, mfg. no. -10 309 ....................... 24
2.16 Fitting the pre-emergence bout marker, mfg. no. 10 310- ....................... 26

3 Instructions and settings


3.1 Tractor ............................................................................................. 27
3.2 Hitching the seed drill ........................................................................ 28
3.3 Adjusting hose length and connecting intermediate cable ........................ 29
3.4 Changing between transport position and working position, RD 400-450 F 30
3.5 Horizontal alignment .......................................................................... 32
3.6 Adjusting sowing depth ...................................................................... 33
3.7 Adjusting the wing sections ................................................................ 34
3.8 Adjusting the changeover valve ........................................................... 34
3.9 Adjusting the tool bars ....................................................................... 35
3.10 Setting the seed rate ......................................................................... 36
3.11 Calibration ........................................................................................ 36
3.12 Prior to filling the hopper .................................................................... 38
3.13 Emptying the seed hopper .................................................................. 40
3.14 Operation test ................................................................................... 40
3.15 Adjusting the air-flow ......................................................................... 42
3.16 Electronic Control Box ........................................................................ 51
3.17 Tramlining ........................................................................................ 64
3.18 Adjusting the following harrow ............................................................ 65
3.19 Adjusting Low lift height ..................................................................... 65
3.20 Folding platform, mfg. no. -10 309 ...................................................... 66
3.21 Locking the lifting rams during service .................................................. 66
3.22 Adjusting the seed coulters ................................................................. 67
3.23 Scrapers .......................................................................................... 68

4 Ver.1.3 07/06/01
4 Advice on sowing
4.1 Sowing depth .................................................................................... 69
4.2 Checking the seed feed ...................................................................... 70
4.3 Sowing headlands ............................................................................. 71
4.4 Engaging the drill .............................................................................. 71
4.5 Tramlining ........................................................................................ 72
4.6 Bout markers .................................................................................... 72
4.7 Obstructions ..................................................................................... 72
4.8 Turning with Low lift .......................................................................... 72
4.9 Autumn sowing ................................................................................. 73
4.10 Direct drilling .................................................................................... 73
4.11 Ploughless tillage ............................................................................... 73
4.12 Sowing after ploughing ....................................................................... 73
4.13 Spring sowing ................................................................................... 74
4.14 The Väderstad concept - spring sowing - “Till a bit shallower and drill a
bit deeper” ....................................................................................... 74
4.15 The Tolefors concept .......................................................................... 74
4.16 Cultivating silty soils .......................................................................... 75

5 Maintenance and service


5.1 General maintenance ......................................................................... 76
5.2 Seed feed housing and rape brush ....................................................... 77
5.3 PTO shaft, Mfg. No. -10 158 ................................................................ 77
5.4 Fan and fan transmission, Mfg. No. -10 158 .......................................... 78
5.5 Drive wheel transmission .................................................................... 78
5.6 Locking device, RD 400-450 F ............................................................. 78
5.7 Push rod/ push rod ram ...................................................................... 79
5.8 Cleaning ........................................................................................... 79
5.9 Storing the drill ................................................................................. 80
5.10 Lubrication points .............................................................................. 80
5.11 Changing discs .................................................................................. 81
5.12 Changing disc bearings ...................................................................... 81
5.13 Changing seed coulter mounting bolts .................................................. 82
5.14 Changing wheels ............................................................................... 82
5.15 Changing the seals on the hydraulic rams ............................................. 83
5.16 Changing the valve seals on the lifting ram ........................................... 84
5.17 Repairing and replacing seed hoses ...................................................... 85
5.18 PTO driven hydraulic fan, mftg. no. -10 949 .......................................... 86
5.19 PTO driven hydraulic fan, mftg. no. 10 950- .......................................... 88

6 Troubleshooting
6.1 General information on troubleshooting ................................................ 90
6.2 Troubleshooting list ........................................................................... 91
6.3 Notes on troubleshooting .................................................................... 97

7 Appendices
7.1 Sowing table ................................................................................... 100
7.2 Calibration Results ........................................................................... 101
7.3 Hydraulic diagram ........................................................................... 102
7.4 Electrical diagram ............................................................................ 108
7.5 Connector, mftg. no. 10950 - ............................................................ 111
7.6 Technical data ................................................................................. 113

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 5
6 Ver.1.3 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

IMPORTANT!

This instruction manual is based on experience and results obtained during development of
the Rapid series of drills. Hints and guidelines are to be regarded as general advice, entail-
ing no responsibility whatsoever on the part of Väderstad-Verken AB and/or its represen-
tative. All responsibility for usage, road transport, maintenance and repair etc. of the drill
rests with the owner/driver.
Local conditions affecting crop sequence, soil type, climate etc. may require procedures
different to those mentioned in this manual.

The owner/driver is solely responsible for using the drill correctly in every respect.
Väderstad drills are subjected to thorough quality assurance inspection and function test-
ing before delivery. The user/purchaser shall retain sole liability for ensuring that the
equipment is functioning correctly when in use. Väderstad-Verken AB shall not be liable
for any claims for indirect or consequential damages relating to losses incurred in connec-
tion with the use of the drill. Väderstad-Verken AB accepts no liability for losses arising
from incorrect use of the drill, including its depth control and seed dosage equipment.
Please refer to ”4.1 Sowing depth” on page 69 and ”4.2 Checking the seed feed” on page
70 in this manual.

DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY 89/392/EEC

Väderstad-Verken AB, Box 85, 590 21 Väderstad, SWEDEN


DECLARE
That drills as below conform to the basic safety regulations
in EU guidelines 89/392/EEC and addition.

RD 300 F, RD 400 F and RD 450 F with manufacturing number 10 026 - 14 500.

Gert Gilstring

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 7
Safety regualtions

1 Safety regualtions

1.1 Before using the drill

Figure 1.1

! Always pay extra attention to paragraphs or figures bearing the following symbol:
! Learn to handle the drill correctly and with care. The drill can be dangerous in inexperienced
or careless hands.

1.2 Warning decals:

C D E F G
B

H I
Figure 1.2

A Read the instructions carefully and make sure you understand them.
B Always make sure that the entire working area and folding area of the seed drill are unobstruc-
ted. RD 400-450 F: Never walk under a suspended section. Always check that the automatic
catches have engaged in connection with transport and parking. To ensure reliable operation
of the automatic lock, grease the locking bars periodically.
C Warning tape, pay attention to the danger of crushing and impact injuries. Also used on safety
components.
D Never work under the seed drill when carrying out service or maintenance without ensuring
that the machine is properly supported on stands or is standing on some other firm surface. Se-
cure the lifting ram and the push rod ram (1, accessory) by means of the yellow locking device.
See also ”3.21 Locking the lifting rams during service” on page 66.

8 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

E Drill with PTO driven fan: Pay attention to the rotating transmission shaft. Do not stride
across or stay close to the rotating transmission shaft. Keep the shaft and the protectors in pro-
per condition. Carefully read the instruction handbook supplied with the transmission shaft.
Drills with a PTO driven hydraulic pump: Pay attention to the rotating transmission for the
hydraulic pump. Do not stride across or stay close to the rotating parts. Disconnect the trans-
mission, switch off the ignition of the tractor and take out the key whenever work close to the
hydraulic pump or other maintenance work is required. Do not use the protective cone as a
stepping board.Make sure the protective cone is securely attached to the hydraulic pump. If the
protective cone is damaged, be sure to replace it immediately. Always secure the hydraulic
pump in the top rod mount on the tractor.
F Always ensure that the working area of the bout markers is unobstructed. Bear in mind the
danger of injury when folding or unforlding the bout markers or getting caught between the
seed drill and the bout markers when they are folded in. NOTE! The bout markers are always
folded in when the machine is raised, regardless of the indication on the control box. The mar-
ker arm will always fold as the machine is lowered. Therefor always shut off the control box
main switch when the machine is not on the field. All settings will remain unchanged though
the box is shut off. RD 300 F: Always secure the bout markers with the yellow locking device
when the machine is not on the field.
G Do not climb onto the wheels when the seed drill is parked as they can rotate.
H Do not stand on the seed drill while it is in use. Do not stand on the seed hopper grating (ac-
cessory) unnecessarily as there is a danger of falling. WARNING! Since talc is used in con-
nection with pea seeding, for instance, the grating could be extremely slippery.
I Do not stand on the seed drill during front loading of seed.

1.3 Other safety precautions


! Observe the greatest caution when transporting the seed drill on a public road. If the machine
has a full hopper, note that the towed weight is considerable and that the view to the rear is
greatly restricted. Check the adjustment of the tractor's rear-view mirrors. The owner/driver is
solely responsible when the machine is transported on a public road.
! NOTE! This machine/equipment together with its tyres is designed for a maximum speed of
30 km/h, during transportation on the road.
! When any repair work is carried out on the hydraulic system, the seed drill should be in the
lowered position (RD 400-450 F) and resting on a firm and level surface with the wing sections
lowered!
! If the seed drill is folded when parking, the stop device on the master ram should be set so that
the seed drill rests both on its wheels and the discs. Since the weight on the supporting leg is
so high, the machine shall not be parked on loose surface!
! Always make sure that the seed drill's male couplings and the tractor's female couplings are
clean and free from impurities before connecting them together.
! Always use genuine Väderstad spare parts to maintain the quality and reliability of the seed
drill. If other brands of spare parts are used, all guarantee and claim commitments cease to be
valid.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 9
Safety regualtions

1.4 Location of warning decals on the machine


A,B,H,I

D C
E
D C

D C
Figure 1.3

1.5 Data plates


1.5.1 Serial number plate

A B
Figure 1.4

A Model number
B Manufacturing Number. Always state this number in connection with orders of spare parts, ser-
vice or warranty claims.

1.5.2 CE plate

C D E F G
Figure 1.5

C Working width
D Transport width
E Serial (CE) number
F Weight: unladen weight incl. following harrow and single Crossboard. For further information
see ”7.6 Technical data” on page 113.
G Year of manufacture

10 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

2 Assembly instructions
On delivery, the drill may be almost fully assembled depending on the method of transport etc.
Use the following instructions where necessary. The drill can also be delivered with extras not co-
vered by these instructions. If in any doubt, contact Väderstad-Verken AB or your dealer.

2.1 Lifting and unloading the drill

Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2

Use either pallet forks or lifting straps (not chains) when lifting the drill.
When lifting with pallet forks, lift from the front in the places indicated by the labels.
When lifting using lifting straps, secure them to the centre sections (RD 300 F) or in the folded up
wings (RD 400-450 F) in the placed indicated by the stickers. Use lifting straps at least 6 m long.
NOTE!Never lift the machine in the indicated places if the wings are folded down (RD 400-450 F).
Loaders and lifting equipment used to lift the drill should have sufficient margin to manage the
weight of the machine. For weight indications, see ”7.6 Technical data” on page 113. Lift down
the drill and then carry out the remaining unloading and assembly on a firm, level surface.
NOTE!Never walk under a suspended machine.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 11
Assembly instructions

2.2 Moving the tool bar tines

Figure 2.3

Prior to delivery, two or more tines have been removed from the centre section tool bar to aid lo-
ading and unloading. Check carefully that these tines have been replaced in the correct positions
before attaching the drawbar. The tine fitting must be to the right of the mark when viewed from
the rear.
NOTE!Always check the tine spacing of a new drill on delivery.

2.3 Fitting the pre-implements


Fit the pre-implements as explained in the spare parts manual or, in certain cases, according to the
attached instructions.

2.4 Fitting the drawbar

Figure 2.4

Fit the drawbar to the centre section using the bolts provided. Place the drawbar on the supporting
leg with the towhook about 40-50 cm over the ground. Connect the post of the drawbar to the turn
buckle on the centre section.
Ensure that both ends of the turnbuckle are unscrewed an equal distance. Check that all bolts are
properly tightened.
The horizontal alignment of the drill will be adjusted later, see ”3.5 Horizontal alignment” on
page 32.

12 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

2.5 Fitting the drive wheel lifting ram

Figure 2.5

Fit the drive wheel lifting ram as shown. Raise the drive wheel if the piston rod is fully out. Bolts
(A) must be tightened until there is a freeplay of a few millimetres. Check that the drive wheel can
be raised and lowered by hand without the lifting ram jamming between the links. Fit the drive
shaft (B) using the R-clips (C). Check that the cross-ties for the driving axle are as straight as pos-
sible. Adjust the length of the axle if necessary.

2.6 Fitting a fan

Figure 2.6

Fit the fan as shown. The front part of the bracket should rest against the weld bead (A).

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 13
Assembly instructions

2.7 Fitting the air hose

Figure 2.7 Figure 2.8

Fit the ejector elbow on the seed housing. Twist the elbow in well towards the centre of the drill
so that there is sufficient room for the rate test bag.

2.8 Fitting the PTO shaft

Figure 2.9

(Only applicable to machines with a PTO-driven fan.)


Position the tractor and drill at the maximum turning angle without connecting the PTO shaft. If
the power outlet is not central, position the tractor to the side giving the shortest shaft length. Me-
asure up the shaft length (10 cm shorter) and cut the shaft if necessary. Cut both ends equally. Fit
and check the shaft length. The minimum insertion length for the shaft is 500 mm.
NOTE!During operation, the 80o maximum operating angle of the front universal joint must not
be exceeded.

14 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

2.9 Fitting the hose bracket

Figure 2.10

Fit the hose bracket on the fan.


Connect the fan transmitter and area meter to the cable harness. The cables are numbered and the
corresponding number is on the cable harness.
Attach the outer tubing on the area meter cable to the hydraulic hoses so that the control box can-
not fall down and get damaged on the drill frame.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 15
Assembly instructions

16 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

2.10 Installing the Control Box in the tractor

Figure 2.11

Mount the Control Box securely using the screws on the back of the Box. Place the Box so that it
is clearly within the range of vision of a forward-facing driver.
NOTE!Check for hidden cables before drilling holes in the tractor cab.
Connect the cables: Brown to positive (+) and blue to earth (-).
NOTE!The polarity must not be reversed. If the tractor has an electric socket in the cab, use this.
If there is no socket, connection must be made using an extra cable, preferably 6 mm2. Do not use
a cigarette lighter socket as the current requirement may be as high as 20 A. It is important to
make a secure connection since poor contact will cause malfunction.
Make sure that the connecting cable to the drill is not trapped under the rear window of the tractor
as this may cause damage. Use a hatch or a hole. Clamp the cable securely onto the tractor to pro-
tect the Control Box from damage if the driver forgets to unscrew the connecting cable when un-
hitching the drill.
NOTE!Ensure that the Control Box is switched off until the bout markers are fitted.

2.10.1 RD 400 - 450 F


The drill can now be unfolded. Check that the Control Box is switched off.
NOTE!The following harrow and bout markers etc may be secured to the wheels or the platform
during transport and must be released before unfolding.
Before unfolding, see ”3.4 Changing between transport position and working position, RD 400-
450 F” on page 30.
Unfolding must always be performed with the drill fully raised. Release the
locking devices before unfolding.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 17
Assembly instructions

2.11 Fitting the bout markers

Figure 2.12

2.11.1 RD 400-450 F, -10 949


Drive out the pin (A) from the marker shaft and dismount the cirplip (K). Raise the marker and
introduce the upper end (B) of the marker shaft into the upper mounting lug (C). Lower the marker
and introduce the lower end (D) of the marker shaft into the lower mounting lug (E). Raise the
washer (F) on the upper end of the marker shaft towards the mounting lug (C) and drive in the pin
(A) under the washer. Fit the circlip (K) again. Fold out the bout marker and release the marker
ram.
Switch on the control box and turn the left-hand multiple selector until the correct marker lamp
lights up. Lower the seed drill hydraulically to move the ram outwards slightly. Then fit the piston
rod to the bout marker by means of the turned M16 bolt (G). Fit a rubber washer (I) on each side
of the piston rod inside the mounting lugs. Raise the seed drill and check that the bout marker en-
ters on or slightly above its catch. Fit the other bout marker in the same way.

