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Filière: Études Allemandes Université Mohammed V de Rabat

Semestre: 1 Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines


Module: 111-Einführung in die Literatur 1 Département Études Allemandes
Groupe: 9h-11h Cours de: Dr. Djoufack

Cours du 24.11.2020

M2: EINFÜHRUNG IN DIE LITERATUR 1


ARBEITSBLÄTTER (FICHES DE TRAVAIL): AUFKLÄRUNG

1. Was ist Aufklärung?

1.1. Nennen Sie die Kernbegriffe der Aufklärung.

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1.2. Nennen Sie drei (3) der wichtigsten Philosophen der Aufklärung und sagen Sie jeweils, wie jeder
dieser Philosophen „Aufklärung“ definiert.

a) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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c) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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1.3. Georg Christoph Lichtenberg benutzt oft die Metaphern „Licht“, „Fackel“ in seinen Aphorismen
über Aufklärung. Was will er mit diesen Metaphern sagen? D.h.: Erläutern Sie sein besonderes
Verständnis der Aufklärung.

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2. Äußern Sie sich zu folgenden Themen:

2.1. Sozialgeschichtlicher und politischer Hintergrund der Aufklärung: ------------------------------------------


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2.2. Staatsform:-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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2.3. Gesellschaftlicher und wirtschaftlicher Hintergrund:------------------------------------------------------------


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2.4. Bedeutung der Französischen Revolution:-------------------------------------------------------------------------


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3. Ideengeschichtlicher Hintergrund der Aufklärung

3.1. Allgemeine philosophische Grundsätze der Aufklärung

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3.2. Bedeutung des Rationalismus der Frühaufklärung (1680-1740)

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3.3. Wichtige Ideen folgender Philosophen:

a) René Descartes:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b) Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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c) Christian Thomasius:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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d) Christian Wolff:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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4. Fassen Sie die Hauptideen der Aufklärung mit eigenen Worten zusammen.

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5. Wichtige literarische Autoren der Aufklärung

5.1. Johann Christian Gottsched:

a) Wichtige Werke:--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b) Hauptmerkmale von Gottscheds Poetik: -------------------------------------------------------------------


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5.2. Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.

a) Wichtige Werke:--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b) Lessings Poetik:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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5.3. Arbeiten Sie die wichtige Bedeutung heraus, die Lessing in der Literatur der Aufklärung gespielt
hat.

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5.4. Inwiefern unterscheidet sich Lessings Konzeption der Literatur von Gottscheds Auffassung der
Literatur?

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6. Nennen Sie die Themen und Motive der Aufklärung.

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7. Wichtige literarische Genres und Ihre aufklärerische Funktion:

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b) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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8. Erläutern Sie folgende Gattungsbegriffe:

a) bürgerliches Trauerspiel: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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b) Aphorismus: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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c) Fabel: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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9. Nennen Sie stichwortartig wichtige Merkmale der Epoche der Aufklärung, d.h. die wichtigen
Veränderungen, die sich in dieser Epoche vollziehen. („stichwortartig“ = vous n’écrivez pas des

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phrases entières, mais ne notez que les idées essentielles en utilisant un tiret pour chaque idée.)
(siehe Punkt 9. des Skripts)

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