18 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

2.11.2 RD 400-450 F, 10 950-


E
D

F A
C L

H
I

Figure 2.13

Fit the bout marker arm (A) in the wing bracket (B).
Fold in the bout marker arm and check that the catch of the arm (C) fits against the roller (D) on
the wing. If necessary, adjust the bout marker arm height with the stop screw (E).
Fold out the marker a little. Switch on the control box and turn the bout marker selector until the
correct bout marker indicator lights. Lower the machine using the hydraulics in order that the ram
extends a bit. Test fit the piston rod on the bout marker. Verify that the bout marker arm passes
across the roller, but is not under tension when folded in. Also verify that the bout marker arm is
not affected by the post-harrow linkage when it is raised or lowered. If necessary, adjust the ram
length by screwing the piston rod (F) using a key handle/nuts.
Lock the linkage head using a locking nut.
Fit the other bout marker in a similar fashion.

2.11.3 RD 300-450 F
Check the position of the marker tine (H). The distance (L) from the centre of the seed drill to the
tip of the marker tine should be 3.0 m on the RD 300 F, 4.0 m on the RD 400 F, and 4.5 m on the
RD 450 F.
NOTE!Bear in mind the danger of injury when the bout marker is operated. Always make sure that
the marker's operating area is unobstructed!

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 19
Assembly instructions

2.12 Fitting the platform


2.12.1 Installing the rear platform (mfg. no. -10 309)

Figure 2.14

Fit the platform, ladder and handrails.


Ensure that the brackets (A) are fitted parallel to each other when they are attached to the platform
(B). Adjust the stop screws (C) so that the brackets (A) rest very lightly on the R-clips (D) when
there is no load on the platform.

2.12.2 Installing the front platform (mfg. no. 10 310-)

Figure 2.15

Install the outer end plates in the installation holes on the hopper.
Install the platform on the outer end plates. The angled corner (A) of the platform should be out-
side the outer end plate (B).
Install the guard rails and the ladder.

20 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

2.13 Fitting the scrapers


B

Figure 2.16

For transport reasons, some models may be delivered with the scrapers folded up. In such cases,
half of the fixing screws for the arm (B) are packed inside the hopper.
The distance between the scraper blade and the tyre should be at least 5 mm. To check this: Let
the drill rest on the discs, with the wheels a few centimetres over the ground. Rotate the wheels
and check that the scraper blades at no point come within 5 mm of the tyres.
NOTE!If the scraper blade is not in the right lateral position after fitting, the fittings can be adjus-
ted with a suitable tool.
Make sure the fixing screws for the scraper mounting are properly tightened

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 21
Assembly instructions

2.14 Fitting the following harrow

Figure 2.17

Fit the shafts with the spring assemblies in place.


Mount the single shafts on the centre section. Fit the bolt (A) through the links (B) and the inter-
mediate sleeve (C), the wheel beam's mounting lug (D) and shaft lug (E).
NOTE!this is threaded. Screw in the bolt until only slight play remains and tighten the locknut (F).
Secure the links (I) on each side of the section's bracket (H) by means of the clevis pin (G).

2.14.1 RD 400-450 F
Fit the double shafts (K) on the wing sections by means of the clevis pins (L) on the inside of the
second and third mounting lug on the side section.
NOTE!The double shafts are of left-hand and right-hand pattern!
Fit the following harrow sections to the shafts. Fit the centre and left-hand following harrow sec-
tion on the right-hand side of the shafts and the right-hand following harrow section on the left-
hand side of the double shaft.

2.14.2 RD 300-450 F
Check that every second tine runs between the wheel tracks and the others in the centre of the
tracks. Adjust the working pressure of the following harrow by means of the adjusting screws (J).
The following harrow operates with almost unchanged spring pressure right up to the low lifting
height.
NOTE!Before reversing, the Low lift function must be turned off , the drill raised fully and the
ground clearance of the following harrow checked. Failure to do this may result in damage to the
harrow.

RD 300 F

RD 400-450 F

Figure 2.18

22 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 23
Assembly instructions

2.15 Fitting the pre-emergence bout marker, mfg. no. -10 309
Place the seed drill unfolded on a firm surface and hitched to a tractor. Raise or lower the seed drill
to bring the seed coulters about a centimetre or so above the ground. Then select the floating po-
sition or switch off the tractor and release the hydraulic pressure so that the seed drill sinks to the
ground. Stop the tractor, turn off the engine and switch off the control box. Do not stand on the
wheels when fitting the pre-emergence bout markers, since they may rotate.

2.15.1 Fitting the pre-emergence bout markers for centre marking (standard) and
side marking on RD 400 F

C
B
C

Figure 2.19

Fit the frame (B) to the centre of the seed drill's centre wheel beam. Fit the mounting bolts (C) and
the frame from the left-hand side to two of the wheel beam's rear mounting lugs.
Adjust the distance (D) to the right track width. Check that this track width coincides with the
tramlining, see ”3.17.1 Adjusting track width” on page 64, and that it is correctly positioned late-
rally.

24 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

2.15.2 Installing the pre-emergence bout marker for side tramlining (option on RD 450 F)

Figure 2.20

Uninstall the shaft (K) connected to the double shaft on the left-side following harrow. Install the
pre-emergence bout marker arm (L) on the right side of the following harrow of the double shaft
together with the new shaft (M). Move the crank (N) to the right side of its front and rear mount.
Do not tighten the crank mounting bolts more than a small lateral play is still maintained. Lock
the mounting bolts with the counter nuts. Install the tap as shown in the figure and adjust the meter
(P) from the outer side plate on the drill to half of the tramline space. Verify that this tramline spa-
cing matches the selected tramlining. See ”3.17.1 Adjusting track width” on page 64.

2.15.3 Fitting the hydraulic system

Figure 2.21

Remove the three plugs (E) from the outlets marked 8 and 9 at the top and rear of the valve block.
Remove the plugs with care as there may still be some hydraulic pressure remaining in the circuit.
Fit the cartridge valve (F), the solenoid (G), hydraulic hoses (H), hose connections and ram (I).
See also the spare parts list.
Fit the Hirschman switch (J) marked 20 on the solenoid (G).
Test the operation of the pre-emergence bout marker. When the seed drill is raised the pre-emer-
gence bout marker should always be lifted and when the seed drill is lowered it should lowered
for tramlining (Lamps 5 lights up on the control box).
NOTE!If you step past tramlining manually the pre-emergence bout marker may sink without the
hydraulic control being used. In such case, raise the seed drill again!

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 25
Assembly instructions

2.16 Fitting the pre-emergence bout marker, mfg. no. 10 310-


Place the seed drill unfolded on a firm surface and hitched to a tractor. Raise or lower the seed drill
to bring the seed coulters about a centimetre or so above the ground. Then select the floating position
or switch off the tractor and release the hydraulic pressure so that the seed drill sinks to the ground.
Stop the tractor, turn off the engine and switch off the control box. Do not stand on the wheels when
fitting the pre-emergence bout markers, since they may rotate.
2.16.1 Installing the pre-emergence bout marker for centre tramlining (standard)
and side tramlining on RD 400 F

C
B C
K

Figure 2.22
Install the front part of the frame (B) in the centre of the middle wheel beam of the drill. The mounting
bolts (C) and the frame should be fitted from the left side against two of the fixing eyelets.
Connect the light connectors (K) in the frame joints and assemble the frame parts.
Adjust the space (D) to the correct tramline spacing. Verify that this tramline spacing matches the
selected tramlining (see ”3.17.1 Adjusting track width” on page 64) and make sure the lateral position
is correct.

2.16.2 Fitting the hydraulic system

Figure 2.23
Remove the three plugs (E) from the outlets marked 8 and 9 at the top and rear of the valve block.
Remove the plugs with care as there may still be some hydraulic pressure remaining in the circuit. Fit
the cartridge valve (F), the solenoid (G), hydraulic hoses (H), hose connections and ram (I). See also
the spare parts list.
Fit the Hirschman switch (J) marked 20 on the solenoid (G).
Test the operation of the pre-emergence bout marker. When the seed drill is raised the pre-emergence
bout marker should always be lifted and when the seed drill is lowered it should lowered for tramli-
ning (Lamps 5 lights up on the control box).
NOTE!If you step past tramlining manually the pre-emergence bout marker may sink without the hy-
draulic control being used. In such case, raise the seed drill again!

26 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3 Instructions and settings


NOTE!All basic adjustments must be carried out with the Rapid drill on a level surface, with the
wing sections lowered and with the drill hitched to a tractor.

3.1 Tractor

Figure 3.1 Figure 3.2

To reduce damaging soil compaction, the tractor in use during sowing should be fitted with extra
wide tyres, e.g. twin tyres or similar. Aim for as low an inflation pressure as possible. Any front
end weights on the tractor should be removed.
Two two-way hydraulic connectors are required. If the seed drill is equipped with a hydraulic fan,
a third hydraulic connector and a separate no-pressure return entry are required.
The return inlet will be installed according to the tractor manufacture's instruction. Female socket
is delivered with the machine.
If the machine is equipped with a hydraulic top rod, one more two-way hydraulic connector is re-
quired.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 27
Instructions and settings

3.2 Hitching the seed drill

Figure 3.3

Hitch the drill to the tractor.


Connect the power transmission shaft and check its length. (Applicable to drills with a power-dri-
ven fan, also see section ”2.8 Fitting the PTO shaft” on page 14.)
Mount the hydraulic pump on the tractor’s hydraulic connector and connect the torque rod. (App-
licable to drills with PTO-driven hydraulic fan. Also se section ”3.15.5 PTO driven hydraulic fan,
mftg. no. 10 199-10 949 (accessory)” on page 45.
Don’t forget to raise the supporting leg.
Connect the hydraulic hoses. The two large-dimension 3/8" hoses with plastic rings are used to
raising and lowering the seed drill and to operate the markers. The two thin 1/4" hoses marked
with plastic rings are used to fold down the side wings and adjust the front implements. Make
very sure that the hoses are connected in pairs to the correct hydraulic connectors on the tractor.
The two hoses running to the hydraulic top rod (optional equipment) should be connected to a two-
way hydraulic connector.

3.2.1 Connecting hoses to the hydraulic fan, 2-hose version, mftg. no. -10 323:

Figure 3.4

Connect the thin hose to a hydraulic connector designed for continuous operation of a hydraulic
motor. If available, use a priority connector. The thicker 3/4” hose should be connected to a sepa-
rate no-pressure return entry.
Lock the female quick connector on the return entry. See “Figure 3.6”.

28 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.2.2 Connecting hoses to the hydraulic fan, 3-hose version, mftg. no. 10 324-:
2

Figure 3.5 Figure 3.6

Connect the two thin hoses to a two-way hydraulic connector designed for continuous operation
of a hydraulic motor. If available, use a priority connector. The thicker hose of these two hoses is
the pressure hose to the hydraulic motor, while the thinner is the oil leakage hose. The thickest of
the hoses, the 3/4” return hose, should be connected to a separate no-pressure return entry. Lock
the female quick connector on the return entry. See “Figure 3.6”.
NOTE!Use a rag and make sure all couplings and connectors are dry! This is a good way to avoid
disruptions in the hydraulic system.
Also read section ”3.15 Adjusting the air-flow” on page 42 prior to starting the fan.

3.3 Adjusting hose length and connecting intermediate cable

Figure 3.7

The machine is fitted with an adjustable hose bracket. Fit the hydraulic hoses through the smaller
holes in the hose bracket and adjust to a suitable length by adjusting the size of the loops before
tightening the wing nuts.
When work is finished, push the quick couplings through the upper, larger holes in the hose brack-
et. The hoses for raising should be put through the holes with the arrow pointing up and those for
lowering through the holes with the arrow pointing down.
Connect the intermediate cable from the Control Box to the drill. This must be done carefully, ma-
king sure that the guide marks on the connections are lined up. Press the connections together
gently and screw on the collar.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 29
Instructions and settings

3.4 Changing between transport position and working po-


sition, RD 400-450 F
3.4.1 Changing to working position

Figure 3.8

A Lift the seed drill to its top position. Folding the wing sections in and out must always be car-
ried out with the seed drill fully raised. Also check that the tool bar is fully raised before folding
out.

Figure 3.9 Figure 3.10

B Draw the wings together with the folding ram. Note! Do not operate the folding ram in the
wrong direction in this position. At the same time unlock the wing sections with the line.

Figure 3.11 Figure 3.12

C Unfold the wing sections. Keep the lock release line taut until the second section has started to
unfold. While unfolding the drill in this way, check that the tool bar coupling arms (D and E)
between the mid and wing sections take up the correct positions, so that each side section coup-
ling arm (D) locates behind the relevant coupling arm on the mid section (E).

30 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Figure 3.13 Figure 3.14

D Keep the hydraulic lever on the tractor in the lowering position (Note! "Floating" position
must not be used) until the ram ("folding ram") is fully refilled, locking the wing sections in
the unfolded position. See “Figure 3.13”.

Figure 3.15

E Always drive forwards when the seed drill is lowered to its working position, to prevent the
seed coulters becoming clogged.
F Lower the tool bar to its working position.

3.4.2 Changing to transport position


A Switch off the low-lift function at the control box. Raise the seed drill to its top position. Note!
When the wing sections are being folded and unfolded, the mid section must always be in its
fully raised position.
B Fold the machine and check that the locking bars are fully engaged.
C Check that front implements and trailing implements do not exceed the 3 metre transportation
width limit.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 31
Instructions and settings

3.5 Horizontal alignment

Figure 3.16

The pitch of the drill is adjusted in the field using the push rod (A). The outer side plates must be
completely parallel to the ground when the drill is sowing at the correct depth. Check the horizo-
ntal alignment by ensuring that the forward seed coulters sow at the same depth as those at the rear.
This can be done very easily using the Väderstad sowing depth meter. First pack the soil lightly,
then scrape away thin layers of soil until the seeds are exposed. The seeds in all rows should ap-
pear simultaneously. If they do not, the drill is not fully level.

Figure 3.17

For larger adjustments of sowing depth, the horizontal alignment may require adjustment. To re-
lieve pressure on the push rod during adjustment, the tool bar should be fully pressed down and,
if necessary, the towhook should be lowered.
NOTE!There is a risk of the seed coulters becoming blocked. After adjustment, the push rod must
be locked using the locking tab (B).
NOTE!The ends of the push rod must together not be extended to more than 120 mm.

32 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.6 Adjusting sowing depth

Figure 3.18

3.6.1 RD 300 F
Adjustment of the seeding depth is carried out with the depth stop (A). The numbers on the scale
do not represent absolute values of the seeding depth in centimetres but serve as an index only. In
the case of larger adjustment of the seeding depth, it may be necessary to adjust the horizontal
alignment, see ”3.5 Horizontal alignment” on page 32 and also ”4.1 Sowing depth” on page 69.

3.6.2 RD 400-450 F
Adjustment of the centre section drilling depth is made using the stop bolt (A). The drilling depth
of the side sections is adjusted with the cranks (B). The scale indications do not constitute absolute
values of the drilling depth in centimetres but serve as an index only. On machines with mftg. no.
-10 949 the scale indication of the hydraulic ram does not correspond with the crank scales.
Consequently, be sure to verify the drilling depth on each section. Perform this inspection at the
centre of each section. For large adjustments of the drilling depth, it may be necessary to adjust
the horizontal alignment. See ”3.5 Horizontal alignment” on page 32. Also see ”4.1 Sowing
depth” on page 69.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 33
Instructions and settings

3.7 Adjusting the wing sections


3.7.1 RD 400-450 F

Figure 3.19

A hydraulic lock is used to lock the extending/retracting ram automatically in the extended posi-
tion, to keep the machine "rigid". This is to ensure even performance across the entire operating
width. For the wing sections to work in line with the mid section, the stop screws (A) may need
to be adjusted. To check these:
Lift up and unfold the drill, see ”3.4 Changing between transport position and working position,
RD 400-450 F” on page 30, but keep the machine lifted up on the wheels of the mid section. In
this position the forward frame tubes of the wing sections should be properly aligned (parallel)
with the mid section.
If the stop bolt (A) needs to be adjusted, first fold up the machine again, see ”3.4 Changing bet-
ween transport position and working position, RD 400-450 F” on page 30.

3.8 Adjusting the changeover valve


3.8.1 RD 400 - 450 F

Figure 3.20

The valve is usually pre-set on delivery from the factory. The reverse switch (A) activates/deacti-
vates the control system for lowering of the wing sections. When the drill is lowered in working
mode, one of the double-acting hydraulic take-offs of the tractor is linked to the tool bar only.
When the drill is raised onto its wheels, this same hydraulic take-off is also linked to lowering of
the wing sections. Lever (B) must always be as far forward as possible when the drill is in working
mode or Low-Lift. This can be adjusted by sliding valve (A) backwards or forwards in its moun-
ting (C). Tighten the screws for the valve mounting (C) after adjustment so that the valve does not
slip once its position has been set.

34 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.9 Adjusting the tool bars


The depth of the tool bar is controlled by means of a ram on the centre section.

3.9.1 RD 400-450 F

Figure 3.21

If the depth of the tool bar on the centre and wing sections is not the same, adjust this by slackening
and moving the sleeve (G) along the slot in the side section's coupling arm (H).
NOTE!Different tool bar depths may also be due to different seeding depth settings or incorrect
adjustment of the wing sections, see ”3.6 Adjusting sowing depth” on page 33 and ”3.7 Adjusting
the wing sections” on page 34.

3.9.2 RD 300-450 F

Figure 3.22

The working depth of the front tool bar in relation to the rear ones can be set by means of the row
of holes in the adjusting lever (I). If the setting of the front tool bar differs widely from that of the
rear bars, check the horizontal alignment of the seed drill, see ”3.5 Horizontal alignment” on page
32. Wear plates (F, see the Spare Parts list) are fitted when theCrossboard tines have worn down
so that about 60 mm remains below the lower hole.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 35
Instructions and settings

3.10 Setting the seed rate

Figure 3.23 Figure 3.24

! The seed boxe should be set according to the sowing table prior to filling the seed hopper.
Use the crank to set the desired value on the scale. On machines with mftg. no. -10 610, use the
supplied 10 mm wrench.
The scale setting can be reduced in intervals of 5-10 scale divisions even after the hopper has been
filled. Give the feed roller a few turns and continue to reduce the scale setting. When reducing the
scale setting to values under 20, the roller should be rotated continuously. The feed roller can be
engaged increasingly without any risk of the seed being crushed.
Electric adjustment of the sown amount (Option)
If the machine is equipped with electric adjustment of the sown amount (option), the seed house
setting is operated using the power switch on the control box or using the remote control. See
”3.16.5 Electric adjustment of the sown amount (Option)” on page 60.
NOTE!The scale value cannot be reduced if the feed roller is not moving. Consequently, if the sca-
le indication must be changed when the machine is not moving, turn the drive wheel by hand.

3.11 Calibration
H= L=

Figure 3.25 Figure 3.26

! Undo the protective cover on the drive wheel transmission. Put the high/low gear in the correct
position.
! Adjust the seed rate. See ”3.10 Setting the seed rate” on page 36, and select a scale setting from
the sowing table and based on previous experience.

36 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Figure 3.27

! For calibrations, be sure to use the supplied calibration bag. Prior to calibration, reset the scale
when the calibration bag is empty.
The bag should be pushed up under the seed box through the spring-loaded rate test hatch.
H= 12
L= 26

Figure 3.28 Figure 3.29

! The drive wheel is released by removing the ring cotter from the upper cog wheel (output
shaft). Then mount the crank onto the shaft and lock it with the R-clip. NOTE! Don't forget to
return the pin to its original position when the test is over.
Carry out a first calibration test to fill the feed rollers with seed. Empty the bag. The actual ca-
libration test can now be carried out. Crank slowly and methodically, at around one turn per
second

High gear. 12 test turns: Weighed amount of grain x 100 =________kg/ha.

Low gear. 26 test turns: Weighed amount of grain x 10 =_________kg/ha.

! Weigh the full test bag and make any adjustments necessary. The scale is practically linear,
making a procentual increase or decrease possible.
Example: We want a sowing rate of 220 kg/ha wheat and set a scale reading of 50. The cali-
bration test gives a value of 200 kg/ha. We need to increase output by +10%, which would
mean a scale setting of 55.
! When sowing with low gear, a full scale test must be carried out. Make 130 turns and weigh
the seed collected x 2. The collected amount x 2 is the sowing rate of the drill. If the amount
collected weighs 3 kg, the drill sowing rate is 6 kg/ha. A full scale test must be carried out when
sowing small amounts, 8 kg or less.
! When sowing oilseeds: Check that the rapeseed brush is clean and adjust the brush with respect
to the cell wheel flaps
Check regularly that the sowing rate of the drill corresponds to the set value.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 37
Instructions and settings

3.12 Prior to filling the hopper


Check that:
! the machine is empty, clean and dry
! the seed housing is set as shown in the Sowing Table.
! the emptying hatch is closed.

3.12.1 Filling from bulk sacks

Figure 3.30

NOTE!Pay attention to safety. Do not walk under a suspended load! Make sure there is nobody on
the drill when feeding the seed. Use of an extension handle on the knife blade is recommended.
Make sure there is nobody on the hopper.
Mfg. no. -10 309:

Figure 3.31

If possible, fill from the side with the wing in the retracted position
(RD 400-450), or diagonally from the front with the tractor turned away from the drill. When fil-
ling from behind, it should be done diagonally from the right to allow access to the platform wit-
hout having to pass under the lifting arm.

38 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Mfg. no. 10 310-:

The safest way to fill the hopper is diagonally from the rear with the wing in the retracted position
(RD 400-450). If filling from the front, do so diagonally from the right with the tractor turned
away in order to allow access to the platform without having to pass under the lifting arm.

3.12.2 Filling from small sacks


NOTE!Pay attention to safety. Do not walk under a suspended load! Make sure there is nobody on
the drill when feeding the seed. Make sure there is nobody on the hopper.

Figure 3.32

The stepping boards and platform of the drill are not designed for manual loading from small seed
bags.
Filling should preferably be done using a loader and the bags placed on a pallet.
Mfg. no. -10 309:
Lift the pallet diagonally from the rear right up to the guard rail level in order that one can safely
access the platform.
Mfg. no. 10 310-:
Lift the pallet diagonally from the front right, with the tractor turned away to the side, up to the
guard rail level in order that one can safely access the platform.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 39
Instructions and settings

3.13 Emptying the seed hopper

Figure 3.33

The hopper can be emptied by a single action. Remove the sliding hatch completely. If emptying
a bit at a time, slide the hatch up gradually.
Do not forget to replace the hatch after emptying.

3.14 Operation test

Figure 3.34

To check the actual output, a running test can be performed. This is recommended especially when
the seed drill is new or is used on a different surface to the previous one. When sowing in heavy
autumn soil, for instance, the drive wheels tend to slip more.
When carrying out measurement, drive a distance (L) of 33 m with the RD 300 F, 25 m with the
RD 400 F and 22 m with the RD 450 F.
NOTE!The fan should be turned off. The measured seed quantity multiplied by 100 gives the do-
sage in kg/ha.

40 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 41
Instructions and settings

3.15 Adjusting the air-flow


3.15.1 Mechanical fan, Mfg. No. -10 158

1/2

Figure 3.35

The air-flow is regulated by a draught damper.


1/1: The damper is fully open. This setting must always be used. The only possible exception to
this is for very light grass seed, in which case a reduced air-flow can be required.
NOTE!Oilseeds must always be sown with the damper open, position 1/1.

3.15.2 Hydraulic fan, Mfg. No. -10 158

Figure 3.36

The air quantity is controlled by the fan rev speed which is set using the rev speed regulator (A)
on the fan support. On tractors with a constant pressure hydraulic system, the rev speed regulator
(A) is set to its highest value and the fan rev speed is then adjusted using the flow valve on the
hydraulic system of the tractor.
The fan rev speed is monitored using the rev counter supplied (-10 000) or the Control Box
(10 000-).
The nominal rev speed is 4300 rpm and should under no circumstances fall below 4000 rpm as
this can cause a stoppage in the feed system.

42 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.15.3 Hydraulic fan "Fenix", Mfg. No. 10 159-10 259

Figure 3.37

The air quantity is regulated by the fan rev counter which is set using the rev counter regulator (A)
on the fan support. On tractors with a constant pressure hydraulic system, the regulator (A) is set
to its highest value and the fan rev speed is then adjusted using the flow valve on the hydraulic
system of the tractor..
Press button 18 and the fan rev speed is displayed on the Control Box.
The fan alarm in the Control Box has factory settings of a min. speed of 3800 rpm and a max.
speed of 4800 rpm. These can be altered in the Control Box, see ”3.16.3 Programming the Type
III Control Box” on page 54.

Table 3.1 Recommended fan speed


RD 300 F RD 400 F RD 450 F
Small seeds 2200 rpm 2200 rpm 2200 rpm
Corn 3500 rpm 4100 rpm 4300 rpm
Warm up the hydraulic system before running the fan on full, 10 minutes for most tractors.
Under NO circumstances should the fan should be run on full when the hydraulic oil is cold.
This builds a high return oil pressure which can damage the axle bearings of the hydraulic motor.
The return pressure must not exceed 15 bar, see manometer (B) on the fan.
If the return pressure does not fall below 10 bar despite the fact that the oil is warm, the return pipe
from the fan and the return inlet on the tractor should be checked. The female socket of the re-
turn connection supplied (C) must be used to achieve sufficient return pressure.

18

Figure 3.38

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 43
Instructions and settings

3.15.4 Hydraulic fan "Fenix", manufacturing no. 10 260-


The air volume is adjusted using the fan speed.
The fan speed can be adjusted in various ways, depending on the tractor on which it is mounted:
A The fan is controlled using the tractor’s flow valve. A flow valve is available on most tractors
with a constant pressure hydraulic system. If the tractor has a priority hydaulic connector, be
sure to use this. Control of the hydraulic pressure from the tractor’s hydraulic system will then
be optimized for the hydraulic fan and on the tractor. Before installing an external valve accor-
ding to alternative (b) or (c), check whether a flow valve is optionally available for the tractor’s
hydraulic system.

+ -

Figure 3.39

B If the tractor is equipped with a constant pressure hydraulic system but no flow valve, the fan
speed is instead controlled with a check valve installed on the pressure line between the tractor
and the sowing machine. The check valve can be ordered as already fitted or can be fitted on
models without this valve (part no. 420160).

Figure 3.40 Figure 3.41

C If the tractor has a constant pressure system, the fan rpm can be adjusted using an additional
rpm regulator placed between the hydraulic hoses of the tractor and drill or on the fan holder.
The optional speed regulator can be ordered fitted or can be fitted later (part no. 420154).
Press button 18 on the control box to display the fan speed on the display again.
The fan speed alarm of the control box has been preset at the factory to min. 3800 rpm and max.
4800 rpm. The alarm levels can be adjusted from the control box. See ”3.16.3 Programming
the Type III Control Box” on page 54.

Table 3.2 Recommended fan speed


RD 300 F RD 400 F RD 450 F
Small seeds 2200 rpm 2200 rpm 2200 rpm
Corn 3500 rpm 4100 rpm 4300 rpm

44 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.15.5 PTO driven hydraulic fan, mftg. no. 10 199-10 949 (accessory)
The fan is designed to be driven at a PTO speed of 1000 rpm. The upper alarm limit of the control
box is for a fan speed set to 4800 rpm, which is reached at approx.1100 rpm of the power connec-
tor. The maximum permissible fan speed is 5000 rpm.
Press button 18 to show the fan speed on the control box.
The fan speed alarm of the control box has been preset at the factory to min. 3800 rpm and max.
4800 rpm. The alarm levels can be adjusted from the control box. See ”3.16.3 Programming the
Type III Control Box” on page 54.
NOTE!During operation, the oil can become very hot (more than 80ºC)!

Prior to starting

Figure 3.42 Figure 3.43


! Check that all hoses and screws are secure.
! Check that the oil level is within the upper half of the inspection glass.
! Check that the pump is properly mounted and that the torque rod is securely fitted.
! Check that all hoses are free from damage and ensure that they hang properly.
Normal start-up:
Always start the fan when the tractor is idling and let it run for a while until all hoses, the pump
and engine have warmed up. Do not start the fan while the tractor is under operating power. Cold,
viscous oil and pressure peaks will inevitably shorten the service life of the system.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 45
Instructions and settings

Operation:

Figure 3.44

The air volume is adjusted by using the sliding damper. The damper has four positions. Refer to
the table below for recommended settings.

Table 3.3 Table of sliding damper settings


Rev speed RD 300 F RD 400 F RD 450 F
4300 rpm 3 2 1
Sliding damper position 1= fully opend.
Small/Grass seed: The fourth or between third and fourth position depending on variaty (dressing)
and amount.

46 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 47
Instructions and settings

3.15.6 PTO driven hydraulic fan, mftg. no. 10 950- (option)

Connection of the hydraulic pump to the PTO shaft:


Connect the hydraulic pump as explained below. Items 3 and 4 should only be performed during
initial installation or when the pump is moved from one tractor to another.
1 Install the hydraulic pump on the tractor's 1000 rpm PTO shaft. Ensure that the coupling pro-
perly connects with the shaft.
2 Install the top rod in the top rod mount of the tractor. Please note the use of two mounting
points.

Figure 3.45 Figure 3.46


3 Install the hydraulic pump to the top rod. Select the most suitable position between A and B.
Do not tighten the screws. Suspend the pump allowing it to lean slightly upwards, approx. 5°
from horizontal. Secure the rod C with the bolts.
4 Let go of the hydraulic pump and tighten the four bolts D.
Verify that the pump is horizontally suspended and does not incline upwards.
A B

Figure 3.47 Figure 3.48

48 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5 Clamp the top rod to eliminate any lateral play. If necessary, use the enclosed spacers between
the rod and the top rod mount. Lock the bolt with the locking nut on the outside.

Figure 3.49

Operation:
The fan is designed to be driven at 1000 rpm via the PTO shaft of the tractor. The upper alarm
limit of the control box has been preset at a fan speed of 4800 rpm, which is reached at 1100 rpm
on the PTO. The maximum allowable fan speed is 6000 rpm.
Depress the button 18 until the fan speed is displayed on the control box.
The fan alarm of the control box has been factory preset to a minimum speed of 3800 rpm and a
maximum speed of 4800 rpm. The alarm limits can be adjusted in the control box. For more in-
formation, see ”3.16.3 Programming the Type III Control Box” on page 54.
NOTE!During operation, the oil temperature may become very high (above 80oC)!

Before starting:
! Check that no cables or bolts are loose.
! Check that the oil level is in the upper half of the inspection window.
! Check that the pump is securely mounted and that the pump mount is secure.
! Check that all hoses are free from damage and properly suspended.
Normal start-up:
Always start the pump with the tractor at idle and let it run for a while to allow all hoses, the pump
and motor to warm up. Do not start the fan while the tractor is at operating speed. In this case cold,
viscous oil and pressure peaks will shorten the service life of the system.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 49
Instructions and settings

Operation:

Figure 3.50

The air volume is adjusted by using the sliding damper. The damper has four positions. Refer to
the table below for recommended settings.

Table 3.4 Table of sliding damper settings


Rev speed RD 500 F RD 600 F RD 800 F
4300 rpm 3 3 1
Sliding damper position 1= fully opened.
Small/Grass seed: The fourth or between third and fourth position depending on variety (dressing)
and amount.

50 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.16 Electronic Control Box


3.16.1 Control Box
D

A B
Figure 3.51

The Control box is an electronic control system for operating the bout markers, the seed feed unit,
tramlining etc.
Memory
The Control Box has a memory which can retain various settings: sown area, tramlining, selected
markers, actual sowing bout etc. Even if the Control Box is switched off and the input cables dis-
connected, all information in the memory will be saved. It is always good to make a note of the
relevant sowing settings if a bout is interrupted. This means the Control Box will not be out of step
when work is resumed.
On/Off main switch
Check all connections before switching on the Control Box using the main switch (C).
Autostep
The Control Box normally operates with ‘Autostep’. This means that the Box moves on one step
automatically at the end of each bout. This stepping means that the tramlining and bout marking
programmes are automatically advanced. Autostep of the bout markers can be switched off by tur-
ning switch (A) to the up position.
Low lift Function
Sowing must always be carried out with Low Lift on (Switch B in the middle position) to allow
optimal hydraulic function of the seed drill.
The Low lift function limits the lifting height so that turning can take place quickly and simply
and without unnecessary lifting of the drill.
Tramlining and bout marking are advanced during turning in Autostep. If it is necessary to raise
the drill during a bout, to avoid an obstruction or to go and refill, Autostep and Low lift must first
be switched off. The switches are beside one another.
When sowing is to be resumed, the switches for Autostep and Low lift should be turned on again.
This procedure is necessary to prevent the Control Box getting out of step with the tramlining and
bout changes.
Locking in the working position (Lift stop)
When a bout marker has to be pulled in to avoid an obstruction, switch B must first be moved to
the down position. The marker can then be manipulated using the hydraulic lever. It can be exten-
ded or retracted without affecting sowing depth.
Afterwards, reset switch B to its original (centre) position.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 51
Instructions and settings

3.16.2 Functions of the Control Box


3 4 5 6A 6B 7 8A 8B 9

2 26

25

1 24

23

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20A 20B 21 22
Figure 3.52

1 Manual bout marker switch


2 Function selector for markers off, both up, left out, alternating, right out, both out.
3 Indicator lights for bout marking in progress
4 Tramline guard. These lamps light if the tramline doors do not operate or are incorrectly set.
Applies to machines with mftg. no. 10 950-.
5 Indicator lights for tramlining in progress.
6 Level monitor, low seed level.
7 Warning light, high/low fan revs. A buzzer also sounds.
8 Rotation sensor. Alerts to stationary or slowing seed feed rollers. A buzzer also sounds.
9 Indicates increased or reduced sown amount during electric adjustment of the seed volume.
(Option)
10 ENTER button, confirms selected settings.
11 SET button, allows changes to tramline spacing.
12 Spare switch, not in use.
13 + button, increases tramline spacing.
14 - button, decreases tramline spacing.
Press the SET button and change the tramline spacing using the +/- buttons. Confirm by pres-
sing the ENTER button.
15 Manual advance button for tramlining bouts
16 Autostep. When this is down, tramlining and bout marking are automatically advanced.
17 Switch in up position: The drill can be raised fully and for transport
Switch in middle position: The drill can be raised to Low lift height by tractor hydraulics
Switch in down position: Machine locked in working mode, only the markers can be adjusted
18 Push button, current fan revs.
19 Area meter in ha. Partial area (19), Total area Shift + (19).
20 Seed shut-off.
21 Speedometer, km/hr
22 Shift.
23 Electric adjustment of the seed volume. (Option)

52 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

24 Reset area meter. Press area button, hold RESET (24) down until the numbers stop flashing
25 Power light. Green light = voltage 12 V or more: OK
Red flashing light: = voltage under 12 V: TOO LOW
26 Electric adjustment of the seed volume. (Option)

Figure 3.53

27 Main switch. Tests all functions automatically when turned on.


28 Automatic fuses:
29 Tramlining, left.
30 Lift stop, feed housing cut-off
31 Electric adjustment of the seed volume. (Option)
32 Extra output signal, +12 V
33 Tramlining, right
34 Extra fuse

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 53
Instructions and settings

3.16.3 Programming the Type III Control Box


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Figure 3.54

The Box is always preset at Väderstad for the machine model and size with which it is supplied.
If the Box is replaced or has lost the settings, it must be reset.
The procedure for changing the settings such as alarm times, area metering etc is also described
here.
NOTE!After completing programming, be sure to switch off the power switch on the control box.
When the control box is later switched on, it is in the drive mode.
Basic settings are made by pressing the symbols on the Cal1 strip on the Box.
1 Switch the Box on while pressing * (button 6). Cal1 appears in the RH display.
The selected setting has been stored only when ENTER stops flashing in the LH display. In the
RH display, the setting adjusted last (except drill model) continues to flash.

2 Machine type. Button 1.


Advance using the button (1) until the correct values appear in the display. (rdF.3 = 300-450
F, rdF.5 = 500-800 F, Con = Concorde, rdS = Rapid S, rdC = Rapid C).

Then press ENTER .


NOTE! Be careful not to confuse the ‘S’ in RdS with ‘5’, which looks the same!

3 Machine width. Button 12.

Press SET until the correct symbol (number or decimal point) flashes, then alter using

the or .. Repeat SET if more than one value is to be changed. Then press ENTER.

54 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

4 Area meter. Button 13.


The RH display shows the value entered.
The area meter on the Box receives a signal from the drive wheel once per rotation. The cir-
cumference of the drive wheel has been stored in the memory of the Control Box and the Box
converts to area covered. In loose or cloddy conditions, or if the drive wheel slips, the preset
value may need to be altered to obtain the true area.
Press SET and alter using + or -. Repeat SET for each symbol to be altered. Then press EN-
TER.
The preset value for the Rapid P is 2.4.
To alter:
If the area shown is too low, the value must be increased. Example: If the area is 10% too low,
increase the value by 10% of 2.4 = (2.4+0.24) = 2.64.
If the area shown is too large, the value must be reduced. Example: If the area is 10% too high,
decrease the value by 10% = (2.4-0.24) = 2.16.
NOTE! The same value applies for all sizes of a particular model.
Calibration of the automatic system
Hold button 13 for as long as AUtO CAL continues to flash in the LH display and 0 (zero) in
the RH. Drive for exactly 100 m in the field to be sown. Then press ENTER. The Box calcu-
lates the circumference of the wheel and shows the calculated value. This gives a more accurate
measure of the area covered from the start, since it takes soil conditions into account (wheel
slip, stones, etc.)
The speed shown is also more accurate after calibration of the automatic system.

5 Fan revs. Buttons and .


The Box is fitted with a rev counter for the fan and the Box has an alarm for either too high or
too low rev counts. The boundary values can be set using buttons 7 and 8. The factory settings
are 3800 and 4800 revs/min.
Press SET and alter the values using + and -. Repeat SET for each number to be changed. Then
press ENTER

6 Alarm delay. Button 10


The Box produces both visible and audible signals. An incorrect rev count for the fan produces
an instant alarm, while the alarm from the feed roller sensor is delayed somewhat to prevent
alarms occurring at low driving speeds. This delay must of course be as short as possible to
allow even short sudden stops to be detected.
The delay can be adjusted.
Basic setting of the control box version 15 (mfg. no. -10 133) = 10
10 correspond to approx. 1,5 sec.
5 correspond to approx. 0,5 sec.
30 correspond to approx. 4,0 sec.
Basic setting of the control box version (mfg. no. 10 134-) = 1.0
The setting is done real-time (sec.). The delay can be set with 0.1-second precision.
Note the decimal point! E.g. 1.0 = 1 seconds
Press SET and adjust using + and -. Repeat the SET procedure for each new item to be adjus-
ted.
When finished, press ENTER.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 55
Instructions and settings

7 BOX Type Button 9


Type 3, mftg. no. -10 949
Type 4, mftg. no. 10 950-
Press button 9 once or twice until the correct type is displayed.
Complete by pressing ENTER.
NOTE! After completing programming, be sure to switch off the power switch on the control
box. When the control box is later switched on, it is in the drive mode.
8 Resetting
If the Box begins to behave strangely or the text in the displays becomes illegible, then a fault
has occurred in the processor. Such faults can be fixed by resetting the Box.
Press the end buttons (1 and 15) while the Box is being turned on. dAtA SEt should appear in
the displays. Then reprogramme the Box.
Buttons 14 and 15 have no function on this machine.
Switch off the Box after reprogramming and then switch it on again. It is now ready.

56 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

9 Calibration of electric adjustment of the sown amount (option)


The control box is normally calibrated against the electric setting device. Calibration should be
performed when the equipment is post-fitted or if the control box or the setting device is repla-
ced.
Calibrate as follows:
A Connect the control box to the drill.
B Depending on the type of remote control used, connect the remote control connector to the con-
trol box or to the triangular connector on the machine cabling. Place the remote control close
to the seed box on the machine allowing a full view of the setting device and the scale.

Figure 3.55

C Set the handle to the calibration position as shown in “Figure 3.55”.

D Keep button (1) at the very left of the control box depressed while simultaneously swit-
ching on the control box. Keep the button depressed for approximately 10 seconds. This will
access the Cal2 calibration programme.

E Press button (14) on the control box.


F Run the setting device against the scale value 0 on the seed box using the minus button on the
remote control.
NOTE! Immediately release the button at the end position (i.e., when the motor stops tur-
ning).
G Set the setting device to the scale value of 140 on the seed box using the plus button on the
remote control.
NOTE! Immediately release the button at the end position (i.e., when the motor stops tur-
ning).
H Return to the scale value of 1.
I Enter the start value 1 using the + and - keys, move to the digit to be changed using the SET
key and complete by pressing ENTER.
J Set the setting device to the scale value of 135 using the remote control.
K Enter the value 135 on the control box using the + and - buttons, move to the digit to be changed
using the SET button and complete by pressing ENTER. "Call done" is displayed on the right
of the display. Calibration is now complete.
L Switch off the control box.
M Switch on the control box. All current values are then stored and the electric setting device is
ready for use.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 57
Instructions and settings

3.16.4 Settings and functions

Setting the bout markers


3 4 5 6A 6B 7 8A 8B 9

2 26

25

1 24

23

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20A 20B 21 22
Figure 3.56

Set the bout marker function selector (2) to alternating for automatic changeover of the mar-
kers. Step the correct marker on before the first bout using the manual advance switch (1).
The lights (3) will only show power reaching the relevant hydraulic valve provided that the drill
is under Low lift height. The bout markers are activated when the hydraulic takeoff for lifting and
lowering is moved.
Obstructions
If there is an obstruction in front of a marker, Lift stop must be activated to allow the marker to be
moved without lifting the drill. This is done by putting switch 17 in the down position.
If there is an obstruction under the drill, Auto step (16) must be switched off and then 17 moved
to the up position (high-lift). Raise the drill with the hydraulic lever, drive over the obstruction
and lower the drill again. Start Autostep 16 and return 17 to its original position.

58 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Alarms
The Control Box has inbuilt alarms, which warn of faults occurring in the machine. The alarms
are signalled by buzzers and/or flashing lights.

Table 3.5
Alarm Buzzer Light Display
Low seed level X
Low fertilizer level X
Low/high fan revs X X
Left/ fore feed sensor X X
Right/rear feed sensor X X
Fuse fault Err4 FUSE
Tramlining X X

Setting tramlining
Press the SET button and change the tramline spacing using the + or - buttons. Press ENTER to
store the settings.
Press the Manual advance button (15) to give the correct starting value in the display.
The Box has the following tramlining programmes:
Table 3.6
Version <16, (Mfg. No. -10 164) Version >19, (Mfg. No. 10 165-)
0=No tramlining 0=No tramlining
1-10=Standard 1-20=Standard
12=Not in use on the Rapid 22=Not in use on the Rapid
14=Tramlining at 16 or 18 m RD 400 F/450 F 24=Tramlining at 16 or 18 m RD 400 F/450 F
14=Tramlining at 24 or 27 m RD 400 F/450 F 24=Tramlining at 24 or 27 m RD 400 F/450 F
15=Tramlining at 32 or 36 m RD 400 F/450 F 25=Tramlining at 32 or 36 m RD 400 F/450 F
16=Tramlining at 32 or 36 m RD 400 F/450 F 26=Tramlining at 32 or 36 m RD 400 F/450 F
18=Not in use on the Rapid 28=Not in use on the Rapid
20=Not in use on the Rapid 30=Not in use on the Rapid

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 59
Instructions and settings

3.16.5 Electric adjustment of the sown amount (Option)


D E1 E2

F
Figure 3.57

The sown amount can be increased or decreased in steps of 10% from the default value.
Setting the default value:
Set the handle A to the position B. Set the default value using the switch C. The scale value is
shown in the right part of the display, D.
Using an increased or decreased sown amount:
Set the handle A to the desired percentage (in steps of 10%, e.g., position 2 for 20 %).
Increase in sown amount:
Flick the switch C briefly upwards to increase the sown amount: the scale value then increases to
the next ten digit percentage value. The E1 indicator first blinks and then lights when the increased
amount is reached.
To return to the default value, flick the switch C briefly downwards: the scale value is then de-
creased. Both E indicators first blink and then go out when the default value is reached.
Reduction in sown amount:
(to use this function, the drive wheel must be turning)
Flick the switch C briefly downwards to reduce the sown amount: the scale value then decreases
to the next ten digit percentage value. The E2 indicator first blinks and then lights when the de-
creased amount is reached. To return to the default value, flick the switch C briefly upwards.
Example:
The default is set to 100 according to the above explanations.
Set the handle A to 2 (=20 %).
Using switch C, it is now possible to adjust the scale value between 80 ↔ 100 ↔ 120.
When the system is set to an increased or decreased sown amount (E1 or E2 lights), it is also pos-
sible to change the scale value in steps of 10% using the handle A.
The current scale value can be verified at any time by pressing the button F.
Among the accessories, there is also a remote control that can be placed on the drill. This is used
e.g., to increase or decrease the sown amount when calibrating the seed rate.
The scale value cannot be reduced if the feed roller is not moving. Consequently, if the scale in-
dication must be changed when the machine is not moving, turn the drive wheel by hand.

60 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.16.6 Fuses

Figure 3.58
On the RH side there are six trip fuses. Fuse faults are indicated by Err4 in the left and FUSE in the
right display.
Fuse layout is shown in ”3.16.2 Functions of the Control Box” on page 52, points 29-34.
It is not possible to see which fuse has tripped since the white buttons do not pop out. Feel with your
finger. When the fuse is reset, the message in the display will disappear. A fuse is only tripped by a
power surge, i.e. a short circuit in one of the circuits. Therefore try to find the fault before resetting
the fuse.

3.16.7 Tramlining flaps

Figure 3.59 Figure 3.60

Tramlining is carried out by the spring loaded tramlining flaps (A) which are integrated into the out-
lets of the seed distributor heads in the seed hopper. In the activated position (Position 1) the flaps are
raised into place to close the outlet while opening a trap to allow seed to return to the hopper.
The flaps are controlled by a spring (B) on a motor driven disc (C) under the distributor head. The
electric motor has three connections to the Control box: An earth, an ON signal and an OFF signal.
Check the function of the tramlining system at the start of the season and at regular intervals throug-
hout the season, see ”4.2 Checking the seed feed” on page 70.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 61
Instructions and settings

3.16.8 Tramline options


The RD 300-450 F models are supplied with equipment for centre marking installed.
The RD 450 F models are fitted to order with either centre marking or side marking. In centre mar-
king the lines will be symmetrical in relation to the centre line of the drill. In side marking a line
is marked on the left-hand side of the seed drill in the course of two consecutive bouts.

Table 3.7 Tramlining options


RD 300 F 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24 metre
RD 400 F centre marking 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 metre RD 400 F side marking 16, 24 and 32 metre
RD 450 F centre marking 9, 18, 27 metre RD 450 F side marking 18, 27 and 36 metre
The drill is supplied having two or three row shutoff. If one row shutoff is required, it can be ac-
hieved by changing the flap springs for the outlets which are not required to tramline, see ”3.17.2
Adjusting row shutoff” on page 64.
For control or alteration of the track width, see ”3.17.1 Adjusting track width” on page 64.
Tramlining of various spacings is set using the + and - buttons on the Control Box, see ”3.16.2
Functions of the Control Box” on page 52. Bring up the starting values for the first bout using the
manual step button 15. Tramlining is in operation when lights 5 are on. For successful tramlining,
it is essential to work out the tramline layout before starting work.
Example: RD 400 F to produce 24 m tramlines. Set the multiple selector to 6 (24/4=6). Advance
to a start value of 3.

RD 300 F/6 m
RD 450 F/9 m

RD 400 F/12 m

RD 300 F/12 m
RD 400 F/16 m
RD 450 F/ 18 m

RD 300 F/15 m
RD 400 F/20 m

RD 500 F/18 m
RD 600 F/24 m
RD 800 F/27 m

RD 300 F/24 m

RD 450 F/18 m

RD 450 F/27 m

Figure 3.61

62 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

Table 3.8 The most common tramlining systems (centre marking)


Machine Tramlining Multiple selector Start Remarks
width value
RD 300 F 6m 2 1 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 300 F 12 m 4 2 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 300 F 15 m 5 3
RD 300 F 18 m 6 3 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 300 F 24 m 8 4 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 400 F 12 m 3 2
RD 400 F 16 m 4 2 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 400 F 20 m 5 3
RD 400 F 24 m 6 3 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 450 F 9m 2 1 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 450 F 18 m 4 2 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
RD 450 F 27 m 6 3 First bout half overlapped by the second bout.*
* The seed dosage can be reduced by 30% during the first two bouts. Do not forget to reset the
seed dosage before the third bout.

Table 3.9 Side-aligning tramlining system


Machine Tramlining Multiple selector Start Remarks
width value
10 026-10 164 10 165-
RD 400 F 16 14 24 1 Start at left-hand edge of field.
RD 400 F 24 15 25 1 Start at left-hand edge of field.
RD 400 F 32 16 26 1 Start at left-hand edge of field.
RD 450 F 18 m 14 24 1 Start at left-hand edge of field.
RD 450 F 27 m 15 25 1 Start at left-hand edge of field.
RD 450 F 36 m 16 26 1 Start at left-hand edge of field.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 63
Instructions and settings

3.17 Tramlining
3.17.1 Adjusting track width

Figure 3.62

The Rapid drill is usually supplied with the row shutoff and track width specified by the customer.
However, it is possible to change these if necessary:
! A different track width can be obtained by shifting the feed hoses to the seed coulters.
Example: A track width of 1.75 m can be increased to 2.0 m by moving the front left and rear
right one step outwards. A track width of 1.5 can be produced by moving the rear left and the fore
right one step inward (Y). For bigger changes in track width, it may be necessary to move the ho-
ses inside the hopper instead.

3.17.2 Adjusting row shutoff

417772, 300 F
417795
417766, 400 F
417770, 450 F

Figure 3.63

Tramlining can be done with 1, 2 or 3 row shutoff.


! The sowing row shutoff can be altered by exchanging the spring under the distributor head for
an operating spring (417772, 417776) or a parking spring (417795) depending on whether
more or less rows are to be shut off.

Table 3.10 Possible track widths


One row shutoff Two row shutoff Three row shut-off
C-C 138 cm C-C 150 cm -
C-C 163 cm C-C 175 cm C-C 163 cm
C-C 188 cm C-C 200 cm C-C 188 cm
C-C 213 cm C-C 225 cm C-C 213 cm
C-C 238 cm C-C 250 cm -

64 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.18 Adjusting the following harrow

Figure 3.64 Figure 3.65

Fit the following harrow, see ”2.14 Fitting the following harrow” on page 22
1 Select a suitable operating angle using the series of holes (B)
2 Check that the tines of the following harrow are centred midway between the wheels and in the
centre of the wheel tracks respectively. When the tines of the following harrow run between
the rows in this way, a lot of effect can be used on the harrow without the seed being disturbed.
This allows an evaporation layer to be harrowed up during sowing. The working pressure
on the following harrow can be adjusted to the required level by turning screw (A). Do not
over-extend this screw to the end of the spring as this will limit movement and ground clearan-
ce . The following harrow should be adjusted so that it remains in working position when tur-
ning with the drill in Low lift at headlands. This eradicates the tracks left by the drill during
turning.
Do not reverse without raising the drill fully so that the following harrow has
sufficient ground clearance.

3.19 Adjusting Low lift height

Figure 3.66

Low lift height can be adjusted by moving the reed switch up or down in its holder using the wing
bolt (A) which is tightened using the wing nut (B).
NOTE!This setting must be exact. The Low lift height must not be set either too high or too low.
Too high a setting reduces the pressure on the following harrow in the headlands (unless this is
required). Too low a setting means that tool bars and discs do not have sufficient ground clearance
when raised. Too low a setting can also cause malfunction of Autostep in the Control Box. See
”6.2 Troubleshooting list” on page 91.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 65
Instructions and settings

3.20 Folding platform, mfg. no. -10 309

Figure 3.67

The platform can be folded back to allow access for service and maintenance work. Secure the
platform with R-clips on both sides. If a rear railing is fitted, this must first be removed. Be safety
conscious, replace the rail once work is completed.

3.21 Locking the lifting rams during service

Figure 3.68 Figure 3.69

Never work beneath the drill during service or maintenance without first ensuring that it is safely
supported on stands and that all lifting rams are locked. There is 1 lifting ram to control sowing
depth of the drill and one push rod ram (extra in certain markets).The rams can be locked using
the relevant yellow locking devices. Raise the drill to the topmost position and push the stop onto
the master ram towards the cylinder end until the pin slips into place.
Service work on the hydraulic system must always be done with the wing sections (RD 400-450
F) out and the drill lowered to the ground.

66 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

3.22 Adjusting the seed coulters

A B

C 1

3 2
Figure 3.70 Figure 3.71

NOTE!Before carrying out any work under the drill, make sure it is fully secure.
To ensure a satisfactory sowing result, it is important that the seed boxes are correctly installed on
the drill. Determine the installation height with regard to the conditions and the wear of the disc.
When the drill has been lowered with the discs resting on firm ground, the seed boxes should not
reach the surface (C > 0 mm). For sowing without ploughing in ground rich with straw litter as
well as for sowing in light soils, too low an installation may cause the discs to stop rotating. If
installed too high, seed placement may be impaired.
The seed coulters are spring-mounted on two bolts and the soft washers press the coulters closer
to the discs as the nuts are tightened. The nuts should not be tightened so much that the coulters
cannot be rocked by hand. It is important that the coulters do not press too hard against the discs
since this increases both wear and rotation friction.
In very loose soil and/or for very shallow sowing depth, the nuts may need to be loosened.
The drill should be hosed out before replacing seed coulters. When new coulters are fitted, the
width of the gap between coulters and discs must be checked. The gap must be wider at the top to
prevent blockage by straw or other trash. If the coulters are not making contact correctly, they be
adjusted by moving the metal plates at positions A and B inside or outside the mounting. The point
of contact can also be adjusted slightly by tightening the front nut more than the rear.

Table 3.11
Position Reference gaps between discs and coulters
1 > 0 mm
2 0 mm
3 > 0 mm

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 67
Instructions and settings

3.23 Scrapers
B

Figure 3.72

The scrapers have two positions. When the scraper blade (A) can no longer be adjusted, the play
of the scraper itself (B) can be adjusted .
NOTE!Under no circumstances should the distance between the edge of the scraper blade and the
tyre be less than 5 mm. This is to prevent damage to the scraper and the tyre. The scraper should
also be positioned so that the fixing nuts of the blade are not in contact with the tyre.
If after fitting, the lateral position of the scraper is not correct, it can be adjusted using a suitable
tool.

68 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

4 Advice on sowing

4.1 Sowing depth

Figure 4.1

See ”3.6 Adjusting sowing depth” on page 33.


The most important task for the Rapid operator is to carefully and continually check the sowing
depth. The sowing depth is set using the depth stop on the lifting ram. The numbers on the scale
do not represent absolute values of sowing depth in centimetres. Rather, they should be seen as a
guide.
The Rapid seed drill can be used under a great variety of conditions, ranging from direct drilling
to sowing directly after ploughing. This is possible thanks to the design of features such as the
coulter system and the unique depth control system.
Sowing depth must adapted to suit the crop, the soil type and the soil conditions at the time of so-
wing. Shallow sowing depths require very good conditions for germination in terms of moisture
and fineness of tilth, especially on e.g. silty soils. Sowing too deep can give rise to weakened seed-
lings.
On fields with varying soil type, sowing depth should be checked and adjusted continually to en-
sure that the correct sowing depth is maintained throughout the field.
Sowing depth must be adjusted with the aim of placing the seed in moist soil, yet not too deep.
The correct preparation of the tilth prior to sowing is essential for producing the right conditions
for germination.
Sowing depth should be checked regularly during the day, for example after every 4 hectares or
once an hour. Check the sowing depth midway between the tractor tracks, within a tractor track,
and behind the left and the right wing sections. If the sowing depth of the wings is different from
that of the centre section, the settings of the wing sections must be adjusted with the relevant
crank, see ”3.6 Adjusting sowing depth” on page 33 and ”3.7 Adjusting the wing sections” on
page 34. This includes the settings of the wing sections.
Check with equal regularity that the depth stop for setting sowing depth has remained in place. If
the depth stop has moved, it is normally not sufficient to try to tighten it. The depth stop should
only be tightened very lightly. See ”3.6 Adjusting sowing depth” on page 33.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 69
Advice on sowing

4.2 Checking the seed feed

Figure 4.2

The seed feed should be checked at the same time as the sowing depth, i.e. after every 4 hectares
or once an hour.
When checking the seed feed, you must ensure that the drill appear to be delivering the same
quantity from each coulter. Lift the machine to the low-lift position. Then set the low-lift switch
to the full-lift position.
Manually turn the drive wheel one full turn when the fan is not running (for safety reasons). Then
start the fan and check that the seed has been blown out. If you are not sure whether the seed has
blown out, repeat this procedure.
Start with tramlining activated and with all coulters except those switched off for tramlining deli-
vering seed. Then advance past the tramlining function and check if these coulters are now deli-
vering seed.
Get into the routine of quickly looking over the drive shafts, gears and chains to see that everyth-
ing looks normal and is still in place. Check regularly that the seed feed roller is rotating at a con-
stant speed by checking the indicator lights, see “Figure 3.43” point 8.
This sowing system has been developed to deliver even seed feed and reliable sowing rates. Vä-
derstad-Verken AB shall not be held liable for any claims for indirect or consequential damages
relating to losses incurred in connection with the use of the drill. In addition Väderstad-Verken
AB accepts no liability for losses arising from incorrect use of the sowing or seed feed functions
of the drill or any part thereof.
It is the responsibility of the operator to use properly pre-treated seed, treated with dressings which
do not impair or prevent seed feed. Note that the use of seed types larger than normal pea seed can
block the seed feed system.

70 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

4.3 Sowing headlands

Figure 4.3

In dry and fine conditions, the headlands should be sown first. In wet conditions or on soils
susceptible to compaction, higher yields can be obtained if the headlands are sown last.
The headlands can be marked out by finishing off the last tillage operation before sowing (e.g. au-
tumn harrowing) by harrowing the headlands last. This ensures that the outermost headland bout
is at the correct distance from the edge of the field.

4.4 Engaging the drill

Figure 4.4

The drill must always be moving forwards when it is first entering the soil. Hold the hydraulic le-
ver in the pressure position, i.e. in ‘lowering’ position until the bout markers are fully extended.
Check on the Control box that bout marking has advanced and that the relevant lights come on,
go off or change over during lifting.
During sowing, all switches should normally be in the ‘up’ position, which means that Lift stop is
off, Low lift is on, Autostep is on and that the feed switches are turned to the on position.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 71
Advice on sowing

4.5 Tramlining
The tramline options possible and the settings on the Control Box are described in ”3.16.3 Pro-
gramming the Type III Control Box” on page 54 and ”3.16.8 Tramline options” on page 62.
During sowing, the most important thing to remember about tramlining is to shut off Autostep
before doing anything other than normal sowing or turning in headlands between bouts.
So, remember to switch Autostep off before raising the drill to pass an obstruction.
When stopping to re-fill the hopper or for a rest period, raise the drill out of the last bout and wait
10 seconds. Then turn off Autostep. Autostep does not have to be turned off, however, if no other
lifting is to be done during the rest period. Move the switch back to Autostep before the drill is
raised for the first time once work is resumed.

4.6 Bout markers


The Control Box setting for the markers are described in ”3.16.4 Settings and functions” on page
58. See also ”4.7 Obstructions” on page 72 and ”4.8 Turning with Low lift” on page 72.
Once a reliable setting for the bout markers has been found, it is a good idea to mark this position
using e.g. a centre punch. Check occasionally that the marker tines are securely tightened.
The final tillage operation before sowing should preferably not be done in exactly the same direc-
tion as that intended for sowing, but at a slight angle to it.

4.7 Obstructions
Switch off Autostep, see “Figure 3.43” point 16, before the drill is raised to sow around a post,
well or other obstacle.
NOTE!When the drill is raised to clear an obstruction during a bout, the drive wheel will also be
raised, which stops the seed feed. This can occur even with very slight raising of the drill.
During sowing, the bout markers can be retracted to avoid an obstruction by moving the Lift stop
switch, see “Figure 3.43” point 17, to the down position and moving the hydraulic lever to lift po-
sition. The markers will now fold in while the drill remains in work. Extend the markers again. In
this case, neither Autostep nor the multiple selector for the markers needs to be moved.

4.8 Turning with Low lift


When the drill is lifted out of work at the headland, the drive wheel is raised and the bout marker
is retracted. If Low lift is activated, the drill will be raised to Low lift height.
When the drill is raised at the headland the bout markers and tramlining sequence is automatically
advanced one position. If the drill will not lift, Lift stop is probably switched on, with the switch
in the down position. If the markers and tramlining do not advance automatically, Autostep is pro-
bably switched off.
When turning in Low lift, the following harrow remains in work during the entire turn.
NOTE!Before reversing the machine, Low lift must be switched off and the drill raised to the full
lift position.

72 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

4.9 Autumn sowing


All tillage operations must be able to deal with soil compaction, trash and weeds. Before sowing,
these factors must be considered and dealt with. If the soil is very compacted, it must be loosened,
and if there is a lot of chopped straw present it must be incorporated. This can be done either by
conventional ploughing or by ploughless cultivation, using the right equipment and techniques. If
the soil is infested with couch-grass, then this must be treated in an appropriate way.

4.10 Direct drilling


Under favourable conditions such as good seed bed structure, adequate soil moisture and the ab-
sence of deep tracks or furrows, the drill can be used for direct drilling. A low operating speed will
help maintain uniform sowing depth.
Direct drilling works best when the straw has been removed either by baling or burning. Straw and
chaff remaining on the surface must be evenly distributed. Direct drilling after straw burning gives
the most reliable establishment of crops. The most commonly direct-drilled crop is winter rape,
which is usually very successful if conditions are reasonable and if the straw has been burnt.

4.11 Ploughless tillage


For autumn sowing in very trashy conditions, tillage operations should be carried out as follows:
If possible, combine harvest at a 90o angle to the proposed direction of sowing. Work the soil 2-3
times in different directions with a tine or disc cultivator, making sure that the final pass is not in
the same direction as that intended for sowing. The first cultivation should be done as soon after
harvest as possible, with subsequent cultivation/s and sowing at 1-2 week intervals, if time allows.
When sowing wheat after wheat, it is recommended that the straw be removed, or burnt where per-
mitted, to prevent fungal diseases.
Autumn sowing after ploughless tillage often means that the soil is well loosened and fluffy. The
Rapid drill is often used for sowing directly after the cultivator. The Rapid drill with double tool
bars can level and drill into a trashy seedbed. Before drilling into a ‘fluffy’ seedbed, an extra rol-
ling may be needed. In these conditions, the drill can operate at very high driving speeds, 12-14
km/hr.
Rolling using ‘Crosskill’ rings after cultivation, or in tandem with the cultivator, is very effective
and makes for easier sowing.
In very trashy seedbeds, it may be necessary in some conditions to move the seed coulters up a
notch to prevent straw jamming between the coulters and the discs, ”3.22 Adjusting the seed coul-
ters” on page 67. Check and adjust sowing depth.

4.12 Sowing after ploughing


On light soils and on very heavy soils, the Rapid drill makes it possible to reduce the number of
tillage passes between ploughing and sowing.
Light soils may only need to be levelled and pressed once after ploughing before sowing with the
Rapid drill.
On heavy soils, where it is often difficult to cultivate to a fine tilth, the seed can be cut into the
seedbed after 2-3 cultivations and the following harrow will cover the seed.
Use centre and wing packers for best results.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 73
Advice on sowing

4.13 Spring sowing


To ensure good emergence after spring tillage, the following points should be observed:
! Level the soil in the autumn until the surface variation is 10 cm or less.
! Sow early, this requires good capacity and technology
! Ensure a uniform sowing depth
! Avoid incorporating dry soil into the germination zone
! Re-compact very loose soil
! Sow in moist soil
! Firm the rows
! Use the following harrow to create an evaporation barrier on the surface

4.14 The Väderstad concept - spring sowing - “Till a bit


shallower and drill a bit deeper”
This applies mainly to clay soils.
The Väderstad concept is based on very shallow, light cultivation in the spring followed by Rapid
drilling where the seed is cut into the moist seedbed to a controlled depth. This fulfils the demands
for an evaporation barrier and a moist germination zone in a unique way.
Recommendations:
! Do not cultivate too deep, 2-3 cm.
! This should be 4 cm when drilling cereals on clay soils
! The pressure and angle of the following harrow should be adjusted so that wheel tracks are er-
adicated.
This is a very reliable method of establishment!

4.15 The Tolefors concept


The Tolefors concept - spring sowing into soil well-tilled in autumn - is an increasingly popular
spring sowing method. The method is based on levelling the soil well in the autumn after heavy
cultivation but avoiding fine tillage, and then direct drilling early in spring without any previous
spring tillage.
Recommendations for early direct drilling:
1 Level the soil in the autumn
2 Use low tractor tyre pressure, < 50 kPa.
3 Grey layer on the surface, 2-3 cm dry soil.
4 The soil should be moist but pliable for the drill
5 For very early drilling, with practically no dry surface layer, use of tine beams or following
harrow is not recommended.
6 Sowing depth 4 cm, well within the moist layer. Sowing of spring rape not advisable.
7 Sow headlands last, if possible.
8 Seed rate plus 0-10% due to slight clogging during very early drilling.
9 Check the evaporation barrier, for pan formation and remove stones 5-10 days after sowing.

74 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

4.16 Cultivating silty soils


4.16.1 Spring sowing on silty soils
Silty soils are very slow to dry out and warm up in the spring. This is mainly due to the excellent
capacity of these soils for capillary transport of water to the surface. Autumn ploughed silty soils
have time to consolidate during the winter and this produces the continuity of pores which creates
good capillarity and resultant slow surface drying in the spring.
Results indicate that spring ploughing is better than autumn ploughing on silty soils. This is be-
cause spring ploughing can temporarily interrupt capillary transport of water. Some excess water
has also been removed and some warmth incorporated into the soil.
The motto on silty soils is: shallow sowing in a warm fine seedbed, after a spring cultivation
such as ploughing to break capillary transport. The important point is to loosen the silty soil
to some depth in spring. This helps root development, gets some heat into the soil and allows any
subsequent pan formation to be dealt with.
Shallow placement of the seed is important on silty soils to ensure rapid emergence before a sur-
face pan can form and to produce more robust seedlings. A robust seedling is more likely to sur-
vive pan formation.
On silty soils, it is often possible to Rapid drill directly after cultivating or ploughing. Use the tool
bar!

4.16.2 Ploughless tillage - a possibility for silty clays


An interesting method is to increase the humus content and aggregate stability of the surface layer
by systematic shallow incorporation of straw, farmyard manure or even green manure, while re-
placing the plough by shallow cultivation to 15 cm.
The following conditions should be met for successful ploughless tillage:
! Good wheel equipment on all heavy machinery
! Effective stubble treatment equipment
! A means of dealing with couch-grass within the crop rotation
! A suitable crop rotation, preferably including green manure
! Effective straw disposal in autumn, short stubble after combining or stubble trimming.
! A drill which can handle shallow sowing into a very trashy seedbed.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 75
Maintenance and service

5 Maintenance and service

Figure 5.1 Figure 5.2 Figure 5.3

NOTE!During all work under the drill or where there is a danger of crushing, the drill must be
completely and securely supported. Secure the drill on trestles or stands and lock all lifting
rams with their yellow locking devices. See ”3.21 Locking the lifting rams during service” on
page 66.
Ensure also that the surface supporting the trestles is firm enough to support them. If the hopper
is full, which it ought not to be, the weight of the drill is considerable. A full RD 300 F weighs
around 4 500 kg, an RD 400 F around 6 000 kg and an RD 450 F 7 000 kg, so the supporting trest-
les must therefore be approved for weights greater than 3 000 and 3 500 kg respectively.
The platform can be folded up to allow access for some service operations, see ”3.20 Folding plat-
form, mfg. no. -10 309” on page 66.

5.1 General maintenance

Figure 5.4

A machine is only as good as the service it receives!


Before starting work, check that all nuts and screws are tightened. During the season, check the
tightness of nuts and screws regularly, as well as the wear on linkages and the hydraulic ram
mountings.
NOTE!The screws holding links should not be tightened so much that movement in the linkage is
restricted.
The hydraulic system does not normally require any maintenance, but check that the hoses and
couplings are undamaged.
NOTE!Dirt must be kept out of the hydraulic system during any service work. Wipe with clean
paper or a clean rag. Lay the parts on a clean surface (not directly on the work bench). Rinse off
parts with e.g. a degreasing compound before fitting them.
Always grease the piston rods after cleaning them or if the drill is not going to be used for a long
time.
Grease galvanized and chromium plated surfaces before long periods of storage.
To maintain the quality of this seed drill, always use Väderstad original spare
parts.

76 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5.2 Seed feed housing and rape brush

Figure 5.5 Figure 5.6

The inside of the seed feed housing must be cleaned out regularly and frequent checks must be
made for signs of wear on plastic and rubber components. It is specially important to ensure that
seed additive deposits do not build up in the scoops, reducing their volume.
The casing with the scale can be drained from below and can be rinsed through once the feed hou-
sing has been turned down nearly to zero.
Clean inside the transparent transmission cover when necessary.
Check that the blades of the cellwheel do not jam but that they bear against the bottom of the groo-
ve during setting from zero and upwards.
Check the wiring.
Rape brush
Before setting the drill for rapeseed, always check the rape brush and clean it if necessary. Check
that the brush spin easily on it's axle. The rape brush must never be greased.

5.3 PTO shaft, Mfg. No. -10 158

Figure 5.7

Dismantle, clean and oil the PTO shaft once every season. Oil via the grease nipples, see ”5.10
Lubrication points” on page 80. Check that the cover and chains of the PTO shaft are undamaged,
be safety conscious, replace these if necessary.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 77
Maintenance and service

5.4 Fan and fan transmission, Mfg. No. -10 158

Figure 5.8

After 300-500 hectares work, we recommend a thorough inspection of the fan, fan belt, the bea-
rings and axle of the lower fan pulley and the drive axle.

5.5 Drive wheel transmission

Figure 5.9

Remove the chain casing and check the tension in the chain and the condition of the chain. Grease
the chain every 200 ha..

5.6 Locking device, RD 400-450 F

Figure 5.10

Grease the locking device regularly. Use grease on the angled surface of the locking bar and aro-
und where the bar is in contact with the hopper.

78 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5.7 Push rod/ push rod ram

Figure 5.11

Dismantle the push rod at the end of the season and grease the threaded ends of the rod and the
cylinder. Measure the total length of the push rod unit before dismantling it so that it can be reas-
sembled to the correct length. Ensure that both ends of the rod are unscrewed to the same extent
when re-fitting.

5.8 Cleaning

Figure 5.12 Figure 5.13 Figure 5.14

At regular intervals and at the end of the season, check that there is no seed or packaging debris
stuck in the seed hoses or in the seed outlets on the distributor head. At the same time, check the
function of the tramlining flaps.

Figure 5.15

The turn plate made of plastic (A), which controls the doors, must be cleaned regularly.
Clean the hopper, the rape brush, the feed housing and other components at the end of the season.
Check also that no seed has fallen into the ejector tube and the connecting air hose.
Remember that any seed left within the drill can germinate and clog air and seed hoses. Seed can
also attract small rodents which can damage the drill.
Clean the glass plate at the start of every season.
Run the fan for a while to blow-dry the whole system.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 79
Maintenance and service

5.9 Storing the drill

Figure 5.16

The drill should be stored indoors when not in use. This is particularly important because the drill
contains electronic equipment. The electronic components are of very high quality and can
withstand a lot of moisture but we still recommend that the drill be stored indoors. The Control
Box should be stored at room temperature during the winter and between seasons.
Highly finished metal parts of the drill, e.g. the piston rods and wearing surfaces, should be
greased before winter storage.
Ensure that the drill is thoroughly cleaned. Let the emptying hatch remain open and remove the
air hose from the ejector tube to allow air to circulate.
Before the drill is unfolded in freezing temperatures, it must be allowed to stand for a while in a
warm building for the seed hoses to become flexible again.

5.10 Lubrication points


Be safety conscious and do not crawl under the drill to lubricate. Lubricate from above, or support
the drill securely on trestles. See ”1 Safety regualtions” on page 8.
Lubricate regularly as shown below: the disc bearings should be greased until grease appears or
by 2-3 strokes of the grease gun.
The lubrication chart with picture references can be found in the Spare Parts list.

Table 5.1 Lubrication points and intervals


Lubrication intervals
Lubrication points Daily Every 150 h or Qty
week 200/300 ha 300/400/450
PTO shaft X 6
Bout markers X 1/2
Tensioning roller, fan X 1
Drive wheel suspension X 2
Hinges on centre and side sections, wheel beam pivot X 4
Lifting ram head X 1
Disc bearing X 24 / 32 / 36
Wheel hub X 12 / 16 / 18
Wheel fork X 12 / 16 / 18
Grease into all grease nipples at the intervals specified and always after pressure washing the drill.
Never direct water onto a bearing. It is easy to spoil seals and ball bearings with a pressure washer
since water can be forced into the bearing and cause rusting.
Lubricate at the end of each season.

80 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5.11 Changing discs


Make sure that the drill is securely supported on trestles.
When changing discs, use a ratchet spanner or preferably a nut runner. Turn the disc so that the
completely flat side faces the seed coulter.
NOTE!The discs have sharp edges, so wear gloves!
Adjust the coulter if necessary, see ”3.22 Adjusting the seed coulters” on page 67.

5.12 Changing disc bearings

Figure 5.17 Figure 5.18 Figure 5.19

These consist of a ball bearing which is pressed onto the disc hub and secured with a circlip. Cir-
clip pliers and a puller should be use to dismantle the bearing. A special puller can be ordered from
Väderstad-Verken AB, Part No. 413549.
When the bearings are changed, the new seals must be greased. See the diagram for details on the
orientation of the seal components. The bearing must be tight on the disc hub. Every bearing has
a grease nipple which must be greased after every 150 hours of work and always after pressure
washing, or at least once a season. Pump in grease until some appears.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 81
Maintenance and service

5.13 Changing seed coulter mounting bolts

Figure 5.20 Figure 5.21

The disc arm has two recessed bolts for the coulter mounting. If these cannot be driven out, they
must be cut and ground level with the arm. It may be necessary to remove the entire disc arm to
do this. The bolts can then be driven out using a Ø 13.5 mm punch. There may be burrs left in the
hole when the old bolt is removed. File these away so that the new bolt can be driven in more ea-
sily. Press or drive the new bolt in, or draw it into position using a few washers and a nut (not a
lock nut). Grease the threads of the washers and nut well and draw the bolt in using the nut. Be
sure to use enough washers so that the nut does not go beyond the thread on the bolt.
When changing or adjusting the coulters see ”3.22 Adjusting the seed coulters” on page 67.

5.14 Changing wheels

Figure 5.22

A Position the unfolded drill on a firm surface and resting on the discs with the wheels raised.
B Remove the scraper.
C Release the axle and pull the wheel downwards and backwards.
D Fit the axle to the new wheel (the nut on the RH side)
E Roll the wheel into the wheel fork and ensure that the axle is properly into its slots.
F Tighten the axle.

The tyre pressure should be 2.5 kg/cm2.

82 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5.15 Changing the seals on the hydraulic rams

Figure 5.23

NOTE!During service work on the hydraulic system, the wing sections (RD 400-450 F) and the
drill must be fully lowered, with no pressure in their hydraulic systems
Remove the rams completely from the drill before changing the seals.
A Loosen and unscrew the piston rod guide (A) using the special tool (B).
B Withdraw the piston rod and change the seals. In the event of external leakage, change the inner
and outer seals on the piston rod guide (A). In the event of internal leakage, change the seals
on the piston (C).
C Refit the ram.
In the event of external leakage, also check that the rams two external connections have flat and
smooth surfaces.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 83
Maintenance and service

5.16 Changing the valve seals on the lifting ram

Figure 5.24

NOTE!When servicing the hydraulic system, the side sections and the seed drill should be lowe-
red, with zero pressure in the respective hydraulic circuit
A Remove hose (F), with care if there is any pressure left in the system.
B Remove the seat (E), the guide (C) and the piston (A).
C If leaking externally, change the O-ring (B) part no. 407021. If leaking internally change the
seal in the seat (E): First put the O-ring in place in the groove. Put the seal in hot water first,
and press it into a kidney shape to fit it. NOTE! The edge side of the seal should be turned
towards the piston. Use a blunt object to move the seal into place. Carefully insert the piston
to help restore the seal to its round shape.
D Reassemble the valve. Do not forget the two rubber/steel washers.
The valve on the bottom of the lifting ram shuts off the oil flow from the ram after lowering to the
preset working depth.
Working depth is set with the depth stop (A), which actuates the valve via valve rod (D). If the
stop moves along the piston rod so that the working depth gradually increases, the valve is proba-
bly leaky.

84 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5.17 Repairing and replacing seed hoses

Figure 5.25

Repair
If a seed hose is worn or bent, it can be patched with a joint, Part No. 415397 for Ø32 mm hose.
This dimension refers to the internal diameter of the hose and the external diameter of the joint.
Cut the hose in the centre of the damaged area. If necessary, a small section of the damaged area
may be cut off. It the hose is too stiff with the joint and cannot be bent sufficiently when the drill
is folded, it may be necessary to replace the entire hose, or to move part of the hose and join it in
two places.
Replacing seed hoses
Use soapy water on the hoses when removing and refitting. Twist the hose anticlockwise during
removal and replacement so that the spiral reinforcement opens up the hose slightly. Cut the spare
hose to the same length as the old hose.
Order new wearing parts in good time before the season!
Good maintenance means good economy!

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 85
Maintenance and service

5.18 PTO driven hydraulic fan, mftg. no. -10 949


The fan design includes a built-in oil system filled with special oil and fitted with an oil filter. The
system capacity is about 10 litres of oil. Use SHS 46 quality oil.
Be careful during maintenance to prevent impurities entering the oil.
The service life of the system entirely depends on the oil quality used, both in terms of purity and
its condition.
5.18.1 Filling up oil:
Fill up oil when the oil level falls below 1/4 of the inspection glass.
! Clean the area around the oil filter cap.
! Loosen the cap, carefully lift out the oil filter and place it on a clean surface.
! Fill up oil to about 3/4 of the inspection glass.
! Insert the oil filter and manually tighten the cap.
! Bleed the system (see below) by operating the fan and letting the tractor running at idle for a
couple of minutes. This will also clean the new oil that was filled up.
5.18.2 Oil and filter replacement:

C
Figure 5.26

Replacement interval: 200 hours or every 2nd year.


NOTE!The breathing filter should be replaced at the same time the oil filter is replaced (they are
sold in sets).
! Drain the system by loosening the suction hose (A) from the pump, the drain hose (B) from the
tank, (hold the nipple in position with a wrench when the hose is loosened) and the hose (C)
between the cooler and cooler filter. Lift out the old filters.
! Refit the hoses. Be sure to tighten the suction hose sufficiently to prevent air from entering the
system. Do not tighten the other two hoses too much.
! Fill the tank to the upper level of the inspection glass.
! Insert the new filters and manually tighten the cap.
! Start the fan with the tractor at idle and let the system fill up. After a while, fill up again to the
top of the inspection glass, re-start the fan and let it run at idling power. Then bleed the system
as explained below.
! Check that the oil level after bleeding is at about 3/4 of the inspection glass.

86 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5.18.3 Draining condensed water:


Before the fan is used at the beginning of a new season and when the fan has not been used for a
long time, condensed water should be drained from the tank.
! Place the equipment to allow the tank to rest at an angle towards the drain at the bottom.
! Remove the drain hose (B) from the coupling at the bottom of the tank (hold the nipple in po-
sition with a wrench when the hose is loosened), and drain water from the system.
! Refit the hose and tighten the coupling, but not too hard.
Start-up after filling up oil or replacing the oil and filter:
After having filled up or replaced the oil, air will be mixed with the oil. To avoid damaging the
pump and engine, the air must be removed before the system is allowed to run at full power.
! Start the fan with the tractor at idle power.
! Listen to the fan and wait until it operates smoothly.
! If air bubbles are noticed in the inspection glass, let the fan operate for a while longer at idle
power.
! Increase the fan speed to about 3000 rpm.
! Listen to the fan and wait until it operates smoothly.
! The fan can then be operated at normal power.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 87
Maintenance and service

5.19 PTO driven hydraulic fan, mftg. no. 10 950-


The fan has an inherent oil system with a special oil and a separate filter. The system has a capacity
of approx. 40 liters of oil (SHS 46 quality).
During maintenance work, always pay attention that the oil does not become contaminated.
The service life of the system entirely depends on the quality of the oil both in terms of cleanliness
and its condition.

5.19.1 Filling up oil


Fill up oil to just under 1/4 of the top of inspection window.
! Carefully clean the area around the lid (A) and the open the lid.
! Fill up oil to about 3/4 of the inspection window.
! Replace the lid and tighten by hand.
! In order to bleed the system and to clean the filled-up oil as well, operate the fan while keeping
the tractor at idle for a couple of minutes (see below).

5.19.2 Oil and oil filter replacement


B

A D

C
Figure 5.27

Replacement interval: 200 hours or 2 years.


! Drain the system by disconnecting the suction hose (B) from the pump and opening the cock
(C).
! Disassemble the oil filter (D) by undoing the lid (E) and spring (F).
! Assemble the suction hose anew. To prevent air from entering the system, tighten securely.
! Close the cock (C).
! Fit the new filter and tighten the lid by hand.
! Fill up the tank to the upper edge of the inspection window.
! Allow the system to fill up by starting the fan and keeping the tractor at idle.Refill to 3/4 of the
inspection window, and then restart and let the tractor idle. Bleed the system as explained be-
low.

88 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

5.19.3 Draining condensing water


Prior to first use each season or following extended interruption, be sure to drain condensing water
from the tank.
! Park the machine on an inclination to have the tank inclined towards the drain connector at its
bottom.
! Put a vessel under the cock (C) and open it. Keep the cock open until clean oil comes out. Then
close the cock. If necessary, fill up with oil.
Starting after filling up oil or replacing the filter and oil:
When filling up or replacing the oil, air will mix with the oil in the tank. This air must be removed
prior to operation of the system since it could cause damage to the pump and pump motor.
! Start the fan with the tractor at idle.
! Listen to the fan and wait until it operates smoothly.
! If air bubbles are visible in the inspection window, allow the fan to run another while at idle
speed.
! Increase the fan rpm to approx. 3000 rpm.
! Listen to the fan and wait until it operates smoothly.
! The fan should now be operated at normal operating speed.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 89
Troubleshooting

6 Troubleshooting

6.1 General information on troubleshooting


Many of the functions of the drill are controlled by a series of electrical, hydraulic and mechanical
components. A good way to exclude many of the sources of faults from the start is to first deter-
mine whether the fault is electrical. Therefore, begin by checking whether current is reaching the
last electrical component in the system.
If the fault continues, now check the components which are most easily checked, to exclude
further sources of problems.
Read the appendices ”7.3 Hydraulic diagram” on page 102 and ”7.4 Electrical diagram” on page
108, which may be useful in troubleshooting, as may the description in ”3.16 Electronic Control
Box” on page 51. The following troubleshooting list also refers to ”6.3 Notes on troubleshooting”
on page 97.

6.1.1 Electrical faults


General checks for electrical faults:
! Is the Control Box properly connected to the tractor?
! Is at least 12 V reaching the Control Box from the tractor, is the power light green?
! Have the + (brown) and earth (blue) been connected properly?
! Check the fuses in the Control Box. The Control Box can appear to be working even though
one of the fuses has tripped.
! Check the settings on the Control Box
! Check that the relevant indicator lights are working properly.
! Check that the ends of the intermediate cable are correctly connected to the Control Box and
drill respectively.
! Check all 37-pole connectors, and ensure that the pins and sockets are clean and undamaged.
Spray the connector with a contact spray, such as 5.56.
! Check that the intermediate cable is not being pinched or is not damaged.

6.1.2 Hydraulic faults


General checks for hydraulic faults:
! Check that the hydraulic hoses are connected to the correct takeoffs on the tractor. The two
thick and the two thin hoses must be connected to their respective double-acting takeoff.
! Check that the quick couplings on the hydraulic hoses are compatible with those on the tractor.
There are many types of couplings on the market, all of which are standardized, but problems
can still arise. The problem may be that the male and female connectors act as check valves,
allowing the drill to be raised but not lowered or vice versa. This problem can be exacerbated
by a pressure surge or worn couplings.
! Dismantle the valve in question (bout marker or lift stop). Check the external seals on the valve
and check that there is no sealant debris in the valve. Clean the valve thoroughly.
NOTE!Before dismantling the valve, lower the machine to the ground and release the pressure
from this takeoff.
Be very careful to avoid getting dirt in the system, if possible clean the outside of the hydraulic
system before removing a valve.

90 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

6.2 Troubleshooting list

Control box not working! - See ”6.1.1 Electrical faults” on page 90.

Marker/s cannot be extended! - Check the current to the 2 central solenoid valves on
the top of the valve block, see Hydraulic valves under
”6.3 Notes on troubleshooting” on page 97. The mar-
ker valve/s should be receiving power when the rele-
vant indicator light is on.

If there is no current to the mar-


ker solenoid: - Check that the drill is below Low lift height.
- Check as in ”6.1.1 Electrical faults” on page 90.

If there is current to the marker


solenoids: - It should always be possible to retract both bout mar-
kersv regardless of the setting or indication on the
Control Box. Check as in ”6.1.2 Hydraulic faults” on
page 90.

Bout marker/s unfold slowly! - Check that the bout marker indicator light/s on the
Control Box are off.
- Check that the Low lift function is on.
- Check if there is no current to the marker solenoid val-
ve, see Hydraulic solenoid valves under ”6.3 Notes on
troubleshooting” on page 97.
- Remove the solenoid valve and check that it is clean
and dust-free and that the external seals are undama-
ged.
- NOTE! First lower the drill to the ground and release
the pressure.
- Check that the marker ram is not leaking inside or out-
side. Before replacing seals, see ”5.15 Changing the
seals on the hydraulic rams” on page 83.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 91
Troubleshooting

Automatic changeover of mar-


kers and/or tramlining fails to
operate! - See Autostep function under ”6.3.1 Some functions of
the Control Box” on page 99.
- Is the Autostep switch up (on)?
- Is the multiple selector for the markers at alternating
(up)?
- Is tramlining set correctly?
- Is the Low lift switch set correctly ? See ”3.19 Adjus-
ting Low lift height” on page 65.
- Check that the Low lift switch holder is not bent or the
magnetic sensor damaged. Is the magnet broken or
loose?
Check for any cable breaks or short circuits.

The drill can be lifted with the lift


stop switched on! - Check that the solenoid valve on the far right of the
valve is receiving current. See Hydraulic solenoid
valves under ”6.3 Notes on troubleshooting” on page
97.

If there is no current to the sole-


noid valve: - See ”6.1.1 Electrical faults” on page 90.

If there is current to the lift stop


valve: - See ”6.1.2 Hydraulic faults” on page 90.

The drill cannot be raised and/or


lowered! - Make sure that the Lift stop or Low lift functions are
not activated. See ”6.1.2 Hydraulic faults” on page
90.

If the drill cannot be raised: - Check if the lift stop valve on the far right of the valve
block is receiving current as a result of a short circuit
or otherfault, see Hydraulic solenoid valves under
”6.3 Notes on troubleshooting” on page 97.
- Switch off the Control Box and check if the drill can
raised.
- Check for short circuits in the cable harness and inter-
mediate cable and identify the function affected.

92 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

The fan indicator lights and the


buzzer sounds! - NOTE! No warning is given if a fan hose becomes de-
tached or if the ejector elbows are out of place.
- Mechanical fan:
- Check that the PTO is connected and turned on
- Check that rev count of the PTO is correct
- Check the fan transmission belt.
- Hydraulic fan:
- Check that the hydraulic hoses are properly connected
and the hydraulic takeoff is activated.
- Is the rev counter on the fan set correctly?
- Check that the tractor pressure and flow are correct,
130 bar and at least 35 l/min.
- Check for short circuits in the sensor cable.
- Check the inductive sensor, see ”6.3 Notes on trou-
bleshooting” on page 97.

The fan indicator never lights! - Check the upper and lower fan rotation speeds set on
the Control Box.

Seed feed housing cannot be tur-


ned off! - A 12 V output signal from the Control Box via pole 30
shuts off the feed housing. The power activates an
electromagnet in housing which stops the outer sleeve
of the torsion spring clutch and thus opens the clutch.

One/both rotation sensor(s)


come on continually or occasio-
nally during the bout!

Drive wheel faults: - Check that the drive wheel is lowered and being dri-
ven by contact with the ground.
- Check the transmission between drive wheel and hou-
sing.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 93
Troubleshooting

Sensor faults: - Check sensor function, see ”6.3 Notes on troubles-


hooting” on page 97.
- Check that the toothed plate in the housing is undama-
ged.
- Check that the inductive sensor is sufficiently close to
the plate, adjust if necessary.
- Check the sensor connections to the cable harness in
the connection unit of the seed feed housing as fol-
lows:
Colour, cable Blue Brown Green/white
Sensor Blue Brown Black
Pole 5 36 23

Area meter/speedometer shows


no or incorrect reading! - Is the sensor receiving a signal from the sensor on the
drive wheel axle under the chainguard? Remove the
guard, see ”6.3 Notes on troubleshooting” on page
97.
- Check the connection between sensor and cable har-
ness.
- Check that the correct value for drive wheel circumfe-
rence has been entered in the Control Box (normally
2.4), see ”3.16.3 Programming the Type III Control
Box” on page 54.
- For too low area/speed readings increase this value.
- For too high area/speed readings decrease this value.

One or more tramlining flaps


fails to open/close! - Both tramlining motor should be ON and should close
off the relevant outlets in the distributor head when
the tramlining lights are on, see ”3.16.2 Functions of
the Control Box” on page 52, point 5. +12 V on pole
13, this is in parallel with pole 26.
- The motor should be OFF to re-open the outlets in the
distributor head when the tramlining lights are off, by
+12 V on pole 12. This is in parallel with pole 25. See
”7.4.2 Pole numbering, Control Box connector” on
page 110, Control Box sockets.

If there is no current to the elec-


tric motors or if they have not
enough power to open/close: - See ”6.1.1 Electrical faults” on page 90.
- Check the 37-pole connector, check poles 12, 13, 25
and, 26.
- Check the connection between motor and cable har-
ness just above the seed hopper.

94 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

If the damper sticks in one posi-


tion: - Is there seed or debris blocking the damper?
- If so, remove the glass lid of the distributor head and
clean.

Sowing depth varies from centre


to wings! (RD 400-450 F)! - Check that the long piston rod of the folding ram is
fully out and does not creep in during work.
- Check the setting on the wing sections, see ”3.7 Ad-
justing the wing sections” on page 34.
- Check the adjustment of the cranks on the wing sec-
tions, see ”3.6 Adjusting sowing depth” on page 33.

The drill sows lower than the


chosen setting! - Is the O-ring for the cutoff valve on the lifting ram da-
maged or missing? See ”5.16 Changing the valve se-
als on the lifting ram” on page 84.
- Does the depth stop reach the upper plate of the pis-
ton? If so the spring has been compressed or dama-
ged.

The discs do not spin freely! - Are the seed coulters too stiff? They should be fairly
loose.
- Is the soil very loose? It may need an extra rolling.
- Is the sowing depth too shallow?
- Are the coulters mounted too low? The discs will turn
more easily if the coulters are raised one notch.
- Are the discs very worn?
- Is there a lot of trash on the surface?
- Are the tool bar tines working too hard and overloose-
ning the soil?

The drill is not placing seed at


the bottom of the furrow! - Are the seed coulters very worn?
- Are the coulters set one notch too high? The drill will
place the seed more precisely if the coulters are low.
This does not normally need to be changed for diffe-
rent soil types.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 95
Troubleshooting

Leakage from the shaft seal on


the fan's hydraulic motor!
- Leakage from the shaft seal of the hydraulic motor
may be caused by:
- Damage caused during fitting.
- Wear due to dirt.
- Wear due to too high pressue in the drain line.
- A damaged seal caused by very high pressure in the
drain line.
- The pressure in the drain line can be measured on the
connector block when the plug (on the connector
marked M) is replaced by a manometer adapter. Use
a 0-10 bar manometer. The operating pressure shoud
not exceed 2 bars
- A high pressure may be caused by:
- Excessive oil flow in the drain line
- Counter-pressure in the hydraulic valve on the tractor.
- Loosen the drain hose from the tractor and remove the
quick connector. Start the fan. Collec the drained oil
in a container.
- Measure the pressure. Measure the amount of oil exi-
ting during one full minute.
- A considerable pressure drop would indicate a pro-
blem with the tractor's hydrauliv valve.
- A small pressure drop would indicate an excessive
flow of oil. Usually the flow in the drain line should
be less than 3 l/min.
- Excessive oil flow may be caused by:
- A worn motor
- A leaking non-return valve on the connector block.
Oil from the return line will then leak into the drain li-
ne.
- Clean the connector block on the outside and loosen
the hose connecting the motor and the block at the P3
port. Carefully start the fan. If oil exits from the block,
the non-return valve is leaking.
- Try to clean the valve (it is preferable to let the valve
remain on the block). The valve is positioned between
P3 and the return line (between the motor port and
P1).

96 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

6.3 Notes on troubleshooting


Hydraulic solenoid valves
B A
C

Figure 6.1 Figure 6.2


A solenoid has a coil which acts as an electromagnet when a current is passed through the sole-
noid. It is easy to see if current is getting to the solenoid since the connector diode light comes on
and the coil becomes warm after a few minutes. The nut on the top of the solenoid also becomes
magnetic, test this with a small screwdriver or the blade of a knife. The nut has some permanent
magnetism, so test it with the current off and on. Current is getting to the bout marker solenoid
valves (B) when the relevant indicator lights up, to the Lift stop valve (C) when its switch is
down or when Low lift is activated at Low lift height and to the pre-emergence bout marker
valve (A) when the tramlining lights A (on the Control Box) come on.
NOTE!The Control Box does not release the signals for bout or pre-emergence marking until the
drill is below Low lift height. (Input signal on pole 21).
Reed switch

Figure 6.3

The reed switch is a connection which responds to a magnetic field. It is made up of a glass tube
containing two metal tongues which move towards each other in a magnetic field (see Fig 6.3).
This can be tested using a magnet or a multimeter.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 97
Troubleshooting

Inductive sensor

Figure 6.4

Responds to metal objects passing within 1 - 1.5 mm.


Easily tested since a diode on the back edge of the sensor lights up every time it registers an object.
Capacitive sensor

Figure 6.5

Responds to objects containing moisture - seed, a hand, etc.


Easily tested since a diode on the rear edge of the sensor lights up every time it registers an object.

98 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01
RD 300-450 F

6.3.1 Some functions of the Control Box

Control Box 37-pole connector

Figure 6.6

The location of the poles is marked on the face of the connector, see Fig 6.3.
Output signals
The output signal voltage is +12 V. The output signals are sent via poles 12, 13, 14, 15, 25, 26, 27,
28, 29, 30, 31, 32 and 33. The parallel poles are 12 and 25, 13 and 26, 14 and 27, 15 and 28. The
conditions for output signals to be released are that the feed housing is not shut off at the Control
Box and that the drill is under Low lift height.
Input signals
The input signals are the same as the earths for the respective poles. The input signals are poles
10,16, 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24. For poles 20, 22, 23 and 24 the input signal is earthing repeated with
varying frequency.
Earths
The earths are poles 5, 6, 7 and 8. These are parallel and are bound together in the cable harness.
Low lift function
The Low lift switch on the drill sends an input signal to the lift transmitter (pole 21) at Low lift
height. The internal logic in the Control Box then sends an output signal to poles 31, 30 and 29 if
the Low lift switch on the Control Box is in the centre position.
Autostep function
Provided that the Control box is set correctly, changeover of the bout markers and tramlining oc-
curs automatically when the drill is raised from working position to the minimum Low lift height
(input signal on pole 21). This occurs whether the seed feed housing are shut off or not.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 99
Table, Tabelle, Tableau 98-
100

7.1
7
Appendices
Tag alltid ett utmatningsprov.
Såtabellens innehåll skall en-
dast ses som riktvärden. Vid
små utmatningsmängder bör RD 300-800 F No. 10 000-
ett nytt utmatningsprov tas re-

Table 7.1

Sowing table
Appendices
gelbundet. Kontrollera körd Vete Råg Korn Havre Bönor Ärtor Lupiner Vicker Majs Gräs Raps Klöver Gräs
Wheat Rye Barley Oats Beans Peas Lupins Vetch Maize Grass Rape Clover Grass
areal och utmatad mängd Weizen Roggen Gerste Hafer Bohnen Erbsen Lupinen Vicken Mais Gras Raps Klee Gras
vid varje påfyllning. Blé Seigle Orge Avoine Fèves Pois Luping Vesces Maïs Ray-grass Colza Trèfle Ray-grass
Kg/l 0,77 0,72 0,67 0,50 0,85 0,80 0,76 0,83 0,79 0,36 0,65 0,77 0,39
Always make a seed feed test.
The contents of the sowing Scale Kg/ha H= High gear Scale Kg/ha L= Low gear
table should only be regarded
as standard values. When 10 35 35 35 25 35 35 35 40 35 15 2 1,5 3 -
operating with small seed 20 75 70 65 50 75 75 70 80 75 30 4 3 4 -
quantities a new seed test
should be made regulary. 30 110 105 100 75 110 110 105 115 110 45 6 4 5 2
Check driven acreage and 8
seed feeded quantity at eve- 40 145 140 130 100 145 150 140 155 150 - 5 6 3
ry time you refill. 50 185 175 165 125 185 185 170 195 185 - 10 7 9 4
Grundsätzlich sollte vor Be- 60 220 210 200 150 220 225 205 230 220 - 15 10 15 7
ginn des Drillens eine Abdre- 70 255 245 230 170 255 260 240 270 260 - 20 15 20 10
hprobe durch- geführt
werden. Wenn die Sorte oder 80 295 280 265 195 290 295 275 310 295 - 30 20 25 15
die Fruchtart gewechselt 40
wird, muss eine neue Abreh- 90 330 315 300 220 330 335 310 350 335 - - 35 20
probe gemacht werden. Die 100 365 350 330 245 365 370 345 390 370 - 50 - 45 25
Sätabelle ist eine Anhalt und
Hilft bei der Grunde- 110 405 385 365 270 400 410 380 425 405 - 60 - 55 30
instellung. Beim Drillen von 120 440 420 400 295 440 445 415 465 445 - 70 - 60 35
kleinen Aussaatmengen (z.b.
Raps) sollte eine Abdrehpro- 130 475 455 430 320 475 485 450 505 480 -
be in regelmäßigen Abstän-
den gemacht werden. 140 515 490 465 345 510 520 485 540 520 -
Bitte, kontrollieren Sie die
bestellte Fläche und die aus-
Hög/High/Hoch/Haut 12x100=kg/ha. Utsäde, Cereals, Getreide, Céréales.
gebrachte Menge bei jedem
Nachfüllen des Saatgutes.
Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01

Faites toujours un test de do-


sage. Les données du tableau Låg/Low/Niedrig/Bas 26x10=kg/ha. Oljeväxter, Oil seed, Ölpflanze, Plante oléagineuse
ne sont qu'à titre indicatif.
Lors de petites quantités de
dosage, un nouveau test de
dosage doit être fait. Contrô-
Se 3.15. See 3.15. Siehe 3.15. Voir 3.15.
RD 300-450 F

7.2 Calibration Results

Table 7.2
Crop
kg/dm³
High/low
gear
Scale
reading
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 101


Appendices

7.3 Hydraulic diagram


7.3.1 Hydraulic diagram, RD 300 F

Figure 7.1 307330

1 Lifting and seed depth setting


2 Hydraulic ram, drive wheel
3 Hydraulic ram, RH bout marker
4 Hydraulic ram, LH bout marker
5 Hydraulic ram, pre-emergence bout marker
6 Hydraulic ram, tool bar
7 Valve block, Lift stop, bout markers, pre-emergence markers
8 Tractor
A Solenoid valve, RH bout marker. Normally closed.
B Solenoid valve, LH bout marker Normally closed.
C Solenoid valve, Lift stop. Normally open.
D Solenoid valve, pre-emergence marker. Normally closed.

102 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01


RD 300-450 F

7.3.2 Hydraulic diagram, RD 400-450 F

Figure 7.2 307331

1 Lifting and seed depth setting


2 Hydraulic ram, drive wheel
3 Hydraulic ram, RH bout marker
4 Hydraulic ram, LH bout marker
5 Hydraulic ram, pre-emergence bout marker
6 Hydraulic ram, tool bar
7 Hydraulic ram, folding
8 Valve block, Lift stop, bout markers, pre-emergence markers
9 Valve block, folding
10Strangler non-return valve, 1.0 mm.
11Changeover valve, tool bar/folding
12Tractor
A Solenoid valve, RH bout marker. Normally closed.
B Solenoid valve, LH bout marker Normally closed.
C Solenoid valve, Lift stop. Normally open.
D Solenoid valve, pre-emergence marker. Normally closed.

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 103


Appendices

7.3.3 Fenix fan, standard, mftg. no. -10 259

D
B
E

F
Figure 7.3

A Flow valve
B Hydraulic motor
C Choke valve
D Manometer
E Radiator
F Tractor

7.3.4 Fenix fan, standard, mftg. no. 10 260-10 323

B
C

D
Figure 7.4
A Cut-off valve
B Hydraulic motor
C Radiator
D Tractor

104 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01


RD 300-450 F

7.3.5 Fenix fläkt, standard, 3-hose design, mftg. no. 10 324-10 622

C
A Hydraulic motor
B Radiator
C Tractor

7.3.6 Fenix fläkt, standard, 3-hose design, mftg. no. 10 623-


B

C
Figure 7.5

A Hydraulic motor
B Valve block
C Tractor

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 105


Appendices

7.3.7 Fenix fan, PTO, mftg. no. -10 949

D E

I A
G

Figure 7.6

A Hydraulic pump
B Hydraulic motor
C Choke valve
D Radiator
E Air filter
F Oil filter
G Waste valve
H Hydraulic tank
I Tractor

106 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01


RD 300-450 F

7.3.8 Fenix fan, PTO, mftg. no. 10 950-

I
A
F E

H
Figure 7.7

A Hydraulic pump
B Hydraulic motor
C Choke valve
D Radiator
E Air filter
F Oil filter
G Contamination indicator
H Hydraulic tank
I Tractor

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 107


Appendices

7.4 Electrical diagram

Figure 7.8 307335

108 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01


RD 300-450 F

7.4.1 Electric wiring diagram for RD 300-450 F


"Normal" in this regard refers the position of the electric unit when it has no electric load and is
free of any cam and magnetic forces.
Area measurement is performed using the detector on the drive wheel
A Magnetic valve, right bout marker. Normally closed.
B Magnetic valve, left bout marker. Normally closed.
C Magnetic valve, lift stop. Normally open.
D Magnetic valve, pre-emergence about marker. Normally closed.
E Inductive detector, fan speed. Normally open.
F Inductive detector, area measurement on drive wheel. Normally open.
G
H Low-lift switch. Normally open.
I Freewheel hub, seed house shut-off. Normally engaged.
J
K Inductive detector, rotation guard. Normally open.
L
M Tramline motor, wheel tracks.
N
O Dielectric detector, level guard. Normally closed.
P Inductive detector, tramline monitoring
Q Setting device, variable sown amount

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 109


Appendices

Figure 7.9
7.4.2 Pole numbering, Control Box connector

Table 7.3
Pole Switch Function Colour, cable Remark
harness
1 A1 -- --
2 A2 -- --
3 A3 -- --
4 A4 Variable sown amount 5 V Red
5 A5 Ground Blue
6 A6-7 Ground Blue
7 A8-9 Ground Blue
8 A10 Ground Blue
9 A11 Variable sown amount 0 V Black
10 A12 -- --
11 A13 -- --
12 B1 Tramlining, OFF Yellow/grey Output signal =+12V
13 B2 Tramlining, ON White/red Output signal =+12V
14 B3 -- --
15 B4 -- --
16 B5 Level guard Orange Input signal=Ground
17 B6 Detector, variable sown amount White
18 B7 -- --
19 B8 Detector, tramline monitoring Pink/white
20 B9 Speedometer/area meter Green Input signal=Ground
21 B10 Lift acknowledgment Yellow Input signal=Ground
22 B11 Rotation guard White Input signal=Ground
23 B12 Rotation guard Green/white Input signal=Ground
24 B13 Detector, fan Grey Input signal=Ground
25 C1 Tramlining, OFF, parallel with 12 Yellow/grey Output signal =+12V
26 C2 Tramlining, ON, parallel with 13 White/red Output signal =+12V
27 C3 -- --
28 C4 -- --
29 C5 -- --
30 C6 Shut-off, seed box Yellow/black Output signal =+12V
31 C7 Lift stop Yellow/red Output signal =+12V
32 C8 Right bout marker Blue/red Output signal =+12V
33 C9 Left bout marker Blue/green Output signal =+12V
34 C10 Variable sown amount, reduction Green/red
35 C11 Variable sown amount, increase Pink
36 C12 +12V Brown
37 C13 -- --

110 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01


RD 300-450 F

7.5 Connector, mftg. no. 10950 -


7.5.1 Device - Tachometer for fan and area meter

Cabling:

Table 7.4 Fan detector configuration


Connector pole Cabling pole Cable colour Function
1 24 Grey Signal
2 36 Brown +12V
3 5 Blue Ground

Table 7.5 Area meter configuration


Connector pole Cabling pole Cable colour Function
1 20 Green Signal
2 36 Brown +12V
3 5 Blue Ground

Detector:

Table 7.6 Detector configuration


Connector pole Cable colour Function
1 Black Signal
2 Brown +12V
3 Blue Ground

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 111


Appendices

7.5.2 Device - Tramline motor and tramline monitoring

Cabling:

Table 7.7 Configuration - Tramline motor and tramline monitoring


Connector pole Cabling pole left Function
1 12 Tramlining off
2 13 Tramlining on
3 5 Ground
4 19 Signal
5 36 +12V
6 5 Ground

Tramline motor and tramline detector

Table 7.8 Configuration


Connector pole Cable - Colour Function
1 Motor - Green Tramlining off
2 Motor - Black Tramlining on
3 Motor - Blue Ground
4 Detector - Black Signal from tramline detector
5 Detector - Brown +12V
6 Detector - Blue Ground

7.5.3 Device - Level guard

Cabling:

Table 7.9 Level guard configuration


Connector pole Cabling pole Cable colour Function
1 16 Orange Signal
2 36 Brown +12V
3 5 Blue Ground

Detector:

Table 7.10 Detector configuration


Connector pole Cable colour Function
1 White Signal
2 Brown +12V
3 Blue Ground

112 Ver.07/06/01 07/06/01


RD 300-450 F

7.6 Technical data

Table 7.11
Machine RD 300 F RD 400 F RD 450 F
Working width (m) 3,0 4,0 4,5
Transport width (m) 3,0 3,0 3,0
Transport height (m) 2,55 2,55 2,55
Hopper capacity (litres) 2000 2000 2000
Max. load in hopper (kg) 2000 2000 2000
Max. trailed weight on tractor (kg) 1850 2000 2300
Disc weight, each approx. (kg) 145 127 126
Machine weight:
Double Crossboard (kg) 3400 3900 4500
System Agrilla (kg) 3500 4050 4650
System Disc (kg) 3750 4500 5050
Rigid tines (kg) 3500 4000 4550
Weight accessory: Centre packers (kg) 300 300 300
Top grating (kg) 80 80 80
Pre-emergence markers (kg) 60 60 60
Wing packers (kg) - 2x170 2x170

Fan
Noise level: 92 dB (A) (distance 1.0 m)
Tyre inflation pressures
690x175-15”: 2.5 kg/cm 2 (250 kPa)
200x14.5”: 4.1 kg/cm 2 (410 kPa)

Ver.1.3 07/06/01 113


590 21 VÄDERSTAD S-590 21 VÄDERSTAD
SWEDEN

Telefon 0142-820 00 Telephone +46 142 820 00


Telefax 0142-820 10 Telefax +46 142 820 10
Hemsida http://www.vaderstad.com Homepage http://www.vaderstad.com